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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989226/reduced-vision-in-a-diabetic-patient-due-to-incidental-leukaemic-retinopathy
#1
Olga Tsiamita, Thomas Siempis, Mohan Varikkara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989206/microbial-keratitis-following-intracorneal-ring-implantation
#2
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Masoud Mirghorbani, Zahra Fallah Tafti, Firoozeh Rahimi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify predisposing factors, the clinical course and visual outcomes in patients with keratitis after intracorneal ring implantation. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 11 patients with documented keratitis after intracorneal ring implantation and 71 matched controls with uncomplicated surgery were enrolled. Patients were examined for slitlamp findings and corrected distance visual acuity at time of the initial presentation, one month later and six months later...
July 10, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971817/choroidal-detachments-what-do-optometrists-need-to-know
#3
REVIEW
Martin Q Diep, Michele C Madigan
Choroidal detachments occur when there is an accumulation of fluid or blood in the suprachoroidal space, a potential space situated between the choroid and the sclera. They are an uncommon ocular pathology. The most common cause of choroidal detachment is secondary to trabeculectomy; however, there are other causes such as trauma and inflammation. Clinically, choroidal detachments may vary in presentation from asymptomatic, to very poor vision, severe ocular pain, vomiting and nausea. Ocular findings associated with choroidal detachments include serous retinal detachment, secondary angle closure, and a very shallow anterior chamber...
July 4, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961989/focal-cortical-cataract-due-to-caterpillar-hair-migration
#4
Julio González-Martín-Moro, Inés Contreras-Martín, Maria Castro-Rebollo, Irene Fuentes-Vega, Jesús Zarallo-Gallardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938834/clinical-applicability-of-the-saccadic-vector-optokinetic-perimeter-in-children-with-and-without-visual-impairment
#5
Samantha K Simkin, Stuti L Misra, Apurva Kasture, Charles Nj McGhee, Shuan Dai
BACKGROUND: Common paediatric perimetry techniques require central fixation and subjective responses, which may be challenging for young or cognitively impaired children. The Saccadic Vector Optokinetic Perimeter (SVOP) was designed to overcome these challenges by using infra-red eye tracking to assess the visual field. This study assessed the clinical feasibility of SVOP in children without visual impairment, comparing it to current paediatric techniques, and in children with visual impairment...
June 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938826/visual-musculoskeletal-and-balance-symptoms-in-individuals-with-visual-impairment
#6
Christina Zetterlund, Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Hans Olof Richter
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment is globally among the most prevalent disabilities. Research concerning the health consequences of visual deficits is challenged by confounding effects of age, because visual impairment becomes more prevalent with age. This study investigates the influence of visual deficits on visual, musculoskeletal and balance symptoms in adults with and without visual impairment, while controlling for age effects. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with visual impairment, aged 18-72 years, were compared to 37 age-matched controls with normal vision, allocated to two age groups: < 45 and ≥ 45 years...
June 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931734/evaluation-of-corneal-and-lens-clarity-in-unilateral-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-a-densitometric-analysis
#7
Irfan Durukan
BACKGROUND: Although ageing is the main reason for cataract progression, pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES) represents an independent additional hazard for the development of nuclear sclerosis and cataract progression. PES can also affect corneal properties. From this perspective, this study aimed to perform a comparison of the corneal and lens densitometry measurements in eyes with PES and age-matched healthy eyes. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 31 patients with unilateral PES and 40 control participants...
June 21, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923333/the-varied-presentations-of-siderosis-from-retained-intraocular-foreign-body
#8
Mohammad S Dowlut, David S Curragh, Maria Napier, Brian Herron, Gawn McIlwaine, Richard Best, Wing Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895093/does-the-virtual-refractor-patient-simulator-improve-student-competency-when-refracting-in-the-consulting-room
#9
Mohammed S Alhazmi, Craig W Butler, Barbara M Junghans
BACKGROUND: The use of patient simulators in ophthalmic education appears limited. This study examines the effects of the addition of the 'Virtual Refractor' patient simulator learning activity into a short unit preparing students to determine the power of the spectacle lenses required by patients in a clinic. METHODS: Twenty-four year one optometry students were randomly assigned to either the simulator-intervention group (n = 12) or the non-intervention group...
