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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920561/the-care-of-older-adults-experiencing-cognitive-challenges-how-interprofessional-teams-collaborate
#1
Sherry Dahlke, Salima Meherali, Thane Chambers, Rosalie Freund-Heritage, Kim Steil, Adrian Wagg
We conducted a scoping study to examine how interprofessional health care teams improve the outcomes of older adults experiencing cognitive challenges. We searched Ovid, Medline 1946, and MEDLINE In-Process and other non-indexed citations, using the concepts multi or interdisciplinary care teams, confusion or cognitive impairment, and elderly adults. Of 4,554 articles the review yielded, 34 relevant to our inquiry, using Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework. Twenty-nine per cent of authors reported on the processes interprofessional teams use to achieve positive outcomes for older adults...
September 18, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914223/educator-readiness-to-improve-gerontological-curricula-in-health-and-social-service-education
#2
Lynn McCleary, Veronique Boscart, Peter Donahue, Kelsey Harvey
This study investigated the state of gerontology content in health and social service education programs in Ontario, and readiness indicators for change among administrators and faculty. We conducted a survey of teaching faculty (n = 100) and deans or directors (n = 56) of 89 education programs, which revealed mixed evidence on readiness for change. Most respondents thought their programs were adequate but needed enhancement. However, they were unaware of published gerontological competencies with which to evaluate their curricula...
September 15, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903796/measurement-of-fall-prevention-awareness-and-behaviours-among-older-adults-at-home
#3
Katherine Russell, Darcie Taing, Jacqueline Roy
This study surveyed awareness of, and adherence to, six national fall prevention recommendations among community-dwelling older adults (n = 1050) in Ottawa. Although 76 per cent of respondents agreed falling is a concern and preventable, fewer perceived susceptibility to falling (63%). Respondents had high awareness that home modifications and physical activity can prevent falls. Reported modifications included grab bars (50%), night lights (44%), and raised toilet seats (19%). Half met aerobic activity recommendations; 38 per cent met strength recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747236/broadening-end-of-life-comfort-to-improve-palliative-care-practices-in-long-term-care
#4
Tamara Sussman, Sharon Kaasalainen, Susan Mintzberg, Shane Sinclair, Laurel Young, Jenny Ploeg, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin, Genevieve Thompson, Lorraine Venturato, Marie Earl, Patricia Strachan, John J You, Robin Bonifas, Margaret McKee
This study aimed to (1) explore how palliative care in long-term care (LTC) addresses the tensions associated with caring for the living and dying within one care community, and (2) to inform how palliative care practices may be improved to better address the needs of all residents living and dying in LTC as well as those of the families and support staff. This article reports findings from 19 focus groups and 117 participants. Study findings reveal that LTC home staff, resident, and family perspectives of end-of-life comfort applied to those who were actively dying and to their families...
July 27, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745265/when-the-rising-tide-impacts-the-world-addressing-the-global-challenge-of-dementia
#5
Flamine Alary, Joanne Goldberg, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693634/gender-and-relationship-status-interaction-and-likelihood-of-return-to-work-post-retirement
#6
Jason Settels, Julie McMullin
Population aging is an issue of mounting importance throughout the industrialized world. Concerns over labour force shortages have led to policies that prolong working life. Accordingly, present-day workforce participation patterns of older individuals are extensively varied. This study utilized the 2007 General Social Survey to examine factors associated with post-retirement paid work, focusing on the interaction between gender and relationship status, among Canadians aged 50 to 74 who had retired at least once...
July 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679459/factors-associated-with-residential-long-term-care-wait-list-placement-in-north-west-ontario
#7
Audrey Laporte, Adrian Rohit Dass, Kerry Kuluski, Allie Peckham, Whitney Berta, Janet Lum, A Paul Williams
This article is based on a study that investigated factors associated with long-term care wait list placement in Ontario, Canada. We based the study's analysis on Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) data for 2014 in the North West Local Health Integration Network (LHIN). Our analysis quantified the contribution of three factors on the likelihood of wait list placement: (1) care recipient, (2) informal caregiver, and (3) formal system. We find that all three factors are significantly related to wait list placement...
