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Transfusion Medicine Reviews

Robert Cohen, Shuoyan Ning, Matthew Tak Sheng Yan, Jeannie Callum
The transfusion chain is susceptible to error at every step. Accurate patient registration is a key first step that links a patient with their historical medical profile, yet patient registration is marked by its own challenges. Registration errors are deviations from standard operating procedures that occur during the process of patient registration. A frequent consequence of registration errors is the obfuscation of historical information and patient misidentification. Through duplicate registrations, patient information can be spread across multiple records and through hybrid registrations information from multiple patients can be combined into a single record...
December 6, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Afsaneh Amouzegar, Bimalangshu R Dey, Thomas R Spitzer
Although peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) have worldwide become the predominant source of progenitor cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), debate about their role compared with bone marrow (BM) has recently intensified, in large part based on the results of a multicenter Clinical Trials Network study which showed lower incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and improved quality of life in recipients of myeloablative HLA-matched unrelated BM compared with PBSC transplants...
November 12, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Li Wang, Zhen-Yang Gu, Shu-Feng Liu, De-Xun Ma, Chao Zhang, Cheng-Jun Liu, Rui Gao, Li-Xun Guan, Cheng-Ying Zhu, Fei-Yan Wang, Chun-Ji Gao, Hua-Ping Wei
Controversial results exist regarding the clinical benefits of single- vs double-unit umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) in patients with hematologic diseases. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate this issue. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to May 2018. A total of 25 studies including 6571 recipients were identified. Although double-unit UCB contained higher doses of total nucleated cells and CD34+ cells, it offered no advantages over single-unit UCB in terms of hematologic recovery, including the rate and speed of neutrophil and platelet engraftment...
November 6, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Stephanie M Eick, Ariella Perry Dale, Brian McKay, Casey Lawrence, Mark H Ebell, José F Cordero, Michael Welton
The presence of antibodies to Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) can be detected in blood donations. Donation-based surveillance provides an alternative strategy to estimate population prevalence by detecting antibodies that are circulating. To estimate population prevalence, we conducted a systematic review of literature on the seroprevalence of ZIKV and DENV antibodies in blood donations. We searched PubMed and Web of Science for studies that reported the seroprevalence of ZIKV and DENV in blood donations...
January 2019: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Ross M Fasano, Erin K Meyer, Jane Branscomb, Mia S White, Robert W Gibson, James R Eckman
Red blood cells (RBC) transfusion is critical in managing acute and chronic complications in sickle cell disease (SCD); however, it is complicated by RBC alloimmunization, iron overload, transfusion reactions and infection. Several reports documented an increased incidence of alloantibodies in transfused individuals with SCD, especially for Rh and Kell antigens. As a result, the National Institutes of Health Expert Panel and British Society for Haematology guidelines recommend primary matching for C/c, E/e and K antigens in addition to ABO/RhD for RBC transfusions...
January 2019: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Annemarie E Fogerty
Thrombocytopenia is a common hematologic issue encountered by obstetricians and hematologists, detected in about 10% of all pregnancies. In the vast majority of cases, the thrombocytopenia will be attributed to gestational thrombocytopenia (GT), where the thrombocytopenia is mild, does not necessitate active management, and does not introduce maternal or fetal bleeding risk. Although GT is common, the specific mechanism responsible for it is not known with certainty, and therefore, differentiating it from other causes of thrombocytopenia can be challenging...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Sunny Dzik
Although James Blundell is rightly acknowledged as the father of modern transfusion therapy, a review of the events surrounding the initial human-to-human transfusions in the first decades of the 19th century reveals substantial contributions by Blundell's collaborators. Bundell's uncle John Haighton provided substantial support for animal experimentation in the growing field of physiology studies. John Leacock of Barbados provided the essential original experiments that focused the path of investigation on within-species transfusions...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Lucy Neave, Marie Scully
Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) are associated with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, resulting in microvascular thrombosis and end-organ damage. In pregnancy, this may be the result of pregnancy-related TMAs such as preeclampsia; hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets; or pregnancy-associated TMAs, specifically thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) or complement-mediated hemolytic uremic syndrome (CM HUS). TTP and CM HUS are rare disorders, and their diagnosis may be missed, no less because features at presentation may be misdiagnosed as a pregnancy-related TMA, such as hypertension, proteinuria, fetal growth restriction, or in utero fetal death...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Barbara A Konkle, Annemarie E Fogerty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Bethany Samuelson Bannow, Barbara A Konkle
Inherited bleeding disorders increase the risk of bleeding in the obstetric patient. Randomized controlled trials to compare prophylactic or therapeutic interventions are rare, and guidance documents rely heavily on expert opinion. Here we report the results of a systematic review of the literature for the treatment and prevention of peripartum bleeding in women with an inherited bleeding disorder. The highest-quality evidence is for the use of tranexamic acid in postpartum hemorrhage, which has been shown to decrease bleeding-related mortality in women without bleeding disorders...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Jennifer Webb, Meghan Delaney
Alloimmunization to red blood cell (RBC) antigens represents a challenge for physicians caring for women of child bearing potential. Exposure to non-self RBC antigens may occur during transfusion or pregnancy leading to the development of antibodies. If a subsequent fetus bears that antigen, maternal antibodies may attack the fetal red blood cells causing red cell destruction and clinically significant hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). In the most severe cases, HDFN may result in intrauterine fetal demise due to high output cardiac failure, effusions and ascites, known as "hydrops fetalis"...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Bryon Jackson, Ross Fasano, John Roback
