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Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

Flora M Hammond, John D Corrigan, Jessica M Ketchum, James F Malec, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Tessa Hart, Thomas A Novack, Jennifer Bogner, Marie N Dahdah, Gale G Whiteneck
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of selected medical and psychiatric comorbidities that existed prior to or up to 10 years following traumatic brain injury (TBI) requiring acute rehabilitation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Six TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) centers. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 404 participants in the TBIMS National Database who experienced TBI 10 years prior. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Atiyeh Vaezipour, Brooke-Mai Whelan, Kylie Wall, Deborah Theodoros
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) commonly result in persistent physical, cognitive, and/or emotional deficits that require long-term rehabilitation. Technology-enabled rehabilitation provides an innovative alternative to traditional intervention models. End-user acceptance of these interventions, however, is a critical factor in determining the effective implementation and acceptance of these technologies. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to identify methods and measures used to evaluate user acceptance relating to rehabilitation technologies for adults with moderate to severe TBI, their caregivers, and healthcare professionals...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Dustin Currie, Traci Snedden, Lauren Pierpoint, R Dawn Comstock, Joseph A Grubenhoff
OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic, demographic, and caregiver factors associated with children attending primary care provider (PCP) follow-up after emergency department (ED) evaluation for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). SETTING: Pediatric trauma center ED. PARTICIPANTS: Children 8 to 18 years of age sustaining mTBI less than 48 hours prior to an ED visit. Mean age of the 183 participants was 12 years with no significant differences between those who attended follow-up and those who did not in race, ethnicity, insurance provider, or PCP office setting...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
David M Morris, Edward Taub, Victor W Mark, Wei Liu, Lisa Brenner, Treven Pickett, Kelly Stearns-Yoder, Staci Bishop-McKay, Andrea Taylor, Laura Reder, Terrie Adams, James Rimmer, Dustin Dew, Jerzy Szaflarski, Brent Womble, Lillian Stevens, David Rothman, Gitendra Uswatte
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) has been shown to reduce disability for individuals with upper extremity (UE) hemiparesis following different neurologic injuries. This article describes the study design and methodological considerations of the Bringing Rehabilitation to American Veterans Everywhere (BRAVE) Project, a randomized controlled trial of CI therapy to improve the motor deficit of participants with chronic and subacute traumatic brain injury. Our CI therapy protocol comprises 4 major components: (1) intensive training of the more-affected UE for target of 3 hour/day for 10 consecutive weekdays, (2) a behavioral technique termed shaping during training, (3) a "transfer package," 0...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Richard E Nelson, Junjie Ma, Yan Cheng, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Amy Clark, Heather Keenan
BACKGROUND: We enrolled patients in a prospective study in which we obtained estimates of the direct and indirect burden for families of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) relative to a control group of families of children with orthopedic injury (OI). METHODS: Parents were surveyed at 3 time points following injury: 3, 6, and 12 months. At each follow-up contact, we asked parents to list the number of workdays missed, number of miles traveled, amount of travel-related costs, and whether their child had an emergency department (ED) visit, hospital admission, any over-the-counter (OTC) medications, and any prescription medications during that time period...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Stacy J Suskauer, Keith Owen Yeates, Kelly Sarmiento, Edward C Benzel, Matthew J Breiding, Catherine Broomand, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Michael Turner, Barbara Weissman, Angela Lumba-Brown
OBJECTIVE: The recently published Centers for Disease Control and Prevention evidence-based guideline on pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) was developed following an extensive review of the scientific literature. Through this review, experts identified limitations in existing pediatric mTBI research related to study setting and generalizability, mechanism of injury and age of cohorts studied, choice of control groups, confounding, measurement issues, reporting of results, and specific study design considerations...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Natalie P Kreitzer, Kimberly Hart, Christopher J Lindsell, Geoffrey T Manley, Sureyya S Dikmen, Jonathan J Ratcliff, John K Yue, Opeolu M Adeoye
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between satisfaction with life (SWL) and functional outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury Pilot study (TRACK-TBI Pilot) enrolled patients at 3 US Level I trauma centers within 24 hours of TBI. DESIGN: Patients were grouped by outcome measure concordance (good-recovery/good-satisfaction, impaired-recovery/impaired-satisfaction) and discordance (good-recovery/impaired-satisfaction, impaired-recovery/good-satisfaction)...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Samantha N Hoffman, Matthew S Herbert, Laura D Crocker, Nicole E DeFord, Amber V Keller, Sarah M Jurick, Mark Sanderson-Cimino, Amy J Jak
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of pain catastrophizing (PC) in neuropsychological functioning in veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-nine Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans evaluated in the post-acute phase following mild TBI. METHODS: Participants underwent psychiatric and TBI clinical interviews, neuropsychological tests, and self-report assessments of PC, pain intensity, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Tiphaine Bourseau, Virginie Saoût, Pauline Ali, Uriell Pouliquen-Loriferne, Philippe Allain, Mickaël Dinomais
