journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Laryngology and Otology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534455/effect-of-modern-surgical-treatment-on-the-inflammatory-anti-inflammatory-balance-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#1
M Binar, T M Akcam, O Karakoc, R I Sagkan, U Musabak, M Gerek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokine balance - T helper 1/T helper 2 ratios - in obstructive sleep apnoea patients, before and after treatment. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients received continuous positive airway pressure treatment and 29 patients who could not tolerate continuous positive airway pressure were scheduled for surgery. Serum levels of interleukins 2, 4 and 10, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon gamma were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays before and three months after treatment...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532527/how-i-do-it-underwater-endoscopic-ear-surgery-for-plugging-in-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome
#2
D Yamauchi, Y Hara, H Hidaka, T Kawase, Y Katori
BACKGROUND: Underwater endoscopic ear surgery does not require suction and so protects the inner ear from unexpected aeration that may damage its function in the treatment of labyrinthine fistula. A method of underwater endoscopic ear surgery is proposed for the treatment of superior canal dehiscence. METHODS: Underwater endoscopic ear surgery was performed for plugging of the superior semicircular canal through the transmastoid approach. Saline solution was infused into the mastoid cavity through an Endo-Scrub Lens Cleaning Sheath...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532519/a-case-of-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-madelung-s-disease-treated-by-lateral-pharyngoplasty
#3
V Pinto, P G Morselli, D Tassone, O Piccin
BACKGROUND: Madelung's disease is a rare disorder characterised by the presence of multiple, symmetric, non-capsulated fat masses in the face, neck and other areas of upper extremities. In some cases, severe clinical complications such as upper airway compression can occur. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old man affected by Madelung's disease complained of snoring and severe daytime sleepiness. Polysomnography revealed severe obstructive sleep apnoea. An attempt to treat sleep apnoea by continuous positive airway pressure failed because of poor compliance...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511742/predictors-for-routine-admission-to-paediatric-intensive-care-for-post-supraglottoplasty-laryngomalacia-patients
#4
S Chan, G Siou, A Welch, S Powell
OBJECTIVES: Supraglottoplasty for the treatment of laryngomalacia has little current evidence regarding post-operative care. Our study aimed to: (1) retrospectively assess what proportion of patients required paediatric intensive care unit level of care; (2) identify pre-operative predictive factors common to these cases; and (3) report patient outcomes at six weeks' follow up. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective case series analysis was conducted of all patients diagnosed with laryngomalacia and subsequently treated with supraglottoplasty...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502275/use-of-acellular-dermal-matrices-in-laryngotracheal-and-pharyngeal-reconstruction-systematic-review
#5
A Hui, P Hong, M Bezuhly
BACKGROUND: Acellular dermal matrices are increasingly used in laryngotracheal and pharyngeal reconstruction, but specific indications and the type of acellular dermal matrix used vary. The authors systematically reviewed outcomes relating to acellular dermal matrix use in head and neck reconstruction. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched through 1 May 2016 for literature on acellular dermal matrix use in laryngotracheal and pharyngeal reconstruction. Studies were appraised for surgical indications, outcomes and study design...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502274/superior-petrosal-sinus-causing-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome
#6
S M D Schneiders, J W Rainsbury, E F Hensen, R M Irving
OBJECTIVE: To determine signs and symptoms for superior canal dehiscence syndrome caused by the superior petrosal sinus. METHODS: A review of the English-language literature on PubMed and Embase databases was conducted, in addition to a multi-centre case series report. RESULTS: The most common symptoms of 17 patients with superior petrosal sinus related superior canal dehiscence syndrome were: hearing loss (53 per cent), aural fullness (47 per cent), pulsatile tinnitus (41 per cent) and pressure-induced vertigo (41 per cent)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502273/modiolar-ossification-in-paediatric-patients-with-auditory-neuropathy
#7
L Wang, Z Wang, F Gao, K A Peng
