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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Wayne Gao, Mattia Sanna, Li-Ling Huang, Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hua Chen, Hung-Yi Chiou
The increasing popularity of e-cigarettes, especially among adolescents, has alarmed health advocates and government officials, dominating the tobacco control narrative in the past few years. According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, the percentage of Taiwanese teenagers reporting use of e-cigarettes in the past 30 days rose from 2.01% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.82% to 2.23%) in 2014 to 3.54% (95% CI = 3.30% to 3.80%) in 2017. However, during the same period, prevalence of cigarettes declined from 11...
May 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Abdur Rahman Aleemi, Hina Khaliqui, Asima Faisal
This study aimed to evaluate the challenges and patterns of seeking primary health care services in slums of Karachi, where about 60% of the population lives in various informal settlements. We surveyed 8 largest slums of the metropolitan, and analyzed the data both descriptively and inferentially to evaluate the factors associated with health care seeking behavior. Significantly positive association of quality health care seeking behavior and various socioeconomic indicators were found. In addition, substantial insights about the conditions of slum dwellers and health challenges of the population, such as low immunization and low vaccinations, among others, were reported...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Bipin Kumar Acharya, Chunxiang Cao, Min Xu, Wei Chen, Shreejana Pandit
This study describes spatiotemporal distribution and geospatial diffusion patterns of dengue outbreak of 2013 in Jhapa district, Nepal. Laboratory-confirmed dengue cases were collected from the District Public Health Office, Government of Nepal. Choropleth mapping technique, Global Moran's Index, SaTScan, and standard deviational ellipse were used to map and quantify the outbreak dynamics. The results revealed heterogeneous distribution and globally autocorrelated patterns. Local clusters were observed in 3 major urban centers...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Mohammad Taghi Moghadamnia, Ali Ardalan, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Kazem Naddafi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad
The relationship between apparent temperature and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality was studied in Rasht, Iran, from 2005 to 2014. The effects of apparent temperature on CVD mortality were investigated using the distributed lag nonlinear model. Data on all types of cardiovascular mortality cases according to the International Classification of Diseases were collected from the only cardiovascular hospital in Rasht, and the meteorological variables were obtained from Rasht Meteorological Center during the period of study...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hyoung-Ji Lim, Hee-Taik Kang, Jae-Woo Lee
Obesity is global health concern. It is important to understand trends in weight loss attempts from a preventive health standpoint. This study aimed to investigate trends in weight loss attempts among Korean adults. Data from 81 605 adults ≥18 years who participated in the 2005 to 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Participants were classified into 5 groups by body mass index. The percentage of weight loss attempts was standardized with the 2010 Korean Housing Census...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Mark P Connolly, Nikolaos Kotsopoulos, Pichaya Suthipinijtham, Suthat Rungruanghiranya
We evaluate the broader public economic consequences of investments in smoking cessation that change lifetime productivity, which can influence future government tax revenue and social transfer costs and health care spending. The analysis applies a government perspective framework for assessing the intergenerational relationships between morbidity and mortality and lifetime tax revenue and social transfers received. Applying smoking prevalence in Thailand, a cohort model was developed for smoker and former smokers to estimate impact on lifetime direct taxes and tobacco taxes paid...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yu Liang, Hai-Yan Ren, Peng-Xiang Zuo
We explored the association between maternal nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) values in children with rickets in Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. We recruited 514 mothers with children (<2 years) from pediatric outpatient departments. We determined general status of families, maternal nutrition KAP, and 25(OH)D values in 212 children with rickets, with doctors using "Prevention and Treatment Program for Infant and Young Children Rickets" and "Application Guideline for Vitamin D and Bone Health in Adult Chinese (2014 Standard Edition)" to identify...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Mathew Joseph Valamparampil, Ananth Mohan, Chinu Jose, Deepthi Kottassery Sadheesan, Jemin Jose Aby, Prasannakumar Vasudevakaimal, Sara Varghese, Anish Tekkumkara Surendrannair, Achu Laila Ashokan, Resmi Santhakumari Madhusoodhanan, Insija Selene Ilyas, Amjith Rajeevan, Sreekanth Balakrishnan Karthikeyan, Krishna Sulochana Devadhas, Rajesh Raghunath, Sethulekshmi Surendran, Harikrishnan Muraleedharanpillai, Zinia Thajudeen Nujum
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The determinants of CVD in an urban population using conventional and geographic information system techniques were attempted as a community-based census-type cross-sectional study in Kerala, India, among 1649 individuals residing in 452 households. Sociodemographic details, risk factor exposures, and self-reported disease prevalence were determined. Location of houses, wells from which subjects drew drinking water, and distances of the house from the outer road (proxy for air pollution) were mapped using differential global positioning system and pH of water samples determined...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Joseph T F Lau, Zixin Wang, Jinghua Li, Jibin Li, Edith M Y Cheng, Virginia W Y Chan, Wangnan Cao, Yuan Fang, Chunrong Li, Pei Qin
The next generation of public health professionals requires rigorous training in behavioral health, in order to design effective behavioral interventions to respond effectively to the epidemiological transition in China. This study aimed to investigate issues in training in social and behavioral sciences in public health in China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1285 and 835 last-year undergraduate and graduate public health students in 2013. The results showed that (1) majority of undergraduate students but a minority of graduate students had enrolled in psychology, social medicine, and health promotion courses; (2) very few had enrolled in other social and behavioral sciences courses; (3) high percentages of students perceived significance, needs, and interests related to social sciences courses; (4) very few were familiar with commonly used behavioral health theories and constructs, or had applied such theories/constructs to their thesis...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Dolley Tshering, Mongal Singh Gurung, Neyzang Wangmo, Dorji Pelzom, Phudit Tejativaddhana, Laigden Dzed
The World Health Organization estimated that about 800 000 infant deaths could be prevented annually by exclusively breastfeeding infants for the first 6 months of life. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and its associated factors. A total of 192 mothers participated. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding practice in Trongsa district was 97% at 1 month, declining to 58% at 6 months. Mothers who returned to formal work were less likely to exclusively breastfeed than those who were farmers or housewives...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Kyungwoo Kim, Kyujin Jung
OBJECTIVES: We investigated public health emergency management networks during the recent outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus that affected more than 17 000 people in South Korea. METHODS: We administered a survey to 169 organizations in order to map the pattern of communication and response networks during the Middle East respiratory syndrome outbreak. We also conducted 11 semistructured interviews with national, regional, and local government officials to comprehend inhibiting and facilitating factors in risk communication and response to the system...
