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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326607/effect-of-apparent-depth-cues-on-accommodation-in-a-badal-optometer
#1
Carles Otero, Mikel Aldaba, Beatriz Martínez-Navarro, Jaume Pujol
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyse the effect of peripheral depth cues on accommodation in Badal optometers. METHODS: Monocular refractions at 0.17 and 5.00 D of accommodative stimulus were measured with the PowerRef II autorefractor (Plusoptix Inc., Atlanta, Georgia, USA). Subjects looked (randomly) at four different scenes, one real scene comprising familiar objects at different depth planes (Real) and three virtual scenes comprising different two-dimensional pictures seen through a Badal lens...
March 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295586/optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography-in-type-1-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia
#2
Rajeev R Pappuru, Hari Kumar Peguda, Vivek Pravin Dave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295595/optometry-australia-scope-of-practice-survey-2015
#3
Patricia M Kiely, Skye Cappuccio, Ellen McIntyre
BACKGROUND: This paper presents results from the inaugural Scope of Practice Survey of Optometry Australia members conducted in October 2015. The survey gathered information related to confidence in detecting and diagnosing key ocular conditions, grading diabetic retinopathy, prescribing scheduled medicines, access to equipment, confidence using equipment, incidence of patients requiring therapeutic management, referral practices and services provided. METHODS: The survey was developed, piloted, modified and administered to members of Optometry Australia (excluding student and retired members), who had a current email address...
March 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295635/quality-of-life-and-handling-experience-with-the-prose-device-an-indian-scenario
#4
Pradipta Bhattacharya, Rajeswari Mahadevan
BACKGROUND: PROSE (prosthetic replacement of ocular surface ecosystem) device is a custom-designed, corneal vaulting scleral contact lens, which is used in the treatment of irregular corneal conditions to improve vision and comfort. The present study aimed at assessing the success of the PROSE device in an Indian scenario in terms of change in quality of life and to understand the handling issues related to the device use. METHODS: Thirty-two subjects with various irregular corneal conditions meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the study...
March 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295626/mechanical-meibomian-gland-squeezing-combined-with-eyelid-scrubs-and-warm-compresses-for-the-treatment-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#5
Hun Lee, Minseo Kim, Si Yoon Park, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the efficacy of mechanical meibomian gland squeezing combined with eyelid scrubs and warm compresses in participants with moderate and severe meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). METHODS: In this prospective, uncontrolled, open label, intervention study, 32 eyes of 32 participants with moderate and severe MGD were treated with mechanical squeezing of meibomian glands in combination with eyelid scrubs and warm compresses. We evaluated tear film break-up time (TBUT), corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining scores, biomicroscopic examination of lid margins and meibomian glands, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire and tear film lipid layer thickness determined via an interferometer before initiating treatment and after one month of treatment...
March 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295554/branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-following-cataract-surgery
#6
Silvio Polizzi, Francesco Barca, Tomaso Caporossi, Gianni Virgili, Stanislao Rizzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294406/does-transient-increase-in-axial-length-during-accommodation-attenuate-with-age
#7
Deborah S Laughton, Amy L Sheppard, Edward A H Mallen, Scott A Read, Leon N Davies
BACKGROUND: The aim was to profile transient accommodative axial length changes from early adulthood to advanced presbyopia and to determine whether any differences exist between the responses of myopic and emmetropic individuals. METHODS: Ocular biometry was measured by the LenStar biometer (Haag-Streit, Switzerland) in response to zero, 3.00 and 4.50 D accommodative stimuli in 35 emmetropes and 37 myopes, aged 18 to 60 years. All results were corrected to reduce errors arising from the increase in crystalline lens thickness with accommodation...
March 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281297/never-too-old-late-onset-leber-hereditary-optic-neuropathy
#8
Stephen J Vincent, Kirsty A Lowe, Cindy S Monsour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281296/sydney-barber-josiah-skertchly-1850-1926-scientist-educator-and-advocate-for-queensland-optometry
#9
Stephen J Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266060/self-reported-optometric-practise-patterns-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Barbara Zangerl, Nagi Assaad, Michael Kalloniatis
BACKGROUND: The use of advanced imaging in clinical practice is emerging and the use of this technology by optometrists in assessing patients with age-related macular degeneration is of interest. Therefore, this study explored contemporary, self-reported patterns of practice regarding age-related macular degeneration diagnosis and management using a cross-sectional survey of optometrists in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Practising optometrists were surveyed on four key areas, namely, demographics, clinical skills and experience, assessment and management of age-related macular degeneration...
March 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266057/effect-of-axial-length-on-full-field-and-multifocal-electroretinograms
#11
Ramya Sachidanandam, Priya Ravi, Parveen Sen
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the effect of axial length on full-field electroretinogram (ffERG) and multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) in young Indian subjects. METHODS: One hundred subjects (44 male) with refractive errors from +0.50 to -18.00 DS and no myopic retinopathy underwent axial length measurement. ffERG was measured, which included scotopic and photopic responses according to International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) guidelines...
