journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737979/hect-domain-and-rcc1-like-domain-containing-protein-5-herc-5-gene-polymorphisms-in-hiv-1-infected-individuals-a-study-from-india
#1
Nawaj Shaikh, Vandana Saxena, Sudhanshu Pandey, Ajit Patil, Madhuri Thakar
HECT domain and RCC1-like domain-containing protein 5 (HERC-5) is one of the novel host restriction factors that is known to inhibit HIV release in vitro. Polymorphisms in other host restriction factors have been associated with HIV infection and disease progression. However, no report is available on the HERC-5 polymorphism in HIV-infected individuals. We studied the HERC-5 gene polymorphism in HIV-infected individuals and explored whether it is associated with different disease outcomes. Genomic DNA was isolated from 41 HIV-1 progressors, 39 long-term nonprogressors, and 74 HIV seronegative healthy donors for amplification of HERC5 Exon-18 and other regulatory regions followed by sequencing...
July 24, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649870/lubricant-provides-poor-rectal-mucosal-hiv-coverage
#2
Eugenie C Shieh, Ethel D Weld, Edward J Fuchs, Hiwot Hiruy, Karen W Buckheit, Robert W Buckheit, Jennifer Breakey, Craig W Hendrix
Given the rising HIV incidence in men who have sex with men (MSM) despite repeatedly proven effectiveness of oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, behaviorally congruent periodic dosing strategies, such as dosing microbicides as lubricants, are now in demand. Rectal microbicide gel studies largely administer gels using vaginal applicators, which have not been well received and do not mimic lubricant use. We compared rectal gel manually dosed as lubricant with applicator dosing in five healthy, HIV-negative MSM who received 10 or 3...
July 24, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649847/the-clinical-value-of-cystatin-c-as-a-marker-of-renal-function-in-hiv-patients-receiving-dolutegravir
#3
Yusuke Yoshino, Ichiro Koga, Kazunori Seo, Takatoshi Kitazawa, Yasuo Ota
Dolutegravir (DTG) is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor that is used for the treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. DTG inhibits organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) on the basolateral side of proximal tubule cells of the kidney, and leads to increased serum creatinine levels without true renal function deterioration. In HIV patients who receive DTG, an alternative test to serum creatinine measurement is needed to determine the correct renal function. We retrospectively evaluated 18 HIV-infected men who had received combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART), including DTG, and who had available data on serum creatinine and cystatin C levels...
June 25, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712312/near-full-length-genome-sequence-of-a-novel-hiv-1-second-generation-recombinant-form-crf01_ae-crf07_bc-detected-among-blood-donors-in-north-china
#4
Wei He, Xiaoxu Han, Minghui An, Yanqiu Hai, Le Chang, Chao Liu, Lunan Wang, Hong Shang
In this study, a novel CRF01_AE/07_BC HIV-1 recombinant form, with five breakpoints in thepol, vpr, env and nef gene regions, was identified from a voluntary blood donor in North China. Our study showed that this HIV-1 recombinant form might be a second-generation recombinant form from two predominant strains inthe Men who have sex with men (MSM) population, with the CRF07_BC fragments belonging to a CRF07_BC lineage specific to Chinese MSM and the CRF01_AE fragments belonging to the CRF01_AE lineage 5 common among MSM in northern China...
July 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594232/revisiting-the-aids-epidemic-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-and-what-we-must-aim-for
#5
Hamza Arshad Dar, Areeba Mubashir, Manal Adil, Aiman Farzeen, Hasaan Naseer, Gohar Ayub, Sajid Mansoor, Aneela Javed
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the major cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans, where the immune system totally succumbs to the virus. A large proportion of the AIDS infected belong to developing countries and AIDS prevalence is intensified by severe poverty, malnutrition, and famine; fatal illnesses with a scorn shortage of medical amenities complemented with the lack of education and development. Current Pakistani health system setting is in a dire need of improvement...
