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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815736/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-contact-lens-related-microbial-keratitis
#1
REVIEW
Nicole Carnt, Chameen Samarawickrama, Andrew White, Fiona Stapleton
Contact lens-associated microbial keratitis poses a diagnostic dilemma for optometrists on two fronts. The distinction between sterile inflammation and microbial infection is often blurred. In addition, there is a requirement with nearly 50 per cent of the Australian and New Zealand optometric profession being therapeutically endorsed, to distinguish between cases of infection that can be managed in the community verses those that require escalation to public hospitals that have access to laboratory diagnostic tools and advanced imaging techniques, such as in vivo confocal microscopy...
August 16, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771841/disturbing-the-balance-effect-of-contact-lens-use-on-the-ocular-proteome-and-microbiome
#2
REVIEW
Maureen Boost, Pauline Cho, Zhaoran Wang
Contact lens wear is a popular, convenient and effective method for vision correction. In recent years, contact lens practice has expanded to include new paradigms, including orthokeratology; however, their use is not entirely without risk, as the incidence of infection has consistently been reported to be higher in contact lens wearers. The explanations for this increased susceptibility have largely focused on physical damage, especially to the cornea, due to a combination of hypoxia, mechanical trauma, deposits and solution cytotoxicity, as well as poor compliance with care routines leading to introduction of pathogens into the ocular environment...
August 3, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759945/scotopic-contrast-sensitivity-and-glare-after-accelerated-corneal-cross-linking
#3
Soheila Asgari, Hassan Hashemi, Alireza Mohamadi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Mohammad Miraftab, Saied Shahhoseini, Shiva Mehravaran, Akbar Fotouhi
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess one-year changes in uncorrected and corrected contrast sensitivity (CS) and glare under scotopic conditions after accelerated cross-linking (CXL) using the 18 mW/cm(2) protocol for the treatment of progressive keratoconus and compare results with unoperated controls. METHODS: In this non-randomised clinical trial, 30 eyes were enrolled in the CXL group and 30 were assigned to the control group. Scotopic CS at spatial frequencies (SFs) of 0...
July 31, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752898/contact-lenses-to-slow-progression-of-myopia
#4
REVIEW
Padmaja Sankaridurg
The prevalence of myopia has been steadily rising, with 28 per cent of the global population said to be affected in 2010 and to rise to affect nearly 50 per cent by 2050. Increasing levels of myopia increase the risk of vision impairment and in particular, high myopia is associated with the risk of serious and permanent visual disability due to associated sight-threatening complications. To stem the burden associated with higher levels of myopia, there are efforts to slow the progression of myopia, and several optical and pharmaceutical strategies have been found useful in slowing myopia to varying degrees...
July 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726341/the-wandering-intraocular-lens-an-unusual-suspect
#5
Y Eve Hsing, Anil Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718954/power-profiles-in-multifocal-contact-lenses-with-variable-multifocal-zone
#6
Daniel Monsálvez-Romín, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, Santiago García-Lázaro, José J Esteve-Taboada, Alejandro Cerviño
BACKGROUND: The power profile of multifocal contact lenses has been demonstrated to report important information that could be used during the fitting process. The aim of this work is to describe the power profile of a recent set of gas permeable multifocal contact lenses as a function of the pupil radius. METHODS: The measured multifocal contact lenses have a centre-distance design, and are available with five distance-vision diameters (XS, S, M, L and XL) and two different additions: Type A (up to +2...
July 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718904/autologous-serum-eye-drops-and-enhanced-epithelial-healing-time-after-photorefractive-keratectomy
#7
Hanife Tuba Akcam, Metin Unlu, Emine Esra Karaca, Hulya Yazici, Bahri Aydin, Ahmet Murad Hondur
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to test whether use of autologous serum eye-drops can provide earlier epithelial healing following the application of photorefractive keratectomy. METHOD: Sixty patients (60 eyes) underwent photorefractive keratectomy for myopia. Thirty eyes received autologous serum drops (Study group) while 30 eyes received conventional artificial tears (Control group) after photorefractive keratectomy. An 8 mm epithelial opening was prepared with the application of 18 per cent alcohol for 20 seconds...
July 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718219/barriers-to-glaucoma-case-finding-as-perceived-by-optometrists-in-ireland
#8
Catriona Barrett, Colm O'Brien, John S Butler, James Loughman
BACKGROUND: This research was designed to provide an in-depth exploration of the perceptions of optometrists relating to the challenges of glaucoma case finding in the Irish health-care system. METHODS: A survey was developed, piloted and distributed for anonymous completion by optometrists registered to practise in Ireland. The survey included 10 five-level Likert items exploring potential barriers to glaucoma detection and a free-text box for participants to comment more broadly...
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714215/maurice-kh-yap-academic-administrator-innovator-in-myopia-research-and-public-health
#9
George C Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702953/characteristics-and-survey-of-keratoconic-contact-lens-wearers-who-are-lost-to-follow-up
#10
Martyn Ha Russell, Sabera Yusuf, Azita Rajai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702951/the-prevalence-of-refractive-errors-among-adult-rural-populations-in-iran
#11
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Abbasali Yekta, Fereshteh Shokrollahzadeh, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of myopia and hyperopia and related factors in underserved rural areas in Iran. METHODS: Under random cluster sampling, two rural regions were randomly selected in the north and southwest of the country, and 3,061 persons over 15 years of age were invited into the study. After selecting samples, all participants had refraction, measurement of uncorrected vision and visual acuity and ocular health examination by slitlamp biomicroscopy...
