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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345787/family-based-health-insurance-for-informal-sector-workers-in-vietnam-why-does-enrolment-remain-low
#1
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Gerard FitzGerald, Michael Dunne
Providing financial protection to the whole population is a top health policy priority of many countries. However, expanding social health insurance coverage to the "informal sector worker" is a challenge in many developing countries. This study analyzed the reasons for the limited coverage of health insurance for informal sector workers. Direct interviews were carried out with 391 uninsured households in Vietnam, followed by in-depth interviews with 11 key stakeholders. The study offers several possible explanations for the low enrollment in family-based health insurance scheme at both the demand and supply sides, such as inability to pay the premium, lack of information, perceived poor quality of primary health care services, and complicated enrollment procedures...
October 20, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338696/older-community-residents-who-participate-in-group-activities-have-higher-daily-physical-activity-levels-and-lower-medical-costs
#2
Takeshi Otsuki
Participation in a group activity improves levels of activities of daily living and self-rated health in community-dwelling older adults. However, whether the group activity is associated with daily physical activity (PA) levels and medical costs has not yet been explored. The author administered a questionnaire to participants of group activities for community-dwelling older adults. Levels of daily PA were greater in those who participated once a month (n = 1147), twice a month (n = 1432), and 4 times a month (n = 635) compared with nonparticipating counterparts (n = 570)...
October 19, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306796/an-occupational-health-education-program-for-thai-farmers-exposed-to-chlorpyrifos
#3
Peerayut Rattanaselanon, Srirat Lormphongs, Sirirat Chanvaivit, Ikuharu Morioka, Panawat Sanprakhon
The majority of the farmers in this sample of Thai farmers did not use sufficient self-protective behaviors when using the organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos. Most were directly exposed to chlorpyrifos, potentially leading to illnesses. The aim of this study was to improve safety behaviors when using chlorpyrifos by an occupational health education program. A controlled trial (n = 70) of an occupational health education program was undertaken in rural Thailand prior to the occupational health education program...
October 11, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288986/technology-in-public-health-higher-education
#4
Philip R A Baker, Daniel Demant, Abby Cathcart
Streamed and recorded lectures as well as audience response technology are increasingly used in public health tertiary education, to train practitioners to address Asia-Pacific region's rapidly changing health needs. However, little is known about the impact on student performance, satisfaction, and understanding. This study aimed to assess postgraduate students' perceptions and their use of technology in a large epidemiology subject at an Australian university in internal and external modes. The study used both routinely collected student data (n = 453) and survey data (n = 88)...
October 5, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30256673/current-smoking-behavior-among-medical-students-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Lu Niu, Ying Liu, Dan Luo, Shuiyuan Xiao
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of current smoking among medical students in mainland China through a systematic search across 6 electronic databases for English or Chinese studies published before May 25, 2018. A total of 79 studies were included; 26 had a high risk of bias. The overall pooled prevalence of current smoking was 10.93% (7460/68 253; 95% confidence interval = 0.09%, 13.08%, I2 = 98.6%). This study found a decreasing prevalence of current smoking over the period studied (survey year range of 1988-2014)...
September 26, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30256653/water-supply-sanitation-and-medical-waste-treatment-and-disposal-at-commune-health-centers-in-vietnam
#6
Le Thi Thanh Huong, Le Thi Kim Anh, Tran Khanh Long, Tran Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Thi Huong, Nguyen Thanh Ha, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh
Water hygiene, sanitation, and proper management of health care wastes at health care facilities are important in preventing infections and improving health and the environment. This article describes the access to safe water and sanitation facilities and the disposal of medical wastes at commune health centers (CHCs) in Vietnam. Data was extracted from the 2015 World Bank Vietnam District and Commune Health Facility Survey. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was applied to identify associations of CHCs' access to improved water and sanitation and their medical waste management...