July 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562069/-we-need-to-deploy-them-very-thoughtfully-and-carefully-perceptions-of-analytical-treatment-interruptions-in-hiv-cure-research-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-inquiry
#6
Karine Dubé, David Evans, Lynda Dee, Laurie Sylla, Jeff Taylor, Asheley Skinner, Bryan J Weiner, Sandra B Greene, Stuart Rennie, Joseph D Tucker
Strategies to control HIV in the absence of antiretroviral therapy are needed to cure HIV. However, such strategies will require analytical treatment interruptions (ATIs) to determine their efficacy. We investigated how U.S. stakeholders involved in HIV cure research perceive ATIs. We conducted 36 in-depth interviews with three groups of stakeholders: 12 people living with HIV, 11 clinician-researchers, and 13 policy-makers/bioethicists. Qualitative data revealed several themes. First, there was little consensus on when ATIs would be ethically warranted...
July 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691499/eradication-of-hiv-from-tissue-reservoirs-challenges-for-the-cure
#7
Rebecca R Rose, David J Nolan, Ekaterina Maidji, Cheryl Stoddart, Elyse J Singer, Susanna Lamers, Michael McGrath
The persistence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection, even after lengthy and successful combined anti-retroviral therapy (cART), has precluded an effective cure. The anatomical locations in which and biological mechanisms through which the viral population is maintained remain unknown. Much research has focused nearly exclusively on circulating resting T-cells as the predominant source of persistent HIV, a strategy with limited success in developing an effective cure strategy. Here, we review research supporting the importance of tissues and other immune cells for HIV maintenance and expansion, including the central nervous system, lymph nodes, and macrophages...
July 9, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586237/a-unique-second-generation-recombinant-form-of-hiv-1-identified-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-population-in-beijing-china
#8
Xue Li, Mingqiang Hao, Yinxiao Hao, Jingrong Ye, Ruolei Xin, Hongyan Lu
In China, CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC are the most circulating strains of HIV-1, more and more second-generation recombinant forms have been isolated around the two strains. The same situation happened in Beijing in recent years. In our study, we have isolated a new second-generation recombinant form of HIV-1 from a male patient who was infected by homosexual behavior. Polygenetic analysis revealed that the sequence includes five CRF01_AE fragments and four CRF07_BC fragments. CRF01_AE is the skeleton of the recombinant which was inserted with four CRF07_BC fragments...
July 5, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569550/ultra-deep-sequencing-analysis-on-hiv-drug-resistance-associated-mutations-among-hiv-infected-individuals-first-report-from-the-philippines
#9
Ivo N SahBandar, Genesis Samonte, Elizabeth Telan, Nalyn Siripong, Mahdi Belcaid, David Schanzenbach, Susan Leano, Haorile Chagan-Yasutan, Toshio Hattori, Cecilia M Shikuma, Lishomwa C Ndhlovu
A sharp increase in the number of people living with HIV has been documented in the Philippines. In response, the government has instituted antiretroviral therapy (ART) nationwide through HIV treatment hubs. However, no data presently exist on the status of ART drug-resistance-associated mutations (DRMs). In this study, we aim at analyzing DRM profiles in the Philippines and at providing comprehensive data on DRMs to guide treatment decisions and prevent viral failures. We conducted a cross-sectional study in 119 volunteers who tested positive for HIV from more than 8,000 participants screened for HIV across the nation through the 2013 Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS) program...
July 5, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562067/hypertension-in-hiv-infected-adults-compared-with-similar-but-uninfected-adults-in-china-body-mass-index-dependent-effects-of-nadir-cd4-count
#10
Yingying Ding, Haijiang Lin, Xing Liu, Yucheng Zhang, Frank Y Wong, Yan V Sun, Vincent C Marconi, Na He
Hypertension is a growing problem in the HIV population. The relationship between low nadir CD4 count and hypertension in the HIV-infected population has been reported. However, the effect of nadir CD4 on hypertension due to a different body mass index (BMI) is yet to be fully elucidated. In this cross-sectional study, 345 HIV-infected participants aged ≥40 years were recruited. They were frequency matched and compared with age, sex, and education with HIV-uninfected adults (n = 345). Hypertension prevalence was lower in HIV-infected than in HIV-uninfected participants (23...
