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Early Childhood Research Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970649/impacts-of-a-literacy-focused-preschool-curriculum-on-the-early-literacy-skills-of-language-minority-children
#1
J Marc Goodrich, Christopher J Lonigan, Jo Ann M Farver
Spanish-speaking language-minority (LM) children are at an elevated risk of struggling academically and display signs of that risk during early childhood. Therefore, high-quality research is needed to identify instructional techniques that promote the school readiness of Spanish-speaking LM children. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention that utilized an experimental curriculum and two professional development models for the development of English and Spanish early literacy skills among LM children...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919666/the-selection-of-preschool-for-immigrant-and-native-born-latino-families-in-the-united-states
#2
Arya Ansari
With the national push to expand preschool education, there has been growing interest in understanding why Latino families are enrolled in preschool at lower rates than non-Latino families. This study applied the accommodations model by Meyers and Jordan (2006) to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 5,850) to provide a more nuanced understanding of the preschool selection of U.S.- and foreign-born Latino families. Results from this investigation underscored the similarities and differences that existed in the selection behaviors of different groups of families, while also highlighting important differences within the Latino population...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684888/elementary-students-effortful-control-and-academic-achievement-the-mediating-role-of-teacher-student-relationship-quality
#3
Maciel M Hernández, Carlos Valiente, Nancy Eisenberg, Rebecca H Berger, Tracy L Spinrad, Sarah K VanSchyndel, Kassondra M Silva, Jody Southworth, Marilyn S Thompson
This study evaluated the association between effortful control in kindergarten and academic achievement one year later (N = 301), and whether teacher-student closeness and conflict in kindergarten mediated the association. Parents, teachers, and observers reported on children's effortful control, and teachers reported on their perceived levels of closeness and conflict with students. Students completed the passage comprehension and applied problems subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson tests of achievement, as well as a behavioral measure of effortful control...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348456/positively-biased-processing-of-mother-s-emotions-predicts-children-s-social-and-emotional-functioning
#4
Meghan Rose Donohue, Sherryl H Goodman, Erin C Tully
Risk for internalizing problems and social skills deficits likely emerges in early childhood when emotion processing and social competencies are developing. Positively biased processing of social information is typical during early childhood and may be protective against poorer psychosocial outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that young children with relatively less positively biased attention to, interpretations of, and attributions for their mother's emotions would exhibit poorer prosocial skills and more internalizing problems...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158187/do-thin-overweight-and-obese-children-have-poorer-development-than-their-healthy-weight-peers-at-the-start-of-school-findings-from-a-south-australian-data-linkage-study
#5
Anna Pearce, Daniel Scalzi, John Lynch, Lisa G Smithers
Little is known about the holistic development of children who are not healthy-weight when they start school, despite one fifth of preschool-aged children in high income countries being overweight or obese. Further to this, there is a paucity of research examining low body mass index (BMI) in contemporary high-income populations, although evidence from the developing world demonstrates a range of negative consequences in childhood and beyond. We investigated the development of 4-6 year old children who were thin, healthy-weight, overweight, or obese (as defined by BMI z-scores) across the five domains of the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC): Physical Health and Wellbeing, Social Competence, Emotional Maturity, Language and Cognitive Skills, and Communication Skills and General Knowledge...
