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Advances in Colloid and Interface Science

Xiao Su, T Alan Hatton
Redox-active materials hold great promise as platforms for selective liquid-phase separations. In contrast to capacitive electrodes that rely purely on double-layer charge for deionization, redox-modified electrodes can be used to control Faradaic reactions at the interface to selectively bind various charged and uncharged molecules, thus modulating surface interactions through electrochemical potential solely. These electrodes can be composed of a range of functional materials, from organic and organometallic polymers to inorganic crystalline compounds, each relying on its own distinct ion-exchange process...
September 9, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Yalin Liu, H Henning Winter, Sarah L Perry
Rheology is a powerful method for material characterization that can provide detailed information about the self-assembly, structure, and intermolecular interactions present in a material. Here, we review the use of linear viscoelastic measurements for the rheological characterization of complex coacervate-based materials. Complex coacervation is an electrostatically and entropically-driven associative liquid-liquid phase separation phenomenon that can result in the formation of bulk liquid phases, or the self-assembly of hierarchical, microphase separated materials...
September 6, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
João P Vareda, Artur J M Valente, Luisa Durães
Heavy metals are dangerous pollutants that in spite of occurring naturally are released in major amounts to the environment due to anthropogenic activities. After being released in the environment, the heavy metals end up in the soils where they accumulate as they do not degrade, adversely affecting the biota. Because of the dynamic equilibria between soil constituents, the heavy metals may be present in different phases such as the solid phase (immobilized contaminants) or dissolved in soil solution. The latter form is the most dangerous because the ions are mobile, can leach and be absorbed by living organisms...
August 21, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Paul A Mountford, Mark A Borden
Superheated nanodrops are a new class of submicron-diameter liquid emulsion particles comprising perfluoropropane (C3F8), perfluorobutane (C4F10) and perfluoropentane (C5F12) that are being developed for ultrasound imaging and therapy. They can be formed by condensation of precursor lipid-coated, gas-filled microbubbles. Application of ultrasound or laser energy triggers the phase transformation back to a vapor bubble, and this process can be exploited for certain biomedical applications. The nanodrops are remarkably metastable in the liquid state under physiological conditions, even though they are highly superheated...
August 18, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Zhiqi He, Paschalis Alexandridis
Having novel electronic and optical properties that emanate from their nano-scale dimensions, nanoparticles are central to numerous applications. Ionic liquids can confer to nanoparticle chemical protection and physicochemical property enhancement through intermolecular interactions and can consequently improve the stability and reusability of nanoparticle for various operations. With an aim to combine the novel properties of nanoparticles and ionic liquids, different structures have been generated, based on a balance of several intermolecular interactions...
August 9, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
H Monteillet, J M Kleijn, J Sprakel, F A M Leermakers
The Scheutjens-Fleer self-consistent field (SF-SCF) theory is used to study complexation between two oppositely charged polyelectrolytes across an interface formed by two solvents, here called oil and water. The focus is on the composition and the lateral stability of such interfacial coacervate. One polyelectrolyte is chosen to be oil soluble and the other one prefers water, whereas the counter and salt ions are taken to distribute ideally over all phases. There exists an electrostatic associative driving force for the formation of the coacervate phase which increases with decreasing ionic strength and may be assisted by some specific affinity between the associating units and an effective poor solvency for the coacervate...
August 4, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Shangchao Lin, Chih-Jen Shih, Vishnu Sresht, Ananth Govind Rajan, Michael S Strano, Daniel Blankschtein
The colloidal dispersion stability of 1D and 2D materials in the liquid phase is critical for scalable nano-manufacturing, chemical modification, composites production, and deployment as conductive inks or nanofluids. Here, we review recent computational and theoretical studies carried out by our group to model the dispersion stability of 1D and 2D materials, including single-walled carbon nanotubes, graphene, and graphene oxide in aqueous surfactant solutions or organic solvents. All-atomistic (AA) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations can probe the molecular level details of the adsorption morphology of surfactants and solvents around these materials, as well as quantify the interaction energy between the nanomaterials mediated by surfactants or solvents...
August 3, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
A Basak Kayitmazer
Isothermal titration calorimetry has routinely been used to understand the thermodynamic characteristics of complexation and coacervation. Most commonly, built-in models that assume independent binding sites have been employed in these studies. However, the non-covalent nature of interactions and steric effects accompanying macromolecules require (i) usage of new models such as overlapping binding sites and Satake-Yang's two-state binding models and (ii) reformed interpretations of the data as two-stage structuring...
