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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Noriyasu Ohida, Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Osamu Itani, Takashi Ohida
This study aimed to investigate the drinking habits of Japanese physicians, and clarify their causal factors. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 6000 male and 1500 female physicians, selected from among members of the Japan Medical Association. We analyzed the correlation of drinking habits with age, medical department, smoking and exercise status, work environment, sleep problems, and mental health. The response rate was 79.4%. Physicians with a heavy drinking habit were most frequently men in their 60s and women in their 20s to 50s...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
R Abdul Raheem, Hui J Chih, Colin W Binns
The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant's health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score ≥13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Xihe Zhu, Justin A Haegele, Yan Tang, Xueping Wu
This study reports the prevalence and demographic correlates of overweight, as well as meeting physical activity and screen time guidelines, in Chinese children. A representative sample of school-aged children ( n = 49 549) in Shanghai were participants. Children's anthropometrics were objectively measured; their physical activity and screen time, and demographic variables including age, sex, skill proficiency, sport affiliation, and transportation mode were self-reported. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Dong Van Hoang, Andy H Lee, Ngoc Minh Pham, Colin W Binns
Increasing prostate cancer incidence in the Asia-Pacific region may be related to a more sedentary lifestyle resulted from economic growth and rapid urbanization. The present case-control study of 640 men aged 64 to 75 years was conducted in Vietnam between 2013 and 2015 to ascertain the relationship between physical activity and prostate cancer risk, accounting for the duration of sitting time. Reduced prostate cancer risks were found for men engaging in medium (15.8-47.3 metabolic equivalent task [MET]-h/week) and high (>47...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Susan Park, Sunmi Pi, Jinseub Hwang, Jae-Heon Kang, Jin-Won Kwon
We evaluated the effects of baseline body mass index (BMI) and its changes over 4 years on all-cause mortality in Korean population. We analyzed 351 735 participants whose BMI was measured in both 2002/2003 and 2006/2007. Mortality was assessed until 2013. Multivariate hazard ratios for all-cause mortality were estimated. Underweight and severe obesity with BMI >30 kg/m2 were significantly associated with higher mortality. Similarly, >5% decrease or >10% increase of BMI for 4 years was associated with the increased risk of death...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Jakkrite Pinyaphong, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Pikul Phornphibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari
University students are at increased risk of HIV infection, but little is known about the determinants of inconsistent condom use among them. The study aims to assess the association of sociodemographic, individual, dyadic, and social factors with inconsistent condom use among male university students. Of 1091 participants, 67.0% had sexual intercourse, though 64.4% had inconsistent condom use. It was found that "did not use a condom at first sexual intercourse" (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 6.1; CI, 3.7-10.1), "history of STIs" (AOR, 2...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Rattanee Kammoolkon, Nutta Taneepanichskul, Nattaporn Pitaknoppakul, Somrat Lertmaharit, Vitool Lohsoonthorn
Incense burning, a source of household indoor air pollution, is possible to effect on cardiovascular system. Our study sought to examine the association of long-term exposure to household incense smoke with increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). A cross-sectional study was conducted 132 adults aged ≥35 years. Participants were stratified into 3 groups by their long-term household incense use; nonexposed group, non-daily exposed group, and daily exposed group. A combined mean CIMT (mean difference = 0...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Junjie Zhou
To effectively facilitate health information sharing and personal information protection in online health communities (OHCs), it is important to examine the factors influencing people's personal information disclosure behavior in OHCs. Five factors were supposed as the predictors of people's personal information disclosure behavior in OHCs. A total of 376 participants in a Chinese online cancer community were analyzed. The empirical results indicate that more participants give more attention to risk factors than motivating factors when they disclose information in OHCs...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Leonard A Crocombe, Penny Allen, Silvana Bettiol, Lucio Frederico Babo Soares
Timor-Leste struggles with problems of poverty and inequalities that underlie many health disparities, including oral health. This study aimed to determine the association between parental education and dental caries in school children aged 6 to 17 years from 40 randomly selected schools in 4 Dili subdistricts. A questionnaire and oral examination collected data and multivariable log binomial models were used for data analysis. Results indicate no association between parental education level and the prevalence of untreated decay in deciduous teeth ( P = ...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yu-Ning Chien, Ping-Ling Chen, Yi-Hua Chen, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Suh-Ching Yang, Yi Chun Chen, Hung-Yi Chiou
