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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012228/%C3%A3-valuation-de-marche-vers-le-futur-un-programme-novateur-de-pr%C3%A3-vention-des-chutes-offert-par-videoconference
#1
Jacinthe Savard, Sophie Labossière, Dominique Cardinal, Bernard Pinet, Caroline Borris
ABSTRACTSeveral fall prevention programs have been implemented to reduce falls among seniors. In some rural areas or in French-speaking minority communities, the availability of such programs is limited. The objectives of this paper are to: (a) describe the Fall Prevention Program Marche vers le futur, offered in French, by videoconference; and (b) present the results of the evaluation of the program objectives. Results demonstrate that participants have improved their physical abilities, gained knowledge, adopted new behaviors and lifestyle habits...
July 17, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001761/marital-status-and-problem-gambling-among-older-adults-an-examination-of-social-context-and-social-motivations
#2
Tara Elton-Marshall, Rochelle Wijesingha, Taryn Sendzik, Steven E Mock, Mark van der Maas, John McCready, Robert E Mann, Nigel E Turner
ABSTRACTOlder adults represent the highest proportion of gamblers (Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation [OLG], 2012). Unpartnered older adults may be more socially isolated and lonely (Dykstra & de Jong Gierveld, 2004), thus more likely to be at risk for problem gambling (McQuade & Gill, 2012). We examined whether gambling to socialize or from loneliness and going to the casino with friends/family mediate the relation between marital status and problem gambling. Data from a random sample of older adults at gambling venues across Southwestern Ontario indicated that gambling with family/friends and gambling due to loneliness mediated the relationship between marital status and problem gambling...
July 13, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001754/leisure-activities-and-motivational-profiles-in-adaptation-to-nursing-homes
#3
Emin Altintas, Alain Guerrien, Bruno Vivicorsi, Evelyne Clément, Robert J Vallerand
ABSTRACTBased on self-determination theory, this study examined the relationship between leisure activities, motivation, and adjustment to institutional living by older adults who live in nursing homes. We hypothesized that motivational profiles with higher levels of self-determined motivation represent the optimal profiles regarding participation in leisure activities, adaptation to nursing home living, and satisfaction with life. Participants completed questionnaires assessing motivation, leisure activity participation, life satisfaction, and adaptation to the nursing home...
July 13, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983127/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-in-rehabilitation-with-hip-fracture-a-retrospective-chart-review
#4
Erica Anders, Wendy Laskey, Catherine Milne-Gibson, Brendan Pynenburg, Chelsea Wong, Anna Berall, Nancy Jones, Debbie Mendelson, Susan Jaglal
ABSTRACTHip fracture rehabilitation has two streams: high tolerance short duration (HTSD) and low tolerance long duration (LTLD). This study examined patient characteristics and outcomes in HTSD and LTLD associated with length of stay (LOS) and discharge destination. We retrospectively examined patients' medical charts following hip fracture surgery and collected demographic, functional, and health characteristics. A statistical analysis was done to describe the differences between HTSD (n = 73) and LTLD (n = 57) patient characteristics and their relationship with LOS and discharge destination...
July 9, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966539/automated-fall-detection-technology-in-inpatient-geriatric-psychiatry-nurses-perceptions-and-lessons-learned
#5
Marge Coahran, Loretta M Hillier, Lisa Van Bussel, Edward Black, Rebekah Churchyard, Iris Gutmanis, Yani Ioannou, Kathleen Michael, Tom Ross, Alex Mihailidis
ABSTRACTHospitalized older adults are at high risk of falling. The HELPER system is a ceiling-mounted fall detection system that sends an alert to a smartphone when a fall is detected. This article describes the performance of the HELPER system, which was pilot tested in a geriatric mental health hospital. The system's accuracy in detecting falls was measured against the hospital records documenting falls. Following the pilot test, nurses were interviewed regarding their perceptions of this technology. In this study, the HELPER system missed one documented fall but detected four falls that were not documented...
July 3, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956644/fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-the-imias-study
#6
Patricia Hewston, Angeles Garcia, Beatriz Alvarado, Nandini Deshpande
ABSTRACTSeveral determinants of developing fear of falling (FoF) overlap with the consequences of diabetes mellitus (DM). We compared the prevalence and severity of FoF in older adults with and without DM and identified which FoF determinants contribute to FoF severity in older adults with DM. We used Canadian baseline data from the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS) which identified 141 older adults with DM (DM-group;age:68.88±2.80years) and 620 without DM (noDM-group;age:68.81±2.68years). FoF was quantified with Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)...
