journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Critical Care Nursing Quarterly

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210769/direct-observation-of-medication-errors-in-critical-care-setting-a-systematic-review
#1
Margaret J Foster, Jodie C Gary, Sreedevi Moodahanglur Sooryanarayana
Medication errors continue to be an issue for the critically ill and are costly to both patients and health care facilities. This article reviews published research about these errors and reports results of observational studies. The types of errors, incidence, and root causes have been considered along with adverse consequences. The implications for bedside practice as a result of this review are fairly straightforward. Medication errors are happening at an alarming rate in the critical care environment, and these errors are preventable...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210768/safety-and-security-concerns-of-nurses-working-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-qualitative-study
#2
Yolanda Keys, Jaynelle F Stichler
Intensive care units (ICUs) exist to serve as a safe place for critically ill patients to receive care from skilled practitioners. In this qualitative study, ICU nurses shared their perspectives on elements that promote safety and security on their units. After obtaining institutional review board approval, participants participated in telephone interviews with a nurse researcher who has experience as a bedside ICU nurse. Five categories and 14 themes were identified and then confirmed using member checking...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210767/informatics-for-the-modern-intensive-care-unit
#3
Diana C Anderson, Ashley A Jackson, Neil A Halpern
Advanced informatics systems can help improve health care delivery and the environment of care for critically ill patients. However, identifying, testing, and deploying advanced informatics systems can be quite challenging. These processes often require involvement from a collaborative group of health care professionals of varied disciplines with knowledge of the complexities related to designing the modern and "smart" intensive care unit (ICU). In this article, we explore the connectivity environment within the ICU, middleware technologies to address a host of patient care initiatives, and the core informatics concepts necessary for both the design and implementation of advanced informatics systems...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210766/tele-icu-and-patient-safety-considerations
#4
Erkan Hassan
The tele-ICU is designed to leverage, not replace, the need for bedside clinical expertise in the diagnosis, treatment, and assessment of various critical illnesses. Tele-ICUs are primarily decentralized or centralized models with differing advantages and disadvantages. The centralized model has sufficiently powered published data to be associated with improved mortality and ICU length of stay in a cost-effective manner. Factors associated with improved clinical outcomes include improved compliance with best practices; providing off-hours implementation of the bedside physician's care plan; and identification of and rapid response to physiological instability (initial clinical review within 1 hour) and rapid response to alerts, alarms, or direct notification by bedside clinicians...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210765/environmental-infection-prevention-priorities-of-patient-safety-collaboration
#5
Patti G Grota, Patti S Grant
Although progress has been made in decreasing health care-associated infections (HAI) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, there has been an increase in HAI caused by drug-resistant pathogens, particularly those that contaminate the environment such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, Pseudomonas spp, Acinetobacter spp, and Clostridium difficile. The ICU environment including sinks and medical equipment has been identified as being at risk for contamination and associated with cross-transmission of pathogens between the health care provider, the environment, and the patient...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210764/deriving-information-requirements-for-a-smart-nursing-system-for-intensive-care-units
#6
Kunal Khanade, Farzan Sasangohar, Steven C Sutherland, Karen E Alexander
The workplace environment for intensive care nursing is highly stressful, with long working hours and a dynamic workload that may induce fatigue. The resulting stress and fatigue may reduce nurses' efficiency and may contribute to medical errors. A smart wearable system is being designed to help nurses who experience high levels of stress and fatigue at work. This article documents the systematic process of deriving information requirements from 2 focus groups conducted separately with nurses and nurse managers working in various Southeastern Texas hospitals...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210763/evaluating-nurses-perception-of-patient-safety-design-features-in-intensive-care-units
#7
Faria Islam, Mahbub Rashid
A methodological study was conducted to test the validity and reliability of the patient safety (PS) scale developed by Rashid (2007) for evaluating nurses' perception of adult intensive care unit (ICU) design features related to patient safety. Data for the study were collected using a Web-based survey instrument. A link to the survey instrument was posted on the Web site of American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) for ICU nurses in different US states to participate. A sample of 587 valid responses was divided into 2 halves for cross-validation...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210762/decentralization-the-corridor-is-the-problem-not-the-alcove
#8
D Kirk Hamilton, Sandra M Swoboda, Jin-Ting Lee, Diana C Anderson
There is controversy today about whether decentralized intensive care unit (ICU) designs featuring alcoves and multiple sites for charting are effective. There are issues relating to travel distance, visibility of patients, visibility of staff colleagues, and communications among caregivers, along with concerns about safety risk. When these designs became possible and popular, many ICU designs moved away from the high-visibility circular, semicircular, or box-like shapes and began to feature units with more linear shapes and footprints similar to acute bed units...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210761/foreword
#9
D Kirk Hamilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834862/pharmaceutical-cost-savings-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#10
Benjamin T Pennell, Claire V Murphy, Cindy Byrd, Crystal Tubbs
Health care costs are rising in the United States with a significant amount of this spend attributed to pharmaceutical costs. The reasons for rising pharmaceutical costs are multifactorial and may include the increase in single source manufacturers of generic medications, drug shortages, the Food and Drug Administration's unapproved drug approval initiative, and generic rebranding. Many of these factors impact the intensive care unit directly creating the need to implement cost-savings strategies to ensure the financial health of an organization and reduce the financial burden for patients...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834861/opportunistic-pulmonary-infections-in-the-solid-organ-transplant-recipient-a-focus-on-drug-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Megan E Goetz, Rickey A Evans, TrisAnn Rendulic