July 5, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670966/malnutrition-in-hiv-infected-children-is-an-indicator-of-severe-disease-with-an-impaired-response-to-antiretroviral-therapy
#11
Maximilian Muenchhoff, Michael Healy, Ravesh Singh, Julia Roider, Andreas Groll, Chirjeev Kindra, Thobekile Sibaya, Angeline Moonsamy, Callum McGregor, Michelle Q Phan, Alejandro Palma, Henrik Kloverpris, Alasdair Leslie, Raziya Bobat, Philip S LaRussa, Thumbi Ndung'u, Philip Jr Goulder, Magdalena E Sobieszczyk, Mohendran Archary
Objectives This observational study aimed to describe immunopathogenesis and treatment outcomes in children with and without severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and HIV-infection. Design We studied markers of microbial translocation (16sDNA), intestinal damage (iFABP), monocyte activation (sCD14), T-cell activation (CD38, HLA-DR) and immune exhaustion (PD1) in 32 HIV-infected children with and 41 HIV-infected children without SAM prior to initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and cross-sectionally compared these children to 15 HIV-uninfected children with and 19 HIV-uninfected children without SAM...
July 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670965/false-recent-ratio-of-the-limiting-antigen-avidity-assay-and-viral-load-testing-algorithm-among-cameroonians-with-long-term-hiv-infection
#12
Briana Lynch, Eshan U Patel, Colleen Rose Courtney, Aubin Nanfack, Jude Bimela, Xiaohong Wang, Issa Eid, Thomas C Quinn, Oliver Laeyendecker, Phillipe N Nyambi, Ralf Duerr, Andrew Redd
Current serological assays that are used for cross-sectional HIV incidence estimation have been shown to misclassify individuals with chronic infection. Limited information exists on the performance of cross-sectional incidence assays in Central Africa. HIV-positive individuals from Cameroon who were infected for at least one year or two years were evaluated to determine the false recent ratio of a two-assay algorithm which includes the Limiting Antigen Avidity (LAg-Avidity) assay (ODn<1.5) and HIV viral load (>1000 copies/mL)...
July 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670913/potential-for-false-positive-results-with-serological-assays-for-hiv-in-central-africa-implications-for-the-hiv-serodiagnosis-algorithm-according-to-the-2015-consolidated-who-recommendations-for-resource-constrained-countries
#13
Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Cecilia T Costiniuk, Perrine Talla, Leman Robin Robin, Serge Tonen Wolyec, Ralph Sydey Mboumba Bouassa, Laurent Belec
N.A.
July 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540733/hiv-risk-prevalence-and-access-to-care-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-lebanon
#14
Robert Heimer, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khouri, Forrest W Crawford, Fatma Shebl, Elie Aaraj, Kaveh Khoshnood
Little is known about HIV prevalence and risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) in much of the Middle East, including Lebanon. Recent national-level surveillance has suggested an increase in HIV prevalence concentrated among men in Lebanon. We undertook a biobehavioral study to provide direct evidence for the spread of HIV. MSM were recruited by respondent-driven sampling, interviewed, and offered HIV testing anonymously at sites located in Beirut, Lebanon, from October 2014 through February 2015. The interview questionnaire was designed to obtain information on participants' sociodemographic situation, sexual behaviors, alcohol and drug use, health, HIV testing and care, and experiences of stigma and discrimination...
June 29, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503929/rare-control-of-sivmac239-infection-in-a-vaccinated-rhesus-macaque
#15
Mauricio A Martins, Damien C Tully, Young C Shin, Lucas Gonzalez-Nieto, Kim L Weisgrau, David J Bean, Rujuta Gadgil, Martin J Gutman, Aline Domingues, Helen S Maxwell, Diogo M Magnani, Michael Ricciardi, Nuria Pedreño-Lopez, Varian Bailey, Michael A Cruz, Noemia S Lima, Myrna C Bonaldo, John D Altman, Eva Rakasz, Saverio Capuano, Keith A Reimann, Michael Piatak, Jeffrey D Lifson, Ronald C Desrosiers, Todd M Allen, David I Watkins
Effector memory T cell (TEM) responses display potent antiviral properties and have been linked to stringent control of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) replication. Since recurrent antigen stimulation drives the differentiation of CD8(+) T cells toward the TEM phenotype, in this study we incorporated a persistent herpesviral vector into a heterologous prime/boost/boost vaccine approach to maximize the induction of TEM responses. This new regimen resulted in CD8(+) TEM-biased responses in four rhesus macaques, three of which controlled viral replication to <1,000 viral RNA copies/ml of plasma for more than 6 months after infection with SIVmac239...
