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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909179/disclosure-recipients-social-reactions-to-victims-disclosures-of-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis
Prior research indicates that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are most likely to disclose their victimization experiences to an informal support (e.g., friend, family), and that IPV disclosures are often met with both positive (e.g., empathic support) and negative (e.g., victim blame) reactions. However, research on social reactions to disclosure largely has neglected the perspectives of disclosure recipients. Guided by the attribution framework, the current study extends prior research by assessing factors (i...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909178/no-differences-in-health-outcomes-after-routine-inquiry-about-violence-victimization-in-young-women-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-swedish-youth-health-centers
#2
Anna Palm, Ulf Högberg, Niclas Olofsson, Alkistis Skalkidou, Ingela Danielsson
Youth is a period in life when the risk of violence victimization is high and association between victimization and ill health is well established. Youth rarely reveal violence victimization to health professionals if not directly asked but favor health professionals asking about victimization. The study's primary aim was to examine health outcomes in young women being routinely asked about violence victimization and offered subsequent support, compared with controls, at 12-month follow-up. Secondary aims were to examine to what extent routine inquiry altered the consultation and re-victimization rates during the study period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872399/health-and-rural-context-among-victims-of-partner-abuse-does-justice-matter
#3
Robert Walker, T K Logan
Research typically compartmentalizes health and justice as separate areas of study. However, the current health literature on inequality suggests the two concepts are overlapping. For victims of partner violence, procedural justice (defined in this article as access to protective orders and enforcement of protective orders) potentially provides a step toward improved health and well-being by improving safety. There has been limited research examining these factors in rural compared with urban areas. This study examines the impact of procedural justice on health and well-being through interviews with rural and urban women 6 months prior to, and 6 months after, obtaining a protective order...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864519/faith-and-marital-violence-in-sub-saharan-africa-exploring-the-links-between-religious-affiliation-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-ghana
#4
Baffour K Takyi, Enoch Lamptey
Research shows that intimate partner violence is quite widespread throughout the world. In the case of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), studies have concluded that cultural and economic factors help to sustain the spread and maintenance of intimate partner violence in the region. Although the cultural interpretations predominate in current research, few have examined the links between religion, an important cultural variable, and intimate partner violence in SSA. Given the growth and importance of religion in African cultures, we used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic Health Survey (n = 1,831) and ordinary least squares regression method to investigate the links between religious affiliation and intimate partner violence...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827321/are-gender-differences-in-dsm-5-ptsd-symptomatology-explained-by-sexual-trauma
#5
Jeffrey Guina, Ramzi W Nahhas, Kevin Kawalec, Seth Farnsworth
Although many studies have assessed gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence, few examine individual PTSD symptoms (PTSSs). Hypothesizing that trauma differences explain many gender differences in symptomatology, this is the first known study to adjust PTSSs for trauma type, and to compare gender differences in those with sexual traumas. Using a cross-sectional survey methodology in a sample of adult outpatients (n = 775), we examined gender, trauma type, PTSSs, suicide, alcohol, and tobacco...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827320/stories-of-victimization-self-positioning-and-construction-of-gender-in-narratives-of-abused-women
#6
Karin Jarnkvist, Lotta Brännström
The objective of this article is to analyze how women who have been victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) position themselves in relation to the image of the "ideal victim" and how gender is constructed in that positioning. There is a need for a gender analysis framework to understand how various forms of femininity are constructed and how narratives linked to this can either maintain a woman in an abusive relationship or encourage her to leave. Christie's theory of the "ideal victim" and Connell's gender theory are applied in this study, in which the narratives of 14 female IPV victims in Sweden are analyzed using a narrative method...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821642/mother-blame-and-the-just-world-theory-in-child-sexual-abuse-cases
#7
Kelsi Toews, Jorden A Cummings, Jessica L Zagrodney
Mothers are blamed for a variety of negative experiences and outcomes of their children, including child sexual abuse (CSA). According to just world hypothesis (JWH), people have a need to view the world as one where there is no such thing as an innocent victim; that is, the world is fair and just. These beliefs predict victim blaming in situations such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, and robbery. However, JWH has not been applied to the examination of mother blame, a situation in which the blame target did not directly experience the traumatic event...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815326/negative-responses-to-disclosure-of-sexual-victimization-and-victims-symptoms-of-ptsd-and-depression-the-protective-role-of-ethnic-identity