July 6, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673373/quand-le-raz-de-mar%C3%A3-e-a-un-impact-mondial-s-attaquer-au-d%C3%A3-fi-plan%C3%A3-taire-de-la-d%C3%A3-mence
#8
Flamine Alary, Joanne Goldberg, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669374/reconciling-marriage-and-care-after-stroke
#9
Sharon Anderson, Norah Keating, Donna Wilson
Most research on stroke's impact on couples has focused on the transition to caregiving/receiving. Despite considerable evidence that marriage is the primary source of support in the face of chronic conditions, little is known about what happens to marriage in the context of care after stroke. To address this gap, we undertook a qualitative grounded-theory study of 18 couples in which one partner had experienced a stroke. Findings revealed two interrelated themes of the couple processes: working out care, which involved discovering and addressing disruptions in day-to-day activities; and rethinking marriage, which involved determining the meaning of their relationship within the new context of care and disability...
July 3, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641591/foucault-retires-to-the-gym-understanding-embodied-aging-in-the-third-age
#10
Kristi A Allain, Barbara Marshall
In light of recent social pressures leading to a reimagining of the "Third Age" as a time of constant activity rather than repose and relaxation, this article explores the pressure on individuals to age "successfully" by engaging in physical activity in later life. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 retired or semi-retired gym-goers (eight women and seven men), the article examines how this call to increased activity impacts the ways active mid-life and older adults understand themselves and others...
June 23, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637518/non-digital-game-playing-by-older-adults
#11
W Ben Mortenson, Andrew Sixsmith, David Kaufman
Research on video games' effect on cognition and behaviour has been extensive, yet little research has explored non-digital forms of game playing, especially among older adults. As part of a larger survey on game playing, 886 respondents (≥ age 55) filled out questionnaires about non-digital game play. The study aims were to determine perceived benefits of non-digital game play and to determine socio-demographic factors that might predict perceived benefits. Survey results indicate that non-digital game playing is social in nature and common (73% of respondents) among older adults...
June 22, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485269/perceived-support-and-the-retirement-expectations-of-sexual-minority-adults
#12
Steven E Mock, Emily Schryer
Despite the importance of retirement planning among an aging population, little is known about the retirement planning of sexual minority adults (e.g., gay, lesbian, bisexual) and their potentially unique challenges. We compared retirement planning perceptions of these adults with heterosexual adults and examined the potential role of social support. There were no significant differences between sexual minorities and heterosexual adults regarding their expected retirement age, certainty of retirement age, and anticipated income adequacy in retirement, and higher levels of perceived support were associated with younger anticipated retirement age and greater certainty in retirement planning perceptions...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420453/golden-years-or-retirement-fears-private-pension-inequality-among-canada-s-immigrants
#13
Josh Curtis, Naomi Lightman
Currently, many immigrants are disqualified from Canada's public pension scheme because of residency requirements. In addition, decades of low income and labour market exclusion prohibit many Canadian immigrants from building adequate private pension savings throughout their working life. Together, these factors present serious concerns for immigrant seniors' economic well-being. Using Canadian census data spanning a twenty-year period (1991-2011), we find that income from personal savings plans and investments has declined sharply for both native-born and immigrant Canadians, with recent immigrant cohorts faring worst...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412982/social-isolation-in-chinese-older-adults-scoping-review-for-age-friendly-community-planning
#14
M Anum Syed, Lynn McDonald, Corinne Smirle, Karen Lau, Raza M Mirza, Sander L Hitzig
Chinese older adults may be at increased risk of social isolation and loneliness, and a fragmented understanding exists about the challenges they face for social participation in their neighbourhoods and communities. A scoping review was undertaken to describe the current knowledge on social isolation and loneliness in urban-dwelling Chinese older adults living in Western societies to inform future research, practice, and policy in Canada. Nineteen articles met the inclusion criteria. The World Health Organization's age-friendly community framework contextualized the study findings...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399951/research-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-elder-abuse-prevalence-studies
