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Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

Sébastien Urben, Gregory Mantzouranis, Vanessa Baier, Olivier Halfon, Eva Villard, Laurent Holzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
John Goodwin, Eileen Savage, Aine Horgan
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young people are known to hold negative views about mental illness. There is less known about their beliefs about mental health services and care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically examine literature on the beliefs of adolescents and young people from the general population about mental health services and care. Factors that positively and negatively influence these beliefs are also explored. METHODS: Relevant electronic databases were searched for papers published in the English language between January 2004 and October 2015...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Keith O Plowden, Linda Thompson Adams, Dana Wiley
Depression is a common mental disorder affecting individuals. Although many strides have been made in the area of depression, little is known about depression in special populations, especially African American men. African American men often differ in their presentation of depression and are often misdiagnosed. African American men are at greater risk for depression, but they are less likely to participate in mental health care. This article explores depression in African American by looking at environmental factors, sigma, role, and other unique to this populations, such as John Henryism...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Neslihan Keser Özcan, Sevil Günaydın, Elif Tuğçe Çitil
AIM: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for domestic violence against women in Turkey. BACKGROUND: The data about domestic violence against women point out a serious problem all around the world along with including cultural differences. DESIGN: The prevalence of domestic violence against women was determined through a meta-analysis, and the risk factors were determined through a systematic review. A systematic search of eight electronic databases was conducted...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Masako Kageyama, Phyllis Solomon, Keiko Yokoyama
The present study investigated the relationship between violence and psychological distress experienced by parents of patients with schizophrenia. Questionnaire data from 379 parents were analyzed. A total of 151 parents (39.8%) had not experienced violence in the past year, whereas 96 (25.3%) and 132 (34.8%) had experienced psychological violence only or physical violence, respectively. A total of 216 (57.0%) of parents reported being psychologically distressed. Multiple logistic regression revealed that the risk of psychological distress significantly increased with the experience of psychological and physical violence, lower household income, greater family stigma, and the increasing age of patients...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Yu-Yin Kao, Chun-I Chen, Fen-Ju Chen, Yu-Hua Lin, Shou-Jen Perng, Hung-Yu Lin, Chiung-Yu Huang
The study aimed to investigate the relationships among psychological distresses, resourcefulness, sleep disturbances, anxiety and depressive symptoms in family members of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design was employed. Using structural equation modeling (SEM) approach, relationships among factors, mediators, and outcomes were analyzed. The SEM explained 59% of the variances in depressive symptoms and 36% in anxiety. Family members with greater learned resourcefulness had fewer sleep disturbances, depressive and anxiety symptoms...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Erika Spino, Kirstyn M Kameg, Thomas W Cline, Lauren Terhorst, Ann M Mitchell
According to the latest statistics from the American Association of Suicidology, there were approximately 41,000 suicides in the United States, accounting for 112 suicides per day or one every 12.8minutes (Drapeau & McIntosh, 2015). Survivors bereaved by suicide often experience complicated grief and feelings of social isolation. The study was a secondary data analysis from a study which involved 44 participants over the age of 18 from Southwestern Pennsylvania. Symptoms of depression and loneliness were assessed in relation to reported social support available to participants...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Suzy Mascaro Walter, Mary Jane Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Dongling Liu, Liyan Fu, Zhang Jing, Changying Chen
This study examined post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) and it's predictors among 4072 Tibetan adolescents 3years after the highaltitude earthquake. The instruments included The PTSD Checklist-Civilian version, The Internality, Powerful others, and Chance Scale and The Coping Style Scale. The results indicated the prevalence rate of probable PTSD was 17.8%.The predicting factors for PTSD were found to being aged 14 or older, being senior student, being monitor, being buried/injured, have family member died/amputated, have severer property loss, have witnessed death, have negative coping skills, and have power others locus of control...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Filiz Ersöğütçü, Sibel Asi Karakaş
AIM: This descriptive study was conducted to examine the levels of social functioning and self-esteem in individuals diagnosed with substance abuse. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study was conducted at the AMATEM (Alcohol and Substance Abuse Treatment Center) service of a psychiatry clinic in the Elazığ province in eastern Turkey between September 1, 2014 and February 1, 2015. The population is comprised of 249 patients being treated in this clinic, and the sample included 203 patients who comply with the research criteria and agreed to participate in the study...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Mitsunobu Matsuda, Ayumi Kohno
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of the nursing psychoeducation program (NPE) for improving the acceptance of medication of inpatients with schizophrenia as well as their knowledge regarding their illness and the effects of medication on it. This study was a quasi-experimental study involving a convenience sample and was performed at the acute treatment units of two Japanese psychiatric hospitals. The subjects were recruited from among the inpatients being treated at the acute treatment units and were assigned to either the experimental or control group...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Laura Foran Lewis
