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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792129/exploring-intimate-partner-violence-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-bangladesh
#1
Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Paul Mazerolle, Kathleen Baird, Nurunnahar Mazumder
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant or postpartum women is known to have multiple detrimental effects on women and their children. Although results from past research suggest much continuity in trajectories of IPV, it is unclear whether pregnancy interrupts or augments these patterns. Little is known about how physical, sexual, and psychological IPV change and overlap throughout a woman's transition to parenthood. Relying on population-based data, this study examines the prevalence, co-occurring nature, and the changing patterns of physical, sexual, and psychological IPV before, during, and after pregnancy in Bangladesh...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788814/advancing-a-model-of-secondary-trauma-consequences-for-victim-service-providers
#2
Colter Ellis, Kelly E Knight
A burgeoning body of scholarship is attempting to understand, normalize, and ameliorate the emotional strain of victim service provision. The literature, however, has yet to fully theorize the hazardous process of empathetic engagement with victims. As a result, concepts, mechanisms, and outcomes are often conflated, making it difficult to understand the etiological path of this occupational risk. The goal of this article is to attend to this gap by accomplishing three objectives. The first is to engage with the perspective of symbolic interaction to theoretically ground a conceptual model of secondary trauma...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783916/unraveling-the-personality-profile-of-the-sexual-murderer
#3
Eric Beauregard, Matt DeLisi
Although sexual homicide offenders (SHOs) evince personality disorders, few prior studies have examined all personality disorders or utilized control groups of offenders. Drawing on data from 616 adult male sex offenders including 85 who were SHOs, the current study examined the personality profile of the SHOs, by comparing them with a group of violent nonhomicidal sex offenders (VNHSOs) and a group of nonhomicidal sex offenders (NHSOs) on clinical diagnostics of personality disorders and various crime characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783915/rape-myth-acceptance-in-contemporary-times-a-comparative-study-of-university-students-in-india-and-the-united-kingdom
#4
Ravinder Barn, Ráchael A Powers
Much of the literature on rape, victim blaming, and rape myth acceptance is focused on the United States, and there is a general dearth of such scholarly activity in other countries. This article offers insights on university students' perspectives in two new country contexts-India and the United Kingdom. A total of 693 students contributed to the data collection for this study. Rape myth acceptance was fairly low for both countries, however, students in India were more likely to endorse rape myths. Several demographic characteristics were significant for rape myth acceptance in each country...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781341/bullying-and-attitudes-toward-masculinity-in-croatian-schools-behavioral-and-emotional-characteristics-of-students-who-bully-others
#5
Natko Gereš, Pamela Orpinas, Urelija Rodin, Danijela Štimac-Grbić, Aida Mujkić
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsement of traditional masculinity. Within the framework of the "Croatian Adolescent Masculinity Study," second and third grade students of secondary schools (equivalent to tenth and eleventh grade in the United States) in the city of Zagreb ( N = 4,072) completed a cross-sectional, paper-and-pencil survey...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781339/couple-reports-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-their-health-impact-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey-in-japan
#6
Saki Nakamura, Hideki Hashimoto
Recent studies have shown that couples' reports of intimate partner violence (IPV) are not necessarily consistent. This study investigated the associations between patterns of partner victimization and perpetration reports and health and perceived wellbeing. Using household survey data from a probabilistic urban sample of adults aged 25 to 50 years and their partners, we identified 1,467 heterosexual pairs who completed the modified Japanese version of the Conflict Tactics Scale 2 Short Form. We classified responses into four categories: congruent report of no IPV, incongruent respondent victimization report, incongruent partner perpetration report, and congruent report of IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779460/is-there-really-a-relationship-between-empathy-and-aggression-evidence-from-physiological-and-self-report-measures
#7
Carlos Gantiva, Rocio Cendales, Maite Díaz, Yesenia González
A strong relationship between empathy and aggression has traditionally been argued, but a recent meta-analysis showed that this relationship is surprisingly weak. However, none of the studies that were analyzed in the meta-analysis used physiological measures of empathy to assess differences between aggressive and nonaggressive subjects. The present study evaluated the activity of the corrugator and zygomatic muscles, galvanic skin response, and heart rate response to pictures with different social content in 30 aggressive and 30 nonaggressive subjects...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779459/the-role-of-control-in-intimate-partner-violence-a-study-in-dutch-forensic-outpatients
