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Critical Care Nursing Quarterly

Deborah L Totzkay
Reduction in nursing staff injuries has occurred with the use of an evidence-based approach to safe patient handling and mobility. Parts of the evidence-based practice initiative include having the appropriate equipment, such as mechanical patient-lifting devices, a no-lift policy, and the use of peer coaches. The combination of the implementation of a culture of safety can sustain evidence-based, safe patient-handling practices that reduce patient-handling injuries. Patient-handling programs should include adaptations for an aging nursing workforce...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Katie Parchem, Amanda Peck, Katherine Tales
Research has shown that patients who are mechanically ventilated or immobile for greater than 7 days are at increased risk for deconditioning and muscle atrophy. Immobility impacts length of stay as well as patients' ability to return to their prior level of function. As part of the safe patient-handling initiative created at Michigan Medicine, a special team of nurses and therapists was assembled to adapt an adult mobility framework for the pediatric population. The pediatric mobility model determines each patient's specific mobility "phase" based on detailed criteria...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Danielle Van Damme, Heidi Flori, Tonie Owens
Physical activity in acute and critical care has been recognized as a successful method of improving patient outcomes. Challenges lie, however, in mobilizing pediatric critically ill patients and establishing consensus among health care providers about the safety and feasibility. The challenge of mobilizing pediatric patients is balancing developmental level, functional ability, and level of acuity; therefore, a mobility guideline was developed for use in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The unique population and challenges in the PICU led to the development of a PICU-specific set of medical criteria within a PICU mobility guideline...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Tonie Owens, Christopher Tapley
Due to improvements in biomedical sciences and clinical expertise, childhood mortality has decreased. Pediatric patients experience similar complications from inactivity as adults, such as hospital-acquired conditions and delirium. Interdisciplinary collaboration is imperative to improve functional and developmental outcomes of children who suffers from either a chronic illnesses or an acute illness that results in a prolonged hospitalization. Pediatric nursing assessments should include gross motor function related to mobility...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Chris J Dickinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Renee Havey, Cassandra Aebersold, Jason Terrasi
Nelson and Baptiste noted that a standard approach to safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) cannot be generalized to all patient care areas because the unique, high-risk tasks of each area require specific intervention. Matching the SPHM program to the setting, tasks, and roles is important in developing a program that will prevent harm. However, there is little evidence related to the use of SPHM programs in nontraditional care environments, such as emergency departments (EDs). A such, there is no standardized method for training ED nurses in safe patient handling...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Twanda Gillespie, Sarah Lane
The health care team must be able to mobilize bariatric patients efficiently and safely. It is challenging to find the proper equipment of sufficient variety to meet the need. Patients can feel self-conscious when staff are struggling to provide care, and staff can be injured when trying to mobilize patients without the proper equipment. This can result in feelings of humiliation for the patient and frustration for staff. Furthermore, staff often experience compassion fatigue when dealing with their frustration around this...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Regi Freeman, Erika Koerner
The complexity of ambulation increases when patients are challenged with acute illness in the cardiovascular intensive care unit (CVICU). The difficulties in this setting entailed limited ancillary assistance, proper equipment, and complex medical devices. It was imperative that mobility was made a priority in the CVICU despite multiple barriers. To improve mobility functionality, mobility aids were obtained. To evaluate the effectiveness of the mobility aids, data were collected, including staff surveys, time studies, and chart audits...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Paula Anton, Christy Richard
Rehabilitation assists patients with return to baseline activities of daily living after catastrophic events or long hospitalizations. In an effort to increase mobility episodes in the rehabilitation patient, a nurse-led mobility program was suggested. This allows the rehabilitation nurse to participate in the improvement of mobility for rehabilitation patients by mobilizing the patients safely during hours in which physical therapy is not available. The purpose of this project was twofold: (1) Can additional mobility episodes improve outcomes in the rehabilitation patient? (2) How can safe patient handling principles be applied to the rehabilitation patient?...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Constance Rickelmann, Diane J Knoblauch
Historically, patients supported on extra corporeal membrane oxygenation were thought to be too unstable to engage in early mobility but are at increased risk for deconditioning from prolonged immobilization due to the nature of illness, numerous cannulas, equipment, and hemodynamic and respiratory instability along with heavy sedation/analgesia or paralysis. This article will discuss the specific considerations that should be employed to keep the patient and the staff safe while providing mobility to patients on extra corporeal membrane oxygenation...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Mary Ann Adamczyk
The purpose of this safety initiative was to reduce work-related injuries through the implementation of a safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) program in a medical intensive care unit. An SPHM program was implemented on a critical care medicine unit in February of 2017. Nursing and assistive personnel completed education via hands-on and online educational modules regarding SPHM equipment and techniques and an SPHM policy. All staff were expected to follow SPHM practices. Critical care medicine unit nursing leadership and unit-based SPHM peer coaches rounded to ensure staff compliance with the program...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Corinne Lee, Suzanne W Knight, Sharon L Smith, Dorothy J Nagle, Lori DeVries
