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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338958/recommendations-of-the-second-panel-on-cost-effectiveness-in-health-and-medicine-a-reference-not-a-rule-book
#1
Cristina Carias, Harrell W Chesson, Scott D Grosse, Rui Li, Martin I Meltzer, Gabrielle F Miller, Louise B Murphy, Tursynbek A Nurmagambetov, Jamison J Pike, Hilary K Whitham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338957/commuting-and-sleep-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sue%C3%A3-o-ancillary-study
#2
Megan E Petrov, Jia Weng, Kathryn J Reid, Rui Wang, Alberto R Ramos, Douglas M Wallace, Carmela Alcantara, Jianwen Cai, Krista Perreira, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Phyllis C Zee, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Sanjay R Patel
INTRODUCTION: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338956/gender-identity-disparities-in-cancer-screening-behaviors
#3
Ariella R Tabaac, Megan E Sutter, Catherine S J Wall, Kellan E Baker
INTRODUCTION: Transgender (trans) and gender-nonconforming adults have reported reduced access to health care because of discrimination and lack of knowledgeable care. This study aimed to contribute to the nascent cancer prevention literature among trans and gender-nonconforming individuals by ascertaining rates of breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal cancer screening behaviors by gender identity. METHODS: Publicly available de-identified data from the 2014-2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys were utilized to evaluate rates of cancer screenings by gender identity, while controlling for healthcare access, sociodemographics, and survey year...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338955/declining-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-u-s
#4
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Michael Schoenbaum, Carlos Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. METHODS: The 2001-2002 and 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions U.S. representative household surveys were analyzed for trends in health-related quality of life (n=79,402). Health-related quality of life was measured with the Short Form-6 Dimension scale derived from the Short Form-12...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338954/perceived-and-observed-food-environments-eating-behaviors-and-bmi
#5
Julia M Alber, Sarah H Green, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: This study examines relationships between perceived and observed nutrition environments, diet, and BMI, in order to examine the criterion validity of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Perceived (NEMS-P). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, perceived nutrition environments were assessed (NEMS-P) among 221 adults from four neighborhoods in the Philadelphia area in 2010 and 2011. A total of 158 food store environments were observed using the NEMS-Stores...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338953/violent-crime-and-park-use-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#6
Bing Han, Deborah A Cohen, Kathryn P Derose, Jiang Li, Stephanie Williamson
INTRODUCTION: Crime and safety are often cited as potential hurdles to park use and park-based physical activity. Using comprehensive data sources including both objective and subjective measurements at the park level and the individual level, this study aimed to assess the association between crime rates and use of local parks in low-income urban neighborhoods. METHODS: The authors observed 48 parks and conducted local resident surveys in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles during a 2-year study period (2013-2015)...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338952/behavioral-risk-factors-and-regional-variation-in-cardiovascular-health-care-and-death
#7
Kathleen M Fairfield, Adam W Black, F Lee Lucas, Andrea E Siewers, Mylan C Cohen, Christopher T Healey, Allison C Briggs, Paul K J Han, John E Wennberg
INTRODUCTION: Reducing the burden of death from cardiovascular disease includes risk factor reduction and medical interventions. METHODS: This was an observational analysis at the hospital service area (HSA) level, to examine regional variation and relationships between behavioral risks, health services utilization, and cardiovascular disease mortality (the outcome of interest). HSA-level prevalence of cardiovascular disease behavioral risks (smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity) were calculated from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; HSA-level rates of stress tests, diagnostic cardiac catheterization, and revascularization from a statewide multi-payer claims data set from Maine in 2013 (with 606,260 patients aged ≥35 years), and deaths from state death certificate data...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338951/small-incentives-improve-weight-loss-in-women-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds
#8
Tricia M Leahey, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Marc S Mitchell, Carnisha M Gilder, Rena R Wing
INTRODUCTION: Women from lower-income backgrounds have the highest rates of obesity. Thus, effective programs for this high-risk population are urgently needed. Evidence suggests that adding financial incentives to treatment helps to engage and promote health behavior change in lower-income populations; however, this has never been tested in women for obesity treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adding small financial incentives to Internet weight loss treatment yields better weight loss outcomes in women from lower-income backgrounds compared with the same treatment without incentives...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338950/sugar-sweetened-beverage-and-water-intake-in-relation-to-diet-quality-in-u-s-children
#9
Cindy W Leung, S Gemma DiMatteo, Wendi A Gosliner, Lorrene D Ritchie
INTRODUCTION: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to children's added sugar consumption. This study examines whether children's SSB and water intakes are associated with diet quality and total energy intake. METHODS: Using data on children aged 2-18 years from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, linear regression models were used to analyze SSB and water intake in relation to Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) scores and total energy intake...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306559/differential-associations-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-maternal-health
#10
Nicole M Racine, Sheri L Madigan, Andre R Plamondon, Sheila W McDonald, Suzanne C Tough
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336862/reconciling-supply-and-demand-for-state-and-local-public-health-staff-in-an-era-of-retiring-baby-boomers
#11
Jonathon P Leider, Fatima Coronado, Angela J Beck, Elizabeth Harper
