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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956479/immediate-and-long-term-mental-health-outcomes-in-adolescent-female-rape-survivors
#1
Yewande Oshodi, Muiruri Macharia, Anusha Lachman, Soraya Seedat
Rape is considered a stressful trauma and often has long-lasting health consequences. Compared with adult females, limited data exist on the psychological impact of rape in adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of emotional distress in a cohort of adolescent rape survivors in Cape Town. Participants in this prospective longitudinal study were 31 adolescent female rape survivors recruited from a rape clinic in Cape Town and assessed within 2 weeks of the assault...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940606/childhood-abuse-and-current-intimate-partner-violence-a-population-study-in-hong-kong
#2
Elsie Yan, Thanos Karatzias
Previous studies have established that childhood violence victimization is associated with current experience of intimate partner violence (IPV). Existing literature, however, focused exclusively on female survivors and physical IPV and relied on non-representative samples. The present study examined the associations between life adversities and IPV using a representative sample of 1,239 men and women aged between 18 and 97. Participants provided information on their demographic characteristics, lifetime history of adverse life events, and past year IPV...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923874/inmate-violence-and-correctional-staff-burnout-the-role-of-sense-of-security-gender-and-job-characteristics
#3
Anna Isenhardt, Ueli Hostettler
Violence in the workplace has serious consequences for employees and organizations. Based on a survey in early 2012 among employees from all work areas of 89 of the total 112 correctional facilities in Switzerland resulting in a sample of 2,045 employees (response rate 48.5%), this study (a) analyzed whether victimization has an impact on correctional staff burnout, (b) tested the hypothetical mediating role of sense of security in the relationship between victimization and burnout, and (c) included gender and job characteristics because work experiences and exposure to violence of staff differ strongly with gender and work tasks...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920361/drama-at-dunder-mifflin-workplace-bullying-discourses-on-the-office
#4
Erin M Sumner, Jennifer A Scarduzio, Jena R Daggett
This study examines the portrayal and affective framing of workplace bullying behaviors on the popular American television show The Office Quantitative and qualitative content analyses were conducted on 54 episodes spanning the show's nine seasons. Results revealed 331 instances of workplace bullying, for an average of 6.13 bullying behaviors per episode. Workplace bullying behavior on The Office was grouped into five categories: sexual jokes, public humiliation, practical jokes, belittlement, and misuse of authority...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920360/effects-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-stress-and-social-support-on-the-health-of-college-students
#5
Canan Karatekin, Rohini Ahluwalia
The goal of the study was to describe the nature of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) reported by undergraduates and to examine the effect of ACEs, perceived stress, and perceived social support on their health. Although respondents (N = 321) had parents with relatively high levels of education and indicated generally high levels of social support, results nevertheless showed a relatively high level of mental health problems and rates of ACEs that were similar to those in the general population in the state...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920359/collecting-self-reported-data-on-dating-abuse-perpetration-from-a-sample-of-primarily-black-and-hispanic-urban-residing-young-adults-a-comparison-of-timeline-followback-interview-and-interactive-voice-response-methods
#6
Emily F Rothman, Timothy Heeren, Michael Winter, David Dorfman, Allyson Baughman, Gregory Stuart
Dating abuse is a prevalent and consequential public health problem. However, relatively few studies have compared methods of collecting self-report data on dating abuse perpetration. This study compares two data collection methods-(a) the Timeline Followback (TLFB) retrospective reporting method, which makes use of a written calendar to prompt respondents' recall, and (b) an interactive voice response (IVR) system, which is a prospective telephone-based database system that necessitates respondents calling in and entering data using their telephone keypads...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920358/factors-affecting-counseling-services-in-social-service-structures-providing-support-to-women-who-are-victims-of-violence-a-qualitative-research-in-greece
#7
Katerina Flora, Anthi Argyroudi
This qualitative study examines the factors that affect counseling services in structures aimed to provide support to women who are victims of violence. What has created the need to investigate the above issues is the increase in events of violence against women in Greece, and the subsequent development of relevant support and accommodation structures. Despite the clinical experience accumulated, research data from Greece are incomplete. The main research question concerns the factors that affect counseling in violence counseling structures...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920357/use-of-a-bogus-pipeline-to-detect-men-s-underreporting-of-sexually-aggressive-behavior
