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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545743/tdap-vaccination-among-healthcare-personnel-internet-panel-survey-2012-2014
#1
Anup Srivastav, Carla L Black, Peng-Jun Lu, Jun Zhang, Jennifer L Liang, Stacie M Greby
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare personnel (HCP) are at risk for pertussis infection exposure or transmitting the disease to patients in their work settings. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination for HCP to minimize these risks. This study assessed Tdap vaccination coverage among U.S. HCP by sociodemographic and occupation-related characteristics. METHODS: The 2012, 2013, and 2014 Internet Panel Surveys were analyzed in 2015 to assess HCP Tdap vaccination...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532659/two-year-healthy-eating-outcomes-an-rct-in-afterschool-programs
#2
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, Dianne S Ward, Darcy A Freedman, Aaron Beighle
INTRODUCTION: Across the U.S., afterschool programs (ASPs, 3:00pm-6:00pm) are trying to achieve nationally endorsed nutrition standards (Healthy Eating Standards) calling for fruits/vegetables and water to be served every day, while eliminating sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year changes in the types of foods and beverages served during a community-based intervention designed to achieve the Healthy Eating Standards. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized delayed treatment trial with an immediate (1-year baseline and 2-year intervention) or delayed (2-year baseline and 1-year intervention) group...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532658/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-pediatric-healthcare-visits-and-hospitalizations
#3
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) as measured by serum cotinine and healthcare utilization among children. METHODS: In 2016, the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed including 4,985 children aged 3-19 years. Associations between SHSe and having a routine place for healthcare, type of place, and hospital utilization were examined using logistic regression models. Poisson regression analyses assessed the relationship between SHSe and number of hospital admissions...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501239/economic-insecurity-and-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victimization
#4
Matthew J Breiding, Kathleen C Basile, Joanne Klevens, Sharon G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently found that low SES is associated with higher levels of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) victimization. Though associated with poverty, two indicators of economic insecurity, food and housing insecurity, have been identified as conceptually distinct social determinants of health. This study examined the relationship between food and housing insecurity experienced in the preceding 12 months and IPV and SV victimization experienced in the preceding 12 months, after controlling for SES and other demographic variables...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522236/parental-support-for-age-based-indoor-tanning-restrictions
#5
Melissa B Gilkey, Darren Mays, Maryam M Asgari, Melanie L Kornides, Annie-Laurie McRee
INTRODUCTION: Regulatory agencies, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, are considering policies to ban indoor tanning for youth aged <18 years. Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study assessed parental support for age-based bans as well as less restrictive parental permission requirements. METHODS: Data came from an online survey completed by 1,244 parents of adolescents aged 11-17 years. Weighted multivariable logistic regression models assessed correlates of supporting an indoor tanning ban for youth aged <18 years...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495222/job-characteristics-associated-with-self-rated-fair-or-poor-health-among-u-s-workers
#6
Sara E Luckhaupt, Toni Alterman, Jia Li, Geoffrey M Calvert
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 60% of the U.S. adult population is employed. Many aspects of a person's job may influence health, but it is unclear which job characteristics are most strongly associated with health at a population level. The purpose of this study was to identify important associations between job characteristics and workers' self-rated health in a nationally representative survey of U.S. workers. METHODS: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used to calculate weighted prevalence rates for self-reported fair/poor health for five categories of job characteristics: occupation; pay/benefits (economic); work organization; chemical/environmental hazards; and psychosocial factors...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495221/impact-of-provider-recommendation-on-tdap-vaccination-of-adolescents-aged-13-17-years
#7
Peng-Jun Lu, David Yankey, Jenny Jeyarajah, Alissa O'Halloran, Sarah A Meyer, Laurie D Elam-Evans, Sarah Reagan-Steiner
