journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American Journal of Preventive Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931794/hookah-use-among-florida-high-school-students-2011-2014
#1
Tracey E Barnett, Scott L Tomar, Felix E Lorenzo, Jamie R Forrest, Lauren Porter, Matthew J Gurka
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent use of hookah continues to increase in the U.S., even in states that have reported decreases in traditional cigarette use among youth. Hookah use typically involves smoking a moistened, loose, sweetened tobacco product with charcoal as the heat source. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016 to determine trends in the prevalence of lifetime hookah use (at least once in the adolescent's lifetime) and current hookah use (used in the past 30 days) among high school students (grades 9-12)...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919454/the-longitudinal-impact-of-nfl-play-60-programming-on-youth-aerobic-capacity-and-bmi
#2
Yang Bai, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Daniel W Russell, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Norma Candelaria
INTRODUCTION: The NFL PLAY 60 campaign has actively promoted physical activity and healthy eating in youth through programs such as the PLAY 60 Challenge and Fuel Up to PLAY 60. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of NFL PLAY 60 programming on longitudinal trajectories of youth aerobic capacity and BMI. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from the NFL PLAY 60 FitnessGram Partnership Project, a large participatory research project designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating among Kindergarten through 12th grade children and adolescents...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890518/a-comparison-of-parent-and-provider-reported-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-of-adolescents
#4
Eric Adjei Boakye, Betelihem B Tobo, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Kahee A Mohammed, Christian J Geneus, Mario Schootman
INTRODUCTION: There is considerable effort at the state and national levels to monitor human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake and understand the factors that influence who gets vaccinated. Accurate measurement of vaccination coverage is critical for monitoring HPV vaccination. This study aimed to determine comparability between parent- and provider-reported HPV vaccination status for a sample of adolescents in the U.S. METHODS: Data from the 2014 National Immunization Survey-Teen were analyzed in 2016 for 20,827 adolescents...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890517/correlates-of-receiving-a-recommendation-for-more-physical-activity-from-a-primary-care-provider
#5
Samuel N Forjuoh, Chanam Lee, Jaewoong Won, Samuel D Towne, Suojin Wang, Marcia G Ory
INTRODUCTION: Primary care providers (PCPs) are strategically positioned to communicate with their overweight/obese patients about positive behavioral changes to improve health and functioning. Demographic and behavioral correlates of receiving a recommendation for more physical activity (PA) from a PCP by overweight/obese patients were assessed. METHODS: Community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years from four Texas cities who were seen by a family physician in a primary care clinic were surveyed from October 2013 to June 2014...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890516/trends-in-e-cigarette-awareness-and-perceived-harmfulness-in-the-u-s
#6
Timothy R Huerta, Daniel M Walker, Deborah Mullen, Tyler J Johnson, Eric W Ford
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are gaining in popularity as an alternative to regular cigarettes, as they are viewed as potentially less harmful. However, it remains unclear how awareness about e-cigarettes is permeating through the general U.S. POPULATION: This study seeks to extend previous research and examine trends in e-cigarette awareness and perceived harmfulness, and their association with smoking-cessation efforts. METHODS: Data from three cycles (2012, 2013, and 2014) of the Health Information National Trends Survey were combined into a single data set...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890515/patterns-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-u-s-young-adults-2013-2014
#7
Ramzi G Salloum, James F Thrasher, Kayla R Getz, Tracey E Barnett, Taghrid Asfar, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Patterns of waterpipe smoking and associated other tobacco use were assessed among U.S. young adults (aged 18-24 years). METHODS: A descriptive analysis of baseline data (2013-2014) from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study was conducted in 2016. RESULTS: The study included 9,119 young adults-44% ever and 11% past-30 day waterpipe smokers (12% of men and 9% of women were past-30 day smokers). Among past-30 day smokers, waterpipe smoking frequency was distributed as follows: 4% daily, 23% weekly, 36% monthly, and 37% less than monthly...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914770/cigarette-smoking-and-mortality-in-adults-aged-70-years-and-older-results-from-the-nih-aarp-cohort
#8
