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American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP

Frances C Sherratt, Michael W Marcus, Jude Robinson, John K Field
PURPOSE: The current project sought to examine whether delivery of lung cancer risk projections (calculated using the Liverpool Lung Project [LLP] risk model) predicted follow-up smoking status. DESIGN: Two single-blinded randomized controlled trials. SETTING: Stop Smoking Services in Liverpool (United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS: Baseline current smokers (N = 297) and baseline recent former smokers (N = 216) were recruited...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Taylor Jamerson, Rachel Sylvester, Qingmei Jiang, Nicole Corriveau, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Eva Kline-Rogers, Elizabeth A Jackson, Kim A Eagle
PURPOSE: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of black and non-black children participating in Project Healthy Schools (PHS), a school-based wellness program. DESIGN: Participants were surveyed and participated in physiological screenings pre- and post-PHS intervention. SETTING: Middle schools in 4 Michigan communities of varying socioeconomic status. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3813 sixth-grade students comprised the survey sample, and 2297 sixth-grade students comprised the screening sample...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Amanda K Hutcheson, Andrew J Piazza, Adam P Knowlden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to systematically review work site-based, environmental interventions to reduce sedentary behavior following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. DATA SOURCE: Data were extracted from Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science between January 2005 and December 2015. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria were work site interventions, published in peer-reviewed journals, employing environmental modalities, targeting sedentary behavior, and using any quantitative design...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Stephen J Hile, Matthew B Feldman, Amanda R Raker, Mary K Irvine
PURPOSE: To collect information that will inform the development of an intervention to support the maintenance of HIV-related health-promoting behaviors. DESIGN: Focused, in-depth individual and group interviews. SETTING: The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) and DOHMH-funded community-based organizations that primarily serve low-income people living with HIV within the five boroughs of NYC. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 individuals who had participated in The Positive Life Workshop-an HIV self-management intervention adapted and implemented by the NYC DOHMH...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Yong Yang, Ana V Diez-Roux
PURPOSE: Studies on how the interaction of psychological and environmental characteristics influences walking are limited, and the results are inconsistent. Our aim is to examine how the attitude toward walking and neighborhood environments interacts to influence walking. DESIGN: Cross-sectional phone and mail survey. SETTING: Participants randomly sampled from 6 study sites including Los Angeles, Chicago, Baltimore, Minneapolis, Manhattan, and Bronx Counties in New York City, and Forsyth and Davidson Counties in North Carolina...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Wasantha P Jayawardene, David K Lohrmann, Stephanie Dickinson, Mohammad R Torabi
PURPOSE: To estimate school-level obesity burden, as reflected in prevalence of obesity, based on the characteristics of students' socioeconomic and geographic environments. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING: Public schools (N = 504) from 43 of 67 counties in Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: Kindergarten through grade 12 students (N = 255 949). MEASURES: School-level obesity prevalence for the year 2014 was calculated from state-mandated student body mass index (BMI) measurements...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Paul Sharp, Mary T Kelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore gender-related factors that motivate and support men's smoking reduction and cessation to inform effective men-centered interventions. APPROACH OR DESIGN: Focus group design using a semi-structured interview guide. SETTING: Three communities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 56 men who currently smoked and were interested in reducing or quitting or had quit...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Alen Agaronov, May May Leung, Jeanette M Garcia, Amy Kwan, Ming-Chin Yeh, Christina Zarcadoolas, Charles S Platkin
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and reliability of a direct observation method for measuring moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in children visiting an interactive children's museum exhibition. DESIGN: Direct observation was used to assess MVPA in children visiting an interactive children's museum exhibition on 2 weekend days in winter 2013. SETTING: The Children's Museum of Manhattan's EatSleepPlay™: Building Health Every Day exhibition...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ann W St Claire, Michael S Amato, Raymond G Boyle, Peter Rode, Ann M Kinney
PURPOSE: To examine locations of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among nonsmokers, 7 years after a statewide smoke-free policy. DESIGN: Data collected via statewide, random digit dial telephone survey. Response rates were 64.7% for landline and 73.5% for cell phone. SETTING: Minnesota, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of 7887 nonsmoking adults. MEASURES: Self-reported locations of SHS exposure and opinions on smoke-free restrictions...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Michael W Long, Steven L Gortmaker, Anisha I Patel, Stephen J Onufrak, Cara L Wilking, Angie L Cradock
PURPOSE: We assessed public support for required water access in schools and parks and perceived safety and taste of water in these settings to inform efforts to increase access to and consumption of tap water. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of the US public collected from August to November 2011. SETTING: Random digit-dialed telephone survey. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 1218) aged 17 and older from 1055 US counties in 46 states...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ricardo J Wray, Nancy Weaver, Keri Jupka, Stacie Zellin, Susan Berman, Santosh Vijaykumar
