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Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727181/abstracts
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675535/letter-to-the-editor
#2
LETTER
A Willems, D Paepe, S Daminet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675469/letter-to-the-editor
#3
LETTER
B McKenzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661019/prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-equine-nasopharyngeal-and-guttural-pouch-wash-samples
#4
A G Boyle, S C Rankin, L A Duffee, D Morris
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is recognized as a cause of nosocomial infections in both human and veterinary medicine. Studies that examine the nasopharynx and guttural pouches of the horse as carriage sites for MRSA have not been reported. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: MRSA colonizes the nasopharynx and guttural pouch of horses. To determine the prevalence of MRSA in equine nasopharyngeal wash (NPW) and guttural pouch lavage (GPL) samples in a field population of horses...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661009/the-effect-of-geographic-location-on-circannual-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-plasma-concentrations-in-horses-in-australia
#5
C J Secombe, R H H Tan, D I Perara, D P Byrne, S P Watts, J G Wearn
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal evaluation of plasma endogenous ACTH concentration in clinically normal horses has not been investigated in the Southern Hemisphere. OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally determine monthly upper reference limits for plasma ACTH in 2 disparate Australian geographic locations and to examine whether location affected the circannual rhythm of endogenous ACTH in the 2 groups of horses over a 12-month period. ANIMALS: Clinically normal horses <20 years of age from 4 properties (institutional herd and client owned animals) in Perth (n = 40) and Townsville (n = 41) were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703447/chronic-diarrhea-in-dogs-retrospective-study-in-136-cases
#6
M Volkmann, J M Steiner, G T Fosgate, J Zentek, S Hartmann, B Kohn
BACKGROUND: Chronic diarrhea (CD) is common in dogs, and information on frequency and distribution of primary and secondary causes is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate underlying causes and predictors of outcome in dogs with CD. ANIMALS: One hundred and thirty-six client-owned dogs with CD (≥3 weeks duration). METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records (Small Animal Clinic, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany, 09/2009-07/2011)...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703446/paroxysmal-dyskinesia-in-border-terriers-clinical-epidemiological-and-genetic-investigations
#7
Q E M Stassen, L L E Koskinen, F G van Steenbeek, E H Seppälä, T S Jokinen, P G M Prins, H G J Bok, M M J M Zandvliet, M Vos-Loohuis, P A J Leegwater, H Lohi
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, a disorder characterized by episodes of involuntary movements and dystonia has been recognized in Border Terriers. OBJECTIVES: To define clinical features of paroxysmal dyskinesia (PD) in a large number of Border Terriers and to study the genetics of the disease. ANIMALS: 110 affected and 128 unaffected client-owned Border Terriers. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding clinical characteristics of PD was designed at Utrecht University and the University of Helsinki...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703445/erratum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669137/effects-of-benazepril-on-survival-of-dogs-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-multicenter-randomized-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
J N King, A Font, J-F Rousselot, R A Ash, U Bonfanti, C Brovida, I D Crowe, D Lanore, D Pechereau, W Seewald, G Strehlau
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy in prolonging survival and safety of benazepril administration to dogs with CKD. ANIMALS: Forty-nine client-owned dogs with CKD. METHODS: Dogs were randomized to benazepril (0.25 to <0.5 mg/kg) or placebo once daily for up to 2 years in a prospective, multicenter, blinded clinical trial...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627123/pharmacokinetics-and-relative-bioavailability-of-orally-administered-innovator-formulated-itraconazole-capsules-and-solution-in-healthy-dogs
#10
A E Hasbach, D K Langlois, E J Rosser, M G Papich
BACKGROUND: Itraconazole is commonly used for treatment of systemic and cutaneous mycoses in veterinary medicine. Two formulations, capsule and solution, are used interchangeably in dogs. However, marked differences in bioavailability have been reported in other species. Similar investigations have not been performed in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare pharmacokinetics of itraconazole in dogs after oral administration of commercially available capsule and solution formulations intended for use in humans...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626960/whole-blood-taurine-concentrations-in-cats-with-intestinal-disease
#11
A Kathrani, A J Fascetti, J A Larsen, C Maunder, E J Hall
BACKGROUND: Increased delivery of taurine-conjugated bile acids to the distal bowel can lead to dysbiosis resulting in colitis in mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease. A similar situation also could occur in cats with intestinal disease and might therefore result in decreased whole-body taurine concentration. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine whether whole-blood taurine concentrations are decreased at the time of diagnosis in cats with intestinal disease and to correlate concentrations with clinical and laboratory variables...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626958/letter-to-the-editor