Sarah H Nash, Linda M Liao, Tamara B Harris, Neal D Freedman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use remains a leading modifiable cause of cancer incidence and premature mortality in the U.S. and globally. Despite increasing life expectancy worldwide, less is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on older populations. This study sought to determine the effects of smoking on mortality in older age. METHODS: Associations of mortality with self-reported age at smoking cessation, age at smoking initiation, and amount smoked after age 70 years were examined in 160,113 participants of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study aged >70 years...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884498/early-sexual-debut-and-associated-risk-behaviors-among-sexual-minority-youth
#9
Richard Lowry, Richard Dunville, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
INTRODUCTION: Early sexual debut, sexual risk taking, substance use, violent victimization, and suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among sexual minority than sexual nonminority youth. Although associations between early sexual debut and these risk behaviors exist, little is known about such associations among sexual minority youth. This study examined these associations among sexual minority U.S. high school students and their sexual nonminority peers. METHODS: In 2015, the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey included questions assessing sexual orientation for the first time...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866825/comparative-effectiveness-of-wellness-programs-impact-of-incentives-on-healthcare-costs-for-obese-enrollees
#10
Kara Zivin, Ananda Sen, Melissa A Plegue, Matthew L Maciejewski, Michelle L Segar, Mona AuYoung, Erin M Miller, Carol A Janney, Donna M Zulman, Caroline R Richardson
INTRODUCTION: Employee wellness programs show mixed effectiveness results. This study examined the impact of an insurer's lifestyle modification program on healthcare costs of obese individuals. METHODS: This nonrandomized comparative effectiveness study evaluated changes in healthcare costs for participants in two incentivized programs, an Internet-mediated pedometer-based walking program (WalkingSpree, n=7,594) and an in-person weight-loss program (Weight Watchers, n=5,764)...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887769/activity-and-sedentary-time-10-years-after-a-successful-lifestyle-intervention-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#11
Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Kristi L Storti, Dana Dabelea, Sharon Edelstein, Hermes Florez, Paul W Franks, Maria G Montez, Jeremy Pomeroy, Andrea M Kriska
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine if evidence exists for a lasting effect of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention on activity levels by comparing objectively collected activity data between the DPP Outcome Study (DPPOS) cohort and adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; 2003-2006). METHODS: Average minutes/day of light and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior from ActiGraph accelerometers (collected 2010-2012) were examined (2013-2014) for comparable DPPOS and NHANES subgroups by age, sex, and diabetes status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865653/evaluation-of-school-based-dental-sealant-programs-an-updated-community-guide-systematic-economic-review
#12
REVIEW
Susan O Griffin, Shillpa Naavaal, Christina Scherrer, Mona Patel, Sajal Chattopadhyay
CONTEXT: A recently updated Community Guide systematic review of the effectiveness of school sealant programs (SSPs) still found strong evidence that SSPs reduced dental caries among schoolchildren. This follow-up systematic review updates SSP cost and benefit information from the original 2002 review. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Using Community Guide economic review methods, the authors searched the literature from January 2000 to November 20, 2014. The final body of evidence included 14 studies-ten from the current search and four with cost information from the 2002 review...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865652/development-and-evaluation-of-a-short-adverse-childhood-experiences-measure
#13
Roy Wade, Brandon D Becker, Katherine B Bevans, Derek C Ford, Christopher B Forrest
INTRODUCTION: Clinicians require tools to rapidly identify individuals with significant childhood adversity as part of routine primary care. The goal of this study was to shorten the 11-item Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) measure and evaluate the feasibility and validity of this shortened measure as a screener to identify adults who have experienced significant childhood adversity. METHODS: Statistical analysis was conducted in 2015...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865651/beyond-supermarkets-food-outlet-location-selection-in-four-u-s-cities-over-time
#14
Pasquale E Rummo, David K Guilkey, Shu Wen Ng, Barry M Popkin, Kelly R Evenson, Penny Gordon-Larsen
INTRODUCTION: Understanding what influences where food outlets locate is important for mitigating disparities in access to healthy food outlets. However, few studies have examined how neighborhood characteristics influence the neighborhood food environment over time, and whether these relationships differ by neighborhood-level income. METHODS: Neighborhood-level data from four U.S. cities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA) from 1986, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 were used with two-step econometric models to estimate longitudinal associations between neighborhood-level characteristics (z-scores) and the log-transformed count/km(2) (density) of food outlets within real estate-derived neighborhoods...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856116/interactive-effects-of-aerobic-fitness-strength-and-obesity-on-mortality-in-men
