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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Rushaunda A Farmer
Military spouses are at an increased vulnerability with regard to the potential of being sexually victimized. They are twice as likely as their civilian counterparts to experience sexual victimization. Despite the increased probability of sexual assault, not all military spouses perceive sexual assault and its prevention through the same lens. Recognizing that reality is subjective, the theoretical framework for this study was a constructivist paradigm. A qualitative case study was executed for the purpose of querying the perceptions of military spouses as it relates to sexual assault, its prevalence, and its prevention...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Danielle Sutton, Myrna Dawson
A growing body of literature has been devoted to analyzing the relationship status and state between victim and perpetrator to understand the dynamics of intimate partner violence (IPV). Prior research revealed that IPV was more frequent and severe in cohabiting and estranged relationships relative to marital/dating and intact relationships, respectively. Violence in cohabiting unions, however, has declined in recent years potentially due to the increasing popularity of such unions and their growing similarity to legal marriages...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nanthana Thananowan, Phuangphet Kaesornsamut, Tammy O'Rourke, Kathy Hegadoren
Although there is literature that describes coping strategies of women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV), the definitions of common coping strategies and the two-dimensional model of coping styles (emotion-or problem-focused) may not fully delineate how these women manage their day-to-day lives. Using an Interpretive Description method and feminist standpoint principles, in-depth interviews were conducted with 40 Thai women regarding how they managed living in the context of IPV. Data were analyzed using an iterative thematic analysis procedure...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ethan A Marshall, Holly A Miller, Jeffrey A Bouffard
Research has consistently shown a relationship between pornography use and sexually coercive behaviors, but this inquiry has yet to fully examine the theoretical mechanisms through which this relationship works. The current study will use a theory that has gained support and attention as a way to understand the relationship pornography use has with general sexual behaviors, but has not been widely used to explain its relationship with sexually coercive behaviors: the sexual script theory. In this theory, scripts are attitudes and ideas about what behavior is acceptable, desirable, and pleasurable, which exist at the societal, personal, and interpersonal levels...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Hava Dayan
Among persons who commit murder a certain percentage also commits suicide soon after, a phenomenon known as homicide-suicide. Previous studies indicate that femicide-suicide (female intimate partner homicide-suicides) accounts for the vast majority of homicide-suicide occurrences. Although the femicide-suicide phenomenon cuts across regions and societies, there is a dearth of studies of femicide-suicide patterns, motives, and characteristics among non-Western populations. A review of the few available findings about femicide-suicide in non-Western societies highlights the need for further study and corroboration of the distribution and characteristics of femicide-suicide in non-Western societies...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lauren Lb Klein, Laurie M Graham, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Premela G Deck, Stephanie M DeLong, Sandra L Martin
The U.S. Department of Education recently announced that existing legislation and guidance on campus sexual assault (CSA) policies had created a "failed system" in institutions of higher education. This announcement raises the question of how CSA legislation and guidance should be evaluated and applied in practice. We believe researchers are well situated to not only leverage data and empirically evaluate the success (or failure) of CSA federal and university policies but also to facilitate development of improved, more effective CSA policy...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jerika C Norona, Brian Borsari, Daniel W Oesterle, Lindsay M Orchowski
The present study examined the ways alcohol use and risk factors for sexual assault perpetration vary by relationship status. Participants included 242 college men (age = 18-22 years) from a northeastern university who identified as being single or in a casual or committed dating relationship with a female partner. ANCOVAs and paired t tests compared individuals who were single, casually dating, and in committed relationships on self-reported alcohol use during sexual situations, beliefs about sexual communication, behavior associated with sexual aggression, and peer approval of sexual aggression...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Chukwuemeka N Okafor, Whitney Barnett, Heather J Zar, Raymond Nhapi, Nastassja Koen, Steve Shoptaw, Dan J Stein
Violence against women remains a significant public health problem globally. The majority of longitudinal studies documenting the negative impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on the mental health of women come from high-income countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal association between emotional, physical, or sexual IPV and depression symptoms among South African women in a prospective cohort study. Participants were 981 South African women enrolled in the Drakenstein Child Health Study-a cohort study investigating the early life determinants of child health...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Erin O'Callaghan, Katherine Lorenz, Sarah E Ullman, Anne Kirkner
After a sexual assault, victims often disclose their assault to an informal support provider (SP) to receive social support. Ample research exists on social reactions of informal SPs to disclosure and how those reactions affect the victim both positively and negatively, but little research exists on how the disclosure impacts a survivor's support relationships both in the short and in the long term. This qualitative interview study examined 45 ethnically diverse informal support dyads where women disclosed sexual assault to an informal SP (e...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Calvin A Hesse, Catherine Strauss, Ryan C Shorey, Gregory L Stuart, Tara L Cornelius
As a result of the proliferation of data examining intimate partner violence (IPV), there has been an emerging interest in how this research emotionally affects participants, particularly those with a history of personal experience with IPV. While a large body of IPV research suggests that only a small proportion of individuals experience transient emotional distress as the result of participation, this research is limited by examining only the emotional responses at the conclusion of the research, rather than examining changes in affect during the research...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Richard Stansfield, Kirk R Williams
