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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747236/broadening-end-of-life-comfort-to-improve-palliative-care-practices-in-long-term-care
#1
Tamara Sussman, Sharon Kaasalainen, Susan Mintzberg, Shane Sinclair, Laurel Young, Jenny Ploeg, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin, Genevieve Thompson, Lorraine Venturato, Marie Earl, Patricia Strachan, John J You, Robin Bonifas, Margaret McKee
This study aimed to (1) explore how palliative care in long-term care (LTC) addresses the tensions associated with caring for the living and dying within one care community, and (2) to inform how palliative care practices may be improved to better address the needs of all residents living and dying in LTC as well as those of the families and support staff. This article reports findings from 19 focus groups and 117 participants. Study findings reveal that LTC home staff, resident, and family perspectives of end-of-life comfort applied to those who were actively dying and to their families...
July 27, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745265/when-the-rising-tide-impacts-the-world-addressing-the-global-challenge-of-dementia
#2
Flamine Alary, Joanne Goldberg, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693634/gender-and-relationship-status-interaction-and-likelihood-of-return-to-work-post-retirement
#3
Jason Settels, Julie McMullin
Population aging is an issue of mounting importance throughout the industrialized world. Concerns over labour force shortages have led to policies that prolong working life. Accordingly, present-day workforce participation patterns of older individuals are extensively varied. This study utilized the 2007 General Social Survey to examine factors associated with post-retirement paid work, focusing on the interaction between gender and relationship status, among Canadians aged 50 to 74 who had retired at least once...
July 11, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679459/factors-associated-with-residential-long-term-care-wait-list-placement-in-north-west-ontario
#4
Audrey Laporte, Adrian Rohit Dass, Kerry Kuluski, Allie Peckham, Whitney Berta, Janet Lum, A Paul Williams
This article is based on a study that investigated factors associated with long-term care wait list placement in Ontario, Canada. We based the study's analysis on Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) data for 2014 in the North West Local Health Integration Network (LHIN). Our analysis quantified the contribution of three factors on the likelihood of wait list placement: (1) care recipient, (2) informal caregiver, and (3) formal system. We find that all three factors are significantly related to wait list placement...
July 6, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673373/quand-le-raz-de-mar%C3%A3-e-a-un-impact-mondial-s-attaquer-au-d%C3%A3-fi-plan%C3%A3-taire-de-la-d%C3%A3-mence
#5
Flamine Alary, Joanne Goldberg, Yves Joanette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669374/reconciling-marriage-and-care-after-stroke
#6
Sharon Anderson, Norah Keating, Donna Wilson
Most research on stroke's impact on couples has focused on the transition to caregiving/receiving. Despite considerable evidence that marriage is the primary source of support in the face of chronic conditions, little is known about what happens to marriage in the context of care after stroke. To address this gap, we undertook a qualitative grounded-theory study of 18 couples in which one partner had experienced a stroke. Findings revealed two interrelated themes of the couple processes: working out care, which involved discovering and addressing disruptions in day-to-day activities; and rethinking marriage, which involved determining the meaning of their relationship within the new context of care and disability...
July 3, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641591/foucault-retires-to-the-gym-understanding-embodied-aging-in-the-third-age
#7
Kristi A Allain, Barbara Marshall
In light of recent social pressures leading to a reimagining of the "Third Age" as a time of constant activity rather than repose and relaxation, this article explores the pressure on individuals to age "successfully" by engaging in physical activity in later life. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 retired or semi-retired gym-goers (eight women and seven men), the article examines how this call to increased activity impacts the ways active mid-life and older adults understand themselves and others...
June 23, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637518/non-digital-game-playing-by-older-adults
#8
W Ben Mortenson, Andrew Sixsmith, David Kaufman
Research on video games' effect on cognition and behaviour has been extensive, yet little research has explored non-digital forms of game playing, especially among older adults. As part of a larger survey on game playing, 886 respondents (≥ age 55) filled out questionnaires about non-digital game play. The study aims were to determine perceived benefits of non-digital game play and to determine socio-demographic factors that might predict perceived benefits. Survey results indicate that non-digital game playing is social in nature and common (73% of respondents) among older adults...
