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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625713/individual-and-area-level-ses-in-diabetes-risk-prediction-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#1
Paul J Christine, Rebekah Young, Sara D Adar, Alain G Bertoni, Michele Heisler, Mercedes R Carnethon, Rodney A Hayward, Ana V Diez Roux
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if adding SES to risk prediction models based upon traditional risk factors improves the prediction of diabetes. METHODS: Risk prediction models without and with individual- and area-level SES predictors were compared using the prospective Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Cox proportional hazards models were utilized to estimate hazard ratios for SES predictors and to generate 10-year predicted risks for 5,021 individuals without diabetes at baseline followed from 2000 to 2012...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641912/a-2-year-holistic-health-and-stress-intervention-results-of-an-rct-in-clergy
#2
Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Elizabeth L Turner, Gary G Bennett, Jia Yao, Xiang-Fang Li, David E Eagle, Rachel A Meyer, Redford B Williams, Robin Y Swift, H Edgar Moore, Melanie A Kolkin, Carl C Weisner, Katherine M Rugani, Holly J Hough, Virginia P Williams, David C Toole
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the effect of a 2-year, multicomponent health intervention (Spirited Life) targeting metabolic syndrome and stress simultaneously. DESIGN: An RCT using a three-cohort multiple baseline design was conducted in 2010-2014. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were United Methodist clergy in North Carolina, U.S., in 2010, invited based on occupational status. Of invited 1,745 clergy, 1,114 consented, provided baseline data, and were randomly assigned to immediate intervention (n=395), 1-year waitlist (n=283), or 2-year waitlist (n=436) cohorts for a 48-month trial duration...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602543/reduction-in-cardiovascular-risk-among-latino-participants-in-a-community-based-intervention-linked-with-clinical-care
#3
Mori J Krantz, Brenda Beaty, Stephanie Coronel-Mockler, Bonnie Leeman-Castillo, Kelly Fletcher, Raymond O Estacio
INTRODUCTION: Community Heart Health Actions for Latinos at Risk is a community health worker-led cardiovascular disease risk reduction program targeting low-income urban Latinos. The impact of community programs linked with clinical care has not been well characterized. METHODS: Community Heart Health Actions for Latinos at Risk provided 12 weeks of lifestyle education. Changes in risk factors were assessed before and after completion. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were used to determine factors associated with changes in risk factors...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602542/moderators-of-exercise-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-meta-regression
#4
REVIEW
Matthew P Herring, Karl M Fleming, Sara P Hayes, Robert W Motl, Susan B Coote
CONTEXT: This study examined the extent to which patient and trial characteristics moderate the effects of exercise on depressive symptoms among people with multiple sclerosis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Twenty-four effects were derived from 14 articles published before August 2016 located using Google Scholar, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science. Trials involved 624 people with multiple sclerosis and included both randomization to exercise training or a non-exercise control condition and measurement of depressive symptoms at baseline and at mid- and/or post-intervention...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619532/major-physical-health-conditions-and-risk-of-suicide
#5
Brian K Ahmedani, Edward L Peterson, Yong Hu, Rebecca C Rossom, Frances Lynch, Christine Y Lu, Beth E Waitzfelder, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Samuel Hubley, Deepak Prabhakar, L Keoki Williams, Nicole Zeld, Elizabeth Mutter, Arne Beck, Dennis Tolsma, Gregory E Simon
INTRODUCTION: Most individuals make healthcare visits before suicide, but many do not have a diagnosed mental health condition. This study seeks to investigate suicide risk among patients with a range of physical health conditions in a U.S. general population sample and whether risk persists after adjustment for mental health and substance use diagnoses. METHODS: This study included 2,674 individuals who died by suicide between 2000 and 2013 along with 267,400 controls matched on year and location in a case-control study conducted in 2016 across eight Mental Health Research Network healthcare systems...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601405/leisure-time-physical-activity-among-u-s-adults-with-arthritis-2008-2015
#6
Louise B Murphy, Jennifer M Hootman, Michael A Boring, Susan A Carlson, Jin Qin, Kamil E Barbour, Teresa J Brady, Charles G Helmick