The objective of the study was to introduce the methodology and report on cohort description of Taiwan Adolescent to Adult Longitudinal Study (TAALS). TAALS is the first nationwide longitudinal survey among Taiwan adolescents, linked with the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to obtain complete medical records of respondents in the future. The TAALS project employed the principle of probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling method. Data were collected by questionnaire from 18 064 school students participating in 2015 formal survey, with good sample representation via a goodness-of-fit test after weighting adjustments...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Feng-Jen Tsai, Kwanjai Amnatsatsue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Stephanie E Armes, Charity M Somo, Sareth Khann, Desiree M Seponski, Cindy J Lahar, Sovandara Kao, Tanja Schunert
Global suicide rates are steadily increasing, and suicide completions in Asia outnumber those in Western countries. Young females are especially at risk, with higher rates of completion and lack of suicide support because of familial and cultural stigma and constraints. Lack of infrastructure to systematically record suicide deaths and attempts makes studying suicide in low- and middle-income countries challenging. Given the critical public health need for suicide intervention and prevention, research on suicide is crucial...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Ki Tae Park
This study examines how levels of marital quality change the effect of social support on postpartum psychological distress among new Korean mothers using the Panel Study on Korean Children (N = 1585). In accord with findings from previous studies, this study shows that low marital quality negatively affects new mothers' mental health, but that social support alleviates psychological distress independent of marital quality. The main finding of this research is that the moderating effect of social support is contingent on levels of marital quality...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Mi Ah Han
Hand hygiene is a basic but effective strategy against infectious disease. This study investigated an ecological association between hand hygiene and tuberculosis (TB) risk in Korea. Hand hygiene data were obtained from the 2015 Community Health Survey. Information on TB incidence and mortality in 2015 were obtained from the National Infectious Diseases Surveillance System and death monitoring database, respectively. In multiple linear regression analysis, frequent hand washing rates after using the restroom (B = -0...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Qing Wang, Jay Shen, Jennifer Rice, Kaitlyn Frakes
China successfully achieved universal health insurance coverage in 2011. Previous work on the effects of social health insurance in China has overlooked the association between health insurance and inpatient service category as well as the mechanisms of institutional characteristics. This study seeks to estimate the social health insurance difference in inpatient expenditure and service category. The role of institutional characteristics was also studied. The logistic model was applied to estimate the association of social health insurance and service category...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Kana Kazawa, Md Moshiur Rahman, Michiko Moriyama
Medical and long-term care costs are increasing all over the world. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of groups with high cost of medical and long-term care to define targets for curbing social security costs. As a result, for the population covered by the National Health Insurance, a large portion of medical costs were incurred for mental disorders, malignant neoplasms, and lifestyle-related diseases. For those covered by the Late Elderly Health Insurance System, most medical costs were incurred for lifestyle-related diseases, femoral fractures, neurological diseases, mental disorders, pneumonia, malignant neoplasms, and Alzheimer's disease...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Huan-Keat Chan, Shahrul Aiman Soelar, Siti Maisarah Md Ali, Faizah Ahmad, Muhammad Radzi Abu Hassan
The current study examined how the trends in childhood vaccination refusal in Kedah, Malaysia, changed over a 4-year period (2013-2016). Data contributed by 60 public health centers were used to determine the annual incidence rates (per 1000 newborns) of vaccination refusal, and to identify the reasons for refusal among the mothers. The trend analysis revealed a 2.2-times increment in the incidence rates of vaccination refusal from 4.72 in 2013 to 10.51 in 2015, followed by a 52.2% reduction to 5.02 in 2016 ( P = ...
December 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Susi Ari Kristina, Dwi Endarti, Chairun Wiedyaningsih, Arifina Fahamsya, Nurul Faizah
This study aimed to estimate the current prevalence and treatment cost of noncommunicable diseases attributed to tobacco in the Indonesian population in 2015. An epidemiological study was performed. Using the national universal coverage database, we calculated the morbidity and treatment cost of 19 diseases. Proportion of smoking-attributed diseases and treatment costs because of smoking were calculated using smoking-attributable fraction. The study revealed that the morbidity of smoking-related diseases accounted for 991 331 cases, about 21...
December 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yong Hyun Byun, Sang Yeun Kim, Yejin Mok, Youngwon Kim, Sun Ha Jee
PURPOSE: To determine the association between 2-minute heart rate recovery (HRR) and cancer risk. METHODS: Each participant (5379 women; 8485 men) provided HRR obtained from treadmill tests. The outcome was site-specific cancer. RESULTS: Over 9 years of follow-up, 630 cancer events (258 women) were accrued. Slower HRR was associated with increased thyroid cancer risk in women ( P for trend = .0121) and colorectal cancer risk in men ( P for trend = ...
December 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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