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Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097681/thromboelastography-in-dogs-with-chronic-hepatopathies
#1
W Fry, C Lester, N M Etedali, S Shaw, A DeLaforcade, C R L Webster
BACKGROUND: The coagulation status of dogs with liver disease is difficult to predict using conventional coagulation testing. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate thromboelastography (TEG) results and associations with conventional coagulation results and indicators of disease severity and prognosis in dogs with chronic hepatopathies (CH). ANIMALS: Twenty-one client-owned dogs. METHODS: Dogs with CH were prospectively (10 dogs) and retrospectively (11 dogs) enrolled from 2008 to 2014...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090682/pituitary-macrotumor-causing-narcolepsy-cataplexy-in-a-dachshund
#2
S Schmid, A Hodshon, S Olin, I Pfeiffer, S Hecht
Familial narcolepsy secondary to breed-specific mutations in the hypocretin receptor 2 gene and sporadic narcolepsy associated with hypocretin ligand deficiencies occur in dogs. In this report, a pituitary mass is described as a unique cause of narcolepsy-cataplexy in a dog. A 6-year-old male neutered Dachshund had presented for acute onset of feeding-induced cataplexy and was found to have a pituitary macrotumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cerebral spinal fluid hypocretin-1 levels were normal, indicating that tumor effect on the ventral lateral nucleus of the hypothalamus was not the cause of the dog's narcolepsy-cataplexy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079274/abstracts
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064467/clinical-relationship-between-cholestatic-disease-and-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism-in-dogs-a-retrospective-case-series
#4
K-H Kim, S-M Han, K-O Jeon, H-T Kim, Q Li, M-O Ryu, W-J Song, S-C Park, H-Y Youn
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of cholestatic disease, including gallbladder mucocele (GBM), has been reported in dogs with naturally occurring pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Differences exist in the clinical features of dogs with PDH and concurrent cholestatic disease, and also is the management of these dogs with trilostane. ANIMALS: Sixty-five client-owned dogs with naturally occurring PDH. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational case series...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054393/degenerative-valvular-disease-in-the-cavalier-king-charles-spaniel-results-of-the-uk-breed-scheme-1991-2010
#5
S Swift, A Baldin, P Cripps
BACKGROUND: Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCSs) are predisposed to degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) and studies have indicated a genetic cause. ANIMALS: A total of 8,860 CKCSs were examined at shows or private clinics from 1991 to 2010. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of a breed scheme for CKCS on the age at which a murmur consistent with DMVD was first detected. METHODS: The presence or absence of a murmur consistent with mitral regurgitation was noted and age a murmur was first detected recorded...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044371/letter-to-the-editor
#6
LETTER
M Chigerwe, M Aleman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044365/clinical-implications-and-hospital-outcome-of-immune-mediated-myositis-in-horses
#7
L Hunyadi, E A Sundman, P H Kass, D C Williams, M Aleman
BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated myositis (IMM) is a cause of rhabdomyolysis, stiffness, and muscle atrophy predominantly affecting Quarter horses. Limited information is available with regard to outcome, prognostic indicators, and associations with concurrent diseases. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To report outcomes and associations between outcome and clinical and laboratory parameters, and presence of concurrent illness. ANIMALS: Sixty-eight horses; 52 Quarter horses and related breeds and 16 other breeds...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044356/abstracts
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039907/letter-to-the-editor
#9
LETTER
G M Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032399/increased-leptin-and-leptin-receptor-expression-in-dogs-with-gallbladder-mucocele
#10
S Lee, O-K Kweon, W H Kim
BACKGROUND: Leptin and its receptor play a role in several disease processes such as pancreatitis and heart disease. However, their association with gallbladder mucocele (GBM) in dogs has not been reported. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate differences in the expression of leptin and leptin receptor between dogs with and without GBM. ANIMALS: Twenty-five healthy dogs, including 9 laboratory beagle dogs, and 22 client-owned dogs with GBM. METHODS: Serum leptin concentration was determined in blood samples of all dogs by ELISA...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032360/the-utility-of-acute-phase-proteins-in-the-assessment-of-treatment-response-in-dogs-with-bacterial-pneumonia
#11
S J Viitanen, A K Lappalainen, M B Christensen, S Sankari, M M Rajamäki
BACKGROUND: Acute-phase proteins (APPs) are sensitive markers of inflammation, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) recently has been shown to be a useful diagnostic marker in dogs with bacterial pneumonia (BP). In humans with community-acquired pneumonia, APPs also have great utility as follow-up markers aiding in the assessment of treatment response. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the applicability of APPs as markers of treatment response in dogs with BP...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019047/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-in-cats-with-naturally-occurring-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
I-C Wang, W-L Hsu, P-H Wu, H-Y Yin, H-J Tsai, Y-J Lee
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a biomarker for the early prediction of renal damage and the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and dogs. HYPOTHESIS: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin also may play a role in the progression of CKD in cats. ANIMALS: Eighty CKD and 18 control cats. METHODS: Cats were categorized into different stages according to the International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) staging system...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019044/severity-of-nasal-inflammatory-disease-questionnaire-for-canine-idiopathic-rhinitis-control-instrument-development-and-initial-validity-evidence
