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Acta Radiologica

Arnulf Skjennald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Acta Radiologica
Sungmin Woo, Sang Youn Kim, Jeong Yeon Cho, Seung Hyup Kim
Background Recent literature suggests that intratumoral hemorrhage detection may be helpful in differentiating papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) from fat-poor angiomyolipoma (fpAML). Purpose To determine whether intratumoral hemorrhage detected using chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and T2*-weighted (T2*W) gradient echo (GRE) can be used to differentiate pRCC from fpAML. Material and Methods This retrospective study included 42 patients with pRCC (n = 28) and fpAML (n = 14) who underwent MRI followed by surgery...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Licia Gristina, Giuseppe Rescinito, Alessandro Garlaschi, Simona Tosto, Luca Cevasco, Massimo Calabrese
Background Magnetic resonance (MR) permits the detection of some malignant lesions that cannot be identified with mammography or ultrasonography. The characterization of these MR-only detectable lesions often requires a biopsy. Purpose To evaluate the technique, the feasibility and the accuracy of freehand 3T MR-guided VAB for the characterization of suspicious, MR-only detectable lesions and to compare VAB results with surgical pathology and follow-up imaging results. Material and Methods During 2010-2015, 118 women who were referred for MR-guided VAB were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Taiyo L Harada, Kazuhiro Saito, Yoichi Araki, Jun Matsubayashi, Toshitaka Nagao, Katsutoshi Sugimoto, Koichi Tokuuye
Background Recently, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and quantitative enhancement ratio measured at the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been established as an effective method for evaluating liver fibrosis. Purpose To evaluate which is a more favorable surrogate marker in predicting high-stage liver fibrosis, apparently diffusion coefficient (ADC) value or quantitative enhancement ratio measured on HBP. Material and Methods Eighty-three patients with 99 surgically resected hepatic lesions were enrolled in this study...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Teng Jin, Gang Wu, Xiaoming Li, Xiaoyuan Feng
Background Time-resolved angiography with stochastic trajectories (TWIST) sequence makes considerable progress in temporal and spatial resolution, which presents high potential in evaluation of vascular diseases. Purpose To assess magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using TWIST MR angiography (MRA) sequence in the assessment of vascular invasion for bone and soft-tissue tumors in comparison to computed tomography angiography (CTA) as the reference standard. Material and Methods Thirty-three patients with lower extremity musculoskeletal tumors were imaged with conventional MR and TWIST MRA...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Ionut Caravan, Cristiana Augusta Ciortea, Alexandra Contis, Andrei Lebovici
Background High-grade gliomas (HGGs) and brain metastases (BMs) can display similar imaging characteristics on conventional MRI. In HGGs, the peritumoral edema may be infiltrated by the malignant cells, which was not observed in BMs. Purpose To determine whether the apparent diffusion coefficient values could differentiate HGGs from BMs. Material and Methods Fifty-seven patients underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) before treatment. The minimum and mean ADC in the enhancing tumor (ADCmin , ADCmean ) and the minimum ADC in the peritumoral region (ADCedema ) were measured from ADC maps...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Ruta Nylander, Markus Fahlström, Egill Rostrup, Joel Kullberg, Soheil Damangir, Håkan Ahlström, Lars Lind, Elna-Marie Larsson
Background Cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), lacunes, and microbleeds are seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in small vessel disease (SVD). Purpose To assess SVD on MRI and its evolution over five years in an elderly population and to investigate whether relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) at baseline was related to the progression of white matter (WM) lesions. Material and Methods In a population-based study, 406 participants aged 75 years underwent morphological MRI of the brain and 252 of them again at age 80 years...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Yang Duan, Zhihua Xu, Hongyi Li, Xiaonan Cai, Cancan Chang, Benqiang Yang
Background Deep medullary veins (DMVs) are a biomarker of severity and prognosis in patients with acute cerebral infarction. However, their clinical significance remains unclear in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA). Purpose To determine whether prominent deep medullary veins (PDMVs) are a predictive biomarker for stroke risk after TIA. Material and Methods Clinical and imaging data of 49 patients with TIA and 49 sex- and age-matched controls were studied. PDMVs were defined as DMVs with a score of 3 (TDMVs) or asymmetric DMVs (ADMVs), and the relationship between PDMVs and clinical features was analyzed...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Sarah Keller, Zhiyue J Wang, Amir Golsari, Anne Catherine Kim, Hendrik Kooijman, Gerhard Adam, Jin Yamamura
Background Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of peripheral nerves may provide additional information about nerve involvement in muscular disorders, but is considered difficult due to different optimal scan parameters tailored to magnetic resonance (MR) signal properties of muscle and neural tissues. Purpose To assess the feasibility of sciatic nerve DTI using two different approaches of region of interest (ROI)-localization in DTI scans with b-values 500 s/mm2 , in participants with muscular disorders and in controls...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Robert M Kwee, Wouter Am Broos, Boudewijn Brans, Geert Him Walenkamp, Jan Geurts, René E Weijers
Background The diagnosis of infected hip prosthesis is frequently not straightforward yet very important as it changes treatment. Purpose To retrospectively investigate the added value of 18F-FDG PET/CT to conventional tests including radiography, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)/C-reactive protein (CRP) testing, and joint aspiration, in diagnosing infected hip prosthesis. Material and Methods Seventy-eight hip prostheses of 78 patients (55% men; mean age = 66.5 years; age range = 30-85 years) with non-specific clinical presentation, i...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Yun Hye Ju, Geewon Lee, Ji Won Lee, Seung Baek Hong, Young Ju Suh, Yeon Joo Jeong
