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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206993/convergence-insufficiency-in-chinese-high-school-students
#1
Martin Ming-Leung Ma, Wen Long, Zhihui She, Wanping Li, Xuhui Chen, Lingmei Xie, Mitchell Scheiman, Yuling Liu, Xiang Chen
BACKGROUND: The frequency of convergence insufficiency was determined in a sample of Chinese high school students. The associations between the frequency of convergence insufficiency, gender, refractive error and accommodative insufficiency were investigated. METHODS: This was a single-site, prospective cross-sectional study. In total, 928 eligible teenagers (mean age 15.9 ± 0.8) from a local high school in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China participated in this study...
September 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203543/structure-versus-function-in-high-myopia-using-optical-coherence-tomography-and-automated-perimetry
#2
Nasrin Moghadas Sharif, Nasser Shoeibi, Asieh Ehsaei, David Atchison
BACKGROUND: To examine the structure-function relationship between retinal thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and standard automated perimetry in high myopia. METHODS: The study population comprised 58 highly myopic individuals with no posterior abnormalities (mean spherical equivalent refraction ≤ -6.00 D and axial length ≥ 26.0 mm). All eyes underwent optical coherence tomography with the Spectralis spectral domain optical coherence tomograph and visual field evaluation with the Humphrey Field Analyzer II-i...
September 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192017/optical-coherence-tomography-evaluation-of-the-optic-nerve-head-neuro-retinal-rim-in-glaucoma
#3
REVIEW
Brad Fortune
Clinical examination of the optic disc is a fundamental component of any ophthalmic evaluation, but it is especially important for diagnosis and management of glaucoma. The purpose of this article is to: (1) review the limitations inherent to clinical examination; (2) outline the rationale for adopting into clinical practice quantitative measures of the optic nerve head neuro-retinal rim tissue integrity derived from current optical coherence tomography imaging approaches; (3) describe recent developments in this area; and (4) highlight a few avenues of active research that hold promise for future translation to clinical practice...
September 7, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168194/patient-oriented-mobile-applications-in-ophthalmology
#4
Janusz Skrzypecki, Karolina Stańska, Iwona Grabska-Liberek
BACKGROUND: Mobile solutions will improve patient care only if they are equally valued by physicians and their patients. Although mobile applications are gaining acceptance among ophthalmologists and optometrists, little is known about their adoption among patients. Therefore, this study was designed to analyse the market for patient-oriented mobile applications in ophthalmology. METHODS: Search engines of Google Play and App Store were utilised to find patient-oriented mobile applications...
August 30, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136309/effect-of-cycloplegia-on-the-measurement-of-refractive-error-in-chinese-children
#5
Tao Li, Xiaodong Zhou, Jie Zhu, Xiaojing Tang, Xiaoyan Gu
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refractive error measurement in Chinese children, and to assess the relationship between age and the difference in refractive error measured with and without cycloplegia. METHODS: This was a prospective study that recruited 224 healthy Chinese children at an ophthalmology clinic from November 2016 to February 2017. Refraction before and after cycloplegia were measured using an auto-refractor. Then spherical equivalent M, J0 , and J45 were calculated...
August 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136297/focus-on-eye-care-in-schizophrenia
#6
REVIEW
Scott A Anthony
Schizophrenia, a neurodevelopmental mental disorder with heterogeneous features, poses major social and health-care challenges in Australia and worldwide. Ophthalmic findings in patients with schizophrenia are varied and include conditions that result from psychotropic complications such as sun gazing, heritable genetic endophenotypes such as oculomotor abnormalities and strabismus, treatment-related complications such as chlorpromazine lenticular and corneal deposits, and co-morbid health problems such as poor compliance...
August 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114725/conjunctival-ultraviolet-autofluorescence-area-but-not-intensity-is-associated-with-myopia
#7
Stephanie Kearney, Lisa O'Donoghue, Laura K Pourshahidi, Patrick Richardson, Eamon Laird, Martin Healy, Kathryn J Saunders
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence (CUVAF) has been used as a biomarker of time spent outdoors. Smaller CUVAF area is associated with myopia in southern hemisphere cohorts. Further research is required to determine if this association is replicated in northern latitudes and whether average CUVAF intensity is a valuable metric. This prospective study explored the association between myopia, CUVAF (area and intensity) and additional indicators of sun exposure (vitamin D3 and self-reported sun exposure preferences) across seasons at a location of 55° north...
August 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107640/the-effect-of-corneal-infiltrates-on-densitometry-and-higher-order-aberrations
#8
Kemal Tekin, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Mustafa Koc, Yasin Sakir Goker, Ali Mert Kocer, Pelin Yilmazbas
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to measure the effects of persistent corneal subepithelial infiltrates associated with epidemic keratoconjunctivitis on corneal densitometry and total corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs), and to compare these measurements with the data obtained from their fellow unaffected healthy eyes. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included those who had persistent subepithelial infiltrates in only the affected eyes for at least three months and clinically normal fellow unaffected eyes...
August 14, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091794/tessellated-fundus-appearance-and-its-association-with-myopic-refractive-error
#9
REVIEW
Divya Jagadeesh, Krupa Philip, Thomas J Naduvilath, Cathleen Fedtke, Monica Jong, Haidong Zou, Padmaja Sankaridurg
The appearance of tessellated fundus in an eye may act as a marker in identifying visual performance, degree of myopia or risk of progression of myopia in a given eye. A systematic literature search using key words was performed using PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar and of the 832 studies identified, 10 full-length articles, which met the inclusion criteria, were considered for review. The primary outcome measures were association of tessellated fundus with: (i) visual acuity, (ii) refractive error, (iii) axial length, (iv) choroidal thickness and (v) future progression of myopia when compared to either no myopic maculopathy, or more severe myopic maculopathy...