#8
Bruno Verschuere, Joan van Horn, Nannet Buitelaar
Johnson argued that coercive control is crucial in explaining heterogeneity in intimate partner violence, with such violence being more frequent, less reciprocal, and more often male-to-female aggression when it serves to exercise control over the partner. We assessed 280 Dutch forensic outpatients who had recently engaged in intimate partner violence on nonaggressive coercive control. Control showed significant, small to moderate, associations with more frequent past year acts of psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion and more frequently resulted in partner injury...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779458/predictors-of-housing-instability-in-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Emily N Adams, Hannah M Clark, Maria M Galano, Sara F Stein, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Sandra Graham-Bermann
Although one in four women in the United States experience severe intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetimes and are at greater risk for homelessness and housing insecurity than women who have not experienced IPV, the factors increasing the vulnerability of women with an IPV history to housing instability have not been examined. This cross-sectional study utilized baseline data from interviews with 218 IPV-exposed women from diverse ethnoracial backgrounds participating with their children in the Kids' Club and the Mom's Empowerment Program, joint interventions designed to improve outcomes in families who have experienced IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779457/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-health-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adults
#10
Richard S Henry, Paul B Perrin, Bethany M Coston, Jenna M Calton
There is significant evidence to suggest that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with mental health problems including anxiety and depression. However, this research has almost exclusively been conducted through heteronormative and cisgender lenses. The current study is an exploratory, quantitative analysis of the relationship between experiences of IPV and mental health among transgender/gender nonconforming (TGNC) adults. A national sample of 78 TGNC individuals completed a survey online measuring participants' experiences with IPV and depression, anxiety, and satisfaction with life...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779456/understanding-polyvictimization-in-prison-prevalence-and-predictors-among-men-inmates-in-spain
#11
Francisco Caravaca-Sánchez, Nancy Wolff
Victimization-physical, sexual, and emotional-is part of prison life for a sizable proportion of incarcerated people. Research has primarily focused on the prevalence and predictors of physical or sexual victimization inside prisons located in the United States. Very little prison-based victimization research has been conducted in other countries, and even less has examined the clustering patterns of victimization (referred to as polyvictimization), and whether different demographic, behavioral health, and criminal risk factors are associated with polyvictimization...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779427/alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drinks-and-sexually-related-causes-of-conflict-in-the-barroom
#12
Natalie J Ball, Kathleen E Miller, Brian M Quigley, Rebecca K Eliseo-Arras
The popularity of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) among young adults has spurred studies that focus on its links to aggression and risk-taking behaviors, including risky sex and sexual victimization. However, no studies to date have looked at the relationship between AmED and causes of interpersonal conflict in bars at the event level. The present study evaluated whether AmED use at the time of the bar conflict was associated with greater odds that a bar conflict would be precipitated by sexually related causes...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768994/anhedonia-and-the-relationship-between-other-depressive-symptoms-and-aggressive-behavior
#13
Taban Salem, E Samuel Winer, D Gage Jordan, Michael R Nadorff, Jennifer R Fanning, Jessica Bryant, Mitchell E Berman, Jennifer C Veilleux
Depression has been linked to multiple forms of aggressive behavior in college students; however, it is unclear which aspects of depression explain this connection. Anhedonia, defined as the loss of interest and/or pleasure in previously enjoyed activities, may provide unique information about relationships between depression and aggression. Using cross-sectional data from two independent samples of college students ( N = 747 and N = 736 for Study 1 and Study 2, respectively), we examined whether anhedonia helped explain the relationship between broader depressive symptoms and different forms of aggressive and antisocial behavior...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768993/levels-of-coercive-control-differentiate-between-groups-of-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-colombia
#14
Ana L Jaramillo-Sierra, Luz A Carvajal-Villalobos
The authors used Johnson's typology of intimate partner violence (IPV) to examine groupings of women experiencing physical violence within their intimate relationships according to coercive control levels. Analyses were conducted using data from the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. In particular, the authors used a subsample of 12,237 ever-married (or cohabitating) women between the ages of 14 and 49 years, who reported at least one experience of physical violence. Exploratory and confirmatory cluster analyses demonstrated a good fit for a two-cluster solution based on coercive-control levels...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768992/the-effect-of-sex-and-perpetrator-victim-relationship-on-perceptions-of-domestic-homicide
