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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Xiaojun Liang, Jianxin Zhang, Wenlei Song, Kewei Wang, Baoying Zhang
This study assessed the noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks associated with formaldehyde exposure for employees working in 4 categories of public places in Kunshan City in China. A total of 564 different public places, which can be divided into 4 categories (hotel and social interaction places, bathing and beauty places, cultural and entertainment places, and shopping places), and 2716 indoor air samples in those places were measured from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015. The average concentration of formaldehyde was 0...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Gerard FitzGerald, Michael P Dunne
The study aimed to assess willingness to pay for family-based social health insurance and its determining factors among informal workers in Vietnam. A double-bounded dichotomous choice approach was used to elicit the willingness to pay of 391 heads of uninsured households. The study indicates that 48.8% of 391 uninsured households were willing to pay for family-based health insurance. The households were willing to pay about 921.9 thousand Vietnamese dongs per household per year (US$42). The factors that significantly affected willingness to pay were household income, number of uninsured members in a household, and sickness of the household head...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Fanny Buckinx
In order to address malnutrition, implementation of nutrition actions is needed. While academic institutions will certainly play a part, strong coordination and leadership from major United Nations agencies are needed. To this effect, the World Health Organization has launched a Global Database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA). It contains information collected from various sources, including direct submissions by users. Users can share information on how programs are implemented, including country adaptations and lessons learnt...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Linda S Adair, Christopher Kuzawa, Thomas McDade, Delia B Carba, Judith B Borja
Obesity, hypertension, and diabetes have risen dramatically in Asia, but few cohort studies track age and secular trends in these conditions. We use Cebu (The Philippines) Longitudinal Health and Nutrition survey data to document 1998 to 2015 prevalence and co-occurrence of body mass index (BMI; >25 kg/m2 ), high waist circumference (WC; >80 cm), elevated blood pressure (EBP; systolic ⩾130 or diastolic ⩾85 mm Hg), and type 2 diabetes among ~2000 women aged 29 to 62 years in 1998; and identify their relationship to community, household, and individual factors using longitudinal logistic regression...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yue Li, Zhaokong Yuan, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Wei Yang
Research in western countries has shown that adolescents who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) are at increased risk for depression, but little is known about this relationship among adolescents in China. A school-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1816 high school students in Jiangxi province. Logistic regression was used to explore the relationship between sexual orientation and depressive symptoms. Approximately 4% of participants self-identified as LGB, and 14% reported being unsure of their sexual identity...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Paraniala Silas C Lui, Michael P Dunne, Philip Baker, Verzilyn Isom
Compared with many parts of the world, there has been little research in Pacific Island nations into the effects of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on adult health. This is a significant gap for local evidence-based child protection. We describe findings from a survey of 400 men aged 18 to 70 years recruited from randomly sampled households in Honiara city, Solomon Islands. Most men reported multiple adversities during childhood (80.7% 3 or more; 46% 5 or more), such as exposure to community and domestic violence, bullying, physical maltreatment, and sexual abuse...
August 22, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Nguyen Nhat Cam, Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Tran Mai Kien, Dang Thi Kim Hanh, Nguyen Huu Quyen, Tran Nu Quy Linh, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel Quam, Hoang Van Minh
Dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF) has been an important public health challenge in Viet Nam and worldwide. This study was implemented in 2016-2017 using retrospective secondary data to explore associations between monthly DF/DHF cases and climate variables during 2008 to 2015. There were 48 175 DF/DHF cases reported, and the highest number of cases occurred in November. There were significant correlations between monthly DF/DHF cases with monthly mean of evaporation ( r = 0.236, P < .05), monthly relative humidity ( r = -0...
