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Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520677/the-use-of-an-electrophysiological-brain-function-index-in-the-evaluation-of-concussed-athletes
#1
M Alison Brooks, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Leslie S Prichep, Samanwoy Ghosh Dastidar, Thomas M Talavage, William Barr
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the electroencephalographic (EEG) Brain Function Index (BFI) for characterizing sports-related concussive injury and recovery. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred fifty-four (354) male contact sport high school and college athletes were prospectively recruited from multiple locations over 6 academic years of play (244 control baseline athletes and 110 athletes with a concussion). METHODS: Using 5 to 10 minutes of eyes closed resting EEG collected from frontal and frontotemporal regions, a BFI was computed for all subjects and sessions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520676/describing-weight-loss-attempts-and-physical-activity-among-individuals-with-tbi-prior-to-participation-in-a-weight-loss-program
#2
Simon Driver, Megan Reynolds, Megan Douglas, Monica Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Describe (1) weight loss history, (2) perceptions about lifestyle changes, and (3) physical activity among a sample of individuals with traumatic brain injury prior to a 12-month lifestyle change program. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals enrolled in a lifestyle change program, 6 months or more post-traumatic brain injury, body mass index of 25 or greater, 18 to 64 years of age, with physician's clearance to participate...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520675/the-role-of-cognitive-reserve-in-recovery-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Kayla A Steward, Richard Kennedy, Thomas A Novack, Michael Crowe, Daniel C Marson, Kristen L Triebel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cognitive reserve (CR) attenuates the initial impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on cognitive performance (neural reserve) and results in faster cognitive recovery rates in the first year postinjury (neural compensation), and whether the advantage of CR differs on the basis of the severity of TBI. SETTING: Inpatient/outpatient clinics at an academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with mild TBI (mTBI; n = 28), complicated mild TBI (cmTBI; n = 24), and moderate to severe TBI (msevTBI; n = 57), and demographically matched controls (n = 66)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520674/relationship-stability-after-traumatic-brain-injury-among-veterans-and-service-members-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#4
Lillian Flores Stevens, Yanna Lapis, Xinyu Tang, Angelle M Sander, Laura E Dreer, Flora M Hammond, Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Therese M OʼNeil-Pirozzi, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To explore stability of relationships and predictors of change in relationship status 2 years following TBI/polytrauma. SETTING: Five Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (VA PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 357 active duty service members and Veterans enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems database with complete marital status information at 2 years postinjury...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520673/behavioral-clinical-trials-in-moderate-to-severe-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-challenges-potential-solutions-and-lessons-learned
#5
Shari L Wade, Brad G Kurowski
The purpose of this commentary is to outline the challenges encountered when conducting clinical trials of interventions for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) and share potential solutions for surmounting these issues. This commentary grows out of our experience implementing 8 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of family-centered interventions to reduce child behavior problems and caregiver/parent distress following pediatric brain injury. These studies, involving more than 600 participants from 8 clinical centers, support the feasibility of conducting RCTs with children who have sustained TBIs while highlighting potential challenges and threats to validity...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520672/sertraline-for-major-depression-during-the-year-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jesse R Fann, Charles H Bombardier, Nancy Temkin, Peter Esselman, Catherine Warms, Jason Barber, Sureyya Dikmen
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is common and associated with impaired functioning after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Few placebo-controlled antidepressant trials exist in this population. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of sertraline for MDD within 1 year of sustaining a TBI. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with MDD within 1 year of hospitalization for complicated mild to severe TBI. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520671/living-life-after-traumatic-brain-injury-phase-1-of-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study
#7
Kathryn McPherson, Joanna Fadyl, Alice Theadom, Alexis Channon, William Levack, Nicola Starkey, Laura Wilkinson-Meyers, Nicola Kayes
OBJECTIVE: To explore what helps and hinders recovery and adaptation after disabling traumatic brain injury (TBI) and make recommendations for improving service responsiveness. DESIGN: A longitudinal qualitative descriptive study across all TBI severities. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Forty people with TBI, and 22 significant others, 6 to 9 months following a TBI. MAIN MEASURES: Semistructured interviews, analyzed using qualitative description, focused on (a) key areas of importance or concern and (b) strategies or actions that people found helpful or that hindered recovery...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520670/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-novel-predictor-of-outcome-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Weiqiang Chen, Jinhua Yang, Bingbing Li, Guoyi Peng, Tianfei Li, Lianjie Li, Shousen Wang
OBJECTIVE: The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to be a predictor of outcome in critical illness. Objective of this study was to investigate the changes of the NLR in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and analyze the relationship between the NLR and TBI outcome. SETTING: China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 855 patients with severe TBI from January 2007 to April 2012. DESIGN: Retrospective...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520669/investigating-the-connection-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-adolescents
#9
Tara Rhine, Amy Cassedy, Keith Owen Yeates, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially modifiable individual and social-environmental correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among adolescents hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four pediatric hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children ages 11 to 18 years, hospitalized for moderate-severe TBI within the past 18 months. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520668/structural-connectivity-related-to-persistent-symptoms-after-mild-tbi-in-adolescents-and-response-to-aerobic-training-preliminary-investigation
#10
Weihong Yuan, Shari L Wade, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Jason A Hugentobler, Paul J Gubanich, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To quantify structural connectivity abnormalities in adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to investigate connectivity changes following aerobic training using graph theory and diffusion tensor imaging tractography. SETTING: Outpatient research setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two children (age: 15.83 ± 1.77 years, 10 females) with 4 to 16 weeks of persistent symptoms after mTBI and a matched healthy comparison group...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520667/supervision-needs-following-veteran-and-service-member-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#11
