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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457271/does-the-temperature-of-an-artificial-tear-affect-its-comfort
#1
Etty Bitton, Vanessa Crncich, Noemie Brunet
BACKGROUND: Refrigerated eye-drops have been advocated in cases of ocular allergies to provide a soothing effect upon instillation. This notion continues to be promoted by practitioners for artificial tears (AT) in the management of dry eye (DE) with little support in the literature. To further substantiate claims of a soothing effect of cold eye-drops, the aim of this study was to determine if refrigeration of an AT enhanced the subjective comfort upon instillation. METHODS: Participants with mild to moderate DE participated in an open label contralateral study of two weeks duration...
February 18, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444552/optometry-facilitated-teleophthalmology-an-audit-of-the-first-year-in-western-australia
#2
Stephen E Bartnik, Stephen P Copeland, Angela J Aicken, Angus W Turner
BACKGROUND: Lions Outback Vision has run a state-wide teleophthalmology service since 2011. In September 2015 the Australian federal government introduced a Medicare reimbursement for optometry-facilitated teleophthalmology consultations under specific circumstances. This audit demonstrates the first 12 months experience with this scheme. We aim to provide practical insights for others looking to embed a telemedicine program as part of delivering outreach clinical services. METHODS: A 12-month retrospective audit was performed between September 2015 and August 2016, inclusive...
February 14, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392811/optical-treatment-of-amblyopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Lisa Asper, Kathleen Watt, Sieu Khuu
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that amblyopia can often be treated by optical treatment alone, many practitioners still do not use an optical-correction-only phase in amblyopia treatment and some investigators omit this important step in their research. This paper aims to systematically review the evidence for the optical treatment of strabismic, refractive and combined-mechanism amblyopia and to quantify the evidence via a meta-analysis. METHODS: A search of online databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, the Cochrane Library, and bibliographies of review papers, along with subsequent personal communication, resulted in 29 papers that met our inclusion criteria, with 20 providing sufficient data for the calculation of effect sizes...
February 2, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388255/glaucomatous-progression-in-the-retinal-nerve-fibre-and-retinal-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layers-determined-using-optical-coherence-tomography-guided-progression-analysis
#4
Young Hoon Hwang, Yeji Kim, Jae Keun Chung, Kwan Bok Lee
BACKGROUND: To investigate the characteristics of glaucomatous progression in circumpapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and macular retinal ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) determined using optical coherence tomography-guided progression analysis (OCT-GPA). METHODS: Serial OCT images of 527 glaucomatous eyes with greater than four OCT tests were screened. Among them, 106 (20.1 per cent) eyes with progression in either RNFL or GCIPL determined using OCT-GPA were included...
February 1, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377291/stereopsis-are-we-assessing-it-in-enough-depth
#5
REVIEW
Anna R O'Connor, Laurence P Tidbury
The assessment of stereoacuity is an integral part of the ophthalmic assessment, with the responses used to inform clinical management decisions. Stereoacuity impacts on many aspects of life, but there are discrepancies reported where people without measurable stereoacuity report appreciating 3-D vision. This could be due, in part, to the presentation of the stimuli. A literature review was undertaken to evaluate current assessment techniques, how they relate to patient outcomes, identify the limitations of current tests and discuss how they could be improved...
January 27, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359351/changes-in-retina-and-choroid-after-haemodialysis-assessed-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#6
Yu Zhang, Huan Weng, Qingjian Li, Zhiliang Wang
BACKGROUND: Reports of choroidal and retinal changes before and after haemodialysis are few and have been controversial. Traditional imaging modalities are insufficient for quantitative assessment. This study aims to use optical coherence tomography angiography to monitor the short-term vascular density and thickness changes in retina and choroid before and after haemodialysis. METHODS: Seventy-seven eyes of 77 patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing haemodialysis were included...
January 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356102/self-assessment-of-refractive-errors-using-a-simple-optical-approach
#7
Alexander Leube, Caroline Kraft, Arne Ohlendorf, Siegfried Wahl
BACKGROUND: This explorative study investigated procedures for the self-assessment of spherocylindrical refractive errors. METHODS: Eighteen participants with a mean age of 34.0 ± 8.8 years were enrolled. Adjustable Alvarez lenses were mounted in a rotatable ring holder and two procedures were tested for the self-adjustment: (1) rotation of the lens in three meridians: 0°, 60° and 120° and (2) rotation of the optotypes in the same meridians. Starting from maximum positive power, the participants were required to decrease the power of the Alvarez lens until the optotypes (0...
January 21, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356077/static-and-dynamic-pupillometry-data-of-healthy-individuals
#8
Kemal Tekin, Mehmet Ali Sekeroglu, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Sibel Doguizi, Merve Inanc, Pelin Yilmazbas
BACKGROUND: This study sought to determine normative static and dynamic pupillometry data in different age groups in a healthy population, and to investigate the effects of age on pupillometric characteristics. METHODS: Pupillometry measurements were undertaken on 155 healthy participants using an automatic quantitative pupillometry system. Static pupillometry measurements were undertaken; these included scotopic pupil diameter (PD), mesopic PD, low photopic PD and high photopic PD values...
January 21, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345003/investigation-of-attributes-which-guide-choice-in-cataract-surgery-services-in-urban-sydney-australia
#9
Celeste Gilbert, Lisa Keay, Anna Palagyi, Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Nicole Carnt, Fiona Stapleton, Tracey-Lea Laba
BACKGROUND: It is critical to consult patients to develop patient-centred cataract surgery care. We aimed to identify attributes patients consider when making decisions about cataract surgery in an Australian context, where both publicly and privately funded surgery are available. This is the first step in investigating how decisions are made about cataract surgery services. METHODS: This observational qualitative study was undertaken in two public hospitals and one private practice in Sydney, Australia...