OBJECTIVE: To give a cross-sectional overview of ongoing management of behavioral disorders following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a region of France, to compare this with recent recommendations from the French Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (SOFMER), and to evaluate associations between treatments and participant characteristics. SETTING: Outpatients referred to medical or community-based facilities in a region of France. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-nine adults with moderate to severe TBI, in the postacute period (over 3 months postinjury)...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Christopher Abeare, Isabelle Messa, Cameron Whitfield, Brandon Zuccato, Joseph Casey, Nicholas Rykulski, Laszlo Erdodi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of invalid performance on baseline neurocognitive testing using embedded measures within computerized tests and individually administered neuropsychological measures, and to examine the influence of incentive status and performance validity on neuropsychological test scores. SETTING: Sport-related concussion management program at a regionally accredited university. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 83 collegiate football athletes completing their preseason baseline assessment within the University's concussion management program and a control group of 140 nonathlete students...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Teena Shetty, Taylor Cogsil, Aashka Dalal, Esther Kim, Kristin Halvorsen, Kelianne Cummings, Joseph T Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: A panel of biomarkers is needed to definitively diagnose mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). There is a clear role for the inclusion of an inflammatory biomarker. This study looked to find a relationship between high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), an inflammatory biomarker, and mTBI. SETTING: Neurology department of high-volume tertiary orthopedic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals diagnosed with mTBI (n = 311, age 21 ± 12 years, 53% female)...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Danielle R Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a major public health concern that has generated considerable scientific interest as a complex brain disorder that is associated with long-term neural consequences. This article reviews the literature on cerebrovascular dysfunction in chronic mTBI, with a focus on the long-term neural implications of such dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Evidence is presented from human neuroimaging studies to support cerebrovascular involvement in long-term mTBI pathology...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Ann E Glang, Melissa McCart, Jody Slocumb, Jeff M Gau, Susan C Davies, Doug Gomez, Laura Beck
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of an online traumatic brain injury (TBI) professional development intervention, In the Classroom After Concussion: Best Practices for Student Success. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with a sample of 100 general educators, who were randomly assigned to the In the Classroom Web site (treatment group) or the LEARNet Web site (control group). Participants completed the pretest, accessed the In the Classroom or LEARNet site and the posttest and completed follow-up assessments 60 days after posttest...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Edith N Botchway, Celia Godfrey, Vicki Anderson, Cathy Catroppa
OBJECTIVE: To systematically appraise the literature on the prevalence, types, and predictors of sleep-wake disturbances (SWD), and on the relationship between SWD, fatigue, depression, and quality of life in children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsychInfo, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were searched, reference lists of retrieved articles were also searched for relevant articles, and study methods were evaluated for risk of bias...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Jane Roitsch, Rachael Redman, Anne M P Michalek, Rachel K Johnson, Anastasia M Raymer
OBJECTIVE: This review appraised the quality of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) to summarize research on behavioral interventions for attention disorders in persons with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A search of 7 databases revealed 15 MAs/SRs reporting outcomes for attention treatments in traumatic brain injury. Two examiners independently coded the quality of reviews with the Critical Appraisal of Systematic Review or Meta-Analysis and the Evidence in Augmentative and Alternative Communication Systematic Review Scale...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Jessica M Aguilar, Amy E Cassedy, Emily L Shultz, Michael W Kirkwood, Terry Stancin, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a web-based parenting intervention (Internet-Based Interacting Together Everyday: Recovery After Childhood TBI [I-InTERACT]) and an abbreviated version (Express) in reducing executive dysfunction and internalizing problems among young children following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Parents of 113 children (ages 3-9 years) who had sustained a TBI were randomized to 1 of 3 treatment groups: I-InTERACT, Express, or an Internet Resource Comparison (IRC) group...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Jessica Kersey, Lauren Terhorst, Chao-Yi Wu, Elizabeth Skidmore
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify predictors of community integration for adults with traumatic brain injury. DATA SOURCES: We searched the PubMed and PsycINFO databases and reviewed references of included studies. We selected studies exploring multiple components of community integration, including instrumental activities of daily living, leisure activities, and social activities. A total of 53 studies were included. DATA EXTRACTION: We extracted data on sample size and sample characteristics (stage of injury and recovery, severity) and examined predictor variables, outcome measures for community integration, and significant findings, reported as correlations...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Reidar P Lystad, Cate M Cameron, Rebecca J Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and describe excess mortality attributable to traumatic brain injury (TBI) during the 12 months after hospitalization. DESIGN: Population-based matched cohort study using linked hospital and mortality data. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 18 years and older who were hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of TBI in 2009 (n = 6929) and matched noninjured individuals randomly selected from the electoral roll (n = 6929)...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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January 2019: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Bhavna Singichetti, Julie C Leonard, Alyssa R Janezic, Hongmei Li, Honggang Yi, Jingzhen Yang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of state youth traumatic brain injury (TBI) legislation on pediatric emergency department (ED) utilization for sports and recreation-related mild TBIs (mTBIs). PARTICIPANTS: ED visits by children ages 5 to 18 years between 2006 and 2014 in the Pediatric Health Information System database (N = 452 900). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. MAIN MEASURES: Rates of ED visits, and injury comparison groups (mTBI, moderate to severe TBI, minor head injury, and long bone fracture)...
November 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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