Background Reducing radiation dose inevitably increases image noise, and thus, it is important in low-dose computed tomography (CT) to maintain image quality and lesion detection performance. Purpose To assess image quality and lesion conspicuity of ultra-low-dose CT with model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) and to determine a suitable protocol for lung screening CT. Material and Methods A total of 120 heavy smokers underwent lung screening CT and were randomly and equally assigned to one of five groups: group 1 = 120 kVp, 25 mAs, with FBP reconstruction; group 2 = 120 kVp, 10 mAs, with MBIR; group 3 = 100 kVp, 15 mAs, with MBIR; group 4 = 100 kVp, 10 mAs, with MBIR; and group 5 = 100 kVp, 5 mAs, with MBIR...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
G Böning, J F Kahn, D Kaul, R Rotzinger, P Freyhardt, M Pavel, F Streitparth
Background Frequent computed tomography (CT) follow-ups involve significant radiation related risks for patients with low-grade neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Contrast agent (CA) application is essential for diagnostic evidence and has additional risks especially in patients with limited renal function. Purpose To investigate if a combination of dose and contrast agent (CA) reduction affects image quality and diagnostic evidence in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) patients. Material and Methods A total of 51 NET patients were enrolled in the study and 153 CT scans were analyzed...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Sung Eun Song, Nariya Cho, Jung Min Chang, A Jung Chu, Ann Yi, Woo Kyung Moon
Background Supplemental breast ultrasonography (US) has been used as a surveillance imaging method in women with personal history of breast cancer (PHBC). However, there have been limited data regarding diagnostic performances. Purpose To evaluate diagnostic performances of supplemental breast US screening for women with PHBC and to compare with those for women without PHBC. Material and Methods Between 2011 and 2012, 12,230 supplemental US exams were performed in 12,230 women with negative mammograms: 6584 women with PHBC and 5646 women without PHBC...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Chang Gao, Min Zong, Wen-Tao Wang, Lei Xu, Da Cao, Yue-Fen Zou
Background Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a common treatment modality for painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Pre- and postoperative identification of risk factors for cement leakage and follow-up complications would therefore be helpful but has not been systematically investigated. Purpose To evaluate pre- and postoperative risk factors for the occurrence of short-term cement leakages and long-term complications after PKP for OVCFs. Material and Methods A total of 283 vertebrae with PKP in 239 patients were investigated...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Yeo-Jin Jeong, Ki Seok Choo, Kyung Jin Nam, Ji Won Lee, Jin You Kim, Hyuk Jae Jung, Soo Jin Lim
Background Computed tomography venography (CTV) at low kVp using model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) can enhance vascular enhancement with noise reduction. Purpose To evaluate image qualities and radiation doses of CTV at 80 kVp using MBIR and a small iodine contrast media (CM) dose and to compare these with those of CTV performed using a conventional protocol. Material and Methods Sixty-five patients (mean age = 58.1 ± 7.2 years) that underwent CTV for the evaluation of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and varicose veins were enrolled in this study...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Hye-Joung Eom, Joo Hee Cha, Ji-Won Kang, Woo Jung Choi, Han Jun Kim, EunChae Go
Background Only few studies have assessed variability in the results obtained by the readers with different experience levels in comparison with automated volumetric breast density measurements. Purpose To examine the variations in breast density assessment according to BI-RADS categories among readers with different experience levels and to compare it with the results of automated quantitative measurements. Material and Methods Density assignment was done for 1000 screening mammograms by six readers with three different experience levels (breast-imaging experts, general radiologists, and students)...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Maria Carlsen Elkjær, Morten Heebøll Andersen, Søren Høyer, Bodil Ginnerup Pedersen, Michael Borre
Background Active surveillance (AS) of low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) is an accepted alternative to active treatment. However, the conventional diagnostic trans-rectal ultrasound guided biopsies (TRUS-bx) underestimate PCa aggressiveness in almost half of the cases, when compared with the surgical specimen. Purpose To investigate if additional multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate and MRI-guided in-bore biopsies (MRGB) at AS inclusion would improve selection of patients for active treatment...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Keita Kuya, Toshihide Ogawa, Yuki Shinohara, Mana Ishibashi, Shinya Fujii, Naoko Mukuda, Yoshio Tanabe
Background Both neuromelanin-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (NmMRI) and 123 I-FP-CIT single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) (DaTSCAN) assist the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there have been few studies investigating a correlation between them. Purpose To correlate the utility of NmMRI and DaTSCAN and to evaluate the relationship between both imaging findings and the Unified PD rating scale part III (UPDRS III) score for the diagnosis and management of PD. Material and Methods Seventeen patients with PD who underwent both NmMRI and DaTSCAN were included...
May 2018: Acta Radiologica
Sigmund Ytre-Hauge, Morteza Esmaeili, Torill E Sjøbakk, Renate Grüner, Kathrine Woie, Henrica M Werner, Camilla Krakstad, Line Bjørge, Øyvind O Salvesen, Ingunn M Stefansson, Jone Trovik, Tone F Bathen, Ingfrid S Haldorsen
Background In vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) enables non-invasive measurements of tumor metabolites. Choline-containing metabolites play a key role in tumor metabolism. Purpose To explore whether preoperative MRS-derived tumor choline levels are associated with clinical and histological features in endometrial carcinomas. Material and Methods Preoperative pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (1.5T), including structural and diffusion-weighted imaging and localized multivoxel proton MR (1H-MR) spectroscopy, was performed in 77 prospectively included patients with histologically confirmed endometrial carcinomas...
April 2018: Acta Radiologica
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