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Journal of Laryngology and Otology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151384/endoscopic-ear-surgery-in-the-ear-camp-setting-forward-thinking-or-folly
#1
M P A Clark
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ear surgery is becoming an accepted technique in otological surgery, in the management of chronic otitis media. METHODS: The technique was introduced to the humanitarian care setting of an ear camp in Nepal to consider the appropriateness of the technique in this type of clinical setting. RESULTS: Fifteen cases of myringoplasty were successfully completed. CONCLUSION: The apparent advantages of the endoscopic approach over the traditional microscopic one were the ease of transporting the equipment and the optimal view obtained of the tympanic membrane...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151381/feasibility-of-a-septal-mucosal-flap-for-preventing-re-stenosis-following-the-draf-iii-procedure
#2
O Erdur, K Ozturk, K Erkan
BACKGROUND: Re-stenosis and a consequent need for revision surgery are the most common problems in the follow-up period following endoscopic modification of the Lothrop procedure. METHOD: This paper reports a new technique for reconstructing and resurfacing of the posterior frontal recess bone for prevention of re-stenosis. RESULTS: A 46-year-old man presented with a frontal sinus osteoma, and treatment featured an endoscopic modification of the Lothrop procedure...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151379/a-study-of-bacterial-pathogens-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-in-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#3
M R Mofatteh, F Shahabian Moghaddam, M Yousefi, M H Namaei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of bacterial agents in chronic suppurative otitis media and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates among patients. METHODS: A total of 185 patients clinically diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media were interviewed and middle-ear effusion samples were collected using sterile swabs. All bacterial isolates were identified by conventional microbiological methods. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of the isolates were determined by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151378/therapeutic-and-protective-effects-of-autologous-serum-in-amikacin-induced-ototoxicity
#4
I B Arslan, G G Aslan, G C Mercan, S Vatansever, I Cukurova, S Gokalp, A Aslan
OBJECTIVE: Possible therapeutic and protective benefits of intratympanic autologous serum application in amikacin-induced ototoxicity were investigated. METHODS: Twenty-four guinea pigs were separated equally into two groups: therapeutic (group A) and protective (group B). Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions were recorded before and after autologous serum application. Apoptotic cells were identified in the organ of Corti, spiral limbus and spiral ganglion by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling ('TUNEL') method...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151376/the-debate-continues-a-prospective-randomised-single-blind-study-comparing-coblation-and-bipolar-tonsillectomy-techniques
#5
D Wiltshire, M Cronin, N Lintern, K Fraser-Kirk, S Anderson, R Barr, D Bennett, C Bond
OBJECTIVES: Tonsillectomy is a common procedure with significant post-operative pain. This study was designed to compare post-operative pain, returns to a normal diet and normal activity, and duration of regular analgesic use in Coblation and bipolar tonsillectomy patients. METHODS: A total of 137 patients, aged 2-50 years, presenting to a single institution for tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy were recruited. Pain level, diet, analgesic use, return to normal activity and haemorrhage data were collected...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151373/nasoseptal-flap-for-palatal-reconstruction-after-hemi-maxillectomy-case-report
#6
M K Alwashahi, P Battaglia, M Turri-Zanoni, P Castelnuovo
OBJECTIVE: Palatal reconstruction following maxillectomy is a surgical challenge, and a nasoseptal flap is a feasible approach. This paper reports the first known successful clinical case of a nasoseptal pedicle flap applied for the reconstruction of maxillary bone following hemi-maxillectomy. CASE REPORT: This report describes hemi-maxillectomy in a 60-year-old Italian male diagnosed with stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the left maxilla. Endoscopic transnasal extended medial maxillectomy was performed, followed by a transoral modified midfacial degloving technique for removal of the maxillary bone...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143715/scar-satisfaction-and-body-image-in-thyroidectomy-patients-prospective-study-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#7
P Sethukumar, D Ly, Z Awad, N S Tolley
BACKGROUND: This study is the first to evaluate scar satisfaction and body image in thyroidectomy patients using validated assessment tools. METHODS: A total of 123 thyroidectomy patients were recruited over 8 months. Both patients and clinicians completed assessment tools that included: the Manchester Scar Scale (to measure scar perception), Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to assess body image), Body Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to screen for body dysmorphic disorder) and EQ-5D (to measure life quality)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143693/a-rare-case-of-extra-nasopharyngeal-angiofibroma-of-the-septum-in-a-female-child