July 29, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Anna Lukowiak, Anna Kedziora, Wieslaw Strek
Graphene-based materials have become very popular bionanotechnological instruments in the last few years. Since 2010, the graphene family materials have been recognized as worthy of attention due to its antimicrobial properties. Functionalization of graphene (or rather graphene oxide) surface creates the possibilities to obtain efficient antimicrobial agents. In this review, progress and advances in this field in the last few years are described and discussed. Special attention is devoted to materials based on graphene oxide in which specifically selected components significantly modify biological activity of this carbon structure...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
B Maneshian, Kh Javadi, M Taeibi Rahni, R Miller
This paper deals with investigations of droplet dynamics in rotating flows. In many previous studies droplet dynamics was analyzed in simple unidirectional flows. To fill this gap, the focus of this study is an overview on investigations of droplet dynamics in a complex rotating flow. A Lattice Boltzmann Method with high potential in simulation of two-phase unsteady flows is applied to simulate the physics of the problem in a lid-driven cavity. In spite of its simple geometry, there is a complex rotating flow field containing different vortices and shear regions...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Mengqi Li, Dongqing Li
Most researches on oil droplets immersed in aqueous solutions assume that the surface charges of oil droplets are, similar to that of solid particles, immobile and distributed uniformly under external electric field. However, the surface charges at the liquid-liquid interface are mobile and will redistribute under external electric field. This paper studies the redistribution of surface charges on an oil droplet under the influence of the external electrical field. Analytical expressions of the local zeta potential on the surface of an oil droplet after the charge redistribution in a uniform electrical field were derived...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Carlos Moreno-Castilla
Carbon spheres (CSs) have recently attracted major interest due to their new applications, mainly in energy storage and conversion but also in hard-templating, sorption/catalysis processes, and drug delivery systems. This is attributable to their physico-chemical properties, including their tunable morphology (solid, hollow and core-shell), size, surface area/porosity, good electrical conductivity, low external surface-to-volume ratio, high packing density, enhanced mass transport, robust mechanical stability, low cytotoxicity, and excellent biocompatibility...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
David Wibowo, Yue Hui, Anton P J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
Silica nanocapsules have attracted significant interest due to their core-shell hierarchical structure. The core domain allows the encapsulation of various functional components such as drugs, fluorescent and magnetic nanoparticles for applications in drug delivery, imaging and sensing, and the silica shell with its unique properties including biocompatibility, chemical and physical stability, and surface-chemistry tailorability provides a protection layer for the encapsulated cargo. Therefore, significant effort has been directed to synthesize silica nanocapsules with engineered properties, including size, composition and surface functionality, for various applications...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Gui Lu, Xiao-Dong Wang, Yuan-Yuan Duan
Dynamic wetting is an important interfacial phenomenon in many industrial applications. There have been many excellent reviews of dynamic wetting, especially on super-hydrophobic surfaces with physical or chemical coatings, porous layers, hybrid micro/nano structures and biomimetic structures. This review summarizes recent research on dynamic wetting from the viewpoint of the fluids rather than the solid surfaces. The reviewed fluids range from simple Newtonian fluids to non-Newtonian fluids and complex nanofluids...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Stefan Wolfrum, Julien Marcus, Didier Touraud, Werner Kunz
Soaps are the oldest and perhaps most natural surfactants. However, they lost much of their importance since "technical surfactants", usually based on sulfates or sulfonates, have been developed over the last fifty years. Indeed, soaps are pH- and salt-sensitive and they are irritant, especially to the eyes. In food emulsions, although authorized, they have a bad taste, and long-chain saturated soaps have a high Krafft temperature. We believe that most or perhaps all of these problems can be solved with modern formulation approaches...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Hajar Maleki, Luisa Durães, Carlos A García-González, Pasquale Del Gaudio, António Portugal, Morteza Mahmoudi
Aerogels are an exceptional group of nanoporous materials with outstanding physicochemical properties. Due to their unique physical, chemical, and mechanical properties, aerogels are recognized as promising candidates for diverse applications including, thermal insulation, catalysis, environmental cleaning up, chemical sensors, acoustic transducers, energy storage devices, metal casting molds and water repellant coatings. Here, we have provided a comprehensive overview on the synthesis, processing and drying methods of the mostly investigated types of aerogels used in the biological and biomedical contexts, including silica aerogels, silica-polymer composites, polymeric and biopolymer aerogels...
October 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
V V Nikonenko, V I Vasil'eva, E M Akberova, A M Uzdenova, M K Urtenov, A V Kovalenko, N P Pismenskaya, S A Mareev, G Pourcelly
Considering diffusion near a solid surface and simplifying the shape of concentration profile in diffusion-dominated layer allowed Nernst and Brunner to propose their famous equation for calculating the solute diffusion flux. Intensive (overlimiting) currents generate electroconvection (EC), which is a recently discovered interfacial phenomenon produced by the action of an external electric field on the electric space charge formed near an ion-selective interface. EC microscale vortices effectively mix the depleted solution layer that allows the reduction of diffusion transport limitations...
September 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Surya Subianto, Naba Dutta, Mats Andersson, Namita Roy Choudhury
Organic thin film photovoltaics based on bulk-heterojunction donor-acceptor combinations have received significant interest due to their potential for low-cost, large-scale solution processing. However, current state-of-the-art cells utilise materials soluble mainly in halogenated solvents which pose processing challenges due to their toxicity and thus environmental hazards. In this contribution, we look at various nanomaterials, and alternative processing of these solar cells using environmentally friendly solvents, and review recently reported different strategies and approaches that are making inroads in this field...
September 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Diana Cholakova, Nikolai Denkov, Slavka Tcholakova, Ivan Lesov, Stoyan K Smoukov
The general mechanisms of structure and form generation are the keys to understanding the fundamental processes of morphogenesis in living and non-living systems. In our recent study (Denkov et al., Nature 528 (2015) 392) we showed that micrometer sized n-alkane drops, dispersed in aqueous surfactant solutions, can break symmetry upon cooling and "self-shape" into a series of geometric shapes with complex internal structure. This phenomenon is important in two contexts, as it provides: (a) new, highly efficient bottom-up approach for producing particles with complex shapes, and (b) remarkably simple system, from the viewpoint of its chemical composition, which exhibits the basic processes of structure and shape transformations, reminiscent of morphogenesis events in living organisms...
September 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Rogerio Manica, Evert Klaseboer, Derek Y C Chan
A bubble smaller than 1mm in radius rises along a straight path in water and attains a constant speed due to the balance between buoyancy and drag force. Depending on the purity of the system, within the two extreme limits of tangentially immobile or mobile boundary conditions at the air-water interface considerably different terminal speeds are possible. When such a bubble impacts on a horizontal solid surface and bounces, interesting physics can be observed. We study this physical phenomenon in terms of forces, which can be of colloidal, inertial, elastic, surface tension and viscous origins...
September 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
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