journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Digestive Diseases

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683448/gut-microbiota-in-health-diverticular-disease-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-time-for-microbial-marker-of-gastrointestinal-disorders
#1
Loris Riccardo Lopetuso, Valentina Petito, Cristina Graziani, Elisa Schiavoni, Francesco Paroni Sterbini, Andrea Poscia, Eleonora Gaetani, Francesco Franceschi, Giovanni Cammarota, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Luca Masucci, Franco Scaldaferri, Antonio Gasbarrini
Few data exist on differences in gut microbiota composition among principal gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. We evaluated the differences in gut microbiota composition among uncomplicated diverticular disease (DD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) patients. DD, IBS, and IBD patients along with healthy controls (CT) were enrolled in our Italian GI outpatient clinic. Stool samples were collected. Microbiota composition was evaluated through a metagenomic gene-targeted approach...
July 7, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683444/replication-protein-a-3-is-associated-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-tumorigenesis-and-poor-patient-survival
#2
Wenbo Xiao, Jun Zheng, Baoyong Zhou, Long Pan
BACKGROUND: Replication protein A (RPA) 3 is a subunit of the RPA protein complex, which functions in multiple processes of DNA metabolism. Dysregulation of RPA1 and RPA2 has been implicated in tumor progression in several cancer types. However, the function of RPA3 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumorigenesis has not been elucidated. METHOD: In this study, we investigated the function of RPA3 in HCC development by stably knocking down its expression using short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in HepG2 cell line, followed by cell proliferation, colony formation, soft agar, and invasion assays...
July 7, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675895/impact-of-individual-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-outcome-of-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib
#3
Christian Labenz, Vera Prenosil, Sandra Koch, Yvonne Huber, Jens U Marquardt, Jörn M Schattenberg, Peter R Galle, Arndt Weinmann, Marcus-Alexander Wörns
BACKGROUND/AIM: Individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) such as obesity or diabetes mellitus impair the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following curative treatment approaches or transarterial therapies. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the impact of these factors on the overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced HCC treated with sorafenib. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the impact of individual components of the MS on the OS of 152 consecutive patients with advanced HCC treated with sorafenib...
July 4, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654928/risk-stratification-of-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-decision-making-and-its-impact-on-long-term-outcome
#4
Mahmoud Mosli, Hanadi Sabbahi, Hind Alyousef, Mada Abdulhaq, Afnan Hadadi, Emad Aljahdali, Hani Jawa, Salem Bazarah, Yousif Qari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Complications such as need for bowel resections and hospitalization due to Crohn's disease (CD) occur when disease activity persists due to ineffective therapy. Certain "high-risk" features require an early introduction of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α therapy to prevent such complications. We aim to evaluate the prevalence of "high-risk" features among a cohort of patients with CD and examine the association between discordance of early therapy with baseline risk stratification and disease outcome...
June 28, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595197/high-serum-pepsinogen-i-and-beta-helicobacter-pylori-infection-are-risk-factors-for-aspirin-induced-gastroduodenal-injury
#5
Jing Shan, Hongjun Lei, Wei Shi, Xiaobin Sun, Yu Tang, Chunrong Ren
BACKGROUND: Whether gastric hyperchlorhydria and Helicobacter pylori infection contribute to aspirin-induced gastroduodenal injury still lacks evidence. Because serum pepsinogens (PGs) and gastrin-17 (G17) can reflect gastric acid secretion, this study intended to elucidate whether serum PGs, serum G17, and H. pylori infection are associated with aspirin-induced gastrointestinal injury. SUMMARY: A total of 60 patients taking low-dose aspirin for more than 1 month were enrolled in this study...
June 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595194/long-term-effiicacy-and-safety-of-certolizumab-pegol-in-an-unselected-crohn-s-disease-population-the-facts-iii-survey
#6
Stephan R Vavricka, Milos Spasojevic, Gerhard Rogler, Alain M Schoepfer, Frank Seibold, Jan Borovicka, Pascal Frei, Jonas Zeitz, Thomas Greuter, Christine Manser, Michael Scharl, Benjamin Misselwitz, Alex Straumann, Pierre Michetti, Luc Biedermann
BACKGROUND: Long-term data of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in Crohn's disease (CD) from pivotal registry trials are limited. We therefore aimed to evaluate the long-term efficacy of CZP in clinical practice in Switzerland. METHODS: In the First Approved Certolizumab Therapeutic Experience in Switzerland-III phase IV multicenter cohort, patients receiving CZP were prospectively included all over Switzerland in (non-) academic hospitals and private practice. RESULTS: We included 104 CD patients (52 male; only 22...