#8
Valentina Nikulina, Adrian Bautista, Elissa J Brown
College-aged women experience high rates of sexual victimization. Their postassault symptoms are associated with the types of responses they receive from the people to whom they disclose these experiences. Negative responses are pervasive and associated with poorer outcomes. The current study examined whether a strong sense of ethnic identity and comfort with the mainstream culture moderate the association between negative responses to the first disclosure of sexual victimization and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807210/the-social-and-individual-characteristics-of-women-associated-with-engagement-with-multiple-intimate-violent-partners
#9
Sara F Stein, Andrew A Grogan-Kaylor, Maria M Galano, Hannah M Clark, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem with known negative physical and mental health outcomes for women exposed. Studies have shown that with increased violence exposure, there are increased risks of negative outcomes for women. Likewise, chronicity of IPV across multiple partners is linked to more profound psychological suffering than acute exposure. However, little is known about the social- and individual-level characteristics of women that are correlated with engagement with multiple abusive partners...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807209/influence-of-intimate-partner-violence-severity-on-the-help-seeking-strategies-of-female-victims-and-the-influence-of-social-reactions-to-violence-disclosure-on-the-process-of-leaving-a-violent-relationship
#10
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
This article uses data from the 2015 Spanish Survey on Violence Against Women, a nationally representative survey of 10,171 women aged 16 or above, to analyze the relationship between the severity of intimate partner violence and formal and informal help-seeking strategies, the link between the severity of abuse and the reasons for not seeking formal help, and the influence of social reactions to violence disclosure on the process of leaving a violent relationship. The results show that in Spain, many abused women disclose violence and seek help...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807208/the-golden-thread-coercive-control-and-risk-assessment-for-domestic-violence
#11
Andy Myhill, Katrin Hohl
Research on risk assessment for domestic violence has to date focused primarily on the predictive power of individual risk factors and the statistical validity of risk assessment tools in predicting future physical assault in sub-sets of cases dealt with by the police. This study uses data from risk assessment forms from a random sample of cases of domestic violence reported to the police. An innovative latent trait model is used to test whether a cluster of risk factors associated with coercive control is most representative of the type of abuse that comes to the attention of the police...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807207/defining-and-predicting-pimps-coerciveness-toward-sex-workers-socialization-processes
#12
Loretta J Stalans, Mary A Finn
Prior research has found that pimps use both non-coercive and coercive management styles across and within market segments of the illicit sex trade. The current study is the first to examine the socialization processes underlying variation in the self-reported coerciveness of pimps. This study begins to fill a void in the almost non-existent research on pimps who are actively managing Internet-solicited sex workers, and adds to the sparse research on pimps' coerciveness. We extend Anderson's concepts of "street code" families, where respect is acquired through displaying physical violence and toughness, and "decent" families, where middle class values of avoiding unnecessary aggression and complying with the law prevail, to understand variation in the degree of coerciveness that pimps utilize toward sex workers...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807206/an-empirical-examination-of-the-victim-search-methods-utilized-by-serial-stranger-sexual-offenders-a-classification-approach
#13
Ashley N Hewitt, Eric Beauregard, Garth Davies
Past research on the spatial mobility of serial offenders has generally found that these individuals make calculated decisions about the ways in which they come into contact with suitable victims. Within the geographic profiling literature, four victim-search methods have been theorized that describe how serial predatory offenders hunt for their victims: hunter, poacher, troller, and trapper Using latent class analysis, the aim of this study is to test whether this theoretical typology can be empirically derived using data that were collected from both police files and semi-structured interviews with 72 serial sex offenders who committed 361 stranger sexual assaults...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807205/hope-as-a-mediator-of-the-link-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-suicidal-risk-in-turkish-women-further-evidence-for-the-role-of-hope-agency
#14
Mine Muyan, Edward C Chang
The present study examined hope as a potential mediator of the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and suicidal risk, namely, depression and suicide ideation, in a sample of 149 Turkish female college students. Results from conducting bootstrapped mediation analyses indicated that hope agency, but not hope pathways, mediated the link between IPV and suicidal risk in Turkish women. Importantly, the associations of IPV with both depression and suicide ideation became nonsignificant once hope was included in the prediction model...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807204/the-relationship-between-non-consensual-sex-and-risk-of-depression-in-female-undergraduates-at-universities-in-maritime-canada
