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Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092286/childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-associations-with-risk-behavior-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#1
Eleanor Kennedy, Miriam Cohen, Marcus Munafò
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence that childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with risk behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. Risk behavior included one or more of the following: use of substances, including alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substances; involvement in criminal behavior; and behavioral issues with conduct. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using these terms: child, pediatric, traumatic brain injury, head injury, adolescent, psychosocial, antisocial, conduct, substance use...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060211/service-delivery-in-the-healthcare-and-educational-systems-for-children-following-traumatic-brain-injury-gaps-in-care
#2
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Angela Ciccia, Jonathan Dodd, Deborah Ettel, Brad Kurowski, Angela Lumba-Brown, Stacy Suskauer
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of evidence and consensus-based description of healthcare and educational service delivery and related recommendations for children with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Literature review and group discussion of best practices in management of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was performed to facilitate consensus-based recommendations from the American Congress on Rehabilitation Medicine's Pediatric and Adolescent Task Force on Brain Injury...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060210/obtaining-a-history-of-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-using-the-ohio-state-university-tbi-identification-method-to-elicit-adult-recall
#3
Audrey McKinlay, John D Corrigan, Jennifer A Bogner, L John Horwood
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concordance between medically documented childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) and recall of same by adults aged 35 years. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 962 birth cohort members from the Christchurch Health and Development Study available at the 35-year follow-up. MAIN MEASURES: Childhood TBI information prospectively collected yearly over ages 0 to 15 years as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060209/catechol-o-methyltransferase-genotypes-and-parenting-influence-on-long-term-executive-functioning-after-moderate-to-severe-early-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-an-exploratory-study
#4
Brad G Kurowski, Amery Treble-Barna, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Lisa J Martin, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVES: To examine catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) rs4680 genotypes as moderators of the effects of parenting style on postinjury changes in parent behavior ratings of executive dysfunction following moderate to severe early childhood traumatic brain injury. SETTING: Research was conducted in an outpatient setting. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included children admitted to hospital with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (n = 55) or orthopedic injuries (n = 70) between ages 3 and 7 years...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060208/branched-chain-amino-acids-bcaas-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#5
Bhanu Sharma, David W Lawrence, Michael G Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI), pharmaceutical treatment options for brain injury remain limited. However, nutritional intervention (such as with branched chain amino acids [BCAAs]) has emerged as a promising treatment option for TBI. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine whether TBI patients have lower levels of endogenous BCAAs postinjury; and (2) to evaluate whether post-TBI BCAA supplementation improves clinical outcome. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary research articles examining the relationship between BCAAs and TBI recovery indexed in Ovid/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060207/brain-cholinergic-function-and-response-to-rivastigmine-in-patients-with-chronic-sequels-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pet-study
#6
Anna Östberg, Jere Virta, Juha O Rinne, Vesa Oikonen, Pauliina Luoto, Kjell Någren, Eveliina Arponen, Olli Tenovuo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate quantitative positron emission tomography (PET) findings and to study whether the cholinergic function differs between respondents to cholinergic medication versus nonrespondents. SETTING: Outpatient clinic and university PET imaging center. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 17 subjects for more than 1 year after at least moderate traumatic brain injury. Ten of the subjects were respondents and 7 nonrespondents to cholinergic medication...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060206/tbi-and-treatment-response-in-a-randomized-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#7
Jessica Bomyea, Ariel J Lang, Paula P Schnurr
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs in a substantial minority of military personnel, and commonly is associated with mental health disorders and postconcussive symptoms (PCS). The implications of TBI for mental health treatment are not well understood. The present study sought to describe psychotherapy response in veterans with and without TBI. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis from a 2-group randomized controlled trial. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASURES: One hundred and sixty male and female veterans participated in a multisite randomized controlled trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Present Centered Therapy; a subset of 129 veterans were included in these analyses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060205/reductions-in-alexithymia-and-emotion-dysregulation-after-training-emotional-self-awareness-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-phase-i-trial
#8
Dawn Neumann, James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability and initial efficacy of an emotional self-awareness treatment at reducing alexithymia and emotion dysregulation in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen adults with moderate to severe TBI and alexithymia. Time postinjury ranged 1 to 33 years. DESIGN: Within subject design, with 3 assessment times: baseline, posttest, and 2-month follow-up...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060204/late-functional-changes-post-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-are-related-to-community-reentry-support-results-from-the-paris-tbi-cohort
#9
Claire Jourdan, E Bayen, C Vallat-Azouvi, I Ghout, E Darnoux, S Azerad, J Charanton, P Aegerter, P Pradat-Diehl, A Ruet, P Azouvi
OBJECTIVES: To explore late functional changes after a traumatic brain injury and their relation to patients' characteristics and reentry support. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an inception cohort of adults with severe traumatic brain injury recruited in 2005-2007 in the Parisian area, France. One and 4-year assessments were performed by trained neuropsychologists. One-to-4-year change in the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended defined 3 groups: "improvement," "stability," and "worsening...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060203/predictors-of-employment-outcomes-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#10
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Tessa Hart, Gail Powell-Cope, Laura E Dreer, Blessen C Eapen, Scott D Barnett, Dave Mellick, Adam Haskin, Marc A Silva
OBJECTIVES: To examine the length of time to return to work (RTW) among service members and veterans (SM/V) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify variables predictive of RTW. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (VA PRC). PARTICIPANTS: SM/V enrolled in the VA PRC Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems database who were of 18 to 60 years of age and admitted with the diagnosis of TBI. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060202/the-relationship-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-criminality-in-juvenile-offenders
#11