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, leisure time physical activity among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years with and without arthritis was studied to provide estimates using contemporary guidelines (2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans) and population-based data (U.S. National Health Interview Survey). METHODS: Estimated prevalence of: (1) meeting aerobic, muscle strengthening, and both aerobic and muscle strengthening guidelines, by arthritis status, from 2008 to 2015; and (2) meeting guidelines across selected sociodemographic characteristics and health status and behaviors, among adults with arthritis, in 2015...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601404/meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-the-role-of-personal-networks-among-residents-of-low-income-communities
#7
Stephanie Child, Andrew T Kaczynski, Spencer Moore
INTRODUCTION: Despite known benefits of regular physical activity (PA), residents of low-income communities have disproportionately high rates of physical inactivity. Mounting evidence suggests that social network characteristics may be associated with health behaviors, including PA. The purpose of the current study was to examine associations between egocentric network characteristics and meeting PA guidelines among residents of low-income and predominantly African-American communities...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579331/temporary-removal-intersectionality-an-understudied-framework-for-addressing-weight-stigma
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545743/tdap-vaccination-among-healthcare-personnel-internet-panel-survey-2012-2014
#9
Anup Srivastav, Carla L Black, Peng-Jun Lu, Jun Zhang, Jennifer L Liang, Stacie M Greby
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare personnel (HCP) are at risk for pertussis infection exposure or transmitting the disease to patients in their work settings. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination for HCP to minimize these risks. This study assessed Tdap vaccination coverage among U.S. HCP by sociodemographic and occupation-related characteristics. METHODS: The 2012, 2013, and 2014 Internet Panel Surveys were analyzed in 2015 to assess HCP Tdap vaccination...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532659/two-year-healthy-eating-outcomes-an-rct-in-afterschool-programs
#10
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, Dianne S Ward, Darcy A Freedman, Aaron Beighle
INTRODUCTION: Across the U.S., afterschool programs (ASPs, 3:00pm-6:00pm) are trying to achieve nationally endorsed nutrition standards (Healthy Eating Standards) calling for fruits/vegetables and water to be served every day, while eliminating sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year changes in the types of foods and beverages served during a community-based intervention designed to achieve the Healthy Eating Standards. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized delayed treatment trial with an immediate (1-year baseline and 2-year intervention) or delayed (2-year baseline and 1-year intervention) group...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532658/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-pediatric-healthcare-visits-and-hospitalizations
#11
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) as measured by serum cotinine and healthcare utilization among children. METHODS: In 2016, the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed including 4,985 children aged 3-19 years. Associations between SHSe and having a routine place for healthcare, type of place, and hospital utilization were examined using logistic regression models. Poisson regression analyses assessed the relationship between SHSe and number of hospital admissions...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501239/economic-insecurity-and-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victimization
#12
Matthew J Breiding, Kathleen C Basile, Joanne Klevens, Sharon G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently found that low SES is associated with higher levels of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) victimization. Though associated with poverty, two indicators of economic insecurity, food and housing insecurity, have been identified as conceptually distinct social determinants of health. This study examined the relationship between food and housing insecurity experienced in the preceding 12 months and IPV and SV victimization experienced in the preceding 12 months, after controlling for SES and other demographic variables...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522236/parental-support-for-age-based-indoor-tanning-restrictions
#13
Melissa B Gilkey, Darren Mays, Maryam M Asgari, Melanie L Kornides, Annie-Laurie McRee