OBJECTIVE: To describe our finding of increased ossification of the modiolus in paediatric patients with auditory neuropathy who met criteria for cochlear implantation. METHODS: A retrospective case series with a comparison group at a tertiary referral centre is described. Seven paediatric patients with auditory neuropathy who met criteria for and underwent cochlear implantation were identified. Fifteen paediatric implantees with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss were included as the comparison group...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502258/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-treatment-of-longstanding-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#8
T Singh, V Taneja, K Kulendra, M Farr, J Robinson, D Rejali
BACKGROUND: Eustachian tube dysfunction is a poorly defined condition associated with various symptoms and it can predispose to middle-ear disease. Balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty has been proposed as a treatment for Eustachian tube dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the subjective and objective outcomes of balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty in patients with recurrent, previously treated chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction. METHODS: The study was conducted on 11 patients (13 ears) who had undergone previous unsuccessful medical and surgical treatment...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502256/survival-outcomes-following-salvage-surgery-for-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-systematic-review
#9
S S-T Kao, E H Ooi
BACKGROUND: Recurrent oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma causes great morbidity and mortality. This systematic review analyses survival outcomes following salvage surgery for recurrent oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: A comprehensive search of various electronic databases was conducted. Studies included patients with recurrent or residual oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with salvage surgery. Primary outcomes were survival rates following salvage surgery...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502255/a-moist-edge-environment-aids-the-regeneration-of-traumatic-tympanic-membrane-perforations
#10
Z C Lou, Z H Lou
OBJECTIVE: To review the history of moist therapy used to regenerate traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: The literature on topical agents used to treat traumatic tympanic membrane perforations was reviewed, and the advantages and disadvantages of moist therapy were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 76 studies were included in the analysis. Topical applications of certain agents (e...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490396/prognostic-factors-for-therapeutic-sialendoscopy
#11
D Cox, L Chan, D Veivers
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience with therapeutic sialendoscopy in both the submandibular and parotid glands in order to determine prognostic factors and improve successful outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Single-centre, retrospective chart review. METHOD: The medical records of patients who had undergone sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis were reviewed, and demographic details, stone data (location, size, multiplicity, mobility), and operative technique and success were recorded...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482947/prioritising-topics-for-the-undergraduate-ent-curriculum
#12
J D Constable, G A Moghul, P Leighton, S J Schofield, M Daniel
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of ENT is important for many doctors, but undergraduate time is limited. This study aimed to identify what is thought about ENT knowledge amongst non-ENT doctors, and the key topics that the curriculum should focus on. METHODS: Doctors were interviewed about their views of ENT knowledge amongst non-ENT doctors, and asked to identify key topics. These topics were then used to devise a questionnaire, which was distributed to multiple stakeholders in order to identify the key topics...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480836/a-comparison-of-oncological-outcomes-between-transoral-surgical-and-non-surgical-treatment-protocols-in-the-management-of-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
S S Kao, J Micklem, E Ofo, S Edwards, D Dhatrak, A Foreman, S Krishnan, J-C Hodge
BACKGROUND: The incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the Western world is increasing, with the human papillomavirus epidemic implicated in this observed trend. The optimal treatment modality is yet undetermined regarding oncological outcomes. METHODS: This study comprised 98 patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, treated with either primary transoral surgery with adjuvant therapy or primary chemoradiotherapy with curative intent, between 2008 and 2012...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462766/vocal-fold-paresis-a-debilitating-and-underdiagnosed-condition
#14
G Harris, C O'Meara, C Pemberton, J Rough, P Darveniza, S Tisch, I Cole