June 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595172/routine-pouchoscopy-prior-to-ileostomy-takedown-may-not-be-necessary-in-patients-with-chronic-ulcerative-colitis
#7
Jennifer X Cai, Jasmine Barrow, Alyssa Parian, Steven R Brant, Sharon Dudley-Brown, Jonathan Efron, Sandy Fang, Susan Gearhart, Michael Marohn, Bashar Safar, Brindusa Truta, Elizabeth Wick, Mark Lazarev
BACKGROUND: Creation of a J pouch is the gold standard surgical intervention in the treatment of chronic ulcerative colitis (UC). Pouchoscopy prior to ileostomy takedown is commonly performed. We describe the frequency, indication, and findings on pouchoscopy, and determine if pouchoscopy affects rates of complications after takedown. METHODS: All UC or indeterminate inflammatory bowel disease patients with a J pouch were retrospectively evaluated from January 1994 to December 2014...
June 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478443/immunosuppressive-agents-for-the-treatment-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Xia Peng, Xin Luo, Jing-Ying Hou, Shu-Yun Wu, Liang-Zong Li, Ming-Hua Zheng, Ling-Yun Wang
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are no effective therapeutic agents for patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficiency of immunosuppressive agents (IAs) for the treatment of PSC. METHODS: The literatures were searched using the following keywords singly or in combination: PSC, treatments, IAs. The primary outcome was defined as the need for liver transplantation or mortality. RESULTS: Two hundred sixty six patients from 7 eligible studies were analyzed...
May 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472811/an-analysis-of-transcobalamin-ii-gene-polymorphisms-and-serum-levels-of-homocysteine-folate-and-vitamin-b12-in-chinese-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#9
Shuzi Zheng, Chaoqun Wu, Wei Yang, Xuanping Xia, Xiuqing Lin, Lijia Jiang, Ran Ding, Yi Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the association of Crohn's disease (CD) with transcobalamin II (TCN2) polymorphisms and serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 levels. METHODS: TCN2 (rs1801198, rs9606756) were genotyped by iMLDR in 389 CD patients and 746 controls. Furthermore, 102 CD patients and 153 controls were randomly selected for examination of serum homocysteine, folate, and vitamin B12 levels by enzymatic cycling assay and chemiluminescence immunoassay, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445877/benign-exocrine-pancreatic-diseases-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#10
Raffaele Pezzilli, Nico Pagano
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the involvement of the pancreas during the course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are scarce and conflicting. AIM: To assess the frequency of benign pancreatic diseases, that is, acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis (CP), and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), in a population with IBD. METHODS: A search for patients with IBD who presented at our hospital between January 2006 and January 2015 with a diagnosis of IBD was carried out...
April 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380481/shared-decision-making-and-treatment-satisfaction-in-japanese-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Jorg Mahlich, Katsuyoshi Matsuoka, Rosarin Sruamsiri
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a range of complex disorders that imposes a high burden on patients' quality of life and on available health resources. Only 50% of those with this disease appear to be satisfied with the treatment methods. Therefore, this has a negative effect on their willingness to comply with treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether patients are more satisfied when they and their doctors agree on how much of their management decisions should be shared...
April 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334707/intravenous-iron-replacement-improves-quality-of-life-in-hypoferritinemic-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-with-and-without-anemia
#12
Elena Eliadou, Gregory Kini, Judy Huang, Amy Champion, Stephen James Inns
BACKGROUND: No study has compared changes in quality of life (QoL) following iron therapy between anemic and non-anemic, hypoferritinemic patients. This study compares the impact of parenteral iron replacement on QoL in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with anemia, or in those with hypoferritinemia alone. METHODS: Consecutive IBD patients diagnosed with anemia or hypoferritinemia were enrolled. IBD questionnaire (IBDQ) and 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF36) at diagnosis and 6 weeks post treatment were measured...