#8
G B Singh, S Shukla, P Kumari, I Shukla
BACKGROUND: Extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a rare but distinct clinical entity, different from juvenile angiofibroma. METHODS: This clinical record elucidates the only case of extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma arising from the septum in a female child, who presented with epistaxis. RESULTS: The histopathological diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemistry, and the case was managed surgically with no recurrence. CONCLUSION: In a female paediatric patient presenting with epistaxis, extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (of the inferior turbinate) is a rare albeit important differential diagnosis, as it challenges the hormonal theory of angiofibroma aetiopathogenesis...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122022/prognostic-value-of-lymph-node-ratio-in-metastatic-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#9
J Mansour, D Sagiv, E Alon, Y Talmi
OBJECTIVE: Cervical metastases in papillary thyroid carcinoma are associated with increased recurrence. However, their effect on survival remains controversial. This study evaluated literature on the prognostic value of lymph node ratio for loco-regional recurrence and survival in metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: The PubMed database was systematically searched using the terms 'papillary thyroid carcinoma' and 'lymph node ratio'. Articles addressing the association between lymph node ratio and loco-regional recurrence or survival were identified...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103390/how-to-avoid-life-threatening-complications-following-head-and-neck-space-infections-an-algorithm-based-approach-to-apply-during-times-of-emergency-when-and-why-to-hospitalise-a-neck-infection-patient
#10
O Gallo, G Mannelli, M S Lazio, R Santoro
BACKGROUND: Head and neck space infections present with a potential mortality rate of 40-50 per cent. This paper proposes an algorithm-based management of head and neck space infection to prevent life-threatening events. METHODS: A total of 225 patients with head and neck space infection were prospectively analysed at our institution. An experimental scoring system determined the level of clinical risk for the development of major complications. Accordingly, patients were classified into three risk groups: low-, intermediate- and high-risk...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103384/overnight-in-hospital-observation-following-tonsillectomy-retrospective-study-of-post-operative-intervention
#11
S Morris, E Hassin, M Borschmann
OBJECTIVE: The safety of day-case tonsillectomy is widely documented in the literature; however, there are no evidence-based guidelines recommending patient characteristics that are incompatible with day-case tonsillectomy. This study aimed to identify which patients should be considered unsafe for day-case tonsillectomy based on the likelihood of needing critical intervention. METHOD: Retrospective review of 2863 tonsillectomy procedures performed at University Hospital Geelong from 1998 to 2014...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103379/electrode-design-and-insertional-depth-dependent-intra-cochlear-pressure-changes-a-model-experiment
#12
P Mittmann, A Ernst, I Todt
BACKGROUND: Preservation of residual hearing is one of the major goals in modern cochlear implant surgery. Intra-cochlear fluid pressure changes influence residual hearing, and should be kept low before, during and after cochlear implant insertion. METHODS: Experiments were performed in an artificial cochlear model. A pressure sensor was inserted in the apical part. Five insertions were performed on two electrode arrays. Each insertion was divided into three parts, and statistically evaluated in terms of pressure peak frequency and pressure peak amplitude...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081317/evaluation-of-a-low-fidelity-ear-surgery-simulator-in-a-low-resource-setting
#13
K Luu, L Straatman, D Nakku, B Westerberg, N Carter, M Clark
OBJECTIVE: The provision of healthcare education in developing countries is a complex problem that simulation has the potential to help. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a low-cost ear surgery simulator, the Ear Trainer. METHODS: The Ear Trainer was assessed in two low-resource environments in Cambodia and Uganda. Participants were video-recorded performing four specific middle-ear procedures, and blindly scored using a validated measurement tool...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081305/survey-of-otolaryngology-services-in-ukraine-and-neighbouring-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#14
M M Verkerk, R Wagner, R Fishchuk, J J Fagan
