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Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

Thomas K Pellinger, Catherine B Neighbors, Grant H Simmons
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study, we tested the hypothesis that acute lower leg heating (LLH) increases postheating popliteal artery blood flow and 6-minute walk distance in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Six patients (5 male, 1 female) with PAD (69 ± 6.9 years; claudication: ankle-brachial index < 0.90) participated in 3 randomized treatment sessions (2-7 days apart): control or bilateral LLH conducted via water bath immersion (42°C; ~40-cm depth) for either 15 or 45 minutes...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Claudia Victoria Anchique, Rosalía Fernandez, Daniel Quesada-Chaves, M Ximena Gordillo, Sheiles Acosta, Julia Fernandez, Blanca Arrieta-Loaiciga, Marco Heredia, Paul Oh
BACKGROUND: The identification of information needs is considered the first step to increase knowledge that ultimately could improve health outcomes in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to psychometrically validate the Spanish Information Needs in Cardiac Rehabilitation (INCR). METHODS: The Spanish INCR was psychometrically tested in 184 patients undergoing CR. The internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach α, factor structure was assessed using exploratory factor analysis, and criterion validity regarding educational level, occupation, and duration in CR was assessed...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Xinyu Hu, Shijiao Cheng, Yuehui Yin, Lin Ning, Liquan Xiang, Yinpin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Supplemental oxygen has been commonly used in the cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, recent evidence suggests that high-concentration oxygen supplementation and hyperbaric oxygen in ACS patients are associated with adverse cardiovascular effects. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to systematically review the role of supplemental oxygen therapy in normoxemic patients with ACS. METHODS: A search for randomized controlled trials before November 2017 in biomedical databases was performed, and a total of 6 eligible studies with 7508 participants were identified...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Li-Hong Wan, Xiao-Pei Zhang, Li-Ming You, Heng-Fang Ruan, Shao-Xian Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The health behaviors of hypertensive stroke patients in China are not satisfactory. In this study, we tested the effect of a Health Belief Model Comprehensive Reminder System on health behaviors and blood pressure control in hypertensive ischemic stroke patients after occurrence and hospital discharge. METHODS: A randomized, parallel-group, assessor-blinded experimental design yielded participation of 174 hospitalized hypertensive ischemic stroke patients...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim, Dayun Kang, Jungsoon Choi
BACKGROUND: Although the association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been reported, whether periodontitis and poor oral health behavior influence CVD risk remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether periodontal disease and poor oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: Patients older than 30 years with no CVD history (n = 8370) were selected using cross-sectional study data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2013 and 2014...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Tomás Romero, Kristina L Greenwood, Dale Glaser
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) sex disparities in management and outcomes have long been attributed to multiple factors, although questions regarding their relevance have not been fully addressed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify current factors associated with sex-related AMI management and outcomes disparities in hospitals with comparable quality care standards. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 299 women and 540 men with AMI discharged in 2013 from 3 southern California hospitals with tertiary cardiac care...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Shu-Chuan Chen, Pei-Ya Chen, Guei-Chiuan Chen, Su-Yun Chuang, I-Shiang Tzeng, Shinn-Kuang Lin
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) during acute ischemic stroke is associated with a longer hospital length of stay and unfavorable functional outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the benefits of portable bladder ultrasound (PBU) scanning during acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with acute ischemic stroke from January 2011 to February 2017. Patients were divided into group 1 (PBU not available) and group 2 (PBU available), before or after the split date, April 9, 2014...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Tina R Sadarangani, Deborah Chyun, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Gary Yu, Christine Kovner
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 16 million immigrants are 50 years and older, but little is known about their cardiometabolic health and how to best assess their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Aging immigrants may therefore not be benefitting from advances in CVD prevention. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we estimate and compare CVD risk in a nationally representative sample of aging immigrants using 3 different measures. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Cara Wrigley, Karla Straker, Erez Nusem, John F Fraser, Shaun D Gregory
BACKGROUND: Mechanical circulatory and respiratory support (MCRS) systems provide short- to long-term life support for patients with severe cardiac or respiratory failure. Whereas the challenges of patients with these lifesaving systems are well understood, the challenges faced by nurses of patients receiving MCRS remain relatively unidentified. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the challenges and experiences of MCRS nurses, with the aim of informing the design of future interventions...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Loreena Hill, Sonja McIlfatrick, Brian J Taylor, Tiny Jaarsma, Debra Moser, Paul Slater, Toni McAloon, Lana Dixon, Patrick Donnelly, Anna Stromberg, Donna Fitzsimons