September 26, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244586/hepatitis-b-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-foreign-born-asian-and-pacific-islander-population-at-a-community-health-center-in-hawai-i
#7
Aileen Ferrer, Alan R Katz, Eric L Hurwitz, Thaddeus Pham
Hawai'i has one of the highest rates of liver cancer in the United States. This is in large part due to undiagnosed chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection among foreign-born Asian and Pacific Islanders (APIs). In order to estimate the prevalence of CHB infection among foreign-born APIs in Hawai'i, the Hawai'i State Department of Health conducted a cross-sectional study from August 2013 through August 2015 of patients of a federally qualified health center serving the largest population of medically underserved APIs in the state...
September 22, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221982/the-public-health-challenge-of-ending-malnutrition-the-relevance-of-the-world-health-organization-s-gina-database
#8
Fanny Buckinx
In order to address malnutrition, implementation of nutrition actions is needed. While academic institutions will certainly play a part, strong coordination and leadership from major United Nations agencies are needed. To this effect, the World Health Organization has launched a Global Database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA). It contains information collected from various sources, including direct submissions by users. Users can share information on how programs are implemented, including country adaptations and lessons learnt...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221972/sexual-orientation-and-depressive-symptoms-among-high-school-students-in-jiangxi-province
#9
Yue Li, Zhaokong Yuan, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Wei Yang
Research in western countries has shown that adolescents who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) are at increased risk for depression, but little is known about this relationship among adolescents in China. A school-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1816 high school students in Jiangxi province. Logistic regression was used to explore the relationship between sexual orientation and depressive symptoms. Approximately 4% of participants self-identified as LGB, and 14% reported being unsure of their sexual identity...
September 15, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324823/effectiveness-of-a-weight-management-program-applying-mobile-health-technology-as-a-supporting-tool-for-overweight-and-obese-working-women
#10
Roscharin Siriwoen, Rewadee Chongsuwat, Supreya Tansakul, Sukhontha Siri
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a weight management program applying mobile health (mHealth) technology as a supporting tool. A quasi-experimental research with a 1-group pretest and posttest design was conducted. Thirty-eight overweight and obese working women, aged 25 to 52 years, who were ready to take action on weight loss participated in a 12-week weight management program. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to examine the mean differences in related variables. The results showed that the mean weight and waist circumference of the participants significantly decreased from baseline to post-intervention (week 6) and follow-up (week 12; 72...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324822/a-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-schistosomiasis-in-hunan-province-china
#11
Enru Wang, Zhengyuan Zhao, Changhong Miao, Zhongcai Wu
Based on annual parasitological data recently collected at county and village levels, this article presents a multiscale spatiotemporal analysis of transmission risk of schistosomiasis japonica in Hunan Province during 2001 to 2015 in a geographic information system environment. The study shows that the incidence and prevalence rate of human Schistosoma japonicum infection in Hunan Province decreased after 2001. A spatial autocorrelation analysis reveals the existence of spatial clusters of human Schistosoma japonicum infection and a growing tendency of spatial clustering over time...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324821/health-literacy-physical-and-mental-health-and-activities-of-daily-living-among-older-chinese-adults-in-nursing-homes
#12
Yong-Bing Liu, Ling-Ling Xue, Hui-Ping Xue, Ping Hou
It is very important to estimate the prevalence of inadequate health literacy and determine whether or not health literacy level differences predict the physical and mental health status of older adults. A cluster sampling method was selected. A total of 1396 older adults were interviewed. Three instruments were included: the Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire, Short Form 36, and Activity of Daily Living (ADL) Scale. The health literacy scores were very low (71.74 ± 28.35). The physical and mental health scores were all moderate...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261738/effectiveness-of-tuberculosis-screening-technology-in-the-initiation-of-correct-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-thailand-comparative-analysis-of-xpert-mtb-rif-versus-sputum-afb-smear
#13
Jiraporn Khumsri, Narin Hiransuthikul, Piya Hanvoravongchai, Charoen Chuchottaworn
Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is one of the top 10 causes of mortality worldwide in 2016. Early detection is very important, as it can help early treatment. This study compared 2 separate methods of diagnosing PTB among suspected patients, specifically examining correct diagnosis and the duration of receiving a correct diagnosis. It was carried out in a tertiary care public hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups, one with the Xpert MTB/RIF ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampicin) and the other with sputum AFB (acid-fast bacilli) smear...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244588/the-national-health-service-alma-ata-and-the-great-western-china-earthquake-important-public-health-anniversaries-to-remember
#14
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221985/formaldehyde-exposure-in-indoor-air-from-public-places-and-its-associated-health-risks-in-kunshan-city-china
#15
Xiaojun Liang, Jianxin Zhang, Wenlei Song, Kewei Wang, Baoying Zhang
This study assessed the noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks associated with formaldehyde exposure for employees working in 4 categories of public places in Kunshan City in China. A total of 564 different public places, which can be divided into 4 categories (hotel and social interaction places, bathing and beauty places, cultural and entertainment places, and shopping places), and 2716 indoor air samples in those places were measured from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015. The average concentration of formaldehyde was 0...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221983/family-based-social-health-insurance-for-informal-workers-in-vietnam-willingness-to-pay-and-its-determinants
#16
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Gerard FitzGerald, Michael P Dunne
The study aimed to assess willingness to pay for family-based social health insurance and its determining factors among informal workers in Vietnam. A double-bounded dichotomous choice approach was used to elicit the willingness to pay of 391 heads of uninsured households. The study indicates that 48.8% of 391 uninsured households were willing to pay for family-based health insurance. The households were willing to pay about 921.9 thousand Vietnamese dongs per household per year (US$42). The factors that significantly affected willingness to pay were household income, number of uninsured members in a household, and sickness of the household head...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221978/seventeen-year-changes-in-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-elevated-blood-pressure-and-diabetes-phenotypes-in-a-cohort-of-filipino-women
#17
Linda S Adair, Christopher Kuzawa, Thomas McDade, Delia B Carba, Judith B Borja
Obesity, hypertension, and diabetes have risen dramatically in Asia, but few cohort studies track age and secular trends in these conditions. We use Cebu (The Philippines) Longitudinal Health and Nutrition survey data to document 1998 to 2015 prevalence and co-occurrence of body mass index (BMI; >25 kg/m2 ), high waist circumference (WC; >80 cm), elevated blood pressure (EBP; systolic ⩾130 or diastolic ⩾85 mm Hg), and type 2 diabetes among ~2000 women aged 29 to 62 years in 1998; and identify their relationship to community, household, and individual factors using longitudinal logistic regression...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132341/adverse-childhood-experiences-mental-health-and-risk-behaviors-among-men-in-the-solomon-islands
#18
Paraniala Silas C Lui, Michael P Dunne, Philip Baker, Verzilyn Isom
Compared with many parts of the world, there has been little research in Pacific Island nations into the effects of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on adult health. This is a significant gap for local evidence-based child protection. We describe findings from a survey of 400 men aged 18 to 70 years recruited from randomly sampled households in Honiara city, Solomon Islands. Most men reported multiple adversities during childhood (80.7% 3 or more; 46% 5 or more), such as exposure to community and domestic violence, bullying, physical maltreatment, and sexual abuse...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045631/climate-variability-and-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever-in-hanoi-viet-nam-during-2008-to-2015
#19
Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Nguyen Nhat Cam, Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Tran Mai Kien, Dang Thi Kim Hanh, Nguyen Huu Quyen, Tran Nu Quy Linh, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel Quam, Hoang Van Minh
Dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF) has been an important public health challenge in Viet Nam and worldwide. This study was implemented in 2016-2017 using retrospective secondary data to explore associations between monthly DF/DHF cases and climate variables during 2008 to 2015. There were 48 175 DF/DHF cases reported, and the highest number of cases occurred in November. There were significant correlations between monthly DF/DHF cases with monthly mean of evaporation ( r = 0.236, P < .05), monthly relative humidity ( r = -0...
September 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175609/remembering-gustav-klimt-and-50-million-others-the-100-year-anniversary-of-the-greatest-human-epidemic
#20
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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