#15
Casey Crump, Jan Sundquist, Marilyn A Winkleby, Kristina Sundquist
INTRODUCTION: Low aerobic fitness, low muscular strength, and obesity have been associated with premature mortality, but their interactive effects are unknown. This study examined interactions among these common, modifiable factors, to help inform more-effective preventive interventions. METHODS: This national cohort study included all 1,547,478 military conscripts in Sweden during 1969-1997 (97%-98% of all men aged 18 years each year). Aerobic fitness, muscular strength, and BMI measurements were examined in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality through 2012 (maximum age, 62 years)...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856115/exercise-capacity-heart-failure-risk-and-mortality-in-older-adults-the-health-abc-study
#16
Vasiliki V Georgiopoulou, Andreas P Kalogeropoulos, Ritam Chowdhury, José Nilo G Binongo, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Nicolas Rodondi, Eleanor M Simonsick, Tamara Harris, Anne B Newman, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Javed Butler
INTRODUCTION: Data on the association between exercise capacity and risk for heart failure (HF) in older adults are limited. METHODS: This study examined the association of exercise capacity, and its change over time, with 10-year mortality and incident HF in 2,935 participants of the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study without HF at baseline (age, 73.6 [SD=2.9] years; 52.1% women; 41.4% black; 58.6% white). This cohort was initiated in 1997-1998 and exercise capacity was evaluated with a long-distance corridor walk test (LDCW) at baseline and Year 4...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856114/economic-recession-alcohol-and-suicide-rates-comparative-effects-of-poverty-foreclosure-and-job-loss
#17
William C Kerr, Mark S Kaplan, Nathalie Huguet, Raul Caetano, Norman Giesbrecht, Bentson H McFarland
INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates and the proportion of alcohol-involved suicides rose during the 2008-2009 recession. Associations between county-level poverty, foreclosures, and unemployment and suicide rates and proportion of alcohol-involved suicides were investigated. METHODS: In 2015, National Violent Death Reporting System data from 16 states in 2005-2011 were utilized to calculate suicide rates and a measure of alcohol involvement in suicides at the county level...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838116/physical-activity-mode-and-mental-distress-in-adulthood
#18
Christopher N Sciamanna, Joshua M Smyth, Shawna E Doerksen, Barrett R Richard, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Andrew J Mowen, Benjamin D Hickerson, Liza S Rovniak, Erik B Lehman, Chengwu Yang
INTRODUCTION: Nearly one fifth of American adults suffer from mental health issues, yet many treatments have side effects and stigma attached. Physical activity can be an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but most promotion efforts fail. One understudied aspect of physical activity is the specific mode, including if it engages others, and how this may relate to mental health. This study examined the potential relationship between different modes of physical activity and the frequency of mental distress...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816382/factors-perceived-as-influencing-local-health-department-involvement-in-mental-health
#19
Jonathan Purtle, Rachel Peters, Jennifer Kolker, Ann C Klassen
INTRODUCTION: Local health departments (LHDs) are potentially well positioned to implement population-based approaches to mental health promotion, but research indicates that most LHDs are not substantively engaged in activities to address mental health. Little is known about factors that influence if and how LHDs address population mental health. The objectives of this qualitative study were to (1) understand how LHD officials perceive population mental health; (2) identify factors that influence these perceptions and LHD activities to address population mental health; and (3) develop an empirically derived conceptual framework of LHD engagement in population mental health...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816381/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-mortality-risk-among-american-adults
#20
Emily Borgundvaag, Ian Janssen
INTRODUCTION: One major limitation of prior studies examining the influence of physical activity on mortality is use of self-reported measures. This study examined the association between objectively measured light physical activity (LPA) and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and all-cause mortality. METHODS: This study included 5,562 adults from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. LPA and MVPA were measured over 4-7 days using Actigraph AM-7164 accelerometers...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
journal
journal
29522
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"