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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214841/effect-of-area-level-deprivation-on-cancer-survival-time-a-register-based-follow-up-study-of-145-585-korean-subjects
#1
Minjung Kwak, Changhoon Kim
Our goal is to evaluate the strengths of the associations between area-level deprivation and survival time for a variety of cancers. A total of 145 585 subjects were diagnosed with various cancers in Busan, Korea, and an area-level deprivation index constructed from several important socioeconomic variables. A multilevel Cox model was used in the analysis to investigate the effects of multiple risk factors. After adjusting for gender and age, an increased area-level deprivation index was found to be significantly associated with a higher hazard rate for major cancers...
December 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191049/addiction-to-internet-use-online-gaming-and-online-social-networking-among-young-adults-in-china-singapore-and-the-united-states
#2
Catherine So-Kum Tang, Yee Woen Koh, YiQun Gan
The current study investigated the rates of addictions to Internet use, online gaming, and online social networking as well as their associations with depressive symptoms among young adults in China, Singapore, and the United States. A total of 3267 undergraduate students were recruited. Psychological instruments were used to assess various Internet-related addictions and depressive symptoms. Male students were more addicted to Internet and online gaming whereas female students were more addicted to online social networking...
November 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172643/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-interpersonal-violence-in-people-dying-from-suicide-in-victoria-australia
#3
Michael B MacIsaac, Lyndal Bugeja, Tracey Weiland, Jeremy Dwyer, Kav Selvakumar, George A Jelinek
Victims of interpersonal violence are known to be at increased risk of suicidal ideation and attempts; however, few data exist on the impact that violence has on the risk of death from suicide. This study examined 2153 suicides (1636 males and 517 females) occurring between 2009 and 2012. Information was sourced from the Coroners Court of Victoria's Suicide Register, a detailed database containing information on all Victorian suicides. Forty-two percent of women who died from suicide had a history of exposure to interpersonal violence, with 23% having been a victim of physical violence, 18% suffering psychological violence, and 16% experiencing sexual abuse...
November 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169251/factors-associated-with-meat-safety-knowledge-and-practices-among-butchers-of-ratnanagar-municipality-chitwan-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Gayatri Khanal, Sunita Poudel
Butchers have a huge role in prevention of meat-borne diseases and illness. Hence, this study was conducted to ascertain factors associated with meat hygiene among the butchers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among goat and poultry butchers. None of the butchers fall into "adequate" knowledge and "good" practice category. Butchers who had no side job other than butchering (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.04, CI = 1.11-8.33), had secondary or higher education (aOR = 3.17, CI = 2.60-14.72), greater workload (aOR = 5...
November 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145732/nobel-prizes-nudge-theory-and-public-health
#5
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092629/e-cigarette-use-and-smoking-cessation-among-south-korean-adult-smokers-a-propensity-score-matching-approach
#6
Baksun Sung
Research on the efficacy of e-cigarette use as a smoking cessation tool has yielded inconclusive results. Hence, the objective of this study was to identify the relationship between e-cigarette use and smoking cessation among South Korean adult smokers. This study used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015) of 2965 adult smokers aged 19 years and older. As statistical analysis methods, data were analyzed using the χ(2) test and multiple logistic regression. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to control selection bias, and sociodemographic and smoking-linked factors were used as covariates in PSM...
November 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092628/poor-knowledge-and-nonuse-of-long-acting-permanent-methods-of-contraceptives-in-six-districts-in-indonesia
#7
Christiana R Titaley, Iwan Ariawan, Rita Damayanti, Amry Ismail, A Y Saputri, Fitra Yelda, Nugroho Soeharno, Subarkah, Sarah Harlan, Yunita Wahyuningrum, Douglas Storey
This analysis aimed at examining the association between the level of knowledge about long-acting/permanent methods of contraceptives (LAPM) and nonuse of LAPM among currently married, nonpregnant, and fecund women aged 15 to 49 years intending to limit childbearing. Data were derived from a cross-sectional study in Tuban, Kediri, and Lumajang District (East Java Province) and Lombok Barat, Lombok Timur, and Sumbawa District (Nusa Tenggara Barat Province) in June 2012. Information was obtained from 4323 respondents...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082745/cross-sectional-stepwise-approach-to-surveillance-steps-population-survey-of-noncommunicable-diseases-ncds-and-risk-factors-in-brunei-darussalam-2016
#8
Sok King Ong, Daphne Teck Ching Lai, Justin Yun Yaw Wong, Khairil Azhar Si-Ramlee, Lubna Abdul Razak, Norhayati Kassim, Zakaria Kamis, David Koh
This article provides a cross-sectional weighted measurement of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and risk factors prevalence among Brunei adult population using WHO STEPS methodology. A 2-staged randomized sampling was conducted during August 2015 to April 2016. Three-step surveillance included (1) interview using standardized questionnaire, (2) blood pressure and anthropometric measurements, and (3) biochemistry tests. Data weighting was applied. A total of 3808 adults aged 18 to 69 years participated in step 1; 2082 completed steps 2 and 3 measurements...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037054/exposure-to-tobacco-advertising-promotion-among-the-adult-population-in-vietnam-and-its-implications-for-public-health
#9
Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Tran Thi Van Anh, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Pham Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Tran Nu Quy Linh, Nguyen Thanh Ha, Hoang Van Minh
