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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098978/aging-and-frailty-in-first-nations-communities
#1
Jennifer D Walker
This study, the first published overview of aging in a nationally representative sample of First Nations seniors, used data from the First Nations Regional Health Survey Phase 2 (FNRHS 2). It is also the first application of a validated frailty index to describe aging experiences in First Nations communities. Responding to the survey were 11,043 First Nations adults. Of the 1,820 First Nations seniors who responded, 52.7 per cent (95% CI [49.4-56.1]) were not frail. The maintenance of non-frail status in First Nations adults appeared to decrease in each middle-adult age group (from 87...
November 3, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019304/evaluation-de-la-culture-de-s%C3%A3-curit%C3%A3-en-etablissement-d-h%C3%A3-bergement-pour-personnes-ag%C3%A3-es-d%C3%A3-pendantes-ehpad-adaptation-fran%C3%A3-aise-du-questionnaire-nursing-home-survey-on-patient-safety-culture
#2
Marie Herr, Séhéno Raharimanana, Emmanuel Bagaragaza, Philippe Aegerter, Irène Sipos, Céline Fabre, Joël Ankri, George Pisica-Donose
The objective was to translate into French the American questionnaire "Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture" and to test the feasibility of its use in a sample of nursing homes. The questionnaire was translated by a multidisciplinary group of six experts and tested on a sample of people working in nursing homes. The questionnaire was then administered in five nursing homes. A first version of the French NHSPSC is proposed in this article. Despite similarities between items and ceiling effect for one item, the choices made were conservative to allow international comparisons...
October 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019302/education-and-successful-aging-trajectories-a-longitudinal-population-based-latent-variable-modelling-analysis
#3
Theodore D Cosco, Blossom C M Stephan, Carol Brayne, Graciela Muniz
As the population ages, interest is increasing in studying aging well. However, more refined means of examining predictors of biopsychosocial conceptualizations of successful aging (SA) are required. Existing evidence of the relationship between early-life education and later-life SA is unclear. The Successful Aging Index (SAI) was mapped onto the Cognitive Function and Aging Study (CFAS), a longitudinal population-based cohort (n = 1,141). SAI scores were examined using growth mixture modelling (GMM) to identify SA trajectories...
October 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019294/participation-sociale-et-personnes-ayant-des-atteintes-cognitives-et-centre-communautaire-de-loisir-une-%C3%A3-quation-possible
#4
Sophie Éthier, Hélène Carbonneau, Karyne Joseane Bettencourt, Karine Verreault
Validating support of social participation for people with cognitive impairment (CI) plays a predominant role in maintaining identity, autonomy, sense of belonging and social bonding. Yet what restricts this participation-intervention methods, cognitive impairment, or other individuals in the participant's environment? This study documents stakeholders', volunteers' and users' perceptions of people with CI in community recreation centres (CRC). Six focus groups (n = 44) in Montreal, Quebec City and Drummondville highlighted some issues concerning this subject...
October 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017634/factors-influencing-new-rns-supervisory-performance-in-long-term-care-facilities
#5
Dawn Prentice, Veronique Boscart, Katherine S McGilton, Astrid Escrig
In long-term care facilities (LTCF), registered nurses (RNs) perform both clinical and supervisory roles as part of a team aiming to provide high-quality care to residents. The residents have several co-morbidities and complex care needs. Unfortunately, new RNs receive minimal preparation in gerontology and supervisory experience during their program, leading to low retention rates and affecting resident outcomes. This qualitative study explored factors that influence supervisory performance of new RNs in LTCF from the perspective of 24 participants from Ontario, Canada...
October 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974280/rules-to-identify-persons-with-frailty-in-administrative-health-databases
#6
Robin Urquhart, Anik M C Giguere, Beverley Lawson, Cynthia Kendell, Jayna M Holroyd-Leduc, Joseph H Puyat, Arminee Kazanjian, Sharon Straus, Grace M Johnston
This study sought to develop frailty "identification rules" using population-based health administrative data that can be readily applied across jurisdictions for living and deceased persons. Three frailty identification rules were developed based on accepted definitions of frailty, markers of service utilization, and expert consultation, and were limited to variables within two common population-based administrative health databases: hospital discharge abstracts and physician claims data. These rules were used to identify persons with frailty from both decedent and living populations across five Canadian provinces...
