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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779906/the-relationship-between-life-satisfaction-and-healthcare-utilization-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Vivek Goel, Laura C Rosella, Longdi Fu, Amanda Alberga
INTRODUCTION: Studies have highlighted the importance of life satisfaction or, more generally, happiness, on health. However, there are few studies that have prospectively assessed the relationship between life satisfaction and healthcare utilization and costs. METHODS: Participants were from three national survey cycles conducted between 2005 and 2010 to future healthcare utilization up to 2015. Analysis was conducted in 2016-2017. Annual per person costs were calculated and individuals ranked...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778314/trends-in-high-grade-cervical-cancer-precursors-in-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-era
#2
Fredrick Oakley, Mohamed M Desouki, Manideepthi Pemmaraju, Julia M Gargano, Lauri E Markowitz, Martin Steinau, Elizabeth R Unger, Yuwei Zhu, Oluwole Fadare, Marie R Griffin
INTRODUCTION: The 2006 introduction of human papillomavirus vaccine targeted against genotypes 6, 11, 16, and 18 should result in decreased cervical dysplasia in vaccinated women. However, new cervical cancer guidelines to increase screening intervals complicate interpretation of trends. The hypothesis is that cervical dysplasia would decrease only in young vaccine-eligible women, and not older women. METHODS: The authors identified Davidson County, Tennessee, women aged 18-39 years with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or greater and adenocarcinoma in situ, denoted as CIN2+, through pathology reports from laboratories serving this population...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778313/pregnancy-survey-of-smoking-and-alcohol-use-in-south-dakota-american-indian-and-white-mothers
#3
Bonny L Specker, Howard E Wey, Maggie Minett, Tianna M Beare
INTRODUCTION: American Indian populations are believed to have relatively high tobacco use and alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy compared with other populations despite little evidence. METHODS: Population-based survey distributed 2-6 months postpartum to 1,814 South Dakota mothers having a live birth in 2014. Prevalence of self-reported smoking and alcohol use before and during pregnancy were calculated for American Indian and white mothers and AORs were determined controlling for Hispanic status, marital status, age, education, and income...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776786/increases-in-sugary-drink-marketing-during-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefit-issuance-in-new-york
#4
Alyssa J Moran, Aviva Musicus, Mary T Gorski Findling, Ian F Brissette, Ann A Lowenfels, S V Subramanian, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program, providing $67 billion in benefits to 44 million Americans. Some states distribute SNAP benefits over one or a few days each month, which may create an incentive for retailers to heavily promote top-selling products, like sugar-sweetened beverages, when benefits are disbursed. METHODS: A beverage environment scan assessing presence of displays, advertisements, and price promotions for sugar-sweetened, low-calorie, and unsweetened beverages was administered in a census of SNAP-authorized beverage retailers (n=630) in three cities in New York from November to September 2011...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776785/active-school-travel-intervention-methodologies-in-north-america-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Adrian N Buttazzoni, Emily S Van Kesteren, Tayyab I Shah, Jason A Gilliland
CONTEXT: As children's lifestyles have become increasingly sedentary, active school travel can be a relatively accessible way to increase their daily physical activity. In recent years, several different models of interventions have been utilized to promote children participating in active school travel. This review documents and analyzes the different active school travel intervention methodologies that have been used in North America (Canada or U.S.) by collecting, organizing, and evaluating data relating to all phases of active school travel interventions...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776784/100-juice-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-children-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-and-nonparticipants
#6
Kelsey A Vercammen, Alyssa J Moran, Laura Y Zatz, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides monthly food packages to low-income children (aged 1-4 years) in the U.S., including 128 ounces of 100% fruit juice and an $8 cash value voucher for purchasing fruits and vegetables. The fruit juice allowance translates to 71%-107% of the maximum intake recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (4-6 ounces/day). Careful examination of WIC food package allocations is necessary because overconsumption of fruit juice among young children has been linked to weight gain and juice lacks important nutrients found in whole fruit (e...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776783/epidemiology-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-fatalities-and-injuries-2006-2015
#7