#13
L M Greene, K D Royal, J M Bradley, B D X Lascelles, L R Johnson, E C Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Effective treatments are needed for idiopathic chronic rhinitis in dogs, but assessment of efficacy requires a practical, quantifiable method for assessing severity of disease. OBJECTIVES: To develop and perform initial validity and reliability testing of an owner-completed questionnaire for assessing clinical signs and dog and owner quality of life (QOL) in canine chronic rhinitis. ANIMALS: Twenty-two dogs with histopathologically confirmed chronic rhinitis and 72 healthy dogs...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019038/proteinuria-in-apparently-healthy-elderly-dogs-persistency-and-comparison-between-free-catch-and-cystocentesis-urine
#14
S J J Marynissen, A L Willems, D Paepe, P M Y Smets, P Picavet, L Duchateau, S Daminet
BACKGROUND: Up to 25% of elderly humans have proteinuria, often associated with underlying lesions. Data concerning the presence of proteinuria in elderly dogs is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence and persistence of proteinuria and to compare urinary protein : creatinine ratio (UPC) between free catch and cystocentesis urine samples in apparently healthy elderly dogs. ANIMALS: Hundred apparently healthy elderly dogs. METHODS: Prospective study...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019037/effect-of-dexamethasone-on-resting-blood-lactate-concentrations-in-horses
#15
K Mizen, J Woodman, S R Boysen, C Wagg, P Greco-Otto, R Léguillette, M-F Roy
BACKGROUND: Blood lactate concentration is a marker of tissue perfusion and helps guide therapeutic interventions in critically ill horses. In both humans and dogs, administration of corticosteroids can increase blood lactate concentration, leading to type B hyperlactatemia. This effect could be a consequence of the impact of corticosteroids on glucose metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of daily IM dexamethasone administration on blood lactate and glucose concentrations in horses...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008682/homozygous-ppt1-splice-donor-mutation-in-a-cane-corso-dog-with-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis
#16
A Kolicheski, H L Barnes Heller, S Arnold, R D Schnabel, J F Taylor, C A Knox, T Mhlanga-Mutangadura, D P O'Brien, G S Johnson, J Dreyfus, M L Katz
A 10-month-old spayed female Cane Corso dog was evaluated after a 2-month history of progressive blindness, ataxia, and lethargy. Neurologic examination abnormalities indicated a multifocal lesion with primarily cerebral and cerebellar signs. Clinical worsening resulted in humane euthanasia. On necropsy, there was marked astrogliosis throughout white matter tracts of the cerebrum, most prominently in the corpus callosum. In the cerebral cortex and midbrain, most neurons contained large amounts of autofluorescent storage material in the perinuclear area of the cells...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997731/the-effect-of-inadequate-presample-blood-volume-withdrawal-from-intravenous-catheter-and-extension-sets-on-measured-circulating-l-blood-lactate-concentration-in-horses-receiving-lactated-ringer-s-solution
#17
F J Marqués, S Higgins, R Chapuis, C Waldner
BACKGROUND: Circulating l-lactate concentration is commonly measured in hospitalized horses by sampling from indwelling intravenous (IV) catheters. However, there are no published evidence-based recommendations to prevent contamination by lactated Ringer's solution (LRS). HYPOTHESIS: Withdrawing 10 mL of blood from the LRS-containing extension set connected to the IV catheter before obtaining the sample for analysis should be adequate to obtain accurate measurement of blood lactate concentration (BLC)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914106/effect-of-cranberry-extract-on-the-frequency-of-bacteriuria-in-dogs-with-acute-thoracolumbar-disk-herniation-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
N J Olby, S L Vaden, K Williams, E H Griffith, T Harris, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, P J Early, S R Platt, L Boozer, C Giovanella, R Longshore
BACKGROUND: Dogs with spinal cord injury are at increased risk of developing bacteriuria due to increased residual urine volume. Cranberry extract inhibits binding of E. coli to uroepithelial cells, potentially reducing risk of bacteriuria. HYPOTHESIS: Cranberry extract reduces risk of bacteriuria in dogs after acute TL-IVDH. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with acute onset TL-IVDH causing nonambulatory status. METHODS: Randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded, prospective clinical trial...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911985/hemorrhagic-hemostatic-and-thromboelastometric-disorders-in-35-dogs-with-a-clinical-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis-a-prospective-study
#19
A Barthélemy, M Magnin, C Pouzot-Nevoret, J-M Bonnet-Garin, M Hugonnard, I Goy-Thollot
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis in dogs is occasionally associated with a hemorrhagic syndrome, the pathophysiology of which is not fully understood. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To characterize hematologic, hemostatic, and thromboelastometric abnormalities in dogs with leptospirosis and to study their association with hemorrhagic diatheses and outcomes. ANIMALS: Thirty-five client-owned dogs. METHODS: A prospective observational single cohort study was conducted...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906477/blood-pressure-measurements-in-780-apparently-healthy-cats
#20
J R Payne, D C Brodbelt, V Luis Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Mean systolic blood pressure in apparently healthy cats has been reported as approximately 125 mmHg using direct assessment, but there is greater variability in reported values using indirect assessment. Increasing age and the white-coat effect are associated with increased systolic blood pressure. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To report Doppler-derived blood pressure measurements from a large population of apparently healthy cats and to assess epidemiologic factors associated with recorded blood pressures...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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