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Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104068/measuring-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-an-integrative-review
#1
Cordellia E Bright
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the validity, reliability and levels of evidence of existing instruments for measuring medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is estimated to affect approximately 7 individuals out of 1000 in their lifetimes, with fifty percent of patients attempting suicide. However studies have shown that measuring medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia is difficult and no gold standard currently exists...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104067/the-effectiveness-of-the-nanta-program-on-psychiatric-symptoms-interpersonal-relationships-and-quality-of-life-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#2
Gang-Sook Jeon, Moonhee Gang, Kyongok Oh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Nanta-program on psychiatric symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life (QoL) in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia (SPR). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group and pre-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 38 forensic inpatients with SPR from South Korea (experimental group=18, control group=20). The intervention was conducted in 12 sessions over 12 weeks, taking 90 min per session...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104066/the-effect-of-short-films-about-mental-health-and-disorders-on-preventing-stigmatization-in-nursing-education
#3
Aysegul Bilge, Ozge Palabiyik
The aim of the study is to determine the effect of nursing students making short films about mental health disorders in preventing stigmatization of the mentally disordered patient. Students, under the supervision of the faculty member who taught the course, worked in groups; each group wrote the script for and then produced and showed the film. Each student performed in one film. Students wrote scenarios about preventing stigmatization of the mentally disordered patient after receiving theoretical education about this topic...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104065/borderline-personality-disorder-psychological-treatment-an-integrative-review
#4
Beverly Reeves-Dudley
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex and at times debilitating mental disorder, treatment of which has eluded effective pharmacotherapy (Gunderson, 2007). Although once considered untreatable, psychodynamic therapy and cognitive therapy (two types of psychological therapies) have provided hope for better lives for patients with this diagnosis (Gunderson). The author performed an integrative review of the literature pertaining to the present role of evidence-based practice (EBP) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) definition of BPD to identify symptoms of the disorder...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104064/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-in-jordan
#5
Rami Masa'deh, Samiha Jarrah
AIM: To investigate levels of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of those parenting children with cancer and make a comparison between mothers and fathers. BACKGROUND: Parenting a child with cancer is traumatic. Maternal and paternal roles and responsibilities change after the cancer diagnosis of their child, adding more stress to the lives of all concerned. The gender of the parent may have an effect on their PTSD. However, there is a lack of studies in Arabic countries on the differences between parents in their PTSD levels...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104063/sleep-duration-of-inpatients-with-a-depressive-disorder-associations-with-age-subjective-sleep-quality-and-cognitive-complaints
#6
Matthias J Müller, Christiane Olschinski, Bernd Kundermann, Nicole Cabanel
Sleep complaints and sleep disturbances are common in depression; however, the association of sleep duration and subjective sleep quality has been rarely investigated. Thus, subjective sleep quality and sleep duration were analyzed in depressed inpatients. Questionnaire data comprising clinical and sleep-related questions were sampled over a one-year period from adult inpatients with depressive syndromes. Sleep duration and items related to sleep quality were analyzed by means of group comparisons (sleep duration categories) and correlation analyses...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104062/eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-norms-for-a-clinical-sample-of-males
#7
Karen M Jennings, Kathryn E Phillips
Normative data on the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) for a clinical sample of males in the United States are presented. Thirty-eight males completed the EDE-Q at time of admission to an inpatient unit for eating disorders. The majority of males were diagnosed with unspecified eating disorder (73.7%, n=28). Mean age at time of admission was 24.4 years (SD=12.6), mean body mass index at time of admission was 21.5kg/m(2) (SD=9.5), and mean length of stay was 13.6 days (SD=9.3). Mean scores, standard deviations, and percentile ranks for the global and subscale scores are provided...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104061/quality-of-life-in-brazil-s-family-health-strategy-common-mental-disorders-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-and-sociodemographic-factors
#8
Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Paulo Celso Prado Telles Filho, Tatiana Longo Borges, Assis do Carmo Pereira Junior, Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Rebecca O Shasanmi, Fernanda Raphael Escobar Gimenes
The aim of the study was to evaluate the patients' quality of life in Brazil's Family Health Strategy and its association with sociodemographic factors, presence of common mental disorders, and use of psychotropic drugs. Were interviewed 442 patients. Tools were: World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-Bref and Self Reporting Questionnaire. Male and low education were strongly associated with higher quality of life. Use of psychotropic drugs and the presence of CMD were strongly associated with poor quality of life...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104060/comparison-of-suicide-attempts-behaviors-following-smoking-cessation-treatments-among-schizophrenic-smokers
#9
I-Hsuan Wu, Hua Chen, Patrick Bordnick, Ekere James Essien, Michael Johnson, Ronald J Peters, Xin Wang, Susan M Abughosh
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation may lead to depression in some smokers and result in increased risk of suicide. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of suicide attempts/behaviors associated with different smoking cessation medications among schizophrenic patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using General Electric (GE) medical record database (1995-2011). The first day of being prescribed a smoking cessation medication defined as index date...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104059/suicide-risk-in-the-hospitalized-elderly-in-turkey-and-affecting-factors
#10
Dilek Avci, Kevser Tari Selcuk, Selma Dogan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the suicide risk among the elderly hospitalized and treated because of physical illnesses, and the factors affecting the risk. METHODS: The study has a cross-sectional design. It was conducted with 459 elderly people hospitalized and treated in a public hospital between May 25, 2015 and December 4, 2015. Data were collected with the Personal Information Form, Suicide Probability Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104058/intervening-early-with-family-members-during-first-episode-psychosis-an-evaluation-of-mental-health-nursing-psychoeducation-within-an-inpatient-unit