June 12, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797453/management-of-digital-eye-strain
#10
REVIEW
Chantal Coles-Brennan, Anna Sulley, Graeme Young
Digital eye strain, an emerging public health issue, is a condition characterised by visual disturbance and/or ocular discomfort related to the use of digital devices and resulting from a range of stresses on the ocular environment. This review aims to provide an overview of the extensive literature on digital eye strain research with particular reference to the clinical management of symptoms. As many as 90 per cent of digital device users experience symptoms of digital eye strain. Many studies suggest that the following factors are associated with digital eye strain: uncorrected refractive error (including presbyopia), accommodative and vergence anomalies, altered blinking pattern (reduced rate and incomplete blinking), excessive exposure to intense light, closer working distance, and smaller font size...
May 23, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781186/the-slow-light-and-dark-oscillation-of-the-clinical-electro-oculogram
#11
Paul A Constable, David Ngo
BACKGROUND: The standing potential of the eye exhibits a slow damped oscillation under light and dark conditions that continues for at least 80 minutes. However, our understanding of the relationship between the slow dark and light oscillation has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to explore through regression analysis a model of these oscillations in order to establish if they may have the same underlying cellular generators. METHODS: Healthy participants undertook recordings of the standing potential using the electro-oculogram for 100 minutes...
May 20, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770499/sixteen-and-a-half-syndrome-a-variant-in-the-spectrum-of-fisher-s-one-and-a-half-syndrome
#12
Christopher J Borgman, Alex M Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770493/effectiveness-of-interventions-in-improving-compliance-to-spectacle-wear-and-referral-in-school-vision-screening
#13
Anuradha Narayanan, Krishna Kumar Ramani
BACKGROUND: Success of a school vision screening program depends on compliance with the advice that is offered to the children. This study evaluates the effect of an intervention package on compliance to spectacle wear and referral in a school vision screening program. METHODS: Among 8,442 children aged 13-17 years in 11 government schools in and around Chennai, India, 114 (2.2 per cent) children who required spectacles were allocated to the control arm (5,116 children) and 124 (3...
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770491/customised-spectacles-using-3-d-printing-technology
#14
Onder Ayyildiz
BACKGROUND: This study describes a novel method of customised spectacles prototyping and manufacturing using 3-D printing technology. METHODS: The procedure for manufacturing customised spectacles using 3-D printing technology in this study involved five steps: patient selection; using surface topography; 3-D printing of the phantom model; 3-D designing of the spectacles; and 3-D printing of the spectacles. RESULTS: The effective time required for 3-D printing of the spectacles was 14 hours...
May 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740867/test-retest-reproducibility-of-accommodative-facility-measures-in-primary-school-children
#15
Paul Adler, Andrew J Scally, Brendan T Barrett
BACKGROUND: To determine the test-retest reproducibility of accommodative facility (AF) measures in an unselected sample of UK primary school children. METHODS: Using ±2.00 DS flippers and a viewing distance of 40 cm, AF was measured in 136 children (range 4-12 years, average 8.1 ± 2.1) by five testers on three occasions (average interval between successive tests: eight days, range 1-21 days). On each occasion, AF was measured monocularly and binocularly, for two minutes...
May 8, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740864/re-the-factors-influencing-retinal-thickness-in-diabetic-patients
#16
LETTER
Kemal Tekin, Merve Inanc, Mustafa Koc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726035/a-case-of-topless-disc-syndrome-superior-segmental-optic-hypoplasia
#17
William Shew, Richard A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701308/multicolour-imaging-in-a-patient-with-optic-disc-pit-maculopathy
#18
Kumar Saurabh, Rupak Roy, Dhaivat Shah, Subham Sinha Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701256/homonymous-hemiretinal-macular-ganglion-cell-complex-thinning-following-occipital-lobe-trauma
#19
Stephen J Vincent, Damien Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682791/prevalence-of-refractive-errors-in-children-in-india-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Sethu Sheeladevi, Bharani Seelam, Phanindra B Nukella, Aditi Modi, Rahul Ali, Lisa Keay
Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. A detailed literature search was performed to include all population and school-based studies published from India between January 1990 and January 2017, using the Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase...
April 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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