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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635934/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-and-its-clinical-applications-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Sarah B Wang, Elisa E Cornish, John R Grigg, Peter J McCluskey
Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) has become one of the cornerstones of non-contact imaging modalities for assessing such structures as the cornea, anterior chamber angle, aqueous outflow pathway, sclera, and ocular surface structures. As such, it has a broad range of clinical applications, which have been independently reported in the literature. This paper aims to present a review of extant literature on the utility of AS-OCT and its efficacy in clinical applications, and to evaluate the quality of available evidence...
January 12, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30630216/molecular-evidence-for-the-role-of-inflammation-in-dry-eye-disease
#2
REVIEW
Kalaivarny Ganesalingam, Salim Ismail, Trevor Sherwin, Jennifer P Craig
Ocular surface inflammation is propagated by a complex series of molecular processes and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of dry eye disease (DED), either as a causal or a downstream effect of ocular surface disease. A state of hyperosmolarity elicits an acute immune response in DED, leading to subsequent activation of the adaptive immune response. This cascade incites dysregulation of the immune system, triggering a vicious cycle of events that causes damage to the ocular surface. Symptoms associated with these events include burning, irritation, redness, photophobia and blurred vision...
January 10, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620998/multimodal-imaging-in-perifoveal-exudative-vascular-anomalous-complex-with-co-existent-diabetic-retinopathy
#3
Ramesh Venkatesh, Naresh K Yadav, Bharathi Bavaharan, Vishma Prabhu, Shivani Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30614563/latanoprostene-bunod-ophthalmic-solution-0-024-a-new-treatment-option-for-open-angle-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Murray Fingeret, Ian B Gaddie, Marc Bloomenstein
Latanoprostene bunod (LBN) ophthalmic solution 0.024% is a novel, once-daily, nitric oxide-donating prostaglandin analogue for the lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. The IOP-lowering actions of LBN are mediated by dual mechanisms of the molecule for increasing aqueous humour outflow. The prostaglandin analogue moiety (latanoprost acid) increases uveoscleral outflow, whereas nitric oxide, released by the nitric oxide-donating moiety (butanediol mononitrate), increases outflow through the trabecular meshwork and the Schlemm's canal...
January 7, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30582217/factors-influencing-the-choice-of-low-vision-devices-for-visual-rehabilitation-in-stargardt-disease
#5
Kalpita Das, Sarika Gopalakrishnan, Daleena Dalan, Saranya Velu, Vineet Ratra, Dhanashree Ratra
BACKGROUND: Stargardt disease is the most common cause of juvenile macular degeneration leading to early central visual loss. Dispensing of correct low-vision devices based on the residual visual function and specific visual requirements of a patient can result in a positive outcome. It is important to know the factors involved in the selection of these devices. This study was undertaken to assess these factors. METHODS: Patients with Stargardt disease referred to a low-vision clinic underwent evaluation of visual status, disease stage, visual requirements and lifestyle...
December 24, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30565333/choroidal-changes-in-human-myopia-insights-from-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Scott A Read, James A Fuss, Stephen J Vincent, Michael J Collins, David Alonso-Caneiro
The choroid is a vascular tissue which plays a range of critical roles in the normal physiology of the eye, such as supplying the outer retina with oxygen and nutrients and the regulation of intraocular pressure. There is also substantial evidence, particularly from animal studies, that the choroid plays an important role in the regulation of eye growth and the development of common refractive errors like myopia. In recent years, advances in optical coherence tomography technology have improved our ability to image and measure the choroid in the human eye...
December 19, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30565325/a-successful-50-year-history-of-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-performed-for-keratoconus-in-new-zealand
#7
REVIEW
Lucy M Lu, Joyce J Mathan, Akilesh Gokul, Charles Nj McGhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30560558/an-evidence-based-approach-to-the-routine-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
REVIEW
Angelica Ly, Jack Phu, Paula Katalinic, Michael Kalloniatis
Optical coherence tomography is an imaging technology that has revolutionised the detection, assessment and management of ocular disease. It is now a mainstream technology in clinical practice and is performed by non-specialised personnel in some settings. This article provides a clinical perspective on the implications of that movement and describes best practice using multimodal imaging and an evidence-based approach. Practical, illustrative guides on the interpretation of optical coherence tomography are provided for three major diseases of the ocular fundus, in which optical coherence tomography is often crucial to management: age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma...
December 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30557910/comparison-of-central-corneal-thickness-measurements-with-standard-ultrasonic-pachymetry-and-optical-devices
#9
Mustafa Doğan, Elif Ertan
BACKGROUND: To compare the repeatability and agreements of central corneal thickness measurements of healthy individuals obtained by Scheimpflug-Placido topographer (Sirius), anterior segment spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis) (AS-OCT), optical biometry (AL-Scan) and ultrasonic pachymetry. METHODS: Sixty-four eyes of 32 subjects with no ocular or systemic diseases were included in this study. Central corneal thickness measurements performed with Sirius, AS-OCT, optical biometry AL-Scan and ultrasonic pachymetry were compared...
