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Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382753/characteristics-of-adults-with-neurologic-disability-recruited-for-exercise-trials-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Byron Lai, Katie Cederberg, Kerri A Vanderbom, C Scott Bickel, James H Rimmer, Robert W Motl
This review examined demographic and clinical characteristics of participants from exercise trials in 3 neurologic disability conditions (multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury) and compared these data with population-based statistics. The authors included 75 published studies from 2006 to 2016: 53 studies for multiple sclerosis (n = 2,034), 14 for spinal cord injury (n = 302), and 8 for traumatic brain injury (n = 272). Pooled data resembled some heterogeneous aspects of population data sets...
November 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376716/meta-analysis-of-physical-activity-levels-in-youth-with-and-without-disabilities
#2
Jaehun Jung, Willie Leung, Bridgette Marie Schram, Joonkoo Yun
The purpose of this study was to explore the current levels of physical activity among youth with disabilities using meta-analysis. The search identified 11 publications including 729 participants (age 4-20 yr). The overall effect size for 11 studies was Hedges g = 0.60 (SE = 0.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.24, 0.96], p < .05, k = 11) using a random-effects model. The findings suggest that differences in physical activity levels between youth with and without disabilities are complex...
October 30, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369246/parents-beliefs-about-physical-activity-for-their-children-with-visual-impairments
#3
Luis Columna, Denzil A Streete, Samuel R Hodge, Suzanna Rocco Dillon, Beth Myers, Michael L Norris, Tiago V Barreira, Kevin S Heffernan
Despite having the desire to become physically active as a family, parents of children with visual impairments often lack the skills and resources needed to provide appropriate physical activities (PAs) for their children. The purpose of this study was to explore the intentions of parents of children with visual impairments toward including their children in PAs after participating in a PA program. In this descriptive qualitative study, the participants were 10 parents of children with visual impairments. A series of workshops were designed to provide parents with the skills and resources needed to promote PA for their family...
October 28, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366504/adapted-physical-activity-professionals-in-rehabilitation-an-explorative-study-in-the-norwegian-context
#4
Øyvind F Standal, Tor Erik H Nyquist, Hanne H Mong
Adapted physical activity (APA) is characterized by a strong orientation to professional practice. Currently, there exists limited empirical research about the professional status of APA in the context of rehabilitation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe and understand the professional status, role, and work tasks of APA specialists in Norway. For the purpose of the study, the authors conducted group interviews with APA specialists and individual interviews with unit leaders at six rehabilitation institutions in the national specialist health care services...
October 26, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366500/digest-october-2018
#5
ZáNean McClain, Daniel W Tindall, E Andrew Pitchford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360635/fast-club-the-impact-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-executive-function-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#6
Alison B Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P Bertram, Sterling Clarren
Physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to have positive effects on cognitive function, particularly executive function (EF) skills. Animal models suggest PA may be effective in ameliorating some of the neuropsychological effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), but this approach has not been extended to humans. The purpose of this study was to develop a PA program, FAST Club, for children with FASD and to evaluate its effect on a measure of EF. Using a wait-list control design, 30 children age 7-14 yr participated in FAST Club for 2 × 1...
October 25, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336688/physical-activity-for-disabled-youth-hidden-parental-labor
#7
Donna L Goodwin, Amanda Ebert
Locating suitable, inclusive community physical activity programs for disabled children can be challenging for parents. The aim of this study was to uncover everyday hidden labor experienced by parents, as they sought inclusive physical activity opportunities for their children. Focus group interviews with eight families of youth aged 13-19 years were completed using an interpretative phenomenological case study research approach. Four themes, interpreted through the framework of relational ethics, captured their experiences: (a) inclusion is immensely effortful; (b) judged by their impairments, not their possibilities; (c) ongoing education needed to open doors and sustain participation; and (d) the guilt of staying home...
October 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336682/physical-activity-promotion-for-persons-experiencing-disability-the-importance-of-interdisciplinary-research-and-practice
#8
Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Joonkoo Yun, Jooyeon Jin, Jeffrey A McCubbin, Robert W Motl
This paper examines the need for interdisciplinary knowledge in the formation of public health models for health-promoting physical activity (PA) for people experiencing disability. PA promotion for people experiencing disability is a multifaceted endeavor and requires navigating a multitude of complicated and interactive factors. Both disability and health are multifaceted constructs and the relationship between PA and health is embedded within a complicated web of interactive influences. PA promotion must consider interacting biological and psychosocial factors within the person and in the sociopolitical environment...
October 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336681/the-effect-of-prior-tennis-experience-on-wheelchair-tennis-players-visual-search
#9
Melissa Hunfalvay, Nicholas Murray
The purpose of this study was to examine whether prior biped tennis playing experience results in different visual search strategies compared with no prior biped playing experience. A total of 32 wheelchair (WC) tennis players, 17 males and 15 females, ranked between 1 and 16 on the International Tennis Federation rankings participated in this study. Half the players had prior experience playing tennis as a biped player, and half had no prior experience in biped tennis. The athletes viewed 18 different serves from an expert WC player while their gaze was monitored using eye tracking...
