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Critical Care Nursing Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557900/controversies-in-venous-thromboembolism
#1
Suman Yadam, Anand Popuri, Yousef Hattab, Tariq Cheema
Numerous controversies exist in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism despite all the guidelines that are currently available. Screening of malignancy in venous thromboembolism has been a debated issue, as it has not been shown to change mortality. Calf vein thrombosis is also a controversial topic, but evidence points to risk stratifying those patients. Overdiagnosis, most notably from the finding of subsegmental pulmonary embolism, ultimately requires evaluating the risk and benefit for each patient. In addition, treatment of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is a challenging scenario that is quite common in clinical practice...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557899/prognosis-and-monitoring-of-vte
#2
Mouhib Naddour, Mehboob Kalani, Yousef Hattab, Viral Gandhi, Anil C Singh, Omer Bajwa
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can present in a variety of different clinical settings and in a diverse, comorbid patient population, both of which will guide the clinician toward the appropriate therapeutic response. Patients who present with pulmonary embolism are at risk for hemodynamic instability, recurrence of VTE, cardiac comorbidities, and increased risk of overall mortality. Prognostication models have been clinically validated for risk stratification and prediction of mortality. Similar to pulmonary embolism, patients with deep vein thrombosis carry a higher risk of VTE recurrence and cardiac comorbidities...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557898/special-circumstances-and-populations
#3
Ashley Singh, Megan Foster, Pamela Chapman, Yousef Hattab, Sulaiman Alhassan, Omar Bajwa
Venous thromboembolism is a condition that includes both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Venous thromboembolism disease can result because of a combination of risk factors, including patient-related, treatment-related, and, more specifically, cancer-related factors. It is not disease-specific or a population-specific disorder, but it is more prevalent in certain specialty populations. This article will cover those specialty populations including cancer, pregnancy, and athletes.
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557897/consequences-of-venous-thromboembolism-including-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#4
Viral Gandhi, Matthew Hewston, Suman Yadam, Kiet Ma, Anil C Singh, Tariq Cheema
Venous thromboembolism includes both deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. They pose a significant risk for morbidity and mortality. In an appropriate clinical setting, invasive interventions, including administration of thrombolytics, anticoagulation, and placement of vena cava filter, are warranted. Bleeding, postthrombotic syndrome, recurrence, and filter-associated complications are few of the complications of this disease. More recently, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension has gained clinical interest in patients with pulmonary embolism and has warranted close follow-up...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557896/advanced-therapies-in-venous-thromboembolism
#5
Suman Yadam, Rihab Sharara, Mouhib Naddour, Moeezullah Beg, Anil C Singh, Marvin Balaan
Advanced therapies are available for both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism when anticoagulation alone is not sufficient to improve clinical outcomes. In some cases, clinical deterioration ensues despite anticoagulation, and this requires unique techniques that can ameliorate the clinical course. Such advancements are described in this upcoming article.
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557895/venous-thromboembolism-and-pulmonary-embolism-response-teams-an-overview
#6
Adebayo Fasanya, Kanan Silvas, Sulaiman Alhassan, Kaushal Patel, Anil C Singh, Khalid Malik
Venous thromboembolism is a common disease with a wide array of signs and symptoms. It has been cited as the third leading cause of cardiovascular death, and if left untreated, it leads to death in 1 in 4 patients. Sophisticated diagnostic tools have allowed physician to become more accurate in diagnosing pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis. The advent of new oral anticoagulants, the emergence of pulmonary embolism response teams, and protocols demonstrate recent achievements in the management of venous thromboembolism...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557894/deep-venous-thrombosis-of-the-upper-and-lower-extremity
#7
Yousef Hattab, Sarah Küng, Adebayo Fasanya, Kiet Ma, Anil C Singh, Tiffany DuMont
Upper and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is defined as a blood clot within the deep veins of the affected extremities. These blood clots can either occur spontaneously or be associated with specific risk factors. Regardless of the cause, DVT is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and has the potential for lethal complications. The most notable complication is the potential for development of pulmonary embolism from a lower extremity DVT. As studies have reported, more than 90% of acute pulmonary emboli arise from the proximal veins...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557893/prophylaxis-for-venous-thromboembolism
#8
Kiet Ma, Sulaiman Alhassan, Rihab Sharara, Meilin Young, Anil C Singh, Eric Bihler
Venous thromboembolisms are major risk factors for many of our hospitalized patients. These events, however, can be prevented with prophylactic measurements when administered appropriately and on a timely basis. As patients are admitted, discharged, transferred, and scheduled for procedures on an hourly basis, anticoagulation and deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis are held or discontinued in anticipation for possible procedures. This results in delay of care and intervals where patients may not be covered with any prophylactic measurements...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557892/diagnostic-considerations-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#9
Sulaiman Alhassan, Jennifer Leap, Anand Popuri, Suman Yadam, Anil C Singh, Marvin Balaan
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The clinical presentation of VTE is nonspecific and requires confirmatory testing. The most common diagnostic tool for DVT is duplex ultrasonography since it is a noninvasive test with high accuracy. Contrast venography is considered the gold standard modality to diagnose DVT, but it is an invasive test. Magnetic resonance venography and computed tomography venography are alternative diagnostic methods for DVT, which can be helpful in certain circumstances...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557891/clinical-presentation-and-risk-factors-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#10
Sulaiman Alhassan, Anca Pelinescu, Viral Gandhi, Mouhib Naddour, Anil C Singh, Eric Bihler
