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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801014/addressing-the-nation-s-opioid-epidemic-lessons-from-an-unsanctioned-supervised-injection-site-in-the-u-s
#1
Alex H Kral, Peter J Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797652/geographic-variation-in-opioid-and-heroin-involved-drug-poisoning-mortality-rates
#2
Christopher J Ruhm
INTRODUCTION: An important barrier to formulating effective policies to address the rapid rise in U.S. fatal overdoses is that the specific drugs involved are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis supplies improved estimates of state opioid and heroin involved drug fatality rates in 2014, and changes from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: Reported mortality rates were calculated directly from death certificates and compared to corrected rates that imputed drug involvement when no drug was specified...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774549/combined-healthy-behaviors-and-healthcare-services-use-in-older-adults
#3
Ana Hernández-Aceituno, Raúl F Pérez-Tasigchana, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Esther López-García, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, José R Banegas
INTRODUCTION: Data on the combined impact of healthy behaviors on healthcare use in older adults are limited. METHODS: Study with community-dwelling individuals aged ≥60 years from the Spanish Seniors-ENRICA cohort, recruited in 2008-2010, followed through 2012-2013, and analyzed in 2016 (N=2,021). At baseline, the following healthy behaviors were self-reported: three traditional (never smoking, being physically active, having a healthy diet) and three emerging (sleeping 7-8 hours/day, sitting <8 hours/day, not living alone)...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756895/stigma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-sexual-minorities
#4
S Bryn Austin, Allegra R Gordon, Najat J Ziyadeh, Brittany M Charlton, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Mihail Samnaliev
INTRODUCTION: Stigma against sexual minorities is well documented, but its long-term consequences for health-related quality of life (HRQL) are unknown. This study examined stigma-related predictors of sexual orientation disparities in HRQL and their contribution to young adult HRQL disparities. METHODS: In 2013, participants (N=7,304, aged 18-31 years) reported sexual orientation (completely heterosexual [CH], mostly heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian/gay). The EQ5D-5L, preference weighted for the U...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755982/use-and-perceptions-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-and-energy-shots-in-canada
#5
Danielle Wiggers, Jessica L Reid, Christine M White, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION: In Canada, energy drinks and energy shots are currently classified and regulated differently (food and drugs versus natural health products, respectively), on the assumption that they are used and perceived differently. The current study examined potential differences in use and perceptions of energy drinks and shots. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in 2015 using a national commercial online panel of youth and young adults aged 12-24 years (n=2,040 retained for analysis in 2016)...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755981/assessing-validity-of-the-fitbit-indicators-for-u-s-public-health-surveillance
#6
Kelly R Evenson, Fang Wen, Robert D Furberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756896/differences-in-u-s-suicide-rates-by-educational-attainment-2000-2014
#7
Julie A Phillips, Katherine Hempstead
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to document the association between education and suicide risk, in light of rising suicide rates and socioeconomic differentials in mortality in the U.S. METHODS: Differentials and trends in U.S. suicide rates by education were examined from 2000 to 2014 using death certificate data on 442,135 suicides from the National Center for Health Statistics and Census data. Differences in the circumstances and characteristics of suicide deaths by education were investigated using 2013 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System for nine states...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751056/federally-qualified-health-center-substitution-of-local-health-department-services
#8
Jeremy W Snider, Betty R Bekemeier, Douglas A Conrad, David E Grembowski
INTRODUCTION: Strategic and budgetary considerations have shifted local health departments (LHDs) away from safety net clinical services and toward population-focused services. Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) play an increasing role in the safety net, and may complement or substitute for LHD clinical services. The authors examined the association between FQHC service levels in communities and the presence of specific LHD clinical services in 2010 and 2013. METHODS: Data from LHD surveys and FQHC service data were merged for 2010 and 2013...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751055/deaths-due-to-screenable-cancers-among-people-living-with-hiv-infection-florida-2000-2014
