Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Laryngology and Otology

R P Morse, A Mitchell-Innes
OBJECTIVE: The application of moisture to the ear is anecdotally claimed to relieve the pain from otic barotrauma that can arise during aircraft descent. This claim was tested in a randomised double-blind study on an aircraft with eight participants heavily predisposed to barotrauma. METHODS: On the outward flight, half the participants wore 'active' devices that applied moisture to the external ear; the remainder wore placebo devices that contained no moisture, but were otherwise identical...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Y Quan, X J Gao, J Liu, R Z Gong, Q Wang, H Liang, J L Fu, Q Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology and dimensions of the vestibular aqueduct on axial, single-oblique and double-oblique computed tomography images. METHODS: The computed tomography temporal bone scans of 112 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Midpoint and opercular measurements were performed using axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images. Morphometric analyses were also conducted. The vestibular aqueduct sizes on axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images were compared...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
O McLaren, E C Toll, R Easto, E Willis, S Harris, J Rainsbury
BACKGROUND: Grommet insertion is a common surgical procedure in children. Long waiting times for grommet insertion are not unusual. This project aimed to streamline the process by introducing a pathway for audiologists to directly schedule children meeting National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Clinical Guideline 60 ('CG60') for grommet insertion.Method and resultsA period from June to November 2014 was retrospectively audited. Mean duration between the first audiology appointment and grommet insertion was 294...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
D Schwarz, P Wolber, M Balk, J C Luers
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is purported to increase the risk of peritonsillar abscess formation, but prospective data are needed to confirm this hypothesis. This prospective study aimed to identify this correlation. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with peritonsillar abscess were prospectively asked about their smoking behaviour using a questionnaire that was designed and approved by the Robert Koch Institute (Berlin, Germany) to analyse smoking behaviour in epidemiological studies...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
S Saint-Victor, E Barbarite, C Sidani, R Bhatia, D E Rosow
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively test the hypothesis that older patients have increased thyroarytenoid muscle atrophy by comparing thyroarytenoid muscle volumes across different age groups. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted. The study included 111 patients with no history of laryngeal pathology. Two investigators reviewed magnetic resonance imaging studies of these patients and manually traced the thyroarytenoid muscles on multiple slices bilaterally...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Y Abbas, G Smith, A Trinidade
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients within an otolaryngology department presenting with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral tinnitus can be safely and cost-efficiently screened for acoustic neuroma by audiologists as a first or only point of contact. METHODS: A prospective case series and cost analysis were conducted at a tertiary referral centre. Between April 2013 and March 2017, 1126 adult patients presented to the audiology department with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral tinnitus...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
A Bhardwaj, A Anant, N Bharadwaj, A Gupta, S Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the feasibility of endoscopic (4 mm) stapedotomy, and compare intra- and post-operative variations with microscopic stapedotomies. METHODS: Forty otosclerosis patients were scheduled for microscopic or endoscopic stapedotomy. Intra-operative variables compared were: incision, canalplasty, canal wall curettage for ossicular assessment, chorda tympani manipulation, ability to perform stapes footplate perforation before its supra-structure removal, and operative time...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
L Harrison, A Kundra, P Jervis
BACKGROUND: Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia is an autosomal dominant condition, characterised by mucocutaneous telangiectasia, aneurysm and arteriovenous malformations. Thalidomide has been used as a therapeutic strategy for refractory epistaxis in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia patients. This review set out to examine the evidence for using thalidomide in the management of refractory epistaxis in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia patients. METHODS: A systematic search of the available literature was performed using Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and NHS Evidence databases, from inception to December 2017...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
A Hardy, J Muzaffar, R Kumar, R Irving
Unilateral total facial palsy is a debilitating condition that can affect an individual's physical, social and emotional wellbeing. When this occurs bilaterally, the severity of impact is extreme, with significant cosmetic disfigurement and functional morbidity. A variety of facial reanimation techniques have been used for unilateral facial weakness of varying House-Brackmann grades, and these are also applicable in bilateral cases. In bilateral cases, it is difficult to gauge successful improvement in comparison to the contralateral side, which also is afflicted...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
M Mat Baki, P Clarke, M A Birchall