#15
Yongjie Yon, Christopher Mikton, Zachary D Gassoumis, Kathleen H Wilber
Elder abuse is an important public health and human rights issue, yet its true extent is not well understood. To address this, we will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of elder abuse prevalence studies from around the world. This protocol describes the methodological approach to be adopted for conducting this systematic review and meta-analysis. In particular, the protocol describes the search strategies and eligibility criteria to be used to identify and select studies and how data from the selected studies will be extracted for analysis...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390449/snow-and-rain-modify-neighbourhood-walkability-for-older-adults
#16
Philippa Clarke, Jana A Hirsch, Robert Melendez, Meghan Winters, Joanie Sims Gould, Maureen Ashe, Sarah Furst, Heather McKay
The literature has documented a positive relationship between walkable built environments and outdoor mobility in older adults. Yet, surprisingly absent is any consideration of how weather conditions modify the impact of neighbourhood walkability. Using archived weather data linked to survey data collected from a sample of older adults in Vancouver, Canada, we found that car-dependent neighbourhoods (featuring longer block lengths, fewer intersections, and greater distance to amenities) became inaccessible in snow...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366176/walk-the-talk-characterizing-mobility-in-older-adults-living-on-low-income
#17
Anna M Chudyk, Joanie Sims-Gould, Maureen C Ashe, Meghan Winters, Heather A McKay
We provide an in-depth description of the mobility (capacity and enacted function, i.e., physical activity and travel behaviour) of community-dwelling older adults of low socioeconomic status. Participants [n = 161, mean age (range) = 74 (65-96) years] completed interviewer-administered questionnaires and objective measures of mobility. Our findings did not generally indicate that older adults of low socioeconomic status have a reduced capacity to be mobile. Participants presented with positive profiles across physical, psychosocial, and social environment domains that influence the capacity to be mobile...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349859/mental-health-experiences-of-older-adults-living-with-hiv-uncertainty-stigma-and-approaches-to-resilience
#18
Charles Furlotte, Karen Schwartz
This study describes the mental health experiences of older adults living with HIV in Ottawa. Eleven participants aged 52 to 67 completed in-depth personal interviews. Mental health concerns pervaded the lives of these older adults. We identified three central themes common to the participants' stories: uncertainty, stigma, and resilience. For some of these participants, uncertainty impacting mental health centred on unexpected survival; interpretation of one's symptoms; and medical uncertainty. Participants' experiences of stigma included discrimination in health care interactions; misinformation; feeling stigmatized due to aspects of their physical appearance; compounded stigma; and anticipated stigma...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349856/older-adult-spouses-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-challenges-rewards-and-coping-strategies
#19
Shelley Peacock, Bharati Sethi, Allison Williams, Wendy Duggleby, Melanie Bayly, Jenny Swindle, Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid
There is a paucity of research exploring how spouses to older adults with multiple chronic conditions make meaning of their caregiving experience. For this study, we asked: What is the experience of spousal caregivers to persons with multiple chronic conditions? We applied Thorne's interpretive description approach, interviewing 18 spouses who provided a rich description of their caregiving experience; interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed. Themes were categorized according to challenges encountered, rewards gleaned, and sustaining strategies employed by participants in caregiving to their spouse with multiple chronic conditions...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322176/gender-regimes-in-ontario-nursing-homes-organization-daily-work-and-bodies
#20
Palle Storm, Susan Braedley, Sally Chivers
Today more men work in the long-term care sector, but men are still in the minority. Little is known about men's experiences in care work, and the dilemmas and opportunities they face because of their gender. This article focuses on men care workers' integration into the organization and flow of nursing home work as perceived by these workers and staff members. Using a rapid ethnography method in two Ontario nursing homes, we found work organization affected interpretations of gender and race, and that workers' scope for discretion affected the integration and acceptance of men as care workers...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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