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Advances in Colloid and Interface Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606715/the-interaction-of-antimicrobial-peptides-with-membranes
#1
REVIEW
Oksana G Travkova, Helmuth Moehwald, Gerald Brezesinski
The interaction of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with biological membranes is in the focus of research since several years, and the most important features and modes of action of AMPs are described in this review. Different model systems can be used to understand such interactions on a molecular level. As a special example, we use 2D and 3D model membranes to investigate the interaction of the natural cyclic (Ar-1) and the synthetic linear molecule arenicin with selected amphiphiles and phospholipids. A panoply of sophisticated methods has been used to analyze these interactions on a molecular level...
June 5, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619381/recent-experimental-advances-for-understanding-bubble-particle-attachment-in-flotation
#2
REVIEW
Yaowen Xing, Xiahui Gui, Lei Pan, Bat-El Pinchasik, Yijun Cao, Jiongtian Liu, Michael Kappl, Hans-Jürgen Butt
Bubble-particle interaction is of great theoretical and practical importance in flotation. Significant progress has been achieved over the past years and the process of bubble-particle collision is reasonably well understood. This, however, is not the case for bubble-particle attachment leading to three-phase contact line formation due to the difficulty in both theoretical analysis and experimental verification. For attachment, surface forces play a major role. They control the thinning and rupture of the liquid film between the bubble and the particle...
May 31, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602208/liposomes-and-lipid-bilayers-in-biosensors
#3
REVIEW
Federico Mazur, Marta Bally, Brigitte Städler, Rona Chandrawati
Biosensors for the rapid, specific, and sensitive detection of analytes play a vital role in healthcare, drug discovery, food safety, and environmental monitoring. Although a number of sensing concepts and devices have been developed, many longstanding challenges to obtain inexpensive, easy-to-use, and reliable sensor platforms remain largely unmet. Nanomaterials offer exciting possibilities for enhancing the assay sensitivity and for lowering the detection limits down to single-molecule resolution. In this review, we present an overview of liposomes and lipid bilayers in biosensing applications...
May 31, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577754/a-review-on-the-mechanical-and-thermodynamic-robustness-of-superhydrophobic-surfaces
#4
REVIEW
Liam R J Scarratt, Ullrich Steiner, Chiara Neto
Advancements in the fabrication and study of superhydrophobic surfaces have been significant over the past 10years, and some 20years after the discovery of the lotus effect, the study of special wettability surfaces can be considered mainstream. While the fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces is well advanced and the physical properties of superhydrophobic surfaces well-understood, the robustness of these surfaces, both in terms of mechanical and thermodynamic properties, are only recently getting attention in the literature...
May 30, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625561/monitoring-the-different-micelle-species-and-the-slow-kinetics-of-tetraethylammonium-perfluorooctane-sulfonate-by-19-f-nmr-spectroscopy
#5
LETTER
Xiaolin Wang, Jingfei Chen, Dong Wang, Shuli Dong, Jingcheng Hao, Heinz Hoffmann
Since we lack effective tools that can monitor the structures of surfactant micelles in situ, the different equilibrium species and the slow kinetics of micelles are still not well understood. Herein, by using (19)F NMR, we simultaneously monitored that micelles of tetraethylammonium perfluorooctanesulfonate (TPFOS, C8F17SO3N(C2H5)4) in water grow more complex in virtue of hydrophobic counterions and the slow kinetic exchange process exists in the system. Apart from the monomeric signals, three sets of micelle signals which correspond to spherical micelles, wormlike/wormlike micelles with rings in end caps and toroidal micelles were successfully detected on the NMR time scale because of the slow exchange rate for surfactant molecules between the monomer and the micelle states...
May 26, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552423/electro-optic-kerr-effect-in-the-study-of-mixtures-of-oppositely-charged-colloids-the-case-of-polymer-surfactant-mixtures-in-aqueous-solutions
#6
REVIEW
Hernán A Ritacco
In this review I highlight a very sensitive experimental technique for the study of polymer-surfactant complexation: The electro-optic Kerr effect. This review does not intend to be exhaustive in covering the Kerr Effect nor polymer-surfactant systems, instead it aims to call attention to an experimental technique that, even if applied in a qualitative manner, could give very rich and unique information about the structures and aggregation processes occurring in mixtures of oppositely charged colloids. The usefulness of electric birefringence experiments in the study of such systems is illustrated by selected results from literature in hope of stimulating the realization of more birefringence experiments on similar systems...