#8
Emily Strang, Zoë D Peterson
Researchers rely on men's self-reports of sexually aggressive behavior to identify the prevalence and correlates of men's perpetration (i.e., their use of verbal or physical coercion to obtain sex from a nonconsenting partner). However, results from research based on men's self-reported sexual perpetration are suspect because men may intentionally conceal their sexually aggressive behavior. The current study used a Bogus Pipeline (BPL) methodology to determine whether young, community men (N = 93) intentionally underreport their use of sexually aggressive strategies on two self-report measures of perpetration...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909179/disclosure-recipients-social-reactions-to-victims-disclosures-of-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis
Prior research indicates that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are most likely to disclose their victimization experiences to an informal support (e.g., friend, family), and that IPV disclosures are often met with both positive (e.g., empathic support) and negative (e.g., victim blame) reactions. However, research on social reactions to disclosure largely has neglected the perspectives of disclosure recipients. Guided by the attribution framework, the current study extends prior research by assessing factors (i...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909178/no-differences-in-health-outcomes-after-routine-inquiry-about-violence-victimization-in-young-women-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-swedish-youth-health-centers
#10
Anna Palm, Ulf Högberg, Niclas Olofsson, Alkistis Skalkidou, Ingela Danielsson
Youth is a period in life when the risk of violence victimization is high and association between victimization and ill health is well established. Youth rarely reveal violence victimization to health professionals if not directly asked but favor health professionals asking about victimization. The study's primary aim was to examine health outcomes in young women being routinely asked about violence victimization and offered subsequent support, compared with controls, at 12-month follow-up. Secondary aims were to examine to what extent routine inquiry altered the consultation and re-victimization rates during the study period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872399/health-and-rural-context-among-victims-of-partner-abuse-does-justice-matter
#11
Robert Walker, T K Logan
Research typically compartmentalizes health and justice as separate areas of study. However, the current health literature on inequality suggests the two concepts are overlapping. For victims of partner violence, procedural justice (defined in this article as access to protective orders and enforcement of protective orders) potentially provides a step toward improved health and well-being by improving safety. There has been limited research examining these factors in rural compared with urban areas. This study examines the impact of procedural justice on health and well-being through interviews with rural and urban women 6 months prior to, and 6 months after, obtaining a protective order...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864519/faith-and-marital-violence-in-sub-saharan-africa-exploring-the-links-between-religious-affiliation-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-ghana
#12
Baffour K Takyi, Enoch Lamptey
Research shows that intimate partner violence is quite widespread throughout the world. In the case of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), studies have concluded that cultural and economic factors help to sustain the spread and maintenance of intimate partner violence in the region. Although the cultural interpretations predominate in current research, few have examined the links between religion, an important cultural variable, and intimate partner violence in SSA. Given the growth and importance of religion in African cultures, we used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic Health Survey (n = 1,831) and ordinary least squares regression method to investigate the links between religious affiliation and intimate partner violence...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827321/are-gender-differences-in-dsm-5-ptsd-symptomatology-explained-by-sexual-trauma
#13
Jeffrey Guina, Ramzi W Nahhas, Kevin Kawalec, Seth Farnsworth
Although many studies have assessed gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence, few examine individual PTSD symptoms (PTSSs). Hypothesizing that trauma differences explain many gender differences in symptomatology, this is the first known study to adjust PTSSs for trauma type, and to compare gender differences in those with sexual traumas. Using a cross-sectional survey methodology in a sample of adult outpatients (n = 775), we examined gender, trauma type, PTSSs, suicide, alcohol, and tobacco...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827320/stories-of-victimization-self-positioning-and-construction-of-gender-in-narratives-of-abused-women
#14
Karin Jarnkvist, Lotta Brännström