Wayne A Gordon, Lisa A Spielman, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Karla Therese L Sy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and criminal behavior in youth who are incarcerated or on probation in Texas. SETTING: Seven juvenile justice facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Juvenile offenders in state or county correctional facilities or on probation. DESIGN: Screening for TBI was conducted among adolescents at 7 juvenile justice centers. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were administered the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire, and results were linked to participants' offense history and psychiatric diagnoses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060201/epidemiology-of-comorbid-conditions-among-adults-50-years-and-older-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Raj G Kumar, Shannon B Juengst, Zhensheng Wang, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Sureyya S Dikmen, Therese M OʼNeil-Pirozzi, Marie N Dahdah, Flora M Hammond, Elizabeth R Felix, Patricia M Arenth, Amy K Wagner
OBJECTIVES: Aging individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience multiple comorbidities that can affect recovery from injury. The objective of this study was to describe the most commonly co-occurring comorbid conditions among adults 50 years and older with TBI. SETTING: Level I Trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Adults 50 years and older with moderate/severe TBI enrolled in the TBI-Model Systems (TBI-MS) from 2007 to 2014 (n = 2134)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060200/early-fever-as-a-predictor-of-paroxysmal-sympathetic-hyperactivity-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Holly E Hinson, Martin A Schreiber, Amber L Laurie, Ian J Baguley, Dennis Bourdette, Geoffrey S F Ling
OBJECTIVE: Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is characterized by episodic, hyperadrenergic alterations in vital signs after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We sought to apply an objective scale to the vital sign alterations of PSH in order to determine whether 1 element might be predictive of developing PSH. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS/DESIGN: We conducted an observational study of consecutive TBI patients (Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤12) and monitored the cohort for clinical evidence of PSH...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831962/the-clinical-diagnostic-utility-of-electrophysiological-techniques-in-assessment-of-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-following-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
S L Hauger, A-K Schanke, S Andersson, C Chatelle, C Schnakers, M Løvstad
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic utility of electrophysiological recordings during active cognitive tasks in detecting residual cognitive capacities in patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC) after severe acquired brain injury. DESIGN: Systematic review of empirical research in MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane from January 2002 to March 2016. MAIN MEASURES: Data extracted included sample size, type of electrophysiological technique and task design, rate of cognitive responders, false negatives and positives, and excluded subjects from the study analysis...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060056/military-civilian-collaborations-for-mtbi-rehabilitation-research-in-an-active-duty-population-lessons-learned-from-the-assessment-of-military-multitasking-performance-project
#15
Karen L McCulloch, Amy S Cecchini, Mary V Radomski, Matthew R Scherer, Laurel Smith, Caroline Cleveland, Henry P McMillan, Leslie F Davidson, Margaret M Weightman
This article describes lessons learned in the planning, development, and administration of a collaborative military-civilian research project, the Assessment of Military Multitasking Performance, which was designed to address a gap in clinical assessment for active duty service members with mild traumatic brain injury who wish to return to active duty. Our team worked over the course of multiple years to develop an assessment for military therapists to address this need. Insights gained through trial and error are shared to provide guidance for civilian researchers who may wish to collaborate with active duty researchers...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323220/neurobehavioral-characteristics-of-older-veterans-with-remote-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Carrie B Peltz, Raquel C Gardner, Kimbra Kenney, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Joel H Kramer, Kristine Yaffe
OBJECTIVE: While traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common across the life span, the detailed neurobehavioral characteristics of older adults with prior TBI remain unclear. Our goal was to compare the clinical profile of older independently living veterans with and without prior TBI. SETTING: Two veterans' retirement communities. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five participants with TBI and 71 without (mean age = 78 years). DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323217/community-reintegration-problems-among-veterans-and-active-duty-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Suzanne McGarity, Scott D Barnett, Greg Lamberty, Tracy Kretzmer, Gail Powell-Cope, Nitin Patel, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVES: To examine community reintegration problems among Veterans and military service members with mild or moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) at 1 year postinjury and to identify unique predictors that may contribute to these difficulties. SETTING: VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 154 inpatients enrolled in the VA TBI Model Systems Program with available injury severity data (mild = 28.6%; moderate/severe = 71...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120293/traumatic-brain-injury-sleep-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-air-force-personnel-pre-and-postdeployment-to-iraq
#18
Jessica L Holster, Craig J Bryan, Elizabeth A Heron, Robert A Seegmiller
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the complex relationships between traumatic brain injury (TBI), sleep, and mental health problems longitudinally among US service members (SMs) pre- and postdeployment to Iraq. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred sixty-eight SMs enrolled in a 4-week Air Force Basic Combat Convoy Course predeployment. DESIGN: Self-report data were collected at the beginning and end of training and then at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postdeployment...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022963/risk-of-stroke-among-older-medicare-antidepressant-users-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Bilal Khokhar, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Jennifer S Albrecht
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of stroke associated with new antidepressant use among older adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 64 214 Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older meeting inclusion criteria and hospitalized with a TBI during 2006 to 2010. DESIGN: New user design. Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate the relative risks (RRs) of stroke. MAIN MEASURES: Primary exposure was new antidepressant use following TBI identified through Medicare part D claims...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022962/preenlistment-and-early-service-risk-factors-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-army-and-marine-corps-fy-2002-2010
#20
Hoda Elmasry, Michael R Boivin, Xiaoshu Feng, Elizabeth R Packnett, David N Cowan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the preenlistment and early service risk factors for traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related disability in Army and Marine Corps service members. DESIGN: Matched case-control design. MAIN OUTCOME: TBI disability discharges. SUBJECTS: Army and Marine Corps service members with an enlistment record and disability discharge for TBI were included as cases. Controls were selected from the enlisted population with no disability evaluation record and were matched on fiscal year of enlistment, sex, and service at a ratio of 5:1...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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