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to reconcile public health workforce supply and demand data to understand whether the expected influx of public health graduates can meet turnover events. METHODS: Four large public health workforce data sources were analyzed to establish measures of workforce demand, voluntary separations, and workforce employees likely to retire at state and local health departments. Data were collected in 2014-2016 and analyzed in 2016 and 2017...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305069/randomized-trial-to-reduce-air-particle-levels-in-homes-of-smokers-and-children
#12
Suzanne C Hughes, John Bellettiere, Benjamin Nguyen, Sandy Liles, Neil E Klepeis, Penelope J E Quintana, Vincent Berardi, Saori Obayashi, Savannah Bradley, C Richard Hofstetter, Melbourne F Hovell
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to fine particulate matter in the home from sources such as smoking, cooking, and cleaning may put residents, especially children, at risk for detrimental health effects. A randomized clinical trial was conducted from 2011 to 2016 to determine whether real-time feedback in the home plus brief coaching of parents or guardians could reduce fine particle levels in homes with smokers and children. DESIGN: A randomized trial with two groups-intervention and control...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305068/changes-in-sitting-time-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-older-adults
#13
Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, David Martínez-Gómez
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged sitting time has demonstrated consistent associations with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, but most previous studies have analyzed these associations assessing sitting time at one single point and providing scarce evidence on causal links. The main objective of this study was to analyze the association of 2-year changes in sitting time with subsequent long-term cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults. METHODS: The analyses were conducted with 2,657 individuals with complete data...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287938/moving-the-message-beyond-the-methods-toward-integration-of-unintended-pregnancy-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-prevention
#14
Riley J Steiner, Nicole Liddon, Andrea L Swartzendruber, Karen Pazol, Jessica M Sales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248278/hospital-emergency-department-lethal-means-counseling-for-suicidal-patients
#15
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Gregory Tung, Sara Brandspigel, Marian E Betz, Douglas K Novins, Robert Agans
INTRODUCTION: Lethal means counseling of suicidal individuals in emergency departments has the potential to reduce suicide. This study examines the provision of lethal means counseling and the presence of written protocols in a region with high rates of both firearm ownership and suicide. METHODS: In 2015-2016, emergency department nurse managers in hospital-based emergency departments throughout eight states were surveyed using an 80-item survey developed through qualitative interviews and pilot testing...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246678/individualized-fracture-risk-feedback-and-long-term-benefits-after-10-years
#16
Feitong Wu, Karen Wills, Laura L Laslett, Malcolm D Riley, Brian Oldenburg, Graeme Jones, Tania Winzenberg
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine if beneficial effects of individualized feedback of fracture risk on osteoporosis preventive behaviors and bone mineral density observed in a 2-year trial were sustained long-term. METHODS: This was a 10-year follow-up of a 2-year RCT in 470 premenopausal women aged 25-44 years, who were randomized to one of two educational interventions (the Osteoporosis Prevention and Self-Management Course [OPSMC] or an osteoporosis information leaflet) and received tailored feedback of their relative risk of fracture in later life (high versus normal risk groups)...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246676/time-to-track-health-outcomes-of-smoke-free-multiunit-housing
#17
Lorna E Thorpe, Alexis M Feinberg, Brian Elbel, Terry Gordon, Sue A Kaplan, Katarzyna Wyka, Jessica Athens, Donna Shelley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246674/immunization-practices-of-u-s-obstetrician-gynecologists-for-pregnant-patients
#18
Sean T O'Leary, Laura E Riley, Megan C Lindley, Mandy A Allison, Lori A Crane, Laura P Hurley, Brenda L Beaty, Michaela Brtnikova, Margaret Collins, Alison P Albert, Allison K Fisher, Angela J Jiles, Allison Kempe
INTRODUCTION: U.S. obstetrician/gynecologists play a critical role as vaccinators of pregnant women. However, little is known about their current immunization practices. Thus, study objectives were to determine (1) practices related to assessment of vaccination status and vaccine delivery for pregnant patients; (2) barriers to stocking and administering vaccines; and (3) factors associated with administering both influenza and tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246673/environmental-supports-for-physical-activity-national-health-interview-survey-2015
#19
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Susan A Carlson, Emily N Ussery, Kathleen B Watson, Marc A Adams, Peter James, Ross C Brownson, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
INTRODUCTION: The Guide to Community Preventive Services recommends combined built environment approaches to increase physical activity, including new or enhanced transportation infrastructure (e.g., sidewalks) and land use and environmental design interventions (e.g., close proximity of local destinations). The aim of this brief report is to provide nationally representative estimates of two types of built environment supports for physical activity: near-home walkable infrastructure and destinations, from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241724/measures-of-ses-for-electronic-health-record-based-research
#20
Joan A Casey, Jonathan Pollak, M Maria Glymour, Elizabeth R Mayeda, Annemarie G Hirsch, Brian S Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: Although infrequently recorded in electronic health records (EHRs), measures of SES are essential to describe health inequalities and account for confounding in epidemiologic research. Medical Assistance (i.e., Medicaid) is often used as a surrogate for SES, but correspondence between conventional SES and Medical Assistance has been insufficiently studied. METHODS: Geisinger Clinic EHR data from 2001 to 2014 and a 2014 questionnaire were used to create six SES measures: EHR-derived Medical Assistance and proportion of time under observation on Medical Assistance; educational attainment, income, and marital status; and area-level poverty...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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