December 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30556213/intraocular-pressure-changes-in-eyes-with-small-incision-lenticules-and-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#10
Kuo-Jen Wang, Wai W Wang, Che-Liang Tsai, I-Jong Wang
BACKGROUND: Measuring intraocular pressure after refractive surgery is a challenge in the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of glaucoma. Intraocular pressure characteristics after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) are well known. However, intraocular pressure measurement and characteristics after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) are still unknown, providing an interesting point of comparison in terms of biomechanical differences from LASIK. METHODS: An intraocular pressure analytical model utilising fluid dynamics (simulating air puff) was developed using OpenFoam and Scilab...
December 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548339/optical-coherence-tomography-in-the-investigation-of-systemic-neurologic-disease
#11
REVIEW
Sangeetha Srinivasan, Nathan Efron
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a well-established technique for the clinical examination, diagnosis, severity staging and monitoring of ophthalmic disorders. The application of this technology has more recently been extended beyond ophthalmic disease, whereby it has been demonstrated that OCT can serve as an ophthalmic marker for a range of systemic neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and diabetic peripheral neuropathy. This review will focus on the clinical utility of OCT-derived retinal measures for the investigation of these conditions...
December 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30537233/future-clinical-applicability-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#12
REVIEW
Jacqueline Chua, Bingyao Tan, Marcus Ang, Monisha E Nongpiur, Anna Cs Tan, Raymond P Najjar, Dan Milea, Leopold Schmetterer
Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is an emerging technology that allows for the non-invasive imaging of the ocular microvasculature. Despite the wealth of observations and numerous research studies illustrating the potential clinical uses of OCT-A, this technique is currently rarely used in routine clinical settings. In this review, technical and clinical aspects of OCT-A imaging are discussed, and the future clinical potential of OCT-A is considered. An understanding of the basic principles and limitations of OCT-A technology will better inform clinicians of its future potential in the diagnosis and management of ocular diseases...
December 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30536629/pre-operative-factors-influencing-post-operative-outcomes-from-myoring-implantation-in-keratoconus
#13
Khosrow Jadidi, Mostafa Naderi, Seyed Aliasghar Mosavi, Farhad Nejat, Hosein Aghamolaei, Sara Serahati
BACKGROUND: To identify pre-operative factors that influence post-operative performance of a full-ring intra-corneal implant (MyoRing) for the management of keratoconus. METHOD: In a retrospective study, medical records of 70 keratoconus eyes of 70 consecutive surgical patients with a mean age of 28.54 ± 6.52 years, who underwent MyoRing implantation using the PocketMaker microkeratome (Dioptex GmbH), were included and analysed before implantation and for visual outcome...
December 7, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525235/low-dose-brimonidine-for-relief-of-ocular-redness-integrated-analysis-of-four-clinical-trials
#14
Stacey L Ackerman, Gail L Torkildsen, Eugene McLaurin, Jason L Vittitow
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide an integrated analysis of safety and efficacy data for brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution 0.025 per cent (low-dose; Bausch & Lomb Incorporated), a topical vasoconstrictor for relief of ocular redness. METHODS: Integrated efficacy data from two randomised, double-masked, vehicle-controlled studies in subjects with ocular redness as well as safety data from the two efficacy studies, a vehicle-controlled safety study, and a pharmacokinetic study were analysed...
December 7, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30520158/response-to-re-does-the-temperature-of-an-artificial-tear-affect-its-comfort
#15
LETTER
Etty Bitton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30520134/re-does-the-temperature-of-an-artificial-tear-affect-its-comfort
#16
LETTER
Charles W McMonnies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30520129/microbial-keratitis-complicated-by-acute-hydrops-following-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus
#17
Darren Shu Jeng Ting, Jayasis Bandyopadhyay, Trushar Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30520124/impact-of-image-averaging-on-wide-field-choroidal-thickness-measurements-using-enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
Hosein Hoseini-Yazdi, Stephen J Vincent, Michael J Collins, Scott A Read, David Alonso-Caneiro
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of B-scan averaging on choroidal thickness using wide-field enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Six high-resolution trans-foveal horizontal enhanced-depth imaging line scans (spanning a 60° field) were acquired consecutively from the right eye of 10 healthy adults (mean age 30 ± 5 years), with each line scan an average of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 or 100 B-scans, using the automated real-time image averaging and follow-up features of a Spectralis device...
December 5, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30520107/multimodal-imaging-of-foveal-neovascularisation-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#19
Aditya Bansal, Mrinal Shankar, Priyansha Multani, Saurabh Luthra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499141/relating-optical-coherence-tomography-to-visual-fields-in-glaucoma-structure-function-mapping-limitations-and-future-applications
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan Denniss, Andrew Turpin, Allison M McKendrick
Combining information from optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and visual field testing is useful in the clinical assessment and monitoring of patients with glaucoma. Measurements of retinal nerve fibre layer thickness or neuroretinal rim width taken around the optic nerve head may be related to the visual field using a structure-function map. In this review, the structure-function mapping methods in clinical use are discussed. Typical clinical maps provide a population average, 'one size fits all' representation, but in recent years methods for customising structure-function maps to individual eyes have been developed and these are reviewed here...
November 29, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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