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Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology

Gina M McCaskill, Kathleen A Bolland, Cynthia J Brown, T Mark Beasley
Physical inactivity among older adults around the world is a growing concern. In the United States, older African Americans report high levels of physical inactivity, especially older African Americans with chronic conditions. This study examined the influence of chronic conditions on aerobic activity among a sample of community-dwelling, older African Americans with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions, such as hypertension and arthritis. Findings indicate that regardless of age, the number of chronic conditions was a significant influence in self-report of aerobic activity...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Tamer Ahmed, Emmanuelle Belanger, Afshin Vafaei, Georges K Koné, Beatriz Alvarado, François Béland, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a new instrument to assess social networks and social support (IMIAS-SNSS) for different types of social ties in an international sample of older adults. The study sample included n = 1995 community dwelling older people aged between 65 and 74 years from the baseline of the longitudinal International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). In order to measure social networks for each type of social tie, participants were asked about the number of contacts, the number of contacts they see at least once a month or have a very good relationship with, or speak with at least once a month...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Lucia H F França, Douglas A Hershey
In this investigation, we attempt to replicate the Interdisciplinary Financial Planning Model advanced by Hershey et al. (International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 70, 1-38, 2010) using a sample of Brazilian adults. This model, which was originally tested on individuals from The Netherlands and the United States, posits that psychological, social, and economic forces are key determinants of retirement planning practices and perceptions of saving adequacy. Taken together, fifteen hypotheses were subject to evaluation...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Mireya Vilar-Compte, Arturo Vargas-Bustamante, James Lubben
PURPOSE: To perform a face validity study of the Spanish version of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6) among Mexican and Mexican-American older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-national qualitative descriptive approach, based on cognitive survey testing and cross-cultural equivalence analysis, was followed to assess the face validity of the Spanish version of the LSNS-6. Data were collected through 2 focus groups in Los Angeles (LA) and 4 in Mexico City (CDMX)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Hai Luo, Verena Menec
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and health among Chinese immigrants. The sample included 101 older Chinese immigrants aged 60 to 96 who were recruited in 2013 in a city on the Canadian prairies. Participant completed a questionnaire assessing their structural and cognitive social capital (views on community, trust and reciprocity, civic participation, social networks and support, and social participation), physical and mental health status (SF-36), and sociodemographic characteristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Manije Moghadam, Mahyar Salavati, Robab Sahaf, Maryam Rassouli, Mojgan Moghadam, Ahmad Ali Akbari Kamrani
After forward-backward translation, the LSS was administered to 334 Persian speaking, cognitively healthy elderly aged 60 years and over recruited through convenience sampling. To analyze the validity of the model's constructs and the relationships between the constructs, a confirmatory factor analysis followed by PLS analysis was performed. The Construct validity was further investigated by calculating the correlations between the LSS and the "Short Form Health Survey" (SF-36) subscales measuring similar and dissimilar constructs...
March 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Sherry C Wang, John W Creswell, Dau Nguyen
This study sought to address the gaps in the literature on Asian American gerontology with a multiply marginalized group in terms of gender, immigration status, and context. Guided by a multiple case study approach, we sought to explore how social support was experienced by four Vietnamese elderly refugee women residing in different living arrangements (i.e., alone, with spouse, with adult children, or in a multigenerational household). Within-case analyses were conducted to yield descriptive information about each individual...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Colette V Browne, Kathryn L Braun
Native Hawaiians, the indigenous people of Hawai'i, were once a healthy and hardy people. But today they are affected by varying social and health disparities that have led to poor social and health outcomes. Most of the research on Hawaiians in general and Native Hawaiian elders in particular has been conducted in Hawai'i, even though the Hawaiian Diaspora has resulted in 45% of this population residing in North America and Alaska. This qualitative study used key informant interviews and focus group methods to examine reasons for migration and perspectives on aging and caregiving in a sample of Native Hawaiian elders and family caregivers residing in Southern California...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
David Basic, Chris Shanley, Rinaldo Gonzales