July 25, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Michiyo Higuchi, Kayo Suzuki, Toyo Ashida, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo
We investigated cross-sectional associations between social support and access to health care among older Japanese people. From larger cohort datasets of community-dwelling people aged 65 years or older, 23 079 respondents were extracted. We summarized patterns of social support by gender and age group, then analyzed associations between social support and the experience of unmet health care needs, as a negative indicator of access. Adjusting for socioeconomic factors, multiple logistic regression identified that respondents who received instrumental support were less likely to experience unmet health care needs except males aged 65 to 69 years...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sungkyoung Choi, Sanghyun Park, So Yoon Kim
We examined the constitutional provisions on the right to health in the Western Pacific region countries and compared universal health coverage (UHC) achievement. In 9 of the 11 countries, the constitution had provisions related to health rights, of which 7 countries also included details related to the health care system. Additionally, 5 countries also had provisions for the vulnerable. The countries with weak state obligation and no clear provisions on health rights (China and Laos) all recorded low UHC achievement scores...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Long-Mei Jin, Ling Xu, Jun Xu, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Lin-Lin Zhang, Li-Hong Zhu, Hui-Bin Yang, Lei Zhang, Yan Yao, Hua Feng
This study investigates the effectiveness of information technology-based 2-way referral in the diagnosis and management of cervical lesions in Minhang District, Shanghai, China. Women who underwent screening for cervical lesions in 4 community health centers constituted the intervention group, whereas women from the other 9 community health centers were included as controls. The diagnosis rate of cervical lesions was higher in the intervention group (7.61%) than in the control group (0.36%; P = .000). The diagnosis rate of early cervical lesion was 97...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Orawan Kaewboonchoo, Akkarawat Awatsadarak, Woraluk Jonglertmontree, Adchara Dejkun
This cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the effects of work-related factors on work ability among young Cambodian migrant workers in Thailand. The participants consisted of 258 Cambodian migrant workers working in farms in the northeast region of Thailand. Work-related factors consisted of a general work environment and a psychosocial factor. General work environment was assessed by perception of subjects on biological, chemical, physical, and ergonomic factors. The psychosocial factor was assessed by the Job Content Questionnaire...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Waqas Asghar, Wahab Nazir, Nauman Khalid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hwang Sik Shin, Jung Eun Oh, Yong Jin Cho
The association between smoking cessation period and metabolic syndrome (MS) is currently unknown. We studied 6032 men aged >19 years who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2010 and 2012. The risk of MS according to the amount of smoking and duration of smoking cessation was examined, and adjusted for age, amount of alcohol consumed, physical activity, body mass index, income, and education levels. Compared with never-smokers, there was a significant increase in the risk of MS among current smokers >10 pack-years and former smokers with a history of pack-years >30...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
William Dominic Ramos, Joel Thomas Greenshields, Eric N Knee, Beth K Kreitl, Kevin J Espirito
Youth drowning continues to be a primary public health issue globally with Eurasian countries experiencing some of the highest recorded rates of injury and death in aquatic settings. The country of Vietnam is currently working toward reducing the number of youth drowning fatalities. Part of these efforts is the introduction of an in-school water safety educational program. For this study, pilot pre/post data were acquired and used to assess overall knowledge acquisition and changes in knowledge of youth in grades 1 to 5 in central Vietnam...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Abdur Rahman Aleemi, Hina Khaliqui, Asima Faisal
This study aimed to evaluate the challenges and patterns of seeking primary health care services in slums of Karachi, where about 60% of the population lives in various informal settlements. We surveyed 8 largest slums of the metropolitan, and analyzed the data both descriptively and inferentially to evaluate the factors associated with health care seeking behavior. Significantly positive association of quality health care seeking behavior and various socioeconomic indicators were found. In addition, substantial insights about the conditions of slum dwellers and health challenges of the population, such as low immunization and low vaccinations, among others, were reported...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hyoung-Ji Lim, Hee-Taik Kang, Jae-Woo Lee
Obesity is global health concern. It is important to understand trends in weight loss attempts from a preventive health standpoint. This study aimed to investigate trends in weight loss attempts among Korean adults. Data from 81 605 adults ≥18 years who participated in the 2005 to 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Participants were classified into 5 groups by body mass index. The percentage of weight loss attempts was standardized with the 2010 Korean Housing Census...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low
The widespread availability and use of E-Cigarettes in many countries has established the need for an assessment of their effect on children. By the end of 2017 the number published annually on E-Cigarettes had increased to 2976 and included 171 papers on E-Cigarettes and children. The objective of this commentary is to provide a review and public health perspective on the effects of E-cigarettes on children. There are four public health questions to be answered: 1. Are E-Cigarettes and replenishing fluids toxic on accidental ingestion? 2...
May 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Wayne Gao, Mattia Sanna, Li-Ling Huang, Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hua Chen, Hung-Yi Chiou
The increasing popularity of e-cigarettes, especially among adolescents, has alarmed health advocates and government officials, dominating the tobacco control narrative in the past few years. According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, the percentage of Taiwanese teenagers reporting use of e-cigarettes in the past 30 days rose from 2.01% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.82% to 2.23%) in 2014 to 3.54% (95% CI = 3.30% to 3.80%) in 2017. However, during the same period, prevalence of cigarettes declined from 11...
May 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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