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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Tran Thi Van Anh, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Pham Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Tran Nu Quy Linh, Nguyen Thanh Ha, Hoang Van Minh
INTRODUCTION: The Law on Tobacco Control and the Law on Advertisement prohibit the advertising of any tobacco product in Vietnam. Tobacco promotion and marketing are alsostrictly prohibited. However, the violation of tobacco adverting and promotion is still common in Vietnam. OBJECTIVES: This article aims at describing the exposure to tobacco advertising and promotion among the population aged 15+ years in Vietnam based on the data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2015 from the view of the community, identifying any possible associations between the exposure to tobacco advertising and promotion and other individual factors, and discussing its possible public health implications...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
This study used microbial indicators to assess the hygiene status of 383 migrant food handlers from 3 urban cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Microbiological analysis revealed that all the hand swabs tested 99.5% positive for aerobic plate counts (mean [M] ± standard deviation [SD] = 3.57 ± 0.83 log10CFU [colony forming unit]), 20.8% positive for total coliform/ Escherichia coli (M ± SD = 0.30 ± 0.67 log10CFU), and 63.4% positive for Staphylococcus aureus (M ± SD = 1.38 ± 1.26 log10CFU). In addition, aerobic plate counts and Staphylococcus aureus counts exceeded the acceptable standard levels...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hyun-Young Shin, Hee-Jin Hwang, Jae Ho Chung
This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with vaccination coverage among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Korea using the fourth to the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV, V, VI). A total of 16 812 subjects aged 40 years and older who underwent spirometry and had an "influenza vaccination history" were analyzed. The vaccination rate of middle-aged (40-64 years) COPD patients was only 31.9%; whereas, the vaccination rate of elderly (65 years and older) COPD patients was 80...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Tshokey Tshokey, Deepika Adhikari, Thupten Tshering, Sangay Wangmo, Kinley Wangdi
We assessed the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices on antibiotics through a questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey among the general public in Bhutan. Of the 692 participants, 52.6% (364) were females with a mean age of 34.2 years. More than half of the respondents showed unsatisfactory knowledge varying significantly from 23.1% to 69.6%. Cotrimoxazole (septran) was the least known while amoxicillin was the most known antibiotics assessed. Two-thirds of the responsents (267) knew that inappropriate use of antibiotics could lead to antimicrobial resistance and 89% (319) were aware of the need to complete the antibiotic courses...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Meram Azzani, Abqariyah Yahya, April Camilla Roslani, Tin Tin Su
This study aimed to estimate the cost of colorectal cancer (CRC) management and to explore the prevalence and determinants of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) among CRC patients and their families arising from the costs of CRC management. Data were collected prospectively from 138 CRC patients. Patients were interviewed by using a structured questionnaire at the time of the diagnosis, then at 6 months and 12 months following diagnosis. Simple descriptive methods and multivariate binary logistic regression were used in the analysis...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Stéphane Frayon, Yolande Cavaloc, Guillaume Wattelez, Sophie Cherrier, Yannick Lerrant, Olivier Galy
We examined the accuracy of self-reported weight and height in New Caledonian school-going adolescents. Self-reported and measured height and weight data were collected from 665 adolescents of New Caledonia and were then compared. Multivariable logistic regressions identified the factors associated with inaccurate self-reports. Sensitivity and specificity of self-reported body mass index values to detect overweight or obesity were evaluated. Self-reported weight was significantly lower than measured weight (boys, -3...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Francisco T T Lai, Wikki W K Wong, Joyce L Y Kwan
To facilitate effective tobacco control, it is important to identify the socioeconomic strata in which different quitting motives are more strongly associated with cessation. This study aims to examine such a moderating role of socioeconomic background. A total of 2022 past or current daily smoking men from the Hong Kong Thematic Household Survey 2010 who had attempted for cessation were analyzed. Binary socioeconomic indicators, quitting motives, and 1-year abstinence were entered in an exploratory backward-stepwise log-linear model, followed by a binary logistic regression to estimate the probability of one-year abstinence in each socioeconomic stratum...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Budi Aji, Shafiu Mohammed, Md Aminul Haque, Manuela De Allegri
Our study examines the incidence and intensity of catastrophic and impoverishing health spending in Indonesia. A panel data set was used from 4 waves of the Indonesian Family Life Surveys 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2007. Catastrophic health expenditure was measured by calculating the ratio of out-of-pocket payments to household income. Then, we calculated poverty indicators as a measure of impoverishing spending in the health care financing system. Head count, overshoot, and mean positive overshoot for each given threshold in 2000 were lower than other surveyed periods; otherwise, fraction headcount in 2007 of households were the higher...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yeonjin Lee
The article contributes to the literature on health inequalities by examining the associations between early-life socioeconomic status (SES), height, and functional limitations in later life among Korean men and women. The findings were based on 1562 men and 1801 women aged 50 to 79 years who participated in the 2005 Korean Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS). Among men, 17.8% reported having functional limitations, compared to 31.8% among women. The ordered logistic regression analyses showed that for Korean men, the relative contribution of early-life SES to functional health was less important than that of adult SES...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Youngmi Kang, Heesook Son
