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American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP

Ming-Chin Yeh, Nina S Parikh, Alison E Megliola, Elizabeth A Kelvin
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between immigration-related factors and body mass index (BMI) among immigrants. DESIGN: Secondary analyses of cross-sectional survey data. SETTING: The New Immigrant Survey (NIS-2003) contains data from in-person or telephone interviews between May and November 2003, with a probability sample of immigrants granted legal permanent residency in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8573 US immigrants...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
GracieLee M Weaver, Brandon N Mendenhall, David Hunnicutt, Ryan Picarella, Brittanie Leffelman, Michael Perko, Daniel L Bibeau
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the performance of organizations' worksite health promotion (WHP) activities against the benchmarking criteria included in the Well Workplace Checklist (WWC). DESIGN: The Wellness Council of America (WELCOA) developed a tool to assess WHP with its 100-item WWC, which represents WELCOA's 7 performance benchmarks. SETTING: Workplaces. PARTICIPANTS: This study includes a convenience sample of organizations who completed the checklist from 2008 to 2015...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
William H Yeaton, Megha K Shah, Brian G Moss
PURPOSE: We examine the concurrent relationship between obesity incidence and normal weight status incidence and prevalence in children between 9 months and kindergarten. DESIGN: Multistage, probability sample from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth cohort. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of US preschool children (n = 9950) followed from birth through kindergarten. MEASURES: From direct, anthropometric measures, we reported prevalence and incidence rates across 4 follow-up periods...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Emma I Brett, Eleanor L Leavens, Josh I Wiener
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of providing multiunit housing (MUH) managers with a resource manual for MUH smoke-free policy implementation on manager perceptions of smoke-free policies. DESIGN: One-group within-subject pretest-posttest design examining manager perceptions of smoke-free policies. SETTING: Random sampling of MUH managers in Oklahoma. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six MUH managers. INTERVENTION: The SMOKEFREE Landlord Manual (SLM) provides information on smoke-free policies and implementation resources...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Elizabeth A Dodson, J Aaron Hipp, Jung Ae Lee, Lin Yang, Christine M Marx, Rachel G Tabak, Ross C Brownson
PURPOSE: To explore combinations of worksite supports (WSS) for physical activity (PA) that may assist employees in meeting PA recommendations and to investigate how availability of WSS differs across industries and occupations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Several Missouri metropolitan areas. PARTICIPANTS: Adults employed >20 h/wk outside the home. MEASURES: Survey utilized existing self-reported measures (eg, presence of WSS for PA) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Anna McCullough, Leah M Ranney, Daniel J Simons, Adam O Goldstein
As public health funding is increasingly threatened, a better understanding is needed about how periods of funding uncertainty impact program staff, activities, and outcomes. In North Carolina, 2 years of uncertainty and threats of funding cuts for a statewide youth tobacco prevention initiative contributed to reduced grantee morale and confidence about achieving program goals, displaced focus from core program activities, and caused premature loss of personnel, resulting in substantially reduced program activities and outcomes...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Melanie Wakefield, Terry Slevin, Iain S Pratt, Tanya Chikritzhs, Wenbin Liang
PURPOSE: To assess whether exposing drinkers to information about the alcohol-cancer link via multiple and diverse sources in an online simulation produces larger improvements in attitudes and intentions relative to exposure to a single source of information. DESIGN: Experimental; unequal randomization with respondents allocated to either the single-source (20%) or multiple-source condition (80%). Alcohol-related behavioral intentions were assessed preexposure and postexposure...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Sam Cole, Casey Suter, Chelsea Nash, Joseph Pollard
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of a nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) enhancement on quit outcomes. DESIGN: Observational study using an intent to treat as treated analysis. SETTING: Not available. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4022 Idaho tobacco users aged ≥18 years who received services from the Idaho Tobacco Quitline or Idaho's web-based program. INTERVENTION: One-call phone or web-based participants were sent a single 4- or 8-week NRT shipment...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Frances C Sherratt, Michael W Marcus, Jude Robinson, John K Field
PURPOSE: The current project sought to examine whether delivery of lung cancer risk projections (calculated using the Liverpool Lung Project [LLP] risk model) predicted follow-up smoking status. DESIGN: Two single-blinded randomized controlled trials. SETTING: Stop Smoking Services in Liverpool (United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS: Baseline current smokers (N = 297) and baseline recent former smokers (N = 216) were recruited...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Taylor Jamerson, Rachel Sylvester, Qingmei Jiang, Nicole Corriveau, Jean DuRussel-Weston, Eva Kline-Rogers, Elizabeth A Jackson, Kim A Eagle
