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Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

Anders Broström, Ake Wahlin, Urban Alehagen, Martin Ulander, Peter Johansson
BACKGROUND: Both short and long sleep durations have been associated to increased mortality. Knowledge about sex-specific differences among elderly regarding associations between sleep duration, cardiovascular health, and mortality is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to examine the association between self-reported sleep duration and mortality and to investigate whether this association is sex specific and/or moderated by cardiovascular morbidity, and also to explore potential mediators of sleep duration effects on mortality...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Lufei Young, Kevin Kupzyk, Susan Barnason
BACKGROUND: Self-management (SM) is an essential component of heart failure (HF) management. The mechanisms to improve SM behaviors are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine whether patient activation mediates the effect of self-efficacy on SM behaviors in rural HF patients. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data collected from a randomized controlled trial aimed to improve SM behaviors. The main variables included were SM knowledge, self-efficacy, patient activation, and SM behaviors...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ana M Palacio, Denise C Vidot, Leonardo J Tamariz, Claudia Uribe, Leslie Hazel-Fernandez, Hua Li, Sylvia D Garay, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Lack of medication adherence is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly among minorities. We aim to identify predictors of nonadherence to antiplatelet medications at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent among African American and Hispanic patients. METHODS: We used data collected for a randomized clinical trial that recruited 452 minority patients from a large US health insurance organization in 2010 post-PCI to compare telephone-based motivational interviewing by trained nurses with an educational video...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Sally Wai Sze Lo, Sek Ying Chair, Iris Fung Kam Lee
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) increases the risk of cardiovascular events and the development of diabetes. This article reports the effects of lifestyle intervention on the physiological outcomes of people with or at high risk of MS in the community setting of Hong Kong. METHODS: Chinese adults with 2 or more MS components were recruited from 13 community centers, which were cluster-randomized to the intervention or control group. The intervention group received a low-intensity lifestyle intervention program for people with MS consisting of group sessions, individual counseling, and telephone follow-ups over 3 months...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Eun Kyeung Song, Seok-Min Kang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C is related to lower levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), an inflammatory biomarker that predicts cardiovascular disease. Whether vitamin C deficiency is associated with hsCRP and cardiac events in heart failure (HF) patients has not been examined. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the relationships among vitamin C intake, serum levels of hsCRP, and cardiac events. METHODS: A total of 200 HF patients completed a 3-day food diary to determine vitamin C deficiency and provided blood to measure serum levels of hsCRP...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Patricia Lounsbury, Ahmed S Elokda, Jennifer M Bunning, Ross Arena, Ellen E I Gordon
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG) monitored outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OP-CR) is routinely performed following a variety of cardiovascular procedures and conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine if diagnostic-quality ECG monitoring in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) during OP-CR is useful in identifying asymptomatic myocardial ischemia, resulting in change(s) in care or medical management. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of ECG monitoring was done on all OP-CR patients diagnosed with CAD (n = 1213) from January 2000 through June 2013...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Chunlan Chen, Song Ge, Shengxu Li, Lang Wu, Tingting Liu, Changwei Li
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports the role of lifestyle interventions as a primary intervention strategy among individuals with dyslipidemia. The role of micronutrients, and calcium in particular, on cholesterol metabolism is not clear and warrants further investigation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials that have examined the effects of calcium supplements on blood lipids among adults. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched up to March 2016 for calcium supplements clinical trials...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Amanda L Zaleski, Beth A Taylor, Linda S Pescatello, Ellen A Dornelas, Charles Michael White, Paul D Thompson
BACKGROUND: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase reductase inhibitors (statins) are generally well tolerated, with statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) the most common side effect (~10%) seen in statin users. However, studies and clinical observations indicate that many of the self-reported SAMS appear to be nonspecific (ie, potentially not attributable to statins). OBJECTIVE: Mental health and well-being influence self-perception of pain, so we sought to assess the effect of baseline well-being and depression on the development of muscle pain with 6 months of atorvastatin 80 mg/d (ATORVA) or placebo in healthy, statin-naive adults...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Leslie L Davis
BACKGROUND: Most studies show that women with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) delay seeking care longer than men do. Contributing factors include women being more likely to experience diverse symptoms, to experience symptoms that do not match preexisting symptom expectations, to interpret symptoms as noncardiac, and to minimize symptoms until they become incapacitating. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify factors influencing women's ability to recognize and accurately interpret symptoms of suspected ACS...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Julie T Bidwell, Karen S Lyons, James O Mudd, Jill M Gelow, Christopher V Chien, Shirin O Hiatt, Kathleen L Grady, Christopher S Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy typically rely on informal caregivers (family members or friends) to assist them in managing their device. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to characterize changes in person-oriented outcomes (quality of life [QOL], depression, and anxiety) for VAD patients and their caregivers together from pre-implantation to 3 months post-implantation. METHODS: This was a formal interim analysis from an ongoing prospective study of VAD patients and caregivers (n = 41 dyads)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
