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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928039/vaccination-coverage-of-adolescents-with-chronic-medical-conditions
#1
Annika M Hofstetter, Stewin Camargo, Karthik Natarajan, Susan L Rosenthal, Melissa S Stockwell
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with chronic medical conditions (CMCs) are at increased risk of vaccine-preventable infections. Little is known about their vaccine uptake. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 3,989 adolescents aged 11-17 years receiving care at academically affiliated pediatric clinics between August 2011 and June 2013. Data were abstracted from the medical center's electronic health record and immunization registry in 2014. Vaccination coverage, timeliness, and missed opportunities were evaluated and analyzed in 2015-2016...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928038/reach-and-effectiveness-of-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-for-young-women
#2
Natalie D Ritchie, Katherine A Sauder, Stefka Fabbri
INTRODUCTION: Reducing obesity and diabetes risks among women of child-bearing age is urgently needed to halt the transgenerational cycle of disease. Interventions among pregnant women have largely been ineffective and may be initiated too late to improve maternal and child health. The National Diabetes Prevention Program is a widely disseminated lifestyle intervention that may help mitigate risks before pregnancy. However, the program has targeted relatively older adults, and effectiveness among women of child-bearing age remains largely unknown...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928037/childhood-maltreatment-and-bmi-trajectory-the-mediating-role-of-depression
#3
Rebecca M Sacks, Erin Takemoto, Sarah Andrea, Nathan F Dieckmann, Katherine W Bauer, Janne Boone-Heinonen
INTRODUCTION: Childhood maltreatment is associated with later obesity, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The objective of this study was to estimate the extent to which depression mediates the associations between childhood maltreatment and BMI in adolescence through adulthood. METHODS: Data on a cohort of 13,362 adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Wave I [1994-1995] to Wave IV [2008-2009]) were analyzed in 2015-2016...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928036/vitamin-d-and-blood-pressure-among-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-examination-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#4
Abhishek Vishnu, Vasudha Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: The cross-sectional association of serum vitamin D levels with blood pressure and hypertension status among a representative sample of U.S. adults was examined. METHODS: Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2001 to 2010 were included in these analyses. Harmonizing of the vitamin D levels from 2001 to 2006 with vitamin D measurement from 2007 to 2010 was done using regression equations released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919342/mothers-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-their-young-children-s-development
#5
Jing Sun, Falguni Patel, Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Deborah A Frank, Maureen M Black, Mariana Chilton
INTRODUCTION: This study examined how mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) relate to their children's developmental risk and assessed how the association is mediated through mothers' depressive symptoms and fair/poor health. METHODS: Mothers of children aged between 4 months and 4 years were recruited from the emergency department of a children's hospital between March 2012 and June 2015 and interviewed about ACEs, mothers' depressive symptoms and health status, and children's developmental risk (screened via Parents' Evaluations of Developmental Status [PEDS])...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870665/association-of-paid-sick-leave-laws-with-foodborne-illness-rates
#6
Charleen Hsuan, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Kat DeBurgh, Dawn M Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest an association between paid sick leave (PSL) and better population health, including fewer infectious and nosocomial gastrointestinal disease outbreaks. Yet few studies examine whether laws requiring employers to offer PSL demonstrate a similar association. This mixed-methods study examined whether laws requiring employers to provide PSL are associated with decreased foodborne illness rates, particularly laws that are more supportive of employees taking leave...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869093/the-guide-to-community-preventive-services-and-disability-inclusion
#7
Cynthia F Hinton, Lewis E Kraus, T Anne Richards, Michael H Fox, Vincent A Campbell
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 40 million people in the U.S. identify as having a serious disability, and people with disabilities experience many health disparities compared with the general population. The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) identifies evidence-based programs and policies recommended by the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) to promote health and prevent disease. The Community Guide was assessed to answer the questions: are Community Guide public health intervention recommendations applicable to people with disabilities, and are adaptations required? METHODS: An assessment of 91 recommendations from The Community Guide was conducted for 15 health topics by qualitative analysis involving three data approaches: an integrative literature review (years 1980-2011), key informant interviews, and focus group discussion during 2011...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869092/oral-health-promoting-school-environments-and-dental-caries-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-children
#8
Anu Edasseri, Tracie A Barnett, Khady Kâ, Mélanie Henderson, Belinda Nicolau
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries are highly prevalent among children and have negative health consequences. Their occurrence may depend in part on school-based environmental or policy-related factors, but few researchers have explored this subject. This study aimed to identify oral health promoting school environment types and estimate their relation with 2-year dental caries incidence among Québec children aged 8-10 years. METHODS: This study used data from two visits (completed in 2008 and 2011) of the QUALITY (Québec Adipose Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) cohort, which recruited white children at risk of obesity and their families from Greater Montreal schools...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869091/potential-functional-benefit-from-light-intensity-physical-activity-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Daniel K White, Jungwha Lee, Jing Song, Rowland W Chang, Dorothy Dunlop