June 29, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548539/cd4-count-and-hiv-rna-trends-for-hiv-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorders-in-malawi
#16
Bongani Kaimila, Toon van der Gronde, Edwards Kasonkanji, Paula Fox, Maria Chikasema, Blessings Tewete, Satish Gopal
Given scarce data from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), we sought to describe CD4 count and HIV RNA trends over time among patients with HIV-positive lymphoproliferative disorders in Malawi. We prospectively enrolled HIV-positive individuals with pathologically confirmed lymphoproliferative disorders between 2013 and 2016. Chemotherapy was standardized with concurrent antiretroviral therapy (ART). We assessed CD4 count and HIV RNA at baseline and every 6 months for up to 2 years. Of 72 HIV-positive patients, 59 had non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), 5 classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL), and 8 multicentric Castleman disease (MCD)...
June 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540757/association-of-tuberculosis-status-with-neurologic-disease-and-immune-response-in-htlv-1-infection
#17
Anselmo Souza, Natália Carvalho, Yuri Neves, Silvane Braga Santos, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Sérgio Arruda, Eduardo Martins Netto, Marshall J Glesby, Edgar Carvalho
The human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). HTLV-1 infected individuals have increased susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection but the influence of tuberculosis (TB) on the course of HTLV-1 infection is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of TB on immunological, virologic, and neurologic features of HTLV-1 infection. This is a retrospective analysis of individuals enrolled in a cohort study from an HTLV-1 clinic who were evaluated for past or latent tuberculosis (LTB) and classified clinically as HTLV-1 carriers, probable HAM/TSP and definite HAM/TSP...
June 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530113/refining-current-scientific-priorities-and-identifying-new-scientific-gaps-in-hiv-related-heart-lung-blood-and-sleep-research
#18
Homer L Twigg, Ronald Crystal, Judith Currier, Paul Ridker, Nancy Berliner, Hans-Peter Kiem, George Rutherford, Shimian Zou, Simone Glynn, Renee Wong, Emmanuel Peprah, Michael Engelgau, Tony Creazzo, Sandra Colombini-Hatch, Elisabet Caler
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) AIDS Program's goal is to provide direction and support for research and training programs in areas of HIV-related heart, lung, blood, and sleep (HLBS) diseases. To better define NHLBI current HIV-related scientific priorities and with the goal of identifying new scientific priorities and gaps in HIV-related HLBS research, a wide group of investigators gathered for a scientific NHLBI HIV Working Group on December 14-15, 2015, in Bethesda, MD. The core objectives of the Working Group included discussions on: (1) HIV-related HLBS comorbidities in the antiretroviral era; (2) HIV cure; (3) HIV prevention; and (4) mechanisms to implement new scientific discoveries in an efficient and timely manner so as to have the most impact on people living with HIV...
June 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486838/brain-microglial-cells-are-highly-susceptible-to-hiv-1-infection-and-spread
#19
Jennifer J Cenker, Ryan D Stultz, David McDonald
Macrophages are a target of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and may serve as an important reservoir of the virus in the body, particularly after depletion of CD4(+) T cells in HIV/AIDS. Recently, sterile alpha motif and histidine/aspartic acid domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) was identified as the major restriction factor of HIV-1 infection in myeloid cells. SAMHD1 is targeted for proteolytic degradation by Vpx, a viral protein encoded by HIV-2 and many simian immunodeficiency viruses but not HIV-1...
June 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462622/trends-in-hiv-continuum-of-care-outcomes-over-ten-years-of-follow-up-at-a-large-hiv-primary-medical-home-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#20
Michael K Ghiam, Peter F Rebeiro, Megan Turner, William B Rogers, Sally S Bebawy, Stephen P Raffanti, Anna K Person, April C Pettit
Longitudinal studies of retention in care (RIC) and viral suppression (VS) in the southeastern United States (US), a region disproportionately affected by HIV infection, are lacking. HIV-infected adults with ≥1 medical visit at the Vanderbilt Comprehensive Care Clinic (Nashville, Tennessee) from 2004 to 2013 were included. RIC was ≥2 (a) laboratory dates [CD4+ counts or HIV-1 viral loads (VLs)] or (b) provider encounters and/or laboratory dates in the year of interest, ≥90 days apart. VS was a VL of <200 copies/ml at last measurement in the year of interest...
June 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
journal
journal
29610
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"