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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325517/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-20-year-physical-activity-trends-among-women
#1
Ashley Winning, Paola Gilsanz, Karestan C Koenen, Andrea L Roberts, Qixuan Chen, Jennifer A Sumner, Eric B Rimm, M Maria Glymour, Laura D Kubzansky
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with physical inactivity, a modifiable lifestyle factor that contributes to risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; however, no study has evaluated the association between PTSD onset and subsequent physical activity (PA) changes. METHOD: Analyses were conducted between October 2014 and April 2016, using data from the ongoing Nurses' Health Study II (N=50,327). Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms were assessed using two previously validated measures, the Brief Trauma Questionnaire and Short Screening Scale for DSM-IV PTSD...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318901/divergent-responses-to-mammography-and-prostate-specific-antigen-recommendations
#2
Kathryn A Martinez, Michael B Rothberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314557/neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-weight-change-in-a-large-u-s-cohort
#3
Qian Xiao, David Berrigan, Sarah K Keadle, Charles E Matthews
INTRODUCTION: Both excessive weight gain and weight loss are important risk factors in the older population. Neighborhood environment may play an important role in weight change, but neighborhood effects on weight gain and weight loss have not been studied separately. This study examined the associations between neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and excessive weight gain and weight loss. METHODS: This analysis included 153,690 men and 105,179 women (aged 51-70 years)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314558/a-patient-and-provider-research-agenda-on-diabetes-and-hypertension-management
#4
Emily B Zimmerman, Sarah K Cook, Amber D Haley, Steven H Woolf, Sarah K Price, Danielle Berman, Thomas DeLeire, Rebecca Etz, Jag Khalsa, Kirsten Knutson, Kathryn Kolasa, Alex Krist, Anton Kuzel, Pearl Lee, Theresa J Nartea, Gretchen Piatt, Hilary Seligman, Joni Strom Williams, Josh Brown, Jennifer Early, Jill Hellman, Julie Karr, Megan Kervin, Isra Malik, Albert Walker, Sheila Goode, Danita Gregory, Sharon Herman, Brenda Kenney, Chimere Miles, Audrey Smith, Travis White
INTRODUCTION: A demonstration project in Richmond, Virginia involved patients and other stakeholders in the creation of a research agenda on dietary and behavioral management of diabetes and hypertension. Given the impact of these diseases on morbidity and mortality, considerable research has been directed at the challenges patients face in chronic disease management. The continuing need to understand disparities and find evidence-based interventions to improve outcomes has been fruitful, but disparities and unmet needs persist...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318902/flavored-tobacco-product-use-in-youth-and-adults-findings-from-the-first-wave-of-the-path-study-2013-2014
#5
Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Bridget K Ambrose, K Michael Cummings, Cassandra A Stanton, Shyanika W Rose, Shari P Feirman, Cindy Tworek, Allison M Glasser, Jennifer L Pearson, Amy M Cohn, Kevin P Conway, Raymond S Niaura, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Andrew Hyland
INTRODUCTION: The 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act banned characterizing flavors other than menthol in cigarettes but did not restrict their use in other forms of tobacco (e.g., smokeless, cigars, hookah, e-cigarettes). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of Wave 1 data from 45,971 U.S. adults and youth, aged ≥12 years in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study collected in 2013-2014, was conducted in 2016. This study examined (1) the prevalence and reasons for use of flavored tobacco products; (2) the proportion of ever tobacco users reporting that their first product was flavored; and (3) correlates of current flavored tobacco product use...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284747/positive-psychosocial-factors-in-childhood-predicting-lower-risk-for-adult-type-2-diabetes-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study-1980-2012
#6
Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Jari Lipsanen, Laura D Kubzansky, Mirka Hintsanen, Kateryna Savelieva, Anna Serlachius, Costan G Magnussen, Matthew A Sabin, David P Burgner, Terho Lehtimäki, Eero Jokinen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Vera Mikkilä, Antti Jula, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Olli Raitakari, Markus Juonala
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a public health concern, but psychosocial factors that may protect against the disease are unknown. This study examines whether a positive psychosocial environment in childhood is associated with lower risk for Type 2 diabetes in adulthood or healthier glucose trajectories over the life course, and whether BMI mediates the associations. METHODS: A cohort of 3,596 Finnish children was followed into adulthood over 32 years. An overall positive psychosocial score, consisting of six subdomains, was measured at study baseline (1980)...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284748/sexual-and-behavioral-health-disparities-among-sexual-minority-hispanics-latinos-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#7
Omar Martinez, Ji Hyun Lee, Frank Bandiera, E Karina Santamaria, Ethan C Levine, Don Operario