BACKGROUND: Rate of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantations is increasing in patients with advanced heart failure. Despite clear guideline recommendations, discussions addressing deactivation occur infrequently. AIM: The aim of this article is to explore patient and professional factors that impact perceived likelihood and confidence of healthcare professionals to discuss ICD deactivation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2015 and 2016, an international sample of 262 healthcare professionals (65% nursing, 24% medical) completed an online factorial survey, encompassing a demographic questionnaire and clinical vignettes...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Seongkum Heo, Debra K Moser, Terry A Lennie, Mary Fischer, JinShil Kim, Mikyoung Lee, Mary N Walsh, Songthip Ounpraseuth
PURPOSE: Patients with heart failure (HF) have notably poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL). A 5-point improvement in HRQOL is associated with reduction in hospitalization and mortality rates. Heart failure symptoms are associated with poor HRQOL, but little is known about whether changes in HF symptoms lead to changes in HRQOL over time. Therefore, we examined the association of changes in HF symptoms with changes in overall, physical, and emotional aspects of HRQOL over a 12-month period, controlling for typical covariates...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ruth E Taylor-Piliae, Anne M Fink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Binu Koirala, Lola A Coke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Elaine Siow, Doris Yin Ping Leung, Eliza Mi Ling Wong, Wai Han Lam, Shuk Man Lo
BACKGROUND: Exercise self-efficacy is an important predictor of physical activity. Patients with coronary heart disease are at risk of developing depressive symptoms that could further weaken their self-efficacy and interfere with their ability to engage in physical activity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms, exercise self-efficacy, and physical activity among patients with coronary heart disease and how the efficacy-activity relationship is affected by the patient's level of depression...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Nittaya Caruana, Sharon McKinley, Rosalind Elliott, Leila Gholizadeh
BACKGROUND: Intensive care patients experience poor sleep quality. Psychological distress and diminished health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are also common among former intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a frequent reason adults require treatment in ICU. The effect of on- versus off-pump surgery on sleep and recovery has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality of CABG patients during and after ICU, psychological well-being, HRQOL during recovery, and whether on- versus off-pump surgery affects sleep and recovery...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Mariann R Piano, Nancy T Artinian, Holli A DeVon, Susan T Pressler, Kathleen T Hickey, Deborah A Chyun
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's (AHA) Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing (CVSN) plays a critical role in advancing the mission of the AHA in the discovery of new scientific knowledge. The aim was to identify priority research topics that would promote and improve cardiovascular (CV) health, provide direction for the education of future nurse scientists, and serve as a resource and catalyst for federal and organizational funding priorities. METHODS: A Qualtrics survey, which included 3 questions about priorities for CVSN nurse researchers, was sent to the CVSN Leadership Committee and all CVSN Fellows of the AHA (n = 208)...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Sarah S Farabi, Laurie Quinn, Shane Phillips, Dan Mihailescu, Chang Park, Mohammed Ali, Pamela Martyn-Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Elevated cardiovascular disease risk in people with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is incompletely understood. Glycemic control, glycemic variability, and sleep quality and duration may relate to cardiovascular disease risk in this population via endothelial dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine relationships among glycemic control, glycemic variability, sleep quality and duration, and endothelial function in adults with T1DM. METHODS: Endothelial function was measured using flow-mediated dilation...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Paula S Schulz, Lani Zimmerman, Patrik Johansson
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and hospitalization in the rural United States. Midwestern farmers are integral to rural communities, but little is known about the effect of occupational variability of seasonal work and technology use on their cardiovascular disease risk. AIMS: This study describes the relationships of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk in 40 Midwestern farmers during peak and off-peak farming seasons...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Amy Miner Ross, Christopher S Lee, Helmi Lutsep, Wayne M Clark
BACKGROUND: Immunodeficiency in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is thought to be a result of norepinephrine suppression of the lymphoid tissue. The possible differences in the distribution of lymphocytes after stroke may be due to differences in responsiveness of lymphocyte β-adrenergic receptors to their kinase (BARK-1). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to quantify the influence of lymphocyte BARK-1 on stroke-induced immunodeficiency in AIS patients. METHODS: A prospective clinical cohort study was conducted (N = 44)...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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