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Advances in Colloid and Interface Science

Rajesh Kumar Prusty, Dinesh Kumar Rathore, Bankim Chandra Ray
The environmental durability of polymer based composites has always been a critical concern over its short- and long-term performances. The degree of environmental degradation is supposed to have different mechanisms and kinetics at the polymer/reinforcement interfaces in comparison to the bulk polymer matrix. Differential degradation could possibly attribute a stressed state in the material, especially at the interfaces. Present review is focused on the roles of reinforcing CNT on the performance of the polymeric nanocomposites in different in-service environments (the environmental parameters include temperature, moisture, UV light, low earth orbit space environment, electromagnetic waves)...
December 28, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Dawoud Al Mahrouqi, Jan Vinogradov, Matthew D Jackson
Despite the broad range of interest and applications, controls on calcite surface charge in aqueous solution, especially at conditions relevant to natural systems, remain poorly understood. The primary data source to understand calcite surface charge comprises measurements of zeta potential. Here we collate and review previous measurements of zeta potential on natural and artificial calcite and carbonate as a resource for future studies, compare and contrast the results of these studies to determine key controls on zeta potential and where uncertainties remain, and report new measurements of zeta potential relevant to natural subsurface systems...
December 26, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
R Miller, E V Aksenenko, V B Fainerman
The dynamics of surfactant interfacial layers was first discussed more than a century ago. In 1946 the most important work by Ward and Tordai was published which is still the theoretical basis of all new models to describe the time dependence of interfacial properties. In addition to the diffusion controlled adsorption mechanism, many other models have been postulated in literature, however, well performed experiments with well defined surfactant systems have shown that the diffusional transport is the main process governing the entire formation of surfactant adsorption layers...
December 24, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
David Julian McClements
Biopolymer microgels have considerable potential for their ability to encapsulate, protect, and release bioactive components. Biopolymer microgels are small particles (typically 100nm to 1000μm) whose interior consists of a three-dimensional network of cross-linked biopolymer molecules that traps a considerable amount of solvent. This type of particle is also sometimes referred to as a nanogel, hydrogel bead, biopolymer particles, or microsphere. Biopolymer microgels are typically prepared using a two-step process involving particle formation and particle gelation...
December 16, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Ravi P Pandey, Geetanjali Shukla, Murli Manohar, Vinod K Shahi
In the context of many applications, such as polymer composites, energy-related materials, sensors, 'paper'-like materials, field-effect transistors (FET), and biomedical applications, chemically modified graphene was broadly studied during the last decade, due to its excellent electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties. The presence of reactive oxygen functional groups in the grapheme oxide (GO) responsible for chemical functionalization makes it a good candidate for diversified applications. The main objectives for developing a GO based nanohybrid proton exchange membrane (PEM) include: improved self-humidification (water retention ability), reduced fuel crossover (electro-osmotic drag), improved stabilities (mechanical, thermal, and chemical), enhanced proton conductivity, and processability for the preparation of membrane-electrode assembly...
December 15, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Ramanathan Nagarajan
Low molecular weight surfactants and high molecular weight block copolymers display analogous self-assembly behavior in solutions and at interfaces, generating nanoscale structures of different shapes. Understanding the link between the molecular structure of these amphiphiles and their self-assembly behavior has been the goal of theoretical studies. Despite the analogies between surfactants and block copolymers, models predicting their self-assembly behavior have evolved independent of one another, each overlooking the molecular feature considered critical to the other...
December 9, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Dennis C Prieve, Benjamin A Yezer, Aditya S Khair, Paul J Sides, James W Schneider
After presenting a brief historical overview of the classic contributions of Faraday, Arrhenius, Kohlrausch, Bjerrum, Debye, Hückel and Onsager to understanding the conductivity of true electrolytes in aqueous solutions, we present an in-depth review of the 1933 work of Fuoss & Kraus who explored the effect of the solvent on electrolyte dissociation equilibria in either polar or nonpolar media. Their theory predicts that the equilibrium constant for dissociation decays exponentially with the ratio of the Bjerrum length λB to the ion-pair size a...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Ali Jebali, Elham Khajeh Nayeri, Sima Roohana, Shiva Aghaei, Maede Ghaffari, Karim Daliri, Garcia Fuente
Combining nanoparticles with carbohydrate has triggered an exponential growth of research activities for the design of novel functional bionanomaterials, nano-carbohydrates. Recent advances in versatile synthesis of glycosylated nanoparticles have paved the way towards diverse biomedical applications. The accessibility of a wide variety of these structured nanosystems, in terms of shape, size, and organization around stable nanoparticles, has readily contributed to their development and application in nanomedicine...
November 9, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Xiaoqing Liu, Jean-Paul Chapel, Christophe Schatz
While many studies on coacervation have targeted biomacromolecules, we review in this article the key structure, thermodynamic and kinetic features of a fully synthetic coacervating system based on polyacrylic acid (PAA) and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) oppositely charged polyelectrolytes at pH10, where PAA chains are fully deprotonated. Among the main points of interest, we can highlight (i) the presence of polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) nanoparticles that, unexpectedly, coexist with a certain amount of coacervate droplets in a large range of compositions, even far from stoichiometry; (ii) the fact that these PEC nanoparticles are likely precursors of the coacervation occurring at stoichiometry; (iii) the formation of soluble PECs only in a certain range of physicochemical conditions; (iv) the equilibrium properties of the system; (v) and last but not least a distinctive kinetic signature at stoichiometry evidenced by a peak in light scattering at very short times (~100ms)...
