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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224225/reassessing-urban-health-interventions-back-to-the-future-with-google-street-view-time-machine
#1
Ronaldo L Cândido, Madeleine Steinmetz-Wood, Patrick Morency, Yan Kestens
INTRODUCTION: Validity of research linking built environments to health relies on the availability and reliability of data used to measure exposures. As cities transform, it is important to track when and where urban changes occur, to provide detailed information for urban health intervention research. This paper presents an online observation method of the implementation of traffic-calmingfeatures using Google Street View Time Machine. The method is used to validate an existingadministrative database detailing the implementation of curb extensions and speed bumps...
September 14, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224224/generosity-and-duration-of-medicaid-expansion-waivers-and-access-to-care
#2
Wafa W Tarazi, Cathy J Bradley, David W Harless, Harry D Bear, Lindsay M Sabik
INTRODUCTION: Prior to expansion of Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, some states obtained Section 1115 waivers from the federal government that allowed them to expand eligibility for Medicaid to adult populations that were not covered previously. Expansion waivers in these states differed in their generosity and year of implementation, creating variation in coverage availability and program longevity across states. This study examined the association between generosity and duration of Medicaid expansion waivers and access to preventive services...
September 14, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219212/opioid-prescribing-by-specialty-and-volume-in-the-u-s
#3
Gery P Guy, Kun Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219211/rapid-expansion-of-the-opioid-ecosystem-national-implications-for-prescriber-pharmacist-communication
#4
Chris Delcher, Yanning Wang, Amie Goodin, Patricia R Freeman, Gary M Reisfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219210/reasons-for-young-adult-waterpipe-use-in-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#5
Marushka L Silveira, Nahla N Hilmi, Kevin P Conway
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe use is common among U.S. young adults (aged 18-24 years), with estimates considerably higher than other age groups. Although studies have examined attitudes and beliefs associated with waterpipe use, no study has examined reasons for use in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Using latent class analyses, this study examined subgroups based on self-reported reasons for use of past 30-day young adult (aged 18-24 years) waterpipe users (n=1,198) from Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study...
September 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166080/firearm-storage-practices-among-american-veterans
#6
Joseph A Simonetti, Deborah Azrael, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Matthew Miller
INTRODUCTION: Interventions that reduce access to highly lethal and commonly used methods of suicide (e.g., limiting firearm access) are considered essential elements of effective suicide prevention programs. Scant epidemiologic data are available to inform such efforts among Veterans. The aim of this study is to describe firearm storage practices and correlates of those practices among a nationally representative sample of U.S. Veteran firearm owners. METHODS: The authors used a probability-based online survey of Veteran firearm owners in 2015 (data analyzed in 2017; 54...
August 23, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139709/violence-related-disparities-experienced-by-black-youth-and-young-adults-opportunities-for-prevention
#7
Kameron Sheats, Shalon M Irving, Jim Mercy, Thomas R Simon, Alex Crosby, Derek C Ford, Melissa Merrick, Francis Annor, Rachel E Morgan
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to characterize violence-related disparities experienced by young blacks in the U.S. Reducing violence experienced by blacks, particularly youth, who are at substantially higher risk, is essential to improving the health of blacks in the U.S. METHODS: Data from four independent data sets for youth and adults were analyzed to examine rates of homicide, assault, injury from a physical fight, bullying victimization, and missing school because of safety concerns for non-Hispanic blacks and whites aged 10-34 years between 2010 and 2015...
August 20, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139708/transportation-and-leisure-walking-among-u-s-adults-trends-in-reported-prevalence-and-volume-national-health-interview-survey-2005-2015
#8
Emily N Ussery, Susan A Carlson, Geoffrey P Whitfield, Kathleen B Watson, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
INTRODUCTION: Promotion of walking is a promising strategy for increasing physical activity levels in the U.S. The proportion of adults who report walking for either transportation or leisure has increased in recent years, but evidence on trends in walking for specific purposes is limited. METHODS: The 2005, 2010, and 2015 National Health Interview Survey assessed self-reported participation in and volume (minutes/week) of walking for transportation and leisure in the past week among adults aged ≥18 years...