OBJECTIVE: The present humanitarian crisis in Ukraine is putting strains on its healthcare system. This study aimed to assess services and training in otolaryngology, audiology and speech therapy in Ukraine and its geographical neighbours. METHOD: Survey study of 327 otolaryngologists from 19 countries. RESULTS: Fifty-six otolaryngologists (17 per cent) from 15 countries responded. Numbers of otolaryngologists varied from 3.6 to 12.3 per 100 000 population (Ukraine = 7...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067893/laryngomalacia-is-there-an-evidence-base-for-management
#15
C McCaffer, K Blackmore, L M Flood
BACKGROUND: The advent of supraglottoplasty clearly has transformed the surgical management of severe laryngomalacia. The condition, however, generally runs a milder course, with spontaneous resolution the norm. OBJECTIVES: To identify gaps in the knowledge and identify topics for future study. METHOD: Systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: The literature suggests that there is a range of abnormalities leading to the typical collapsing upper airway, and that neurological disease, other airway abnormalities, syndromes and gastroesophageal reflux all contribute to disease severity and influence outcomes...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050548/does-intranasal-steroid-spray-technique-affect-side-effects-and-compliance-results-of-a-patient-survey
#16
V Ganesh, A Banigo, A E L McMurran, M Shakeel, B Ram
BACKGROUND: Intranasal steroid sprays are fundamental in the medical management of inflammatory rhinological conditions. Side effects are common, but these may be related to the method of application rather than the medication itself. METHODS: A survey was distributed to patients using intranasal steroid sprays at the ENT out-patient clinic at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary over three months. This evaluated the spray technique used, side effects and compliance. RESULTS: Of 103 patients, 22 patients (21...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037263/long-term-effects-of-allergen-specific-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-for-house-dust-mite-induced-allergic-rhinitis
#17
E Sahin, D Dizdar, M E Dinc, A A Cirik
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is strongly associated with the presence of house dust mites. This study investigated the long-term effects of allergen-specific immunotherapy. Allergen-specific immunotherapy was applied over three years. The study was based on a 10-year follow up of patients with allergic rhinitis. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2001 and 2015. Skin prick test results and symptom scores were evaluated before (26 patients) and after 3 years (20 patients) of allergen-specific immunotherapy (using data from a previously published study), and 10 years after allergen-specific immunotherapy had ended (20 of 26 patients)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967346/impact-of-pre-operative-body-mass-index-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-microvascular-reconstruction
#18
D-J Hyun, Y-H Joo, M-S Kim
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the relationship of pre-operative body mass index with surgical complications and oncological outcomes in patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction for head and neck squamous cell cancer. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted of 259 patients who underwent microvascular free flap reconstruction after head and neck ablative surgery. RESULTS: Mean body mass index was 22.48 kg/m2. There were no correlations between body mass index and: flap failure (p = 0...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942742/atlanto-axial-rotatory-fixation-a-serious-potential-complication-of-paediatric-ent-surgery-that-requires-prompt-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
G James, D N P Thompson
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-axial rotatory fixation is a persistent deformity of the C1-2 vertebral relationship caused by subluxation of the articular surfaces, and can occur after positioning for ENT procedures where the head is rotated - for example to access the ear or posterior triangle of the neck. If promptly recognised, it can usually be managed successfully with conservative methods, without long-lasting sequelae, but delayed or inappropriate management may lead to permanent neck deformity, neurological problems and pain...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918759/ultrasonic-bone-aspirator-use-in-endoscopic-ear-surgery-feasibility-and-safety-assessed-using-cadaveric-temporal-bones
#20
E G Gardner, J Sappington, M A Arriaga, S P Kanotra
OBJECTIVES: To describe the feasibility and assess the safety of using an ultrasonic bone aspirator in endoscopic ear surgery. METHODS: Five temporal bones were dissected via endoscopic ear surgery using a Sonopet ultrasonic bone aspirator. Atticoantrostomy was undertaken. Another four bones were dissected using routine endoscopic equipment and standard bone curettes in a similar manner. Feasibility and safety were assessed in terms of: dissection time, atticoantrostomy adequacy, tympanomeatal flap damage, chorda tympani nerve injury, ossicular injury, ossicular chain disruption, facial nerve exposure and dural injury...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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