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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201941/different-psychosocial-factors-are-associated-with-different-intention-and-self-efficacy-toward-eating-breakfast-among-japanese-breakfast-skippers
#1
Makiko Nakade, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Eri Imai, Nobuyo Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, Nobuo Nishi, Hidemi Takimoto
A cross-sectional study was conducted among 7593 adults to clarify lifestyle and psychosocial characteristics of breakfast skippers with different intention and self-efficacy toward eating breakfast. Data were obtained from Japan's national survey in 2009. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the characteristics of each breakfast skipper (having intention and self-efficacy toward eating breakfast [IS], having intention but not self-efficacy [INS], and not having intention to eat breakfast [NI]) compared with breakfast eaters...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201940/food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-school-absenteeism-among-rural-school-adolescents-in-jimma-zone-ethiopia
#2
Dessalegn Tamiru, Yabsira Melaku, Tefera Belachew
Studies showed that poor health and nutrition among school adolescents are major barriers to educational access and achievements in low-income countries. This school-based study was aimed to assess the association of school absenteeism and food insecurity among rural school adolescents from grades 5 to 8 in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Regression analyses were used to see the strength of association between dependent and independent variables using odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictor of school absenteeism...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201939/a-new-functional-health-literacy-scale-for-japanese-young-adults-based-on-item-response-theory
#3
Takashi Tsubakita, Nobuo Kawazoe, Eri Kasano
Health literacy predicts health outcomes. Despite concerns surrounding the health of Japanese young adults, to date there has been no objective assessment of health literacy in this population. This study aimed to develop a Functional Health Literacy Scale for Young Adults (funHLS-YA) based on item response theory. Each item in the scale requires participants to choose the most relevant term from 3 choices in relation to a target item, thus assessing objective rather than perceived health literacy. The 20-item scale was administered to 1816 university students and 1751 responded...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201938/household-expenditure-on-tobacco-consumption-in-a-poverty-stricken-rural-district-in-sri-lanka
#4
K Manuja N Perera, G N Duminda Guruge, Pushpa L Jayawardana
Tobacco is a determinant of poverty and a barrier for development. Monaragala, a rural, agricultural district, reports the highest poverty-related indicators in southern Sri Lanka. A cross-sectional study was used to describe the household expenditure on tobacco and its association with food- and education-related expenditures at household level. This study used a 4-stage cluster sampling method to recruit a representative sample of 1160 households. Response rate was 98.6%. Median monthly household income was LKR 20 000 (interquartile range [IQR] = LKR 12 000-30 000)...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118735/why-packaging-is-commercially-vital-for-tobacco-corporations
#5
Simon Barraclough, Deborah Gleeson
This study analyses what British American Tobacco (BAT) and its 4 publicly listed Asian subsidiary companies have told their shareholders about the commercial value of tobacco packaging. The discourse on packaging in BAT annual reports was analyzed, revealing themes of modernization, rejuvenation, internationalism, heritage, innovation, value for money, and competitive edge. Packaging was credited with providing existing brands with a competitive edge and enabling the successful "launch" of new ones. Since advertising, sponsorship, and free samples were prohibited in many countries, packaging has become more important for advertising...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118734/metabolic-risk-score-and-vascular-mortality-among-korean-adults
#6
Keum Ji Jung, Yon Ho Jee, Sun Ha Jee
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors. However, rather than using a dichotomous scale, a continuous metabolic syndrome (cMetS) score has been proposed to evaluate MetS because current MetS criteria do not function well in identifying those at high risk of cardiovascular mortality. The objective of this study was to examine the association between cMetS score and vascular mortality among Korean population. We included 441 411 individuals who visited health promotion centers and were given a medical examination from 1994 to 2004...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114799/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
Binns C, Low WY. The Social Determinants of Health in the Age of Genomics. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2016;28: 656-658. DOI: 10.1177/1010539516681387.
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068793/utilization-of-preventive-dental-services-before-and-after-health-insurance-covered-dental-scaling-in-korea
#8
Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920225/log-logistic-proportional-odds-model-for-analyzing-infant-mortality-in-bangladesh
#9
Most Fatima-Tuz-Zahura, Khandoker Akib Mohammad, Wasimul Bari
Log-logistic parametric survival regression model has been used to find out the potential determinants of infant mortality in Bangladesh using the data extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. First, nonparametric product-limit approach has been used to examine the unadjusted association between infant mortality and covariate of interest. It is found that maternal education, membership of nongovernmental organizations, age of mother at birth, sex of child, size of child at birth, and place of delivery play an important role in reducing the infant mortality, adjusting relevant covariates...
