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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Laura M Schwab-Reese, Dustin Currie, Aura A Mishra, Corinne Peek-Asa
Despite recent civil rights advances for sexual minority communities in the United States, disparities in violence victimization have increased in recent years. Polyvictimization, the experience of multiple types of violence, is common in the United States and may result in mental and physical health consequences above and beyond single-type victimization. However, disparities in polyvictimization among sexual minority young people remain understudied. The purpose of this article was to determine whether there were disparities in monovictimization and polyvictimization among sexual minority young people compared with their heterosexual peers...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Gia Elise Barboza, Laura A Siller
Physically abused youth are vulnerable to experiencing difficulties across multiple domains of school functioning. Most of the literature examining the relationship between child physical abuse (CPA) and adult violence has focused narrowly on academic outcomes rather than taking a broader view that explores the processes undergirding school engagement and connections. The present study adopted Connell's model of school engagement, connectedness and outcomes within a social bond framework to examine (a) the link between CPA and school social bonds, (b) the link between CPA and adult violence persistence, and (c) the mediational (parallel, serial) effects of school bonds (engagement, connection, and achievement) on violence perpetration in adulthood...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Julio Montanez, Amy Donley
Firearms and intimate partner violence form a nexus of dangerousness and lethality. But, some policies aim to separate the two phenomena. The present study aims to fill a gap in the literature focusing on opinions toward a firearm prohibition for persons with injunctions for protection in effect against them by analyzing data from a convenience sample of 290 undergraduate students at a large research university in Florida, United States. Overall, any agreement with the policy was high. Multivariate analyses indicated that females/women and gender identity minorities, together, tended to express more agreement with firearm prohibition than males/men...
November 4, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Isabelle V Daignault, Martine Hébert, Mireille Cyr, Marilou Pelletier, Pierre McDuff
Child sexual abuse (CSA) can severely affect the mental health of children and their parents. While correlates of recovery have been documented in children, factors exacerbating parents' adaptation to their child's unveiling of CSA deserves further attention. Parents' history of abuse has been inconsistently identified as a predictor of their distress in reaction to their child's abuse disclosure. This study proposes a mediation model that explores various processes underlying mother's psychological distress (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], dissociation, and their comorbidity) following their children's unveiling of CSA...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Rikki Patton, Heather Katafiasz
Prior research has indicated the significant overlap between risky alcohol use and intimate partner violence (IPV) among couples. However, few studies have explicitly examined the intersection of alcohol use and IPV among distressed couples (e.g., couples seeking couples therapy). The current study aimed to (a) examine how couples presenting to couple therapy experience alcohol use, IPV, and the co-occurrence of both alcohol use and IPV and (b) the effect of the intersection of alcohol use and IPV in couples on relational functioning...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Piyanjali de Zoysa, Upul Senarath, Harendra de Silva
An integral part of a teacher's job is to correct misbehavior of students. There is scarcity of information on disciplinary methods used by teachers in schools in Sri Lanka. As a part of a larger research, this study was undertaken to fill this gap. A culturally validated questionnaire was used to assess the various disciplinary methods used by 459 teachers, on 948 students, in six districts in Sri Lanka. National, provincial, special education, and private schools were included in this study. The study revealed that teachers used aversive disciplinary methods such as corporal punishment and psychological aggression...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Benjamin Krämer, Johanna Schindler
This study examines how media coverage of bystander intervention affects helping behavior in similar situations, taking into account the role of motivations for and against helping. In a 2 × 4 factorial online experiment, a newspaper report on a case of bystander intervention was varied in terms of a (a) good versus bad outcome for the helper and (b) four types of framing targeting motivations for and against helping. Results show that risk perception, rejection of responsibility, motivation by social approval, and moral motivation are highly associated with the intention to intervene and with projected behavior...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Alyssa F Harlow, Sydney K Willis, Meghan L Smith, Emily F Rothman
Twitter has rapidly gained popularity as a space for the public to discuss sexual violence (SV) prevention due to a number of high-profile SV cases. This study aimed to examine Twitter discourse on SV prevention through the hashtag #HowIWillChange, which encouraged Twitter users to come forward and report plans to engage in bystander prevention. We analyzed 1,493 #HowIWillChange tweets from October 2017 through a directed content analysis approach rooted in an evidence-based framework for the continuum of bystander intervention...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Paola Andrea Ilabaca Baeza, José Manuel Gaete Fiscella
Child-to-parent violence has been defined as any act used by children to gain power and control by generating fear in their parents and that seeks to cause physical, psychological, and/or financial harm to their parents. This behavior puts family safety at risk due to the imbalance of power that it generates. For this reason, most abused parents feel guilty and humiliated. Child-to-parent violence has been historically underresearched compared with other studies about family violence. Most of the research conducted on this topic has been carried out in Europe and North America in the least decades...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Molly R Wolf, Shraddha Prabhu
In this retrospective study of 244 adult survivors of child sexual abuse (CSA), their experiences of childhood polyvictimization were analyzed as to their cumulative effect on trauma symptoms, education, and income levels. The data were gathered by anonymously sampling adult survivors of CSA from websites that were specific to this population (such as online peer support groups). Their experiences of victimization were examined as to Cumulative Polyvictimization, Witnessing Traumas (such as witnessing intimate partner violence), and Experiencing Traumas (such as child physical abuse)...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Adam M Messinger, Stephanie N Sessarego, Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard
Research repeatedly concludes that lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals (i.e., sexual minorities) are at increased risk of experiencing abuse in a romantic or sexual relationship. For service providers, a vital but largely unanswered question is how common it is for victims of sexual minority intimate partner violence (SM-IPV) to also have perpetrated IPV, particularly in regard to adolescent relationships. To our knowledge, the present article is only the second in the literature to examine adolescent SM-IPV directionality, and it is the first to compare adolescent SM-IPV directionality and heterosexual IPV (H-IPV) directionality within the same sample...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Barbara J Lassiter, Nancy S Bostain, Cheryl Lentz
The purpose of this study was to gain consensus from experts on the best practices that might be taken into account when developing early bystander intervention training programs to reduce both workplace intimate partner violence (WIPV) and workplace bullying (WB). A U.S. nationwide panel of 17 experts completed the qualitative five-round modified Delphi study. The experts were leaders or managers from business, government, not-for-profit, and academic organizations who exceeded the criteria to participate in the study...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Laurie Cooper Stoll, Terry Glenn Lilley, Ray Block
This study uses a diverse sample that is nationally representative with regards to race and gender ( N = 2,000) in an attempt to replicate and confirm Stoll, Lilley, and Pinter's previous finding that gender-blind sexism is correlated with rape myth acceptance. As in the original study, we hypothesized that higher scores on the Gender-Blind Sexism Inventory (GBSI) would be predictive of higher scores on Stoll et al.'s Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (RMA). Gender-blind sexism builds on previous models of contemporary sexism such as hostile and benevolent sexism, modern sexism, and neosexism...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Corey Hazekamp, Suzanne McLone, Sana Yousuf, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
Homicide is a preventable public health issue that has detrimental effects on both victims and witnesses and increases health care costs. From 2006 to 2015, homicide has been the second leading cause of death for youth aged 15 to 24 years in the United States. Educational attainment has been widely regarded as a protective factor against justice system involvement and violent injury. We conducted a time-trend analysis examining educational attainment levels for male victims of homicide aged 18 to 24 years in the City of Chicago, 2006 to 2015, to describe the educational attainment of youth homicide victims in Chicago...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Allyson L Dir, Christine Hahn, Anna E Jaffe, Kimberley Stanton, Amanda K Gilmore
Sexual assault is a common traumatic experience that can have a wide-ranging impact on psychological functioning, including experience of depressive symptoms. Although many studies have examined lifetime rates of depression among those with sexual assault history, less is known regarding risk factors for depressive symptoms following recent sexual assault. The study examined whether drug use history is uniquely related to depressive symptoms following recent assault. N = 65 individuals, 95.4% female; 73.8% White; M( SD)age = 28...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Brooklynn Bailey, Matthew C Morris
Being stalked is a potentially traumatic experience associated with a threat to personal safety. Although major depression and posttraumatic stress (PTS) disorder are highly prevalent among stalking victims, little is known about factors associated with risk for the onset and maintenance of depressive and PTS symptoms in individuals with recent stalking exposure. The aim of this study was to determine the role of cognitive appraisals (negative views about the self, negative views about the world, self-blame) in the development of depressive and PTS symptoms in young adult women who had experienced stalking within 1 month of their baseline assessment...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Carmen Vives-Cases, Daniel La Parra-Casado, Diana Gil-González, Pablo Caballero
Acceptability of violence against women (VAW) is a key dimension in addressing this social problem, given its influence on both the violent conduct of aggressors and the decisions of affected women. This study analyzes, for the first time, the magnitude of acceptability of VAW and associated factors in the Roma population in Spain. The Roma population is the largest ethnocultural minority in Europe. Data were analyzed from the Spanish National Health Survey of the Roma Population of 2014, a survey of 1,167 people identified as members of the Roma community...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
John F Sandberg, Valerie Delaunay, Yacine Boujija, Laetitia Douillot, Simona Bignami, Steven Rytina, Cheikh Sokhna
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pressing international public health and human rights concern. Recent scholarship concerning causes of IPV has focused on the potentially critical influence of social learning and influence in interpersonal interaction through social norms. Using sociocentric network data from all individuals aged 16 years and above in a rural Senegalese village surveyed as part of the Niakhar Social Networks and Health Project ( n = 1,274), we estimate a series of nested linear probability models to test the association between characteristics of respondents' social networks and residential compounds (including educational attainment, health ideation, socioeconomic status, and religion) and whether respondents are classified as finding IPV acceptable, controlling for individual characteristics...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sino Esthappan, Sara Bastomski, Janine Zweig, Meredith Dank, Hanna Love
In Western European countries and Canada, an emerging scholarly literature has helped inform awareness and prevention efforts and justice system responses to address forced marriages. But, little is known about this issue in the United States. The present study, the first large scale examination of forced marriage prevalence in the United States, surveys a national sample of Internet users over 18 years of age. Using a Google Consumer Survey platform, this exploratory study seeks to estimate prevalence of and gender disparities in forced marriages for this sample; examine conditions and circumstances associated with forced marriage; develop adequate measurement tools to identify individuals who have faced forced marriage; and better understand how and to what extent those experiencing forced marriage face psychological abuse from intimate partners and access victim services...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Hulya KulakciAltintas, Sultan Ayaz-Alkaya
Parental attitude is an important factor for adolescents to establish healthy-unhealthy relationships with their environment and to develop a tendency for violence. This study was performed to determine parental attitudes perceived by high school students and their tendency for violence and the affecting factors. This cross-sectional correlational study was conducted with 2,000 high school students. Data were collected by a questionnaire, Parental Attitude Scale, and Violence Tendency Scale. In the study, it was found that mean scores of the students for democratic attitude were higher than protective or authoritarian attitudes...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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