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American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667501/does-organizational-and-coworker-support-moderate-diabetes-risk-and-job-stress-among-employees
#1
Marilyn B Wolff, Jennifer L Gay, Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
PURPOSE: Examine the moderating role of perceived organizational and coworker support on the relationship between job stress and type 2 diabetes risk among employees. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered to employees at the workplace. SETTING: One national retail organization. PARTICIPANTS: Baseline data were obtained from 1595 employees in 21 retail stores. MEASURES: Self-reported organizational and coworker support to encourage and fulfill job responsibilities and job stress...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667500/the-art-of-health-promotion-ideas-for-improving-health-outcomes
#2
Jessica Grossmeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#3
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667498/in-briefs
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667497/how-do-contextual-factors-influence-implementation-and-receipt-of-positive-youth-development-programs-addressing-substance-use-and-violence-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-process-evaluations
#5
Kelly Dickson, G J Melendez-Torres, Adam Fletcher, Kate Hinds, James Thomas, Claire Stansfield, Simon Murphy, Rona Campbell, Chris Bonell
OBJECTIVE: Positive youth development (PYD) often aims to prevent tobacco, alcohol, and drugs use and violence. We systematically reviewed PYD interventions, synthesizing process, and outcomes evidence. Synthesis of outcomes, published elsewhere, found no overall evidence of reducing substance use or violence but notable variability of fidelity. Our synthesis of process evaluations examined how implementation varied and was influenced by context. DATA SOURCE: Process evaluations of PYD aiming to reduce substance use and violence...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486581/a-review-of-military-health-research-using-a-social-ecological-framework
#6
Pauline Lubens, Tim A Bruckner
OBJECTIVE: We aim to contextualize the growing body of research on the sequelae of military service in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. We employ a social-ecological (SE) framework for the taxonomy of military health research and classify risk as arising from the individual, family, community, and the institutional levels. We intend for this review to inform enhanced health promotion efforts in military communities. DATA SOURCE: Articles reviewed were extracted from Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431511/the-art-of-health-promotion-linking-research-to-practice
#7
Chris Calitz, Adela Santana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431510/accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-or-injury-among-children-and-adolescents-nhanes-2003-to-2006
#8
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between objectively measured moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total physical activity with school absenteeism due to illness or injury among children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1249 children (aged 6-11 years) and 1747 adolescents (aged 12-17 years)...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431509/reviewers-list-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431508/head-heart-and-feet-in-exercise-and-weight-management
#10
Paul E Terry
It has been argued that the willpower of our citizenry hasn't measurably changed during the decades in which our nation's waistlines have measurably expanded. I agree, and I'd also submit that a weakening of political willpower and a lack of moral courage among those of us called to leadership is the more disturbing culprit. A case needs to be made that what we know and believe as a profession is most readily measured by what we permit to happen. As you review the sum of the research in this special issue on activity, weight, and diabetes, I anticipate you will share my observation that the current action in health promotion is less about dieting, exercise prescriptions, and chronic condition management and more about the right mix of head, heart, and feet...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431507/high-amounts-of-sitting-low-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-low-physical-activity-levels-3-key-ingredients-in-the-recipe-for-influencing-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence
#11
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Limited research has evaluated the independent and additive associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior (SB), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with metabolic syndrome, which was the purpose of this study. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2004. SAMPLE: Three hundred seven adults aged 20 to 49 years. MEASURES: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and SB were assessed via accelerometer, whereas CRF was assessed via submaximal treadmill testing...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431506/in-briefs
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431505/an-initial-assessment-of-secular-trends-in-muscular-strength-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-across-the-lifespan-national-sample-of-americans
#13
Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Adequate muscular strength has important implications for morbidity and early mortality prevention. There are no data on the recent trends in muscular strength across lifespan, which was this study's purpose. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: The analyzed sample included 12 295 participants aged 6 to 85 years...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#14
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214856/physical-activity-interventions-in-faith-based-organizations-a-systematic-review
#15
Maíra Tristão Parra, Gustavo J M Porfírio, Elva M Arredondo, Álvaro N Atallah
OBJECTIVE: To review and assess the effectiveness of physical activity interventions delivered in faith-based organizations. DATA SOURCE: We searched the Cochrane Library, DoPHER, EMBASE, LILACS, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, WHO ICTRP, and Clinicaltrials.gov databases until January 2016, without restriction of language or publication date. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials investigating physical activity interventions for adults delivered in faith-based organizations...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214851/weight-and-veterans-environments-study-waves-i-and-ii-rationale-methods-and-cohort-characteristics
#16
Shannon N Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Lisa M Powell, Coady Wing, Stephen A Matthews, Sandy Slater, Howard S Gordon, Michael Berbaum, Marian L Fitzgibbon
PURPOSE: To present the rationale, methods, and cohort characteristics for 2 complementary "big data" studies of residential environment contributions to body weight, metabolic risk, and weight management program participation and effectiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Continental United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3 261 115 veterans who received Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care in 2009 to 2014, including 169 910 weight management program participants and a propensity score-derived comparison group...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214829/promoting-stair-climbing-in-a-worksite-and-public-setting-are-footprints-enough
#17
Ann-Sophie Van Hoecke, Jan Seghers, Filip Boen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of footprints on stair climbing in different settings. DESIGN: Interrupted time-series design. SETTING: A company (stair/elevator choice) and a mall (stair/escalator choice). PARTICIPANTS: Employees (n = 5676) and visitors of the mall (n = 12 623). INTERVENTION: An intervention comprising 3 consecutive phases was implemented-(1) footprints leading to the stairs were stuck on the floor, (2) a health message referring to the footprints was introduced, and (3) passersby were congratulated for their increased stair use...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214828/dose-response-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-in-a-national-sample-of-older-adults
#18
Paul D Loprinzi, Meghan K Edwards, Elizabeth Crush, Toshikazu Ikuta, Alberto Del Arco
PURPOSE: Previous research demonstrates a favorable effect of physical activity on cognitive function among older adults. The potential dose-response relationship between physical activity and cognitive function in this population is less understood, which was the purpose of this study. SETTING: Data from the 1999 to 2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were employed. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2157 older adults aged 60 to 85 years...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214826/effects-of-a-sedentary-intervention-on-cognitive-function
#19
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of a free-living, sedentary-inducing intervention on cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled, parallel group intervention. SETTING: University campus. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three young adults (n = 23 intervention; n = 10 control). MEASURES: The intervention group was asked to eliminate all exercise and minimize steps to ≤5000 steps/day for 1 week, whereas the control group was asked to continue normal physical activity (PA) levels for 1 week...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214819/the-influence-of-weight-status-duration-on-weight-perception-accuracy
#20
Lois Coleman, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: To examine the association between weight status duration and weight perception accuracy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. SAMPLE: A total of 4029 adults aged 20 years or older. MEASURES: To assess weight status duration, participants' past (10 years ago) and present body mass indexes were used to create 4 groups: normal weight in the past and present (group 1), normal weight in the past but overweight/obese in the present (group 2), overweight/obese in the present but not in the past (group 3), and overweight/obese in the past and present (group 4)...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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