December 5, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033717/active-community-based-case-finding-for-tuberculosis-with-limited-resources
#10
Bindu Karki, Guenter Kittel, Ignatius Bolokon, Trevor Duke
Papua New Guinea is one of the 14 highest-burden countries for tuberculosis (TB) infection, but few community-based studies exist. We evaluated a low-cost method of active community case finding in Kabwum and Wasu in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. Over 3 months we visited 26 villages and screened adults and children for symptoms and signs of TB. Sputum samples were examined using smear microscopy. A total of 1700 people had chronic symptoms, of which 267 were suspicious for TB on further examination. Sputum from 230 symptomatic adults yielded 97 samples that were positive for acid-fast bacilli...
December 1, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198651/burden-of-disease-attributable-to-smoking-in-korea
#11
Aqeela Zahra, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Jae-Hyun Park
Smoking is one of the major health threats and is highly prevalent in Korea. This study quantifies the burden of disease (BOD) resulting from smoking by using the most reliable national statistics of Korea. We followed Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2013 methodology for estimating BOD attributable to smoking. Population attributable fraction was calculated for all diseases and multiplied by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) to obtain BOD by each disease. Total burden of smoking in Korea was 1 368 072 DALYs (38 per 1000); 68% of the disease burden was in males and 32% in females...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198650/public-health-in-the-year-of-the-rooster
#12
Colin Binns, Wah-Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198649/fatal-drownings-in-fiji
#13
Kathryn Murray, Peter Carter
Drowning is a newly comprehended public health concern in Fiji. Defined as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersions or immersion in liquid," drowning has been identified as one of Fiji's 5 leading causes of death for those aged 1 to 29 years. The aim of this article was to develop the most parsimonious model that can be used to explain the number of monthly fatal drowning cases in Fiji. Based on a cross-section of 187 drowning incidents from January 2012 to April 2015, this observational study found the number of monthly drownings in Fiji was significantly affected by monthly rainfall ( P = ...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#14
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198647/book-review-work-and-sleep-research-insights-for-the-workplace-barling-j-barnes-cm-carleton-el-wagner-dt-eds-work-and-sleep-research-insights-for-the-workplace-oxford-england-oxford-university-press-2016-isbn-10-0190217669
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198646/tokyo-declaration
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198645/three-decades-of-dengue-surveillance-in-five-highly-endemic-south-east-asian-countries
#17
T A Wartel, A Prayitno, S R S Hadinegoro, M R Capeding, U Thisyakorn, N H Tran, A Moureau, A Bouckenooghe, J Nealon, A-F Taurel
We described and quantified epidemiologic trends in dengue disease burden in 5 Asian countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam) and identified and estimated outbreaks impact over the last 3 decades. Dengue surveillance data from 1980 to 2010 were retrieved from DengueNet and from World Health Organization sources. Trends in incidence, mortality, and case fatality rate (CFR) were systematically analyzed using annual average percent change (AAPC), and the contribution of epidemic years identified over the observation period was quantified...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198644/awards
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920241/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-intervention-on-psychological-behaviors-among-adolescents-with-parental-hiv-infection-a-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Myo-Myo Mon, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Kyaw-Min Htut
This study aims to identify the effectiveness of mindfulness intervention on the psychological behaviors of adolescents with parental HIV infection and its associated factors in Myanmar. A total of 80 adolescents from 2 intervention townships and 80 adolescents from 2 control townships were enrolled in a group randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 6 months follow-up. The mindfulness intervention involved monthly group sessions for 3 consecutive months led by an experienced mindfulness trainer...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920240/factors-related-to-positive-changes-in-perceived-health-status-of-married-han-chinese-and-korean-chinese-women-after-immigration-to-korea
#20
Kana Asano, Si Hyun Ryu, Meejung Chin, Jihyun Yoon
This study aimed to compare factors related to changes in perceived health status of Han Chinese (traditional Chinese) and Korean-Chinese (Chinese nationals of Korean descent) women after immigration to Korea. During summer 2013, a survey was conducted with 151 Han and 158 Korean-Chinese women married to Korean men. Most of the respondents reported either no changes (82%) or positive changes (18%) in their perceived health status after immigration. The results of the multiple logistic regression analyses indicated healthy dietary behavior was related to positive changes in the perceived health status of both groups (odds ratio [OR] = 7...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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