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has a wide range of clinical presentations. Deep venous thrombosis may occur in upper or lower extremities or in visceral veins. Extremity deep venous thrombosis usually manifests with unilateral painful swelling in the limb, while visceral deep venous thrombosis manifestations vary on the basis of the involved organ. Pulmonary embolism classically manifests with sudden pleuritic chest pain and unexplained dyspnea. Superficial thrombophlebitis usually presents with acute inflammation around a palpable thrombosed superficial vein...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557890/pathogenesis-and-epidemiology-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#11
Kaushal Patel, Adebayo Fasanya, Suman Yadam, Aditya A Joshi, Anil C Singh, Tiffany DuMont
Venous thromboembolism is the formation of a blood clot in the vein. It mainly consists of 2 life-threatening conditions-deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Deep venous thrombosis is a potentially dangerous condition with grave sequelae, the worst of which is pulmonary embolism. Venous thromboembolism can also lead to multiple other conditions with significant morbidity and mortality that include extension of thrombi, pulmonary hypertension, recurrence, and postthrombotic syndrome. An update on the epidemiology, etiology, and pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism will be reviewed in this article...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557889/introduction-to-the-anatomy-and-physiology-of-pulmonary-circulation
#12
Rihab Saeed Sharara, Yousef Hattab, Kaushal Patel, Briana DiSilvio, Anil C Singh, Khalid Malik
In the United States, venous thromboembolism is associated with high mortality and morbidity affecting as many as 900 000 people (1-2 per 1000) each year. Estimates suggest that 60 000 to 100 000 Americans die of deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism and 10% to 30% die within 1 month of diagnosis, with sudden death being the first symptom in approximately 25% of population with pulmonary embolism. One-half of the patients with deep venous thrombosis will have postthrombotic syndrome, which includes swelling, pain, discoloration, and scaling in the affected limb...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557888/foreword
#13
Anil C Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240700/factors-influencing-weaning-older-adults-from-mechanical-ventilation-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Karen V Stieff, Fidelindo Lim, Leon Chen
This study aim was to describe the influences that affect weaning from mechanical ventilation among older adults in the intensive care unit (ICU). Adults older than 65 years comprised only 14.5% of the US population in 2014; however, they accounted up to 45% of all ICU admissions. As this population grows, the number of ICU admissions is expected to increase. One of the most common procedures for hospitalized adults 75 years and older is mechanical ventilation. An integrative review methodology was applied to analyze and synthesize primary research reports...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240699/central-venous-access-the-missed-patient-safety-goal
#15
Matthew Herring
Hospital-acquired conditions are conditions that never should happen to a patient while in the care of physicians, nurses, and the health care facility. Central line-associated bloodstream infections plague the nation's health care facilities. With increasing rates of infections being reported during hospitalization, hospital-acquired conditions, namely, infections, and more specifically central line-associated bloodstream infections, are now at the top of patient safety concerns and impact organization's reimbursement...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240698/simple-strategies-for-surviving-the-night-shift
#16
Laura Crooks
Without a doubt, working nights is stressful and can wreak havoc on your physical, mental, and emotional health. It is like fitting a square peg into a round hole; you are living on a schedule opposite from most of the world. Your internal rhythms are disrupted socially and biologically when you work nights. But it does not have to be as disruptive as we let it be. There are lifestyle strategies to better manage working nights; some are mental approaches and some are physical or behavioral tactics.
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240697/improving-nurse-satisfaction-with-open-visitation-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit
#17
Elizabeth Kozub, Stephanie Scheler, Gloria Necoechea, Noeleen OʼByrne
The focus on patient- and family-centered care (PFCC) has become increasingly prevalent throughout health care. In the intensive care unit (ICU), family involvement becomes critical, as patients are often unable to fully engage in their care. After expanding family visitation to 24 hours, nurses in a surgical ICU perceived that they did not have the ability to tailor the visitation to meet the patient's condition and there was an opportunity to improve nurse satisfaction related to PFCC. The objective of this performance improvement project was to increase nurse satisfaction related to PFCC and create consistency across clinicians for visitation practices...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240696/implementing-iround-a-computer-based-auditing-tool
#18
Darcie Brady
Many hospitals use rounding or auditing as a tool to help identify gaps and needs in quality and process performance. Some hospitals are also using rounding to help improve patient experience. It is known that purposeful rounding helps improve Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems scores by helping manage patient expectations, provide service recovery, and recognize quality caregivers. Rounding works when a standard method is used across the facility, where data are comparable and trustworthy...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240695/an-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-depression-post-myocardial-infarction
#19
Jessica L DiSante, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline, Kristen Waterstram-Rich
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. The World Bank and the World Health Organization predict that depression and coronary heart disease will be the largest causes of global health burden and disability by the year 2020. Studies have demonstrated that patients with CAD experience depression at a higher rate than the general population. Because of this connection, it is critical to recognize depression and manage depression effectively for people with CAD. Studies have also provided evidence that identifying and treating depression in patients early after a myocardial infarction improve clinical outcomes...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240694/improving-clinical-outcomes-for-patients-with-class-iii-heart-failure
#20
Melissa Shapiro, Angela Macci Bires, Kristen Waterstram-Rich, Thomas W Cline
Heart failure (HF) is a serious medical problem in the United States and is placing a financial strain on the health care system. It is the leading cause of mortality and as the overall incidence continues to increase, so does the economic impact on the health care system. Innovative treatment options, in the form of disease management programs and implantable cardiac devices, such as the CorVue capable implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) pacemaker, offer the promise of an enhanced quality of life and reduced mortality...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
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