January 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323426/vision-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Julie-Anne Little
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition with approximately 1-2 per cent prevalence in the population. The condition has lifelong effects for the individual and family, and early intervention and management helps maximise quality of life and outcomes. Many studies of vision in ASD have attempted to link the behavioural and sensory deficits in ASD with underlying visual processing. From this work, it is clear that individuals with ASD 'see' and process the world differently, but there remain gaps in our understanding...
January 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323424/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-ophthalmic-solutions-on-silicone-hydrogel-bandage-lens-material-senofilcon-a
#11
Nejla B Erdal, Karin H Adolfsson, Sara De Lima, Minna Hakkarainen
BACKGROUND: Acuvue Oasys silicone hydrogel contact lenses (Senofilcon A) are used as bandage lenses and often combined with ophthalmic solutions in the treatment of ocular diseases. Concerns have been raised regarding the compatibility and effect of eye-drop solutions on the bandage lenses, which have led to frequent replacement of lenses causing clinical problems. Some patients experience pain or discomfort during treatments and the accumulation of drugs and preservatives in lenses has been suggested as a possible reason...
January 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232765/influence-of-mouth-and-jaw-movements-on-dynamics-of-spontaneous-eye-blink-activity-assessed-during-slitlamp-biomicroscopy
#12
Michael J Doughty
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oculo-mandibular interactions during evaluation of spontaneous eye blink rate (SEBR) of normal young adult human subjects while seated at a slitlamp. METHODS: Repeat video recordings of five minutes duration were made on 76 young adult emmetropic subjects aged 18-25 years. The subjects were instructed to direct their gaze horizontally toward a distant target with the entire cornea of the left eye illuminated with a broad beam cobalt blue light...
December 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232763/lymphangiectasia
#13
Peter G Swann, Tina Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232760/the-association-of-keratoconus-with-blepharitis
#14
Dina Mostovoy, Shlomo Vinker, Michael Mimouni, Yakov Goldich, Shmuel Levartovsky, Igor Kaiserman
BACKGROUND: Identifying potentially treatable risk factors for the progression of keratoconus is of great importance. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between blepharitis and keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective, comparative, observational study, 50 keratoconus participants from the central district of the Clalit Health Services Health Maintenance Organization in Israel underwent comprehensive eye examination. Seventy-two healthy medical personnel of similar ages were randomly chosen as a control group...
December 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193361/automatic-analysis-of-corneal-nerves-imaged-using-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy
#15
REVIEW
Juno Kim, Maria Markoulli
Interest has grown over the past decade in using in vivo confocal microscopy to analyse the morphology of corneal nerves and their changes over time. Advances in computational modelling techniques have been applied to automate the estimation of sub-basal nerve structure. These objective methods have the potential to quantify nerve density (and length), tortuosity, variations in nerve thickness, as well as temporal changes in nerve fibres such as migration patterns. Different approaches to automated nerve analysis, methods proposed and how they were validated in previous literature are reviewed...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193322/vision-screening-at-two-years-does-not-reduce-the-prevalence-of-reduced-vision-at-four-and-a-half-years-of-age
#16
Lucy Goodman, Arijit Chakraborty, Nabin Paudel, Tzu-Ying Yu, Robert J Jacobs, Jane E Harding, Benjamin Thompson, Nicola S Anstice
BACKGROUND: There is currently insufficient evidence to recommend vision screening for children < 36 months of age. This study assessed the effect of comprehensive vision screening, as well as the sensitivity of age-appropriate vision tests, at two years of age on habitual visual acuity at 4.5 years of age. METHODS: Children born at risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia (n = 477) underwent vision assessment at 54 ± 2 months of age including measurement of monocular and binocular habitual visual acuity, assessment of binocularity and stereopsis...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193320/contrast-balanced-binocular-treatment-in-children-with-deprivation-amblyopia
#17
Lisa M Hamm, Zidong Chen, Jinrong Li, Shuan Dai, Joanna Black, Junpeng Yuan, Minbin Yu, Benjamin Thompson
BACKGROUND: Children with deprivation amblyopia due to childhood cataract have been excluded from much of the emerging research into amblyopia treatment. An investigation was conducted to determine whether contrast-balanced binocular treatment - a strategy currently being explored for children with anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia - may be effective in children with deprivation amblyopia. METHODS: An unmasked, case-series design intended to assess proof of principle was employed...
November 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178179/multimodal-imaging-of-posterior-ocular-involvement-in-mcardle-s-disease
#18
Giuseppe Casalino, Wing Chan, Clara McAvoy, Michele Coppola, Francesco Bandello, Alan C Bird, Usha Chakravarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235184/rethinking-contact-lens-discomfort
#19
EDITORIAL
Nathan Efron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965357/in-vivo-confocal-microscopic-investigation-of-the-cornea-after-autologous-implantation-of-lenticules-obtained-through-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-for-treatment-of-hyperopia
#20
Meiyan Li, Meng Li, Ling Sun, Tian Han, Lan Ding, Jun Xiang, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: To investigate re-innervation in the implanted lenticule, as well as changes to the cornea, after correcting hyperopia with an autologous implantation of a lenticule obtained through small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed re-innervation in the implanted lenticule, as well as microscopic morphological changes in the corneal architecture of the recipient cornea in five patients (with myopia in one eye and hyperopia in the contralateral eye) who received SMILE in the myopic eye and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) combined with lenticule implantation in the contralateral hyperopic eye...
January 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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