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Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

Robert H Bonow, Jin Wang, Douglas F Zatzick, Frederick P Rivara, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at higher risk for subsequent crime perpetration compared with injured patients without TBI and those hospitalized for reasons other than injury. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients hospitalized in Washington State from 2006-2007. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study using linked statewide datasets. MAIN MEASURES: Primary outcomes were arrest for any violent or nonviolent crime within 5 years of discharge...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Sam Meske, Joseph B Hazzard, Meng Ni, Tyler Hanson, Lucas Van Horn, Josh Smith
OBJECTIVE: (1) To examine the prevalence of college-aged students on campus who had a history of concussion(s) or traumatic brain injury (TBI) and associated symptoms and (2) to evaluate the rate of campus service utilization among students who had a TBI. SETTING: A representative sampling, randomly selected campus-wide e-mail was sent out with a Qualtrics online survey. PARTICIPANTS: College-aged students (N = 466, n = 429) at a northeastern US university responded and consented to participate in the online survey...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Phuong Hua, Judith L Charlton, Jennie L Ponsford, James R Gooden, Pamela E Ross, Michel Bédard, Shawn Marshall, Sylvain Gagnon, Renerus J Stolwyk
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the real-world driving habits of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) using naturalistic methods and to demonstrate the feasibility of such methods in exploring return to driving after TBI. METHODS: After passing an on-road driving assessment, 8 participants with TBI and 23 matched controls had an in-vehicle device installed to record information regarding their driving patterns (distance, duration, and start/end times) for 90 days...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Mu Huang, Justin Frantz, Gilbert Moralez, Tonia Sabo, Peter F Davis, Scott L Davis, Kathleen R Bell, Sushmita Purkayastha
OBJECTIVE: To examine heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and with a 2-Back cognitive task involving executive function and sustained attention in athletes during the acute phase following concussion and compare them with the controls. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three male and female collegiate athletes (20 ± 1 years) following (4 ± 1 days) a sports-related concussion and 23 sports- and sex-matched noninjured controls. PROCEDURE: Continuous R-R interval was acquired using 3-lead electrocardiogram for 3 minutes each at rest and during the 2-Back task...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Nicholas J Cioe, Gary S Seale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Justin OʼRourke, Edan Critchfield, Jason Soble, Kathleen Bain, Chrystal Fullen, Blessen Eapen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4th Edition Participation Index (M2PI) as a self-report measure of functional outcome following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in US Military veterans. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center specialty hospital. PARTICIPANTS: On hundred thirty-nine veterans with a history of self-reported mTBI. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional examination of data collected from regular clinical visits...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Jomana H Amara, Kelly L Stolzmann, Katherine M Iverson, Terri K Pogoda
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate predictors of employment status in male and female post-9/11 Veterans evaluated for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the Veterans Health Administration. Prior research suggests there are gender differences in psychosocial characteristics among this cohort. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of post-9/11 Veterans who completed a TBI evaluation between July 2009 and September 2013. RESULTS: Women had lower prevalence of deployment-related TBI (65...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Sareh Zarshenas, Angela Colantonio, Seyed Mohammad Alavinia, Susan Jaglal, Laetitia Tam, Nora Cullen
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review studies on clinical and nonclinical predictors of discharge destination from acute care in patients with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: The search was conducted using 7 databases up to December 2016. A systematic review and in-depth quality synthesis were conducted on eligible articles that met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The search yielded 8503 articles of which 18 studies met the inclusion criteria...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Hilary Bertisch, Gigi Satris, Nancy Temkin, Jason Barber, Geoffrey T Manley
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in rehabilitation trajectories and return to work (RTW) and social outcomes in individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with and without significant psychiatric histories at index hospitalization. SETTING: Three level 1 trauma centers participating in the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) consortium. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 305 individuals with index mTBI enrolled in the TRACK-TBI pilot project...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Anthony H Lequerica, Amanda Botticello, John OʼNeill, Jean Lengenfelder, Denise Krch, Nancy D Chiaravalloti, Angelle M Sander, Tamara Bushnik, Jessica M Ketchum, Flora M Hammond, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Elizabeth Felix, Doug Johnson-Greene
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of nativity and residential characteristics on productive activity among Hispanics at 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Acute rehabilitation facilities and community follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 706 Hispanic individuals in the TBI Model Systems National Database. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from a multicenter longitudinal cohort study. MAIN MEASURES: Nativity (foreign born or US native), productive activity derived from interview questions regarding employment status, and other demographic information...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Isaac A Janson, Vincent Nittoli, Derek White, Kristyn J Tekulve
