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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

Avanti Adhia, S Bryn Austin, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, David Hemenway
INTRODUCTION: Child victims physically harmed in intimate partner violence incidents are understudied. The U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System abstractors can identify intimate partner violence-related child homicides in part through descriptive narratives from coroner/medical examiner and law enforcement reports. This study characterizes these homicides and assesses how well the coded and narrative data within the National Violent Death Reporting System align in identifying intimate partner violence-related child homicides...
November 5, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Soham Gupta, Alexander P Cole, Maya Marchese, Ye Wang, Jacqueline M Speed, Sean A Fletcher, Junaid Nabi, Sebastian Berg, Stuart R Lipsitz, Toni K Choueiri, Steven L Chang, Adam S Kibel, Annemarie Uhlig, Quoc-Dien Trinh
INTRODUCTION: With improvements in early detection and treatment, a growing proportion of the population now lives with a personal history of a cancer. Although many cancer survivors are in excellent health, the underlying risk factors and side effects of cancer treatment increase the risk of medical complications and secondary malignancies. METHODS: The 2013 National Health Interview Survey was utilized to assess the association between personal history of cancer and receipt of U...
October 20, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Nikhil Holla, Erin Brantley, Leighton Ku
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is highly prevalent among low-income Medicaid beneficiaries and tobacco-cessation benefits are generally available. Nonetheless, use of cessation medications or counseling remains low, and many clinicians are hesitant to urge smokers to quit. This study examines the extent to which physicians provide advice to Medicaid patients about quitting. METHODS: Data from the 2014-2015 Nationwide Adult Medicaid Consumer Assessment of Health Plans survey were merged with state Medicaid policy variables and analyzed in 2017-2018...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Amy Bleakley, DeAnn Lazovich, Amy B Jordan, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Skin cancer prevention guidelines recommend practicing multiple behaviors to protect against harmful ultraviolet rays, yet few adults report practicing more than one recommended behavior. This study examines the extent to which skin cancer prevention behaviors are combined and may follow a pattern of compensation in which an individual's performance of one behavior (e.g., wearing sunscreen) precludes performing other protective behaviors (e.g., wearing a hat). METHODS: Data from qualitative semi-structured interviews (n=80) in 2015 and a quantitative online national survey (n=940) in 2016 with non-Hispanic white adults aged 18-49 years from the U...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Amy L Gower, G Nic Rider, Camille Brown, Barbara J McMorris, Eli Coleman, Lindsay A Taliaferro, Marla E Eisenberg
INTRODUCTION: Important mental and physical health disparities exist for transgender and gender diverse youth compared with cisgender youth (i.e., those whose birth-assigned sex and gender identity align), yet little is known about factors that protect transgender and gender diverse youth from health problems. The objective of this paper is to identify modifiable protective factors in the lives of transgender and gender diverse adolescents, with the goal of informing efforts to eliminate disparities in depression, suicidality, and substance use in this population...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Patrick M Carter, Aaron D Dora-Laskey, Jason E Goldstick, Justin E Heinze, Maureen A Walton, Marc A Zimmerman, Jessica S Roche, Rebecca M Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Violence is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for youth, with more than 600,000 emergency department visits annually for assault-related injuries. Risk for criminal justice involvement among this population is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to characterize arrests among high-risk, assault-injured, drug-using youth following emergency department treatment. METHODS: Youth (aged 18-24 years) with past 6-month drug use who were seeking emergency department treatment for either an assault or for non-violence reasons were enrolled (December 2009-September 2011) in a 2-year longitudinal study...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jennifer Richmond, Olive M Mbah, Sofia Z Dard, Lauren C Jordan, Katherine S Cools, Cleo A Samuel, Jalaal M Khan, Matthew A Manning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Roch A Nianogo, Onyebuchi A Arah
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about what interventions worked or did not work in slowing the obesity epidemic. The long-term comparative effectiveness of environmental and behavioral public health interventions for obesity and type 2 diabetes prevention over an individual's life course is relatively unexplored. The potential impact and long-term collective effectiveness of environmental and behavioral interventions on obesity and type 2 diabetes throughout the life course was evaluated...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Amanda F Meyer, Nicole L Borkovskiy, Jennifer L Brickley, Rajeev Chaudhry, Andrew Franqueira, Joseph W Furst, Donna M Hinsch, Margaret R McDonah, Jane F Myers, Randi E Petersen, Lila J Finney Rutten, Patrick M Wilson, Robert M Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates nationally are low. This study determined if an electronic point-of-care prompt in the retail clinic setting increases HPV vaccination rates among an eligible population. STUDY DESIGN: An interrupted time series assessed change in weekly HPV vaccination rates with the introduction of an electronic point-of-care prompt and rate change in post-intervention period. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The study sites were two similar retail care clinics in Rochester, Minnesota...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Susan A Carlson, Geoffrey P Whitfield, Erin L Peterson, Emily N Ussery, Kathleen B Watson, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
INTRODUCTION: Walking can serve many purposes, such as transportation (to get some place) or leisure (for fun, relaxation, or exercise); therefore, it provides many opportunities for people to be physically active. This study examines geographic and urban-rural differences in walking in the U.S. METHODS: Adult respondents (aged ≥18 years) to the 2015 National Health Interview Survey reported participation in and time spent (minutes per week) walking for transportation and leisure in the past week...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jeremy W Luk, Jacob M Miller, Stephen E Gilman, Leah M Lipsky, Denise L Haynie, Bruce G Simons-Morton
INTRODUCTION: This study examined sexual orientation differences in eating behaviors, physical activity, and weight status among adolescents in the U.S. Moreover, this study tested whether parental and peer influences contribute to sexual orientation disparities in adolescent eating behaviors, physical activity, BMI, and examined disparities in weight misperception. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were from 1,926 adolescents who participated in the NEXT Generation Health Study in 2010-2011...
