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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431811/potential-consequences-of-not-using-live-attenuated-in-%C3%A2-if-there-are-any-drug-dosages-in-your-article-please-verify-them-and-indicate-that-you-have-done-so-by-initialing-this-query-%C3%A2-please-review-and-confirm-the-accuracy-and-completeness-of-any-affiliations
#1
Kenneth J Smith, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Angela Wateska, Shawn T Brown, Jay V DePasse, Jonathan M Raviotta, Eunha Shim, Richard K Zimmerman
INTRODUCTION: Decreased live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) effectiveness in the U.S. prompted the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in August 2016 to recommend against this vaccine's use. However, overall influenza uptake increases when LAIV is available and, unlike the U.S., LAIV has retained its effectiveness in other countries. These opposing countercurrents create a dilemma. METHODS: To examine the potential consequences of the decision to not recommend LAIV, which may result in decreased influenza vaccination coverage in the U...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427955/preventing-alcohol-and-tobacco-exposed-pregnancies-choices-plus-in-primary-care
#2
Mary M Velasquez, Kirk L von Sternberg, R Louise Floyd, Danielle Parrish, Alicia Kowalchuk, Nanette S Stephens, Britta Ostermeyer, Charles Green, J Paul Seale, Patricia Dolan Mullen
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and tobacco use are common among U.S. women, yet if used during pregnancy these substances present significant preventable risks to prenatal and perinatal health. Because use of alcohol and tobacco often continue into the first trimester and beyond, especially among women with unintended pregnancies, effective evidence-based approaches are needed to decrease these risk behaviors. This study was designed to test the efficacy of CHOICES Plus, a preconception intervention for reducing the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies (AEPs and TEPs)...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427954/colorectal-cancer-screening-initiation-after-age-50-years-in-an-organized-program
#3
Stacey A Fedewa, Douglas A Corley, Christopher D Jensen, Wei Zhao, Michael Goodman, Ahmedin Jemal, Kevin C Ward, Theodore R Levin, Chyke A Doubeni
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies report racial disparities among individuals in organized colorectal cancer (CRC) programs; however, there is a paucity of information on CRC screening utilization by race/ethnicity among newly age-eligible adults in such programs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study among Kaiser Permanente Northern California enrollees who turned age 50 years between 2007 and 2012 (N=138,799) and were served by a systemwide outreach and facilitated in-reach screening program based primarily on mailed fecal immunochemical tests to screening-eligible people...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427953/booster-seat-effectiveness-among-older-children-evidence-from-washington-state
#4
D Mark Anderson, Lindsay L Carlson, Daniel I Rees
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that children as old as 12 years use a booster seat when riding in motor vehicles, yet little is known about booster seat effectiveness when used by older children. This study estimated the association between booster use and injuries among children aged 8-12 years who were involved in motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: Researchers analyzed data on all motor vehicle crashes involving children aged 8-12 years reported to the Washington State Department of Transportation from 2002 to 2015...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427952/anti-bullying-policies-and-disparities-in-bullying-a-state-level-analysis
#5
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Javier E Flores, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Marizen R Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: Recent research suggests that anti-bullying laws may be effective in reducing risk of bullying victimization among youth, but no research has determined whether these laws are also effective in reducing disparities in bullying. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-bullying legislation in reducing disparities in sex- and weight-based bullying and cyberbullying victimization. METHODS: Data on anti-bullying legislation were obtained from the U...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413143/arab-american-health-in-a-racially-charged-u-s
#6
Nadia N Abuelezam, Abdulrahman M El-Sayed, Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410862/state-level-awareness-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-u-s
#7
Sai H Dharmarajan, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Hal Morgenstern, Brenda W Gillespie, Yi Li, Neil R Powe, Delphine S Tuot, Tanushree Banerjee, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Deborah B Rolka, Sharon H Saydah, Rajiv Saran
