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Acta Oncologica

Marianne C Aznar, Theodore Girinsky, Anne Kiil Berthelsen, Berthe Aleman, Max Beijert, Martin Hutchings, Yolande Lievens, Paul Meijnders, Peter Meidahl Petersen, Deborah Schut, Maja V Maraldo, Richard van der Maazen, Lena Specht
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In early-stage classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) the target volume nowadays consists of the volume of the originally involved nodes. Delineation of this volume on a post-chemotherapy CT-scan is challenging. We report on the interobserver variability in target volume definition and its impact on resulting treatment plans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two representative cases were selected (1: male, stage IB, localization: left axilla; 2: female, stage IIB, localizations: mediastinum and bilateral neck)...
January 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Kjetil Boye, Nina Louise Jebsen, Olga Zaikova, Heidi Knobel, Ayca M Løndalen, Clement S Trovik, Odd R Monge, Kirsten Sundby Hall
BACKGROUND: Denosumab is a relatively new treatment option for patients with giant-cell tumor of bone (GCTB). The purpose of this study was to report the results for patients treated in Norway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated with denosumab for GCTB were identified from the clinical databases at the Norwegian sarcoma reference centers. Data were retrieved from the clinical databases and supplemented by retrospective review of patient records. Denosumab was given as a subcutaneous injection every 4 weeks with loading doses on day 8 and 15 in cycle 1...
January 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Hanne Melgaard Nielsen, Rasmus Blechingberg Friis, Søren Linnet, Birgitte Vrou Offersen
BACKGROUND: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in early breast cancer are associated with a risk of morbidity, including lymphedema and impaired shoulder mobility. The aim of this study was to evaluate loco-regional morbidity after breast conserving surgery (BCS), ALND, taxane-based chemotherapy and whole breast irradiation (WBI) with or without regional nodes RT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eligible patients had BCS and ALND from 2007 to 2012 followed by adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy and if indicated, trastuzumab and endocrine treatment...
January 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Randi V Karlsen, Pernille E Bidstrup, Helle Hvarness, Per Bagi, Elisabeth Friis Lippert, Rikke Permild, Annamaria Giraldi, Agnethe Lawaetz, Eva Krause, Ulla Due, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Radical prostatectomy is often followed by long-lasting erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence, with adverse effects on the quality of life and intimate relationship of patients and partners. We developed the ProCan intervention to ameliorate sexual and urological dysfunction after radical prostatectomy and examined its feasibility, acceptability and changes in sexual function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May 2014 and October 2014, seven couples attending the Department of Urology, Rigshospitalet, were included 3-4 weeks after radical prostatectomy in the ProCan intervention, which consists of up to six couple counselling sessions, group instruction in pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), up to three individual PFMT sessions and a DVD home training program...
January 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
J J M Kwakman, A Baars, H Boot, J F M Pruijt, S B Winther, P Pfeiffer, C J A Punt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Morten Busk, Ole L Munk, Steen Jakobsen, Jørgen Frøkiær, Jens Overgaard, Michael R Horsman
BACKGROUND: Current [F-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) procedures in tumor-bearing mice typically includes fasting, anesthesia, and standardized uptake value (SUV)-based quantification. Such procedures may be inappropriate for prolonged multiscan experiments. We hypothesize that normalization of tumor FDG retention relative to a suitable reference tissue may improve accuracy as this method may be less susceptible to uncontrollable day-to-day changes in blood glucose levels, physical activity, or unnoticed imperfect tail vein injections...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Nanna Maria Hammer, Lisbeth Kofoed Egestad, Susanne Grøn Nielsen, Eik Bjerre, Christoffer Johansen, Ingrid Egerod, Bernardine Pinto, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: While the increasing number of people surviving cancer is promising, the long-term health effects warrant broad, innovative interventions. We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a 24-week intervention called 'Active Book Club' comprising audio book listening, pedometer walking and supervised book club meetings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory and descriptive design was applied. Qualitative data included baseline and post-intervention focus group interviews as well as post-intervention individual interviews...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
M Johannsen, M S O'Toole, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention has been found efficacious in reducing persistent pain in women treated for breast cancer. Little, however, is known about possible moderators of the effect. We explored clinical and psychological moderators of the effect on pain intensity previously found in a randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with women treated for breast cancer with persistent pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 129 women treated for breast cancer reporting persistent pain were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Trille Kristina Kjær, Anders Mellemgaard, Marianne Stensøe Oksen, Bo Andreassen Rix, Randi Karlsen, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of and survival from lung cancer are associated with socioeconomic position, and disparities have been observed in both curative and palliative treatment for lung cancer. 'Patient navigation' is valuable in addressing health disparity, with timely treatment and transition to care. We conducted a pilot study to test the feasibility of a patient navigator program (PAtient COach) for newly diagnosed lung cancer. We present the trial, the findings from the pilot study and discuss factors that might have affected recruitment rates...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Gitte K Vesterlund, Beverley L Høeg, Christoffer Johansen, Berit L Heitmann, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: The role of psychological stress in cancer risk is continuously debated. Stress at work is the most common form of stress and previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding cancer risk. In this longitudinal study, we examined the association between prolonged job strain across six years and subsequent cancer risk. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used data from 6571 cancer-free women from the Danish Nurse Cohort aged 45-70 years at inclusion, and self-reported questionnaires on job strain at baseline in 1993 and again in 1999...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Mai-Britt Bjørklund Ellegaard, Cai Grau, Robert Zachariae, Anders Bonde Jensen
