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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781186/the-slow-light-and-dark-oscillation-of-the-clinical-electro-oculogram
#1
Paul A Constable, David Ngo
BACKGROUND: The standing potential of the eye exhibits a slow damped oscillation under light and dark conditions that continues for at least 80 minutes. However, our understanding of the relationship between the slow dark and light oscillation has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to explore through regression analysis a model of these oscillations in order to establish if they may have the same underlying cellular generators. METHODS: Healthy participants undertook recordings of the standing potential using the electro-oculogram for 100 minutes...
May 20, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770499/sixteen-and-a-half-syndrome-a-variant-in-the-spectrum-of-fisher-s-one-and-a-half-syndrome
#2
Christopher J Borgman, Alex M Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770493/effectiveness-of-interventions-in-improving-compliance-to-spectacle-wear-and-referral-in-school-vision-screening
#3
Anuradha Narayanan, Krishna Kumar Ramani
BACKGROUND: Success of a school vision screening program depends on compliance with the advice that is offered to the children. This study evaluates the effect of an intervention package on compliance to spectacle wear and referral in a school vision screening program. METHODS: Among 8,442 children aged 13-17 years in 11 government schools in and around Chennai, India, 114 (2.2 per cent) children who required spectacles were allocated to the control arm (5,116 children) and 124 (3...
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770491/customised-spectacles-using-3-d-printing-technology
#4
Onder Ayyildiz
BACKGROUND: This study describes a novel method of customised spectacles prototyping and manufacturing using 3-D printing technology. METHODS: The procedure for manufacturing customised spectacles using 3-D printing technology in this study involved five steps: patient selection; using surface topography; 3-D printing of the phantom model; 3-D designing of the spectacles; and 3-D printing of the spectacles. RESULTS: The effective time required for 3-D printing of the spectacles was 14 hours...
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740867/test-retest-reproducibility-of-accommodative-facility-measures-in-primary-school-children
#5
Paul Adler, Andrew J Scally, Brendan T Barrett
BACKGROUND: To determine the test-retest reproducibility of accommodative facility (AF) measures in an unselected sample of UK primary school children. METHODS: Using ±2.00 DS flippers and a viewing distance of 40 cm, AF was measured in 136 children (range 4-12 years, average 8.1 ± 2.1) by five testers on three occasions (average interval between successive tests: eight days, range 1-21 days). On each occasion, AF was measured monocularly and binocularly, for two minutes...
May 8, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740864/re-the-factors-influencing-retinal-thickness-in-diabetic-patients
#6
LETTER
Kemal Tekin, Merve Inanc, Mustafa Koc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726035/a-case-of-topless-disc-syndrome-superior-segmental-optic-hypoplasia
#7
William Shew, Richard A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701308/multicolour-imaging-in-a-patient-with-optic-disc-pit-maculopathy
#8
Kumar Saurabh, Rupak Roy, Dhaivat Shah, Subham Sinha Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701256/homonymous-hemiretinal-macular-ganglion-cell-complex-thinning-following-occipital-lobe-trauma
#9
Stephen J Vincent, Damien Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682791/prevalence-of-refractive-errors-in-children-in-india-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sethu Sheeladevi, Bharani Seelam, Phanindra B Nukella, Aditi Modi, Rahul Ali, Lisa Keay
Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. A detailed literature search was performed to include all population and school-based studies published from India between January 1990 and January 2017, using the Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase...
April 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675867/patient-perspectives-of-cataract-surgery-protocol-and-baseline-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#11
Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Anna Palagyi, Andrew White, Fiona J Stapleton, Nicole Carnt, Lisa Keay
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are becoming increasingly recognised as a key component in assessing the relative effectiveness of cataract surgery. This manuscript presents the protocol methodology and baseline characteristics of a prospective cohort study investigating patient-centred predictors of cataract surgery outcomes. METHODS: Patients with bilateral cataract (aged ≥ 50 years) scheduled for their first eye cataract surgery were recruited at four public hospitals and three private ophthalmology clinics in Sydney, Australia...
April 19, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656476/topiramate-induced-secondary-angle-closure-salient-points-in-management
#12
Lewis Lam, Nancy Wang, Sue Ormonde, Michael Merriman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656445/the-factors-influencing-retinal-thickness-in-diabetic-patients
#13
LETTER
Muhammed Şahin, Alparslan Şahin, Fatih Mehmet Türkcü
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635865/eye-care-in-young-children-a-parent-survey-exploring-access-and-barriers
#14
Lisa Donaldson, Ahalya Subramanian, Miriam L Conway
BACKGROUND: A questionnaire was designed to investigate the attitudes of parents toward eye care for their young children (4-6-year-olds) and possible barriers to accessing eye care for this age group. An exploration was undertaken to determine whether these beliefs and barriers are influenced by certain demographic factors such as ethnicity, level of parental income, level of parental education, confidence with speaking English and a reported family history of eye problems. METHODS: A total of 1,317 questionnaires (hard copies) were distributed to parents of children in primary school reception and year one classes (ages four to six) from 14 schools across five London boroughs...
