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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198450/examining-the-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-social-work-and-nursing-students-on-later-life-sexuality
#1
Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Ahuva Even-Zohar, Shoshi Werner
ABSTRACTWe examined ageist beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge towards sexuality in later life among 148 nursing students and 137 social work students in their first year of studies. The students completed the Fraboni Scale of Ageism, the Attitudes and Knowledge towards Older Adults' Sexuality Scale, and questionnaires regarding contact with older adults, prior sexual education, and socio-demographics. The results indicated that nursing students have more conservative attitudes towards older adults' sexuality...
September 10, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187839/senior-centres-in-canada-and-the-united-states-a-scoping-review
#2
Laura Kadowaki, Atiya Mahmood
ABSTRACTSenior centres have been identified as a "focal point" for delivering services to the rapidly growing older adult populations in Canada and the United States. Despite this important role, academic research studying senior centres has been limited. This scoping review identified English-language empirical research studies focusing on senior centres that were published in an academic journal in 2000 or later. A total of 58 studies were identified (n = 51 American and n = 7 Canadian). The majority of the articles focused on themes related to the participation of individuals at senior centres; a smaller number focused on themes related to the senior centre environment...
September 6, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182862/adaptation-transculturelle-en-fran%C3%A3-ais-du-edinburgh-feeding-evaluation-in-dementia-edfed-scale-un-questionnaire-pour-%C3%A3-valuer-les-difficult%C3%A3-s-%C3%A3-s-alimenter-de-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-pr%C3%A3-sentant-des-troubles-cognitifs-en-centre-d-h%C3%A3-bergement
#3
Claudia Côté, Cynthia Gagnon, Hélène Payette
ABSTRACTThe Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia (EdFED) Scale was designed to identify feeding difficulties for people with moderate to severe dementia. Its Canadian-French cross-cultural adaptation was carried out, as part of an experimental study, whose secondary objective was to document its construct validity. A back-translation method was followed. The EdFED-f was used during a meal with 26 elderly residents who had cognitive disorders. There was a significant correlation between EdFED-f scores and energy intakes calculated using a visual estimation of plate wash method (r=-0,50, p=0,009)...
September 5, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176954/no-place-like-home-a-systematic-review-of-home-care-for-older-adults-in-canada
#4
Shanthi Johnson, Juanita Bacsu, Hasanthi Abeykoon, Tom McIntosh, Bonnie Jeffery, Nuelle Novik
ABSTRACTGiven Canada's aging population, the demand for home care is expected to increase significantly. To date, little is known about home care for older adults in Canada such as characteristics of home care recipients, gaps in services, or interventions designed to support home care client needs. Consequently, we conducted a systematic review of seven electronic databases for the years 2000-2016 to examine the current knowledge of home care services for Canada's older adults. This synthesis examined four main themes in the literature: older adult client-level predictors; unmet care needs; interventions; and issues and challenges in home care...
September 4, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176953/fall-prevention-mobile-clinic-a-novel-fall-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Sonia Singh, Ashley Kwon, David G T Whitehurst, Kathleen Friesen, Vicky Scott, Samar Hejazi, Fabio Feldman
ABSTRACTCauses of falls in older adults are common, multifactorial, and can lead to significant injury. This before-and-after study evaluated the benefits of a Fall Prevention Mobile Clinic (FPMC) in reducing the risk of falling in older adults in British Columbia, Canada. Four hundred seventy-six participants (average age of 83.6 years) enrolled in the study and were followed for 12 months after attending the FPMC. At 12-month follow-up, the mean percentage uptake of fall prevention recommendations was 48...
September 4, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157977/nursing-homes-without-walls-for-aging-in-place
#6
Suzanne Dupuis-Blanchard, Odette N Gould
ABSTRACTGiven the urgency of finding cost-effective and innovative solutions to providing community services for aging in place, novel solutions that take advantage of existing infrastructure are clearly needed. In this sequential mixed-method study, we chose to explore the role that nursing homes could play in offering services to a non-traditional target population, namely seniors with loss of independence living in the community. Forty-two (n = 42) nursing homes in the province of New Brunswick completed an online survey, and 10 agreed to participate in face-to-face interviews...
August 30, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157974/retirement-transitions-among-baby-boomers-findings-from-an-online-qualitative-study
#7
M Rebecca Genoe, Toni Liechty, Hannah R Marston
ABSTRACTCanadian baby boomers began turning 65 - traditional retirement age - in 2011. How this generation perceives and experiences retirement may differ from preceding generations. In this online, grounded-theory study, 25 baby boomers who were approaching retirement or had recently retired participated in a multi-author blog about their retirement experiences and processes. We collected additional data via subsequent focus groups and participant interviews. Participants retired in several ways, including ceasing work, adopting casual or part-time work, and adopting new types of work...
