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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380591/myopia-and-orthokeratology-for-myopia-control
#1
REVIEW
Pauline Cho, Qi Tan
The prevalence of myopia in children is increasing worldwide and is viewed as a major public health concern. This increase has driven interest in research into myopia prevention and control in children. Although there is still uncertainty in the risk factors underlying differences in myopia prevalence between ethnic groups, rates in children of East Asian descent are typically higher regardless of where they live. Mounting evidence also suggests that myopia prevalence in children increases with age. Earlier commencement and more rigorous education systems in these countries, resulting in more time spent on near-work activities and less time on outdoor activities, may be responsible for the earlier age of myopia onset...
October 31, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380590/myopia-is-the-nature-nurture-debate-finally-over
#2
REVIEW
Ian G Morgan, Kathryn A Rose
In the nineteenth century, the prevalence of myopia began to rise, and Cohn stressed the role of education. Later, based on twin studies, Sorsby argued that refraction was almost totally genetically determined. This became the dominant view. However, rapid increases in the prevalence of myopia were then reported, especially in East and Southeast Asia, where the prevalence of myopia in children completing secondary school is now 80-90 per cent, with around 20 per cent highly myopic, and at risk of ocular pathology...
October 31, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380588/refractive-stability-following-uncomplicated-cataract-surgery
#3
Philomena McNamara, Inca Hutchinson, Erin Thornell, Marijka Batterham, Velice Iloski, Smita Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Quality of life may be negatively impacted following cataract surgery if glasses prescription is delayed. This study aims to confirm the refractive stabilisation time in an Australian population to form the basis for suggesting an appropriate timeframe for spectacle prescription. METHODS: Participants (51 female and 35 male) were recruited one day after uncomplicated unilateral cataract surgery using a monofocal intraocular lens. Subjective refraction, automated refraction and central corneal thickness were measured at two, four and six weeks post-operatively...
October 31, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298528/reticular-pseudodrusen-current-understanding
#4
REVIEW
Antony J Wightman, Robyn H Guymer
Reticular pseudodrusen (RPD), also known as subretinal drusenoid deposits, represent a morphological change to the retina distinct from other subtypes of drusen by being located above the level of the retinal pigment epithelium. Although they can infrequently appear in individuals with no other apparent pathology, their highest rates of occurrence are in association with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), for which they hold clinical significance by being highly correlated with end-stage disease sub-types, choroidal neovascularisation and geographic atrophy...
October 8, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282118/evaluating-the-use-of-a-temperature-sensor-to-monitor-spectacle-compliance-in-warm-versus-cold-climates
#5
Juan Huang, Matthew J Lentsch, Jason D Marsack, Heather A Anderson
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the utility of a temperature sensor data logger to monitor spectacle compliance for future application in research and clinical settings. Specifically, the question of whether warm versus cold climates negatively impact accuracy of the sensor to monitor spectacle wear is investigated. METHODS: Fifty adults from Houston, Texas (summer) and 40 adults from Columbus, Ohio (winter) wore a thermosensor on their spectacles for one week while keeping wear-time logs...
October 3, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276855/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-a-case-of-adult-onset-vitelliform-dystrophy
#6
Joe Wang, Jessie Tan, Kent Snibson, Kwang Meng Cham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270476/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-its-application-in-clinical-practice-and-experimental-models-of-disease
#7
REVIEW
Haihan Jiao, Lisa J Hill, Laura E Downie, Holly R Chinnery
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides non-invasive, high-resolution in vivo imaging of the ocular surface and anterior segment. Over the years, it has become an essential tool for evaluating the anterior segment of the eye to monitor ocular development and ocular pathologies in both the clinical and research fields of ophthalmology and optometry. In this review, the clinical applications relating to the use of anterior segment OCT for imaging and quantifying normal and pathological features of the ocular surface, cornea, anterior chamber, and aqueous outflow system are summarised in a range of human ocular diseases...
October 1, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253443/visual-rehabilitation-using-microperimetric-acoustic-biofeedback-training-in-individuals-with-central-scotoma
#8
Dhanashree Ratra, Sarika Gopalakrishnan, Daleena Dalan, Vineet Ratra, Deepali Damkondwar, Gella Laxmi
BACKGROUND: Patients with central scotoma have poor fixation stability and poor visual acuity. Acoustic biofeedback training can be an effective way to train such patients to eccentrically fixate. This study analyses the mean retinal sensitivity, saccadic velocity, and fixation stability after acoustic biofeedback training and shows correlation with age and scotoma size. METHODS: Patients with irreversible central scotoma in both the eyes secondary to macular diseases were selected...
September 25, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232821/choroidal-thinning-and-ocular-electrophysiology-in-a-case-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-after-stroke
#9
Lily Y-L Chang, Monica L Acosta, Joanna Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206993/convergence-insufficiency-in-chinese-high-school-students
#10
Martin Ming-Leung Ma, Wen Long, Zhihui She, Wanping Li, Xuhui Chen, Lingmei Xie, Mitchell Scheiman, Yuling Liu, Xiang Chen
BACKGROUND: The frequency of convergence insufficiency was determined in a sample of Chinese high school students. The associations between the frequency of convergence insufficiency, gender, refractive error and accommodative insufficiency were investigated. METHODS: This was a single-site, prospective cross-sectional study. In total, 928 eligible teenagers (mean age 15.9 ± 0.8) from a local high school in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China participated in this study...
