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Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

Seongkum Heo, Jean McSweeney, T Elaine Prewitt, Jeannette Y Lee, Debra K Moser, Allison Shaw-Devine, Audrey Morell, JinShil Kim, Karen H K Yeary
BACKGROUND: In patients with heart failure (HF), high dietary sodium intake is common and associated with HF symptoms, poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and high hospitalization rates. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the feasibility of a tailored dietary intervention with a practical tool (MyFitnessPal) and to obtain preliminary data about the effects on sodium intake, factors affecting sodium intake (knowledge, skills, experiences, confidence, perceived benefits and barriers, and depressive symptoms), HF symptoms, and HRQOL...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ercole Vellone, Barbara Riegel, Rosaria Alvaro
BACKGROUND: The literature on caregiver contributions to heart failure (HF) patient self-care has grown rapidly during the last few years, but theory guiding this growth is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe a Situation-Specific Theory of Caregiver Contributions to HF Self-care. RESULTS: We describe theoretical assumptions, the process by which caregivers contribute to HF self-care, factors influencing caregiver contributions to HF self-care, known predictors (caregiver, patient, and dyadic related) and outcomes of caregiver contributions to HF...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Benjamin E Young, Paul J Fadel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ting-Tse Lin, Jimmy Jyh-Ming Juang, Jen-Kuang Lee, Chia-Ti Tsai, Chen-Huan Chen, Wen-Chung Yu, Hao-Min Cheng, Yen-Wen Wu, Yu-Wei Chiu, Chi-Tai Kuo, Jin-Jer Chen, Zhih-Cherng Chen, Wei-Ting Chang, Ping-Yen Liu, Po-Wei Chen, Hsueh-Wei Yen, Ying-Chih Chen, Wei-Kung Tseng, Fu-Tien Chiang, Cho-Kai Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether home or ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was associated with preclinical hypertensive cardiovascular target organ damage (TOD). METHODS: We enrolled participants with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension from 11 medical centers within the Taiwan hypertension-associated cardiac disease consortium. Recordings of clinical BP measurement, ambulatory BP monitoring for 24 hours, and home BP monitoring during morning and evening were made...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Min-Jie Chen, Chan-Chan Wu, Li-Hong Wan, Guan-Yang Zou, Susan Holli Neidlinger
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is one of the most important factors underlying uncontrolled blood pressure, and ensuing hypertension is the leading risk factor for stroke. However, the influence of prestroke medication nonadherence on the admission blood pressure of patients with hypertension who have had an ischemic stroke remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to explore the influence of medication nonadherence on the admission blood pressure of patients with hypertension who have had an ischemic stroke and to analyze the reasons for medication nonadherence preceding stroke...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Noa Vilchinsky, Yaffit Horowitz, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Tatiana Berlin, Morris Mosseri
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure (HF) cope with a chronic, life-threatening, particularly disabling medical condition. Their well-being is considered to be at a greater risk than that of patients with any other cardiovascular disease, and their psychological distress is associated with a worse prognosis. These patients are often preoccupied with existential concerns such as fear of death, loneliness, and a loss of sense of meaning. However, there is a dearth of literature regarding psychological interventions that address these issues among this population...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Caterina Checa, Rosa Abellana, Jose-Maria Verdú-Rotellar, Anna Berenguera, Mar Domingo, Esther Calero, Miguel-Angel Muñoz Pérez
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition that usually leads to death a few years after diagnosis. Although several clinical factors have been found to be related to increased mortality, less is known about the impact of social context, especially at the end stage of the disease. Knowing about social context is important to properly classify risk and provide holistic management for patients with advanced HF. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of social context on mortality in patients with advanced HF...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Mei-Zhen Yuan, Qin Fang, Guang-Wei Liu, Min Zhou, Jian-Mei Wu, Chun-Yun Pu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of depression is very common among patients with post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and leads to adverse outcomes. AIMS: The aim of this meta-analysis was to detect risk factors for depression among patients with ACS and to provide clinical evidence for its prevention. METHODS: The authors followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline to search the PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and EBSCO databases from January 1996 to March 2018...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Amy Jo Lisanti, Dorothy Vittner, Barbara Medoff-Cooper, Jennifer Fogel, Gil Wernovsky, Samantha Butler
BACKGROUND: Infants born with critical congenital heart disease (cCHD) who require surgical intervention in the newborn period are often hospitalized in a cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). Cardiac surgery and the CICU environment are traumatic to infants and their families. Infants are exposed to overwhelming stress, which can result in increased pain, physiologic instability, behavioral disorganization, disrupted attachment, and altered brain development. Individualized Family-centered Developmental Care (IFDC) is a model that can address the unique needs and developmental challenges of infants with cCHD...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Barbara Riegel, Claudio Barbaranelli, Beverly Carlson, Kristen A Sethares, Marguerite Daus, Debra K Moser, Jennifer Miller, Onome Henry Osokpo, Solim Lee, Stacey Brown, Ercole Vellone
BACKGROUND: Self-care is essential in people with chronic heart failure (HF). The process of self-care was refined in the revised situation specific theory of HF self-care, so we updated the instrument measuring self-care to match the updated theory. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the revised 29-item Self-Care of Heart Failure Index (SCHFI). METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used in the primary psychometric analysis using data collected at 5 sites in the United States...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Christopher C Imes, Lynn M Baniak, JiYeon Choi, Faith S Luyster, Jonna L Morris, Dianxu Ren, Eileen R Chasens