April 10, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633383/efficacy-of-coloured-overlays-and-lenses-for-treating-reading-difficulty-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#15
REVIEW
Catherine M Suttle, John G Lawrenson, Miriam L Conway
Coloured overlays or lenses are widely available for use by children and adults with difficulties or discomfort while reading. In recent years, systematic reviews have been conducted in an attempt to establish the strength of the evidence base for this intervention. The aim of this overview is to systematically review these reviews. The methodology was published prospectively as a protocol (Prospero CRD42017059172). Online databases Medline, Cinahl, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched for systematic reviews on the efficacy of coloured overlays or lenses for the alleviation of reading difficulty or discomfort...
April 6, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601092/different-visual-development-norms-for-visual-acuity-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome
#16
Asma Aa Zahidi, Valldeflors Vinuela-Navarro, J Margaret Woodhouse
BACKGROUND: Visual acuity is known to be poorer in children with Down's syndrome than in age-matched controls. However, to date, clinicians do not have access to norms for children with Down's syndrome that allow differential discrimination of healthy from anomalous visual development in this population. METHODS: The Down's Syndrome Vision Research Unit at Cardiff University has been monitoring visual development in a large cohort of children since 1992. Cross-sectional data on binocular visual acuity were retrospectively analysed for 159 children up to 12 years of age in order to establish binocular acuity norms...
March 30, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577442/diet-and-risk-of-myopia-in-three-year-old-singapore-children-the-gusto-cohort
#17
Sharon Y-L Chua, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Chuen-Seng Tan, Laurence S Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Peter D Gluckman, Fabian Yap, Ching-Yu Cheng, Cheryl S Ngo, Tien-Yin Wong, Mary F-F Chong, Seang-Mei Saw
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between dietary intakes at six, nine and 12 months and risk of myopia in three-year-old children in a birth cohort. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study were included. Dietary intake at six, nine and 12 months of age was ascertained using either 24-hour recalls or three-day food diaries completed by parents. Cycloplegia was achieved with three drops of one per cent cycloplentolate instilled at five minute intervals...
March 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577409/effect-of-treatment-of-symptomatic-convergence-insufficiency-on-reading-in-children-a-pilot-study
#18
Mitchell Scheiman, Christopher Chase, Eric Borsting, Gladys Lynn Mitchell, Marjean T Kulp, Susan A Cotter
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency using office-based vergence/accommodative therapy on reading skills in children. METHODS: Children (n = 44) ages nine to 17 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency were administered the following four reading tests: Wechsler Individual Achievement Test II; Test of Word Reading Efficiency; Test of Silent Word Reading Fluency; and the Gray Oral Reading Test, at baseline and eight weeks after completion of a 16-week program of office-based vergence/accommodative therapy...
March 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575034/accommodative-accuracy-by-retinoscopy-versus-autorefraction-spherical-equivalent-or-horizontal-meridian-power
#19
Angeline T Nguyen, Jenna L Wayne, Ayeswarya Ravikumar, Ruth E Manny, Heather A Anderson
BACKGROUND: To assess agreement between accommodative lag by monocular estimation method (MEM) retinoscopy and Nott retinoscopy compared to open-field autorefraction using spherical equivalent versus power in the 180 meridian for both children and adults. METHODS: Twenty-six children aged 7-16 years (mean: 9.9 ± 2.3) and 27 adults aged 22-29 years (mean: 24.2 ± 1.7) participated. Accommodative lag was measured by examiners with autorefraction and separate examiners using MEM and Nott retinoscopy while subjects viewed 6/18 letters at 33 cm...
March 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575019/reduced-vision-refractive-errors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adolescents-in-rural-china
#20
Chen-Wei Pan, Rong-Kun Wu, Pei Wang, Jun Li, Hua Zhong
BACKGROUND: To determine the associations of reduced presenting visual acuity (VA), refractive errors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in healthy adolescents in rural China. METHODS: A total of 2,235 grade 7 students without systemic medical problems from 10 middle schools aged 13-14 years in Mojiang, a small county located in southwestern China, were included in the analysis. Reduced VA was defined as presenting VA of worse than 6/12 in the presence of an ophthalmic aetiology which could be identified...
March 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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