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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094135/diabetes-prevention-program-translation-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#1
Tannaz Moin, Laura J Damschroder, Mona AuYoung, Matthew L Maciejewski, Santanu K Datta, Jane E Weinreb, Nanette I Steinle, Charles Billington, Maria Hughes, Fatima Makki, Robert G Holleman, H Myra Kim, Amy S Jeffreys, Linda S Kinsinger, Jennifer A Burns, Caroline R Richardson
INTRODUCTION: This clinical demonstration trial compared the effectiveness of the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Prevention Program (VA-DPP) with an evidence-based usual care weight management program (MOVE!(®)) in the Veterans Health Administration health system. DESIGN: Prospective, pragmatic, non-randomized comparative effectiveness study of two behavioral weight management interventions. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Obese/overweight Veterans with prediabetes were recruited from three geographically diverse VA sites between 2012 and 2014...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094134/cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-after-cares-a-community-program-for-immigrant-and-marginalized-women
#2
Sheila F Dunn, Aisha K Lofters, Ophira M Ginsburg, Christopher A Meaney, Farah Ahmad, M Catherine Moravac, Cam Tu Janet Nguyen, Angela M Arisz
INTRODUCTION: Marginalized populations such as immigrants and refugees are less likely to receive cancer screening. Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES), a multifaceted community-based program in Toronto, Canada, aimed to improve breast and cervical screening among marginalized women. This matched cohort study assessed the impact of CARES on cervical and mammography screening among under-screened/never screened (UNS) attendees. METHODS: Provincial administrative data collected from 1998 to 2014 and provided in 2015 were used to match CARES participants who were age eligible for screening to three controls matched for age, geography, and pre-education screening status...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094133/transgender-use-of-cigarettes-cigars-and-e-cigarettes-in-a-national-study
#3
Francisco O Buchting, Kristen T Emory, Scout, Yoonsang Kim, Pebbles Fagan, Lisa E Vera, Sherry Emery
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among transgender adults continues to be an area of research with few reported findings. The limited literature indicates higher cigarette use among transgender adults, compared with the general population. This national study is the first to report on cigarettes, cigars, and e-cigarettes by examining differences in transgender tobacco use independent of sexual orientation. METHODS: Data were collected in 2013 using a nationally cross-sectional online survey of U...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089492/a-safer-healthier-u-s-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-2009-2016
#4
EDITORIAL
Thomas R Frieden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082001/the-built-environment-and-cognitive-disorders-results-from-the-cognitive-function-and-ageing-study-ii
#5
Yu-Tzu Wu, A Matthew Prina, Andy Jones, Fiona E Matthews, Carol Brayne
INTRODUCTION: Built environment features have been related to behavior modification and might stimulate cognitive activity with a potential impact on cognitive health in later life. This study investigated cross-sectional associations between features of land use and cognitive impairment and dementia, and also explored urban and rural differences in these associations. METHODS: Postcodes of the 7,505 community-based participants (aged ≥65 years) in the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study II (collected in 2008-2011) were linked to environmental data from government statistics...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082000/exercise-intensity-and-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-the-sun-project
#6
María Hidalgo-Santamaria, Alejandro Fernandez-Montero, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Laura Moreno-Galarraga, Almudena Sanchez-Villegas, María T Barrio-Lopez, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence suggests that vigorous physical activity may be associated with higher cardioprotective benefits than moderate physical activity. This study aimed to assess the long-term relationship between the intensity of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: The Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project comprises Spanish university graduates. Participants (n=10,145) initially free of MS were followed for a minimum of 6 years (2008-2014)...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081999/influence-of-the-flavored-cigarette-ban-on-adolescent-tobacco-use
#7
Charles J Courtemanche, Makayla K Palmer, Michael F Pesko
INTRODUCTION: This paper estimated the association between the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's 2009 ban on flavored cigarettes (which did not apply to menthol cigarettes or tobacco products besides cigarettes) and adolescents' tobacco use. METHODS: Regression modeling was used to evaluate tobacco use before and after the ban. The analyses controlled for a quadratic time trend, demographic variables, prices of cigarettes and other tobacco products, and teenage unemployment rate...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073656/preventive-health-behavior-change-text-message-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Ashleigh A Armanasco, Yvette D Miller, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Alison L Marshall
CONTEXT: Existing evidence shows that text message interventions can produce short-term health behavior change. However, understanding is limited regarding intervention characteristics moderating this effect or the long-term effectiveness of text message interventions on behavior change after contact stops. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE, PubMed Central, ERIC, PsycINFO, and Web of Science were searched for articles published between April 2008 and December 2014 that evaluated an intervention targeting preventive health behaviors, delivered primarily by text message...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081998/parent-s-physical-activity-associated-with-preschooler-activity-in-underserved-populations
#9
Shari L Barkin, Archana P Lamichhane, Jorge A Banda, Meghan M JaKa, Maciej S Buchowski, Kelly R Evenson, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Charlotte Pratt, Simone A French, June Stevens
INTRODUCTION: In the U.S., children from low-income families are more likely to be obese. The impact of parent modeling of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors in low-income American ethnic minorities is unclear, and studies examining objective measures of preschooler and parent PA are sparse. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined 1,003 parent-child pairs who were of low income, largely Latino and African American, and living in one of two geographically disparate metropolitan areas in the U...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062275/put-the-family-back-in-family-health-history-a-multiple-informant-approach
#10
Jielu Lin, Christopher S Marcum, Melanie F Myers, Laura M Koehly