July 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702946/massive-choroidal-granuloma-as-the-presenting-feature-of-disseminated-tuberculosis-in-immunocompetent-patients
#12
Neha Goel, Vinod Kumar, Supriya Arora, Basudeb Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696042/reduced-vision-in-highly-myopic-eyes-without-ocular-pathology-the-zoc-bhvi-high-myopia-study
#13
Monica Jong, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Wayne Li, Serge Resnikoff, Kovin Naidoo, Mingguang He
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the relationship of the magnitude of myopia with visual acuity in highly myopic eyes without ocular pathology. METHODS: Twelve hundred and ninety-two highly myopic eyes (up to -6.00 DS both eyes, no astigmatic cut-off) with no ocular pathology from the ZOC-BHVI high myopia study in China, had cycloplegic refraction, followed by subjective refraction and visual acuities and axial length measurement. Two logistic regression models were undertaken to test the association of age, gender, refractive error, axial length and parental myopia with reduced vision...
July 11, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696040/fundus-autofluorescence-the-key-in-the-diagnosis-of-maternally-inherited-diabetes-and-deafness
#14
Olivia Esteban, Javier Mateo, Carlos Peiro, Maria Ángeles Del Buey, Francisco J Ascaso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677153/assessment-of-efficacy-of-topical-azithromycin-1-5-per-cent-ophthalmic-solution-for-the-treatment-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#15
Ozlem Balci, Gokhan Gulkilik
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of topical azithromycin 1.5 per cent ophthalmic solution in treatment of the clinical signs and symptoms associated with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). METHODS: In this retrospective study, 35 patients with MGD were treated with topical azithromycin 1.5 per cent ophthalmic solution for 30 days. Topical azithromycin 1.5 per cent ophthalmic solution was prescribed twice daily for two days and then once daily for a total of 30 days...
July 4, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664589/high-myopic-astigmatism-secondary-to-des%C3%A3-emet-s-membrane-tears-after-forceps-assisted-delivery
#16
Joanna Siwiec-Prościńska, Justyna Szczapa-Jagustyn, Anna Gotz-Więckowska, Jarosław Kocięcki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664572/the-use-of-contact-lenses-in-low-vision-rehabilitation-optical-and-therapeutic-applications
#17
REVIEW
Stephen J Vincent
Ocular pathology that manifests at an early age has the potential to alter the vision-dependent emmetropisation mechanism, which co-ordinates ocular growth throughout childhood. The disruption of this feedback mechanism in children with congenital or early-onset visual impairment often results in the development of significant ametropia, including high levels of spherical refractive error, astigmatism and anisometropia. This review examines the use of contact lenses as a refractive correction, low vision aid and therapeutic intervention in the rehabilitation of patients with bilateral, irreversible visual loss due to congenital ocular disease...
June 29, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657122/agreement-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-vision-screening-in-children-by-teachers-community-eye-health-workers-and-vision-technicians
#18
Srinivas Marmamula, Rohit C Khanna, Asha Latha Mettla, Niranjan K Pehere, Jill E Keeffe, Dushyant K Yameneni, Gullapalli N Rao
BACKGROUND: To compare the agreement and diagnostic accuracy of vision screening conducted by trained community eye-health workers (CEHWs) and teachers with reference to vision technicians in Movva Mandal (sub-district) in Krishna District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. METHODS: As part of a large epidemiological study on visual impairment in children, vision screening was conducted in all the schools in a sub-district. The children were screened using a screening card with 6/12 tumbling E optotypes by trained CEHWs, teachers and a vision technician...
June 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636173/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-amblyopia-and-strabismus-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sheela E Kumaran, Jyoti Khadka, Rod Baker, Konrad Pesudovs
BACKGROUND: Many patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been developed and/or used to measure the impact of amblyopia and strabismus on quality of life (QoL). Identifying the one with superior quality is important for evaluating the effectiveness of novel therapy for amblyopia and for directing improved clinical decision-making in adults considering strabismic surgery. Therefore, the aim of this review is to identify all PROMs previously developed/used to study the impact of amblyopia and/or strabismus on QoL and to appraise the quality and comprehensiveness of content of the disease-specific instruments...
June 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636141/binocular-facilitation-of-cone-specific-visual-evoked-potentials-in-colour-deficiency
#20
Jeff Rabin, Andrew Kryder, Dan Lam
BACKGROUND: Neural compensatory mechanisms have been proposed, which preserve the binocular visual field in glaucoma, as well as cognition in Alzheimer's disease and motor function in Parkinson's disease. It is conceivable that comparable mechanisms operate to preserve function in congenital and/or dystrophic disease. In hereditary colour vision deficiency (CVD), we observed significant facilitation in the amplitude of the binocular cone-specific visual evoked potential (VEP) compared to the monocular amplitude for the cone type corresponding to the CVD...
June 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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