March 2, 2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330247/the-role-of-household-chaos-in-understanding-relations-between-early-poverty-and-children-s-academic-achievement
#6
Patricia T Garrett-Peters, Irina Mokrova, Lynne Vernon-Feagans, Michael Willoughby, Yi Pan
The following prospective longitudinal study used an epidemiological sample (N = 1,236) to consider the potential mediating role of early cumulative household chaos (6-58 months) on associations between early family income poverty (6 months) and children's academic achievement in kindergarten. Two dimensions of household chaos, disorganization and instability, were examined as mediators. Results revealed that, in the presence of household disorganization (but not instability) and relevant covariates, income poverty was no longer directly related to academic achievement...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057084/which-preschool-mathematics-competencies-are-most-predictive-of-fifth-grade-achievement
#7
Tutrang Nguyen, Tyler W Watts, Greg J Duncan, Douglas H Clements, Julie S Sarama, Christopher Wolfe, Mary Elaine Spitler
In an effort to promote best practices regarding mathematics teaching and learning at the preschool level, national advisory panels and organizations have emphasized the importance of children's emergent counting and related competencies, such as the ability to verbally count, maintain one-to-one correspondence, count with cardinality, subitize, and count forward or backward from a given number. However, little research has investigated whether the kind of mathematical knowledge promoted by the various standards documents actually predict later mathematics achievement...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949286/classroom-quality-at-pre-kindergarten-and-kindergarten-and-children-s-social-skills-and-behavior-problems
#8
Martine L Broekhuizen, Irina L Mokrova, Margaret R Burchinal, Patricia T Garrett-Peters
Focusing on the continuity in the quality of classroom environments as children transition from preschool into elementary school, this study examined the associations between classroom quality in pre-kindergarten and kindergarten and children's social skills and behavior problems in kindergarten and first grade. Participants included 1175 ethnically-diverse children (43% African American) living in low-wealth rural communities of the US. Results indicated that children who experienced higher levels of emotional and organizational classroom quality in both pre-kindergarten and kindergarten demonstrated better social skills and fewer behavior problems in both kindergarten and first grade comparing to children who did not experience higher classroom quality...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941476/effects-of-a-responsiveness-focused-intervention-in-family-child-care-homes-on-children-s-executive-function
#9
Emily C Merz, Susan H Landry, Ursula Y Johnson, Jeffrey M Williams, Kwanghee Jung
Caregiver responsiveness has been theorized and found to support children's early executive function (EF) development. This study examined the effects of an intervention that targeted family child care provider responsiveness on children's EF. Family child care providers were randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups or a control group. An intervention group that received a responsiveness-focused online professional development course and another intervention group that received this online course plus weekly mentoring were collapsed into one group because they did not differ on any of the outcome variables...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900255/child-care-enrollment-decisions-among-dual-language-learner-families-the-role-of-spanish-language-instruction-in-the-child-care-setting
#10
Elizabeth B Miller
Data from the Head Start Impact Study (N = 1,141) and the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2009 Cohort (N = 825) were used to describe child care enrollment decisions among Spanish-speaking Dual Language Learner (DLL) families. In particular, logistic regression models tested which child, family, and institutional characteristics predicted enrollment in early care and education (ECE) settings that used Spanish for instruction versus enrollment in settings that did not use Spanish. Results showed that whether the child's first language was exclusively Spanish and whether other DLL families previously attended the ECE arrangement strongly predicted whether that child enrolled...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807002/cross-language-associations-in-the-development-of-preschoolers-receptive-and-expressive-vocabulary
#11
Michelle F Maier, Natalie L Bohlmann, Natalia A Palacios
The increasing population of dual language learners (DLLs) entering preschool classrooms highlights a continued need for research on the development of dual language acquisition, and specifically vocabulary skills, in this age group. This study describes young DLL children's (N = 177) vocabulary development in both English and Spanish simultaneously, and how vocabulary skills in each language relate to one another, during a contextual shift that places greater emphasis on the acquisition of academic English language skills...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568654/the-impact-of-program-structure-on-cortisol-patterning-in-children-attending-out-of-home-child-care
#12
Daniel S Lumian, Julia Dmitrieva, Marina M Mendoza, Lisa S Badanes, Sarah Enos Watamura
Full-day center-based child care has repeatedly been associated with rising levels of cortisol, a hormone that helps the body manage challenge, across the day at child care. This article presents findings from two studies examining the relationship between child care program structure (number of days per week, and hours per day) and cortisol production across the day. Study 1 presents findings comparing cortisol production in 3- to 5-year-old children enrolled in either full-day (N = 55) or half-day (N = 63) Head-Start-funded programs...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26379369/does-head-start-differentially-benefit-children-with-risks-targeted-by-the-program-s-service-model
#13
Elizabeth B Miller, George Farkas, Greg J Duncan
Data from the Head Start Impact Study (N = 3540) were used to test for differential benefits of Head Start after one program year and after kindergarten on pre-academic and behavior outcomes for children at risk in the domains targeted by the program's comprehensive services. Although random assignment to Head Start produced positive treatment main effects on children's pre-academic skills and behavior problems, residualized growth models showed that random assignment to Head Start did not differentially benefit the pre-academic skills of children with risk factors targeted by the Head Start service model...