Shu-Ling Chong, Li-Wei Chiang, John Carson Allen, Eric William Fleegler, Lois Kaye Lee
INTRODUCTION: Pedestrian road safety remains a public health priority. The objective of this study is to describe trends in fatalities and injuries after pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions in the U.S. and identify associated risk factors for pedestrian fatalities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of U.S. pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions from 2006 to 2015 (performed in 2017). Pedestrian fatality and injury data were obtained from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatality Analysis Reporting System and National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776782/an-intervention-to-increase-students-physical-activity-a-2-year-pilot-study
#8
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
INTRODUCTION: Schools are called upon to provide children with 30 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Most school-based physical activity interventions have not targeted schools that serve children from low-income families. This study evaluated the effects of a pilot, competency-building professional development program on the school day MVPA and total activity (light- to vigorous-intensity activity) of students from schools that serve low-income families. STUDY DESIGN: Single group intervention with multiple follow-up repeated cross-sectional measures...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776781/short-term-lost-productivity-per-victim-intimate-partner-violence-sexual-violence-or-stalking
#9
Cora Peterson, Yang Liu, Marcie-Jo Kresnow, Curtis Florence, Melissa T Merrick, Sarah DeGue, Colby N Lokey
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to estimate victims' lifetime short-term lost productivity because of intimate partner violence, sexual violence, or stalking. METHODS: U.S. nationally representative data from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey were used to estimate a regression-adjusted average per victim (female and male) and total population number of cumulative short-term lost work and school days (or lost productivity) because of victimizations over victims' lifetimes...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776780/racial-disparities-in-cardiovascular-health-behaviors-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-study
#10
Kara M Whitaker, David R Jacobs, Kiarri N Kershaw, Ryan T Demmer, John N Booth, April P Carson, Cora E Lewis, David C Goff, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Catarina I Kiefe
INTRODUCTION: There are known racial differences in cardiovascular health behaviors, including smoking, physical activity, and diet quality. A better understanding of these differences may help identify intervention targets for reducing cardiovascular disease disparities. This study examined whether socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood environmental factors, in isolation or together, mediate racial differences in health behaviors. METHODS: Participants were 3,081 men and women from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study who were enrolled in 1985-1986 (Year 0) and completed a follow-up examination in 2015-2016 (Year 30)...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776779/tobacco-21-policy-support-by-u-s-individuals-aged-13-25-years-evidence-from-a-rolling-cross-sectional-study-2014-2017
#11
Allyson C Volinsky, Elissa C Kranzler, Laura A Gibson, Robert C Hornik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776778/three-years-post-affordable-care-act-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-remain-critical-among-vulnerable-populations
#12
Nicky J Mehtani, Christina M Schumacher, Luke E Johnsen, Adena Greenbaum, C Patrick Chaulk, Khalil G Ghanem, Jacky M Jennings, Kathleen R Page
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to examine whether demand for publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics changed after Affordable Care Act implementation. METHODS: The percentages of total incident sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City that occurred at publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics were compared between the 3 years prior to and following the 2014 Medicaid and private insurance expansions. Risk factors associated with diagnosis at sexually transmitted disease clinics were identified using log binomial regression...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776777/lessons-from-suicide-prevention-campaigns-considerations-for-opioid-messaging
#13
Elizabeth Karras, Sara C Warfield, Cara M Stokes, Robert M Bossarte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773491/association-between-number-of-preventive-care-guidelines-and-preventive-care-utilization-by-patients
#14
Glen B Taksler, Elizabeth R Pfoh, Kurt C Stange, Michael B Rothberg
INTRODUCTION: The number of preventive care guidelines is rapidly increasing. It is unknown whether the number of guideline-recommended preventive services is associated with utilization. METHODS: The authors used Poisson regression of 390,778 person-years of electronic medical records data from 2008 to 2015, in 80,773 individuals aged 50-75 years. Analyses considered eligibility for 11 preventive services most closely associated with guidelines: tobacco cessation; control of obesity, hypertension, lipids, or blood glucose; influenza vaccination; and screening for breast, cervical, or colorectal cancers, abdominal aortic aneurysm, or osteoporosis...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773490/addressing-parents-vaccine-concerns-a-randomized-trial-of-a-social-media-intervention