June 29, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938627/conceptual-models-of-early-and-involuntary-retirement-among-canadian-registered-nurses-and-allied-health-professionals
#7
Sarah Hewko, Trish Reay, Carole A Estabrooks, Greta G Cummings
ABSTRACTAvailability of health professionals is fundamental to population health. Multiple trends contribute to provider shortages. PURPOSE: Develop and validate conceptual models of early and involuntary retirement among registered nurses (RNs) and allied health professionals (AHPs). METHOD: A review of retirement literature (n = 23 studies). Any factor reported as predictive of early or involuntary retirement was incorporated into a model. To achieve face validity, we conducted interviews with Canadian RNs/AHPs (n = 14)...
June 25, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929565/use-of-hospitals-by-older-versus-younger-canadians-myths-and-misconceptions
#8
Donna M Wilson, Ye Shen, Gail Low
ABSTRACTThis study investigated concerns regarding the extensive use of hospitals by older people and subsequent long wait lists. We analysed complete individual-anonymous, 2014-2015 inpatient hospital data for all Canadian provinces and territories (except Quebec). People aged 65 and older accounted for 37.0 per cent of all hospital episodes and 41.5 per cent of all admissions to intensive or coronary care units. Similarly, of all admitted individuals, 32.8 per cent were older. The data also revealed only 14...
June 22, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909785/regard-sur-l-exp%C3%A3-rience-de-vivre-avec-le-cancer-le-cancer-comme-occasion-de-changement-chez-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-de-60-%C3%A3-73-ans
#9
Joanie Gagnon, Anouk Utzschneider, André Doyon
ABSTRACTIt is possible for individuals with a diagnosis of cancer to see the illness as an opportunity to change and to make certain decisions that could improve their chances of recovery. We aimed, through qualitative research, to understand the experience of cancer in older adults through new behaviors and habits, intentions to change and maintenance of old behaviors and habits in the context of the disease. Our participants were 10 people aged 60 to 73 with a diagnosis of cancer. The majority of participants expressed intentions to change or adopted new behaviors or habits...
June 18, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676243/the-funding-of-long-term-care-in-canada-what-do-we-know-what-should-we-know
#10
Michel Grignon, Byron G Spencer
ABSTRACTLong-term care is a growing component of health care spending but how much is spent or who bears the cost is uncertain, and the measures vary depending on the source used. We drew on regularly published series and ad hoc publications to compile preferred estimates of the share of long-term care spending in total health care spending, the private share of long-term care spending, and the share of residential care within long-term care. For each series, we compared estimates obtainable from published sources (CIHI [Canadian Institute for Health Information] and OECD [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development]) with our preferred estimates...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631643/pets-social-participation-and-aging-in-place-findings-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#11
Ann M Toohey, Jennifer A Hewson, Cindy L Adams, Melanie J Rock
ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to assess whether pet ownership contributes to social participation and life satisfaction for older adults. We used baseline data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) for this purpose, and logistic regression models to estimate associations between social participation and life satisfaction for pet owners and non-owners. One third of all older adults (≥ 65 years, n = 7,474) in our sample reported pet ownership. Pet owners were less likely than non-pet owners to report life satisfaction and to participate frequently in social, recreational, or cultural activities, but pet owners were no less satisfied than were non-owners with their current levels of social participation...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631639/integrated-care-approaches-used-for-transitions-from-hospital-to-community-care-a-scoping-review
#12
Cara L Brown, Verena Menec
ABSTRACTIntegrated care is a promising approach for improving care transitions for older adults, but this concept is inconsistently defined and applied. This scoping review describes the size and nature of literature on integrated care initiatives for transitions from hospital to community care for older adults (aged 65 and older) and how this literature conceptualizes integrated care. A systematic search of literature from the past 10 years yielded 899 documents that were screened for inclusion by two reviewers...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618397/nursing-home-physicians-discuss-caring-for-elderly-residents-an-exploratory-study
#13
Albert Banerjee, Robert James, Margaret McGregor, Joel Lexchin
ABSTRACTDespite the increasing complexity of nursing home care, the role of physicians caring for residents is largely unexplored. This international, exploratory study sought to learn about physicians' roles, responsibilities, and tasks as well as investigate the unique qualities of medical practice in nursing homes. We conducted interviews with 18 physicians, who reported making important contributions to the quality of resident care, including clarifying the goals of care, working to reduce unnecessary medication and hospitalization, as well as contributing to staff education...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618389/barriers-and-facilitators-for-guidelines-with-depression-and-anxiety-in-parkinson-s-disease-or-dementia
#14
