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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806738/an-existential-perspective-on-death-anxiety-retirement-and-related-research-problems
#1
John W Osborne
Aspects of existentialism relevant to existence and death anxiety (DA) are discussed. Included are the "thrownness" of existence, being-with-others, the motivational influence of inevitable death, the search for meaning, making the most of existence by taking responsibility for one's own life, and coping with existential isolation. The attempted separation of DA from object anxiety is a significant difficulty. The correlations among age, gender, and DA are variable. Personality and role-oriented problems in the transition to retirement are discussed along with Erikson's notion of "generativity" as an expression of the energy and purpose of mid-life...
November 3, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779090/a-novel-examination-of-successful-aging-trajectories-at-the-end-of-life
#2
Theodore D Cosco, Blossom C M Stephan, Graciela Muniz, Carol Brayne
A successful aging (SA) index was captured in a longitudinal population-based cohort study of individuals aged 75 and older and examined longitudinally using growth mixture modelling (GMM) to identify groups with similar trajectories using decedents' (n = 1,015) last completed interview and up to four previous data collection waves before death. GMM identified a three-class model. Classes were high-functioning, no decline (HN); high-functioning, gradual decline (HG); and low-functioning, steep decline (LS)...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774918/older-adults-online-dating-profiles-and-successful-aging
#3
Mineko Wada, William Bennett Mortenson, Laura Hurd Clarke
This study examined how relevant Rowe and Kahn's three criteria of successful aging were to older adults' self-portrayals in online dating profiles: low probability of disease and disability, high functioning, and active life engagement. In this cross-sectional study, 320 online dating profiles of older adults were randomly selected and coded based on the criteria. Logistic regression analyses determined whether age, gender, and race/ethnicity predicted self-presentation. Few profiles were indicative of successful aging due to the low prevalence of the first two criteria; the third criterion, however, was identified in many profiles...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753428/-why-would-i-want-to-go-out-age-related-vision-loss-and-social-participation
#4
Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Deborah Gold, Colleen McGrath, Biljana Zuvela, Marlee M Spafford, Rebecca Renwick
Social participation, a key determinant of healthy aging, is often negatively impacted by age-related vision loss (ARVL). This grounded theory study aimed to understand social participation as a process negotiated in everyday life by older adults with ARVL. Interviews, audio diaries, and life space maps were used to collect data with 21 older adults in two Ontario cities. Inductive data analysis resulted in a transactional model of the process of negotiating social participation in context. This model depicts how environmental features and resources, skills and abilities, and risks and vulnerabilities transacted with values and priorities to affect if and how social participation occurred within the context of daily life...
October 18, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745566/what-are-the-circumstances-of-falls-and-fractures-in-long-term-care
#5
Caitlin McArthur, David A Gonzalez, Eric Roy, Lora Giangregorio
This prospective, observational study characterizes the circumstances that led to falls in long-term care (LTC) residents and describes the characteristics of residents who fractured following a fall. Staff recorded the location of the fall, time of day, activity the participant was doing prior, and if an injury occurred. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the falls, and a generalized linear model was used to determine differences between the circumstances. Of the 101 LTC residents who participated, 41 per cent experienced at least one fall...
October 17, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745565/-could-we-hold-hands-older-lesbian-and-gay-couples-perceptions-of-long-term-care-homes-and-home-care
#6
Charles Furlotte, James W Gladstone, Robert F Cosby, Kerri-Ann Fitzgerald
This qualitative study describes expectations, concerns, and needs regarding long-term care (LTC) homes and home care services of 12 older lesbian and gay couples living in Canada. Our findings reflect four major themes: discrimination, identity, expenditure of energy, and nuanced care. Discrimination involved concerns about covert discrimination; loss of social buffers as one ages; and diminished ability to advocate for oneself and one's partner. Identity involved anticipated risk over disclosing one's sexual identity; the importance of being identified within a coupled relationship; and the importance of access to reference groups of other gay seniors...
October 17, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691994/determinants-of-engagement-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-dialogue-with-senior-athletes
#7
Naoko Yamada, Jinmoo Heo
This article explores the factors determining whether older adults engage in the Senior Games and related leisure-time physical activity through examining the adults' salient beliefs. We conducted 10 in-depth interviews with older adults who have participated in the Senior Games. Underpinned by the planned behavior theory's framework, we explored three types of beliefs: advantages and disadvantages (behavioral beliefs), social support and pressure (normative beliefs), and facilitators and impediments (control beliefs)...
October 3, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666084/primary-health-care-providers-perspectives-facilitating-older-patients-access-to-community-support-services
#8
Jenny Ploeg, Margaret Denton, Brian Hutchison, Carrie McAiney, Ainsley Moore, Kevin Brazil, Joseph Tindale, Amina Wu, Annie Lam
The purpose of the study examined in this article was to understand how non-physician health care professionals working in Canadian primary health care settings facilitate older persons' access to community support services (CSSs). The use of CSSs has positive impacts for clients, yet they are underused from lack of awareness. Using a qualitative description approach, we interviewed 20 health care professionals from various disciplines and primary health care models about the processes they use to link older patients to CSSs...
September 26, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665931/universit%C3%A3-du-troisi%C3%A3-me-%C3%A3-ge-les-besoins-en-formation-continue-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-francophones-au-nouveau-brunswick
#9
Suzanne Dupuis-Blanchard, Danielle Thériault, Lise Mazerolle
Continuing education is the ideal mechanism to allow retired people to maintain their autonomy and health for as long as possible. Despite the importance of education in the development of human beings, very few studies have been identified on the need for continued education in older adults. This quantitative descriptive study allowed us to better understand the interests and the needs of seniors related to continuing education in French-speaking older adults in New Brunswick (n = 408), and to identify the perceptions of participants with regard to the benefits, the challenges and the preferences of seniors for continuing education...