#15
Matthew F Daley, Komal J Narwaney, Jo Ann Shoup, Nicole M Wagner, Jason M Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Successful strategies are needed to address parental vaccine hesitancy, a significant public health issue. The study objective was to assess whether an Internet-based platform with vaccine information and interactive social media components improved parents' vaccine-related attitudes. STUDY DESIGN: A three-arm RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted in a large Colorado integrated healthcare organization. Parents were enrolled during September 2013 through October 2015 and followed through November 2016; data were analyzed in 2017...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773489/county-level-trends-in-suicide-rates-in-the-u-s-2005-2015
#16
Lauren M Rossen, Holly Hedegaard, Diba Khan, Margaret Warner
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the geographic patterns of suicide can help inform targeted prevention efforts. Although state-level variation in age-adjusted suicide rates has been well documented, trends at the county-level have been largely unexplored. This study uses small area estimation to produce stable county-level estimates of suicide rates to examine geographic, temporal, and urban-rural patterns in suicide from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: Using National Vital Statistics Underlying Cause of Death Files (2005-2015), hierarchical Bayesian models were used to estimate suicide rates for 3,140 counties...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674184/socioeconomic-disparities-in-smoking-among-u-s-adults-with-depression-2005-2014
#17
Andrea H Weinberger, Frank C Bandiera, Adam M Leventhal, Lisa C Dierker, Misato Gbedemah, Jennifer W Tidey, Renee D Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to estimate changes in the cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults with and without depression from 2005 to 2014 by income and education level and overall. METHODS: This study examined data from adult respondents (aged ≥18 years) in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual cross-sectional study of U.S. individuals. Data from the years 2005 to 2014 were analyzed for a total analytic sample of n=378,733...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656919/trends-and-gaps-in-awareness-of-direct-to-consumer-genetic-tests-from-2007-to-2014
#18
Nate C Apathy, Terri Menser, Lindsay M Keeran, Eric W Ford, Christopher A Harle, Timothy R Huerta
INTRODUCTION: Direct-to-consumer genetic tests for inherited disease risks have gained recent approvals from the Food and Drug Administration, and interest in these tests has continued to grow. Broad use of these tests coupled with planning and discussion with health providers regarding genetic risks and potential protective behavior changes have been proposed as preventive tools to reduce health disparities and improve equity in health outcomes. However, awareness of direct-to-consumer genetic testing has historically demonstrated differences by education, income, and race; these disparities could jeopardize potential benefits by limiting access and use...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656918/proximity-to-liquor-stores-and-adolescent-alcohol-intake-a-prospective-study
#19
Georgina S A Trapp, Matthew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster
INTRODUCTION: Cross-sectional studies have reported associations between liquor store availability and alcohol use among adolescents, but few prospective studies have confirmed this association. The aim of this study was to examine whether proximity to liquor stores at age 14 years was associated with alcohol intake at ages 14, 17, and 20 years. METHODS: Participants of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study (n=999) self-reported alcohol intake at age 14 years (early adolescence, 2003-2005); age 17 years (middle adolescence, 2006-2008); and age 20 years (late adolescence, 2009-2011)...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656915/substance-use-and-suicide-in-pacific-islander-american-indian-and-multiracial-youth
#20
Andrew M Subica, Li-Tzy Wu
INTRODUCTION: National estimates of U.S. Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHPI), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN), and multiracial adolescent substance use and suicidality are scarce because of their small population sizes. The aim was to estimate the national prevalence of, and disparities in, substance use and suicidality among these understudied adolescents. METHODS: Analyses conducted in 2017 of U.S. adolescents (grades ninth to 12th) from the 1991-2015 Combined National Youth Behavioral Risk Surveys estimated (1) prevalence of lifetime and current (past 30-day) substance use, past 12-month depressed mood, and suicidality by racial group; and (2) AORs for depressed mood and suicidality regressed on current alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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