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Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194181/feasibility-of-a-skills-based-group-reintegration-workshop-for-oef-oif-veterans-step-home
#1
Catherine Brawn Fortier, Alexandra Kenna, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Jennifer Fonda, Laura K Levin, Colleen Hursh, Hannah Franz, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed reintegration workshop for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans that is based on an evidence-based rehabilitation program shown to be effective in treating mild traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in civilians. Underutilization and resistance to mental health treatment remain a significant problem for OEF/OIF Veterans. Innovative, integrative, transdiagnostic, and acceptable interventions are needed, particularly for this heterogeneous group...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194180/agitated-behavior-and-activities-of-daily-living-retraining-during-posttraumatic-amnesia
#2
Jessica Trevena-Peters, Jennie Ponsford, Adam McKay
BACKGROUND: Patients in posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) may receive limited rehabilitation due to the risk of overstimulation and agitation. This assumption has not been tested. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between agitated behavior and participation in therapy for retraining of activities of daily living (ADL) while in PTA. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 participants with severe traumatic brain injury, admitted to rehabilitation, in PTA of more than 7 days...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194179/correspondence-of-the-boston-assessment-of-traumatic-brain-injury-lifetime-and-the-va-comprehensive-tbi-evaluation
#3
Lauren J Radigan, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Catherine Brawn Fortier
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnosis of positive versus negative for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) using the Boston Assessment of TBI-Lifetime (BAT-L), a validated forensic clinical interview used to identify TBI in research, to the diagnosis of mTBI in the clinical polytrauma service using the Comprehensive TBI Evaluation (CTBIE). PARTICIPANTS: Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn Veterans who were enrolled in the Translational Research Center for TBI and Stress Disorders longitudinal cohort study and received a CTBIE at a Veterans Health Administration healthcare facility (n = 104)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194178/relationship-between-neurocognitive-function-and-self-discrepancy-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Elizabeth Jane Beadle, Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, David H K Shum
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often make unfavorable comparisons between their preinjury and postinjury selves. Although it is known that negative "self-discrepancy" is related to poorer emotional adjustment, the impact of neurocognitive function on self-discrepancy is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between current neurocognitive function (attention, memory, executive function, and self-awareness) and self-discrepancy after severe TBI...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194177/efficacy-of-a-micro-prompting-technology-in-reducing-support-needed-by-people-with-severe-acquired-brain-injury-in-activities-of-daily-living-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Brian OʼNeill, Catherine Best, Lauren OʼNeill, Sara D S Ramos, Alex Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an automated interactive prompting technology in supporting the morning routine of persons with acquired brain injury. The morning routine included maintaining personal hygiene and dressing. SETTING: An inpatient neurorehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with acquired brain injury who required prompting when following their morning routine (n = 24), but were not limited by physical disability or dysphasia, took part in the study...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194176/racial-disparities-in-outpatient-mental-health-service-use-among-children-hospitalized-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Megan Moore, Nathalia Jimenez, Janessa M Graves, Tessa Rue, Jesse R Fann, Frederick P Rivara, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial differences in mental health service utilization after hospitalization for traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children with Medicaid insurance. DESIGN AND MAIN MEASURES: Retrospective analysis of the MarketScan Multi-State Medicaid database from 2007 to 2012 was performed. Outpatient mental health service utilization (psychiatric and psychological individual and group services) was compared at TBI hospitalization, from discharge to 3 months and from 4 to 12 months after discharge, between children of non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Hispanic, and "Other" racial groups...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084107/postrehabilitation-mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#7
Jacob A Finn, Greg J Lamberty, Xinyu Tang, Marie E Saylors, Lillian Flores Stevens, Tracy Kretzmer
OBJECTIVE: To identify preinjury variables related to mental health treatment utilization at 2 years post-traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Veterans Affairs (VA) TBI Model Systems includes 5 VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans and service members enrolled in TBI Model Systems who completed the year 2 follow-up assessment and provided mental health information. Sample was largely male (97%) and White (72%), with median age of 30 years...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084106/hyperarousal-symptoms-explain-the-relationship-between-cognitive-complaints-and-working-memory-performance-in-veterans-seeking-ptsd-treatment
#8
Matt R Judah, Jenna B Renfroe, Bethany C Wangelin, Travis H Turner, Peter W Tuerk
OBJECTIVE: Comorbidity and symptom overlap between traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in veterans returning from deployment present challenges with respect to differential diagnosis and treatment. Both conditions frequently manifest with attention and working memory deficits, though the underlying neuropsychological basis differs. This study evaluated whether hyperarousal symptoms explain the relationship between subjective and objective measures of cognition in a veteran sample...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084105/intracranial-pathology-ct-in-emergency-department-patients-with-high-gcs-and-high-standard-assessment-of-concussion-sac-scores
#9
Kenneth C Curley, Brian J OʼNeil, Rosanne Naunheim, David W Wright
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that a subpopulation of patients with mild/moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) had intracranial pathology despite having a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 15 and a Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) score of 25 or higher. SETTING: A network of 11 US emergency departments (ED) enrolling patients in a multisite study of TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women between the ages of 18 and 85 years admitted to a participating ED having sustained a closed head injury within the prior 72 hours and a GCS score of 13 to 15 at the time of enrollment...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084104/prevalence-of-head-injury-and-associated-disability-in-prison-populations-a-systematic-review
#10
Claire R Moynan, Tom M McMillan
OBJECTIVE: This review systematically assesses literature on the prevalence of head injury (HI) and associated disability in adults in prison. METHODS: Searches were carried out using electronic databases (PsycINFO, Cochrane Databases, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science). Reference lists of 2 meta-analyses were checked for relevant articles. Methods were rated for risk of bias. RESULTS: The 10 studies included report a range in prevalence of HI in prisoners from 25% to 86%...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084103/postconcussion-symptom-reporting-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-female-service-members-impact-of-gender-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity-of-injury-and-associated-bodily-injuries
