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Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319200/hypocalcemia-in-an-11-year-old-child-a-difficult-case-to-treat
#1
P Purohit, D Khera, K Singh
Hypocalcemia is a laboratory and clinical abnormality that is observed especially in neonates and paediatric patients. Laboratory hypocalcaemia is often asymptomatic but it can manifest as central nervous system irritability, paraesthesia, tetany (i.e. contraction of hands, arms, feet, larynx, bronchioles), seizures, and even psychiatric changes in children. Cardiac function may also be impaired because of poor muscle contractility. We report a unique case of an eleven year old male child who presented with chronic kidney disease associated with severe hypocalcemia, tonic-clonic seizures, hypovitaminosis D but normal electroencephalogram and electrocardiography...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319199/whether-lack-of-measurement-of-erythrocyte-cholinesterase-or-acetyl-cholinesterase-activity-providing-us-misleading-information-in-organophosphorus-exposure
#2
Sheemona Chowdhary, Dibyajyoti Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319198/ophthalmic-presentation-of-disseminated-tuberculosis-with-relapse-immunological-profile
#3
Bineeta Kashyap, Nisha Goyal, G K Das, N P Singh, I R Kaur
TB as the cause of uveitis varies from 0.5 to 10.5%; low sensitivity of confirmatory laboratory investigations and inconsistency of diagnostic criteria leads to paucity of data. Diagnosis requires a high level of suspicion and is often presumptive based on indirect evidences. Interferon gamma, Interleukin-2 and Neopterin are key biomarkers in immuno-regulation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The relative shift from Interleukin-2 towards Interferon gamma (Interferon gamma/Interleukin-2) is more discriminatory for active tuberculosis...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319197/role-of-hamp-genetic-variants-on-pathophysiology-of-iron-deficiency-anemia
#4
S Pandey, S K Pandey, V Shah
Hepcidin is a 25-amino acid peptide hormone produced by hepatocytes and plays a key role in body iron metabolism. Hepcidin deficiency is the cause of iron overload in hereditary hemochromatosis, iron-loading anemia, and its excess is associated with anemia of inflammation, chronic disease and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The aims of this study was to evaluate HAMP gene mutation, namely IVS2 + 1(-G) (c.148-150 + 1del) and Gly71 Asp (c.212G > A (rs104894696) association with iron status in IDA conditions...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319196/increased-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-rela-expression-levels-in-human-colorectal-carcinoma-in-north-indian-patients
#5
Ram Rattan Negi, Satya Vati Rana, Rajesh Gupta, Vikas Gupta, Vijayta D Chadha, Devinder K Dhawan
Colorectal cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death in many countries. Inflammatory pathway is considered to play a major role in colorectal carcinogenesis. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway is a link between inflammation and cancer. NF-κB is a transcription factor which belongs to the Rel family. Activation of NF-κB has been shown to play a role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine production, and oncogenesis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression levels of NF-κB/RelA in colorectal carcinoma using Real-time PCR...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319195/cytochrome-p450-genes-cyp2e1-and-cyp1a1-variants-and-susceptibility-to-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#6
Sadegh Fattahi, Mohammad Karimi Alivije, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Masomeh Bayani, Mahmoud Sadeghi Haddad Zavareh, Mohsen Asouri, Maryam Lotfi, Galia Amirbozorgi, Haleh Akhavan-Niaki
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide health concern which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Both viral and host factors have a significant effect on infection, replication and pathogenesis of HBV. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CYP2E1 and CYP1A1 genetic variants on susceptibility to HBV. 143 individuals including 54 chronic HBV patients and 89 healthy controls were enrolled in the genotyping procedure. rs2031920 and rs3813867 at CYP2E1 as well as rs4646421 and rs2198843 at CYP1A1 loci were studied in all subjects using PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) analysis...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319194/diagnostic-utility-of-cord-blood-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-in-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-the-era-of-expanded-newborn-screening
#7
C M Nasheeda, Prijo Philip, Rathika Damodara Shenoy, Sukanya Shetty
Even in the era of expanded newborn screening, utility of cord blood thyroid stimulating hormone (cTSH) for diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) cannot be marginalised. This study was to assess the diagnostic utility of cTSH > 20 μIU/L for screening CH. Generation of new cTSH value was the main outcome measure, to increase specificity. Designed as a cross-sectional analytic study in the neonatal unit of teaching hospital, 1200 term neonates with birth weight ≥2500 g, with no perinatal complications were included...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319193/can-high-titres-of-anti-tissue-transglutaminase-antibodies-reduce-the-need-for-intestinal-biopsy-for-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease
#8
Ekta Bansal, Navpreet Kaur, Naveen Mittal
Traditionally small intestinal biopsy has been considered a gold standard for the diagnosis of celiac disease (CD). But now data has shown that serological markers like anti-tissue-transglutaminase antibodies (tTGA) can be used to make the diagnosis with great sensitivity and specificity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether patients with high probability of CD and high titre of tTGA, have a high probability of intestinal damage and may not require biopsy for final diagnosis. All the cases with tTGA levels ≥15 IU/ml and who subsequently underwent biopsy from July 2010 to June 2013 were selected...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319192/investigation-of-trace-elements-in-the-hair-and-nail-of-patients-with-stomach-cancer
#9
Ghasem Janbabai, Abbas Alipour, Sina Ehteshami, Seyedeh-Samaneh Borhani, Touraj Farazmandfar
Trace metals are beneficial nutrient materials that act as essential cofactors in physiological processes. Recent evidence suggests that increase or decrease in certain trace metals may be related with risk and development of chronic diseases such as cancer. This study analyzed some trace elements level in hair and nail of patients with stomach cancer, and compared with their level in healthy controls. Trace elements (Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Se, Sr and Zn) are estimated in hair and nail of the 73 cancer patients and 83 controls by atomic absorption spectrophotometric method...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319191/correlation-of-red-blood-cell-acetylcholinesterase-enzyme-activity-with-various-rbc-indices
#10
Shalvika Gupta, Vijetha Shenoy Belle, Ramya Kumbarakeri Rajashekhar, Sushma Jogi, Rv Krishnananda Prabhu
Cholinesterases belongs to class hydrolases. There are two types acetylcholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase. Acetylcholinesterase present in nerve endings and also in the RBC membrane. It helps to maintain the shape and size of RBCs. Any change in shape and size of RBCs may affect the activity of Acetylcholinesterase. Thus this study aimed to estimate RBCs Acetylcholinesterase enzyme activity in various types of anemias and correlate the RBCs Acetylcholinesterase enzyme activity with various hematological indices such as Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Red cell Distribution Width (RDW) etc...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319190/hesperetin-on-cell-surface-glycoconjugates-abnormalities-and-immunohistochemical-staining-with-cytokeratin-in-7-12-dimethylbenz-a-anthracene-induced-hamster-buccal-pouch-carcinogenesis
#11
Sukumar Babukumar, Veerasamy Vinothkumar, Periyannan Velu, Duraisamy Ramachandhiran
Hesperetin, a naturally occurring citrus flavanone of the bioactive substance, possesses different pharmacological and biochemical activities including anti-cancer and anti-oxidants effect. The aim of the study to investigate that hesperetin on abnormalities of glycoconjugates (protein bound hexose, hexosamine, total sialic acid and fucose), histology (PAS staining) and immunoexpression of cytokeratin during 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced hamster buccal pouch (HBP) carcinogenesis. Oral tumors were developed in the buccal pouches of male golden Syrian hamsters by topical application of 0...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319189/association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-foki-and-bsmi-gene-polymorphism-with-bone-mineral-density-and-their-effect-on-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-in-north-indian-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis
#12
Israr Ahmad, Tabrez Jafar, Farzana Mahdi, Md Arshad, Siddharth Kumar Das, Shah Waliullah, Abbas Ali Mahdi
Osteoporosis is a systemic disease with a strong genetic component. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) has been suggested as a candidate gene for osteoporosis. Therefore the present study was aimed to investigate the pattern of allelic variants of VDR gene polymorphism (FokI and BsmI), its influence on vitamin D levels and bone mineral density (BMD) in North Indian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis for possible genetic association. 254 postmenopausal osteoporotic women and 254 postmenopausal non osteoporotic women were included in the study...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319188/thiamine-deficiency-induced-dietary-disparity-promotes-oxidative-stress-and-neurodegeneration
#13
Anisha Chauhan, Nidhi Srivastva, Parvesh Bubber
Thiamine or vitamin B1 is a well known coenzyme and nutrient necessary for the assembly and right functioning of several enzymes involved in the energy metabolism. The present study evaluates oxidative stress and prevalence of neurodegenerative conditions in the brain following TD. The study was carried out on mice (Musmusculus) in three groups, namely control and thiamine-deficient group for 8 (TD 8) and 10 (TD 10) days. Lipid peroxidation was determined in terms of reduced glutathione (GSH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS)...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319187/citral-a-monoterpene-inhibits-adipogenesis-through-modulation-of-adipogenic-transcription-factors-in-3t3-l1-cells
