Read by QxMD icon Read

Renal Failure

Hailing Yang, Xiaofei Zhang, Guangda Xin
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exert therapeutic effects on the treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: A dataset GSE65561 was obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, which contained four healthy control samples (group 1), four healthy controls samples co-cultured with MSCs (group 2), five DN samples (group 3) and five DN samples co-cultured with MSCs (group 4)...
March 13, 2018: Renal Failure
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Renal Failure
Chihiro Kawagoe, Yuji Sato, Tatsunori Toida, Hideto Nakagawa, Yasuhiro Yamashita, Akihiro Fukuda, Shuji Iwatsubo, Shouichi Fujimoto
N-terminal-pro-B-type-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was a predictive marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related death in chronic dialysis patients. NT-proBNP was also correlated with markers of inflammation, malnutrition and protein-energy wasting. We hypothesized whether NT-proBNP was also associated with non-CVD death in chronic dialysis patients. A prospective observational study for incidence of death in chronic dialysis patients was conducted. Prevalent chronic dialysis patients (n = 1310) were enrolled and followed for 24 months...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Joana Gameiro, Miguel Gonçalves, Marta Pereira, Natacha Rodrigues, Iolanda Godinho, Marta Neves, João Gouveia, Zélia Costa E Silva, Sofia Jorge, José António Lopes
Although the prognostic effect of obesity has been studied in critically ill patients its impact on outcomes of septic patients and its role as a risk factor for acute kidney injury (AKI) is not consensual. We aimed to analyze the impact of obesity on the occurrence of AKI and on in-hospital mortality in a cohort of critically ill septic patients. This study is retrospective including 456 adult patients with sepsis admitted to the Division of Intensive Medicine of the Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte (Lisbon, Portugal) between January 2008 and December 2014...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Anwesha A Mukherjee, Amit D Kandhare, Subhash L Bodhankar
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is progressive renal failure disease and determination of their quality of life (QoL) on the basis of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are becoming increasingly important in the economic evaluations for its treatment with eculizumab (ECU). AIM: To perform the systematic evaluation of QoL in HUS patients treated with ECU on the basis of Evaluating Measures of Patient Reported Outcomes (EMPRO) tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL and Google Scholar till September 2016 by two independent researchers...
November 2018: Renal Failure
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Renal Failure
Seun Deuk Hwang, Jin Ho Lee, Seoung Woo Lee, Joong Kyung Kim, Moon-Jae Kim, Joon Ho Song
Overhydration and sarcopenia, related to an individual's nutritional status, have been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and poor prognosis in patients on hemodialysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prediction of overhydration and sarcopenia on mortality in patients on hemodialysis using a body composition monitor. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using a random-effects model. We searched the Cochrane Central Register, OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed databases for all studies published prior to December 9, 2016 and reviewed the reference lists of relevant reviews, registered trials and relevant conference proceedings...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Chatchai Kreepala, Maethaphan Kitporntheranunt, Worrawat Sangwipasnapaporn, Warit Rungsrithananon, Krittanont Wattanavaekin
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a common medical complication in pregnancy. It has been reported to be associated with decreased serum magnesium levels. However, there has not been evidence demonstrating utilization of change in magnesium for prediction of preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to develop magnesium fraction-based equations which took other significant clinical risk factors into consideration for prediction of preeclampsia. METHODS: We collected serum total and ionized magnesium ionized magnesium levels from 84 pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia after week 20 of pregnancy...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Shoko Honzumi, Miho Takeuchi, Mizuki Kurihara, Masachika Fujiyoshi, Masashi Uchida, Kenta Watanabe, Takaaki Suzuki, Itsuko Ishii
INTRODUCTION: Dyslipidemia is one of the onset and risk factors of chronic kidney disease and renal function drop is seen in lipoprotein abnormal animal models. However, the detailed molecular mechanism of renal lipotoxicity has not been clarified. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the influence of cholesterol overload using mouse kidney tissue and kidney-derived cultured cells. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed normal diet (ND) or 1.25% cholesterol-containing high-cholesterol diet (HCD) for 11 weeks, and we used megalin as a proximal tubule marker for immunohistology...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Keiichi Otsuka, Yoichi Ohno, Joji Oshima
This study aimed to investigate the association of gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events of cinacalcet with gallstones in the hemodialysis (HD) patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). A total of 23 HD patients under the treatment with cinacalcet and 101 control patients were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. We investigated the prevalence of gallstones and the association of GI adverse events of cinacalcet with gallstones. The prevalence of gallstones was significantly higher in the HD patients with cinacalcet compared with the controls (47...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Jorge Osvaldo Montes-Rivera, Feliciano Tamay-Cach, Julio César Quintana-Pérez, Juan Alberto Guevara-Salazar, José Guadalupe Trujillo-Ferrara, Leonardo Del Valle-Mondragón, Mónica Griselda Arellano-Mendoza
A worldwide public health problem is chronic kidney disease (CKD) presenting alarming epidemiological data. It currently affects about 10% of the adult population worldwide and has a high mortality rate. It is now known that oxidative stress represents one of the most important mechanisms in its pathophysiology, from the early stages to the terminal phase. Oxidation increases inflammation and reduces the capacity of NO• to relax vascular smooth muscle, in part by decreasing bioavailability of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4 ), leading to endothelial dysfunction and high blood pressure, and due to the limited effectiveness of existing treatments, new drugs are needed to prevent and/or treat these mechanisms...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Jinwan Shi, Jiuzhan Qian, Hui Li, Hongjun Luo, Wenhong Luo, Zhexuan Lin