May 15, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535903/foams-from-nature-to-industry
#7
REVIEW
Christopher Hill, Julian Eastoe
This article discusses different natural and man-made foams, with particular emphasis on the different modes of formation and stability. Natural foams, such as those produced on the sea or by numerous creatures for nests, are generally stabilised by dissolved organic carbon (DOC) molecules or proteins. In addition to this, foam nests are stabilised by multifunctional mixtures of surfactants and proteins called ranaspumins, which act together to give the required physical and biochemical stability. With regards to industrial foams, the article focuses on how various features of foams are exploited for different industrial applications...
May 12, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528626/colloid-particle-formulations-for-antimicrobial-applications
#8
REVIEW
Ahmed F Halbus, Tommy S Horozov, Vesselin N Paunov
Colloidal particles are being extensively studied in various antimicrobial applications due to their small size to volume ratio and ability to exhibit a wide spectrum of antibacterial, antifungal, antialgal and antiviral action. The present review focuses on various nanoparticles (NPs) of inorganic, organic and hybrid materials, and discusses some of the methods for their preparation as well as mechanisms of their antimicrobial action. We consider the antimicrobial applications of metal oxide nanoparticles (ZnO, MgO, CuO, Cu2O, Al2O3, TiO2, CeO2 and Y2O3), metal nanoparticles (NPs), such as copper, silver and gold, metal hydroxide NPs such as Mg(OH)2 as well as hybrid NPs made from biodegradable materials, such as chitosan, lignin and dextran, loaded with other antimicrobial agents...
May 12, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515013/atomic-force-microscopy-from-red-blood-cells-to-immunohaematology
#9
REVIEW
Natasha Yeow, Rico F Tabor, Gil Garnier
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) offers complementary imaging modes that can provide morphological and structural details of red blood cells (RBCs), and characterize interactions between specific biomolecules and RBC surface antigen. This review describes the applications of AFM in determining RBC health by the observation of cell morphology, elasticity and surface roughness. Measurement of interaction forces between plasma proteins and antibodies against RBC surface antigen using the AFM also brought new information to the immunohaematology field...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532662/molecular-design-of-flotation-collectors-a-recent-progress
#10
REVIEW
Guangyi Liu, Xianglin Yang, Hong Zhong
The nature of froth flotation is to selectively hydrophobize valuable minerals by collector adsorption so that the hydrophobized mineral particles can attach air bubbles. In recent years, the increasing commercial production of refractory complex ores has been urgent to develop special collectors for enhancing flotation separation efficiency of valuable minerals from these ores. Molecular design methods offer an effective way for understanding the structure-property relationship of flotation collectors and developing new ones...
May 10, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552424/physicochemical-and-colloidal-aspects-of-food-matrix-effects-on-gastrointestinal-fate-of-ingested-inorganic-nanoparticles
#11
REVIEW
David Julian McClements, Hang Xiao, Philip Demokritou
Inorganic nanoparticles, such as titanium dioxide, silicon dioxide, iron oxide, zinc oxide, or silver nanoparticles, are added to some food products and food packaging materials to obtain specific functional attributes, such as lightening, powder flow, nutrition, or antimicrobial properties. These engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) all have dimensions below 100nm, but may still vary considerably in composition, morphology, charge, surface properties and aggregation state, which effects their gastrointestinal fate and potential toxicity...
May 9, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527520/recent-advances-in-smart-biotechnology-hydrogels-and-nanocarriers-for-tailored-bioactive-molecules-depot
#12
REVIEW
Gesmi Milcovich, Stefania Lettieri, Filipe E Antunes, Bruno Medronho, Ana C Fonseca, Jorge F J Coelho, Paolo Marizza, Francesca Perrone, Rossella Farra, Barbara Dapas, Gabriele Grassi, Mario Grassi, Silvia Giordani
Over the past ten years, the global biopharmaceutical market has remarkably grown, with ten over the top twenty worldwide high performance medical treatment sales being biologics. Thus, biotech R&D (research and development) sector is becoming a key leading branch, with expanding revenues. Biotechnology offers considerable advantages compared to traditional therapeutic approaches, such as reducing side effects, specific treatments, higher patient compliance and therefore more effective treatments leading to lower healthcare costs...
May 9, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511788/porous-structure-of-ion-exchange-membranes-investigated-by-various-techniques
#13
REVIEW
N Kononenko, V Nikonenko, D Grande, C Larchet, L Dammak, M Fomenko, Yu Volfkovich
A comparative review of various techniques is provided: mercury intrusion porosimetry, nitrogen sorption porosimetry, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)-based thermoporosimetry, and standard contact porosimetry (SCP), which allows determining pore volume distribution versus pore radius/water binding energy in ion-exchange membranes (IEMs). IEMs in the swollen state have a labile structure involving micro-, meso- and macropores, whose size is a function of the external water vapor pressure. For such materials, the most appropriate methods for quantifying their porosity are DSC and SCP...