October 28, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Marek Kosmulski
The pH-dependent surface charging of metal (hydr)oxides is reviewed on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication by G.A. Parks: "Isoelectric points of solid oxides, solid hydroxides, and aqueous hydroxo complex systems" in Chemical Reviews. The point of zero charge (PZC) and isoelectric point (IEP) became standard parameters to characterize metal oxides in aqueous dispersions, and they define adsorption (surface excess) of ions, stability against coagulation, rheological properties of dispersions, etc...
December 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Lina Nyström, Martin Malmsten
Microgels offer robust and facile approaches for surface modification, as well as opportunities to introduce biological functionality by loading such structures with bioactive agents, e.g., in the context of drug delivery, functional biomaterials, and biosensors. As such, they provide a versatile approach for the design of surfaces with pre-determined characteristics compared to more elaborate bottom-up approaches, such as layer-by-layer deposition and surface-initiated polymerization. In the present overview, properties of surface-bound microgels are discussed, ranging from physical adsorption and covalent grafting in dilute systems, to directed self-assembly, multilayer structures, and composites, as well as loading an release of drugs and other cargo molecules into/from such systems, and biomedical applications of these...
December 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Sameh M I Saad, A Wilhelm Neumann
Drop shape techniques for the measurement of interfacial tension are powerful, versatile and flexible. The shape of the drop/bubble depends on the balance between surface tension and external forces, e.g. gravity. This balance is reflected mathematically in the Laplace equation of capillarity. Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis (ADSA) is a commonly used drop shape technique. A streamlined version of the development of ADSA over the past several decades is presented to illustrate its validity and range of utility...
December 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Wei Cui, Anhe Wang, Jie Zhao, Junbai Li
Polyelectrolyte multilayer capsules have become a novel and promising class of hybrid materials with great potential since they can be applied in various areas, such as pharmaceutical sciences, biotechnology, and biomedicine. The concept of using such carriers for biology application is diagnosis and treatment of diseases for convenience, safety and specific targeting. Therefore, the development of biocompatible, biodegradable and specific characteristic nanostructure material is highly desirable. Much effort has been devoted to exploring innovative and effective techniques to fabricate such materials...
October 6, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Anna Lukowiak, Anna Kedziora, Wieslaw Strek
Graphene-based materials have become very popular bionanotechnological instruments in the last few years. Since 2010, the graphene family materials have been recognized as worthy of attention due to its antimicrobial properties. Functionalization of graphene (or rather graphene oxide) surface creates the possibilities to obtain efficient antimicrobial agents. In this review, progress and advances in this field in the last few years are described and discussed. Special attention is devoted to materials based on graphene oxide in which specifically selected components significantly modify biological activity of this carbon structure...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
B Maneshian, Kh Javadi, M Taeibi Rahni, R Miller
This paper deals with investigations of droplet dynamics in rotating flows. In many previous studies droplet dynamics was analyzed in simple unidirectional flows. To fill this gap, the focus of this study is an overview on investigations of droplet dynamics in a complex rotating flow. A Lattice Boltzmann Method with high potential in simulation of two-phase unsteady flows is applied to simulate the physics of the problem in a lid-driven cavity. In spite of its simple geometry, there is a complex rotating flow field containing different vortices and shear regions...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Mengqi Li, Dongqing Li
Most researches on oil droplets immersed in aqueous solutions assume that the surface charges of oil droplets are, similar to that of solid particles, immobile and distributed uniformly under external electric field. However, the surface charges at the liquid-liquid interface are mobile and will redistribute under external electric field. This paper studies the redistribution of surface charges on an oil droplet under the influence of the external electrical field. Analytical expressions of the local zeta potential on the surface of an oil droplet after the charge redistribution in a uniform electrical field were derived...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Carlos Moreno-Castilla
Carbon spheres (CSs) have recently attracted major interest due to their new applications, mainly in energy storage and conversion but also in hard-templating, sorption/catalysis processes, and drug delivery systems. This is attributable to their physico-chemical properties, including their tunable morphology (solid, hollow and core-shell), size, surface area/porosity, good electrical conductivity, low external surface-to-volume ratio, high packing density, enhanced mass transport, robust mechanical stability, low cytotoxicity, and excellent biocompatibility...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
David Wibowo, Yue Hui, Anton P J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
Silica nanocapsules have attracted significant interest due to their core-shell hierarchical structure. The core domain allows the encapsulation of various functional components such as drugs, fluorescent and magnetic nanoparticles for applications in drug delivery, imaging and sensing, and the silica shell with its unique properties including biocompatibility, chemical and physical stability, and surface-chemistry tailorability provides a protection layer for the encapsulated cargo. Therefore, significant effort has been directed to synthesize silica nanocapsules with engineered properties, including size, composition and surface functionality, for various applications...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Gui Lu, Xiao-Dong Wang, Yuan-Yuan Duan
Dynamic wetting is an important interfacial phenomenon in many industrial applications. There have been many excellent reviews of dynamic wetting, especially on super-hydrophobic surfaces with physical or chemical coatings, porous layers, hybrid micro/nano structures and biomimetic structures. This review summarizes recent research on dynamic wetting from the viewpoint of the fluids rather than the solid surfaces. The reviewed fluids range from simple Newtonian fluids to non-Newtonian fluids and complex nanofluids...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Stefan Wolfrum, Julien Marcus, Didier Touraud, Werner Kunz
Soaps are the oldest and perhaps most natural surfactants. However, they lost much of their importance since "technical surfactants", usually based on sulfates or sulfonates, have been developed over the last fifty years. Indeed, soaps are pH- and salt-sensitive and they are irritant, especially to the eyes. In food emulsions, although authorized, they have a bad taste, and long-chain saturated soaps have a high Krafft temperature. We believe that most or perhaps all of these problems can be solved with modern formulation approaches...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
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