INTRODUCTION: Regulatory agencies, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, are considering policies to ban indoor tanning for youth aged <18 years. Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study assessed parental support for age-based bans as well as less restrictive parental permission requirements. METHODS: Data came from an online survey completed by 1,244 parents of adolescents aged 11-17 years. Weighted multivariable logistic regression models assessed correlates of supporting an indoor tanning ban for youth aged <18 years...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495222/job-characteristics-associated-with-self-rated-fair-or-poor-health-among-u-s-workers
#14
Sara E Luckhaupt, Toni Alterman, Jia Li, Geoffrey M Calvert
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 60% of the U.S. adult population is employed. Many aspects of a person's job may influence health, but it is unclear which job characteristics are most strongly associated with health at a population level. The purpose of this study was to identify important associations between job characteristics and workers' self-rated health in a nationally representative survey of U.S. workers. METHODS: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used to calculate weighted prevalence rates for self-reported fair/poor health for five categories of job characteristics: occupation; pay/benefits (economic); work organization; chemical/environmental hazards; and psychosocial factors...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495221/impact-of-provider-recommendation-on-tdap-vaccination-of-adolescents-aged-13-17-years
#15
Peng-Jun Lu, David Yankey, Jenny Jeyarajah, Alissa O'Halloran, Sarah A Meyer, Laurie D Elam-Evans, Sarah Reagan-Steiner
INTRODUCTION: Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination has been recommended for adolescents in the U.S. since 2006. Information on Tdap vaccination by provider recommendation is limited. The purpose of this study is to assess recent Tdap vaccination by provider recommendation status among adolescents aged 13-17 years. METHODS: The 2013 National Immunization Survey-Teen data (N=18,948) were analyzed in 2016 to assess national and state-specific Tdap vaccination coverage disparities among adolescents by provider recommendation status, and other demographic and access to care variables...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495220/other-tobacco-product-use-among-sexual-minority-young-adult-bar-patrons
#16
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals smoke at rates 1.5-2 times higher than the general population, but less is known about LGB consumption of other tobacco products (OTPs) and gender differences. OTP use among young adult LGB bar patrons and the relationship among past quit attempts, intention to quit, and binge drinking with OTP use was examined. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of young adults (aged 18-26) in bars/nightclubs in seven U...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495219/increases-in-use-and-activity-due-to-urban-renewal-effect-of-a-natural-experiment
#17
Henriette Bondo Andersen, Lars Breum Christiansen, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is scarce. DESIGN: A natural experiment with a pre-experimental design was used with data collected in 2010 and 2012 before and after an urban renewal...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522237/u-s-hiv-incidence-and-transmission-goals-2020-and-2025
#18
Robert A Bonacci, David R Holtgrave
INTRODUCTION: The recently updated U.S. National HIV/AIDS Strategy sets key HIV prevention and care targets for 2020, but the trajectory of the epidemic remains unclear. Authors modeled HIV incidence, prevalence, and mortality for the U.S. over 10 years to determine whether an ambitious trajectory toward "ending AIDS" by 2025 would be achievable. METHODS: Authors utilized recently published 2010-2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance data to model HIV incidence, prevalence, and mortality...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483301/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-risk-toward-comprehensive-prevention
#19
Katie A Ports, Melissa T Merrick, Deborah M Stone, Natalie J Wilkins, Jerry Reed, Julie Ebin, Derek C Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495223/feasibility-of-text-message-influenza-vaccine-safety-monitoring-during-pregnancy
#20
Melissa S Stockwell, Maria Cano, Kathleen Jakob, Karen R Broder, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Paula M Castaño, Paige Lewis, Angela Barrett, Oidda I Museru, Ormarys Castellanos, Philip S LaRussa
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility and accuracy of text messaging to monitor events after influenza vaccination throughout pregnancy and the neonatal period has not been studied, but may be important for seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines and future maternal vaccines. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted during 2013-2014 and analyzed in 2015-2016. Enrolled pregnant women receiving inactivated influenza vaccination at a gestational age <20 weeks were sent text messages intermittently through participant-reported pregnancy end to request fever, health events, and neonatal outcomes...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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