Nonfatal strangulation between intimate partners represents an extreme controlling form of violent behavior, increasing the risk that intimate partner violence (IPV) becomes lethal. Guided by Dutton and Goodman's conceptualization of coercive control, the present research explored the relation between death threats and subsequent nonfatal strangulation to amplify the credibility of those threats, using a large sample of IPV perpetrators ( n = 6,488). Logistic regression analyses determined the relation between overt threats to a partner's life during an initial incident arrest and subsequent nonfatal strangulation postincident arrest, accounting for perpetrator characteristics and assessed risk...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Carmit Katz, Shir Piller, Talia Glucklich, Daniela Efrat Matty
The phenomenon of Internet child sexual abuse (ICSA) has been receiving growing attention over the last decade, and studies have promoted knowledge with respect to the phenomenon's epidemiology, as well as to characteristics of the victims, perpetrators, and dynamics in these cases. The current retrospective study sought to delve into the disclosure component in cases of ICSA. The sample comprised 52 cases of adolescents who arrived at a child advocacy center (CAC) following ICSA. Analysis of these cases was targeted to capture the multifaceted nature of disclosure using those perspectives that could be documented by the CAC staff-of the practitioners, the adolescents, and their parents...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Meesha Iqbal, Zafar Fatmi
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects millions of women across the world, and Pakistan is no exception. However, there is wide variance in reported frequencies worldwide and even within the same population. No standardized representative national and subnational estimates were available for IPV in Pakistan. We analyzed 3,666 ever-married women (15-49 years), from the most recent Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS; 2012-2013), to determine the prevalence of emotional and physical violence among women in Pakistan and its major subpopulations...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Gaylene S Armstrong, Lisa R Muftic, Leana A Bouffard
A domestic violence incident perpetrated by a child toward his or her parent presents a challenging dynamic for law enforcement officers responding to these calls for service. To date, law enforcement responses to child to parent violence (CPV) have only been studied dichotomously (i.e., decision to arrest), and as a result, the associated complexities are not well understood. Here, we add to the understanding of individual, situational, and contextual factors that influence law enforcement response to CPV by examining 1,113 calls for service in a Midwestern state...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Caleb J Figge, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, G Anne Bogat, Alytia A Levendosky
Children's appraisals of interparental violence, including appraisals of high threat and low coping efficacy, are robust predictors of behavioral and emotional problems. However, few studies have examined the factors that account for children's use of these maladaptive appraisals, particularly among children exposed to more severe forms of interparental conflict. The current study examines parent-child relationship quality as a mediator of the effect of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure on children's appraisals of conflict...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ivanka van Delft, Catrin Finkenauer, J Clasien De Schipper, Francien Lamers-Winkelman
Mother-child dialogues about children's emotional experiences are associated with children's adaptive coping with stressful situations and mental health. Despite these findings, dialogues have not been examined yet in the context of child sexual abuse. This gap is surprising given that mother-child dialogues may particularly promote children's recovery from traumatic events. The current exploratory study examined the quality of mother-child emotion dialogues, as well as the quality of child and maternal contributions to dialogues, among dyads with sexually abused children ( n = 30; 60% female; M age = 8...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nicholas L Wilson
The goal of this article is to provide evidence on the past-year prevalence of violence against female adolescent children age 15 to 17 and test the hypothesis that higher socioeconomic status is associated with lower likelihoods of past-year violence. We used national household surveys from 36 low- and-middle-income countries to provide evidence on the prevalence of violence against 34,901 adolescents age 15 to 17 and logistic regression analysis to measure the association between socioeconomic status and past-year violence against adolescents...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Natasha B Khade, Xia Wang, Scott H Decker
This study examines the association between childhood physical abuse and an increased risk for violent victimization in youth and young adulthood in China. It further assesses if this relationship is mediated by an individual's routine activities. Data used in this study were collected from more than 2,000 individuals of school-based samples in Changzhi, a city of over 3 million people in Northern China. Drawing from a survey that captures childhood physical abuse, violent victimization, and routine activities, this study uses negative binominal regression to examine the relationships between childhood physical abuse, routine activities, and violent victimization among Chinese youth and young adults...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Tara N Richards, Angela R Gover, Alison Tudor
The Personal Protective Order (PPO) and the PPO process may provide an opportunity to shift power dynamics from the state/abuser to the victim-a process otherwise known as "victim empowerment." Using a previously established empowerment framework, the Empowerment Process Model, 2017 PPO statutes for all U.S. states and the District of Columbia ( n = 51) were examined in regard to 23 statutory elements conceptualized to facilitate the process of victim empowerment for initmate partner violence (IPV) victims...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Salma Morium, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Afsana Bhuiyan, Shams El Arifeen
Violence against women has been treated as a global epidemic and not uncommon in Bangladesh like in many other low-income countries. The occurrence of domestic violence against women (DVAW) in the urban slums of Bangladesh is not well documented. There is also scarce evidence regarding the factors contributing to DVAW. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate DVAW in the urban slums and its associated factors in Chittagong, Bangladesh. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 87 women of reproductive age having at least one child below 5 years of age and staying with their husband for at least last 1 year in selected slums under Chittagong City Corporation area...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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