August 20, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139707/the-equity-impact-of-proactive-outreach-to-smokers-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#9
Elisheva R Danan, Steven S Fu, Barbara A Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Patrick J Hammett, Rachel Widome, Diana J Burgess
INTRODUCTION: Population-based smoking-cessation services tend to preferentially benefit high-SES smokers, potentially exacerbating disparities. Interventions that include proactive outreach, telephone counseling, and free or low-cost cessation medications may be more likely to help low-SES smokers quit. This analysis evaluated the role of SES in smokers' response to a population-based proactive smoking-cessation intervention. METHODS: This study, conducted in 2016 and 2017, was a secondary analysis of the Veterans Victory Over Tobacco Study, a multicenter pragmatic RCT of a proactive smoking-cessation intervention conducted from 2009 to 2011...
August 20, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135039/promoting-adult-immunization-using-population-based-data-for-a-composite-measure
#10
Angela K Shen, Walter W Williams, Alissa C O'Halloran, Amy V Groom, Peng-Jun Lu, Alice Y Tsai, Megan C Lindley
INTRODUCTION: A composite adult immunization status measure is currently under consideration for adoption into the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set. This paper complements the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set health plan-level measure testing efforts by examining use of survey-based self-reported vaccination data to assess composite adult immunization coverage and identify limitations to using survey data to measure progress. METHODS: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey data were used in 2017 to calculate estimates for a composite of selected vaccines routinely recommended for adults aged ≥19 years, overall and in three age groups: 19-59, 60-64, and ≥65 years for tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td); tetanus toxoid; reduced diphtheria toxoid; and tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap); and herpes zoster, pneumococcal, and influenza vaccines...
August 19, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135038/tobacco-screening-and-counseling-in-the-u-s-smokers-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#11
Hillary Samples, Sachini Bandara, Mark Olfson, Brendan Saloner
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with mental health and substance use problems have higher rates of smoking and tobacco-related morbidity and mortality than the general population. These increased rates can be explained, in part, by lower cessation rates compared with overall declines in tobacco use in recent years. The purpose of this study was to examine tobacco screening and cessation counseling in healthcare settings to compare rates for adults with mental health and substance use problems with those without such problems...
August 19, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135036/technology-innovations-in-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-assessment-challenges-and-recommendations-for-future-directions
#12
EDITORIAL
David M Klurfeld, Eric Hekler, Camille Nebeker, Kevin Patrick, Chor San H Khoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166082/lifetime-economic-burden-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-u-s-adults
#13
Cora Peterson, Megan C Kearns, Wendy LiKamWa McIntosh, Lianne Fuino Estefan, Christina Nicolaidis, Kathryn E McCollister, Amy Gordon, Curtis Florence
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated the U.S. lifetime per-victim cost and economic burden of intimate partner violence. METHODS: Data from previous studies were combined with 2012 U.S. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey data in a mathematical model. Intimate partner violence was defined as contact sexual violence, physical violence, or stalking victimization with related impact (e.g., missed work days). Costs included attributable impaired health, lost productivity, and criminal justice costs from the societal perspective...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166081/low-systolic-blood-pressure-from-treatment-and-association-with-serious-falls-syncope
#14
John J Sim, Hui Zhou, Simran Bhandari, Rong Wei, Jeff W Brettler, Jocelyn Tran-Nguyen, Joel Handler, Daichi Shimbo, Steven J Jacobsen, Kristi Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: With the growing emphasis on intensive blood pressure control, the potential for overtreatment and treatment-related adverse outcomes has become an area of interest. A large representative population within a real-world clinical environment with successful hypertension control rates was used to evaluate serious falls and syncope in people with low-treated systolic blood pressure (SBP). METHODS: A cross-sectional study among medically treated hypertensive individuals within the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health system (2014-2015) was performed...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166079/association-between-electronic-cigarette-use-and-myocardial-infarction
#15
Talal Alzahrani, Ivan Pena, Nardos Temesgen, Stanton A Glantz