March 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Tianqi Chen, Hua Liao
Solid fuels, such as coal, straw, and firewood are wildly used for cooking and heating in China, with the negative side effects of indoor air pollution and residential health problems. This article investigates the current and historical trend of China's disease burden caused by indoor air pollution (IAP) at the provincial level. The Global Burden Disease data set and national/provincial yearbooks are used. The results show the following: (1) In recent years, the burden of disease caused by IAP is decreasing; (2) in all health aspects, eastern coastal regions performed better than inland regions; (3) health risk is extremely severe in Henan, Sichuan, and Guizhou provinces; (4) IAP gives rise to serious diseases, including chronic obstructive respiratory diseases and cerebrovascular diseases...
March 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Taik Kang
Our study assessed recent blood pressure (BP) trends according to economic status based on data from 2005 to 2015. In total, 56 873 participants were included and were defined as low, middle-low, middle-high, and high according to their house income quartile. In men, the mean systolic BP ( P < .001, β = -1.95; P = .01, β = -0.61; P = .35, β = -0.19; and P = .04, β = -0.47, from the low to the high group, respectively) and diastolic BP were decreased significantly in all groups ( P < .001, β = -2...
March 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Jonine Jancey, Bruce Maycock, Kahlia McCausland, Peter Howat
Since their introduction to the United States in 2007, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) use has grown exponentially. This rapid growth in e-cigarette use has been heralded by some as a potential important public health measure that could ultimately replace tobacco cigarettes, while others recommend a cautionary approach until there is clear evidence they will not become "new tobacco" bringing a possible myriad of other problems. E-cigarettes may have real benefits, however they do expose users and those nearby to organic compounds, solvents and particulate matter, with there being limited data relating to their health impact...
March 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Junmin Wei, Linlin Fan, Yuhui Zhang, Shirley Li, Jamie Partridge, Ling Claytor, Suela Sulo
Malnutrition and depression are of important concern among older adults. We investigated the association between malnutrition and depression among community-dwelling older Chinese adults and how both affect health care costs. Data from 4916 older adults (age ≥60 years) collected as part of 2013-Wave II China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) survey were analyzed. Measures of body mass index and weight loss were used as indicators of malnutrition. Malnourished subjects were 31% more likely to be depressed than their non-malnourished counterparts (odds ratio = 1...
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sébastien Boyer, Sergio Lopes, Didot Prasetyo, John Hustedt, Ay Sao Sarady, Dyna Doum, Sony Yean, Borin Peng, Sam Bunleng, Rithea Leang, Didier Fontenille, Jeffrey Hii
Dengue fever is a major public health concern, including 185,000 annual cases in Cambodia. Aedes aegypti is the primary vector for dengue transmission and is targeted with insecticide treatments. This study characterized the insecticide resistance status of Ae aegypti from rural and urban locations. The susceptibility to temephos, permethrin, and deltamethrin of Ae aegypti was evaluated in accordance with World Health Organization instructions. All the field populations showed lower mortality rate to temephos compared with the sensitive strain with resistance ratio 50 (RR50 ) varying from 3...
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Xihe Zhu, Justin A Haegele, Yan Tang, Xueping Wu
This study reports the prevalence and demographic correlates of overweight, as well as meeting physical activity and screen time guidelines, in Chinese children. A representative sample of school-aged children ( n = 49 549) in Shanghai were participants. Children's anthropometrics were objectively measured; their physical activity and screen time, and demographic variables including age, sex, skill proficiency, sport affiliation, and transportation mode were self-reported. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted...
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Jakkrite Pinyaphong, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Pikul Phornphibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari
University students are at increased risk of HIV infection, but little is known about the determinants of inconsistent condom use among them. The study aims to assess the association of sociodemographic, individual, dyadic, and social factors with inconsistent condom use among male university students. Of 1091 participants, 67.0% had sexual intercourse, though 64.4% had inconsistent condom use. It was found that "did not use a condom at first sexual intercourse" (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 6.1; CI, 3...
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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