October 4, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946935/graphs-tables-and-scientific-illustrations-visualisation-as-the-science-of-seeing-gerontology
#7
Linda T Caissie, Claire Goggin, Lisa A Best
Visual inscriptions (e.g., graphs, illustrations) are a defining feature of scientific discovery to aid in data analysis, interpretation, and communication (e.g., Latour, 1990; Lynch, 1985). Our purpose was to examine how visual inscriptions are used to present data in gerontology journals. We compared 357 articles sampled from 24 peer-reviewed gerontology journals published between 1995 and 2009. Approximately 11 per cent of page space was dedicated to data presentation with more page space occupied by tables (9...
September 26, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920561/the-care-of-older-adults-experiencing-cognitive-challenges-how-interprofessional-teams-collaborate
#8
Sherry Dahlke, Salima Meherali, Thane Chambers, Rosalie Freund-Heritage, Kim Steil, Adrian Wagg
We conducted a scoping study to examine how interprofessional health care teams improve the outcomes of older adults experiencing cognitive challenges. We searched Ovid, Medline 1946, and MEDLINE In-Process and other non-indexed citations, using the concepts multi or interdisciplinary care teams, confusion or cognitive impairment, and elderly adults. Of 4,554 articles the review yielded, 34 relevant to our inquiry, using Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework. Twenty-nine per cent of authors reported on the processes interprofessional teams use to achieve positive outcomes for older adults...
September 18, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914223/educator-readiness-to-improve-gerontological-curricula-in-health-and-social-service-education
#9
Lynn McCleary, Veronique Boscart, Peter Donahue, Kelsey Harvey
This study investigated the state of gerontology content in health and social service education programs in Ontario, and readiness indicators for change among administrators and faculty. We conducted a survey of teaching faculty (n = 100) and deans or directors (n = 56) of 89 education programs, which revealed mixed evidence on readiness for change. Most respondents thought their programs were adequate but needed enhancement. However, they were unaware of published gerontological competencies with which to evaluate their curricula...
September 15, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903796/measurement-of-fall-prevention-awareness-and-behaviours-among-older-adults-at-home
#10
Katherine Russell, Darcie Taing, Jacqueline Roy
This study surveyed awareness of, and adherence to, six national fall prevention recommendations among community-dwelling older adults (n = 1050) in Ottawa. Although 76 per cent of respondents agreed falling is a concern and preventable, fewer perceived susceptibility to falling (63%). Respondents had high awareness that home modifications and physical activity can prevent falls. Reported modifications included grab bars (50%), night lights (44%), and raised toilet seats (19%). Half met aerobic activity recommendations; 38 per cent met strength recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130428/a-scoping-review-of-physical-rehabilitation-in-long-term-care-interventions-outcomes-tools
#11
Caitlin McArthur, Jenna C Gibbs, Ruchit Patel, Alexandra Papaioannou, Paula Neves, Jaimie Killingbeck, John Hirdes, James Milligan, Katherine Berg, Lora Giangregorio
Residents in long-term care (LTC) often require physical rehabilitation (PR) to maintain/improve physical function. This scoping review described the breadth of literature regarding PR in LTC to date, synthesizing PR interventions that have been evaluated, outcomes used, and tools for determining service eligibility. A structured search, conducted in six licensed databases and grey literature, identified 381 articles for inclusion. Most interventions were delivered and evaluated at the resident level and typically were multicomponent exercise programs...
December 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747236/broadening-end-of-life-comfort-to-improve-palliative-care-practices-in-long-term-care
#12
Tamara Sussman, Sharon Kaasalainen, Susan Mintzberg, Shane Sinclair, Laurel Young, Jenny Ploeg, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin, Genevieve Thompson, Lorraine Venturato, Marie Earl, Patricia Strachan, John J You, Robin Bonifas, Margaret McKee
This study aimed to (1) explore how palliative care in long-term care (LTC) addresses the tensions associated with caring for the living and dying within one care community, and (2) to inform how palliative care practices may be improved to better address the needs of all residents living and dying in LTC as well as those of the families and support staff. This article reports findings from 19 focus groups and 117 participants. Study findings reveal that LTC home staff, resident, and family perspectives of end-of-life comfort applied to those who were actively dying and to their families...