INTRODUCTION: Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination has been recommended for adolescents in the U.S. since 2006. Information on Tdap vaccination by provider recommendation is limited. The purpose of this study is to assess recent Tdap vaccination by provider recommendation status among adolescents aged 13-17 years. METHODS: The 2013 National Immunization Survey-Teen data (N=18,948) were analyzed in 2016 to assess national and state-specific Tdap vaccination coverage disparities among adolescents by provider recommendation status, and other demographic and access to care variables...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495220/other-tobacco-product-use-among-sexual-minority-young-adult-bar-patrons
#8
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals smoke at rates 1.5-2 times higher than the general population, but less is known about LGB consumption of other tobacco products (OTPs) and gender differences. OTP use among young adult LGB bar patrons and the relationship among past quit attempts, intention to quit, and binge drinking with OTP use was examined. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of young adults (aged 18-26) in bars/nightclubs in seven U...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495219/increases-in-use-and-activity-due-to-urban-renewal-effect-of-a-natural-experiment
#9
Henriette Bondo Andersen, Lars Breum Christiansen, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is scarce. DESIGN: A natural experiment with a pre-experimental design was used with data collected in 2010 and 2012 before and after an urban renewal...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522237/u-s-hiv-incidence-and-transmission-goals-2020-and-2025
#10
Robert A Bonacci, David R Holtgrave
INTRODUCTION: The recently updated U.S. National HIV/AIDS Strategy sets key HIV prevention and care targets for 2020, but the trajectory of the epidemic remains unclear. Authors modeled HIV incidence, prevalence, and mortality for the U.S. over 10 years to determine whether an ambitious trajectory toward "ending AIDS" by 2025 would be achievable. METHODS: Authors utilized recently published 2010-2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance data to model HIV incidence, prevalence, and mortality...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483301/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-risk-toward-comprehensive-prevention
#11
Katie A Ports, Melissa T Merrick, Deborah M Stone, Natalie J Wilkins, Jerry Reed, Julie Ebin, Derek C Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495223/feasibility-of-text-message-influenza-vaccine-safety-monitoring-during-pregnancy
#12
Melissa S Stockwell, Maria Cano, Kathleen Jakob, Karen R Broder, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Paula M Castaño, Paige Lewis, Angela Barrett, Oidda I Museru, Ormarys Castellanos, Philip S LaRussa
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility and accuracy of text messaging to monitor events after influenza vaccination throughout pregnancy and the neonatal period has not been studied, but may be important for seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines and future maternal vaccines. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted during 2013-2014 and analyzed in 2015-2016. Enrolled pregnant women receiving inactivated influenza vaccination at a gestational age <20 weeks were sent text messages intermittently through participant-reported pregnancy end to request fever, health events, and neonatal outcomes...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457747/food-insecurity-and-mental-health-status-a-global-analysis-of-149-countries
#13
Andrew D Jones
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the association of individual-level food insecurity (FI) with mental health status across all global regions. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed in 2016 from the 2014 Gallup World Poll, a series of globally implemented, nationally representative surveys. FI was assessed using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale Survey Module for Individuals, an eight-question psychometric scale reporting individuals' experiences of FI...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473240/cervical-cancer-screening-and-incidence-by-age-unmet-needs-near-and-after-the-stopping-age-for-screening
#14
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Vicki B Benard
INTRODUCTION: Leading professional organizations recommend cervical cancer screening for average-risk women aged 21-65 years. For average-risk women aged >65 years, routine screening may be discontinued if "adequate" screening with negative results is documented. Screening is recommended after age 65 years for women who do not meet adequate prior screening criteria or are at special risk. METHODS: Authors examined the most recent cervical cancer incidence data from two federal cancer surveillance programs for all women by age and race, corrected for hysterectomy status...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456347/the-effects-of-feedback-on-adherence-to-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#15
REVIEW
Mansha D Seewoodharry, Gail D E Maconachie, Clare L Gillies, Irene Gottlob, Rebecca J McLean