PURPOSE: The study compared perceptions of state legislative aides about tobacco policymaking in states with strong and weak tobacco control policies. APPROACH: Qualitative in-depth interviews carried out in 2009. SETTING: The US states were ranked on a combination of tobacco prevention funding, taxes, and presence of smoke-free policies. States at the top and bottom of the rankings were chosen. PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with 10 legislative aides in 5 states with strong tobacco control policies and 10 aides in 7 states with weak policies...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jennifer E Lincoln, Jan Birdsey, W Karl Sieber, Guang-X Chen, Edward M Hitchcock, Akinori Nakata, Cynthia F Robinson
PURPOSE: There is a growing body of evidence that the built environment influences diet and exercise and, as a consequence, community health status. Since long-haul truck drivers spend long periods of time at truck stops, it is important to know if this built environment includes resources that contribute to the emotional and physical well-being of drivers. SETTING: The truck stop environment was defined as the truck stop itself, grocery stores, and medical clinics near the truck stop that could be accessed by a large truck or safely on foot...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Grace Bagwell Adams
PURPOSE: To examine the association between smoking and participation in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) among low-income families. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design using pooled cross-sectional data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Expenditure Diary Survey. SETTING: A national, representative sample of US households from 2005 through 2012. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 19 395 low-income households...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
James Woodall
Two decades since the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe published a report on health promotion in prison that stimulated further debate on the concept of the "health-promoting prison," this article discusses the extent to which the concept has translated to the United States. One predicted indicator of success for the health-promoting prison movement was the expansion of activity beyond European borders; yet 2 decades since the European model was put forward, there has been very limited activity in the United States...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Alain K Koyama, Vishal Bali, Irina Yermilov, Antonio P Legorreta
PURPOSE: We evaluated the rate of hyperlipidemia identified during workplace screening in previously undiagnosed individuals, the association between workplace hyperlipidemia screening and use of medical care during follow-up, and changes in lipid profile among individuals with hyperlipidemia at screening. DESIGN: Nonexperimental longitudinal study. SETTING: Employees who participated in a workplace health screening. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 993 individuals from 39 self-insured employers in the United States...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Valerie L Polletta, Margaret Reid, Eugene Barros, Catherine Duarte, Kevin Donaher, Howard Wensley, Lisa Wolff
PURPOSE: This article presents qualitative research findings of Section 8 landlord perceptions regarding healthy housing practices to inform landlord-focused initiatives. APPROACH OR DESIGN: Five focus groups were conducted with landlords. SETTING: Boston, Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS: Section 8 landlords participated in focus groups (n = 39). METHOD: Focus group transcripts were coded for key themes using a grounded theory approach...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jessica M Lipschitz, Andrea L Paiva, Colleen A Redding, Deborah Levesque, Joseph S Rossi, Risa B Weisberg, James O Prochaska
PURPOSE: Anxiety is the most common and costly mental illness in the United States. Reducing avoidance is a core element of evidence-based treatments. Past research shows readiness to address avoidance affects outcomes. Investigating avoidance from a transtheoretical model (TTM) perspective could facilitate tailored approaches for individuals with low readiness. This study developed and examined psychometric properties of TTM measures for addressing anxiety-based avoidance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Lori Kowaleski-Jones, Jessie X Fan, Ming Wen, Heidi Hanson
PURPOSE: The goal of this research is to examine the extent to which facets of neighborhood sociodemographic contexts influence individual-level physical activity (PA) among youth. DESIGN: Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), geographic information systems (GIS), and census data sources, we explicitly test whether built environment factors have differential associations depending on the age and gender of the youth living in urban census tracts...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Hatidza Zaganjor, Katherine Bishop Kendrick, Amy Lowry Warnock, Stephen Onufrak, Laurie P Whitsel, Julie Ralston Aoki, Joel Kimmons
PURPOSE: Food service guideline (FSG) policies can impact millions of daily meals sold or provided to government employees, patrons, and institutionalized persons. This study describes a classification tool to assess FSG policy attributes and uses it to rate FSG policies. DESIGN: Quantitative content analysis. SETTING: State government facilities in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 50 states and District of Columbia in the United States...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Zewditu Demissie, Danice K Eaton, Richard Lowry, Allison J Nihiser, Jennifer L Foltz
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of missing meals among adolescents. DESIGN: The 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study. SETTING: School based. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 11 429 high school students. MEASURES: Breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption; demographics; measured and perceived weight status; physical activity and sedentary behaviors; and fruit, vegetable, milk, sugar-sweetened beverage, and fast-food intake...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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