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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Melissa T Merrick, Kathleen C Basile, Xinjian Zhang, Sharon G Smith, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
INTRODUCTION: Youth sexual violence victimization is an urgent public health concern that can lead to a variety of health problems and increased risk for victimization during adulthood. Examining the characteristics of early victimization and their association with subsequent victimization during adulthood may help strengthen primary prevention efforts. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Prevalence estimates were computed in 2017 for rape and made to sexually penetrate, their subtypes, as well as proportions among victims by type of perpetrator...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Rachel C Whooten, Meghan E Perkins, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. INTERVENTION: Children registered for Build Our Kids Success in 2015-2016 participated in a 2 days/week or 3 days/week program...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Charlene A Flash, Elizabeth L T Frost, Thomas P Giordano, K Rivet Amico, Jeffrey A Cully, Christine M Markham
INTRODUCTION: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis has been proven to be an effective tool in HIV prevention. However, numerous barriers still exist in pre-exposure prophylaxis implementation. METHODS: The framework of Intervention Mapping was used from August 2016 to October 2017 to describe the process of adoption, implementation, and maintenance of an HIV prevention program from 2012 through 2017 in Houston, Texas, that is nested within a county health system HIV clinic...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Emily M Bucholz, Holly C Gooding, Sarah D de Ferranti
INTRODUCTION: Young adults with hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes are at increased risk of developing heart disease later in life. Despite emphasis on early screening, little is known about awareness of these risk factors in young adulthood. METHODS: Data from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 were analyzed in 2017 to estimate the prevalence of self-reported awareness of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes in U...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Beom-Young Cho, Dong-Chul Seo, Hsien-Chang Lin, David K Lohrmann, Andrea K Chomistek
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the associations of BMI category and central obesity status, with falls among community-dwelling older adults in the U.S. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2012 and 2014 U.S. Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative longitudinal panel study funded by the National Institute of Aging. The study participants were U.S. community-dwelling older adults aged ≥65 years (N=3,383). Multiple logistic regression and Poisson regression analyses examined the associations of BMI category and central obesity (waist circumference >102 cm in men and >88 cm in women) with experiencing a fall and fall injury, after adjusting for all other covariates...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sara B McMenamin, Sara W Yoeun, Helen A Halpin
INTRODUCTION: Four sections of the Affordable Care Act address the expansion of Medicaid coverage for recommended smoking-cessation treatments for: (1) pregnant women (Section 4107), (2) all enrollees through a financial incentive (1% Federal Medical Assistance Percentage increase) to offer comprehensive coverage (Section 4106), (3) all enrollees through Medicaid formulary requirements (Section 2502), and (4) Medicaid expansion enrollees (Section 2001). The purpose of this study is to document changes in Medicaid coverage for smoking-cessation treatments since the passage of the Affordable Care Act and to assess how implementation has differentially affected Medicaid coverage policies for: pregnant women, enrollees in traditional Medicaid, and Medicaid expansion enrollees...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Anneliese E Sorrentino, Meagan C Cusack, Scarlett L Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Melissa E Dichter
INTRODUCTION: Women Veterans are at increased risk of both housing instability and intimate partner violence compared with their non-Veteran counterparts. The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the relationship between women Veterans' experience of intimate partner violence and various indicators of housing instability, and (2) to assess what correlates help to explain experiences of housing instability among women Veterans who experienced past-year intimate partner violence...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sunmoo Yoon, Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Ian M Kronish, Carmela Alcantara, Jacob Julian, Faith Parsons, Karina W Davidson, Keith M Diaz
INTRODUCTION: This intervention study used mobile technologies to investigate whether those randomized to receive a personalized "activity fingerprint" (i.e., a one-time tailored message about personal predictors of exercise developed from 6 months of observational data) increased their physical activity levels relative to those not receiving the fingerprint. STUDY DESIGN: A 12-month randomized intervention study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: From 2014 to 2015, 79 intermittent exercisers had their daily physical activity assessed by accelerometry (Fitbit Flex) and daily stress experience, a potential predictor of exercise behavior, was assessed by smartphone...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Steven B Zeliadt, Richard M Hoffman, Genevieve Birkby, Jan M Eberth, Alison T Brenner, Daniel S Reuland, Susan A Flocke