March 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226407/relationship-between-functional-and-structural-retinal-changes-in-myopic-eyes
#12
Zafer Fahiem Ismael, Amany Abd El-Fattah El-Shazly, Yousra Ahmed Farweez, Marwa Mahmoud Mohammed Osman
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the retinal structure in different grades of myopia and correlate it with the functional changes detected with multifocal electroretinogram (mf-ERG) and try to show the most important determining factors. METHODS: The study included 80 participants divided into four groups according to their spherical equivalent refractive error, namely, emmetropia (within ± 0.50 D), mild myopia group (greater than -0.50 to -3...
February 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222490/the-prevalence-of-convergence-insufficiency-in-iran-a-population-based-study
#13
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Asgar Doostdar, Ehsan Shiralivand, Abbasali Yekta
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of convergence insufficiency and its relationship with age, gender and refractive error in a population-based study. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all residents over one year old in Mashhad city, in the north east of Iran, were sampled through random stratified cluster sampling. After selecting samples and their participation in the study, they all had eye examinations including the measurement of visual acuity, refraction, binocular vision assessment, including cover test, measurement of near point of convergence and fusional vergences and finally, slitlamp biomicroscopy...
February 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222481/effect-of-diquafosol-three-per-cent-ophthalmic-solution-on-tear-film-and-corneal-aberrations-after-cataract-surgery
#14
Hun Lee, Sang Myung Kim, Seonghee Choi, Kyoung Yul Seo, Eung Kweon Kim, Tae-Im Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the effect of diquafosol on tear film parameters and corneal aberrations after cataract surgery. METHODS: This retrospective, comparative, observational case series included patients who underwent cataract surgery with or without peri-operative use of diquafosol three per cent ophthalmic solution. Patients in group I (31 eyes) were treated with diquafosol three per cent ophthalmic solution six times a day from one week before surgery to three months after surgery...
February 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208213/the-correction-of-static-and-dynamic-aniseikonia-with-spectacles-and-contact-lenses
#15
Suzanne McNeill, William R Bobier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194876/biocidal-efficacy-of-multipurpose-solutions-against-gram-negative-organisms-associated-with-corneal-infiltrative-events
#16
Denise Callahan, Christopher Kovacs, Shawn Lynch, Marjorie Rah
BACKGROUND: Because corneal infiltrative events (CIEs) may result from bacterial components on contact lenses, which can come from contaminated lens cases, we evaluated the biocidal efficacy of five multipurpose solutions against Gram-negative commonly isolated and CIE-associated organisms. METHODS: Of the multipurpose solutions tested, one contained polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB)/polyquaternium-1 (PQ-1; Bausch & Lomb Incorporated: Biotrue), one contained alexidine dihydrochloride (alexidine)/PQ-1 (AMO: RevitaLens OcuTec) and three contained PQ-1/myristamidopropyl dimethylamine (MAPD; Alcon: Opti-Free PureMoist, PQ-1/MAPD-1; Opti-Free RepleniSH, PQ-1/MAPD-2; Opti-Free Express, PQ-1/MAPD-3)...
February 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176467/comparison-of-measured-with-calculated-amplitude-of-accommodation-in-nigerian-children-aged-six-to-16-years
#17
Godwin O Ovenseri-Ogbomo, Olalekan A Oduntan
PURPOSE: Amplitude of accommodation varies with race and ethnicity and Hofstetter's equations are commonly used in Nigeria to calculate expected amplitude of accommodation for clinical purposes. The aim of this study was to present normative values for amplitude of accommodation for Nigerian children and to compare the measured values with those calculated using Hofstetter's equations. METHODS: A total of 688 children aged six to 16 years from three selected cities in Nigeria were included in the study...
February 8, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176379/care-solution-effects-on-contact-lens-in-vivo-wettability
#18
Raied Fagehi, E Ian Pearce, Katherine Oliver, Ali A Abusharha, Alan Tomlinson
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of care solutions on contact lens in vivo wettability using Doane's interferometric technique. METHODS: Thirteen subjects (aged 26.6 ± 6.3 years) participated for contact lens wettability evaluation after soaking in five care solutions namely Opti-Free EverMoist (now called puremoist), Opti-Free Express (Alcon), COMPLETE (AMO), ReNu and Biotrue (Bausch & Lomb). A new pair of lenses was soaked in the solutions for eight hours (prior to wear) or taken directly from pack solutions (as control) and worn by the subjects...
February 8, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176367/a-case-of-commotio-retinae-following-champagne-cork-injury
#19
Kwang Meng Cham, Danielle Nicole Di Pasquale, Alexandra Jaworski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176366/advancing-cultural-competence-in-optometry
#20
Mandy Truong, Suzanne Selig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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