March 24, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268212/inhibition-of-ceramide-decreased-the-expression-of-atp-binding-cassette-transporter-g5-8-mrna-in-an-animal-model-of-cholesterol-gallstone
#13
Hyo Jung Kim, Jae Seon Kim, Seikwan Oh, Hwan-Soo Yoo
BACKGROUND: The increased risk of gallstone has been reported in patients with ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter polymorphism. The half-transporters ABCG5 and ABCG8 mediate the efflux of cholesterol in hepatocytes and the intestine. We investigated whether ceramide plays a role in cholesterol efflux through the ABC transporters. METHODS: Six-week-old C57BL/6J mice were assigned to 3 groups. The normal group (n = 5) was fed a normal chow diet, the cholesterol group (n = 10) was fed a lithogenic diet, and the myriocin group (n = 15) was fed the lithogenic diet and myriocin, a specific inhibitor of serine-palmitoyl transferase...
March 8, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245467/hospitalizations-due-to-cirrhosis-clinical-aspects-in-a-large-cohort-of-italian-patients-and-cost-analysis-report
#14
Marco Di Pascoli, Elena Ceranto, Paolo De Nardi, Daniele Donato, Angelo Gatta, Paolo Angeli, Patrizia Pontisso
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Liver cirrhosis is characterized by high morbidity and mortality rates. This study was addressed to evaluate the epidemiological and economic impact of cirrhosis on hospitalizations in a large population in Italy. METHODS: Epidemiological analysis was performed using hospital discharge sheets of 57,720 hospitalizations due to liver disease from 2006 to 2008, selected from the Veneto regional archive. In a sample of 100 randomly selected hospitalizations, a detailed cost analysis was performed and a comparison was made with sets of patients admitted for heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
March 1, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231565/correlation-of-high-resolution-manometric-findings-with-symptoms-of-dysphagia-and-endoscopic-features-in-adults-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#15
Ulrike von Arnim, Arne Kandulski, Jochen Weigt, Peter Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) presents with dysphagia, but data about motility patterns using high-resolution manometry (HRM) are rare. We aimed at evaluating esophageal motility patterns in EoE and their correlation to endoscopic and dysphagia scores. METHODS: Twenty-six EoE patients and 23 controls were included after 4 weeks of treatment with proton pump inhibitors. Dysphagia and endoscopic scores were evaluated before performing HRM. EoE patients were classified to have fibrostenotic (FS) or inflammatory (IF) type...
February 23, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468020/novel-approaches-to-reducing-the-risk-of-variceal-hemorrhage
#16
Frederik Nevens
BACKGROUND: Complications of advanced liver disease occur at the moment of clinical significant portal hypertension. Nitric oxide (NO) dysfunction and fibrosis play an important role in the pathophysiology of PH, but other mechanisms are also involved. Non-selective beta blockers (NSBB) stay the cornerstone in the primary and secondary prevention of variceal bleeding, but their safety in advanced cirrhosis has been recently debated and new drugs are under investigation. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and balloon tamponade are the standard therapy in case of refractory variceal bleeding, but both interventions have drawbacks...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468019/preface
#17
Gideon Hirschfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468018/the-gut-microbiota-and-the-hepatologist-will-our-bugs-prove-to-be-the-missing-link
#18
Mark J Pallen, Mohammed N Quraishi
The advent of next-generation sequencing has enabled in-depth analysis to study the composition and function of the gut microbiota in a culture-independent manner. Consequently, this has led to rapid interest in understanding the pathogenesis and progression of chronic liver disease in relation to perturbations of the gut microbiota. Animal models and human studies have demonstrated its crucial role in contributing to disease mechanisms in alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver disease and more recently in primary sclerosing cholangitis...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468017/lessons-from-epidemiology-the-burden-of-liver-disease
#19
Ian A Rowe
Liver cirrhosis is responsible for more than 1 million deaths annually and the majority of these deaths are preventable. There is marked geographical variation in rates of mortality due to cirrhosis, and this variation in liver disease burden exemplifies the links between population risks for liver disease and mortality. The differing geographical distribution of the major risks factors for the development of liver disease including alcohol consumption, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, hepatitis B virus infection, and obesity and the metabolic syndrome has the potential to highlight opportunities for intervention, while the evolution of these risk factors provides insights into understanding the future burden of liver disease...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468016/treating-hepatobiliary-cancers-the-oncology-way
#20
Peter Robert Galle
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. HCC represents more than 90% of primary liver cancers. There is growing incidence of HCC worldwide. In the western world, HCC arises in a cirrhotic background in up to 90% of cases, and cirrhosis itself is a progressive disease that affects patient survival. Thus, outcome in patients with HCC and the chances for anti-tumor treatment and it is results are dependent not only on tumor-associated factors but also on the liver function...
2017: Digestive Diseases
journal
journal
29433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"