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to identify issues faced by Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in implementing lung cancer screening in low-resource settings. METHODS: Medical directors of 258 FQHCs serving communities with tobacco use prevalence above the median of all 1,202 FQHCs nationally were sampled to participate in a web-based survey. Data were collected between August and October 2016. Data analysis was completed in June 2017. RESULTS: There were 112 (43%) FQHC medical directors or surrogates who responded to the 2016 survey...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Gabriella M Anic, Enver Holder-Hayes, Bridget K Ambrose, Brian L Rostron, Blair Coleman, Ahmed Jamal, Benjamin J Apelberg
INTRODUCTION: Assessing the extent that cigarette smokers use or switch to e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco can help inform the population health impact of these products. This study estimated the prevalence of e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use and switching among current and recent former adult cigarette smokers. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 (n=8,891) and 2013-2014 (n=11,379) National Adult Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016. Response rates for this telephone survey were 44...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Roberto P Treviño, Christina Piña, Jesús Cuéllar Fuentes, Melissa Nuñez
INTRODUCTION: In 2011, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services began to reimburse primary care providers for intensive behavior therapy for obesity. This study evaluated a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services intensive behavior therapy for obesity program as implemented in primary care clinics. METHODS: Data for this retrospective cohort study were obtained between May 2012 and February 2015 and statistical analysis was performed in 2017. The sample included 643 participants who attended at least one BieneStar intensive behavior therapy for obesity program session...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Margarete C Kulik, Nadra E Lisha, Stanton A Glantz
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are often promoted to assist with cigarette smoking cessation. In 2016-2017, the relationship between e-cigarette use and having stopped smoking among ever (current and former) smokers was assessed in the European Union and Great Britain by itself. METHODS: Cross-sectional logistic regression of the association between being a former smoker and e-cigarette use was applied to the 2014 Eurobarometer survey of 28 European Union countries controlling for demographics...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lorraine T Dean, Madeline C Montgomery, Julia Raifman, Amy Nunn, Thomas Bertrand, Alexi Almonte, Philip A Chan
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted diseases continue to increase in the U.S. There is a growing need for financially viable models to ensure the longevity of safety-net sexually transmitted disease clinics, which provide testing and treatment to high-risk populations. This micro-costing analysis estimated the number of visits required to balance cost and revenue of a sexually transmitted disease clinic in a Medicaid expansion state. METHODS: In 2017, actual and projected cost and revenues were estimated from the Rhode Island sexually transmitted disease clinic in 2015...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Eric W Tai, Gery P Guy, C Brooke Steele, S Jane Henley, Michael S Gallaway, Lisa C Richardson
INTRODUCTION: Smoking has been causally linked to 12 tobacco-related cancers: oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, stomach, colon and rectum, liver, pancreas, larynx, lung, cervix, bladder, kidney, and acute myeloid leukemia. Tobacco-related cancers-related morbidity and mortality have been well described, but little is known about the prevalence of tobacco-related cancer hospitalizations and associated costs. This study estimates the annual number of tobacco-related cancer hospitalizations and their associated direct medical costs in the U...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Hope M Tiesman, Melody Gwilliam, Srinivas Konda, Jeff Rojek, Suzanne Marsh
INTRODUCTION: Limited studies exist that describe nonfatal work-related injuries to law enforcement officers. The aim of this study is to provide national estimates and trends of nonfatal injuries to law enforcement officers from 2003 through 2014. METHODS: Nonfatal injuries were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Occupational Supplement. Data were obtained for injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments from 2003 to 2014. Nonfatal injury rates were calculated using denominators from the Current Population Survey...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Cristina Carias, Harrell W Chesson, Scott D Grosse, Rui Li, Martin I Meltzer, Gabrielle F Miller, Louise B Murphy, Tursynbek A Nurmagambetov, Jamison J Pike, Hilary K Whitham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Megan E Petrov, Jia Weng, Kathryn J Reid, Rui Wang, Alberto R Ramos, Douglas M Wallace, Carmela Alcantara, Jianwen Cai, Krista Perreira, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Phyllis C Zee, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Sanjay R Patel
INTRODUCTION: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ariella R Tabaac, Megan E Sutter, Catherine S J Wall, Kellan E Baker
INTRODUCTION: Transgender (trans) and gender-nonconforming adults have reported reduced access to health care because of discrimination and lack of knowledgeable care. This study aimed to contribute to the nascent cancer prevention literature among trans and gender-nonconforming individuals by ascertaining rates of breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal cancer screening behaviors by gender identity. METHODS: Publicly available de-identified data from the 2014-2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys were utilized to evaluate rates of cancer screenings by gender identity, while controlling for healthcare access, sociodemographics, and survey year...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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