#11
Sara M Lippa, Tracey A Brickell, Jason M Bailie, Louis M French, Jan E Kennedy, Rael T Lange
OBJECTIVE: Examine effects of diagnostically relevant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity, and associated bodily injury severity on postconcussion symptom reporting in female service members (SM) compared with a matched sample of male SM. SETTING: Six US military medical treatment facilities. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 158 SM (79 females, 79 males) evaluated within 30 months after mild TBI...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084102/lifetime-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-current-disability-among-ohio-adults
#12
Honggang Yi, John D Corrigan, Bhavna Singichetti, Jennifer A Bogner, Kara Manchester, Jinhong Guo, Jingzhen Yang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between lifetime history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with loss of consciousness (LOC) and several types of current disability among adult, noninstitutionalized residents of Ohio. PARTICIPANTS: 2014 Ohio Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System participants (n = 6998). DESIGN: Statewide population-based survey. MAIN MEASURES: Lifetime history of TBI with LOC (number and severity of injury, age of first injury), and number and type of disability (vision, cognition, mobility, self-care, and/or independent living)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084101/window-to-hope-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-psychological-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-hopelessness-among-veterans-with-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Lisa A Brenner, Jeri E Forster, Adam S Hoffberg, Bridget B Matarazzo, Trisha A Hostetter, Gina Signoracci, Grahame K Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a psychological intervention to reduce moderate to severe hopelessness among Veterans with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Two-arm parallel group, controlled, randomized crossover trial, with 3-month follow-up for those initially allocated to treatment. Participants were randomly allocated in blocks of 4 on a 1:1 ratio to treatment (n = 15) or waitlist (n = 20) groups. SETTING: A Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084100/efficacy-of-telerehabilitation-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Tamara Ownsworth, Urska Arnautovska, Elizabeth Beadle, David H K Shum, Wendy Moyle
OBJECTIVE: To identify and appraise studies evaluating the efficacy of telerehabilitation for adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A systematic search of Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and PsycINFO databases was conducted from January 1980 to April 23, 2017, for studies evaluating the efficacy of telerehabilitation for adults with TBI. Two reviewers independently assessed articles for eligibility and rated methodological quality using 16 criteria related to internal validity, descriptive, and statistical characteristics...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084099/using-robotics-to-quantify-impairments-in-sensorimotor-ability-visuospatial-attention-working-memory-and-executive-function-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Lindsey M Logan, Jennifer A Semrau, Chantel T Debert, Jeffrey M Kenzie, Stephen H Scott, Sean P Dukelow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of a robotic assessment tool to quantify sensorimotor, visuospatial attention, and executive function impairments in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Foothills Hospital (Calgary, Canada). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three subjects with first-time TBI in the subacute to chronic phase participated in this study. Normative data were collected from 275 to 494 neurologically intact control subjects for each robotic task...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084098/psychological-predictors-of-postconcussive-symptoms-following-traumatic-injury
#16
Karen A Sullivan, Shannon L Edmed, Jaimi H Greenslade, Melanie White, Kevin Chu, Bill Lukin, Rael T Lange, Janine K Lurie
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of demographics, injury type, pain, and psychological factors on postconcussive symptoms. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Recently injured (n = 54) and noninjured (n = 184) adults were recruited from a hospital emergency department or the community. Thirty-eight individuals met the diagnostic criteria for a mild traumatic brain injury and 16 individuals received treatment for a minor traumatic non-brain injury. MAIN MEASURES: Standardized tests were administered to assess 4 postconcussion symptom types and theorized predictors including a "physiogenic" variable (injury type) and "psychogenic" variables (symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress) within 1 month of the injury...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095772/mood-stabilizers-for-traumatic-brain-injury-related-agitation
#17
Inder D Kalra, Thomas K Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520673/behavioral-clinical-trials-in-moderate-to-severe-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-challenges-potential-solutions-and-lessons-learned
#18
Shari L Wade, Brad G Kurowski
: The purpose of this commentary is to outline the challenges encountered when conducting clinical trials of interventions for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) and share potential solutions for surmounting these issues. This commentary grows out of our experience implementing 8 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of family-centered interventions to reduce child behavior problems and caregiver/parent distress following pediatric brain injury. These studies, involving more than 600 participants from 8 clinical centers, support the feasibility of conducting RCTs with children who have sustained TBIs while highlighting potential challenges and threats to validity...
November 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520668/structural-connectivity-related-to-persistent-symptoms-after-mild-tbi-in-adolescents-and-response-to-aerobic-training-preliminary-investigation
#19
Weihong Yuan, Shari L Wade, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Jason A Hugentobler, Paul J Gubanich, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To quantify structural connectivity abnormalities in adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to investigate connectivity changes following aerobic training using graph theory and diffusion tensor imaging tractography. SETTING: Outpatient research setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two children (age: 15.83 ± 1.77 years, 10 females) with 4 to 16 weeks of persistent symptoms after mTBI and a matched healthy comparison group...
November 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489701/pediatricians-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-to-screening-children-after-complicated-mild-tbi-a-survey
#20
Heather T Keenan, Susan L Bratton, Rebecca R Dixon
OBJECTIVE: To understand pediatricians' attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors about the care of children with complicated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3500 pediatricians randomly selected from the American Medical Association Master File. DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional survey. MAIN MEASURES: A survey developed to assess pediatricians' attitudes toward following children with complicated mild TBI for cognitive and behavioral sequelae; their knowledge of TBI sequelae; and their usual evaluation and management of children after TBI...
November 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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