September 26, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573861/la-m%C3%A3-moire-autobiographique-%C3%A3-travers-le-parcours-de-vie-%C3%A3-valuation-r%C3%A3-trospective-du-bonheur-et-de-la-vuln%C3%A3-rabilit%C3%A3
#10
Nora Dasoki, Davide Morselli, Dario Spini
Our research is interested in understanding how the elderly evaluate their past, so the aims of this study are, first, to understand if there are age differences within the older population in terms of positivity effect, and second, to test if perception of happiness and vulnerability are two independent recall systems. To test our hypotheses, we used the Vivre / Leben / Vivere survey on a population of 65 years and older (n=4200), in Switzerland. Findings show that happiness depends on social and cultural norms, while there is an age effect for vulnerability...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477250/genre-travail-et-vieillissement
#11
Cara Tannenbaum, Patrice Voss, Hani El-Gabalawy, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477107/bem-sex-role-inventory-validation-in-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#12
Tamer Ahmed, Afshin Vafaei, Emmanuelle Belanger, Susan P Phillips, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
This study investigated the measurement structure of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with different factor analysis methods. Most previous studies on validity applied exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine the BSRI. We aimed to assess the psychometric properties and construct validity of the 12-item short-form BSRI in a sample administered to 1,995 older adults from wave 1 of the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). We used Cronbach's alpha to assess internal consistency reliability and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to assess psychometric properties...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476964/older-driver-safety-a-survey-of-psychologists-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices
#13
Janet Love, Holly Tuokko
Using an online survey, we examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices with respect to older driver safety concerns of clinical psychologists from across Canada who self-identified as working with at least some drivers over 60 years of age. Eighty-four psychologists completed the survey, and many were aware of the issues relevant to older driver safety, although only about half reported that assessing fitness to drive was an important issue in their practice. The majority (75%) reported that they would benefit from education concerning evaluation of fitness to drive...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456751/preserving-dignity-in-later-life
#14
José Manuel São José
This article examines how elders who receive social care in the community experience loss of dignity and how they preserve their dignity. Qualitative research revealed that loss of dignity is a major concern for these elders and that they preserve their dignity differently, ranging from actively engaging with life to detaching themselves from life. We conclude that, in later life, preserving dignity while receiving social care differs from preserving dignity in the context of health care, especially health care provided in institutional settings...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452374/practice-change-interventions-in-long-term-care-facilities-what-works-and-why
#15
Sienna Caspar, Heather A Cooke, Alison Phinney, Pamela A Ratner
Over the past three decades, there has been a notable increase in studies of practice change interventions in long-term care (LTC) settings. This review, based on a modified realist approach, addresses the following questions: What practice change intervention characteristics work? And, in what circumstances do they work and why? A modified realist approach was applied to identify and explain the interactions among context, mechanism, and outcome. We searched electronic databases and published literature for empirical studies of practice change interventions that (a) were conducted in LTC settings, (b) involved formal care staff members, and (c) reported a formal evaluation...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426223/identifying-fallers-among-home-care-clients-with-dementia-and-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Symron Bansal, John P Hirdes, Colleen J Maxwell, Alexandra Papaioannou, Lora M Giangregorio
Few studies have focused on falls among home care (HC) clients with neurological conditions. This study identified factors that increase risk of falling among HC clients with no recent history of falls, and explored whether risk profiles varied among those with dementia or parkinsonism compared to those without selected neurological conditions. A retrospective cohort design was used and analysis of data from community-based HC clients across Ontario was conducted on a sample of ambulatory clients with dementia, parkinsonism, or none of the selected neurological conditions...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418079/gender-work-and-aging
#17
Cara Tannenbaum, Patrice Voss, Hani El-Gabalawy, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367261/falls-and-wrist-fracture-relationship-to-women-s-functional-status-after-age-50
#18
Catherine M Arnold, Vanina P M Dal Bello-Haas, Jonathan P Farthing, Katie L Crockett, Charlene R A Haver, Geoffrey Johnston, Jenny Basran
Women experience a rapid rise in the incidence of wrist fracture after age 50. Accordingly, this study aimed to (1) determine the internal and environmental fall-related circumstances resulting in a wrist fracture, and (2) examine the relationship of functional status to these circumstances. Women aged 50 to 94 years reported on the nature of the injury (n = 99) and underwent testing for physical activity status, balance, strength, and mobility (n = 72). The majority of falls causing wrist fracture occurred outdoors, during winter months, as a result of a slip or trip while walking...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345572/noise-affects-performance-on-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment
#19
Kate Dupuis, Veronica Marchuk, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
We investigated the effect of background noise on performance on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Two groups of older adults (one with clinically normal hearing, one with hearing loss) and a younger adult group with clinically normal hearing were administered two versions of the MoCA under headphones in low and high levels of background noise. Intensity levels used to present the test were customized based on the hearing abilities of participants with hearing loss to yield a uniform level of difficulty across listeners in the high-level noise condition...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291454/antibioth%C3%A3-rapie-du-sujet-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-on-peut-toujours-mieux-faire
#20
Violaine Tolsma, Jacques Gaillat, Leonardo Pagani
Antimicrobials are among the most prescribed drugs and their prescription increases with age, due to frailty and accrued risk factors for acquiring infections. Antimicrobial prescription in elderly patients must not only account for the risk of toxicity due to drug overexposure, but also of treatment failure or promotion of antimicrobial resistance due to under-dosage. This paper reviews the main antimicrobial, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variations induced by aging, comorbidities and polypharmacy, and how to take them into account to optimize antimicrobial prescription in elders...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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