One in 68 Americans has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and diagnosis is often delayed into adulthood in individuals without comorbid intellectual disability. Many undiagnosed adults resort to self-diagnosis. The purpose of this descriptive phenomenology was to explore the experience of realizing a self-diagnosis of ASD among 37 individuals who were not formally diagnosed. Results revealed five themes: feeling "othered," managing self doubt, sense of belonging, understanding myself, and questioning the need for formal diagnosis...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Elizabeth McCay, Celina Carter, Andria Aiello, Susan Quesnel, Carol Howes, Bjorn Johansson
The current paper discusses an approach to measuring treatment integrity of dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) when implemented within two programs providing services to street-involved youth in the community. Measuring treatment integrity is a critical component of effective implementation of evidence-based interventions in clinical practice, since sound treatment integrity increases confidence in client outcomes and intervention replicability. Despite being an essential part of implementation science, few studies report on treatment integrity, with limited research addressing either measurement tools or maintenance of treatment integrity...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Christopher Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie Taylor, Susan Sumskis, Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan, Emily Keough
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of perceived control to mental health and recovery, research is needed to determine strategies to increase perceived control for people with a mental illness. AIM: Investigate the implications of a therapeutic recreation program on the perceived control of people with a mental illness. METHOD: Participants of an intervention group (n=27) and comparison group (n=18) completed the Perceived Control Across Domains Scale at three time intervals...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Ashley L Peterson
Through professional acculturation, nurses establish their identities as nurses. They also develop of an understanding what mental illness and associated phenomena mean. When nurses themselves develop mental illness, they must learn to establish a new identity as a patient and more specifically as a nurse-patient, and come to a new understanding of what mental illness means to them. This autoethnographic paper focuses on the author's own experience of finding an identity as nurse-patient and discovering what that really meant, at the same time incorporating analysis to connect the personal and the cultural...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Wilma J M van Langen, Titus A A Beentjes, Betsie G I van Gaal, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Peter J J Goossens
This study aims to describe how the Illness Management and Recovery program enhanced recovery of persons with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders from their own perspective. Participants valued learning how to divide huge goals into attainable steps, how to recognize and prevent a relapse by managing symptoms, practicing skills, and talking openly about illness related experience. They learned from the exchange with peers and from the information in the IMR textbook. Nurses should have continuous attention and reinforcement for progress on goals, skills practice and exchange of peer information...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Kumiko Takataya, Yoko Yamazaki, Eriko Mizuno
PURPOSE: This study aimed to obtain information about the lives of families with children with Down syndrome through interviews with the fathers. METHODS: The participants were 9 fathers who were recruited from the local Association of Parents of Down syndrome. Their children were born between 1996 and 2009. The study used a descriptive exploratory design utilizing a focus group. RESULTS: Through analysis of the fathers' transcripts, 7 major themes emerged: 1) crisis of life, 2) emotional turmoil, 3) attitudes toward the disability, 4) parental responsibility, 5) realization of fatherhood, 6) difference of feelings between mother and father, and 7) contact with people...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Hae Kyung Jo, Hyun Kyoung Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the factors that affect suicidal ideation among middle-aged Korean women in an urban-rural province. METHODS: This study used a convenience sample consisting of 196 middle-aged Korean women who live in Gyeonggi Province. Data were collected between November 2013 and January 2014. RESULTS: There were significant correlations among social relationships (r=-.18, p=.013), previous experiences of violence (r=...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Christine Williams, Ruth Tappen, Lisa Wiese, David Newman, Maria Corbett, Suzanne Pinos, Barbara Curtis, Belinda Murray
Most persons with dementia are cared for by family members who are so overwhelmed that their mental and physical health declines. Adult day care programs (ADC) are growing in number to meet caregivers' needs for respite but little is known about their effect on enrollee mental health. We examined mental health of enrollees (stress, anxiety, mood, emotions) and arousal (blood pressure and salivary cortisol) from day program enrollment to 3 months following enrollment. Results showed significant decreases in morning cortisol level at 1 and 3 months (p=...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Michiyo Ando, Masashi Kawano
The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of Japanese psychiatric nurses to ethical problems, and the results of those issues. The participants were 130 nurses who worked in psychiatry wards in a hospital. The nurses answered the question "how did you respond when you faced an ethical problem and what results did you get?" in free description. Seven categories were selected qualitatively from their responses: "Lack of action and no change," "Experiencing problems and feeling gloomy," "Pointing out misconduct and being hurt," "Consultation among staff and resolution or not," "Consultation with physicians and getting positive or negative responses," and "Searching for and providing evidence-based care," and "Thinking for themselves...
October 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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