May 9, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571611/incorporation-of-ion-and-solvent-structure-into-mean-field-modeling-of-the-electric-double-layer
#14
REVIEW
Klemen Bohinc, Guilherme Volpe Bossa, Sylvio May
An electric double layer forms when the small mobile ions of an electrolyte interact with an extended charged object, a macroion. The competition between electrostatic attraction and translational entropy loss of the small ions results in a diffuse layer of partially immobilized ions in the vicinity of the macroion. Modeling structure and energy of the electric double layer has a long history that has lead to the classical Poisson-Boltzmann theory and numerous extensions that account for ion-ion correlations and structural ion and solvent properties...
May 5, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532663/recent-developments-in-drug-eluting-devices-with-tailored-interfacial-properties
#15
REVIEW
Eva Sanchez-Rexach, Emilio Meaurio, Jose-Ramon Sarasua
Drug eluting devices have greatly evolved during past years to become fundamental products of great marketing importance in the biomedical field. There is currently a large diversity of highly specialized devices for specific applications, making the development of these devices an exciting field of research. The replacement of the former bare metal devices by devices loaded with drugs allowed the sustained and controlled release of drugs, to achieve the desired local therapeutic concentration of drug. The newer devices have been "engineered" with surfaces containing micro- and nanoscale features in a well-controlled manner, that have shown to significantly affect cellular and subcellular function of various biological systems...
May 4, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499605/interfacial-characteristics-of-binary-polymer-blend-films-spread-at-the-air-water-interface
#16
REVIEW
Masami Kawaguchi
The interfacial characteristics of binary polymer blend films spread at the air-water interface are reviewed, focusing on their surface pressures, interfacial structures, and dilational moduli as a function of the miscibility. Miscible polymer blend films show thermodynamic, structural, and dynamic properties which are a combination of those from both components in the polymer blend present at the air-water interface. No preferential adsorption is observed and the behavior does not depend on the surface concentration regime...
May 4, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499601/multicomponent-nanocrystals-with-anti-stokes-luminescence-as-contrast-agents-for-modern-imaging-techniques
#17
REVIEW
A N Generalova, B N Chichkov, E V Khaydukov
Lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have recently attracted great attention in theranostics due to their exceptional optical and physicochemical properties, which enable the design of a novel UCNP-based nanoplatform for luminescent imaging, temperature mapping, sensing, and therapy. In addition, UCNPs are considered to be ideal building blocks for development of multimodal probes for cells and whole body imaging, exploiting simple variation of host matrix, dopant ions, and surface chemistry...
May 4, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499604/iron-oxide-nanoparticles-in-vivo-in-vitro-biomedical-applications-and-in-silico-studies
#18
REVIEW
Miroslava Nedyalkova, Borjana Donkova, Julia Romanova, George Tzvetkov, Sergio Madurga, Vasil Simeonov
The review presents a broad overview of the biomedical applications of surface functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) agents for sensitive and precise diagnosis tool and synergistic combination with other imaging modalities. Then, the recent progress in therapeutic applications, such as hyperthermia is discussed and the available toxicity data of magnetic nanoparticles concerning in vitro and in vivo biomedical applications are addressed. This review also presents the available computer models using molecular dynamics (MD), Monte Carlo (MC) and density functional theory (DFT), as a basis for a complete understanding of the behaviour and morphology of functionalized IONPs, for improving NPs surface design and expanding the potential applications in nanomedicine...
May 3, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499603/bio-templated-silica-composites-for-next-generation-biomedical-applications
#19
REVIEW
Karunya Albert, Xin-Chun Huang, Hsin-Yun Hsu
Silica-based materials have extensive biomedical applications owing to their unique physical, chemical, and biological properties. Recently, increasing studies have examined the mechanisms involved in biosilicification to develop novel, fine-tunable, eco-friendly materials and/or technologies. In this review, we focus on recent developments in bio-templated silica synthesis and relevant applications in drug delivery systems, tissue engineering, and biosensing.
April 29, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499600/lipid-vesicles-in-pulsed-electric-fields-fundamental-principles-of-the-membrane-response-and-its-biomedical-applications
#20
REVIEW
Dayinta L Perrier, Lea Rems, Pouyan E Boukany
The present review focuses on the effects of pulsed electric fields on lipid vesicles ranging from giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) to small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs), from both fundamental and applicative perspectives. Lipid vesicles are the most popular model membrane systems for studying biophysical and biological processes in living cells. Furthermore, as vesicles are made from biocompatible and biodegradable materials, they provide a strategy to create safe and functionalized drug delivery systems in health-care applications...
April 28, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
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