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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Yinchao Zhu, Xia Jiang, Hui Li, Yong Wang, Guozhang Xu
Injuries have emerged as a crucial public health concern in China. Data were obtained from the death registry system in Ningbo during 2004-2013. Mortality rates resulting from all injuries and the 6 most common types of injuries were analyzed to identify time trends using linear regression models on both the absolute scale and log scale. A decreased male to female ratio and increasing age were observed among the total injury deaths. The annual all-injury mortality rates declined considerably during the observation period...
October 11, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Aqeela Zahra, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Eun-Whan Lee, Jae-Hyun Park
This study aims to estimate the burden of disease (BOD) due to secondhand smoking (SHS) in Korea. SHS-related diseases were selected via systematic review. Population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated by using standard formula. Disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were estimated using Statistical Office and Health Insurance data. SHS burden was calculated by multiplying nonsmoker's BOD with the PAF of SHS. Total BOD due to SHS was 44 143 DALYs with 57% from males and 43% from females. The highest percentage of SHS burden was due to stroke...
September 19, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Anthonia Ginika Uzoigwe, Wah Yun Low, Siti Nurani Mohd Noor
This study examines work-family role conflict and the factors predicting it, with a sample of 173 professional women in engineering and information technology (IT) firms, including 2 hospitals-1 public and 1 private. Our findings show no significant difference in the level of work-family role conflict encountered by women across medicine, engineering, and IT, whereas hours of work, family responsibilities, job demand, and work role overload were significantly correlated with work-family role conflict. Multiple linear regression analysis indicates that only work role overload, family responsibilities, and hours of work significantly predicted 45...
September 16, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Nirmal Aryal, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Pratik Adhikary, Yadav Kumar Deo Bhatta, Stewart Mann
Approximately 3.5 million Nepalese are working as migrant workers in the Gulf countries, Malaysia, and India. Every year there are more than 1000 deaths and many hundreds cases of injuries among Nepalese workers in these countries excluding India. A postmortem examination of migrant workers is not carried out in most of these countries, and those with work-related injuries are often sent back to home. Uninsured migrant workers also do not have easy access to health care services in host countries due to the high medical and hospital fees...
September 14, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Lucio Frederico Babo Soares, Penny Allen, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
Timor-Leste is one of the poorest countries in the world. The aim of this article was to investigate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and dental caries experience in children living in Dili. Four out of 6 Dili subdistricts and 40 schools were randomly selected. Equal numbers of school children from 4 age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14, 15-17 years) were invited to participate. Data were gathered via a questionnaire and an oral examination by dental practitioners. In bivariate analysis, decayed, missing, and filled teeth index for deciduous + permanent teeth (dmft) was higher in children from mid- to high-SES than low-SES schools (1...
September 11, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yi Zhao, Rohina Joshi, Rasika Rampatige, Jixin Sun, Liping Huang, Shu Chen, Ruijun Wu, Bruce Neal, Alan D Lopez, Andrea L Stewart, Peter T Serina, Cong Li, Jing Zhang, Jianxin Zhang, Yuhong Zhang, Lijing L Yan
Traditionally, verbal autopsies (VA) are collected on paper-based questionnaires and reviewed by physicians for cause of death assignment, it is resource intensive and time consuming. The Population Health Metrics Research Consortium VA questionnaires was made available on an Android-based application and cause of death was derived using the Tariff method. Over one year, all adult deaths occurring in 48 villages in 4 counties were identified and a VA interview was conducted using the smartphone VA application...
September 8, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Thushani Marie Elizabeth Dabrera, L Gayani Tillekeratne, M S Nilanthi Fernando, S T Kaushlya Kasturiaratchi, Truls Østbye
Leprosy is caused by the Mycobacterium leprae bacillus. Pockets of high endemicity remain in a number of countries including Sri Lanka, in spite of the fact that elimination has been achieved at the national level. In 2012, in a village in the Puttlam district, dermatologists reported an increase in individuals with leprosy. This village had been established in the 1990s for people displaced from Northern Sri Lanka during a civil war. A comprehensive household survey was conducted by district health officials from June to July 2012, and all household members present during the survey period were examined for leprosy lesions...