August 30, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012228/%C3%A3-valuation-de-marche-vers-le-futur-un-programme-novateur-de-pr%C3%A3-vention-des-chutes-offert-par-videoconference
#8
Jacinthe Savard, Sophie Labossière, Dominique Cardinal, Bernard Pinet, Caroline Borris
ABSTRACTSeveral fall prevention programs have been implemented to reduce falls among seniors. In some rural areas or in French-speaking minority communities, the availability of such programs is limited. The objectives of this paper are to: (a) describe the Fall Prevention Program Marche vers le futur, offered in French, by videoconference; and (b) present the results of the evaluation of the program objectives. Results demonstrate that participants have improved their physical abilities, gained knowledge, adopted new behaviors and lifestyle habits...
July 17, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058523/enoch-senior-s-college-for-korean-immigrant-seniors-quality-of-life-effects
#9
H Elisha Jo, Jungsun S Jo, Kari K Veblen, Patrick J Potter
ABSTRACTA community-based program is increasingly recognized as promoting health and active social participation in one's life, yet information is lacking about the use and impact of such programs among immigrant visible minority seniors. This mixed-method research evaluated the impact of a cultural community program for Korean immigrant seniors by examining participants' health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) benefits and overall well-being. In this study, 79 participants completed the SF-36v2 questionnaire twice to assess the impact of Canada Enoch Senior's College (CESC) program on their HR-QOL and well-being...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001761/marital-status-and-problem-gambling-among-older-adults-an-examination-of-social-context-and-social-motivations
#10
Tara Elton-Marshall, Rochelle Wijesingha, Taryn Sendzik, Steven E Mock, Mark van der Maas, John McCready, Robert E Mann, Nigel E Turner
ABSTRACTOlder adults represent the highest proportion of gamblers (Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation [OLG], 2012). Unpartnered older adults may be more socially isolated and lonely (Dykstra & de Jong Gierveld, 2004), thus more likely to be at risk for problem gambling (McQuade & Gill, 2012). We examined whether gambling to socialize or from loneliness and going to the casino with friends/family mediate the relation between marital status and problem gambling. Data from a random sample of older adults at gambling venues across Southwestern Ontario indicated that gambling with family/friends and gambling due to loneliness mediated the relationship between marital status and problem gambling...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001754/leisure-activities-and-motivational-profiles-in-adaptation-to-nursing-homes
#11
Emin Altintas, Alain Guerrien, Bruno Vivicorsi, Evelyne Clément, Robert J Vallerand
ABSTRACTBased on self-determination theory, this study examined the relationship between leisure activities, motivation, and adjustment to institutional living by older adults who live in nursing homes. We hypothesized that motivational profiles with higher levels of self-determined motivation represent the optimal profiles regarding participation in leisure activities, adaptation to nursing home living, and satisfaction with life. Participants completed questionnaires assessing motivation, leisure activity participation, life satisfaction, and adaptation to the nursing home...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983127/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-in-rehabilitation-with-hip-fracture-a-retrospective-chart-review
#12
Erica Anders, Wendy Laskey, Catherine Milne-Gibson, Brendan Pynenburg, Chelsea Wong, Anna Berall, Nancy Jones, Debbie Mendelson, Susan Jaglal
ABSTRACTHip fracture rehabilitation has two streams: high tolerance short duration (HTSD) and low tolerance long duration (LTLD). This study examined patient characteristics and outcomes in HTSD and LTLD associated with length of stay (LOS) and discharge destination. We retrospectively examined patients' medical charts following hip fracture surgery and collected demographic, functional, and health characteristics. A statistical analysis was done to describe the differences between HTSD (n = 73) and LTLD (n = 57) patient characteristics and their relationship with LOS and discharge destination...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966539/automated-fall-detection-technology-in-inpatient-geriatric-psychiatry-nurses-perceptions-and-lessons-learned
#13
Marge Coahran, Loretta M Hillier, Lisa Van Bussel, Edward Black, Rebekah Churchyard, Iris Gutmanis, Yani Ioannou, Kathleen Michael, Tom Ross, Alex Mihailidis
ABSTRACTHospitalized older adults are at high risk of falling. The HELPER system is a ceiling-mounted fall detection system that sends an alert to a smartphone when a fall is detected. This article describes the performance of the HELPER system, which was pilot tested in a geriatric mental health hospital. The system's accuracy in detecting falls was measured against the hospital records documenting falls. Following the pilot test, nurses were interviewed regarding their perceptions of this technology. In this study, the HELPER system missed one documented fall but detected four falls that were not documented...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956644/fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-the-imias-study
#14