#9
Mary Jo Trepka, Rehab Auf, Kristopher P Fennie, Diana M Sheehan, Lorene M Maddox, Theophile Niyonsenga
INTRODUCTION: Because of antiretroviral therapy, people living with HIV infection are surviving longer and are at higher risk for chronic diseases. This study's objective was to assess the magnitude of deaths due to cancers for which there are screening recommendations for people living with HIV in Florida. METHODS: Florida Department of Health Enhanced HIV/AIDS Reporting System data were matched with Department of Health Vital Records and the National Death Index to identify deaths and their causes through 2014...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739314/concussion-rates-in-u-s-middle-school-athletes-2015-2016-school-year
#10
Zachary Y Kerr, Nelson Cortes, Amanda M Caswell, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Kaitlin Romm Hallsmith, A Frederick Milbert, Shane V Caswell
INTRODUCTION: Concussion incidence estimates in middle school sports settings are limited. This study examines concussion incidence in nine U.S. middle schools during the 2015-2016 school year. METHODS: Concussion data originated from nine public middle schools in Prince William County, Virginia, during the 2015-2016 school year. Certified athletic trainers collected concussion and athlete exposure (AE) data in school-sanctioned games and practices in boys' baseball, basketball, football, soccer, track, and wrestling; and girls' basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball, track, and volleyball...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735778/yoga-for-military-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Erik J Groessl, Lin Liu, Douglas G Chang, Julie L Wetherell, Jill E Bormann, J Hamp Atkinson, Sunita Baxi, Laura Schmalzl
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (cLBP) is prevalent, especially among military veterans. Many cLBP treatment options have limited benefits and are accompanied by side effects. Major efforts to reduce opioid use and embrace nonpharmacological pain treatments have resulted. Research with community cLBP patients indicates that yoga can improve health outcomes and has few side effects. The benefits of yoga among military veterans were examined. DESIGN: Participants were randomized to either yoga or delayed yoga treatment in 2013-2015...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712831/maternal-prepregnancy-weight-and-children-s-behavioral-and-emotional-outcomes
#12
Julianna Deardorff, Louisa H Smith, Lucia Petito, Hyunju Kim, Barbara F Abrams
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated associations between maternal prepregnancy BMI and child behaviors at ages 9-11 years and examine interaction by race and gender. METHODS: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and the Children and Young Adults surveys are U.S.-based, ongoing longitudinal studies, initiated in 1979 and 1986, respectively. Mothers (n=2,952) reported pregnancy and child (n=5,660) developmental information at multiple time points. Child total, internalizing, and externalizing problems at ages 9-11 years were assessed using the Behavior Problems Index (BPI), collected biennially until 2012...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688728/community-policies-and-programs-to-prevent-obesity-and-child-adiposity
#13
Edward A Frongillo, Stephen B Fawcett, Lorrene D Ritchie, S Sonia Arteaga, Catherine M Loria, Russell R Pate, Lisa V John, Warren J Strauss, Maria Gregoriou, Vicki L Collie-Akers, Jerry A Schultz, Andrew J Landgraf, Jyothi Nagaraja
INTRODUCTION: Evidence regarding impact of community policies and programs (CPPs) to prevent child obesity is limited, and which combinations of strategies and components are most important is not understood. The Healthy Communities Study was an observational study to assess relationships of characteristics and intensity of CPPs with adiposity, diet, and physical activity in children, taking advantage of variation across the U.S. in community actions to prevent child obesity. The study examined the association of CPPs to prevent child obesity with measured BMI and waist circumference, hypothesizing that communities with more-comprehensive CPPs would have children with lower adiposity...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688727/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-in-u-s-hispanic-youth-a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-interventions
#14
REVIEW
Jessica L McCurley, Margaret A Crawford, Linda C Gallo
