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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Most Fatima-Tuz-Zahura, Khandoker Akib Mohammad, Wasimul Bari
Log-logistic parametric survival regression model has been used to find out the potential determinants of infant mortality in Bangladesh using the data extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. First, nonparametric product-limit approach has been used to examine the unadjusted association between infant mortality and covariate of interest. It is found that maternal education, membership of nongovernmental organizations, age of mother at birth, sex of child, size of child at birth, and place of delivery play an important role in reducing the infant mortality, adjusting relevant covariates...
December 5, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Bindu Karki, Guenter Kittel, Ignatius Bolokon, Trevor Duke
Papua New Guinea is one of the 14 highest-burden countries for tuberculosis (TB) infection, but few community-based studies exist. We evaluated a low-cost method of active community case finding in Kabwum and Wasu in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. Over 3 months we visited 26 villages and screened adults and children for symptoms and signs of TB. Sputum samples were examined using smear microscopy. A total of 1700 people had chronic symptoms, of which 267 were suspicious for TB on further examination. Sputum from 230 symptomatic adults yielded 97 samples that were positive for acid-fast bacilli...
December 1, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Myo-Myo Mon, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Kyaw-Min Htut
This study aims to identify the effectiveness of mindfulness intervention on the psychological behaviors of adolescents with parental HIV infection and its associated factors in Myanmar. A total of 80 adolescents from 2 intervention townships and 80 adolescents from 2 control townships were enrolled in a group randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 6 months follow-up. The mindfulness intervention involved monthly group sessions for 3 consecutive months led by an experienced mindfulness trainer...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Kana Asano, Si Hyun Ryu, Meejung Chin, Jihyun Yoon
This study aimed to compare factors related to changes in perceived health status of Han Chinese (traditional Chinese) and Korean-Chinese (Chinese nationals of Korean descent) women after immigration to Korea. During summer 2013, a survey was conducted with 151 Han and 158 Korean-Chinese women married to Korean men. Most of the respondents reported either no changes (82%) or positive changes (18%) in their perceived health status after immigration. The results of the multiple logistic regression analyses indicated healthy dietary behavior was related to positive changes in the perceived health status of both groups (odds ratio [OR] = 7...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Belinda Townsend, Deborah Gleeson, Ruth Lopert
The inclusion of elevated standards of intellectual property (IP) protection in the recently negotiated Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement has raised serious public health concerns regarding access to medicines. A lesser-known trade agreement under negotiation in the Asia-Pacific region is the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Framed as an attempt to reassert ASEAN's position in response to the United States-led TPP, RCEP includes key players China and India as well as several low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yinchao Zhu, Xia Jiang, Hui Li, Yong Wang, Guozhang Xu
Injuries have emerged as a crucial public health concern in China. Data were obtained from the death registry system in Ningbo during 2004-2013. Mortality rates resulting from all injuries and the 6 most common types of injuries were analyzed to identify time trends using linear regression models on both the absolute scale and log scale. A decreased male to female ratio and increasing age were observed among the total injury deaths. The annual all-injury mortality rates declined considerably during the observation period...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Aqeela Zahra, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Eun-Whan Lee, Jae-Hyun Park
This study aims to estimate the burden of disease (BOD) due to secondhand smoking (SHS) in Korea. SHS-related diseases were selected via systematic review. Population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated by using standard formula. Disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were estimated using Statistical Office and Health Insurance data. SHS burden was calculated by multiplying nonsmoker's BOD with the PAF of SHS. Total BOD due to SHS was 44 143 DALYs with 57% from males and 43% from females. The highest percentage of SHS burden was due to stroke...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Nirmal Aryal, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Pratik Adhikary, Yadav Kumar Deo Bhatta, Stewart Mann
Approximately 3.5 million Nepalese are working as migrant workers in the Gulf countries, Malaysia, and India. Every year there are more than 1000 deaths and many hundreds cases of injuries among Nepalese workers in these countries excluding India. A postmortem examination of migrant workers is not carried out in most of these countries, and those with work-related injuries are often sent back to home. Uninsured migrant workers also do not have easy access to health care services in host countries due to the high medical and hospital fees...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Dulitha Fernando, Jagath Gunatilake
Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor of many non-communicable diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of physical activity among Sri Lankan adults in the district of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The study was carried out among a sample of 1320 adults aged 20 to 59 years, selected using stratified, cluster sampling method. Physical activity was assessed using the long form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire validated for Sri Lanka. The prevalence of sufficient physical activity was 82...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Tasnima Akter, David Sibbritt, Angela Dawson
Reducing neonatal mortality rates in low- and lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) requires postnatal interventions to be delivered through an appropriately prepared and supported workforce. This review examines health workforce interventions that deliver integrated packages of postnatal care to improve neonatal outcomes in LMICs. We conducted a structured search of peer-reviewed articles published during 2003-2014 that investigated the delivery of postnatal interventions by formal and lay health workers. We selected 13 studies and analyzed them using a narrative synthesis methodology...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Chao Wang, Jie Zhu, Yi Cai, Dan Cui, Quan Wang, Zongfu Mao
The present study aimed to detect the association between social capital and cognitive function in elderly residents with/without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Wuhan, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted for data collection in 2014. A sample of 1156 participants entered the study. Cognitive function was assessed using the Chinese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. A modified instrument scale was used to measure bonding and bridging social capital. The results indicated that participants without MCI had higher social capital scores (45...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Halimah Awang, Sharifah Muhairah Shahabudin, Norma Mansor
This study examined the factors of successful return to employment among participants in the return to work program (RTW) following work-related injury. Data were obtained from the Social Security Organization database containing 9850 injured workers who underwent RTW in 2010 to 2013. About 65% had successfully returned to employment. Significant factors of successful return include gender, employer interest, motivation, age, intervention duration, and type of injury. Male and motivated employees were more likely to return to employment compared with female and unmotivated employees, respectively...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Anthonia Ginika Uzoigwe, Wah Yun Low, Siti Nurani Mohd Noor
This study examines work-family role conflict and the factors predicting it, with a sample of 173 professional women in engineering and information technology (IT) firms, including 2 hospitals-1 public and 1 private. Our findings show no significant difference in the level of work-family role conflict encountered by women across medicine, engineering, and IT, whereas hours of work, family responsibilities, job demand, and work role overload were significantly correlated with work-family role conflict. Multiple linear regression analysis indicates that only work role overload, family responsibilities, and hours of work significantly predicted 45...
September 16, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Lucio Frederico Babo Soares, Penny Allen, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
Timor-Leste is one of the poorest countries in the world. The aim of this article was to investigate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and dental caries experience in children living in Dili. Four out of 6 Dili subdistricts and 40 schools were randomly selected. Equal numbers of school children from 4 age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14, 15-17 years) were invited to participate. Data were gathered via a questionnaire and an oral examination by dental practitioners. In bivariate analysis, decayed, missing, and filled teeth index for deciduous + permanent teeth (dmft) was higher in children from mid- to high-SES than low-SES schools (1...
September 11, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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