Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Katie M Edwards, Emily A Waterman, Katherine D M Lee, Lorelei Himlin, Kirby Parm, Victoria L Banyard
Relationship abuse (RA) and sexual assault (SA) are concerning issues for high school youth that occur at alarmingly high rates. Therefore, school-based prevention programs are often developed to try to mitigate these issues. The attitudinal and behavioral changes stemming from school-based intervention programs are often the primary focus of outcome research, but it is also important to identify program feasibility (e.g., dosage, adherence) and acceptability (e.g., likeability). The current study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a high school classroom-based RA and SA intervention, Bringing in the Bystander-High School Curriculum (BITB-HSC); the BITB-HSC also includes a workshop and reading materials for school personnel and parents...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Frederick D Weil, Michael Barton, Heather Rackin, Matthew Valasik, David Maddox
Social research has long argued that collective resources and major events like disasters have an important impact on violent crime, but it has been difficult to show their effects because data are scarce. We conducted a large survey in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina that included questions about collective resources. We aggregated our sample to the census tract level and merged it with data on concentrated disadvantage and violent crime. Our analyses show that bridging social networks are associated with lower levels of violent crime, while bonding social networks are associated with higher levels...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lenore F Soglin, Maya I Ragavan, Jennifer Chen Li, David F Soglin
Intimate partner violence (IPV) for South Asian immigrants is prevalent and has many unique sociodemographic and cultural factors associated with it. Current screening instruments do not address the unique cultural factors associated with IPV in this population. The South Asian Violence Screen (SAVS) is a 14-item screening tool for IPV designed based on the specific demographic and cultural issues affecting South Asian immigrant women in the United States. The tool was validated using the Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA), a well-established survey instrument for detecting IPV...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Colleen Varcoe, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Annette J Browne, Nancy Perrin, Vicky Bungay, Holly McKenzie, Victoria Smye, Roberta Price Elder, Jane Inyallie, Koushambhi Khan, Madeleine Dion Stout
Indigenous women globally are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), yet there is often a mismatch between available services and Indigenous women's needs and there are few evidence-based interventions specifically designed for this group. Building on an IPV-specific intervention (Intervention for Health Enhancement After Leaving [iHEAL]), "Reclaiming Our Spirits" (ROS) is a health promotion intervention developed to address this gap. Offered over 6 to 8 months in a partnership between nurses and Indigenous Elders, nurses worked individually with women focusing on six areas for health promotion and integrated health-related workshops within weekly Circles led by an Indigenous Elder...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Cashen M Boccio, Kevin M Beaver
Previous research links psychopathic traits with involvement in criminal behavior and numerous negative life outcomes. To date, however, a relatively limited amount of research has examined whether psychopathic traits confer an increased risk of victimization. This area of research is of interest as some scholars contend that psychopathic traits may confer several advantages for life outcomes including outcomes related to criminal conduct. As a result, psychopaths may be at a decreased risk of victimization...
January 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kate Walsh, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Louisa Gilbert, John Santelli, Shamus Khan, Martie P Thompson, Leigh Reardon, Jennifer S Hirsch, Claude A Mellins
The primary aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of self-reported sexual assault (SA) perpetration, defined as nonconsensual sexualized touching or attempted or completed oral, vaginal, or anal penetration since starting college among men, women, and gender nonconforming (GNC) students. A secondary aim was to examine the prevalence and correlates of self-reported sexual encounters when the respondent was unsure that their partner consented (ambiguous consent). In spring 2016, 1,671 randomly sampled students (67% response rate) at two interconnected urban undergraduate institutions participated in an online survey about sexual experiences and personal and social contextual correlates...
January 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jessica Brownhalls, Amanda Duffy, Li Eriksson, Fiona Kate Barlow
Obsessive relational intrusions (ORI) are the repeated and unwanted attempts by one person to initiate or maintain an intimate relationship with a specific, targeted, and unwilling other. To date, ORI has been commonly explained by relational goal pursuit (RGP) theory. Centrally, RGP theory posits that five clusters of goal-related cognitions and emotions explain ORI. These are goal-linking, self-efficacy, rumination, affective flooding, and rationalization. However, while the first four factors have been empirically investigated as predictors of ORI, rationalization has not...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sachiko Kita, Ko Ling Chan, Hiromi Tobe, Mayu Hayashi, Kaori Umeshita, Momoe Matsunaga, Nana Uehara, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
Previous studies have not focused on how intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy predicts early postnatal child abuse. This study identifies the continuity and spillover effects of IPV during pregnancy on IPV and child abuse and neglect (CAN) at 1-month and 3-month postnatal periods. A total of 822 pregnant women were recruited at the third trimester of pregnancy at two obstetric hospitals in Tokyo, Japan, from June 2016 to September 2017. IPV during pregnancy and IPV and CAN at 1 month and 3 months postnatal were obtained through self-reported questionnaires...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Susan L Miller, Patricia Becker
Due to the enactment of mandatory and proarrest policies, there has been a sharp increase in the number of women arrested for use of force against an intimate partner. Many of these arrested women are also victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) and experience high levels of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our study explores experiences of two groups: 80 women who self-refer into survivor groups or individual counseling sessions facilitated by a trained counselor and 86 court-involved women who have been arrested on an IPV/abuse (IPV/A)-related charge and (in lieu of more substantial punishment) participate in an intervention/treatment program...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Wanxue Qi