2016: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773964/technology-assisted-interventions-for-parents-of-young-children-emerging-practices-current-research-and-future-directions
#14
Cristin M Hall, Karen L Bierman
Technology can potentially expand the reach and cut the costs of providing effective, evidence-based interventions. This paper reviews existing publications that describe the application and evaluation of technology-assisted interventions for parents of young children. A broad review of the early childhood literature revealed 48 studies describing technology-assisted parent education and interventions. Across these studies, multiple forms of technology were used, including web-based platforms, discussion forums, mobile devices, and video conferencing...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279678/effects-of-parent-and-child-pre-intervention-characteristics-on-child-skill-acquisition-during-a-school-readiness-intervention
#15
Erin T B Mathis, Karen L Bierman
200 preschool children in Head Start (55% girls; 20% Hispanic, 25% African-American, 55% European American; M age = 4.80 years old) participated in a randomized-controlled trial of a home visiting intervention designed to promote their emergent literacy skills (the Research-based Developmentally Informed parent [REDI-P] program). This study explored concurrent changes in levels of parent support and child literacy skills that occurred over the course of the intervention, and examined the impact of pre-intervention parent support and child literacy skills as potential moderators of parent and child outcomes...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231409/executive-functioning-and-school-adjustment-the-mediational-role-of-pre-kindergarten-learning-related-behaviors
#16
Tyler R Sasser, Karen L Bierman, Brenda Heinrichs
164 four-year-old children (14% Latino American, 30% African American, 56% European American; 57% girls) in 22 Head Start classrooms were followed through third grade. Growth curve models were used to estimate the predictive associations between pre-kindergarten executive function (EF) skills and trajectories of academic skill development (math, literacy, overall academic functioning) and social-emotional adjustment at school (social competence, aggression), controlling for child sex, race, verbal IQ, and pre-kindergarten baseline scores...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26124539/children-s-elicitation-of-changes-in-parenting-during-the-early-childhood-years
#17
Arya Ansari, Robert Crosnoe
Using a subsample of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B; n = 1,550), this study identified parents who engaged in more developmentally problematic parenting-in the form of low investment, above average television watching, and use of spanking-when their children were very young (M = 24.41 months, SD = 1.23) but changed their parenting in more positive directions over time. Latent profile analysis and other techniques revealed that parents who demonstrated less optimal parenting behaviors when their children were 2 years old were more likely to be African American, from lower socioeconomic backgrounds, and experiencing greater depressive symptoms...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25937703/neighborhood-economic-disadvantage-and-children-s-cognitive-and-social-emotional-development-exploring-head-start-classroom-quality-as-a-mediating-mechanism
#18
Dana Charles McCoy, Maia C Connors, Pamela A Morris, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Allison H Friedman-Krauss
Past research has shown robust relationships between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and children's school achievement and social-emotional outcomes, yet the mechanisms for explaining these relationships are poorly understood. The present study uses data from 1,904 Head Start participants enrolled in the Head Start Impact Study to examine the role that classroom structural and relational quality play in explaining the association between neighborhood poverty and children's developmental gains over the preschool year...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25866441/using-a-narrative-and-play-based-activity-to-promote-low-income-preschoolers-oral-language-emergent-literacy-and-social-competence
#19
Ageliki Nicolopoulou, Kai Schnabel Cortina, Hande Ilgaz, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Aline B de Sá
This study examined whether a storytelling and story-acting practice (STSA), integrated as a regular component of the preschool curriculum, can help promote three key dimensions of young children's school readiness: narrative and other oral-language skills, emergent literacy, and social competence. A total of 149 low-income preschoolers (almost all 3- and 4-year-olds) participated, attending six experimental and seven control classrooms. The STSA was introduced in the experimental classrooms for the entire school year, and all children in both conditions were pre- and post-tested on 11 measures of narrative, vocabulary, emergent literacy, pretend abilities, peer play cooperation, and self-regulation...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25844016/early-exposure-to-environmental-chaos-and-children-s-physical-and-mental-health
#20
Rebekah Levine Coley, Alicia Doyle Lynch, Melissa Kull
Environmental chaos has been proposed as a central influence impeding children's health and development, with the potential for particularly pernicious effects during the earliest years when children are most susceptible to environmental insults. This study evaluated a high-risk sample, following 495 low-income children living in poor urban neighborhoods from infancy to age 6. Longitudinal multilevel models tested the main tenets of the ecobiodevelopmental theory, finding that: (1) numerous distinct domains of environmental chaos were associated with children's physical and mental health outcomes, including housing disorder, neighborhood disorder, and relationship instability, with no significant results for residential instability; (2) different patterns emerged in relation to the timing of exposure to chaos, with more proximal exposure most strongly associated with children's functioning; and (3) the intensity of chaos also was a robust predictor of child functioning...
2015: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
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