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Renal Failure

Yan Yan, Dan Ye, Liu Yang, Wen Ye, Dandan Zhan, Li Zhang, Jun Xiao, Yan Zeng, Qinkai Chen
PURPOSE: The most preferable vascular access for patients with end-stage renal failure needing hemodialysis is native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) on account of its access longevity, patient morbidity, hospitalization costs, lower risks of infection and fewer incidence of thrombotic complications. Meanwhile, according to National Kidney Foundation (NKF)̸Dialysis Out-comes Quality Initiative (DOQI) guidelines, AVF is more used than before. However, a significant percentage of AVF fails to support dialysis therapy due to lack of adequate maturity...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Lu Gan, Xiaozhao Li, Mengyuan Zhu, Chen Chen, Huimin Luo, Qiaoling Zhou
The existing therapies of IgA nephropathy are unsatisfying. Acteoside, the main component of Rehmannia glutinosa with anti-inflammatory and anti-immune effects, can improve urinary protein excretion and immune disorder. Th22 cell is involved in IgA nephropathy progression. This study was determined to explore the effect of acteoside on mesangial injury underlying Th22 cell disorder in IgA nephropathy. Serum Th22 cells and urine total protein of patients with IgA nephropathy were measured before and after six months treatment of Rehmannia glutinosa acteoside or valsartan...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Safaa Behiry, Ahmed Rabie, Mahmoud Kora, Wesam Ismail, Dina Sabry, Ahmed Zahran
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in large proportion of patients. The aim of this work is to clarify the effect of combination of sildenafil and gemfibrozil on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity either before or after cisplatin treatment and determination of nephrotoxicity predictors among the measured tissue markers. METHODS: Thirty two adult male albino rats were divided into four equal groups (G) GI control, GII received cisplatin, GIII received sildenafil and gemfibrozil before cisplatin, GIV received sildenafil and gemfibrozil after cisplatin...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Narisa Futrakul, Prasit Futrakul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Renal Failure
Vanja P Nickovic, Dijana Miric, Bojana Kisic, Hristina Kocic, Marko Stojanovic, Salvatore Buttice, Gordana Kocic
Continuous intake of alcohol leads to liver cirrhosis because of imbalance of oxidative stress/antioxidative defense and chronic 'sterile inflammation'. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is the most severe complication of liver cirrhosis. The aim of our study was to assess: (1) the oxidative stress/antioxidative defense markers such as malondialdehyde (MDA), oxidative glutathione (GSH) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), (2) inflammation [C-reactive protein (CRP)], and (3) nitrate/nitrite levels (NOx) and its substrate L-arginine level...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Akif Diri, Banu Diri
Staghorn stones are large branching stones that fill part of all of the renal pelvis and renal calyces and they can be complete or partial depending on the level of occupancy of the collecting system. Although kidney stones are commoner in men, staghorn stones are less often reported in men compared to women and they are usually unilateral. Due to the significant morbidity and potential mortality attributed to staghorn stones, prompt assessment and treatment is mandatory. Conversely, conservative treatment has been shown to carry a mortality rate of 28% in 10-year period and 36% risk of developing significant renal impairment...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Hamid Nomani, Hamid Khanmohamadian, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Ebrahim Shakiba, Maryam Tanhapour, Zohreh Rahimi
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with critical kidney illness that seriously affects the lifespan. Genetic factors and oxidative stress could play critical role in the development of ESRD. We assessed the association between chemerin rs17173608 T/G and vaspin rs2236242 T/A genes variants with the risk of ESRD and their correlation with plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study, 131 gender and age-matched unrelated healthy controls and 110 ESRD patients were enrolled...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Yan-Lei Li, Yu-Fen Jin, Xiu-Xia Liu, Hong-Jun Li
We aimed to investigate the effect of As2 O3 treatment on Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway-related genes and pathways in renal cancer. Illumina-based RNA-seq of 786-O cells with or without As2 O3 treatment was performed, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using Cuffdiff software. TargetMine was utilized to perform Gene Ontology (GO) pathway and Disease Ontology enrichment analyses. Furthermore, TRANSFAC database and LPIA method were applied to select differentially expressed transcription factors (TFs) and pathways related to Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, respectively...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Junlin Zhang, Yiting Wang, Li Li, Rui Zhang, Ruikun Guo, Hanyu Li, Qianqian Han, Geer Teng, Fang Liu
BACKGROUND: The patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are prone to develop diabetic nephropathy (DN). In this study, we aimed to clarify the relationship between DR and the progression of DN in patients with T2DM. METHODS: In the cross-section study, 250 patients with T2DM and biopsy-proven DN were divided into two groups: 130 in the DN without DR group (DN group) and 120 in the DN + DR group. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for DR...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Sun Hwa Lee, AJin Cho, Yang-Ki Min, Young-Ki Lee, San Jung
Cognitive impairment in end-stage renal disease patients is associated with an increased risk of mortality. We examined the cognitive function in hemodialysis (HD) patients and compared the Korean versions of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (K-MoCA) and of the Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) to identify the better cognitive screening instrument in these patients. Thirty patients undergoing hemodialysis and 30 matched reference group of apparently healthy control were included. All subjects underwent the K-MoCA, K-MMSE and a neuropsychological test battery to measure attention, visuospatial function, language, memory and executive function...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Song Ren, Changwei Wu, Yuan Zhang, Amanda Y Wang, Guisen Li, Li Wang, Daqing Hong