INTRODUCTION: An accurate family health history is essential for individual risk assessment. This study uses a multiple-informant approach to examine whether family members have consistent perceptions of shared familial risk for four common chronic conditions (heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension) and whether accounting for inconsistency in family health history reports leads to more accurate risk assessment. METHODS: In 2012-2013, individual and family health histories were collected from 127 adult informants of 45 families in the Greater Cincinnati Area...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062274/reproducibility-of-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time
#11
Sarah Kozey Keadle, Eric J Shiroma, Masamitsu Kamada, Charles E Matthews, Tamara B Harris, I-Min Lee
INTRODUCTION: Accelerometers are used increasingly in large epidemiologic studies, but, given logistic and cost constraints, most studies are restricted to a single, 7-day accelerometer monitoring period. It is unknown how well a 7-day accelerometer monitoring period estimates longer-term patterns of behavior, which is critical for interpreting, and potentially improving, disease risk estimates in etiologic studies. METHODS: A subset of participants from the Women's Health Study (N=209; mean age, 70...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062273/sexual-orientation-and-sleep-in-the-u-s-a-national-profile
#12
Jen-Hao Chen, Cheng-Shi Shiu
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minorities often experience poorer health than non-sexual minorities. However, extant knowledge remains limited regarding the sleep characteristics, a risk factor for chronic diseases and excess mortality, of sexual minorities compared with non-sexual minorities at the population level. METHODS: This study analyzed the 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey, Adult Sample (n=68,960) to examine the reported sleep duration and sleep disturbances (i...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062272/disclosing-genetic-risk-for-coronary-heart-disease-attitudes-toward-personal-information-in-health-records
#13
Sherry-Ann Brown, Hayan Jouni, Tariq S Marroush, Iftikhar J Kullo
INTRODUCTION: Incorporating genetic risk information in electronic health records (EHRs) will facilitate implementation of genomic medicine in clinical practice. However, little is known about patients' attitudes toward incorporation of genetic risk information as a component of personal health information in EHRs. This study investigated whether disclosure of a genetic risk score (GRS) for coronary heart disease influences attitudes toward incorporation of personal health information including genetic risk in EHRs...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062271/a-trial-of-financial-and-social-incentives-to-increase-older-adults-walking
#14
Kristin A Harkins, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Scarlett L Bellamy, Jason Karlawish, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Despite evidence that regular physical activity confers health benefits, physical activity rates among older adults remain low. Both personal and social goals may enhance older adults' motivation to become active. This study tested the effects of financial incentives, donations to charity, and the combined effects of both interventions on older adults' uptake and retention of increased levels of walking. STUDY DESIGN: RCT comparing three interventions to control...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089130/trends-in-nutrient-content-of-children-s-menu-items-in-u-s-chain-restaurants
#15
Alyssa J Moran, Jason P Block, Simo G Goshev, Sara N Bleich, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: Restaurant food is widely consumed by children and is associated with poor diet quality. Although many restaurants have made voluntary commitments to improve the nutritional quality of children's menus, it is unclear whether this has led to meaningful changes. METHODS: Nutrients in children's menu items (n=4,016) from 45 chain restaurants were extracted from the nutrition information database MenuStat. Bootstrapped mixed linear models estimated changes in mean calories, saturated fat, and sodium in children's menu items between 2012 and 2013, 2014, and 2015...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065516/ignition-interlock-laws-effects-on-fatal-motor-vehicle-crashes-1982-2013
#16
Emma E McGinty, Gregory Tung, Juliana Shulman-Laniel, Rose Hardy, Lainie Rutkow, Shannon Frattaroli, Jon S Vernick
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol-involved motor vehicle crashes are a major cause of preventable mortality in the U.S., leading to more than 10,000 fatalities in 2013. Ignition interlocks, or alcohol-sensing devices connected to a vehicle's ignition to prevent it from starting if a driver has a predetermined blood alcohol content (BAC) level, are a promising avenue for preventing alcohol-involved driving. This study sought to assess the effects of laws requiring ignition interlocks for some or all drunk driving offenders on alcohol-involved fatal crashes...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012814/parental-reported-full-influenza-vaccination-coverage-of-children-in-the-u-s
#17
Yusheng Zhai, Tammy A Santibanez, Katherine E Kahn, Anup Srivastav
INTRODUCTION: Depending upon influenza vaccination history, children aged 6 months-8 years need one or two doses of influenza vaccine to be considered fully vaccinated. The objectives of this study were to quantify the percentage of children aged 6 months-8 years who were fully vaccinated against influenza based on parental report, overall, by state, and by sociodemographic characteristics, and to examine sociodemographic characteristics associated with being fully vaccinated. METHODS: Data from the National Immunization Survey-Flu for the 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 influenza seasons were analyzed in 2015 using the Kaplan-Meier method to produce vaccination coverage estimates...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012813/preventive-medicine-s-identity-crisis
#18
Paul Jung, Boris D Lushniak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012812/disparities-in-tuberculosis-treatment-completion-by-incarceration-status-u-s-1999-2011
#19
Kiren Mitruka, Tyson Volkmann, Robert H Pratt, J Steve Kammerer
INTRODUCTION: Treatment completion is the cornerstone of tuberculosis (TB) control strategy globally. Although the majority of reported TB cases in the U.S. have documented treatment completion, individuals diagnosed while incarcerated are less likely to have documentation of whether or not they completed treatment. This study assessed trends and correlates of no documented treatment completion among individuals incarcerated at diagnosis. METHODS: U.S. National TB Surveillance System (1999-2011) data on cases eligible for treatment completion were analyzed during 2014-2015...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012811/denominator-issues-for-personally-generated-data-in-population-health-monitoring
#20
Rumi Chunara, Lauren E Wisk, Elissa R Weitzman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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