#15
Erin E McDougall, Donald B Langille, Audrey A Steenbeek, Mark Asbridge, Pantelis Andreou
Sexual victimization and depression are common on university campuses, especially among females. Both are associated with negative health outcomes and efforts are made to minimize these as much as possible on university campuses. The current study examines the prevalence of, and independent association between, non-consensual sex and current risk of depression after controlling for related factors. The primary study question is as follows: Are female undergraduate students who have been sexually victimized while attending university at an increased risk of depression compared with those who have not been victimized? Cross-sectional data collected online from female students below the age of 30 at eight universities in Maritime Canada were analyzed...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807203/characteristics-of-brazilian-offenders-and-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-an-exploratory-study
#16
Sérgio d'Avila, Ana Cristina Campos, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of Brazilian offenders and victims of interpersonal violence, following a medicolegal and forensic perspective. A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed in a Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry. The sample was made up of 1,704 victims of nonlethal interpersonal violence with some type of trauma. The victims were subject to forensic examinations by a criminal investigative team that identified and recorded the extent of the injuries. For data collection, a specific form was designed consisting of four parts according to the information provided in the medicolegal and social records: sociodemographic data of the victims, offender's characteristics, aggression characteristics, and types of injuries...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784832/examining-sexual-assault-victimization-and-loneliness-as-risk-factors-associated-with-nonlethal-self-harm-behaviors-in-female-college-students-is-it-important-to-control-for-concomitant-suicidal-behaviors-and-vice-versa
#17
Edward C Chang, Jerin Lee, Kaitlin M Wright, Alexandria S-M Najarian, Tina Yu, Olivia D Chang, Jameson K Hirsch
The present study examined sexual assault victimization and loneliness as predictors of self-harm behaviors in a sample of 224 female college students. Results from conducting regression analysis indicated that both sexual assault victimization and loneliness were unique and significant predictors of self-harm behaviors. This pattern remained even after controlling for concomitant suicidal behaviors. Interestingly, in a post hoc analysis predicting suicidal behaviors, it was found that loneliness, but not sexual assault victimization, was the only unique and significant predictor after controlling for self-harm behaviors...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777370/differences-in-abuse-neglect-and-exposure-to-community-violence-in-adolescents-with-and-without-ptsd-and-depression
#18
Jani Nöthling, Sharain Suliman, Lindi Martin, Candice Simmons, Soraya Seedat
South African adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence and trauma, including community violence, abuse, and neglect. Violence and trauma are associated with negative mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Demographic characteristics, additional exposure to trauma, community violence, and types of childhood abuse and neglect may place adolescents at greater risk of developing PTSD. This study aimed to first assess the weighted contribution of demographic factors, trauma load, community violence, and types of abuse and neglect in predicting PTSD symptom severity...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777369/the-effects-of-exposure-to-psychological-violence-in-the-workplace-on-commitment-and-turnover-intentions-the-moderating-role-of-social-support-and-role-stressors
#19
François Courcy, Alexandre J S Morin, Isabelle Madore
Exposure to workplace violence has been identified as a serious and universal issue facing modern organizations. The present study focuses more specifically on exposure to psychological violence, and its association with turnover intentions as mediated by workplace affective commitment. In addition, we also explore the moderating role of various facets of job demands (role stressors) and resources (social support) on the aforementioned relations. Data collected from 1,228 university employees indicated that experiencing psychological violence at work was associated with lower levels of workplace affective commitment and higher levels of turnover intentions, and that the relation between psychological violence and turnover intentions was partially mediated by commitment...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760878/the-role-of-shame-in-the-relation-between-peer-victimization-and-mental-health-outcomes
#20
Alexandra Irwin, Joyce Li, Wendy Craig, Tom Hollenstein
Youth who experience peer victimization are at risk of developing mental health problems. However, little is known about the emotional causal mechanisms linking peer victimization with these negative outcomes. This study investigated whether shame mediated this relationship. At three time points (T1-T3), 396 10- to 13-year-olds completed measures of peer victimization, shame (characterological, bodily, and behavioral; shame proneness), and mental health (depression, social anxiety, and externalizing behavior)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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