The purpose of this prospective study of 2180 consecutive index admissions to an acute geriatric service was to compare in-hospital outcomes of frail older inpatients born in non-English-speaking counties, referred to as culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) countries in Australia, with those born in English-speaking countries. Multivariate logistic regression was used to model in-hospital mortality and new nursing home placement. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to model length of stay...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Angela Rapson, Mere Kepa, Martin Connolly, Sally Keeling, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Joanna B Broad, Lorna Dyall, Santosh Jatrana, Janine Wiles, Avinesh Pillai, Nick Garrett, Ngaire Kerse
This study explored active aging for older Māori and non-Māori by examining their self-nominated important everyday activities. The project formed part of the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study of aging well in New Zealand. Māori aged 80 to 90 and non-Māori aged 85 were recruited. Of the 937 participants enrolled, 649 answered an open question about their three most important activities. Responses were coded under the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Activities and Participation domains...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Suzie S Weng
This paper focuses on older adults and the aging concerns of this population among groups of Asian American communities in a specific state in the southern region of the United States. A qualitative approach was used to gain a more in-depth understanding of issues related to aging from caregivers who are Asian American leaders from a community perspective. Areas of concern identified include intergenerational dynamics, physical and mental health concerns, and the need for a community center and living facility...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Mahin Kiwi, Lars-Christer Hydén, Eleonor Antelius
Previous research has shown how filial piety is strong among people of Iranian background and that traditional Iranian culture result in most families' preferring to care for their elderly (and sick) family members at home. While acknowledging this, this article highlights what living in diaspora could mean in terms of cultural adaption and changing family values. By interviewing people with Iranian background living in Sweden (n = 20), whom all have been former primary caregivers to a relative living with dementia, we are able to show how the decision to cease caregiving at home is taken, and what underlying factors form the basis for such decision...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Candace S Brown, Kevin S Masters, Amy G Huebschmann
Demonstrating health disparities related to race, age, and gender, older Black women (BW) are the most sedentary demographic group in the United States. Increasing PA in mid-life is important, as it improves health as BW age into their later years. Advancing our understanding of the exercise motives of BW triathletes presents a "reverse engineering" opportunity to identify motives that could influence sedentary mid-life BW to increase their activity. The purposes of this study were to: (a) utilize an innovative survey transformation method to adapt a measure developed primarily in Caucasian males, i...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, John Knodel
Myanmar is one of the poorest and least healthy countries in Southeast Asia. As elsewhere in the region, population aging is occurring. Yet the government welfare and health systems have done little to address the long-term care (LTC) needs of the increasing number of older persons thus leaving families to cope on their own. Our study, based on the 2012 Myanmar Aging Survey, documents the LTC needs of persons aged 60 and older and how they are met within the context of the family. Nearly 40% of persons in their early 60s and 90% of those 80 and older reported at least one physical difficulty...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Sue Yeandle, Lisa Buckner
This article considers recent changes in the incidence of caring among people aged 50-64 in England and the policy context in which these have occurred. After introducing the topic, research questions addressed and methods used, it outlines findings from other research on how older workers experience and manage caring roles. It then sets out relevant public policy developments since carers were first accorded rights to recognition and services in 1995, focusing on workplace support, local services and financial help for people who reduce or quit their paid work to care...
September 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
September 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Isabella Aboderin, Jaco Hoffman
Scientific debate on the interface of work and caregiving responsibilities among older adults is intensifying, yet it has had little resonance in African aging discourses thus far. In this commentary we explore the nature and possible reasons for the gap, and highlight a possible frame, and potential avenues for redressing it as part of an emergent research and policy endeavor on long-term care for older persons.
September 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Kalyani K Mehta, Thang Leng Leng
The well-being of informal caregivers in the familial context is increasingly recognized as a critical area of concern affecting the care of older family members. This paper focuses on the dynamics of family caregiving for older members from the work-life perspective, contextualised in the highly developed and rapidly ageing society that is Singapore. Drawing from qualitative research on 30 adult family caregivers and 15 live-in foreign domestic workers (FDWs), the main themes identified from the qualitative interviews were: 1) Stresses and dilemmas faced by family caregivers; 2) Filial responsibility in the caring for one's parents; 3) Coping with work and caregiving - FDWs in family caregiving; 4) Coping with extra help - hiring of FDWs and challenges...
September 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Judith Phillips, Kate O'Loughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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