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Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888979/corrigendum-to-a-comparison-of-suboxone-and-clonidine-treatment-outcomes-in-opiate-detoxification-archives-of-psychiatric-nursing-26-4-2012-316-323
#1
Anthony Steele, Patricia Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888978/vulnerability-stress-and-support-in-the-disease-trajectory-from-prodrome-to-diagnosed-schizophrenia-diathesis-stress-support-model
#2
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Elaine Walsh, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. The goal of current research is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of prodrome, the initial period before the disease manifests as schizophrenia. Unfortunately, there is little information to comprehensively understand the indicators that later lead to schizophrenia. This has resulted in a lack of scientific knowledge to aid in early identification and intervention by psychiatric nurses or school nurses. Such information could inform nursing assessment and care plan development...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888977/factors-affecting-medication-adherence-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Xiang Cong Tham, Huiting Xie, Cecilia Mui Lee Chng, Xin Yi Seah, Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
This review aimed to summarize empirical evidence concerning factors relating to medication adherence among patients with schizophrenia. A comprehensive search was implemented to recruit articles which met the present eligibility criteria. Twenty-five articles were included whereby only one was a qualitative study. Greater awareness of illness (insight), previous history of medication adherence, positive attitude toward medication, types of atypical antipsychotics, less severe psychotic symptoms, and social support were identified as factors of medication adherence...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888976/the-variability-of-nursing-attitudes-toward-mental-illness-an-integrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Krystyna de Jacq, Allison Andreno Norful, Elaine Larson
Mental illnesses are common worldwide, and nurses' attitudes toward mental illness have an impact on the care they deliver. This integrative literature review focused on nurses' attitudes toward mental illness. Four databases were searched between January 1, 1995 to October 31, 2015 selecting studies, which met the following inclusion criteria: 1) English language; and 2) Research in which the measured outcome was nurses' attitudes toward mental illness. Fourteen studies conducted across 20 countries that 4282 participants met the inclusion criteria...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888975/the-therapeutic-relationship-in-inpatient-psychiatric-care-a-narrative-review-of-the-perspective-of-nurses-and-patients
#5
REVIEW
Antonio R Moreno-Poyato, Pilar Montesó-Curto, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Raquel Suárez-Pérez, Rosa Aceña-Domínguez, Regina Carreras-Salvador, Juan M Leyva-Moral, Teresa Lluch-Canut, Juan F Roldán-Merino
PURPOSE: To study the significance of 'therapeutic relationship' between nurses and patients within the context of a psychiatric hospital. METHOD: Narrative literature review. Content analysis. FINDINGS: The significance of the therapeutic relationship is quite similar for both nurses and patients in psychiatric hospital units. Nevertheless, several factors may separate the two positions: the time available for the relationship, the negative perceptions on the part of both parties, and the insecurity of the setting...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888974/early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. Recently, investigators have witnessed an upsurge in research on the potential benefits of early intervention during the prodromal stage: the sooner people start the treatment at their first psychotic episode, the better outcome on symptom relief and better functioning. This paper aims to critically review and synthesize empirical evidence published between 2005 and 2015 regarding the effectiveness of preemptive interventions on transition rate, symptom severity, depression, anxiety, and function level...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888973/comparison-of-caregiver-burden-in-first-episode-versus-chronic-psychosis
#7
Perihan Sagut, Zekiye Çetinkaya Duman
The aim of this study was to compare burden on caregivers of patients with first episode psychosis and caregivers of those with chronic psychosis. The study sample consisted of 39 caregivers of patients with first episode psychosis and 40 caregivers of patients with chronic psychosis. The Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) was used for data collection. The average caregiver burden in caregivers of patients with chronic psychosis was significantly higher than that in caregivers of patients with first episode psychosis...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888972/the-effect-of-yoga-on-functional-recovery-level-in-schizophrenic-patients
#8
Funda Kavak, Mine Ekinci
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of yoga on functional recovery level in schizophrenic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group. The population of the study consisted of schizophrenic patients with registered in Malatya and Elazığ Community Mental Health Centers and regularly going to these centers. The sample group of the study consisted of totally 100 patients including 50 patients in the experimental group and 50 patients in the control group who were specified through power analysis and chosen by using random sampling method from this population...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888971/u-s-caregivers-with-mental-health-problems-parenting-experiences-and-children-s-functioning
#9
Cindy H Liu, Miwa Yasui, Rebecca Giallo, Ed Tronick, Larry J Seidman
The 2007 National Survey of Children's Health was used to determine the prevalence of poor mental health among U.S. mothers, fathers, and guardians, specific parenting experiences and children's functioning. More guardians (13.7%) reported poor mental health compared to mothers (7.7%) and fathers (5.3%), generalizing to 4.6 million U.S. caregivers with poor mental health. Caregivers with poor mental health were at least 3 times more likely to report children's problematic functioning after accounting for sociodemographic factors and parenting stress and experiences...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888970/paternal-depression-rates-in-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods-and-affecting-factors
#10
Ekin Dila Top, Nuray Egelioglu Cetisli, Serkan Guclu, Esma Burcak Zengin
The objective of this study was to determine the paternal depression rates and affecting factors in prenatal and postpartum periods. The study, which was descriptive and cross-sectional, was conducted with 92 volunteer couples that suited the criteria for the sample. These participants were selected from couples that applied to the gynecology clinic of a private hospital between September 2014 and April 2015 and who were in their 37th-40th weeks of pregnancy. Data collection was planned in two interviews; the first one was done between the 37th and 40th weeks of the pregnancy, and the second was conducted between the 4th and 6th weeks after the birth...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888969/smoking-behaviors-and-medical-co-morbidities-in-patients-with-mental-illnesses
#11
Peggy El-Mallakh, Danielle McPeak, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T Okoli