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical signs of vocal fold paresis on laryngeal videostroboscopy, to quantify its impact on patients' quality of life and to confirm the benefit of laryngeal electromyography in its diagnosis. METHODS: Twenty-nine vocal fold paresis patients were referred for laryngeal electromyography. Voice Handicap Index 10 results were compared to 43 patients diagnosed with vocal fold paralysis. Laryngeal videostroboscopy analysis was conducted to determine side of paresis...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462728/peritonsillar-abscess-epidemiology-and-relationship-with-climate-variations
#15
G S M Freire, J H Z Dos Santos, P A Rolón, G B Pinheiro, A L L Sampaio
BACKGROUND: Peritonsillar abscess is the most common deep infection of the head and neck in young adults. It is considered a purulent complication of acute tonsillitis, but other mechanisms have been proposed. There is no consensus as to whether seasonality affects peritonsillar abscess incidence. METHODS: This observational, descriptive, retrospective study explored the epidemiology of peritonsillar abscess and its relationship with seasonality. The cases were selected from the emergency otolaryngology service of a tertiary hospital...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446264/hacettepe-cartilage-slicer-a-novel-cartilage-slicer-and-its-performance-test-results
#16
O Ergun, M D Bajin, M F Sargon, L Sennaroglu
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the performance of a cartilage slicer device referred to as the 'Hacettepe cartilage slicer'. METHODS: Forty-one cartilage pieces were harvested from eight fresh frozen human ears and measured in thickness with a digital micrometer. These pieces were randomly sliced using four different thickness settings and two different types of blades. The thicknesses of the slices and remaining pieces were measured also. Scanning electron microscopy was utilised to determine the surface smoothness of the slices...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424103/olfactory-disturbances-in-ageing-with-and-without-dementia-towards-new-diagnostic-tools
#17
A Gros, V Manera, C A De March, N Guevara, A König, L Friedman, P Robert, J Golebiowski, R David
BACKGROUND: Olfactory disorders increase with age and often affect elderly people who have pre-dementia or dementia. Despite the frequent occurrence of olfactory changes at the early stages of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, olfactory disorders are rarely assessed in daily clinical practice, mainly due to a lack of standardised assessment tools. The aims of this review were to (1) summarise the existing literature on olfactory disorders in ageing populations and patients with neurodegenerative disorders; (2) present the strengths and weaknesses of current olfactory disorder assessment tools; and (3) discuss the benefits of developing specific olfactory tests for neurodegenerative diseases...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424100/out-patient-flexible-carbon-dioxide-laser-surgery-for-benign-laryngopharyngeal-pathologies-via-transnasal-flexible-laryngo-oesophagoscopy
#18
H Mohammed, L Masterson, R Nassif
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and outcomes of flexible carbon dioxide laser surgery in a clinic-based setting. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary centre. Clinical indications, clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction were assessed in patients treated with flexible carbon dioxide laser surgery via transnasal endoscopy and followed up over a period of up to nine months. Patients who were not fit for general anaesthesia or those with lesions that cannot be accessed by micro-laryngoscopy were included...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424099/influence-of-opacification-in-the-frontal-recess-on-frontal-sinusitis
#19
K Hashimoto, K Tsuzuki, K Okazaki, M Sakagami
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to radiologically evaluate the influence of inflammatory changes in frontal recess cells on frontal sinusitis. METHODS: A total of 93 patients (186 sides) who underwent primary sinonasal surgery at Hyogo College of Medicine were enrolled in 2015 and 2016. Opacification of agger nasi, fronto-ethmoidal, ethmoid bulla, suprabullar and frontal bulla cells was determined by pre-operative computed tomography and its influence on frontal sinusitis was investigated...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412992/acute-otitis-media-associated-bilateral-sudden-hearing-loss-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
A Smith, I Gutteridge, D Elliott, M Cronin
BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a rare otological condition with potential for dire outcomes including permanent hearing loss. Although the majority of cases are deemed idiopathic, bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss represents a rare subset typically related to systemic conditions, with higher morbidity and mortality. A controversial association with acute otitis media has been reported, with few bilateral cases published in the literature. CASE REPORT: A very rare case of bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss associated with acute otitis media is described, with a review of the literature...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
journal
journal
29550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"