September 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203543/structure-versus-function-in-high-myopia-using-optical-coherence-tomography-and-automated-perimetry
#11
Nasrin Moghadas Sharif, Nasser Shoeibi, Asieh Ehsaei, David Atchison
BACKGROUND: To examine the structure-function relationship between retinal thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and standard automated perimetry in high myopia. METHODS: The study population comprised 58 highly myopic individuals with no posterior abnormalities (mean spherical equivalent refraction ≤ -6.00 D and axial length ≥ 26.0 mm). All eyes underwent optical coherence tomography with the Spectralis spectral domain optical coherence tomograph and visual field evaluation with the Humphrey Field Analyzer II-i...
September 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192017/optical-coherence-tomography-evaluation-of-the-optic-nerve-head-neuro-retinal-rim-in-glaucoma
#12
REVIEW
Brad Fortune
Clinical examination of the optic disc is a fundamental component of any ophthalmic evaluation, but it is especially important for diagnosis and management of glaucoma. The purpose of this article is to: (1) review the limitations inherent to clinical examination; (2) outline the rationale for adopting into clinical practice quantitative measures of the optic nerve head neuro-retinal rim tissue integrity derived from current optical coherence tomography imaging approaches; (3) describe recent developments in this area; and (4) highlight a few avenues of active research that hold promise for future translation to clinical practice...
September 7, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168194/patient-oriented-mobile-applications-in-ophthalmology
#13
Janusz Skrzypecki, Karolina Stańska, Iwona Grabska-Liberek
BACKGROUND: Mobile solutions will improve patient care only if they are equally valued by physicians and their patients. Although mobile applications are gaining acceptance among ophthalmologists and optometrists, little is known about their adoption among patients. Therefore, this study was designed to analyse the market for patient-oriented mobile applications in ophthalmology. METHODS: Search engines of Google Play and App Store were utilised to find patient-oriented mobile applications...
August 30, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136309/effect-of-cycloplegia-on-the-measurement-of-refractive-error-in-chinese-children
#14
Tao Li, Xiaodong Zhou, Jie Zhu, Xiaojing Tang, Xiaoyan Gu
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refractive error measurement in Chinese children, and to assess the relationship between age and the difference in refractive error measured with and without cycloplegia. METHODS: This was a prospective study that recruited 224 healthy Chinese children at an ophthalmology clinic from November 2016 to February 2017. Refraction before and after cycloplegia were measured using an auto-refractor. Then spherical equivalent M, J0 , and J45 were calculated...
August 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136297/focus-on-eye-care-in-schizophrenia
#15
REVIEW
Scott A Anthony
Schizophrenia, a neurodevelopmental mental disorder with heterogeneous features, poses major social and health-care challenges in Australia and worldwide. Ophthalmic findings in patients with schizophrenia are varied and include conditions that result from psychotropic complications such as sun gazing, heritable genetic endophenotypes such as oculomotor abnormalities and strabismus, treatment-related complications such as chlorpromazine lenticular and corneal deposits, and co-morbid health problems such as poor compliance...
August 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114725/conjunctival-ultraviolet-autofluorescence-area-but-not-intensity-is-associated-with-myopia
#16
Stephanie Kearney, Lisa O'Donoghue, Laura K Pourshahidi, Patrick Richardson, Eamon Laird, Martin Healy, Kathryn J Saunders
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence (CUVAF) has been used as a biomarker of time spent outdoors. Smaller CUVAF area is associated with myopia in southern hemisphere cohorts. Further research is required to determine if this association is replicated in northern latitudes and whether average CUVAF intensity is a valuable metric. This prospective study explored the association between myopia, CUVAF (area and intensity) and additional indicators of sun exposure (vitamin D3 and self-reported sun exposure preferences) across seasons at a location of 55° north...
August 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362190/in-support-of-the-journal-peer-review-process
#17
EDITORIAL
Nathan Efron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021246/profile-of-the-australian-college-of-optometry-low-vision-clinic
#18
Mae Fa Chong, Helen Hi Cho, A Jonathan Jackson, Sharon A Bentley
BACKGROUND: The number of Australians living with vision impairment or blindness is expected to increase substantially due to the ageing population and prevalence of age-related eye disease. In response, the Australian College of Optometry (ACO) commenced a low vision clinic in 2013. The ACO is a not-for-profit organisation providing eye-care services to more than 60,000 Victorians per year experiencing economic or social disadvantage. Consultation fees are bulk-billed to the Australian national health care scheme - Medicare - while spectacles and visual aids are subsidised through the state government-funded Victorian Eyecare Service...
November 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931734/evaluation-of-corneal-and-lens-clarity-in-unilateral-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-a-densitometric-analysis
#19
Irfan Durukan
BACKGROUND: Although ageing is the main reason for cataract progression, pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES) represents an independent additional hazard for the development of nuclear sclerosis and cataract progression. PES can also affect corneal properties. From this perspective, this study aimed to perform a comparison of the corneal and lens densitometry measurements in eyes with PES and age-matched healthy eyes. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 31 patients with unilateral PES and 40 control participants...
November 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895093/does-the-virtual-refractor-patient-simulator-improve-student-competency-when-refracting-in-the-consulting-room
#20
Mohammed S Alhazmi, Craig W Butler, Barbara M Junghans
BACKGROUND: The use of patient simulators in ophthalmic education appears limited. This study examines the effects of the addition of the 'Virtual Refractor' patient simulator learning activity into a short unit preparing students to determine the power of the spectacle lenses required by patients in a clinic. METHODS: Twenty-four year one optometry students were randomly assigned to either the simulator-intervention group (n = 12) or the non-intervention group...
November 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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