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics/Latinos (henceforth, Latinos) are the largest minority group in the U.S. With growing health disparities among this group, the highest burden remains among sexual and gender minority Latinos. Differences regarding sexual orientation have not been fully explored within this group using national representative samples. This study analyzed sexual and behavioral health disparities associated with sexual minority status among Latinos in the U.S. METHODS: The study included data from 5,598 Latino adults who participated in the 2001-2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284746/recent-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-patterns-among-baby-boomers
#8
Ahmedin Jemal, Stacey A Fedewa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279546/rct-testing-bystander-effectiveness-to-reduce-violence
#9
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Patricia G Cook-Craig, Sarah A DeGue, Emily R Clear, Candace J Brancato, Bonnie S Fisher, Eileen A Recktenwald
INTRODUCTION: Bystander-based programs have shown promise to reduce interpersonal violence at colleges, yet limited rigorous evaluations have addressed bystander intervention effectiveness in high schools. This study evaluated the Green Dot bystander intervention to reduce sexual violence and related forms of interpersonal violence in 26 high schools over 5 years. DESIGN: A cluster RCT was conducted. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Kentucky high schools were randomized to intervention or control (wait list) conditions...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258777/multiple-risk-behavior-interventions-meta-analyses-of-rcts
#10
REVIEW
Nick Meader, Kristelle King, Kath Wright, Hilary M Graham, Mark Petticrew, Chris Power, Martin White, Amanda J Sowden
CONTEXT: Multiple risk behaviors are common and associated with developing chronic conditions such as heart disease, cancer, or Type 2 diabetes. A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression of the effectiveness of multiple risk behavior interventions was conducted. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Six electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched to August 2016. RCTs of non-pharmacologic interventions in general adult populations were selected...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256284/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-uptake-increase-for-american-indian-adolescents-2013-2015
#11
Jasmine L Jacobs-Wingo, Cheyenne C Jim, Amy V Groom
INTRODUCTION: Although Indian Health Service, tribally-operated, and urban Indian (I/T/U) healthcare facilities have higher human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series initiation and completion rates among adolescent patients aged 13-17 years than the general U.S. population, challenges remain. I/T/U facilities have lower coverage for HPV vaccine first dose compared with coverage for other adolescent vaccines, and HPV vaccine series completion rates are lower than initiation rates. Researchers aimed to assist I/T/U facilities in identifying interventions to increase HPV vaccination series initiation and completion rates...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256283/cooking-at-home-a-strategy-to-comply-with-u-s-dietary-guidelines-at-no-extra-cost
#12
Arpita Tiwari, Anju Aggarwal, Wesley Tang, Adam Drewnowski
INTRODUCTION: Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality. This study examined the frequency of home-cooked dinners versus eating out in relation to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and food expenditures. METHODS: The Seattle Obesity Study used a stratified random sample of 437 King County adults. In-person computer-assisted interviews collected sociodemographic and behavioral data during 2011-2013. HEI-2010 and 2005 were computed using Food Frequency Questionnaires...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285828/national-and-state-trends-in-sales-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-u-s-2011-2015
#13
Kristy L Marynak, Doris G Gammon, Brian A King, Brett R Loomis, Erika B Fulmer, Teresa W Wang, Todd Rogers
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, self-reported cigarette smoking has declined among youth and adults, while electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has increased. However, sales trends for these products are less certain. This study assessed national and state patterns of U.S. cigarette and e-cigarette unit sales. METHODS: Trends in cigarette and e-cigarette unit sales were analyzed using retail scanner data from September 25, 2011 through January 9, 2016 for: (1) convenience stores; and (2) all other outlets combined, including supermarkets, mass merchandisers, drug, dollar, and club stores, and military commissaries (online, tobacco-only, and "vape" shops were not available)...
February 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279547/performance-of-a-random-glucose-case-finding-strategy-to-detect-undiagnosed-diabetes
#14
Michael E Bowen, Lei Xuan, Ildiko Lingvay, Ethan A Halm
INTRODUCTION: Random glucose <200 mg/dL is associated with undiagnosed diabetes but not included in screening guidelines. This study describes a case-finding approach using non-diagnostic random glucose values to identify individuals in need of diabetes testing and compares its performance to current screening guidelines. METHODS: In 2015, cross-sectional data from non-fasting adults without diagnosed diabetes or prediabetes (N=7,161) in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed...