INTRODUCTION: Knee pain may preclude participation in higher intensity physical activity in people with knee osteoarthritis and benefits of light activity are unclear. The effect of replacing sedentary time with light intensity activity on incident functional limitation 2 years later was investigated. METHODS: Included were people with or at high risk of knee osteoarthritis without baseline functional limitation using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative collected between August 2008 and July 2010...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869090/ses-chronic-kidney-disease-and-race-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Priya Vart, Sander K R van Zon, Ron T Gansevoort, Ute Bültmann, Sijmen A Reijneveld
CONTEXT: The risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the U.S. is higher in individuals with low SES than in those with high SES. However, differences in these risks between African Americans and whites are unclear. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Studies published through August 30, 2016 in Medline and EMBASE were searched. From the seven studies (1,775,267 participants) that met inclusion criteria, association estimates were pooled by race in meta-analysis. The ratio of association estimates and the corresponding 95% CIs for African Americans and whites were also pooled in meta-analysis...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869089/translating-economic-evidence-for-public-health-knowledge-brokers-and-the-interactive-systems-framework
#11
Richard W Puddy, Diane M Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867143/text4baby-influenza-messaging-and-influenza-vaccination-among-pregnant-women
#12
Jessica A Bushar, Juliette S Kendrick, Helen Ding, Carla L Black, Stacie M Greby
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant women are at risk for severe influenza-related complications; however, only 52% reported receiving an influenza vaccination during the 2013-2014 influenza season. Text4baby, a free national text service, provides influenza vaccination education and reminders to pregnant women. This study examined reported influenza vaccination during pregnancy among Text4baby participants who reported receiving influenza messages and women who reported never participating in Text4baby...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864128/residential-green-space-quantity-and-quality-and-child-well-being-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
INTRODUCTION: There are few studies on the potential benefits of green space quantity and quality for child well-being. The authors hypothesized that more and better quality residential green space would be favorable for well-being and that these associations could be subject to effect modification across childhood. METHOD: Multilevel linear regression adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic confounders was used to track change in well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Total Difficulties Score and "internalizing" and "externalizing" subscales) across five separate occasions among a cohort of 4,968 Australian children aged 4-5 years beginning in 2004...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864129/the-potential-for-federal-preemption-of-state-and-local-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes
#14
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Dariush Mozaffarian, Renata Micha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843945/the-foundational-public-health-services-as-a-framework-for-estimating-spending
#15
Beth A Resnick, Jessica S Fisher, Ian P Colrick, Jonathon P Leider
INTRODUCTION: In support of the nation's effort to address rising healthcare costs and improve healthcare outcomes, the National Academy of Medicine called for a minimum package of public health services available in every community to protect and improve population health and identification of the resources needed to make these services universally available. In response, the Foundational Public Health Services (FPHS) framework was developed to outline a basic set of public health programs and capabilities...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886964/prevalence-and-trends-in-lifetime-obesity-in-the-u-s-1988-2014
#16
Andrew Stokes, Yu Ni, Samuel H Preston
INTRODUCTION: Estimates of obesity prevalence based on current BMI are an important but incomplete indicator of the total effects of obesity on a population. METHODS: In this study, data on current BMI and maximum BMI were used to estimate prevalence and trends in lifetime obesity status, defined using the categories never (maximum BMI ≤30 kg/m(2)), former (maximum BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) and current BMI ≤30 kg/m(2)), and current obesity (current BMI ≥30 kg/m(2))...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886963/current-high-intensity-drinking-among-eighth-and-tenth-grade-students-in-the-u-s
#17
Megan E Patrick, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Richard A Miech, Patrick M O'Malley, John E Schulenberg, Lloyd D Johnston
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the prevalence of current high-intensity drinking (i.e., having ten or more drinks in a row in the past 2 weeks) among national samples of U.S. eighth and tenth grade students (at modal ages 14 and 16 years, respectively). METHODS: Data on high-intensity drinking were provided by 10,210 students participating in the nationally representative Monitoring the Future study in 2016, and analyzed in 2016-2017. Prevalence levels and interactions between grade and key covariates were estimated using procedures that adjusted for the Monitoring the Future study's complex sampling design...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864130/characteristics-of-adults-who-switched-from-cigarette-smoking-to-e-cigarettes
#18
Su Hyun Park, Dustin T Duncan, Omar El Shahawy, Lily Lee, Jenni A Shearston, Kosuke Tamura, Scott E Sherman, Michael Weitzman
INTRODUCTION: Because of the rapidly increasing use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), this study aimed to investigate the individual characteristics and state-level prevalence of U.S. adults who have switched to e-cigarettes from traditional cigarettes. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Surveys were analyzed in 2016. Relative percent change in switching was estimated, and the state-specific prevalence of adults who switched to e-cigarettes from traditional cigarettes was calculated and mapped...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864127/graduated-driver-licensing-for-older-novice-drivers-critical-analysis-of-the-issues
#19
Allison E Curry, Robert D Foss, Allan F Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826950/social-stress-and-substance-use-disparities-by-sexual-orientation-among-high-school-students
#20
Richard Lowry, Michelle M Johns, Leah E Robin, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority youth often experience increased social stress due to prejudice, discrimination, harassment, and victimization. Increased stress may help explain the disproportionate use of substances like tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drug use by sexual minority youth. This study examined the effect of social stress on substance use disparities by sexual orientation among U.S. high school students. METHODS: In 2016, data from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, conducted among a nationally representative sample of 15,624 U...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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