Administration of mannitol with high dose could induce extensive isometric renal proximal tubular vacuolization and acute renal failure in clinic. We previously demonstrated that mannitol-induced human kidney tubular epithelial cell (HK-2) injury. The objective of our present work was to further study the cytotoxicity of mannitol in HK-2 cells and its potential mechanism. Cell viability was assessed by an MTT method. Cell morphological changes were observed. Furthermore, levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) were measured...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Jia-Ru Lin, Ji Wen, Hui Zhang, Li Wang, Fang-Fang Gou, Man Yang, Jun-Ming Fan
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 17 (IL-17) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases and might be associated with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). This study aimed to investigate the effect of IL-17 on autoimmune pathogenesis in IgA nephropathy. METHODS: DAKIKI cells were cultured and stimulated with IL-17 to perform dose-dependent and time-dependent experiments. Cell proliferation was examined by cell counting and the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The IgA concentration and the degree of galactosylation in the supernatant were tested using ELISA and a helix aspersa (HAA) lectin binding assay, respectively...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Zhanjun Shu, Halmurat Upur, Zimeng Tian, Jinglin Chen, Jianping Ma, Aihemaiti Abudureyimu, Qianqian Qian, Li Zhuo
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder in hospitals. Many medical illnesses, including congestive heart failure, liver failure, renal failure and pneumonia, may be associated with hyponatremia. In addition, hyponatremia in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-related complex (ARC) was first reported in 1993. The evidence suggests that severe hyponatremia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS patients; however, the incidence of hyponatremic syndrome in HIV/AIDS patients remains very high in clinical practice, as almost 40% of HIV/AIDS inpatients in Xinjiang, a developing region of China, are hyponatremic...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Yan-Bei Sun, Yuan Tao, Min Yang
OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) increases the risk of death following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this current study, we tried to understand the role of newly KDIGO defined AKI in AMI-induced early and late mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of AMI patients (totaling 1371 cases) from the hospital's computer database. And AKI was defined based on the KDIGO criteria but GFR or urinary output assessment was not used. Subsequently, we compared the association of AKI with 30-day and 30-day to 5-year all-cause mortality, using multivariate COX regression analysis with two models...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Elisângela Milhomem Dos Santos, Dyego José de Araújo Brito, Isabela Leal Calado, Ana Karina Teixeira França, Joyce Santos Lages, Francisco das Chagas Monteiro Junior, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Natalino Salgado Filho
In most countries, salt intake has been excessive and constitutes one of the main risk factors for disease development, especially hypertension. Factors such as age, gender, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, African descent, obesity, dietary habits and family history of hypertension may be associated with high blood pressure. Studies show a positive association between the excretion of sodium and increased blood pressure. We evaluated the urinary excretion of sodium and associated factors in isolated urine samples of African descendants from remaining Quilombos...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Qimei Luo, Xi Xia, Zhenchuan Lin, Jianxiong Lin, Xiao Yang, Fengxian Huang, Xueqing Yu
INTRODUCTION: Very early withdrawal from treatment in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an increasingly important, but poorly understood, issue. Here, we identified the reasons and risk factors for very early withdrawal from PD. METHODS: Incident PD patients from The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University above 18 years who started treatment between January 1 2006 and December 31 2011 were included. Cessation of PD therapy within the first 90 days after beginning dialysis was classified as very early withdrawal...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Lan Chen, Jin-Xuan He, Ying-Ying Chen, Yi-Sheng Ling, Chun-Hua Lin, Tian-Jun Guan
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the therapeutic effect of intensive phosphorus-lowering therapy on intact-parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Ninety-five hemodialysis patients with serum phosphorus ≥1.78 mmol/L and iPTH ≥300 pg/dL were apportioned to either the treatment or control group (n = 43 and 52, respectively) based on patient commitment to treatment. The treatment group was given phosphorus-lowering therapies with phosphate binders (lanthanum, sevelamer or/and calcium reagent) combined with dietary phosphate restriction and intensified hemodialysis...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Korhan Kollu, Lutfullah Altintepe, Cevdet Duran, Mustafa Topal, Samil Ecirli
OBJECTIVE: The risks of sudden death and cardiac arrhythmia are increased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here, we aimed to evaluate the indicators of arrhythmias, such as p-wave dispersion (P-WD), QTc dispersion, Tp-e and Tp-e/QT ratio in patients with CKD stages 3-5 on no renal replacement therapy (RRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and thirty three patients with CKD stages 3-5 and 32 healthy controls were enrolled into the study. No patients received RRT...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Marie Patrice E Halle, Ndjifoum Moselle Chipekam, Gérard Beyiha, Hermine Fouda, Aminata Coulibaly, Romuald Hentchoya, Folefack Francois Kaze, Namme Henry Luma, Gloria Ashuntantang
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on AKI in sub-Saharan Africa. We aim to determine the incidence, characteristics and prognosis of AKI in Cameroon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study including all consenting acute admissions in the internal medicine and the ICU of a tertiary referral hospital in Cameroon from January 2015 to June 2016. Serum creatinine assay was done on admission, days 2 and 7 to diagnose AKI. For patients with AKI, serum creatinine was done on discharge, days 30, 60 and 90...
November 2018: Renal Failure
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"