February 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279545/social-media-use-and-perceived-social-isolation-among-young-adults-in-the-u-s
#15
Brian A Primack, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Erin O Whaite, Liu Yi Lin, Daniel Rosen, Jason B Colditz, Ana Radovic, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: Perceived social isolation (PSI) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Social media platforms, commonly used by young adults, may offer an opportunity to ameliorate social isolation. This study assessed associations between social media use (SMU) and PSI among U.S. young adults. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1,787 U.S. adults aged 19-32 years. They were recruited in October-November 2014 for a cross-sectional survey using a sampling frame that represented 97% of the U...
February 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237636/vaccine-education-of-medical-students-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Solen Kernéis, Caroline Jacquet, Aurélie Bannay, Thierry May, Odile Launay, Pierre Verger, Céline Pulcini, Pierre Abgueguen, Séverine Ansart, Firouzé Bani-Sadr, Aurélie Bannay, Louis Bernard, Elisabeth Botelho-Nevers, David Boutoille, Nadim Cassir, Charles Cazanave, Elisa Demonchy, Olivier Epaulard, Manuel Etienne, Emmanuel Faure, Caroline Jacquet, Odile Launay, Vincent Le Moing, Xavier Lescure, Zoha Maakaroun-Vermesse, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Thierry May, Frédéric Méchai, Guillaume Mellon, Marie-Caroline Meyohas, Lionel Piroth, Céline Pulcini, France Roblot, Jean-Luc Schmit, Albert Sotto, Pierre Tattevin, Renaud Verdon, Pierre Verger, Benjamin Wyplosz
Physicians play a primary role in vaccination of the population. Strong initial training of medical students is therefore essential to enable them to fulfill this role. This cross-sectional nationwide online survey conducted between September 2015 and January 2016 obtained 2,118 completed surveys from 6,690 eligible respondents (response rate, 32%) at 27 of 32 medical schools in France regarding their education about vaccination. The data were analyzed in April-June 2016. The survey covered their knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceptions, and assessed their level of perceived preparedness for their future practice as interns...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237635/prevent-dm-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-lifestyle-intervention-and-metformin
#17
Matthew J O'Brien, Alberly Perez, Adam B Scanlan, Victor A Alos, Robert C Whitaker, Gary D Foster, Ronald T Ackermann, Jody D Ciolino, Carol Homko
INTRODUCTION: Although the Diabetes Prevention Program and other clinical trials demonstrated the efficacy of intensive lifestyle interventions (ILI) and metformin to prevent type 2 diabetes, no studies have tested their comparative effects in pragmatic settings. This study was designed to compare the real-world effectiveness of ILI, metformin, and standard care among Hispanic women (Latinas) with prediabetes. STUDY DESIGN: RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two Latinas, who had a mean hemoglobin A1c of 5...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237634/geographic-information-systems-to-assess-external-validity-in-randomized-trials
#18
Margaret R Savoca, David A Ludwig, Stedman T Jones, K Jason Clodfelter, Joseph B Sloop, Linda Y Bollhalter, Alain G Bertoni
INTRODUCTION: To support claims that RCTs can reduce health disparities (i.e., are translational), it is imperative that methodologies exist to evaluate the tenability of external validity in RCTs when probabilistic sampling of participants is not employed. Typically, attempts at establishing post hoc external validity are limited to a few comparisons across convenience variables, which must be available in both sample and population. A Type 2 diabetes RCT was used as an example of a method that uses a geographic information system to assess external validity in the absence of a priori probabilistic community-wide diabetes risk sampling strategy...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237633/lifestyle-interventions-in-preschool-children-a-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness
#19
REVIEW
Jiying Ling, Lorraine B Robbins, Fujun Wen, Nanhua Zhang
CONTEXT: With healthy behaviors becoming established in the preschool years, intervening with preschool children to assist them in establishing a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a long-term healthy weight is critical. To optimize future intervention designs, this meta-analysis aimed to estimate the effects of lifestyle interventions on BMI among preschool children and explore potential intervention moderators. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In October 2015, a search of PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Cochrane library databases yielded 52 eligible articles with 42 randomized intervention-control comparisons (31 prevention and 11 treatment)...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236518/an-out-of-pocket-cost-removal-intervention-on-fecal-occult-blood-test-attendance
#20
Takahiro Tabuchi, Hiroshi Murayama, Takahiro Hoshino, Tomio Nakayama
INTRODUCTION: To date, no comparative study has assessed the impact of a cost-removal intervention on fecal occult blood testing (FOBT). In 2012, the Japanese government introduced a nationwide project to remove out-of-pocket costs for FOBT. The study objective was to evaluate the differential impact of the intervention on FOBT attendance in the total population and various subgroups. METHODS: This study analyzed 309,103 people in national, repeated cross-sectional studies, observed pre- and post-intervention (2010 and 2013), using covariate-adjusted difference-in-differences estimates to compare intervention and no-intervention groups...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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