CONTEXT: The aim of this systematic review is to determine whether providing feedback, guided by subjective or objective measures of adherence, improves adherence to treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Data sources included MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO, and reference lists of retrieved articles. Only RCTs comparing the effect of feedback on adherence outcome were included. Three independent reviewers extracted data for all potentially eligible studies using an adaptation of the Cochrane Library data extraction sheet...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455123/neighborhood-environment-and-cognition-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lilah M Besser, Noreen C McDonald, Yan Song, Walter A Kukull, Daniel A Rodriguez
CONTEXT: Some evidence suggests that treating vascular risk factors and performing mentally stimulating activities may delay cognitive impairment onset in older adults. Exposure to a complex neighborhood environment may be one mechanism to help delay cognitive decline. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertation and Theses Global database were systematically reviewed, identifying 25 studies published from February 1, 1989 to March 5, 2016 (data synthesized, May 3, 2015 to October 7, 2016)...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455122/kids-cam-an-objective-methodology-to-study-the-world-in-which-children-live
#17
Louise N Signal, Moira B Smith, Michelle Barr, James Stanley, Tim J Chambers, Jiang Zhou, Aaron Duane, Gabrielle L S Jenkin, Amber L Pearson, Cathal Gurrin, Alan F Smeaton, Janet Hoek, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports on a new methodology to objectively study the world in which children live. The primary research study (Kids'Cam Food Marketing) illustrates the method; numerous ancillary studies include exploration of children's exposure to alcohol, smoking, "blue" space and gambling, and their use of "green" space, transport, and sun protection. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight randomly selected children (aged 11-13 years) recruited from 16 randomly selected schools in Wellington, New Zealand used wearable cameras and GPS units for 4 days, recording imagery every 7 seconds and longitude/latitude locations every 5 seconds...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431811/potential-consequences-of-not-using-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine
#18
Kenneth J Smith, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Angela Wateska, Shawn T Brown, Jay V DePasse, Jonathan M Raviotta, Eunha Shim, Richard K Zimmerman
INTRODUCTION: Decreased live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) effectiveness in the U.S. prompted the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in August 2016 to recommend against this vaccine's use. However, overall influenza uptake increases when LAIV is available and, unlike the U.S., LAIV has retained its effectiveness in other countries. These opposing countercurrents create a dilemma. METHODS: To examine the potential consequences of the decision to not recommend LAIV, which may result in decreased influenza vaccination coverage in the U...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427955/preventing-alcohol-and-tobacco-exposed-pregnancies-choices-plus-in-primary-care
#19
Mary M Velasquez, Kirk L von Sternberg, R Louise Floyd, Danielle Parrish, Alicia Kowalchuk, Nanette S Stephens, Britta Ostermeyer, Charles Green, J Paul Seale, Patricia Dolan Mullen
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and tobacco use are common among U.S. women, yet if used during pregnancy these substances present significant preventable risks to prenatal and perinatal health. Because use of alcohol and tobacco often continue into the first trimester and beyond, especially among women with unintended pregnancies, effective evidence-based approaches are needed to decrease these risk behaviors. This study was designed to test the efficacy of CHOICES Plus, a preconception intervention for reducing the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies (AEPs and TEPs)...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427954/colorectal-cancer-screening-initiation-after-age-50-years-in-an-organized-program
#20
Stacey A Fedewa, Douglas A Corley, Christopher D Jensen, Wei Zhao, Michael Goodman, Ahmedin Jemal, Kevin C Ward, Theodore R Levin, Chyke A Doubeni
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies report racial disparities among individuals in organized colorectal cancer (CRC) programs; however, there is a paucity of information on CRC screening utilization by race/ethnicity among newly age-eligible adults in such programs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study among Kaiser Permanente Northern California enrollees who turned age 50 years between 2007 and 2012 (N=138,799) and were served by a systemwide outreach and facilitated in-reach screening program based primarily on mailed fecal immunochemical tests to screening-eligible people...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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