The rate of and factors influencing colorectal cancer screening differs by gender. We aimed to determine the behaviors for and predict the factors influencing self-reported colorectal cancer screening in Korean adults. Secondary analysis was performed with data from the cross-sectional 2012 Community Health Survey. We examined the relationship between gender and self-reported screening using data for 115 045 adults aged ≥50 years; 62.4% of men and 65.5% of women underwent colorectal cancer screening. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, men with private insurance and who attended regular health checkups were more likely to undergo screening; men who were employed, ate salty food, were older, or smoked were less likely...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Hao Li, Xinliang Liu, Dan Cui, Quan Wang, Zongfu Mao, Liang Fang, Furong Zhang, Ping Yang, Huiling Wu, Nili Ren, Jianyun He, Jing Sun
This study estimated the attributable direct medical economic burden of health care-associated infections (HAIs) in China. Data were extracted from hospitals' information systems. Inpatient cases with HAIs and non-HAIs were grouped by the propensity score matching (PSM) method. Attributable hospitalization expenditures and length of hospital stay were measured to estimate the direct medical economic burden of HAIs. STATA 12.0 was used to conduct descriptive analysis, bivariate χ(2) test, paired Z test, PSM ( r = 0...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Phuong Dung Yun Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jennifer K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
The aim of this study was to investigate how breast density interacted with demographic, reproductive, and lifestyle features among Vietnamese women. Mammographic density and established risk factors for breast cancer were collected from 1651 women (345 cancer cases and 1306 normal cases) in Vietnam. The association of breast density categories with potential risk factors was investigated using Spearman's test for continuous variables and χ(2) tests for categorical variables. Independent factors associated with high breast density and breast cancer in specific density groupings were assessed using logistic regression...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Caryn Bredenkamp, Leander R Buisman
This article assesses trends and inequalities in maternal and child health in the Philippines between 1993 and 2013, using 6 national household surveys, and also compares the Philippines' performance to 15 other Asia-Pacific countries. Thirteen indicators of child health outcomes and maternal and child health interventions are examined. Two measures of inequality are used: the absolute difference between the poorest and wealthiest quintile, and the concentration index. Coverage of all indicators has improved, both on average and among the poorest quintile; however, increases are very small for child health interventions (especially immunization coverage)...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sun Kyung Kim, Seyeon Park, Sukhee Ahn
The rapid influx of married immigrant women from low-income Asian countries is a concern in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. In South Korea, 1 in 10 couples includes a Korean man and a migrant woman, increasing the need for prenatal and postnatal care interventions. Studies published in English or Korean after 2000 were retrieved from 8 databases and reviewed via a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of prenatal and postnatal psychosocial and educational interventions in Korea. Of 3583 records, 10 studies (1 randomized controlled trial [RCT] and 9 non-RCTs) involving 408 married immigrant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Joyce H S You, Kin-Wing Choi, Tin-Yau Wong, Margaret Ip, Wai-Kit Ming, Rity Yee-Kwan Wong, Sze-Ngai Chan, Hoi-Tung Tse, Carrie T S Chau, Nelson L S Lee
We aimed to describe disease burden, characteristics, and outcomes of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infection (BSI) in Hong Kong. A retrospective, observational study was conducted in 26 Hong Kong public hospitals between January 2010 and December 2012. The primary outcome measures were 30-day mortality rate and infection-related hospital cost. Of 1133 patients reviewed, 727 (64.17%) were male, 1075 (94.88%) had health care-associated community-onset and 44 (3.88%) had hospital-onset MRSA infection...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sharvari Dilip Malshe, Shobha Anand Udipi
We compared waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with traditional anthropometric indices in healthy women aged 21 to 45 years from urban slums of Mumbai city, India. Lipid profile and inflammatory markers were measured in a subsample of 200 women, and their relationship with WHtR was examined. Mean WHtR was 0.50 ± 0.1, but a little more than half (51.9%) of the women had WHtR ≥0.50. WHtR could correctly identify centrally obese adult women, even when they were categorized as healthy or normal according to body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, and percentage body fat...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Azainorsuzila Ahad, Ee Ming Khoo
Children with uncontrolled asthma have high risk of poor health outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess asthma control and care in primary school children with reported asthma. A total of 6441 primary school children were first screened for parent-reported physician-diagnosed asthma and 448 (8.9%) children were reported to have asthma. Of these, 311 (69.4%) parents agreed to participate in assessment of asthma control study using Global Initiative for Asthma 2009 guidelines. Only 161 (51.8%) children were found to have good asthma control, 99 (31...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Vui Thi Le, Duc Minh Duong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui, Cuong Viet Pham, Thi Minh Le, Bich Huu Tran
This study aimed to explore the association of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and imbalanced sex ratio at birth (SRB) in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong. The data were collected from a longitudinal study using a community-based periodic, referred as Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB HDSS) during 2004 to 2013. A total of 7568 children were analyzed. Results showed that SRB in Chi Linh dramatically increased to the imbalanced sex ratio (114.6 boys to 100 girls) by 2013...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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