October 18, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kathleen C Basile, Sharon G Smith, Yang Liu, Marcie-Jo Kresnow, Amy M Fasula, Leah Gilbert, Jieru Chen
INTRODUCTION: Rape-related pregnancy is a public health problem where sexual violence and reproductive health intersect; yet, there is a dearth of research to inform public health practice. The authors examined the prevalence and characteristics of rape-related pregnancy in U.S. women and its association with intimate partner reproductive coercion. METHODS: Data years 2010-2012 are pooled from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, a telephone survey of U...
October 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Gary G Bennett, Dori Steinberg, Sandy Askew, Erica Levine, Perry Foley, Bryan C Batch, Laura P Svetkey, Hayden B Bosworth, Elaine M Puleo, Ashley Brewer, Abigail DeVries, Heather Miranda
INTRODUCTION: Obesity treatment is less successful for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, particularly when delivered in primary care. Digital health strategies can extend the reach of clinical obesity treatments to care settings serving patients at highest risk. METHODS: Track was an effectiveness RCT of a 12-month digital weight-loss intervention, embedded within a community health center system. Participants were 351 adult patients (aged 21-65 years) with obesity and hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia...
October 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ilya Ivlev, Silvie Jerabkova, Meenakshi Mishra, Lily A Cook, Karen B Eden
CONTEXT: Although screening recommendations for prostate cancer using prostate-specific antigen testing often include shared decision making, the effect of patient decision aids on patients' intention and uptake is unclear. This study aimed to review the effect of decision aids on men's screening intention, screening utilization, and the congruence between intentions and uptake. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Data sources were searched through April 6, 2018, and includedMEDLINE, Scopus, CENTRAL, CT...
October 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Edith Chen, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Gene H Brody
INTRODUCTION: The transition to adulthood can be stressful for minority adolescents, and many may cope through unhealthy behaviors, including substance use and obesity-related behaviors. This study tested substance use and obesity trajectories over time in African American youth, longitudinal associations of trajectories with mental and physical health in adulthood, and whether self-control and sex predict trajectories. METHODS: Two longitudinal studies of 516 and 992 African American adolescents...
October 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Tabitha S Combs, Laura S Sandt, Michael P Clamann, Noreen C McDonald
INTRODUCTION: U.S. pedestrian fatalities have risen recently, even as vehicles are equipped with increasingly sophisticated safety and crash avoidance technology. Many experts expect that advances in automated vehicle technology will reduce pedestrian fatalities substantially through eliminating crashes caused by human error. This paper investigates automated vehicles' potential for reducing pedestrian fatalities by analyzing nearly 5,000 pedestrian fatalities recorded in 2015 in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System, virtually reconstructing them under a hypothetical scenario that replaces involved vehicles with automated versions equipped with state-of-the-art (as of December 2017) sensor technology...
October 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sandra L Jackson, Carma Ayala, Xin Tong, Hilary K Wall
INTRODUCTION: Self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP) plus additional clinical support is an evidence-based strategy that improves blood pressure control. Despite national recommendations for SMBP use and potential cost savings, insurance coverage for implementation is limited in the U.S. and little is known regarding clinical implementation. METHODS: In 2017, using 2015 and 2016 DocStyles survey data from 1,590 primary care physicians and nurse practitioners in U...
October 11, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Joseph A Simonetti, Deborah Azrael, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Matthew Miller
INTRODUCTION: Interventions that reduce access to highly lethal and commonly used methods of suicide (e.g., limiting firearm access) are considered essential elements of effective suicide prevention programs. Scant epidemiologic data are available to inform such efforts among Veterans. The aim of this study is to describe firearm storage practices and correlates of those practices among a nationally representative sample of U.S. Veteran firearm owners. METHODS: The authors used a probability-based online survey of Veteran firearm owners in 2015 (data analyzed in 2017; 54...
August 23, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Emily N Ussery, Susan A Carlson, Geoffrey P Whitfield, Kathleen B Watson, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
INTRODUCTION: Promotion of walking is a promising strategy for increasing physical activity levels in the U.S. The proportion of adults who report walking for either transportation or leisure has increased in recent years, but evidence on trends in walking for specific purposes is limited. METHODS: The 2005, 2010, and 2015 National Health Interview Survey assessed self-reported participation in and volume (minutes/week) of walking for transportation and leisure in the past week among adults aged ≥18 years...
August 20, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Elisheva R Danan, Steven S Fu, Barbara A Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Patrick J Hammett, Rachel Widome, Diana J Burgess
INTRODUCTION: Population-based smoking-cessation services tend to preferentially benefit high-SES smokers, potentially exacerbating disparities. Interventions that include proactive outreach, telephone counseling, and free or low-cost cessation medications may be more likely to help low-SES smokers quit. This analysis evaluated the role of SES in smokers' response to a population-based proactive smoking-cessation intervention. METHODS: This study, conducted in 2016 and 2017, was a secondary analysis of the Veterans Victory Over Tobacco Study, a multicenter pragmatic RCT of a proactive smoking-cessation intervention conducted from 2009 to 2011...
August 20, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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