#15
Linda C Karlsson, Tuulia Malén, Johanna K Kaakinen, Jan Antfolk
Previous research on how stereotypes affect perceptions of intimate partner violence and domestic homicide has found that violence committed by men is perceived as more severe and judged more harshly than violence committed by women. The present mock jury study investigated how perpetrator sex (male or female), crime type (familicide or filicide), and relatedness between perpetrator and child victims (biological or step) affect laypeople's perceptions of the appropriate consequence of the crime, the reason for the offense, responsibility of the perpetrator, the likelihood of certain background factors being present, and the risk of future violence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768991/mediating-justice-women-s-perceptions-of-fairness-in-the-civil-protection-order-process
#16
M Kristen Hefner, Aneesa A Baboolal, Ruth E Fleury-Steiner, Susan L Miller
Mediation use has grown rapidly in the past few decades as an efficacious method of civil dispute resolution. However, early research suggests that civil mediation may cause further harm to victims of intimate partner abuse because, based on the inherent power dynamics of abusive relationships, they are not able to effectively advocate on their own behalf. In addition, organizational efficiency concerns have led to the development of consent processes for civil protection orders (POs). However, research has yet to examine the extent to which victims of intimate partner violence who take part in these consent processes perceive the process and associated outcomes as fair...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766757/a-comparison-of-juror-decision-making-in-race-based-and-sexual-orientation-based-hate-crime-cases
#17
Bradlee W Gamblin, Andre Kehn, Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig, Kelly M Jones, Brittney L Long
Several constructs have been identified as relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases. However, there is a lack of research on the relationships between these constructs and their variable influence across victim group. The purpose of the current study was to reexamine factors relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases within a structural model, and across victim group, to gauge the relative strength and explanatory power of various predictors. In the current study, 313 participants sentenced a perpetrator found guilty of a hate crime committed against either a Black man or a gay man; participants also responded to individual difference measures relevant to mock juror hate crime decision making, including prejudice toward the victim's social group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766756/sexual-and-nonsexual-homicide-in-scotland-is-there-a-difference
#18
Sara Skott, Eric Beauregard, Rajan Darjee
While a number of previous studies have compared sexual homicides to nonlethal sexual offenses, there have been few studies comparing sexual and nonsexual homicides. This study examines whether sexual homicide offenders differ from nonsexual homicide offenders in Scotland regarding characteristics of the offender, the victim, and the homicide incident. Unlike previous studies, only homicides committed by males against females were examined. Data from a national police database were used to compare 89 male sexual homicide offenders who killed adult females with 306 male nonsexual homicide offenders who had also killed adult females using bivariate and multivariate (logistic regression) analyses...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766755/the-role-of-maternal-acceptance-in-mediating-child-outcomes-among-substance-using-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Laura Cully, Qiong Wu, Natasha Slesnick
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent in the United States, and many women who experience IPV have children in their care. Substance use is common among this population and affects parenting behaviors such as maternal acceptance and child outcomes. Maternal experience of IPV affects a mother's ability to parent and interact with her child. Little is known about the combined influence of both maternal substance use and IPV on parenting behaviors and child problem behaviors. The current study examined differences in maternal acceptance and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors among mothers who reported experiencing IPV to mothers who never reported experiencing IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759034/motives-offending-behavior-and-gender-differences-in-murder-perpetrators-with-or-without-psychosis
#20
Henning Hachtel, Margaret Nixon, Debra Bennett, Paul Mullen, James Ogloff
Little is known whether differences exist in motivation and reactive/instrumental offense behaviors between murder offenders with and without psychotic disorder. To contribute to better prevention strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate offense characteristics in murder offenders with a psychotic, nonpsychotic or no psychiatric diagnosis, and whether these factors differ according to sex. This data study examined the population of murder offenders between 1997 and 2005 ( N = 435) in Victoria, Australia...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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