June 22, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558860/outil-de-sensibilisation-des-proches-%C3%A3-la-conduite-automobile-des-a%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-s
#9
Ariane Vigeant, Mylène Arseneault-Legault, Rachel Boily, Sarah Buchanan, Jean-François Carosella, Mélanie Levasseur
This study aimed to explore the impact of an awareness tool for relatives of older drivers (OSCARPA) on i) their interest, openness and knowledge, ii) changes of abilities required for safe driving, and iii) utilization of compensatory strategies. A pre-experimental design with pretest (T0) and post-test (T1) eight to ten weeks after the intervention was realized with 45 relatives in contact with an older driver of 65 years old or older and who was driving at least once a week. Overall, the results demonstrated that OSCARPA increased i) interest, openness and knowledge of relatives (p<0...
May 31, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558857/how-s-your-health-at-home-frail-homebound-patients-reported-health-experience-and-outcomes
#10
Margaret J McGregor, Jay Slater, John Sloan, Kimberlyn M McGrail, Anne Martin-Matthews, Shannon Berg, Alyson Plecash, Leila Sloss, Johanna Trimble, Janice M Murphy
We used a web-based mixed methods survey (HowsYourHealth - Frail) to explore the health of frail older (78% age 80 or older) adults enrolled in a home-based primary care program in Vancouver, Canada. Sixty per cent of eligible respondents participated, representing over one quarter (92/350, 26.2%) of all individuals receiving the service. Despite high levels of co-morbidity and functional dependence, 50 per cent rated their health as good, very good, or excellent. Adjusted odds ratios for positive self-rated health were 7...
May 31, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537218/examining-rural-older-adults-perceptions-of-cognitive-health
#11
Juanita Bacsu, Sylvia Abonyi, Marc Viger, Debra Morgan, Shanthi Johnson, Bonnie Jeffery
Existing cognitive health literature focuses on the perspectives of older adults with dementia. However, little is known about the ways in which healthy older adults without dementia understand their cognitive health. In rural communities, early dementia diagnosis may be impeded by numerous factors including transportation challenges, cultural obstacles, and inadequate access to health and support services. Based on participant observation and two waves of 42 semi-structured interviews, this study examined healthy, rural older adults' perceptions of cognitive health...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506321/work-dissatisfaction-and-sleep-problems-among-canadians-in-the-latter-half-of-life
#12
Kyla Brown, Alex Bierman
This study examined the relationship between work dissatisfaction and sleep problems among Canadian adults in the latter half of life, as well as how gender and social contact moderate this relationship. Data were obtained from the Canadian General Social Survey, Cycle 21 (2007), which sampled adults aged 45 and older in 2007. Analyses focused on individuals with employment as their main activity. Analyses show that work dissatisfaction positively predicts trouble sleeping. There are no significant gender differences in this relationship...