OBJECTIVE: Care after concussion is important for all patients, although especially critical in children and adolescents because of continued rapid brain growth and maturation. Postconcussion symptoms often lead to impaired school performance. Conflicting data regarding best return-to-learn practices make it difficult for school administrators to develop policies to best accommodate concussed students. We sought to assess high school principals' knowledge of concussion, the personnel responsible for implementing accommodations, and the overall willingness to enact recommended academic accommodations...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Tamara Valovich McLeod, R Curtis Bay, Kenneth C Lam, Alison R Snyder Valier
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the association between concussion recovery and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). SETTING: Secondary school athletic training facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N = 122) with a concussion. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal cohort. MAIN MEASURES: The Pediatric Quality-of-Life Inventory (PedsQL), PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (MFS), and Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) were completed at preseason and days 3 (D3), 10 (D10), and 30 (D30) postconcussion...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Stephanie N Lueckel, Joan M Teno, Andrew H Stephen, Eric Benoit, Tareq Kheirbek, Charles A Adams, William G Cioffi, Kali S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the natural history of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) admitted to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) following hospitalizations. SETTING: Between 2005 and 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Adults who had incident admissions to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) with a diagnosis of TBI. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the Minimum Data Set. MAIN MEASURES: Main variables were cognitive and physical function, length of stay, presence of feeding tube, terminal condition, and dementia...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Conall OʼRourke, Michelle Templeton, Miriam H Cohen, Mark A Linden
The purpose of this commentary is to highlight the challenges encountered when conducting research with young offenders. This is drawn from the first-hand experience of 3 researchers working on separate projects within this environment. Young offenders present as a complex clinical population with high levels of illiteracy, substance abuse, and mental health issues. Significant planning is therefore required before working with this group. Consideration must be given to the heterogeneity of prison populations alongside the potential limitations of datacollection methods, in particular, reliance on self-report...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Joseph J Fins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Laura E Dreer, Jessica M Ketchum, Thomas A Novack, Jennifer Bogner, Elizabeth R Felix, John D Corrigan, Doug Johnson-Greene, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: Examine the prevalence of weight classifications and factors related to obesity/overweight among persons 1 to 25 years following traumatic brain injury (TBI) using the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems national database. DESIGN: Multicenter, cross-sectional, observational design. SETTING: Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems inpatient rehabilitation facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Persons (N = 7287) 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, or 25 years after TBI who required inpatient acute rehabilitation...
July 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Angelle M Sander, Anthony H Lequerica, Jessica M Ketchum, Flora M Hammond, Kelli Williams Gary, Monique R Pappadis, Elizabeth R Felix, Douglas Johnson-Greene, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contribution of race/ethnicity to retention in traumatic brain injury (TBI) research at 1 to 2 years postinjury. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: With dates of injury between October 1, 2002, and March 31, 2013, 5548 whites, 1347 blacks, and 790 Hispanics enrolled in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database. DESIGN: Retrospective database analysis. MAIN MEASURE: Retention, defined as completion of at least 1 question on the follow-up interview by the person with TBI or a proxy...
July 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Yelena G Bodien, Michael McCrea, Sureyya Dikmen, Nancy Temkin, Kim Boase, Joan Machamer, Sabrina R Taylor, Mark Sherer, Harvey Levin, Joel H Kramer, John D Corrigan, Thomas W McAllister, John Whyte, Geoffrey T Manley, Joseph T Giacino
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global public health problem that affects the long-term cognitive, physical, and psychological health of patients, while also having a major impact on family and caregivers. In stark contrast to the effective trials that have been conducted in other neurological diseases, nearly 30 studies of interventions employed during acute hospital care for TBI have failed to identify treatments that improve outcome. Many factors may confound the ability to detect true and meaningful treatment effects...
May 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Megan Moore, Nathalia Jimenez, Janessa M Graves, Tessa Rue, Jesse R Fann, Frederick P Rivara, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial differences in mental health service utilization after hospitalization for traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children with Medicaid insurance. DESIGN AND MAIN MEASURES: Retrospective analysis of the MarketScan Multi-State Medicaid database from 2007 to 2012 was performed. Outpatient mental health service utilization (psychiatric and psychological individual and group services) was compared at TBI hospitalization, from discharge to 3 months and from 4 to 12 months after discharge, between children of non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Hispanic, and "Other" racial groups...
May 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Kenneth C Curley, Brian J OʼNeil, Rosanne Naunheim, David W Wright
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that a subpopulation of patients with mild/moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) had intracranial pathology despite having a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 15 and a Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) score of 25 or higher. SETTING: A network of 11 US emergency departments (ED) enrolling patients in a multisite study of TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women between the ages of 18 and 85 years admitted to a participating ED having sustained a closed head injury within the prior 72 hours and a GCS score of 13 to 15 at the time of enrollment...
May 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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