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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193361/automatic-analysis-of-corneal-nerves-imaged-using-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy
#1
REVIEW
Juno Kim, Maria Markoulli
Interest has grown over the past decade in using in vivo confocal microscopy to analyse the morphology of corneal nerves and their changes over time. Advances in computational modelling techniques have been applied to automate the estimation of sub-basal nerve structure. These objective methods have the potential to quantify nerve density (and length), tortuosity, variations in nerve thickness, as well as temporal changes in nerve fibres such as migration patterns. Different approaches to automated nerve analysis, methods proposed and how they were validated in previous literature are reviewed...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193322/vision-screening-at-two-years-does-not-reduce-the-prevalence-of-reduced-vision-at-four-and-a-half-years-of-age
#2
Lucy Goodman, Arijit Chakraborty, Nabin Paudel, Tzu-Ying Yu, Robert J Jacobs, Jane E Harding, Benjamin Thompson, Nicola S Anstice
BACKGROUND: There is currently insufficient evidence to recommend vision screening for children < 36 months of age. This study assessed the effect of comprehensive vision screening, as well as the sensitivity of age-appropriate vision tests, at two years of age on habitual visual acuity at 4.5 years of age. METHODS: Children born at risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia (n = 477) underwent vision assessment at 54 ± 2 months of age including measurement of monocular and binocular habitual visual acuity, assessment of binocularity and stereopsis...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193320/contrast-balanced-binocular-treatment-in-children-with-deprivation-amblyopia
#3
Lisa M Hamm, Zidong Chen, Jinrong Li, Shuan Dai, Joanna Black, Junpeng Yuan, Minbin Yu, Benjamin Thompson
BACKGROUND: Children with deprivation amblyopia due to childhood cataract have been excluded from much of the emerging research into amblyopia treatment. An investigation was conducted to determine whether contrast-balanced binocular treatment - a strategy currently being explored for children with anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia - may be effective in children with deprivation amblyopia. METHODS: An unmasked, case-series design intended to assess proof of principle was employed...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178179/multimodal-imaging-of-posterior-ocular-involvement-in-mcardle-s-disease
#4
Giuseppe Casalino, Wing Chan, Clara McAvoy, Michele Coppola, Francesco Bandello, Alan C Bird, Usha Chakravarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171100/impact-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-on-object-searches-in-realistic-panoramic-scenes
#5
Miguel Thibaut, Thi-Ha-Chau Tran, Sebastien Szaffarczyk, Muriel Boucart
BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether realistic immersive conditions with dynamic indoor scenes presented on a large, hemispheric panoramic screen covering 180° of the visual field improved the visual search abilities of participants with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHOD: Twenty-one participants with AMD, 16 age-matched controls and 16 young observers were included. Realistic indoor scenes were presented on a panoramic five metre diameter screen...
November 23, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166704/the-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-seven-year-old-children
#6
Soraya Ghaderi, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To report the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in seven-year-old children in Iran and its relationship with socio-economic conditions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional population-based study, first-grade students in the primary schools of eight cities in the country were randomly selected from different geographic locations using multistage cluster sampling. The examinations included visual acuity measurement, ocular motility evaluation, and cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166701/when-is-protection-from-impact-needed-for-the-face-as-well-as-the-eyes-in-occupational-environments
#7
Stephen J Dain, Rose Huang, Aimee Tiao, B Ralph Chou
BACKGROUND: The most commonly identified reason for requiring or using occupational eye and face protection is for protection against flying objects. Standards vary on what risk may require protection of the eyes alone and what requires protection for the whole face. Information on the minimum energy transfer for face damage to occur is not well-established. METHODS: The heads of pigs were used as the common model for human skin. A 6 mm steel ball projected at velocities between 45 and 135 m/s was directed at the face area...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150866/the-minimum-test-battery-to-screen-for-binocular-vision-anomalies-report-3-of-the-band-study
#8
Jameel Rizwana Hussaindeen, Archayeeta Rakshit, Neeraj Kumar Singh, Meenakshi Swaminathan, Ronnie George, Suman Kapur, Mitchell Scheiman, Krishna Kumar Ramani
PURPOSE: This study aims to report the minimum test battery needed to screen non-strabismic binocular vision anomalies (NSBVAs) in a community set-up. When large numbers are to be screened we aim to identify the most useful test battery when there is no opportunity for a more comprehensive and time-consuming clinical examination. METHODS: The prevalence estimates and normative data for binocular vision parameters were estimated from the Binocular Vision Anomalies and Normative Data (BAND) study, following which cut-off estimates and receiver operating characteristic curves to identify the minimum test battery have been plotted...
November 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136680/developing-prognostic-biomarkers-in-intermediate-age-related-macular-degeneration-their-clinical-use-in-predicting-progression
#9
REVIEW
Angelica Ly, Michael Yapp, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Nagi Assaad, Michael Hennessy, Michael Kalloniatis
Age-related macular degeneration is a common, complex and blinding eye disease. When early and intermediate levels of severity are detected in one or both eyes, there is a wide-ranging 0.4 to 53 per cent risk of progression to advanced disease in five years. In order to maximise visual outcomes for their patients, practising eye-care professionals must be able to stratify patients according to their risk of progression, intervene (for example by recommending smoking cessation or nutritional supplements and Amsler grid self-monitoring in intermediate disease) and monitor accordingly...