October 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376721/acute-cardiometabolic-responses-to-three-modes-of-treadmill-exercise-in-older-adults-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Brandon R Rigby, Ronald W Davis, Marco A Avalos, Nicholas A Levine, Kevin A Becker, David L Nichols
The purpose of this study was to compare acute cardiometabolic responses to 3 modes of treadmill exercise in adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD). Eight elderly adults with PD (67.9 ± 3.0 yr) completed 1 session each on a land, aquatic, and antigravity treadmill at 50% body weight. Participants walked from 1 to 3 mph in 0.5-mph increments at 0% grade for 5 min at each speed. Heart rate, energy expenditure, blood pressure, and rating of perceived exertion were measured at rest and during exercise...
October 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890849/revisiting-our-research-assumptions-20-years-on-the-role-of-interdisciplinarity
#11
Donna L Goodwin, Janice Causgrove Dunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648457/critical-pedagogy-and-apa-a-resonant-and-timely-interdisciplinary-blend
#12
Maureen Connolly, William J Harvey
Critical pedagogy owes much of its emergence, development, and ongoing relevance to the work of Paulo Freire whose legacy remains relevant for a next generation of scholars who seek to explore issues of inclusion, oppression, social justice, and authentic expression. An interdisciplinary dialogue between critical pedagogy and adapted physical activity is timely, appropriate, and should focus on complex profiles of neurodiversity, mental illness, and mental health, with emphasis on pedagogic practices of practitioners in service delivery and teacher educators who prepare them for professional practice...
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577742/understanding-disability-biopsychology-biopolitics-and-an-in-between-all-politics
#13
Dan Goodley
What do disability labels give us and what do they steal from us? How possible is it to live our lives without categories when life is necessarily categorical? In this brief provocation, I want to explore the disability labels through recourse to three perspectives that have much to say about categorization, disability, and the human condition: the biopsychological, the biopolitical, and, what I term, an in-between-all politics. It is my view that disability categories intervene in the world in some complex and often contradictory ways...
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577733/engaging-axiology-enabling-meaningful-transdisciplinary-collaboration-in-adapted-physical-activity
#14
Danielle Peers
In this article, I explore the concept of axiology in the context of adapted physical activity research and analyze its connection to the more commonly discussed paradigmatic assumptions of epistemology and ontology. Following methodological scholars, I argue for an acknowledgment of the pivotal role that axiology already plays in adapted physical activity research and for the potential interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary opportunities that could be enabled by engaging with axiology in more explicit ways...
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569462/conceptualizing-obesity-as-a-chronic-disease-an-interview-with-dr-arya-sharma
#15
Arya M Sharma, Donna L Goodwin, Janice Causgrove Dunn
Dr. Arya M. Sharma challenges the conventional wisdom of relying simply on "lifestyle" approaches involving exercise, diet, and behavioral interventions for managing obesity, suggesting that people living with obesity should receive comprehensive medical interventions similar to the approach taken for other chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes or hypertension. He purports that the stigma-inducing focus on self-failing (e.g., coping through food, laziness, lack of self-regulation) does not address biological processes that make obesity a lifelong problem for which there is no easy solution...
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182363/interdisciplinarity-and-adapted-physical-activity
#16
Rick Szostak
The purpose of the paper was to draw lessons for the field of adapted physical activity from the interrelated literatures on interdisciplinarity, creativity, and team research. In each of these literatures, strategies have been identified that have been found to be useful by previous researchers. Lack of familiarity with these strategies can result in unsuccessful research projects or in the devotion of scarce resources to the reinvention of such strategies. The first section in the paper in particular addresses questions that arose at the 2016 North American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity symposium in Edmonton, Alberta...
July 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921142/digest
#17
ZáNean McClain, E Andrew Pitchford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569942/balance-and-coordination-proficiency-of-age-matched-male-and-female-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Ken Pitetti, Ruth Ann Miller, E Michael Loovis
Male youth (8-18 years) with intellectual disability (ID) demonstrate motor proficiency below age-related competence capacities for typically developing youth. Whether below-criteria motor proficiency also exists for females with ID is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine if sex-specific differences exist in motor proficiency for youth with ID. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency was used to measure motor proficiency: six items for upper limb coordination, seven items for balance, and six items for bilateral coordination...
April 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569461/influence-of-occupational-socialization-on-the-perspectives-and-practices-of-adapted-physical-education-teachers
#19
Chan Woong Park, Matthew D Curtner-Smith
The purpose of this study was to describe and examine the occupational socialization of nine adapted physical educators (APEs). The questions we attempted to answer were (a) What were the perspectives and practices of the APEs? and (b) What factors influenced these perspectives and practices? Data were collected through six qualitative techniques and analyzed by using analytic induction and constant comparison. At the time the study was conducted, the APEs possessed traditional or progressive teaching orientations...
April 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542327/fidelity-criteria-development-aligning-paralympic-school-day-with-contact-theory
#20
Cathy McKay, Jung Yeon Park, Martin Block
The purpose of this study was to address contact theory as the theoretical basis of the Paralympic School Day (PSD) disability awareness program using a newly created fidelity of implementation instrument (fidelity criteria) to measure a single construct (contact theory), seeking to control and explain the manner in which PSD satisfied the four components of contact theory. Participants were 145 sixth-grade students who took part in PSD. Results determined that the PSD intervention supported the four theoretical components of contact theory, with statistically significant differences in student responses across all four indicators (p < ...
April 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
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