Patricia Hewston, Angeles Garcia, Beatriz Alvarado, Nandini Deshpande
ABSTRACTSeveral determinants of developing fear of falling (FoF) overlap with the consequences of diabetes mellitus (DM). We compared the prevalence and severity of FoF in older adults with and without DM and identified which FoF determinants contribute to FoF severity in older adults with DM. We used Canadian baseline data from the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS) which identified 141 older adults with DM (DM-group;age:68.88±2.80years) and 620 without DM (noDM-group;age:68.81±2.68years). FoF was quantified with Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938627/conceptual-models-of-early-and-involuntary-retirement-among-canadian-registered-nurses-and-allied-health-professionals
#15
Sarah Hewko, Trish Reay, Carole A Estabrooks, Greta G Cummings
ABSTRACTAvailability of health professionals is fundamental to population health. Multiple trends contribute to provider shortages. PURPOSE: Develop and validate conceptual models of early and involuntary retirement among registered nurses (RNs) and allied health professionals (AHPs). METHOD: A review of retirement literature (n = 23 studies). Any factor reported as predictive of early or involuntary retirement was incorporated into a model. To achieve face validity, we conducted interviews with Canadian RNs/AHPs (n = 14)...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929565/use-of-hospitals-by-older-versus-younger-canadians-myths-and-misconceptions
#16
Donna M Wilson, Ye Shen, Gail Low
ABSTRACTThis study investigated concerns regarding the extensive use of hospitals by older people and subsequent long wait lists. We analysed complete individual-anonymous, 2014-2015 inpatient hospital data for all Canadian provinces and territories (except Quebec). People aged 65 and older accounted for 37.0 per cent of all hospital episodes and 41.5 per cent of all admissions to intensive or coronary care units. Similarly, of all admitted individuals, 32.8 per cent were older. The data also revealed only 14...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909785/regard-sur-l-exp%C3%A3-rience-de-vivre-avec-le-cancer-le-cancer-comme-occasion-de-changement-chez-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-de-60-%C3%A3-73-ans
#17
Joanie Gagnon, Anouk Utzschneider, André Doyon
ABSTRACTIt is possible for individuals with a diagnosis of cancer to see the illness as an opportunity to change and to make certain decisions that could improve their chances of recovery. We aimed, through qualitative research, to understand the experience of cancer in older adults through new behaviors and habits, intentions to change and maintenance of old behaviors and habits in the context of the disease. Our participants were 10 people aged 60 to 73 with a diagnosis of cancer. The majority of participants expressed intentions to change or adopted new behaviors or habits...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676243/the-funding-of-long-term-care-in-canada-what-do-we-know-what-should-we-know
#18
Michel Grignon, Byron G Spencer
ABSTRACTLong-term care is a growing component of health care spending but how much is spent or who bears the cost is uncertain, and the measures vary depending on the source used. We drew on regularly published series and ad hoc publications to compile preferred estimates of the share of long-term care spending in total health care spending, the private share of long-term care spending, and the share of residential care within long-term care. For each series, we compared estimates obtainable from published sources (CIHI [Canadian Institute for Health Information] and OECD [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development]) with our preferred estimates...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631643/pets-social-participation-and-aging-in-place-findings-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#19
Ann M Toohey, Jennifer A Hewson, Cindy L Adams, Melanie J Rock
ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to assess whether pet ownership contributes to social participation and life satisfaction for older adults. We used baseline data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) for this purpose, and logistic regression models to estimate associations between social participation and life satisfaction for pet owners and non-owners. One third of all older adults (≥ 65 years, n = 7,474) in our sample reported pet ownership. Pet owners were less likely than non-pet owners to report life satisfaction and to participate frequently in social, recreational, or cultural activities, but pet owners were no less satisfied than were non-owners with their current levels of social participation...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631639/integrated-care-approaches-used-for-transitions-from-hospital-to-community-care-a-scoping-review
#20
Cara L Brown, Verena Menec
ABSTRACTIntegrated care is a promising approach for improving care transitions for older adults, but this concept is inconsistently defined and applied. This scoping review describes the size and nature of literature on integrated care initiatives for transitions from hospital to community care for older adults (aged 65 and older) and how this literature conceptualizes integrated care. A systematic search of literature from the past 10 years yielded 899 documents that were screened for inclusion by two reviewers...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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