OBJECTIVE: This prospective case series aimed to present the outcomes of immediate selective laryngeal reinnervation. METHODS: Two middle-aged women with vagal paraganglioma undergoing an excision operation underwent immediate selective laryngeal reinnervation using the phrenic nerve and ansa cervicalis as the donor nerve. Multidimensional outcome measures were employed pre-operatively, and at 1, 6 and 12 months post-operatively. RESULTS: The voice handicap index-10 score improved from 23 (patient 1) and 18 (patient 2) at 1 month post-operation, to 5 (patient 1) and 1 (patient 2) at 12 months...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
O Çakır, G Berkiten, B Tutar, A B Yılmazer, T L Kumral, Z Saltürk, Y Uyar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of CyberKnife stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma on hearing, as evaluated by audiological tests. METHODS: Patients with vestibular schwannoma were evaluated before and after CyberKnife radiosurgery. Evaluation included pure tone thresholds, speech discrimination scores, auditory brainstem responses and radiological signs. RESULTS: The study comprised 26 patients diagnosed with vestibular schwannoma and subsequently treated with CyberKnife radiosurgery...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
M Wróbel, P Sobolewski, G Greczka, W Gawęcki
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with bone-anchored hearing aids develop skin reactions that may be related to excess skin mobility around the skin-penetrating abutments. However, there is a lack of reports on the extent of skin mobility within the retroauricular space, typical for the implant location. METHODS: This study was based on photographic analysis of the relative shifts between the skull and soft tissue of the head in the retroauricular region, detected under the physiological conditions of head support and facial muscle contraction...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
K Mahawerawat, P Kasemsiri
BACKGROUND: Although melioidosis in the head and neck region is uncommon, it is a potentially life-threatening infection. Thus, early diagnosis and proper management are very important. OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical presentation and management of melioidosis in the head and neck. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted from 1 January 2013 to 31 October 2016 in Mukdahan Hospital, Thailand. Case records of patients who had presented with culture-positive melioidosis were analysed...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
B Kaur, M P A Clark, J Lea
BACKGROUND: The successful provision of middle-ear surgery requires appropriate anaesthesia. This may take the form of local or general anaesthesia; both methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Local anaesthesia is simple to administer and does not require the additional personnel required for general anaesthesia. In the low-resource setting, it can provide a very safe and effective means of allowing middle-ear surgery to be successfully completed. However, some middle-ear surgery is too complex to consider performing under local anaesthesia and here general anaesthesia will be required...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
A C Walker, P Surda, M Rossiter, S A Little
OBJECTIVES: Nasal disease imposes a significant disease burden upon the individual in the general population, but is relatively under studied in athletes. This study sought to define the frequency of nasal symptoms in the active population, and to quantify the impact of these symptoms on quality of life and on the frequency of upper respiratory tract infections. RESULTS: A total of 296 participants completed the study (246 athletes and 50 sedentary controls). Nasal symptoms were significantly more frequent in the active group than in the sedentary controls (70 per cent vs 52 per cent)...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
C Rutherford, L Petersen
This article attempts to highlight the challenges and possibilities for hearing healthcare through technology and aural rehabilitation in a resource-constrained setting, using South Africa as an example.Results and conclusionThe authors argue that it is possible to enhance service delivery by using free resources and maximising the limited existing resources. In order to provide a sustainable hearing healthcare service in developing countries, it is pertinent to understand the context where the services are needed, and not just adopt an approach developed for a different context...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
W J C Leong, H W Yuen
BACKGROUND: Dislocation of the cochlear implant magnet is an uncommon but recognised complication of magnetic resonance imaging in a patient with a cochlear implant.Case reportThis paper reports a case of cochlear implant magnet dislocation despite head bandaging. The patient subsequently underwent endoscopic repositioning of the magnet under general anaesthesia. The cochlear implant system was tested intra-operatively and confirmed to be functioning. The patient was well at follow up and the small wound healed well with no complications...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
P M Puttasiddaiah, C R Whittet, G N Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Submucosal diathermy to the inferior turbinate is a widely practised procedure to improve the nasal airway when nasal obstruction is due to hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate. This paper reports a case of an unusual nasolacrimal complication following submucosal diathermy to the inferior turbinate, and reviews the relevant literature.Case reportA 33-year-old male patient developed a patulous nasolacrimal duct opening following submucosal diathermy of the inferior turbinate...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
C Peled, M Kraus, D Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising otitis externa is a severe inflammatory process affecting soft tissue and bone, mostly in diabetic patients. Diabetic patients are also at risk of diabetic foot osteomyelitis, another inflammatory condition involving soft tissue and bone. This review aimed to describe the similarities and differences of these entities in an attempt to further advance the management of necrotising otitis externa. METHOD: A PubMed search was conducted using the key words 'otitis externa', 'necrotising otitis externa', 'malignant otitis externa', 'osteomyelitis' and 'diabetic foot'...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"