#11
Melissa Petrakis, Simon Laxton
Provision of psychoeducation to families of service users experiencing a first-episode psychosis has been found to assist with relapse prevention and promoting recovery for service users. Psychoeducation also assists families to reduce isolation and gain relevant information and support. This study aimed to clarify the role inpatient staff can best have with families, targeted to the acute phase and early stage of the illness. Family members were provided an inpatient carer psychoeducation meeting and recruited for a feedback interview 6 months later...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104057/warning-signs-prior-to-aggressive-behavior-in-child-psychiatric-units
#12
Margo D M Faay, Marije W Valenkamp, Henk Nijman
This study aims at detecting and categorizing early warning signs of aggressive behavior in child psychiatric units. We analyzed 575 violent incident report forms and developed a coding scheme consisting of 16 warning signs. From the 575 incident report forms, a total of 1087 signs were coded. Most common warning signs were 'restlessness' (21.2%), 'not listening' (15.2%) and 'anger' (9.8%). These were also the most prevalent warning signs for the severe incidents. Although warning signs differ for each individual child, this study indicates that there are common warning signs for imminent aggressive incidents in child psychiatric facilities...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104056/psychological-distress-in-jordanian-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-role-of-positive-reappraisal-coping
#13
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently report poor psychological well-being. Positive reappraisal coping (PRC) is a coping strategy which offers a protective effect from anxiety and depression. However, the association between PRC and the psychological distress in parents of children with ASD has yet to be established. AIM: This study examines the association between PRC and the psychological distress in parents of children with ASD...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104055/mental-health-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-suicidal-patients-in-psychiatric-wards-an-emotional-endeavor
#14
Julia Hagen, Birthe Loa Knizek, Heidi Hjelmeland
The purpose of the study is to investigate mental health nurses' experiences of recognizing and responding to suicidal behavior/self-harm and dealing with the emotional challenges in the care of potentially suicidal inpatients. Interview data of eight mental health nurses were analyzed by systematic text condensation. The participants reported alertness to patients' suicidal cues, relieving psychological pain and inspiring hope. Various emotions are evoked by suicidal behavior. Mental health nurses seem to regulate their emotions and emotional expressions, and balance involvement and distance to provide good care of patients and themselves...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104054/caregiver-burden-among-caregivers-of-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-testing-the-moderation-and-mediation-models-of-resilience
#15
Zamzaliza Abdul Mulud, Geraldine McCarthy
The association between the socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers, such as gender and caregiver burden, is well documented; however, the process underlying this relationship is poorly understood. Based on the stress process model, we designed a cross-sectional study to examine the mediating and moderating effect of resilience on the relationship between gender and caregiver burden. Caregivers of individuals with severe mental illness (n=201) were recruited in two psychiatric outpatient clinics in Malaysia...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104053/psychiatric-nurses-attitude-and-practice-toward-physical-restraint
#16
Amal Sobhy Mahmoud
AIM: This study was to assess psychiatric nurses' attitude and practice toward physical restraint among mentally ill patients. METHODS: A descriptive research design was used to achieve the study objective. The present study was carried out in three specialized governmental mental hospitals and two psychiatric wards in general hospital. A convenient purposive sample of 96 nurses who were working in the previously mentioned setting was included. The tool used for data collection was the Self-Administered Structured Questionnaire; it included three parts: The first comprised items concerned with demographic characteristics of the nurses, the second comprised 10 item measuring nurses' attitudes toward physical restraint, and the third was used to assess nurses' practices regarding use of physical restraint...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104052/assessment-of-a-chronic-disease-self-management-program-to-increase-physical-activity-of-adults-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Julia Ringgold Strong, Gail Schoen Lemaire, Lyn Stankiewicz Murphy
Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) experience excessive co-morbidities and early mortality. Self-management programs have the potential to increase physical activity levels of individuals with SMI and reduce the incidence of co-morbidities. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to assess a chronic disease self-management program (CDSMP) to increase physical activity of adults with SMI measured by daily steps tracked with a pedometer. Results of data analysis indicated no statistically significant difference in steps across the six-week program...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104051/relation-between-emotional-intelligence-socio-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-depressive-disorders
#18
Sayeda Ahmed Abdellatif, El-Sayed Saleh Hussien, Warda Elshahat Hamed, Mohamed Ali Zoromba
The present study aims to assess the emotional intelligence in relation to socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with depressive disorders. A descriptive correlational study was utilized with a sample of (106) depressed patients who were diagnosed by a psychiatrist with depressive disorders at psychiatric outpatient clinics in Mansoura University Hospital. Data were collected through assessing socio demographic and clinical characteristics, assessing level of depression using Beck Depression Inventory BDI-II, and assessing emotional intelligence using Barchard emotional intelligence scales...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104050/knowledge-attitudes-and-challenges-of-healthcare-professionals-managing-people-with-eating-disorders-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Xin Yi Seah, Xiang Cong Tham, Netty Ryanie Kamaruzaman, Piyanee Klainin Yobas
This review consolidates findings regarding knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals, together with challenges faced while caring for patients with eating disorders. A rigorous and systematic approach was taken to identify 21 articles, which include 12 quantitative, 7 qualitative, and 2 mixed-method papers. Healthcare professionals' knowledge and attitudes toward patients with eating disorders will be discussed, while identifying if factors like age, gender, work experience or profession have an impact on these two variables...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104049/utilizing-peplau-s-interpersonal-approach-to-facilitate-medication-self-management-for-psychiatric-patients
#20
REVIEW
Judith M Hochberger, Brenda Lingham
This article focuses on the nurse's role in applying Peplau's interpersonal theory of nursing to medication self-management and self-administration through teaching, supporting and partnering with patients.
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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