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent and consequential sleep disorder in older adults. Untreated moderate to severe OSA substantially increases the risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD), which can be attributed to the accelerated progression of atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors that can function as correlates of endothelial function in older adults with untreated, moderate to severe OSA and CVD or CVD risk factors...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Mi-Yeon Kim, Joy L Johnson, Richard Sawatzky
BACKGROUND: Many people with congenital heart disease (CHD) experience psychological distress related to medical complications and psychosocial issues related to the disease. Although studies show that social support and coping strategies are closely associated with psychological distress in people struggling with different chronic health challenges, very little is known about whether the same factors hold true for the psychological distress of people living with CHD. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between types of social support, coping strategies, and psychological distress for individuals living with CHD...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Akiko Okada, Miyuki Tsuchihashi-Makaya, JungHee Kang, Yoshiyuki Aoki, Mariko Fukawa, Shiho Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Exacerbation of heart failure (HF) requires early intervention to prevent hospital admission and to reduce mortality. Early care seeking requires that patients perceive symptoms, accurately evaluate perceived symptoms, and respond appropriately. How perception, evaluation, and response to symptoms are associated with delay in seeking care for worsening symptoms has rarely been studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the associations of perception of symptoms, evaluation of symptoms, and response to symptoms with delayed care seeking in patients with HF and to identify factors associated with delayed care seeking...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Eline Wu, Anders Broström, Jan Mårtensson
BACKGROUND: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive treatment recommended for patients with refractory angina pectoris (RAP), which generally includes 35 one-hour sessions over 7 weeks. No study has described how patients experience the time before, during, and between sessions, as well as the time after EECP treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe how patients with RAP experience EECP treatment. METHODS: Semistructured interviews took place with 15 strategically selected patients (11 men, 58-91 years old) who had finished 7 weeks of EECP at the 2 existing EECP clinics in Sweden...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Telisa Spikes, Melinda Higgins, Arshed Quyyumi, Carolyn Reilly, Pricilla Pemu, Sandra Dunbar
BACKGROUND: African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension and have lower medication adherence when compared to other racial groups. Antecedent factors such as beliefs surrounding hypertension, the presence or absence of social support, and depressive symptoms have not been extensively studied collectively in relation to hypertension medication adherence in African Americans. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations among demographic and clinical factors, depressive symptoms, hypertension beliefs, and social support with blood pressure medication adherence in middle-aged African American adults with a diagnosis of hypertension...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Lindsey Rosman, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, John Cahill, Samuel F Sears
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress can adversely affect heart failure prognosis, yet the immediate and ongoing challenges faced by women diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are not well studied. OBJECTIVE: We examined psychological distress and quality of life in a large, national sample of patients with PPCM and evaluated whether these characteristics differ among newly diagnosed (0-1 year), short-term (2-4 years), and long-term (5-10 years) survivors...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Qiao Zhao, Yujie Guo, Yu Gu, Lei Yang
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is highly prevalent among the older adults. Self-care is an effective method for the secondary prevention of hypertension, but until now, there has been no specialized instrument to evaluate the ability for self-care in elderly Chinese patients with hypertension. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to cross-culturally translate the Self-care of Hypertension Inventory into Chinese and apply it to elderly patients with preliminary hypertension...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Pamela B de Cordova, Mary L Johansen, Kathryn A Riman, Jeannette Rogowski
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is recognized by both the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology as an optimal therapy to treat patients experiencing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. A health policy aimed at improving outcomes for the patient with AMI is public reporting of whether a patient received a PCI. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effect of public reporting for patients with AMI, specifically for those patients who receive PCI...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Jia-Rong Wu, Eun Kyeung Song, Debra K Moser, Terry A Lennie
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C deficiency is prevalent in adults with heart failure (HF). Little is known about the relationship of dietary vitamin C deficiency with health outcomes in adults with HF. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to determine the relationships of vitamin C deficiency measured at baseline with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and cardiac event-free survival in patients with HF measured 1 year later. METHOD: A total of 251 patients with HF completed a 4-day food diary...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Jamie L Jackson, Tondi Harrison, Sarah A Keim
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors have an elevated risk for obesity-related comorbidities, but little is known about racial differences in obesity rates for this population. OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to compare rates of obesity in CHD survivors to national estimates using National Health and Nutrition Examination Assessment Survey (NHANES) and to characterize racial disparities in obesity among CHD survivors across age ranges. METHODS: Retrospective chart review included 4496 CHD survivors (4050 white and 446 black) with a range of lesion severities from a pediatric and an adult medical center...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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