INTRODUCTION: This study examined state-level variation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) awareness using national estimates of disease awareness among adults in the U.S. with CKD. METHODS: Data on U.S. adults were obtained from two national, population-based surveys: (1) the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS 2011; n=506,467), a state-level phone survey containing information on self-reported kidney disease; and (2) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2005-2012; n=20,831), containing physical health examination, surveys containing data on self-reported kidney disease, risk factors, and laboratory values...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410860/comprehensive-screening-for-suicide-risk-in-primary-care
#8
Guy S Diamond, Joanna L Herres, E Stephanie Krauthamer Ewing, Tita O Atte, Syreeta W Scott, Matt B Wintersteen, Robert J Gallop
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health problem and a complex clinical challenge. Assessment and early identification could be enhanced with screening tools that look beyond depression. The purpose of this study was to identify profiles of risk behaviors and social stress associated with suicidal ideation and behavior using the Behavioral Health Screen. METHODS: The study used screening data from 2,513 primary care patients (aged 14-24 years). Data were collected between 2008 and 2012, and were analyzed in 2016...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410861/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-health-by-occupation-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-u-s-workers-aged-%C3%A2-45-years
#9
Leslie A MacDonald, Stephen Bertke, Misty J Hein, Suzanne Judd, Sherry Baron, Robert Merritt, Virginia J Howard
INTRODUCTION: Identification of groups with poor cardiovascular health (CVH) can inform where and how to target public health efforts. National prevalence estimates of CVH were derived for clinical (blood glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure) and behavioral (BMI, diet quality, physical activity, smoking) factors among U.S. workers aged ≥45 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 6,282 employed black and white men and women aged ≥45 years enrolled in the national population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study from 2003 to 2007...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372920/initiation-of-electronic-cigarette-use-by-age-among-youth-in-the-u-s
#10
Xinguang Chen, Bin Yu, Yan Wang
INTRODUCTION: The rapid increase in electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) smoking among U.S. youth requires data regarding the age pattern of initiation risk for effective tobacco use prevention. METHODS: Data from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey (N=20,680, aged 11-19 years, 50.6% male) were analyzed using survival analysis in 2016 to quantify the likelihood of e-cigarette use initiation by age, overall and by gender and racial/ethnic groups. RESULTS: The estimated mean age of e-cigarette initiation was 17...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365090/smoking-cessation-assistance-before-and-after-stage-1-meaningful-use-implementation
#11
Steffani R Bailey, John D Heintzman, Miguel Marino, R Lorie Jacob, Jon E Puro, Jennifer E DeVoe, Tim E Burdick, Brian L Hazlehurst, Deborah J Cohen, Stephen P Fortmann
INTRODUCTION: Brief smoking-cessation interventions in primary care settings are effective, but delivery of these services remains low. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Meaningful Use (MU) of Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Program could increase rates of smoking assessment and cessation assistance among vulnerable populations. This study examined whether smoking status assessment, cessation assistance, and odds of being a current smoker changed after Stage 1 MU implementation...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365089/dietary-and-physical-activity-counseling-trends-in-u-s-children-2002-2011
#12
Adebowale Odulana, William T Basco, Kinfe G Bishu, Leonard E Egede
INTRODUCTION: In 2007 and 2010, Expert Committee and U.S. Preventive Services Task Force guidelines were released, respectively, urging U.S. practitioners to deliver preventive obesity counseling for children. This study determined the frequency and evaluated predictors of receiving counseling for diet and physical activity among a national sample of children from 2002 to 2011. METHODS: Children aged 6-17 years were used from the 2002-2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys and analyzed in 2016...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365088/heavy-drinking-in-young-adulthood-increases-risk-of-transitioning-to-obesity
#13
Tera L Fazzino, Kimberly Fleming, Kenneth J Sher, Debra K Sullivan, Christie Befort
INTRODUCTION: Heavy episodic alcohol use during young adulthood may contribute to excess weight gain and transition from healthy weight to overweight/obesity. This study is the first to evaluate the association between heavy episodic drinking during early adulthood and transition to overweight/obese status 5 years later using data from the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. METHODS: The study used data from Waves III and IV, when participants were aged 18-26 and 24-32 years, respectively...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363410/factors-related-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prescription-by-u-s-primary-care-physicians
#14
Jennifer L Walsh, Andrew E Petroll