Immunosuppression required to prevent allograft rejection in the solid organ transplant recipient increases vulnerability to infections. Given continuous environmental exposure, the lungs are increasingly susceptible to bacterial, viral, and fungal opportunistic infections. Drug therapy options for the treatment of opportunistic pulmonary infections are used infrequently. These medications are often classified as high risk with specific administration instructions, as well as a multitude of toxicities. Therefore, in this article, we will discuss select pulmonary opportunistic infections and their associated drug therapies...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834860/review-of-infectious-disease-prophylaxis-in-solid-organ-transplantation
#12
REVIEW
Heather A Personett, Melissa R Laub
As immunosuppressive therapy has evolved over the years, rejection rates in solid organ transplant have declined, but infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Prophylaxis against bacterial, viral, and fungal infections is often used to prevent infection from common pathogens during high-risk periods. As an integral part of the multidisciplinary medical team, it is important that nurses caring for transplant recipients be familiar with methods to detect and prevent infectious diseases in this population...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834859/novel-psychoactive-substances-and-trends-of-abuse
#13
REVIEW
Jessica V Rivera, Emily Green Vance, William F Rushton, Justin K Arnold
The purpose of this paper is to review the most common and quickest growing classes of novel, or new, psychoactive substances. Abuse of novel psychoactive substances continues to increase, resulting in subsequent increases in hospitalizations. Furthermore, the chemical structures are ever-changing and substances are increasing in potency. Reviewing the chemistry behind these agents will facilitate a better understanding of the toxicity associated with them and allow for successful identification of and management in the critical care unit...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834858/diuretic-resistance-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-a-challenging-clinical-conundrum
#14
REVIEW
Brent N Reed, Sandeep Devabhakthuni
Most patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) present with signs and symptoms of volume overload, and those with a significant history of diuretic exposure may demonstrate varying degrees of diuretic resistance. Although this phenomenon is commonly reported, no consensus definition exists and recommendations regarding an optimal therapeutic approach remain limited. Optimizing the use of intravenous (IV) loop diuretic therapy is the most common initial approach, and therapy may be augmented by the addition of a thiazide-type diuretic or an IV vasodilator...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834857/oral-agents-for-the-management-of-agitation-and-agitated-delirium-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
REVIEW
Qiu Min Yeo, Tessa L Wiley, Melanie N Smith, Drayton A Hammond
Agitation is one of the most common issues that critically ill patients experience. Medications used to manage agitation are often administered intravenously or intramuscularly in the acutely agitated, critically ill patient. However, a multimodal approach that utilizes multiple routes of administration may be appropriate. This review summarizes the available literature on oral antipsychotics, clonidine, and valproic acid to manage agitation in critically ill patients while also focusing on their pharmacology and appropriate monitoring...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834856/review-of-continuous-infusion-neuromuscular-blocking-agents-in-the-adult-intensive-care-unit
#16
REVIEW
Keaton S Smetana, Neil A Roe, Bruce A Doepker, G Morgan Jones
The use of continuous infusion neuromuscular blocking agents remains controversial. The clinical benefit of these medications may be overshadowed by concerns of propagating intensive care unit-acquired weakness, which may prolong mechanical ventilation and impair the inability to assess neurologic function or pain. Despite these risks, the use of neuromuscular blocking agents in the intensive care unit is indicated in numerous clinical situations. Understanding pharmacologic nuances and clinical roles of these agents will aid in facilitating safe use in a variety of acute disease processes...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834855/choice-of-fluids-for-resuscitation-of-the-critically-ill-what-nurses-need-to-know
#17
Whitney Gross, Michael Samarin, Lauren A Kimmons
Fluid administration is one of the most universal interventions in the intensive care unit; however, there remains a lack of optimal fluid choice in clinical practice. With increasing evidence suggesting that the choice and dose of fluid may influence patient outcomes, it is important to have an understanding of the differences between the various fluid products and these potential effects in order for nurses to navigate the critically ill patient. This article reviews properties, adverse effects, and monitoring of commonly used colloid and crystalloid fluids, providing information that may aid in fluid selection in the intensive care unit...
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834854/foreword
#18
G Morgan Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557900/controversies-in-venous-thromboembolism
#19
Suman Yadam, Anand Popuri, Yousef Hattab, Tariq Cheema
Numerous controversies exist in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism despite all the guidelines that are currently available. Screening of malignancy in venous thromboembolism has been a debated issue, as it has not been shown to change mortality. Calf vein thrombosis is also a controversial topic, but evidence points to risk stratifying those patients. Overdiagnosis, most notably from the finding of subsegmental pulmonary embolism, ultimately requires evaluating the risk and benefit for each patient. In addition, treatment of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is a challenging scenario that is quite common in clinical practice...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557899/prognosis-and-monitoring-of-vte
#20
Mouhib Naddour, Mehboob Kalani, Yousef Hattab, Viral Gandhi, Anil C Singh, Omer Bajwa
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can present in a variety of different clinical settings and in a diverse, comorbid patient population, both of which will guide the clinician toward the appropriate therapeutic response. Patients who present with pulmonary embolism are at risk for hemodynamic instability, recurrence of VTE, cardiac comorbidities, and increased risk of overall mortality. Prognostication models have been clinically validated for risk stratification and prediction of mortality. Similar to pulmonary embolism, patients with deep vein thrombosis carry a higher risk of VTE recurrence and cardiac comorbidities...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
journal
journal
29515
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"