INTRODUCTION: The Law on Tobacco Control and the Law on Advertisement prohibit the advertising of any tobacco product in Vietnam. Tobacco promotion and marketing are alsostrictly prohibited. However, the violation of tobacco adverting and promotion is still common in Vietnam. OBJECTIVES: This article aims at describing the exposure to tobacco advertising and promotion among the population aged 15+ years in Vietnam based on the data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2015 from the view of the community, identifying any possible associations between the exposure to tobacco advertising and promotion and other individual factors, and discussing its possible public health implications...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037053/microorganisms-as-an-indicator-of-hygiene-status-among-migrant-food-handlers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#10
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
This study used microbial indicators to assess the hygiene status of 383 migrant food handlers from 3 urban cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Microbiological analysis revealed that all the hand swabs tested 99.5% positive for aerobic plate counts (mean [M] ± standard deviation [SD] = 3.57 ± 0.83 log10CFU [colony forming unit]), 20.8% positive for total coliform/ Escherichia coli (M ± SD = 0.30 ± 0.67 log10CFU), and 63.4% positive for Staphylococcus aureus (M ± SD = 1.38 ± 1.26 log10CFU). In addition, aerobic plate counts and Staphylococcus aureus counts exceeded the acceptable standard levels...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020801/factors-influencing-influenza-vaccination-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Jin Hwang, Jae Ho Chung
This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with vaccination coverage among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Korea using the fourth to the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV, V, VI). A total of 16 812 subjects aged 40 years and older who underwent spirometry and had an "influenza vaccination history" were analyzed. The vaccination rate of middle-aged (40-64 years) COPD patients was only 31.9%; whereas, the vaccination rate of elderly (65 years and older) COPD patients was 80...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990398/assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-antibiotics-among-the-general-public-attending-the-outpatient-pharmacy-units-of-hospitals-in-bhutan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Tshokey Tshokey, Deepika Adhikari, Thupten Tshering, Sangay Wangmo, Kinley Wangdi
We assessed the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices on antibiotics through a questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey among the general public in Bhutan. Of the 692 participants, 52.6% (364) were females with a mean age of 34.2 years. More than half of the respondents showed unsatisfactory knowledge varying significantly from 23.1% to 69.6%. Cotrimoxazole (septran) was the least known while amoxicillin was the most known antibiotics assessed. Two-thirds of the responsents (267) knew that inappropriate use of antibiotics could lead to antimicrobial resistance and 89% (319) were aware of the need to complete the antibiotic courses...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094636/health-promotion-in-the-asia-pacific-region-an-ongoing-challenge
#13
Colin Binns, Wah-Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094635/medal-of-merit-award
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094634/kazue-k-mclaren-leadership-achievement-award
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094633/taipei-statement-on-capacity-building-for-health-promotion-asia-pacific-health-promotion-capacity-building-forum-september-7-9-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094632/anthropometric-characteristics-and-physical-fitness-in-rural-and-urban-11-to-16-year-old-melanesian-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-new-caledonian-schools
#17
Paul Zongo, Stephane Frayon, Sophie Antoine-Jonville, Guillaume Wattelez, Pierre-Yves Le Roux, Olivier Hue, Olivier Galy
We evaluated anthropometric characteristics and physical fitness in 556 Melanesian adolescents from rural and urban New Caledonia to build health education programs focused on physical activity. In 2013, body weight, height, skinfold thickness, lean body mass (LBM), percentage fat body mass (%FBM), physical fitness (power, agility, speed, maximal aerobic speed [MAS], estimated VO2max), and self-reported physical activity were assessed. Rural adolescents were significantly shorter and faster, had lower weight, %FBM, LBM, and power output and similar MAS and VO2max, and were more active than urban adolescents...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094631/acculturation-and-dietary-intakes-by-gender-among-mongolians-in-south-korea-nutrition-education-implication-for-multicultural-families
#18
Hae Ryun Park, Zuunnast Tserendejid, Joung Hee Lee, Young Suk Lim
We explored the relationship between acculturation and dietary intake by gender for 500 Mongolians residing in South Korea. The high acculturation (HA) group females consumed more fish and shellfish, vegetables, beans, and rice, and less meats, flours, and oil than the low acculturation (LA) group did. However, there was no statistical difference in food group intake between HA and LA group males. HA group females showed higher intake of carbohydrates, fiber, sodium, potassium, calcium, vitamin A, and folate compared with LA group females...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#19
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019257/catastrophic-health-expenditure-among-colorectal-cancer-patients-and-families-a-case-of-malaysia
#20
Meram Azzani, Abqariyah Yahya, April Camilla Roslani, Tin Tin Su
This study aimed to estimate the cost of colorectal cancer (CRC) management and to explore the prevalence and determinants of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) among CRC patients and their families arising from the costs of CRC management. Data were collected prospectively from 138 CRC patients. Patients were interviewed by using a structured questionnaire at the time of the diagnosis, then at 6 months and 12 months following diagnosis. Simple descriptive methods and multivariate binary logistic regression were used in the analysis...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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