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are promoted as a less risky alternative to conventional cigarettes and have grown in popularity. Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that they could increase the risk of myocardial infarction. METHODS: The National Health Interview Surveys of 2014 (n=36,697) and 2016 (n=33,028) were used to examine the cross-sectional association between e-cigarette use (never, former, some days, daily) and cigarette smoking (same categories) and myocardial infarction in a single logistic regression model that also included demographics (age, gender, BMI) and health characteristics (hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia) using logistic regression...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126670/oral-health-needs-and-experiences-of-medicaid-enrollees-with-serious-mental-illness
#16
Jean P Hall, Tracey A LaPierre, Noelle K Kurth
INTRODUCTION: Chronic dental diseases are among the most prevalent chronic conditions in the U.S., despite being largely preventable. Individuals with mental illness experience multiple risk factors for poor oral health and need targeted intervention. This study investigated experiences of Kansas Medicaid enrollees with serious mental illness in accessing dental services, examined their oral health risk factors, and identified oral health needs and outcomes. METHODS: Survey data were collected from October 2016 through February 2017 from 186 individuals in Kansas with serious mental illness enrolled in Medicaid...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126669/adolescent-weight-and-electronic-vapor-product-use-comparing-bmi-based-with-perceived-weight-status
#17
Beom-Young Cho, Dong-Chul Seo, Hsien-Chang Lin, David K Lohrmann, Andrea K Chomistek, Peter S Hendricks, Lava Timsina
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the associations of BMI-based and perceived body weight status with electronic vapor product use, cigarette smoking, and dual use among U.S. adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 2017 on data from 15,129 adolescents in the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2015. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations of BMI-based and perceived weight status with electronic vapor product use, cigarette smoking, and dual use, after adjusting for all other covariates...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126668/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-u-s-adults-1999-2016
#18
Michael Fang
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of diabetes has increased substantially over the past three decades. This study sought to estimate recent trends in the prevalence of diabetes among U.S. adults. METHODS: This paper estimated trends in the prevalence of diagnosed, undiagnosed, and total diabetes among U.S. adults from 1999-2000 to 2015-2016 (analyzed in 2017). Data come from 42,554 respondents aged ≥20 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126667/review-of-metformin-use-for-type-2-diabetes-prevention
#19
REVIEW
Tannaz Moin, Julie A Schmittdiel, James H Flory, Jessica Yeh, Andrew J Karter, Lydia E Kruge, Dean Schillinger, Carol M Mangione, William H Herman, Elizabeth A Walker
CONTEXT: Prediabetes is prevalent and significantly increases lifetime risk of progression to type 2 diabetes. This review summarizes the evidence surrounding metformin use for type 2 diabetes prevention. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles published between 1998 and 2017 examining metformin use for the primary indication of diabetes prevention available on MEDLINE. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Forty articles met inclusion criteria and were summarized into four general categories: (1) RCTs of metformin use for diabetes prevention (n=7 and n=2 follow-up analyses); (2) observational analyses examining metformin use in heterogeneous subgroups of patients with prediabetes (n=9 from the Diabetes Prevention Program, n=1 from the biguanides and the prevention of the risk of obesity [BIGPRO] trial); (3) observational analyses examining cost effectiveness of metformin use for diabetes prevention (n=11 from the Diabetes Prevention Program, n=1 from the Indian Diabetes Prevention Program); and (4) real-world assessments of metformin eligibility or use for diabetes prevention (n=9)...
August 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093159/new-high-blood-pressure-guidelines-back-on-track-with-lower-treatment-goals-but-implementation-challenges-abound
#20
EDITORIAL
Randall S Stafford
The recently released 2017 High Blood Pressure Guidelines depart from past guidelines in both their approach and recommendations. Developed by multiple health organizations, including the American College of Preventive Medicine, the guidelines continue to define normal blood pressure as <120/80 mmHg, but now define hypertension as ≥130/80 mmHg (previously ≥140/90 mmHg). This change categorizes 101 million Americans (46% of adults) as hypertensive (compared to 32% previously). The guidelines rely heavily on findings from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT)...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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