#14
Subramaniam Sri Devi, Natarajan Ashokkumar
Obesity is considered as a major global human health problem which significantly increases the risk for development of type 2 diabetes. Citral, a bioactive compound widely found in a variety of foods that are consumed daily. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of citral against adipogenic genes in 3T3-L1 cells. The mouse fibroblast 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes were differentiated into adipocytes using adipogenic cocktail (5 g/ml insulin, 0.5 mM isobutylmethylxanthine and 10 M dexamethasone). Differentiation of adipocytes was evaluated by assessing triglyceride accumulation assay and cell viability by MTT assay...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319186/hepcidin-and-ferritin-important-mediators-in-inflammation-associated-anemia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#15
Neeraja Kunireddy, Rachel Jacob, Siraj Ahmed Khan, B Yadagiri, K S S Sai Baba, I Rajendra Vara Prasad, Iyyapu Krishna Mohan
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is an autoimmune disease with female preponderance. Anemia is found in 50% of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patients. This is a cross sectional case control study with 30 female Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patients having inflammation associated anemia (Hemoglobin < 10.0 gm/dl) and 30 age matched controls with the aim to measure serum hepcidin and ferritin levels, correlate and study their role as homeostatic regulators of iron metabolism and utility as markers. Serum transferrin, ferritin, iron, total iron binding capacity, hsCRP, liver enzymes and renal parameters were analyzed by using automated analyser...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319185/3-3-diindolylmethane-encapsulated-chitosan-nanoparticles-accelerates-inflammatory-markers-er-pr-glycoprotein-and-mast-cells-population-during-chemical-carcinogen-induced-mammary-cancer-in-rats
#16
Stainsloss Isabella, Sankaran Mirunalini, Kannaiyan Pandiyan
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) on inflammatory markers, estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), level of glycoprotein and the mast cell population in 7,12-dimethylbenz (a) anthracene (DMBA) 25 mg/kg b.wt. induced rat mammary carcinogenesis. After 8 weeks of tumor formation, rats had access to an oral administrated with DIM 10 mg/kg b.wt. and DIM@CS-NP 0.5 mg/kg body weight respectively for 8 weeks. The oral administration of DIM@CS-NP 0.5 mg/kg b...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319184/monotonic-dose-effect-of-bisphenol-a-an-estrogenic-endocrine-disruptor-on-estrogen-synthesis-in-female-sprague-dawley-rats
#17
Subbaiyan Thilagavathi, Pachaiappan Pugalendhi, Thangarasu Rajakumar, Krishnamoorthy Vasudevan
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a ubiquitous environmental chemical that produces adverse effect on reproduction system due to its potent estrogenic endocrine disruptive activity. The present study was aimed to investigate the monotonic dose effect of BPA on estrogen synthesis in female Sprague-Dawley rats. For this purpose, we administered three different doses of BPA (10, 50, 100 µg/kg bw/day) into rats and analyzed various biochemical, hormonal, molecular and histological parameters. 10 µg BPA treated rats showed significantly decreased levels of phase I detoxification agents (CYP450, Cyt-b5)...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319183/serum-biomarker-based-algorithms-in-diagnosis-of-ovarian-cancer-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Suchitra Kumari
Epithelial ovarian cancer accounts for more than 90% of ovarian tumours and continues as a leading cause of death from gynaecological malignancies. It is often difficult to differentiate a benign ovarian mass from malignant ones. Invasive histopathological biopsy is used as the gold standard diagnostic tool to diagnose cancer in patients with ovarian mass. A wide spectrum of Biomarkers were tried in various studies to develop a non invasive diagnostic tool, out of which HE4 and CA 125 remain the only clinically useful biomarker...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319182/neurochemical-and-behavioral-dysfunctions-in-pesticide-exposed-farm-workers-a-clinical-outcome
#19
REVIEW
Rajesh Kumar Kori, Manish Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar Jain, Rajesh Singh Yadav
The problem of pesticides is not new and its exposure to human due to indiscriminate use is largely associated with the health related problems including neurotoxicological alterations. High levels of pesticide residues and their metabolites in the dietary constituents, food materials, maternal blood, cord blood, placenta breast milk have been reported and linked to alterations in birth weight, crown heel length, head circumference, mid-arm circumference and ponderal index of the neonates. Epidemiological studies have suggested that exposure of pesticide to human could be a significant risk factor for neurological disorders, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319181/stem-cell-biology-a-new-hope-in-regenerations-and-replenishments-therapy
#20
EDITORIAL
Shailendra Dwivedi, Praveen Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
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