INTRODUCTION: Although pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) greatly reduces risk of HIV infection in HIV-negative individuals, use is not widespread enough to impact HIV incidence. Involvement of primary care physicians (PCPs) in PrEP prescription is essential, but previous research has shown low rates of prescription among PCPs. To identify targets for interventions, the information-motivation-behavioral skills model for PrEP discussion and prescription was tested in a ten-city sample of PCPs...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363409/an-ounce-of-prevention-deaths-averted-from-primary-prevention-interventions
#15
Sabrina C Hermosilla, Stephanie A Kujawski, Catherine A Richards, Peter A Muennig, Sandro Galea, Abdulrahman M El-Sayed
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. lags in the nationwide implementation of primary prevention interventions that have been shown to be efficacious. However, the potential population health benefit of widespread implementation of these primary prevention interventions remains unclear. METHODS: The meta-analytic literature from October 2013 to March 2014 of primary prevention interventions published between January 2000 and March 2014 was reviewed. The authors then estimated the number of deaths that could have been averted in the U...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347589/the-national-violent-death-reporting-system-use-of-the-restricted-access-database-and-recommendations-for-the-system-s-improvement
#16
Mark S Kaplan, Raul Caetano, Norman Giesbrecht, Nathalie Huguet, William C Kerr, Bentson H McFarland, Kurt B Nolte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341221/a-systematic-review-of-obesity-disparities-research
#17
REVIEW
Charlotte A Pratt, Catherine M Loria, Sonia S Arteaga, Holly L Nicastro, Maria Lopez-Class, Janet M de Jesus, Pothur Srinivas, Christine Maric-Bilkan, Lisa Schwartz Longacre, Josephine E A Boyington, Abera Wouhib, Nara Gavini
CONTEXT: A review of interventions addressing obesity disparities could reveal gaps in the literature and provide guidance on future research, particularly for populations with a high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related cardiometabolic risk. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of clinical trials in obesity disparities research that were published in 2011-2016 in PubMed/MEDLINE resulted in 328 peer-reviewed articles. Articles were excluded if they had no BMI, weight, or body composition measure as primary outcome or were foreign (n=201); were epidemiologic or secondary data analyses of clinical trials (n=12); design or protocol papers (n=54); systematic reviews (n=3); or retracted or duplicates (n=9)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341220/national-academy-of-medicine-social-and-behavioral-measures-associations-with-self-reported-health
#18
Aric A Prather, Laura M Gottlieb, Nunzia B Giuse, Taneya Y Koonce, Sheila V Kusnoor, William W Stead, Nancy E Adler
INTRODUCTION: Social and behavioral factors play important roles in physical and mental health; however, they are not routinely assessed in the healthcare system. A brief panel of measures of social and behavioral determinants of health (SBDs) were recommended in a National Academy of Medicine report for use in electronic health records. Initial testing of the panel established feasibility of use and robustness of the measures. This study evaluates their convergent and divergent validity in relation to self-reported physical and mental health and social desirability bias...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336356/primary-enforcement-of-mandatory-seat-belt-laws-and-motor-vehicle-crash-deaths
#19
Sam Harper, Erin C Strumpf
INTRODUCTION: Policies that allow directly citing motorists for seat belt non-use (primary enforcement) have been shown to reduce motor vehicle crash deaths relative to secondary enforcement, but the evidence base is dated and does not account for recent improvements in vehicle designs and road safety. The purpose of this study was to test whether recent upgrades to primary enforcement still reduce motor vehicle crash deaths. METHODS: In 2016, researchers used motor vehicle crash death data from the Fatal Analysis Reporting System for 2000-2014 and calculated rates using both person- and exposure-based denominators...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336355/estimated-hiv-inter-test-interval-among-people-at-high-risk-for-hiv-infection-in-the-u-s
#20
Qian An, Ruiguang Song, Teresa J Finlayson, Cyprian Wejnert, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Knowing the HIV testing frequency and its temporal changes are central to evaluate public adherence to HIV testing recommendations and performance of HIV prevention programs. This study intended to estimate the mean HIV inter-test interval (ITI) and monitor its trends among men who have sex with men (MSM); people who inject drugs (PWID); and high-risk heterosexuals (HRH). METHODS: Using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance data collected during 2008-2015, this analysis estimated the mean HIV ITI for each year by race/ethnicity and age among MSM, PWID, and HRH who reported the most recent HIV test date...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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