BACKGROUND: It is unclear to which degree the services available after end of treatment are sufficient to meet the needs of women treated for breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to identify patient-reported supportive care needs and the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) following end of treatment in women treated for breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, women treated for breast cancer (n = 155; mean age 63) completed questionnaires concerning supportive care needs and FCR...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Saskia F A Duijts, Jacobien M Kieffer, Peter van Muijen, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: Most cancer survivors are able to return to work at some point after diagnosis. However, literature on sustained employability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is limited. Therefore, the aims of this study were to explore the influence of change in employment status on HRQoL in cancer survivors long term after diagnosis, and to identify predictors of work continuation in occupationally active survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used prospective data (T0 = two years after diagnosis, T1 = one-year follow-up, and T2 = two-year follow-up) from a cohort of cancer survivors that had an employment contract and were of working age at T0 (N = 252, 69...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Karin B Dieperink, Christoffer Johansen, Steinbjørn Hansen, Lis Wagner, Klaus K Andersen, Lisbeth R Minet, Olfred Hansen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive sessions with a physical therapist (n = 79), or standard care (n = 82)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Alexander A Juhl, Søren Christensen, Robert Zachariae, Tine E Damsgaard
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of women undergo a breast reconstruction (BR) after treatment for breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to evaluate patient-reported esthetic satisfaction, quality of life (QoL), and the association between these, following different types of BR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All women who underwent unilateral BR in Central Denmark Region between January 2005 and July 2011 were included. Participants were sent a questionnaire package, which included the Body Image Scale, The Beck Depression Inventory, the Impact of Event Scale, and a study-specific patient-reported esthetic satisfaction scale...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Sofia Hjelmstedt, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Scott Montgomery, Ida Hed Myrberg, Emma Hovén
BACKGROUND: Due to psychological distress and an increased care burden, parents of children diagnosed with cancer may face a higher risk of sickness absence from work. The objective of this study was to examine the association of childhood cancer with parents' sick leave. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 3626 parents of 1899 children diagnosed with cancer in Sweden during 2004-2009, and a matched control group of parents (n = 34 874). Sick leave was measured as number of days with sickness benefit, retrieved from national registries...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Martina E Schmidt, Joachim Wiskemann, Cornelia M Ulrich, Andreas Schneeweiss, Karen Steindorf
BACKGROUND: Exercise during and after breast cancer treatment has shown several health benefits. However, little is known about the courses, patterns, and determinants of physical activity of breast cancer patients, and the role of exercise interventions on their physical activity behavior in the long run. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Self-reported physical activity was assessed in 227 breast cancer survivors before, during, and three, six, and 12 months post-intervention within two randomized resistance exercise trials performed during adjuvant chemo- or radiotherapy, respectively, with similar designs...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Brittaney-Belle E Gordon, Ronald C Chen
There are currently 33 million cancer survivors worldwide. With improvements in early cancer detection and treatments, patients are living longer - and it is well-recognized that many survivors develop short- and long-term physical, psychosocial and spiritual effects as a result of their diagnoses and treatments. There is increasing awareness of the importance of using patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to accurately assess these effects in cancer survivors. Validated patient-reported outcome instruments: Traditionally, physicians have assessed the acute and late side effects of cancer treatments with standardized scales such as the CTCAE...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Gunilla Enblad, Gustaf Martinsson, Eva Baecklund, Göran Hesselager, Christer Sundström, Rosie-Marie Amini, Hans Hagberg
BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) are rare lymphomas with a poor prognosis. Recently, an increased incidence has been reported. The present study is a population-based study of all patients with PCNSL in the Uppsala/Örebro region of middle Sweden. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients diagnosed with a PCNSL at Uppsala University Hospital 2000-2012 were identified. Altogether, 96 patients (50 women and 46 men) were included. The median age at diagnosis was 66 years (17-95)...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Arnar Astradsson, Per Munck Af Rosenschöld, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Lars Poulsgaard, Anne Katrine Wiencke, Lars Ohlhues, Svend Aage Engelholm, Helle Broholm, Emil Hansen Møller, Marianne Klose, Henrik Roed, Marianne Juhler
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine visual outcome, endocrine function and tumor control in a prospective cohort of craniopharyngioma patients, treated with fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy (FSRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen adult patients with craniopharyngiomas were eligible for analysis. They were treated with linear accelerator-based FSRT during 1999-2015. In all cases, diagnosis was confirmed by histological analysis. The prescription dose to the tumor was 54 Gy (median, range 48-54) in 1...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
Alexandra Hofsjö, Nina Bohm-Starke, Bo Blomgren, Helen Jahren, Gunnar Steineck, Karin Bergmark
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy report vaginal inelasticity and decreased lubrication that may affect their sexual health, but it is unknown which normal tissue reactions mediate these symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphology of the connective tissue of the vaginal wall in cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We recruited 34 cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy and 37 age-matched controls...
January 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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