The role of prophylactic transfusion therapy for the treatment of sickle cell disease during pregnancy is unclear. An analysis of the existing literature shows a limited number of publications that address this issue and specifically compare clinical outcomes in this population based on a treatment strategy of prophylactic transfusion versus transfusion only for clinical indications (on-demand transfusion). The existing studies show a wide variation in study design and outcomes measured. The results of this analysis suggest that there are insufficient data to support a clinically significant difference in morbidity and mortality outcomes based on transfusion strategy...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Robert A DeSimone, Wendy K Leung, Joseph Schwartz
The increasing incidence of placenta accreta has paralleled the rise in its greatest risk factor: cesarean delivery. In placenta accreta, the abnormal invasion of the chorionic villi into the myometrium prevents separation of the placenta at delivery, and the myometrium is unable to contract to prevent hemorrhage. Spontaneous uterine rupture and hemoperitoneum may also occur in the setting of placenta percreta. The average blood loss during a delivery complicated by placenta accreta is 2 to 5 L, compared to less than 0...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Kerry L O'Brien, Scott A Shainker, Evelyn L Lockhart
Obstetric hemorrhage is one of the leading, as well as one of the most treatable, causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. As obstetric hemorrhage often occurs in patients without risk factors, there is virtually unanimous agreement from obstetric professional societies to establish obstetric hemorrhage protocols in anticipation of these emergencies. These protocols involve multidisciplinary teams in which the transfusion service plays an essential and vital role. This manuscript will examine the epidemiology of obstetric hemorrhage, risk factors that may be present, and recommendations for these protocols, with a focus on massive transfusion protocols, laboratory testing, cell salvage and use of pharmacologic adjuvant therapy including tranexamic acid and factor concentrates...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Tik Nga Tong, Selena Cen, Donald R Branch
Serologic testing using the indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) is known to be insufficient to determine the clinical significance or insignificance of a given antibody to red blood cells (RBC), particularly in cases of antibodies to high-prevalence antigens, such as anti-Ge or anti-Yta . An in vitro functional cellular assay, the monocyte monolayer assay (MMA), has been studied for more than 40 years for its potential use to differentiate between clinically significant and insignificant RBC antibodies. The MMA has recently been used to select donor blood for transfusion into patients having a serologically incompatible crossmatch, without any obvious sequalae...
August 8, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Phillip Staibano, Iris Perelman, Julia Lombardi, Alexandra Davis, Alan Tinmouth, Marc Carrier, Ciara Stevenson, Elianna Saidenberg
Anemia is a frequently diagnosed condition that may be a symptom of or complication of many illnesses affecting patients of all demographics. Anemia can lead to both worsened clinical outcomes and reduced quality of life. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are methodological tools used to capture the impact of disease on patient well-being. Use of PROMs in medical research is becoming more common as it is increasingly recognized that disease outcomes of interest to researchers and clinicians are not always consistent with patients' greatest concerns related to their diseases...
July 12, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Hendrik B Feys, Britt Van Aelst, Veerle Compernolle
Pathogen inactivation (PI) for platelet concentrates (PC) is a fairly recent development in transfusion medicine that is intended to decrease infectious disease transmission from the donor to the receiving patient. Effective inactivation of viruses, bacteria and eukaryotic parasites adds a layer of safety, protecting the blood supply against customary and emerging pathogens. Three PI methods have been described for platelets. These are based on photochemical damage of nucleic acids which prevents replication of most infectious pathogens and contaminating donor leukocytes...
June 27, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Katerina Pavenski, Simon Stanworth, Mark Fung, Erica M Wood, Joanne Pink, Michael F Murphy, Heather Hume, Susan Nahirniak, Kathryn E Webert, Susano Tanael, Denise Landry, Nadine Shehata
Many transfusion guidelines are available, but little appraisal of their quality has been undertaken. The quality of guidelines may potentially influence adoption. Our aim was to determine the quality of evidence-based transfusion guidelines (EBG) for red cells and plasma, using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and assess duplication and consistency of recommendations. MEDLINE and EMBASE were systematically searched for EBG from 2005 to June 3, 2016. Citations were reviewed for inclusion in duplicate...
June 1, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Kazuhiko Ikeda, Hitoshi Ohto, Yoshiki Okuyama, Minami Yamada-Fujiwara, Heiwa Kanamori, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kazuo Muroi, Takehiko Mori, Kinuyo Kasama, Tohru Iseki, Tokiko Nagamura-Inoue, Nobuharu Fujii, Takashi Ashida, Kazuaki Kameda, Junya Kanda, Asao Hirose, Tsutomu Takahashi, Kazuhiro Nagai, Keiji Minakawa, Ryuji Tanosaki
Adverse events (AEs) associated with blood transfusions, including component-specific red cell, platelet, and plasma products, have been extensively surveyed. In contrast, surveillance of AEs associated with hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) products in HSC transplantation (HSCT) has been less rigorous, even though HSC products include a diversity of immature and mature hematopoietic cells, substantial plasma, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the case of cryopreserved HSC products. HSC infusion-related AEs have been attributed to DMSO toxicity, but AEs associated with the infusion of noncryopreserved HSC products are not uncommon...
June 1, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Alan T Nurden
Patients with the inherited bleeding disorder Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) possess platelets that lack αIIbβ3 integrin and fail to aggregate, and have moderate to severe mucocutaneous bleeding. Many become refractory to platelet transfusions due to the formation of isoantibodies to αIIbβ3 with the rapid elimination of donor platelets and/or a block of function. Epitope characterization has shown isoantibodies to be polyclonal and to recognize different epitopes on the integrin with β3 a major site and αvβ3 on endothelial and vascular cells a newly recognized target...
May 23, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
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