John de Heide, C J Vroegh, T Szili Torok, R J J Gobbens, F Zijlstra, M Takens-Lameijer, M J Lenzen, S C Yap, W J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Postprocedural complications after elective cardiac interventions include hematomas and infections. Telemedical wound assessment using mobile phones with integrated cameras may improve quality of care and help reduce costs. AIMS: We aimed to study the feasibility of telemedical wound assessment using a mobile phone. The primary aim was the number of patients who were able to upload their pictures. Secondary aims were image interpretability, agreement between nurse practitioners, and patient evaluation of the intervention...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Mary A Dolansky, Misty A W Hawkins, Julie T Schaefer, John Gunstad, Abdus Sattar, Joseph D Redle, Anton Vehovec, Richard Josephson, Shirley M Moore, Joel W Hughes
BACKGROUND: Few investigators have examined whether cognitive deficits predict poorer self-care of weight management recommendations and weight gain in adults with heart failure. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were (1) to examine whether cognition is associated with adherence to daily weighing and weight gain incidence and (2) to explore self-reported symptom perception and management when a weight increase occurs. METHODS: In this observational study, participants completed neuropsychological testing, were given an electronic scale, and were instructed to record their weight for 21 days...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Kelly T Gleason, Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Karen L Rice, Marsha J Bennett, Linley Berger, Bethany Jennings, Lynn Eckhardt, Nicole Fabré-LaCoste, David Houghton, Gabriel Vidal, Toby Gropen, Erica Diggs, Erin Barry, Jennilee St John, Sheena Mathew, Allison Egger, Stephanie Ryan, Raymond Egger, David Galarneau, Kenneth Gaines, E Wesley Ely
BACKGROUND: Delirium after acute stroke is a serious complication. Numerous studies support a benefit of multicomponent interventions in minimizing delirium-related complications in at-risk patients, but this has not been reported in acute stroke patients. The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of conducting a randomized (delirium care) versus usual standardized stroke care (usual care) in reducing delirium in acute stroke. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assessed the feasibility of (1) enrollment within the 48-hour window when delirium risk is greatest, (2) measuring cognitive function using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, (3) delivering interventions 7 days per week, and (4) determining delirium incidence in stroke-related cognitive dysfunction...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Janna D Stephens, Allison M Yager, Jerilyn Allen
BACKGROUND: Using smartphone technology and text messaging for health is a growing field. This type of technology is well integrated into the lives of young adults. However, few studies have tested the effect of this type of technology to promote weight loss in young adults OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of a behaviorally based smartphone application for weight loss combined with text messaging from a health coach on weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference in young adults as compared with a control condition...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Janet G Knecht, Patricia J Neafsey
BACKGROUND: Although prescription medication adherence has been studied in the population living with heart failure (HF), little attention has focused on the patient's overall medication practices including over-the-counter medications. Patients with HF live with the certainty that their quality of life depends on the proper management of multiple medications. Failure to properly manage prescription medications increases the risk of exacerbation of HF and increased rates of rehospitalization...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Eun Kyeung Song, Seok-Min Kang
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence on the important role of micronutrients in prognosis of heart failure (HF), there has been limited research that micronutrient deficiency predicts health outcomes in patients with HF. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether micronutrient deficiency independently predicts adverse health outcomes. METHODS: A total of 113 consecutive outpatients with HF completed a 3-day food diary to measure intake of 15 micronutrients...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ruff Joseph Cajanding
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among Filipinos and are responsible for a very large number of hospital readmissions. Comprehensive discharge planning programs have demonstrated positive benefits among various populations of patients with cardiovascular disease, but the clinical and psychosocial effects of such intervention among Filipino patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been studied. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to determine the effectiveness of a nurse-led structured discharge planning program on perceived functional status, cardiac self-efficacy, patient satisfaction, and unexpected hospital revisits among Filipino patients with AMI...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ok Kyung Ham
BACKGROUND: Obesity in children comprises a significant public health concern in Korea. As with increased prevalence of overweight and obesity among children, risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) have also increased in this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine behavioral and socioeconomic factors that were associated with biomarkers of MetS among overweight/obese school-age children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, and a convenience sample of 75 overweight/obese school-age children participated...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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