July 27, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745265/when-the-rising-tide-impacts-the-world-addressing-the-global-challenge-of-dementia
#13
Flamine Alary, Joanne Goldberg, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693634/gender-and-relationship-status-interaction-and-likelihood-of-return-to-work-post-retirement
#14
Jason Settels, Julie McMullin
Population aging is an issue of mounting importance throughout the industrialized world. Concerns over labour force shortages have led to policies that prolong working life. Accordingly, present-day workforce participation patterns of older individuals are extensively varied. This study utilized the 2007 General Social Survey to examine factors associated with post-retirement paid work, focusing on the interaction between gender and relationship status, among Canadians aged 50 to 74 who had retired at least once...
July 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679459/factors-associated-with-residential-long-term-care-wait-list-placement-in-north-west-ontario
#15
Audrey Laporte, Adrian Rohit Dass, Kerry Kuluski, Allie Peckham, Whitney Berta, Janet Lum, A Paul Williams
This article is based on a study that investigated factors associated with long-term care wait list placement in Ontario, Canada. We based the study's analysis on Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) data for 2014 in the North West Local Health Integration Network (LHIN). Our analysis quantified the contribution of three factors on the likelihood of wait list placement: (1) care recipient, (2) informal caregiver, and (3) formal system. We find that all three factors are significantly related to wait list placement...
July 6, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673373/quand-le-raz-de-mar%C3%A3-e-a-un-impact-mondial-s-attaquer-au-d%C3%A3-fi-plan%C3%A3-taire-de-la-d%C3%A3-mence
#16
Flamine Alary, Joanne Goldberg, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669374/reconciling-marriage-and-care-after-stroke
#17
Sharon Anderson, Norah Keating, Donna Wilson
Most research on stroke's impact on couples has focused on the transition to caregiving/receiving. Despite considerable evidence that marriage is the primary source of support in the face of chronic conditions, little is known about what happens to marriage in the context of care after stroke. To address this gap, we undertook a qualitative grounded-theory study of 18 couples in which one partner had experienced a stroke. Findings revealed two interrelated themes of the couple processes: working out care, which involved discovering and addressing disruptions in day-to-day activities; and rethinking marriage, which involved determining the meaning of their relationship within the new context of care and disability...
July 3, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641591/foucault-retires-to-the-gym-understanding-embodied-aging-in-the-third-age
#18
Kristi A Allain, Barbara Marshall
In light of recent social pressures leading to a reimagining of the "Third Age" as a time of constant activity rather than repose and relaxation, this article explores the pressure on individuals to age "successfully" by engaging in physical activity in later life. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 retired or semi-retired gym-goers (eight women and seven men), the article examines how this call to increased activity impacts the ways active mid-life and older adults understand themselves and others...
June 23, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637518/non-digital-game-playing-by-older-adults
#19
W Ben Mortenson, Andrew Sixsmith, David Kaufman
Research on video games' effect on cognition and behaviour has been extensive, yet little research has explored non-digital forms of game playing, especially among older adults. As part of a larger survey on game playing, 886 respondents (≥ age 55) filled out questionnaires about non-digital game play. The study aims were to determine perceived benefits of non-digital game play and to determine socio-demographic factors that might predict perceived benefits. Survey results indicate that non-digital game playing is social in nature and common (73% of respondents) among older adults...
June 22, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485269/perceived-support-and-the-retirement-expectations-of-sexual-minority-adults
#20
Steven E Mock, Emily Schryer
Despite the importance of retirement planning among an aging population, little is known about the retirement planning of sexual minority adults (e.g., gay, lesbian, bisexual) and their potentially unique challenges. We compared retirement planning perceptions of these adults with heterosexual adults and examined the potential role of social support. There were no significant differences between sexual minorities and heterosexual adults regarding their expected retirement age, certainty of retirement age, and anticipated income adequacy in retirement, and higher levels of perceived support were associated with younger anticipated retirement age and greater certainty in retirement planning perceptions...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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