Correlations among smoking behaviors and co-morbid medical illnesses were examined among 982 smokers with mental illnesses enrolled in a smoking cessation program within Mental Health and Addictions Services in Vancouver, Canada. Significant correlates among individuals with psychotic disorders included associations between a history of emphysema/chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) disease and cigarettes smoked per day (r's=.35, p≤.01), Confidence in quitting (r's=-.33, p≤.01), and nicotine dependence (r's=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888968/predictors-of-depression-among-seropositive-batswana-men-and-women-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#12
Christopher Lance Coleman
The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe predictors of depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive Botswana men and women residing in Gaborne, Botswana. A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, (CESD-D), and the SF-36 [Quality of life] were administered. The questionnaires were translated and back translated in Setswana and administered by Batswana men and women. The results of the regression analyses resulted in two calculated models. In the first Model energy/fatigue explained 46% of the variance in depressive symptoms (P=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888967/effects-of-aggression-replacement-training-on-problem-solving-anger-and-aggressive-behaviour-among-adolescents-with-criminal-attempts-in-turkey-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Fadime Kaya, Sevim Buzlu
The research was conducted by a pretest and post-test conducted in a quasi-experimental design which aimed to determine effectiveness of Aggression Replacement Training (ART) on problem solving, anger and aggressive behaviour among adolescents with criminal attempts in Turkey. The study included 65 adolescents with criminal attempts (32 intervention, 33 control). There was no difference between the groups in terms of average age (16.13±1.10 in the experimental group and 16.21±0.89 in the control group). After the intervention, the experimental group showed significantly decreased Trait Anger levels (t=1...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888966/implementation-of-a-recovery-oriented-training-program-for-psychiatric-nurses-in-the-inpatient-setting-a-mixed-methods-hospital-quality-improvement-study
#14
Renee John R Repique, Peter M Vernig, John Lowe, Julie A Thompson, Tracey L Yap
This mixed-methods hospital quality improvement (QI) study primarily aimed to reduce the use of mechanical restraints in a short-stay inpatient psychiatric setting by facilitating change in care delivery through recovery-oriented nursing practice. The implementation of an evidence-based education for psychiatric-mental health registered nurses (PMH-RNs) intended to improve their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, recovery-focused mental health treatment principles. Findings suggest that recovery-oriented training programs for PMH-RNs can be a potentially useful hospital strategy for restraint reduction...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888965/effects-of-nursing-interventions-on-depression-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Biyun Zhou, Guohong Li, Yuqun Zhang, Zihan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Previous randomized controlled trials have led to conflicting findings regarding the effects of nursing interventions on depression of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to resolve these discrepancies. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of publications using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches without language restrictions. Studies that met the following criteria were included: (1) randomized controlled trials; (2) duration of intervention≥4 weeks; (3) comparative control group; (4) adults with RA; (5) published studies in any language since reception; and (6) psychological symptoms assessed...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888964/stigma-as-a-structural-power-in-mental-health-care-reform-an-ethnographic-study-among-mental-health-care-professionals-in-belgium
#16
Charlotte Sercu, Piet Bracke
The growing interest among scholars and professionals in mental health stigma is closely related to different mental health care reforms. This article explores professionals' perceptions of the dehospitalization movement in the Belgian context, paying particular attention to the meaning of stigma. Combined participant observation and semi-structured interviews were used to both assess and contextualize the perceptions of 43 professionals. The findings suggest that stigma may function as a structural barrier to professionals' positive evaluation of de-hospitalization, depending on the framework they are working in...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888963/the-effectiveness-of-structured-supported-education-programs-for-families-with-intellectually-disabled-children-the-example-of-turkey
#17
Sibel Coskun Cenk, Gonca Karayagiz Muslu, Deniz Sarlak
This a quasi-experimental study that was conducted at a specialized education school in a city in Turkey for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of a structured supported education program for the parents of children with intellectual disability (ID). The education program was conducted with a total of 8 groups attending 3 sessions. 104 individuals completing the program sessions and comprised the sample. In a comparison of parents' levels of knowledge, the mean number of correct answers on the pretest was 15±3...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888962/involuntary-hospitalization-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-knowledge-of-health-professionals
#18
Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Marciana Fernandes Moll, Rubens Correia, Viviana Carolina Oyan de Moraes, Lucas Duarte Silva, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
A descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach was undertaken to describe the knowledge of health professionals at a psychiatric hospital about involuntary hospitalization. Health professionals from the admission ward of a psychiatric hospital located in an inner city of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with sixteen health professionals and the analysis was based on thematic analysis. The professionals' lack of knowledge about involuntary hospitalizations was evidenced, including unfamiliarity with the modalities of psychiatric hospitalization, confusion to understand involuntary and compulsory hospitalization as well as the role of the public prosecutor in these cases...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888961/facilitating-social-integration-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-served-by-assertive-community-treatment
#19
Sheila J Linz, Bonnie A Sturm
PURPOSE: This article explores the experience of workers on Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) teams surrounding their efforts to facilitate social integration for their clients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen workers were individually interviewed and eight additional workers participated in two focus groups. FINDINGS: The formation of caring relationships between worker and client was an important first step towards social integration for ACT clients...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888960/wards-in-opinion-of-patients-a-comparative-study-on-the-quality-of-nursing-care
#20
Ewa Bandurska, Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran, Paweł Zielazny
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of nursing care in psychiatric wards and compare it between hospitals of different types. RESULTS: Significant differences between hospitals were found in: personnel benevolence (p=0,006219) and response to patient needs (p=0,011446) as well as patients' sense of safety (p=0,020042). In both hospitals, patients were equally dissatisfied with the quality of information concerning treatment side effects (p=0,207804)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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