The objective of this article is to analyze how women who have been victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) position themselves in relation to the image of the "ideal victim" and how gender is constructed in that positioning. There is a need for a gender analysis framework to understand how various forms of femininity are constructed and how narratives linked to this can either maintain a woman in an abusive relationship or encourage her to leave. Christie's theory of the "ideal victim" and Connell's gender theory are applied in this study, in which the narratives of 14 female IPV victims in Sweden are analyzed using a narrative method...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821642/mother-blame-and-the-just-world-theory-in-child-sexual-abuse-cases
#15
Kelsi Toews, Jorden A Cummings, Jessica L Zagrodney
Mothers are blamed for a variety of negative experiences and outcomes of their children, including child sexual abuse (CSA). According to just world hypothesis (JWH), people have a need to view the world as one where there is no such thing as an innocent victim; that is, the world is fair and just. These beliefs predict victim blaming in situations such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, and robbery. However, JWH has not been applied to the examination of mother blame, a situation in which the blame target did not directly experience the traumatic event...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815326/negative-responses-to-disclosure-of-sexual-victimization-and-victims-symptoms-of-ptsd-and-depression-the-protective-role-of-ethnic-identity
#16
Valentina Nikulina, Adrian Bautista, Elissa J Brown
College-aged women experience high rates of sexual victimization. Their postassault symptoms are associated with the types of responses they receive from the people to whom they disclose these experiences. Negative responses are pervasive and associated with poorer outcomes. The current study examined whether a strong sense of ethnic identity and comfort with the mainstream culture moderate the association between negative responses to the first disclosure of sexual victimization and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807210/the-social-and-individual-characteristics-of-women-associated-with-engagement-with-multiple-intimate-violent-partners
#17
Sara F Stein, Andrew A Grogan-Kaylor, Maria M Galano, Hannah M Clark, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem with known negative physical and mental health outcomes for women exposed. Studies have shown that with increased violence exposure, there are increased risks of negative outcomes for women. Likewise, chronicity of IPV across multiple partners is linked to more profound psychological suffering than acute exposure. However, little is known about the social- and individual-level characteristics of women that are correlated with engagement with multiple abusive partners...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807209/influence-of-intimate-partner-violence-severity-on-the-help-seeking-strategies-of-female-victims-and-the-influence-of-social-reactions-to-violence-disclosure-on-the-process-of-leaving-a-violent-relationship
#18
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
This article uses data from the 2015 Spanish Survey on Violence Against Women, a nationally representative survey of 10,171 women aged 16 or above, to analyze the relationship between the severity of intimate partner violence and formal and informal help-seeking strategies, the link between the severity of abuse and the reasons for not seeking formal help, and the influence of social reactions to violence disclosure on the process of leaving a violent relationship. The results show that in Spain, many abused women disclose violence and seek help...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807208/the-golden-thread-coercive-control-and-risk-assessment-for-domestic-violence
#19
Andy Myhill, Katrin Hohl
Research on risk assessment for domestic violence has to date focused primarily on the predictive power of individual risk factors and the statistical validity of risk assessment tools in predicting future physical assault in sub-sets of cases dealt with by the police. This study uses data from risk assessment forms from a random sample of cases of domestic violence reported to the police. An innovative latent trait model is used to test whether a cluster of risk factors associated with coercive control is most representative of the type of abuse that comes to the attention of the police...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807207/defining-and-predicting-pimps-coerciveness-toward-sex-workers-socialization-processes
#20
Loretta J Stalans, Mary A Finn
Prior research has found that pimps use both non-coercive and coercive management styles across and within market segments of the illicit sex trade. The current study is the first to examine the socialization processes underlying variation in the self-reported coerciveness of pimps. This study begins to fill a void in the almost non-existent research on pimps who are actively managing Internet-solicited sex workers, and adds to the sparse research on pimps' coerciveness. We extend Anderson's concepts of "street code" families, where respect is acquired through displaying physical violence and toughness, and "decent" families, where middle class values of avoiding unnecessary aggression and complying with the law prevail, to understand variation in the degree of coerciveness that pimps utilize toward sex workers...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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