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134698/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-mimicking-as-choroiditis
#10
Pradeep Kumar Panigrahi, Madan Mohan Mahapatra, Anita Minj, Jasmita Satapathy, Swati Samant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134696/refractive-changes-after-intravitreal-ranibizumab-injections-for-diabetic-macular-oedema
#11
Irini Chatziralli, Athanasios Chatzipantelis, Eleni Dimitriou, Evgenia Mpourouki, George Theodossiadis, Panagiotis Theodossiadis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate refractive changes after intravitreal ranibizumab injections for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema. METHODS: Participants in this retrospective study were 35 patients (35 eyes) with diabetic macular oedema, who received intravitreal ranibizumab injections. Spherical equivalent refractive power was evaluated before treatment and at least one month after the last injection where no fluid existed. Demographic characteristics, visual acuity, central retinal thickness and the number of injections were recorded and analysed...
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134694/intracorneal-haemorrhage-after-intravitreal-injections
#12
Aditi G Dastidar, Ravi D Barbhaya, Chinmayi Vyas, Kumar Saurabh, Rupak Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132193/impact-of-supervised-student-optometry-consultations-on-the-patient-experience
#13
Sharon A Bentley, Jane E Trevaskis, Craig A Woods, Daryl Guest, Kathleen G Watt
BACKGROUND: Understanding patient perceptions of having students involved in their clinical care is important as we strive to develop optimal models of care that integrate teaching with the best possible experience for the patient. The aim was to ascertain the impact of supervised optometry student consultations on the patient experience. METHODS: A survey comprising 45 questions was mailed to consecutive adult patients who had undergone a comprehensive eye examination at the Australian College of Optometry over a four-week period...
November 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130529/anterior-segment-morphology-after-laser-iridotomy-in-primary-angle-closure-suspects
#14
Tarannum Mansoori, Nagalla Balakrishna
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the changes in anterior segment parameters in primary angle closure suspects before and after laser peripheral iridotomy and intrasession repeatability of measurements before laser iridotomy as assessed by Scheimpflug-Placido disc topographer. METHODS: Before laser iridotomy, 56 eyes of 56 primary angle closure suspect patients underwent anterior segment analysis with the Sirius Scheimpflug-Placido disc topographer system using glaucoma analysis mode, which was repeated a week after iridotomy...
November 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130523/subclinical-thinning-of-macular-ganglion-cell-layer-in-leber-optic-neuropathy-carriers
#15
Julio González-Martín-Moro, Maria Castro-Rebollo, Inés Contreras, Ane Pérez-Sarriegui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124780/refractive-error-and-vision-correction-in-a-general-sports-playing-population
#16
Fabrizio Zeri, Sabrina Pitzalis, Assunta Di Vizio, Tiziana Ruffinatto, Fabrizio Egizi, Francesco Di Russo, Richard Armstrong, Shehzad A Naroo
PURPOSE: To evaluate, in an amateur sports-playing population, the prevalence of refractive error, the type of vision correction used during sport and attitudes toward different kinds of vision correction used in various types of sports. METHOD: A questionnaire was used for people engaging in sport and data was collected from sport centres, gyms and universities that focused on the motor sciences. RESULTS: One thousand, five hundred and seventy-three questionnaires were collected (mean age 26...
November 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105120/reasons-for-spectacle-reassessment-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre-over-a-period-of-six-years
#17
Vijayalakshmi Arumugam, Sumeer Singh, Krishna Kumar Ramani
BACKGROUND: To determine the spectacle reassessment rates of dissatisfied patients returning to the optical services department of a tertiary eye centre in India over a period of six years. METHODS: A total of 169,567 spectacles were dispensed from the optical services department between January 2010 and December 2015. The spectacle reassessment forms of dissatisfied patients who returned to the optical services department with their spectacles were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 797 spectacle reassessment forms were analysed...
November 3, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094468/dolichoectasia-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-a-report-of-two-cases-masquerading-as-glaucoma
#18
Magdalena Edington, Thomas Siempis, Donald Montgomery, Prem Venkatesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090488/validation-of-keratometric-measurements-obtained-with-an-intraoperative-image-guided-system-intra-session-repeatability-and-interchangeability-with-an-optical-biometer
#19
Clara Ruiz-Belda, Fermín Rodrigo, David P Piñero
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intra-session repeatability of keratometric measurements obtained in healthy eyes with the Verion image-guided system (Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, Texas, USA) as well as the interchangeability of such measurements with those obtained with an optical biometer (Aladdin, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan). METHODS: A total of 53 eyes of 53 patients (age 31-67 years) were enrolled in the study. All eyes received a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination including an analysis with the Verion image-guided and Aladdin systems...
October 31, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090482/sighting-ocular-dominance-magnitude-varies-with-test-distance
#20
Raymond Ho, Benjamin Thompson, Raiju J Babu, Kristine Dalton
BACKGROUND: Ocular dominance can be defined as the preference of an individual for viewing with one eye over the other for particular visual tasks. It is relevant to monovision contact lens wear, cataract surgery and sports vision. Clinically, the measurement of ocular dominance is typically done at an arbitrary distance using a sighting test, such as the hole-in-card method that has a binary outcome. We investigated the effect of test distance on ocular dominance measured using a binocular sighting test that provided a continuous measurement of dominance...
October 31, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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