CONTEXT: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in youth has increased rapidly in recent decades along with rises in childhood obesity. Disparities in risk and prevalence of T2DM are evident in Hispanic youth when compared with non-Hispanic whites. Targeted diabetes prevention programs have been recommended to reduce risk prior to adulthood in this population. This systematic review explores the effectiveness of lifestyle-based diabetes prevention interventions for Hispanic youth...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688726/associations-between-county-wealth-health-and-social-services-spending-and-health-outcomes
#15
J Mac McCullough, Jonathon P Leider
INTRODUCTION: Each year, the County Health Rankings rate the health outcomes of each county in the U.S. A common refrain is that poor counties perform worse than wealthier ones. This article examines that assumption and specifically analyzes characteristics of counties that have performed better in terms of health outcomes than their wealth alone would suggest. METHODS: Data from the 2013 County Health Rankings were used, as were 2012 financial and demographic information collected by the U...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688725/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-on-patients-social-and-economic-needs
#16
REVIEW
Laura M Gottlieb, Holly Wing, Nancy E Adler
CONTEXT: Healthcare systems are experimenting increasingly with interventions to address patients' social and economic needs. This systematic review examines how often and how rigorously interventions bridging social and medical care have been evaluated. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The review included literature from PubMed published between January 2000 and February 2017. Additional studies were identified by reference searches and consulting local experts. Included studies were based in the U...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676254/patient-navigation-for-colonoscopy-completion-results-of-an-rct
#17
Amy DeGroff, Paul C Schroy, Kerry Grace Morrissey, Beth Slotman, Elizabeth A Rohan, James Bethel, Jennifer Murillo, Weijia Ren, Shelley Niwa, Steven Leadbetter, Djenaba Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in the U.S. Although screening reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality, screening rates among U.S. adults remain less than optimal, especially among disadvantaged populations. This study examined the efficacy of patient navigation to increase colonoscopy screening. STUDY DESIGN: RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 843 low-income adults, primarily Hispanic and non-Hispanic blacks, aged 50-75 years referred for colonoscopy at Boston Medical Center were randomized into the intervention (n=429) or control (n=427) groups...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669566/recent-patterns-in-genetic-testing-for-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-the-u-s
#18
Xuesong Han, Ahmedin Jemal
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in BRCA genes are strongly associated with increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer, and it is recommended that women at high risk for these mutations be referred for genetic counseling and testing. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) provision implemented in 2010 eliminated cost sharing for BRCA genetic testing for privately insured women with family history of BRCA-related cancers. METHODS: Using a nationally representative sample from the National Health Interview Survey, this study examined trends in genetic testing for breast and ovarian cancer risk from 2005 to 2015 among women by family history and insurance status...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669565/helmet-use-among-personal-bicycle-riders-and-bike-share-users-in-vancouver-bc
#19
Moreno Zanotto, Meghan L Winters
INTRODUCTION: Public bike share users have low prevalence of helmet use, and few public bike share systems make helmets available. In summer 2016, a public bike share system launched in Vancouver, BC. Each bicycle is equipped with a free helmet, in response to BC's all-ages compulsory helmet law. This study assessed the prevalence of helmet use among adult cyclists on personal and public bicycles in Vancouver. METHODS: A survey of adult cyclists (age estimated at ≥16 years) at five screen line sites and at 15 public bike share docking stations was conducted...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666774/birth-order-and-injury-related-infant-mortality-in-the-u-s
#20
Katherine A Ahrens, Lauren M Rossen, Marie E Thoma, Margaret Warner, Alan E Simon
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of death during the first year of life due to injury, such as unintentional injury and homicide, by birth order in the U.S. METHODS: Using national birth cohort-linked birth-infant death data (births, 2000-2010; deaths, 2000-2011), risks of infant mortality due to injury in second-, third-, fourth-, and fifth or later-born singleton infants were compared with first-born singleton infants. Risk ratios were estimated using log-binomial models adjusted for maternal age, marital status, race/ethnicity, and education...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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