September 6, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Shu-Fen Chu, Wen-Ta Chiu, Hui-Wen Lin, Yung-Hsiao Chiang, Tsan-Hon Liou
The impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the pathogenic hazard ratio (HR) for dementia patients is still controversial. Some studies have supported the association between TBI and dementia, especially for Alzheimer's disease, and our study determined that the HR of dementia patients with and without a history of TBI or repeated TBI (RTBI). We determined the HR for dementia patients with a diagnosis of TBI (n = 12931) and a comparative cohort with age- and gender-matched controls (n = 51724) during 2004-2005, using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Jiyu Kim, Myeonggyun Lee, Inkyung Jung
Spatial pattern detection can be a useful tool for understanding the geographical distribution of cancer mortality. This study compared the results from several special analysis methods to examine the geographical variations in Korean major cancer mortality during 2010 to 2013. The spatial scan statistic and Tango's method were used to detect spatial clusters with unusually high or low rates. The local indicator of spatial association was used for cluster detection with accounting for spatial autocorrelation among adjacent areas...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yingying Su, Yue Ma, Wenwang Rao, Guang Yang, Shibin Wang, Yingli Fu, Yingyu Liu, Yangyu Zhang, Yueyue You, Yaqin Yu, Changgui Kou
A high body mass index (BMI) is a major risk factor for diabetes, although little is known about the characterization of a dose-response association adjusted for potential confounders. This cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2012 to August 2012; a total of 21 435 inhabitants in Jilin Province aged between 18 and 79 years were selected randomly based on multistage, stratified cluster sampling. The estimated prevalence of diabetes was 9.1% overall, 9.4% in males and 8.9% in females. After adjusting for potential confounders, the multivariable-adjusted odds ratios for the BMI-diabetes association were 1...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Bradley T Kerridge, Phu Tran
This study examined husband/partner intoxication and experience with physical, sexual, and emotional intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) using data derived from a nationally representative survey conducted in the Philippines in 2013. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between intoxication and 3 different types of intimate partner violence against women. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine intoxication and severity of violence. In this sample, 28...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Kaan Sözmen, Belgin Unal, Sibel Sakarya, Gonul Dinc, Nazan Yardim, Bekir Keskinkilic, Gül Ergör
The aim of the study was to assess the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on breast and cervical cancer screening among women 30 years and older in Turkey. We used data from the National Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey conducted by the Ministry of Health in 2011. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of sociodemographic factors, lifestyle variables, and cancer screening. Overall, 22.0% of women ever had a Pap smear test for cervical cancer screening and 19...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Eun-Young Lee, Valerie Carson, Justin Y Jeon, John C Spence
This study aimed to describe physical activity (PA) and sitting time, and to examine associations between sociodemographic factors, weight status, PA, and sitting time among South Korean adolescents (12-18 years). Findings are based on self-report data from 638 participants in the 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Only 4.9% of adolescents accumulated 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA daily. Adolescents spent 532.4 ± 9.3 mins/d sitting. After controlling for age and sex, individuals in higher income groups compared with the lowest income group, living in nonmetro Seoul compared with metro Seoul, and who were overweight compared with nonoverweight were more likely to meet PA guidelines...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sophia Lin, Sione Hufanga, Christine Linhart, Stephen Morrell, Richard Taylor, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
Disparate population surveys of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been conducted in Tonga for 4 decades. This study standardizes these surveys to enable assessment of T2DM and obesity trends in Tongans aged 25 to 64 years over 1973-2012, and projects T2DM prevalence to 2020 based on demographic and population weight changes. Eight surveys were standardized to the nearest census to produce nationally representative estimates. Linear period trends and prevalence projections to 2020 were produced using random-effects meta-regression...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Lachla J McIver, Chisato Imai, Petra G Buettner, Paul Gager, Vibol S Chan, Masahiro Hashizume, Steven N Iddings, Hero Kol, Piseth P Raingsey, K Lyne
The DRIP-SWICCH (Developing Research and Innovative Policies Specific to the Water-related Impacts of Climate Change on Health) project aimed to increase the resilience of Cambodian communities to the health risks posed by climate change-related impacts on water. This article follows a review of climate change and water-related diseases in Cambodia and presents the results of a time series analysis of monthly weather and diarrheal disease data for 11 provinces. In addition, correlations of diarrheal disease incidence with selected demographic, socioeconomic, and water and sanitation indicators are described, with results suggesting education and literacy may be most protective against disease...
August 2, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yejin Mok, Christina Jeon, Gyu Jang Lee, Sun Ha Jee
Physical activity has been shown to reduce colorectal cancer risk. However, the association of physical activity levels separately with colon and rectum cancer mortality is less clear. We included 226 089 Korean in a large prospective cohort study. We assessed the associations of physical activity levels (length, frequency, and intensity) with colon and rectum cancer mortality using Cox proportional hazards model. Men, but not women, who had regular physical activity showed a lower risk of death from colon cancer...
August 2, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Bishwajit Ghose, Sanni Yaya, Shangfeng Tang
Undernutrition and micronutrient deficiency disorders together constitute a major public health concern in Bangladesh. Among many vitamin and mineral deficiency diseases, iron-deficiency anemia remains the most persistent and has been shown to contribute to high maternal and child morbidity and mortality in the country. In parallel with micronutrient malnutrition, the country is also experiencing a rising epidemic of overweight and obesity due to changing pattern in dietary behavior and body mass index status...
July 27, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Dulitha Fernando, Jagath Gunatilake
Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor of many non-communicable diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of physical activity among Sri Lankan adults in the district of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The study was carried out among a sample of 1320 adults aged 20 to 59 years, selected using stratified, cluster sampling method. Physical activity was assessed using the long form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire validated for Sri Lanka. The prevalence of sufficient physical activity was 82...
July 27, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hyun-Young Shin, Haewon Lee, Sang Min Park
This study aimed to compare current mental health status between North Korean defectors and South Korean natives. The proportions of depression/anxiety and the experience of suicidal ideation from 593 North Korean defectors were compared with South Koreans (n = 2372). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the associated variables. As a result, the rates of depression/anxiety and suicidal ideation were significantly higher among North Korean defectors. North Koreans also had more than twice the number of escape attempts associated with high rates of depression/anxiety, and being female and single, longer durations of stay abroad, more than twice the number of escape attempts, and longer durations after entrance to South Korea were related to high rates of suicidal ideation...
July 25, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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