PURPOSE: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of black and non-black children participating in Project Healthy Schools (PHS), a school-based wellness program. DESIGN: Participants were surveyed and participated in physiological screenings pre- and post-PHS intervention. SETTING: Middle schools in 4 Michigan communities of varying socioeconomic status. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3813 sixth-grade students comprised the survey sample, and 2297 sixth-grade students comprised the screening sample...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Amanda K Hutcheson, Andrew J Piazza, Adam P Knowlden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to systematically review work site-based, environmental interventions to reduce sedentary behavior following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. DATA SOURCE: Data were extracted from Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science between January 2005 and December 2015. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria were work site interventions, published in peer-reviewed journals, employing environmental modalities, targeting sedentary behavior, and using any quantitative design...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Stephen J Hile, Matthew B Feldman, Amanda R Raker, Mary K Irvine
PURPOSE: To collect information that will inform the development of an intervention to support the maintenance of HIV-related health-promoting behaviors. DESIGN: Focused, in-depth individual and group interviews. SETTING: The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) and DOHMH-funded community-based organizations that primarily serve low-income people living with HIV within the five boroughs of NYC. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 individuals who had participated in The Positive Life Workshop-an HIV self-management intervention adapted and implemented by the NYC DOHMH...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Yong Yang, Ana V Diez-Roux
PURPOSE: Studies on how the interaction of psychological and environmental characteristics influences walking are limited, and the results are inconsistent. Our aim is to examine how the attitude toward walking and neighborhood environments interacts to influence walking. DESIGN: Cross-sectional phone and mail survey. SETTING: Participants randomly sampled from 6 study sites including Los Angeles, Chicago, Baltimore, Minneapolis, Manhattan, and Bronx Counties in New York City, and Forsyth and Davidson Counties in North Carolina...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Wasantha P Jayawardene, David K Lohrmann, Stephanie Dickinson, Mohammad R Torabi
PURPOSE: To estimate school-level obesity burden, as reflected in prevalence of obesity, based on the characteristics of students' socioeconomic and geographic environments. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING: Public schools (N = 504) from 43 of 67 counties in Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: Kindergarten through grade 12 students (N = 255 949). MEASURES: School-level obesity prevalence for the year 2014 was calculated from state-mandated student body mass index (BMI) measurements...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Paul Sharp, Mary T Kelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore gender-related factors that motivate and support men's smoking reduction and cessation to inform effective men-centered interventions. APPROACH OR DESIGN: Focus group design using a semi-structured interview guide. SETTING: Three communities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 56 men who currently smoked and were interested in reducing or quitting or had quit...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Alen Agaronov, May May Leung, Jeanette M Garcia, Amy Kwan, Ming-Chin Yeh, Christina Zarcadoolas, Charles S Platkin
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and reliability of a direct observation method for measuring moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in children visiting an interactive children's museum exhibition. DESIGN: Direct observation was used to assess MVPA in children visiting an interactive children's museum exhibition on 2 weekend days in winter 2013. SETTING: The Children's Museum of Manhattan's EatSleepPlay™: Building Health Every Day exhibition...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ann W St Claire, Michael S Amato, Raymond G Boyle, Peter Rode, Ann M Kinney
PURPOSE: To examine locations of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among nonsmokers, 7 years after a statewide smoke-free policy. DESIGN: Data collected via statewide, random digit dial telephone survey. Response rates were 64.7% for landline and 73.5% for cell phone. SETTING: Minnesota, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of 7887 nonsmoking adults. MEASURES: Self-reported locations of SHS exposure and opinions on smoke-free restrictions...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Michael W Long, Steven L Gortmaker, Anisha I Patel, Stephen J Onufrak, Cara L Wilking, Angie L Cradock
PURPOSE: We assessed public support for required water access in schools and parks and perceived safety and taste of water in these settings to inform efforts to increase access to and consumption of tap water. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of the US public collected from August to November 2011. SETTING: Random digit-dialed telephone survey. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 1218) aged 17 and older from 1055 US counties in 46 states...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ricardo J Wray, Nancy Weaver, Keri Jupka, Stacie Zellin, Susan Berman, Santosh Vijaykumar
PURPOSE: The study compared perceptions of state legislative aides about tobacco policymaking in states with strong and weak tobacco control policies. APPROACH: Qualitative in-depth interviews carried out in 2009. SETTING: The US states were ranked on a combination of tobacco prevention funding, taxes, and presence of smoke-free policies. States at the top and bottom of the rankings were chosen. PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with 10 legislative aides in 5 states with strong tobacco control policies and 10 aides in 7 states with weak policies...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jennifer E Lincoln, Jan Birdsey, W Karl Sieber, Guang-X Chen, Edward M Hitchcock, Akinori Nakata, Cynthia F Robinson
PURPOSE: There is a growing body of evidence that the built environment influences diet and exercise and, as a consequence, community health status. Since long-haul truck drivers spend long periods of time at truck stops, it is important to know if this built environment includes resources that contribute to the emotional and physical well-being of drivers. SETTING: The truck stop environment was defined as the truck stop itself, grocery stores, and medical clinics near the truck stop that could be accessed by a large truck or safely on foot...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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