This study analyzed the association between parental conflict and adolescents' problematic Internet use (PIU), especially the mediating role of adolescent emotional dysregulation and the moderating role of adolescents' effortful control. About 870 middle school students participated in this survey, reporting on their perceived parental conflict, their own emotional dysregulation, effortful control, and PIU. The results demonstrated that the association between parental conflict and adolescent PIU was completely mediated by adolescent emotional dysregulation...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Dafna Tener
The term sibling sexual abuse (SSA) captures a broad continuum of sexual behaviors in childhood and adolescence that exceed the threshold of age-appropriate curiosity. Based on a sample of 15 adult survivors of SSA, this qualitative study examines experiences of relationships with perpetrating siblings during childhood and adulthood. Thematic analysis of semistructured qualitative interviews reveals two continua that characterize SSA survivors' lives: the "reciprocity-coercion" continuum in childhood and the "distance-closeness" continuum in adulthood...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Angela M Collins, Leana A Bouffard, Nicole Wilkes
Specialized domestic violence courts are presumed to be more effective than general case processing in understanding and addressing the unique issues associated with this crime type, which should lead to reduced recidivism among offenders. Research, however, is less clear about whether and how domestic violence courts reduce recidivism. This study analyzes data from a misdemeanor, expedited domestic violence court in southeast Texas to assess whether defendant characteristics and court processing characteristics influence recidivism among offenders processed through the specialty docket...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Mengtong Chen, Ko Ling Chan
The primary research focus on female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), coupled with a lack of discussion on mutual violence between intimate partners, has affected our understanding of IPV in China. In the current study, we aim to examine gender symmetry and mutuality in IPV in China. We also produce the first age-specific and gender-specific prevalence estimates for different types of IPV. The associations between IPV, demographic factors, personal factors, and relationship factors are also examined...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Joana Ferreira
Research on intimate partner violence among migrants and their experiences with the criminal justice system in Portugal is not extensive. This article presents the findings of a qualitative study conducted among seven migrant women who had been victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Portugal and eleven professionals from different services working with these violent situations. The data were collected through semistructured interviews with these participants, in five districts across the country. Its main aim was to explore migrant women victims of IPV experiences and perceptions of the criminal justice system in Portugal, drawing from an intersectionality approach, as well as the views of professionals intervening and providing support to this population...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Haley A Miles-McLean, Adam D LaMotte, Megan R Williams, Christopher M Murphy
Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been associated with men's perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV), but relatively little research has examined these associations among women who perpetrate IPV. This exploratory investigation evaluated the associations among trauma, PTSD symptoms, and IPV perpetration for women and a comparison sample of men. During intake at a community-based Abuse Intervention Program (AIP), women ( n = 32) and a demographically similar comparison sample of men ( n = 64) completed measures of trauma exposure, PTSD symptoms, physical aggression and emotional abuse perpetration, and use of alcohol and other drugs...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Katie Schultz, Melissa Walls, Sheryl J Grana
Elevated rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) have been documented among American Indian (AI) populations and multiple negative health outcomes are associated with IPV among the general population. The aims of this study were to examine associations between IPV and health outcomes among AI women and men ( N = 192) in five reservations in the upper Midwest and test for possible moderating roles of social support and communal mastery. Data were from quantitative survey results from the Gathering for Health study, a community-based participatory research project investigating the impact of stress on health among AI adults living with type 2 diabetes...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lance Johns, Sailesh Maharjan, Gloria Magana, Laura Kamptner, Michael Lewin
The present study examined interpersonal sensitivity and hostility as separate and sequential mediators in the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and the conflict tactic of negotiation (e.g., a strategy utilized to resolve conflict with a romantic partner) among female inmates. Participants were 258 female inmates recruited from three Southern California jails. After statistically controlling for partner-negotiation, results from a sequential mediation model revealed that the association between ACE and negotiation was mediated through three separate pathways...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Catherine A LaBrenz, Peter J Dell, Rowena Fong, Vera Liu
A plethora of research has linked exposure to violence during childhood to negative long-term physical health, mental health, and risk behavior outcomes. Yet, despite estimates that up to 60% of children in the United States will be exposed to violence, little is known about the impact on adult life satisfaction among different racial and ethnic groups, or for different types of violence exposure. This article seeks to explore factors that are associated with life satisfaction in adults who were exposed to family violence or physically abused as a child, while adjusting race, ethnicity, gender, and emotional support...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ibrahim Tanrikulu, Özgür Erdur-Baker
Drawing from Uses and Gratifications Theory (UGT), this study explored the interplay between personality traits (online disinhibition, moral disengagement, narcissism, and aggression) and cyberbullying perpetration motives (entertainment, revenge, harm, and dominance) through structural equation modeling. The participants were a convenience sample of 598 cyber bully-victims who were Turkish university students (229 females, 362 males, and seven unknown). The findings empirically supported UGT for conceptualization of cyberbullying perpetration...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Katrina J Debnam, Trina Kumodzi
Although research and intervention efforts in the United States have aimed to reduce teen dating violence (TDV), 10-year prevalence estimates suggest that TDV persists. Safety planning is an advocated intervention to reduce intimate partner abuse; yet, safety planning services for adolescents have not been systematically developed or tested. Personalized safety planning interventions that reflect teens' immediate risk, priorities, and resources may be a key prevention and empowerment tool. Thus, the current study examined adolescent perceptions of an existing safety planning app, myPlan...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"