May 16, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485269/perceived-support-and-the-retirement-expectations-of-sexual-minority-adults
#13
Steven E Mock, Emily Schryer
Despite the importance of retirement planning among an aging population, little is known about the retirement planning of sexual minority adults (e.g., gay, lesbian, bisexual) and their potentially unique challenges. We compared retirement planning perceptions of these adults with heterosexual adults and examined the potential role of social support. There were no significant differences between sexual minorities and heterosexual adults regarding their expected retirement age, certainty of retirement age, and anticipated income adequacy in retirement, and higher levels of perceived support were associated with younger anticipated retirement age and greater certainty in retirement planning perceptions...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420453/golden-years-or-retirement-fears-private-pension-inequality-among-canada-s-immigrants
#14
Josh Curtis, Naomi Lightman
Currently, many immigrants are disqualified from Canada's public pension scheme because of residency requirements. In addition, decades of low income and labour market exclusion prohibit many Canadian immigrants from building adequate private pension savings throughout their working life. Together, these factors present serious concerns for immigrant seniors' economic well-being. Using Canadian census data spanning a twenty-year period (1991-2011), we find that income from personal savings plans and investments has declined sharply for both native-born and immigrant Canadians, with recent immigrant cohorts faring worst...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412982/social-isolation-in-chinese-older-adults-scoping-review-for-age-friendly-community-planning
#15
M Anum Syed, Lynn McDonald, Corinne Smirle, Karen Lau, Raza M Mirza, Sander L Hitzig
Chinese older adults may be at increased risk of social isolation and loneliness, and a fragmented understanding exists about the challenges they face for social participation in their neighbourhoods and communities. A scoping review was undertaken to describe the current knowledge on social isolation and loneliness in urban-dwelling Chinese older adults living in Western societies to inform future research, practice, and policy in Canada. Nineteen articles met the inclusion criteria. The World Health Organization's age-friendly community framework contextualized the study findings...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399951/research-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-elder-abuse-prevalence-studies
#16
Yongjie Yon, Christopher Mikton, Zachary D Gassoumis, Kathleen H Wilber
Elder abuse is an important public health and human rights issue, yet its true extent is not well understood. To address this, we will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of elder abuse prevalence studies from around the world. This protocol describes the methodological approach to be adopted for conducting this systematic review and meta-analysis. In particular, the protocol describes the search strategies and eligibility criteria to be used to identify and select studies and how data from the selected studies will be extracted for analysis...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390449/snow-and-rain-modify-neighbourhood-walkability-for-older-adults
#17
Philippa Clarke, Jana A Hirsch, Robert Melendez, Meghan Winters, Joanie Sims Gould, Maureen Ashe, Sarah Furst, Heather McKay
The literature has documented a positive relationship between walkable built environments and outdoor mobility in older adults. Yet, surprisingly absent is any consideration of how weather conditions modify the impact of neighbourhood walkability. Using archived weather data linked to survey data collected from a sample of older adults in Vancouver, Canada, we found that car-dependent neighbourhoods (featuring longer block lengths, fewer intersections, and greater distance to amenities) became inaccessible in snow...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366176/walk-the-talk-characterizing-mobility-in-older-adults-living-on-low-income
#18
Anna M Chudyk, Joanie Sims-Gould, Maureen C Ashe, Meghan Winters, Heather A McKay
We provide an in-depth description of the mobility (capacity and enacted function, i.e., physical activity and travel behaviour) of community-dwelling older adults of low socioeconomic status. Participants [n = 161, mean age (range) = 74 (65-96) years] completed interviewer-administered questionnaires and objective measures of mobility. Our findings did not generally indicate that older adults of low socioeconomic status have a reduced capacity to be mobile. Participants presented with positive profiles across physical, psychosocial, and social environment domains that influence the capacity to be mobile...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349859/mental-health-experiences-of-older-adults-living-with-hiv-uncertainty-stigma-and-approaches-to-resilience
#19
Charles Furlotte, Karen Schwartz
This study describes the mental health experiences of older adults living with HIV in Ottawa. Eleven participants aged 52 to 67 completed in-depth personal interviews. Mental health concerns pervaded the lives of these older adults. We identified three central themes common to the participants' stories: uncertainty, stigma, and resilience. For some of these participants, uncertainty impacting mental health centred on unexpected survival; interpretation of one's symptoms; and medical uncertainty. Participants' experiences of stigma included discrimination in health care interactions; misinformation; feeling stigmatized due to aspects of their physical appearance; compounded stigma; and anticipated stigma...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349856/older-adult-spouses-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-challenges-rewards-and-coping-strategies
#20
Shelley Peacock, Bharati Sethi, Allison Williams, Wendy Duggleby, Melanie Bayly, Jenny Swindle, Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid
There is a paucity of research exploring how spouses to older adults with multiple chronic conditions make meaning of their caregiving experience. For this study, we asked: What is the experience of spousal caregivers to persons with multiple chronic conditions? We applied Thorne's interpretive description approach, interviewing 18 spouses who provided a rich description of their caregiving experience; interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed. Themes were categorized according to challenges encountered, rewards gleaned, and sustaining strategies employed by participants in caregiving to their spouse with multiple chronic conditions...
June 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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