August 9, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074278/ocular-and-systemic-melatonin-and-the-influence-of-light-exposure
#10
REVIEW
Lisa A Ostrin
Melatonin is a neurohormone known to modulate a wide range of circadian functions, including sleep. The synthesis and release of melatonin from the pineal gland is heavily influenced by light stimulation of the retina, particularly through the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells. Melatonin is also synthesised within the eye, although to a much lesser extent than in the pineal gland. Melatonin acts directly on ocular structures to mediate a variety of diurnal rhythms and physiological processes within the eye...
August 3, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062745/optical-coherence-tomography-and-scleral-contact-lenses-clinical-and-research-applications
#11
REVIEW
Stephen J Vincent, David Alonso-Caneiro, Michael J Collins
Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides a wealth of opportunities for modern contact lens practice. OCT imaging has numerous clinical and research applications related to the tear film, cornea, conjunctiva, sclera and ocular adnexae, in addition to soft, rigid, and hybrid contact lenses. This review summarises the potential use of OCT imaging in modern scleral contact lens practice including initial lens selection, assessing the scleral contact lens fit with respect to the cornea and sclera, and accurately quantifying the ocular response to lens wear...
July 30, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058731/subthreshold-diode-micropulse-laser-versus-observation-in-acute-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#12
Supriya Arora, Preethi Sridharan, Tarun Arora, Mohit Chhabra, Basudeb Ghosh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate subthreshold diode micropulse (SDM) laser as a treatment modality in acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and compare it with the current standard of care (observation). METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted on 68 eyes (34 eyes in SDM laser group and 34 eyes in observation group) with acute CSC, with a single angiographic leak and duration of complaints less than two months. Detailed history, examination and investigations were performed at the baseline and at regular intervals until six months...
July 30, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058164/microbial-contamination-of-multiple-use-bottles-of-fluorescein-ophthalmic-solution
#13
Samuel Kyei, David France, Kofi Asiedu
BACKGROUND: The contamination of ophthalmic solutions in ophthalmic practices remains an important cause of a myriad of secondary eye infections and a source of aggravation of ocular disorders such as corneal ulcers and keratitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible microbial contamination of fluorescein sodium dye solutions used in eye clinics in Ghana. METHODS: Fluorescein sodium solutions were collected from various eye clinics in Ghana. Twenty-one samples of multiple-use fluorescein ophthalmic solutions were collected from various regions in Ghana...
July 29, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058082/overcoming-diagnostic-and-treatment-challenges-in-uveitic-glaucoma
#14
REVIEW
Erin R Sherman, Malinda Cafiero-Chin
Uveitic glaucoma is a range of disorders that results in optic nerve damage from elevated intraocular pressure secondary to intraocular inflammation. As compared to primary open angle glaucoma, uveitic glaucoma is associated with a more aggressive disease course caused by very high intraocular pressure levels that wax and wane. Diagnosis is often based on clinical presentation, disease course, and associated systemic manifestations. Diagnostic imaging plays an important role in both diagnosis and management...
July 29, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054955/optic-nerve-sheath-meningioma
#15
Diane Marie Jacobi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054950/static-and-dynamic-visual-acuity-and-refractive-errors-in-elite-football-players
#16
Jorge Jorge, Paulo Fernandes
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate static and dynamic visual acuity, refractive error, and the use of visual compensation of elite football players. METHODS: From 2015 to 2017, 147 professional players from five teams were analysed. Screening consisted of a survey about the use of visual correction, and measurement refractive error, static visual acuity and dynamic visual acuity. Refractive error was assessed using an autorefractor. Distance static visual acuity was evaluated using a Snellen chart...
July 28, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054940/contrast-sensitivity-of-amblyopic-eyes-in-children-with-myopic-anisometropia
#17
Yi Pang, Megan Allen, Joshua Robinson, Kelly A Frantz
BACKGROUND: Contrast sensitivity function (CSF) in amblyopes has been studied extensively, with few studies on amblyopia associated with myopic anisometropia. The purpose of this study was to investigate CSF of amblyopic eyes in children with myopic anisometropia compared to fellow eyes of the amblyopic children, as well as to control subjects with high myopia but no amblyopia. METHODS: Twenty amblyopic children with myopic anisometropia (range of visual acuity in the amblyopic eye: 6/10 to 6/100) and 16 control subjects with high myopia (< -6...
July 28, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021246/profile-of-the-australian-college-of-optometry-low-vision-clinic
#18
Mae Fa Chong, Helen Hi Cho, A Jonathan Jackson, Sharon A Bentley
BACKGROUND: The number of Australians living with vision impairment or blindness is expected to increase substantially due to the ageing population and prevalence of age-related eye disease. In response, the Australian College of Optometry (ACO) commenced a low vision clinic in 2013. The ACO is a not-for-profit organisation providing eye-care services to more than 60,000 Victorians per year experiencing economic or social disadvantage. Consultation fees are bulk-billed to the Australian national health care scheme - Medicare - while spectacles and visual aids are subsidised through the state government-funded Victorian Eyecare Service...
July 18, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989226/reduced-vision-in-a-diabetic-patient-due-to-incidental-leukaemic-retinopathy
#19
Olga Tsiamita, Thomas Siempis, Mohan Varikkara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989206/microbial-keratitis-following-intracorneal-ring-implantation
#20
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Masoud Mirghorbani, Zahra Fallah Tafti, Firoozeh Rahimi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify predisposing factors, the clinical course and visual outcomes in patients with keratitis after intracorneal ring implantation. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 11 patients with documented keratitis after intracorneal ring implantation and 71 matched controls with uncomplicated surgery were enrolled. Patients were examined for slitlamp findings and corrected distance visual acuity at time of the initial presentation, one month later and six months later...
July 10, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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