Erin K Bailey, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Nitin Patel, Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Susan A Ropacki, Angelle M Sander, Lillian Stevens, Xinyu Tang
OBJECTIVE: To characterize supervision levels across residential settings at 1 year post-TBI and explore predictors of supervision in a Veteran and Service-member population. SETTING: Five VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 302 individuals enrolled in the VA TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) research program. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, multisite. MAIN MEASURES: Primary residence and supervision levels measured via scores on the Supervision Rating Scale...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520666/anger-self-management-training-for-chronic-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Tessa Hart, Jo Ann Brockway, Roland D Maiuro, Monica Vaccaro, Jesse R Fann, David Mellick, Cindy Harrison-Felix, Jason Barber, Nancy Temkin
OBJECTIVE: To test efficacy of 8-session, 1:1 treatment, anger self-management training (ASMT), for chronic moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Three US outpatient treatment facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety people with TBI and elevated self-reported anger; 76 significant others (SOs) provided collateral data. DESIGN: Multicenter randomized controlled trial with 2:1 randomization to ASMT or structurally equivalent comparison treatment, personal readjustment and education (PRE)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520665/family-history-of-migraine-associated-with-posttraumatic-migraine-symptoms-following-sport-related-concussion
#13
Alicia Sufrinko, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, R J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether family history of migraine increased the likelihood of posttraumatic migraine (PTM) symptom presentation in adolescents following concussion, and examine the influence of family history of migraine and PTM on postinjury outcomes. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 153 patients with concussion (103 males and 50 females) aged 15.72 ± 1.48 years (range 12-18 years). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study of patients presenting for initial evaluation 4...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520664/follow-up-care-adherence-after-hospital-discharge-in-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Alexandra J Spaw, Jennifer P Lundine, Sarah A Johnson, Jin Peng, Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Ginger Yang, Kathy J Haley, Jonathan I Groner, Henry Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with follow-up care adherence in children hospitalized because of traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: An urban level 1 children's hospital trauma registry was queried to identify patients (2-18 years) hospitalized with a TBI in 2013 to 2014. Chart reviewers assessed discharge summaries and follow-up instructions in 4 departments. MAIN MEASURES: Three levels of adherence-nonadherence, partial adherence, and full adherence-and their associations with care delivery, patient, and injury factors...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520663/contributions-to-executive-dysfunction-in-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Sarah M Jurick, Laura D Crocker, Mark Sanderson-Cimino, Amber V Keller, Liljana S Trenova, Briana L Boyd, Elizabeth W Twamley, Carie S Rodgers, Dawn M Schiehser, Robin L Aupperle, Amy J Jak
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), and executive function (EF) difficulties are prevalent in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans. We evaluated the contributions of injury variables, lower-order cognitive component processes (processing speed/attention), and psychological symptoms to EF. PARTICIPANTS: OEF/OIF Veterans (N = 65) with PTSD and history of mTBI were administered neuropsychological tests of EF and self-report assessments of PTSD and depression...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520662/anxiety-disorders-in-adults-with-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-evidence-of-difficulties-more-than-10-years-postinjury
#16
Michelle Albicini, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term psychiatric outcomes in individuals with a history of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) or orthopedic injury (OI). SETTING: Hospital emergency department, medical admission records and outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: There were 95 males (M = 22.78 years, SD = 3.44 years) and 74 females (M = 22.27 years, SD = 3.09 years), 65 with mild TBI (M = 23.25 years, SD = 3.58 years), 61 with moderate-severe TBI (M = 22...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520661/traumatic-brain-injury-and-depression-in-a-community-based-sample-a-cohort-study-across-the-adult-life-span
#17
A J Osborn, J L Mathias, A K Fairweather-Schmidt, K J Anstey
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether self-reported traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are associated with "cases" of clinically significant depression in the general community. To examine interactions between variables previously linked to depression after a TBI. SETTING: Population-based community study (Canberra and Queanbeyan, Australia). PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Three age cohorts: young, middle-aged, and older adults (aged 20-24, 40-44, and 60-64 years at baseline) randomly selected from the electoral roll and followed across 3 waves (4 years apart)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520660/childhood-trauma-and-lifetime-traumatic-brain-injury-among-individuals-who-are-homeless
#18
Michael Jae Song, Mohammadali Nikoo, Fiona Choi, Christian G Schütz, Kerry Jang, Reinhard Michael Krausz
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of childhood trauma and lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who are homeless. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Three cities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred individuals who are homeless and 19 years of age or older in 2009. MEASUREMENTS: Traumatic brain injury was identified with National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC) and childhood trauma using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520659/predictors-of-satisfaction-with-life-in-veterans-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#19
Leah R Gause, Jacob A Finn, Greg J Lamberty, Xinyu Tang, Lillian Flores Stevens, Blessen C Eapen, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of satisfaction with life in Veterans 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: The VA TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) project includes 5 Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans enrolled in the VA TBIMS study who completed the Satisfaction With Life Scale at year 1 follow-up. The sample is largely male (96%) and Caucasian (72%), with a median age of 27 years upon enrollment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422901/the-deployment-trauma-phenotype-and-employment-status-in-veterans-of-the-wars-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#20
Melissa M Amick, Mark Meterko, Catherine B Fortier, Jennifer R Fonda, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of comorbid mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression, termed the deployment trauma phenotype (DTP), and its constituent diagnoses' impact on unemployment status in a national cohort of veterans. SETTING: Retrospective analysis of the comprehensive TBI evaluation, a Veterans Affairs-wide protocol for assessing TBI, employment status, and psychiatric impressions. PARTICIPANTS: The final data set consisted of 48 821 veterans...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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