This article addresses the development, implementation, and evaluation of an education program for safe patient handling and mobility at a large academic medical center. The ultimate goal of the program was to increase safety during patient mobility/transfer and reduce nursing staff injury from lifting/pulling. This comprehensive program was designed on the basis of the principles of prework, application, and support at the point of care. A combination of online learning, demonstration, skill evaluation, and coaching at the point of care was used to achieve the goal...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Sharon Dickinson, Sarah Taylor, Paula Anton
Early, routine mobilization of critically ill patients is safe and reduces hospital length of stay, shortens the duration of mechanical ventilation, and improves muscle strength and functional independence. At the University of Michigan, we have turned the tides by creating a structured process to get our patients moving while keeping them and our staff safe through the use of a standardized mobility protocol that incorporates the components of safe patient handling. Our protocol is simple and can easily be adapted for all patient populations by simply modifying some of the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Joyce M Black, Susan Salsbury, Kathleen M Vollman
Evidence indicates that chances for a successful patient mobility program, prevention of pressure injury and falls, and safe patient handling are enhanced when an organization possesses an appropriate culture for safety. Frequently, these improvement initiatives are managed within silos often creating a solution for one and a problem for the others. A model of prevention integrating early patient mobility, preventing pressure injuries and falls while ensuring caregiver safety, is introduced. The journey begins by understanding why early mobility and safe patient handling are critical to improving overall patient outcomes...
July 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Elizabeth A Henneman, Jenna L Marquard, Cheryl Nicholas, Vanessa Martinez, Kristine DeSotto, Susan S Scott, William E Soares, Philip L Henneman
Interruptions occurring during the delivery of health care are frequent and create a serious threat to patient safety. It is important to test strategies directed at decreasing the negative effects of interruptions. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the Stay S.A.F.E. strategy for managing interruptions. A pretest, posttest quasi-experimental design was used to test the primary hypothesis that the Stay S.A.F.E. interruption management strategy would significantly (P < .05) reduce distraction time away from a primary task following an interruption...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Mahbub Rashid, Nayma Khan, Belinda Jones
This article reports the findings of a 2-phase quasi-experimental study looking at the perceptual effects of physical and visual accessibilities on clinical staff in intensive care units (ICUs). In a previous CCNQ article by Rashid et al, the first phase of the study was reported comparing, among other things, physical and visual accessibilities and their associations with staff perception in 2 ICUs with the open-plan and racetrack-type layouts. The data for that phase of the study were collected in December 2014, which included the data on physical and visual accessibilities collected using the spatial analysis techniques of Space Syntax, and the data on staff perception collected using a questionnaire survey...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Lauren Breisinger, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline
The intensive care unit (ICU) can be a place of stress, anxiety, and emotional instability for both patients and families. Medical and nursing care during this acute time is patient focused, and family members are often left in the dark. Unintentional exclusion from information results in high levels of stress, anxiety, and uncertainty for families. Due to the acuity of illness, family members of cardiac surgery patients experience the highest levels of stress. Spouses may experience intense psychosomatic symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and fear for several months after the surgery...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Jan M Binnekade, Anja H Brunsveld-Reinders, M Sesmu Arbous, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Janneke Horn, Jos A P van der Sloot, Anja Balzereit, Marcus J Schultz, Sylvia Brinkman, Margreeth B Vroom
A strategy of defining and checking explicitly formulated patient-specific treatments targets or "daily goals" in the intensive care unit has been associated with improved communication. We investigated the effect of incorporation of daily goals into daily care planning on length of stay in the intensive care unit. Furthermore, the type of daily goals and deviations from daily goals in daily care with or without documented reason were evaluated. Four university hospitals in the Netherlands, of which 2 study "daily goal" hospitals and 2 control hospitals, participated in a prospective before-after study...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Mohammad Bani Younis, Ferial A Hayajneh
Investigating sleep disturbances among intensive care unit (ICU) patients and its serious consequences is considered a crucial issue for nurses. The need of sleep increases during hospitalization time to preserve energy for the healing process. Previous studies have demonstrated that sleep disturbance is one of the most common complaints of patients in the ICUs, with a prevalence of more than 50%. Although the total sleep time might be normal, the patients' sleep is fragmented and light in the intensive care settings...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Nesa Mousavi Malek, Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam, Maryam Esmaeili, Anoushiravan Kazemnejad
The aim of this study to examine the effects of supportive-educational nurse-led intervention on the patients' anxiety and sleep before the coronary artery bypass grafting.The current clinical trial recruited 160 patients (N = 160) waiting for the coronary artery bypass grafting by random block sampling and divided them into two 80-people experimental and control groups. Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory was completed on the first day. The Groningen's Sleep Quality Index was also completed by the patients on the day of surgery...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
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