Zahra Goodarzi, Heather M Hanson, Nathalie Jette, Scott Patten, Tamara Pringsheim, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc
ABSTRACTOur primary objective was to understand the barriers and facilitators associated with the implementation of high-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for depression and anxiety in patients with dementia or Parkinson's disease (PD). We conducted focus groups or interviews with participants experiencing dementia or PD, their caregivers, and physicians in Calgary, Alberta, and applied the theoretical domains framework and behaviour change wheel to guide data collection and perform a framework analysis...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606174/reconstruction-of-a-caregiver-burden-scale-identifying-culturally-sensitive-items-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Paul F Tremblay, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Jeffrey D Holmes, Christopher J Lee, Andrew M Johnson
ABSTRACTFor this study, we adapted the Montgomery Borgatta Caregiver Burden Scale, used widely in the United States, to the Saudi Arabian context. To produce an Arabic, culturally sensitive version of the scale, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 Saudi family caregivers. The Arabic version of the scale was tested, and participants were asked to comment on the appropriateness of items for the construct of "caregiver burden" using the repertory grid technique and laddering procedure - two constructivist methods derived from personal construct theory...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606165/later-life-homelessness-as-disenfranchised-grief
#16
Victoria F Burns, Tamara Sussman, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin
ABSTRACTAlthough interest on older homelessness is gaining momentum, little research has considered the experiences of first-time homelessness from the perspective of older adults themselves. This constructivist grounded-theory study addresses this gap by exploring how societal perceptions of homelessness and aging shape access to housing, services, and perceptions of self for 15 older adults residing in emergency homeless shelters in Montreal, (Quebec, Canada). Findings revealed that homelessness evoked a grief response characterized by shock, despair, anger, and in some cases, relief...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566774/d%C3%A3-tresse-chez-les-pr%C3%A3-pos%C3%A3-s-aux-b%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-ficiaires-en-centre-d-h%C3%A3-bergement-expos%C3%A3-s-%C3%A3-des-sympt%C3%A3-mes-comportementaux
#17
Véronique Angers, Jean Vézina
ABSTRACTCare aides working in nursing homes are often exposed to responsive behaviours in older adults living with Alzheimer's disease. As these behaviors may induce psychological distress, the current research aims to estimate the contribution of a set of variables on the psychological distress reported by care aides. Variables include perceived frequency of responsive behaviours, primary and secondary cognitive appraisal, and coping strategies. A total of ninety-two day care aides were recruited in nursing homes in the Quebec City area...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553004/supporting-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-inclusivity-in-long-term-care-homes-a-canadian-perspective
#18
Tamara Sussman, Shari Brotman, Heather MacIntosh, Line Chamberland, Judith MacDonnell, Andrea Daley, Jean Dumas, Molly Churchill
ABSTRACTIt is critical to ensure that long-term care (LTC) homes are sensitive to the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. However, the extent to which the LTC home sector has adopted recommended strategies is unknown. This qualitative study reports findings from two initiatives: Semi-structured telephone interviews with Canadian LTC home administrators on strategies adopted to support LGBT inclusivity (n = 32), and discussions with participants attending a 2-day meeting on supporting LGBT inclusivity in LTC (n = 25)...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552991/psychometric-properties-of-the-inventory-of-attitudes-toward-seeking-mental-health-services-chinese-version
#19
Yvonne Tieu, Candace Konnert, Leanne Quigley
ABSTRACTResearch on underutilization patterns of mental health services among older Chinese immigrants is limited, partly due to the absence of translated, psychometrically sound measures for assessing attitudes towards seeking help. In this study we interviewed 200 older Chinese Canadian immigrants using a translated version of the Inventory of Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services scale (IASMHS), and assessed mental health care utilization over the past 12 months and intentions to seek help. Confirmatory factor analysis failed to replicate the original three-factor structure; thus, we used exploratory factor analysis to create a 20-item Chinese version, the C-IASMHS...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338799/going-it-alone-a-scoping-review-of-unbefriended-older-adults
#20
Stephanie Chamberlain, Sol Baik, Carole Estabrooks
Older adults who have reduced decision-making capacity and no family or friends to compensate for these deficiencies are known as unbefriended and require a public guardian. The purpose of this study was to review the peer-reviewed and grey literature to determine the scope of available research on unbefriended older adults in Canada and the United States. We found limited research examining unbefriended older adults. No Canadian studies or reports were located. Unbefriended older adults were childless or had fewer children, were more cognitively impaired, and were older than older adults who were not unbefriended...
March 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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