BACKGROUND: THSD7A is a new target antigen of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). Moreover, malignancies are also found in patients with THSD7A-positive membranous nephropathy. We aimed to systematically evaluate the prevalence of THSD7A in IMN patients and malignancies in THSD7A-positive patients. METHODS: We searched English and Chinese database to 31 December 2017 with the term 'THSD7A' or 'thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A'. Meta-analysis was used to explore the positive rate of THSD7A in the IMN patients...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Aleksandra Rymarz, Julia Gibińska, Maria Zajbt, Wiesław Piechota, Stanisław Niemczyk
PURPOSE: Nutritional status has a significant impact on the outcomes in the dialysis population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between body composition and a one-year survival of hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with chronic kidney disease stage V treated with hemodialysis for more than three months were included. Body composition was assessed by bioimpedance spectroscopy (Body Composition Monitor, Fresenius Medical Care)...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Jin Zhang, Jiang Qiu, Guo-Dong Chen, Chang-Xi Wang, Chang Wang, Shuang-Jin Yu, Li-Zhong Chen
AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features of graft dysfunction following living kidney transplantation and to assess its causes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a series of 366 living kidney transplantation indication biopsies with a clear etiology and diagnosis from July 2003 to June 2016 at our center. The classifications and diagnoses were performed based on clinical and pathological characteristics. All biopsies were evaluated according to the Banff 2007 schema...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Qi-Shun Wu, Qing He, Jian-Qiang He, Jun Chao, Wen-Yan Wang, Yan Zhou, Ji-Zhuang Lou, Wei Kong, Jun-Feng Chen
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common abnormality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the progression of LVH. As an inner mitochondrial membrane structural protein, mitofilin plays a key role in maintaining mitochondrial structure and function. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between mitofilin and LVH in HD patients. A total of 98 HD patients and 32 healthy controls were included in the study. Serum N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were examined...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Hongqi Ren, Xueqing Hu, Yun Liu, Deshu Dai, Xiang Liu, Zenghui Wang, Yang Yang, Xiangyang Li, Ying Liu, Renxian Tang
BACKGROUND: TLR4 signaling is known to be involved in podocyte injury. We have previously shown that Salvia przewalskii extract of total phenolic acids (SPE) and its active monomer salvianolic acid B (SalB) and rosmarinic acid (RA) protect podocytes from injury induced by PAN. In the present study, we test whether SPE inhibits TLR4 signaling. METHODS: The conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes were treated with SPE, SalB, RA, SalB + RA or tacrolimus for 30 min, followed by PAN (100 μg/mL) for 24 h...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Yuanyuan Li, Xueyong Liu, Wei Wang, Shaohua Wang, Jianchun Zhang, Song Jiang, Yang Wang, Liping Li, Jinghua Li, Youkang Zhang, Haichang Huang
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often have CD4+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) dysfunction and chronic inflammation. We aim to investigate the effect, function, and related mechanism of low-dose IL-2 on CD4+ regulatory T cells expansion in vitro from patients with CKD. METHODS: A total of 148 newly diagnosed patients with CKD at Stage III and 35 healthy volunteer subjects were recruited into our studies. The number of peripheral Tregs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from CKD patients, which were characterized by FACS as CD4+ CD25hi and CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3+ ...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Hitesh Soni, Damian Kaminski, Rajashekhar Gangaraju, Adebowale Adebiyi
Acute kidney injury (AKI), a significant complication of cisplatin chemotherapy is associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent renal cell death, but the cellular targets of ROS in cisplatin nephrotoxicity are not fully resolved. Here, we investigated cisplatin-induced oxidative renal damage and tested the hypothesis that ROS-dependent shedding of death activator Fas ligand (FasL) occurs in cisplatin nephropathy. We show that intraperitoneal injection of sulfobutyl ether-β-cyclodextrin (Captisol™)-solubilized cisplatin elevated the level of lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde in mouse kidneys and urinary concentration of oxidative DNA damage biomarker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Hoichi Amano, Seiji Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Terawaki, Makoto Ogura, Yoshindo Kawaguchi, Takashi Yokoo
It is important to grasp a patient's daily sodium intake in the management of chronic kidney disease, as sodium intake is widely recommended at 6 g/day or less. There are multiple equations widely known for estimating the daily sodium excretion from a spot urine sample, but these are aimed at healthy people. There are few reports that validate equations in patients with chronic kidney disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the amount of measured daily sodium excretion from a sample collected for 24-h urine (24HU) is equal to that of using an equation from a spot urine sample (SU) in patients with chronic kidney disease...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Mahboubeh Yousefi Ghale-Salimi, Maryam Eidi, Nasser Ghaemi, Ramezan Ali Khavari-Nejad
OBJECTIVE: We investigated and compared the effects of taraxasterol, aqueous extract of T. officinale (AET) aerial part, and potassium citrate (PC) on calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CaOx crystallization was induced by adding sodium oxalate to synthetic urine. Taraxasterol (2.5, 5, 7.5 and 12.5 μg/mL), extract (1, 2, 4 and 8 mg/mL), and PC (100, 150, 200 and 350 mg/mL) were subjected to anti-crystallization activities...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Wenjie Liao, Yixin Qin, Lumin Liao, Bohong Cen, Zhuomin Wu, Yuanyi Wei, Zhen Wang, Guoxian Li, Aimin Ji
Based on successful targeting to the αvβ3 integrin of cyclic arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (cRGD), cRGD-conjugated small interfering RNA (siRNA) exhibits tumor targeting and has become a new treatment strategy for solid tumors. However, the nephrotoxicity caused by its renal retention limits its clinical application. Here, we evaluated the protective effect of Gelofusine against cRGD-conjugated siRNA-induced nephrotoxicity in mice. Male Kunming mice (six per group) were either co-injected with Gelofusine and cRGD-siRNA or injected with cRGD-siRNA alone...
November 2018: Renal Failure
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