#12
LETTER
P R Fox, M D Kittleson, C Basso, G Thiene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626919/letter-to-the-editor
#13
LETTER
T Ishikawa, N Makita, H Aoki, Y Saida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626891/evaluation-of-serum-3-bromotyrosine-concentrations-in-dogs-with-steroid-responsive-diarrhea-and-food-responsive-diarrhea
#14
P Sattasathuchana, K Allenspach, R Lopes, J S Suchodolski, J M Steiner
BACKGROUND: The clinical usefulness of serum 3-BrY concentrations for subclassifying dogs with food-responsive diarrhea (FRD) and steroid-responsive diarrhea (SRD) has not been studied. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To compare serum 3-BrY concentrations in dogs with FRD, dogs with SRD, and healthy control dogs. ANIMALS: 38 dogs with FRD, 14 dogs with SRD, and 46 healthy dogs. METHODS: Prospective study. Measurement of 3-BrY concentration in serum samples was performed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625019/efficacy-of-azithromycin-and-compounded-atovaquone-for-treatment-of-babesia-gibsoni-in-dogs
#15
S K Kirk, J K Levy, P C Crawford
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of dogs confiscated during dogfighting investigations are infected with Babesia gibsoni. Traditional management of B. gibsoni with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-screening, treatment with commercially available azithromycin and atovaquone, and PCR testing after 60 and 90 days is costly and impractical for large numbers of dogs at a time. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an alternative protocol in which commercial atovaquone was replaced by compounded medication and PCR monitoring was initiated at 30 days after the end of treatment to decrease the total management time...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617995/investigation-of-an-n-terminal-prohormone-of-brain-natriuretic-peptide-point-of-care-elisa-in-clinically-normal-cats-and-cats-with-cardiac-disease
#16
A N Harris, S S Beatty, A H Estrada, B Winter, M Bohannon, I Sosa, J Hanscom, C A Mainville, A E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations may be increased in cats with various cardiac disorders. The point-of-care (POC) ELISA assay uses the same biologic reagents as the quantitative NT-proBNP ELISA. Previous studies have evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the POC ELISA in cats with cardiac disease. OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic utility of the POC ELISA in a select population of cats...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612380/breed-coat-color-and-hair-length-as-risk-factors-for-hyperthyroidism-in-cats
#17
V J Crossley, A Debnath, Y M Chang, R C Fowkes, J Elliott, H M Syme
BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroidism is very common in older cats, but the etiopathogenesis is poorly understood. Decreased risk of hyperthyroidism has been reported in certain colorpoint breeds, and this observation previously has been hypothesized to result from relatively greater tyrosine availability for thyroid hormone production because of limited ability to convert tyrosine to melanin pigment. However, studies investigating a potential link between coat pigmentation and risk of hyperthyroidism are limited...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608635/cardiac-and-metabolic-variables-in-obese-dogs
#18
M Tropf, O L Nelson, P M Lee, H Y Weng
BACKGROUND: The etiology of obesity-related cardiac dysfunction (ORCD) is linked to metabolic syndrome in people. Studies have indicated that obese dogs have components of metabolic syndrome, warranting evaluation for ORCD in obese dogs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiac structure and function and metabolic variables in obese dogs compared to ideal weight dogs. ANIMALS: Forty-six healthy, small-breed (<25 pounds), obese dogs (n = 29) compared to ideal weight dogs (n = 17)...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608577/use-of-a-granulocyte-immunofluorescence-assay-designed-for-humans-for-detection-of-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibodies-in-dogs-with-chronic-enteropathies
#19
J Florey, A Viall, S Streu, V DiMuro, A Riddle, J Kirk, L Perazzotti, K Affeldt, R Wagner, S Vaden, T Harris, K Allenspach
BACKGROUND: Perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (pANCA) previously have been shown to be serum markers in dogs with chronic enteropathies, with dogs that have food-responsive disease (FRD) having higher frequencies of seropositivity than dogs with steroid-responsive disease (SRD). The indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) assay used in previous publications is time-consuming to perform, with low interobserver agreement. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a commercially available granulocyte IIF assay designed for humans could be used to detect perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in dogs...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602021/evaluation-of-mollicutes-microorganisms-in-respiratory-disease-of-cattle-and-their-relationship-to-clinical-signs
#20
G Tortorelli, N Carrillo Gaeta, B L Mendonça Ribeiro, L Miranda Marques, J Timenetsky, L Gregory
BACKGROUND: Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an important problem in cattle production that is responsible for economic losses in dairy herds. Mycoplasma spp. are described as an important etiological agent of BRD. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the occurrence of the most important mycoplasmas in the lower respiratory tract of healthy and BRD cattle in relationship to clinical signs of BRD. ANIMALS: Sixty young dairy cattle were classified as healthy (n = 32) or cattle showing clinical signs of BRD (n = 28)...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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