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Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849290/contextual-challenges-and-the-mosaic-of-support-understanding-the-vulnerabilities-of-low-income-informal-caregivers-of-dependent-elders-in-singapore
#1
Johan Suen, Leng Leng Thang
Informal caregivers play an increasingly important and demanding role in providing and ensuring long-term care for elders. To date, few studies have qualitatively explored the challenges and coping strategies adopted by informal caregivers of dependent elders from lower-income households in Singapore. Based on data from in-depth interviews with 19 respondents, this study provides detailed and nuanced accounts of the lived experiences of low-income informal caregivers. The strains associated with the scarcity of resources among low-income caregivers are compounded by contextual challenges such as fractured familial relationships, role conflicts, and perceived barriers in their institutional environment...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808814/the-impact-of-being-a-migrant-from-a-non-english-speaking-country-on-healthcare-outcomes-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-australian-study
#2
David Basic, Chris Shanley, Rinaldo Gonzales
The purpose of this prospective study of 2180 consecutive index admissions to an acute geriatric service was to compare in-hospital outcomes of frail older inpatients born in non-English-speaking counties, referred to as culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) countries in Australia, with those born in English-speaking countries. Multivariate logistic regression was used to model in-hospital mortality and new nursing home placement. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to model length of stay...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776116/older-workers-and-care-giving-in-england-the-policy-context-for-older-workers-employment-patterns
#3
Sue Yeandle, Lisa Buckner
This article considers recent changes in the incidence of caring among people aged 50-64 in England and the policy context in which these have occurred. After introducing the topic, research questions addressed and methods used, it outlines findings from other research on how older workers experience and manage caring roles. It then sets out relevant public policy developments since carers were first accorded rights to recognition and services in 1995, focusing on workplace support, local services and financial help for people who reduce or quit their paid work to care...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#4
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726064/research-debate-on-older-carers-and-work-in-sub-saharan-africa-current-gaps-and-future-frames
#5
Isabella Aboderin, Jaco Hoffman
Scientific debate on the interface of work and caregiving responsibilities among older adults is intensifying, yet it has had little resonance in African aging discourses thus far. In this commentary we explore the nature and possible reasons for the gap, and highlight a possible frame, and potential avenues for redressing it as part of an emergent research and policy endeavor on long-term care for older persons.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721576/experiences-of-formal-and-informal-caregivers-of-older-persons-in-singapore
#6
Kalyani K Mehta, Thang Leng Leng
The well-being of informal caregivers in the familial context is increasingly recognized as a critical area of concern affecting the care of older family members. This paper focuses on the dynamics of family caregiving for older members from the work-life perspective, contextualised in the highly developed and rapidly ageing society that is Singapore. Drawing from qualitative research on 30 adult family caregivers and 15 live-in foreign domestic workers (FDWs), the main themes identified from the qualitative interviews were: 1) Stresses and dilemmas faced by family caregivers; 2) Filial responsibility in the caring for one's parents; 3) Coping with work and caregiving - FDWs in family caregiving; 4) Coping with extra help - hiring of FDWs and challenges...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695469/older-workers-and-caregiving-in-a-global-context
#7
EDITORIAL
Judith Phillips, Kate O'Loughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664423/reconciling-work-and-caregiving-responsibilities-among-older-workers-in-new-zealand
#8
Fiona Alpass, Sally Keeling, Joanne Allen, Brendan Stevenson, Christine Stephens
There are 432,000 individuals in New Zealand who provide unpaid care for someone who is ill or disabled and 65% of these carers are also in paid employment. The number of older people in the paid workforce is projected to increase in the next two decades. With the median age of carers in 2013 at 49 years, the ageing of both the population and workforce suggests that many carers may still be in paid work as they themselves age. Family care is an essential part of the health care system. Informal care provides many benefits including improved patient outcomes, reduced unnecessary re-hospitalisations and residential care placements, and considerable savings in health care expenditure...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612171/carer-characteristics-and-health-wellbeing-and-employment-outcomes-of-older-australian-baby-boomers
#9
Kate O'Loughlin, Vanessa Loh, Hal Kendig
Supporting caregivers and enabling continued workforce participation are central strategies in Australia's response to an ageing population, however these strategies have potential disadvantages for carers, particularly women, including reduced workforce participation and retirement income, and poorer health status. This paper explores the nexus between paid work and caregiving for Australia's baby boomer cohort as this group faces unprecedented pressures to manage paid work alongside caring longer and more intensively for family members, including grandchildren...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597353/bringing-the-family-in-through-the-back-door-the-stealthy-expansion-of-family-care-in-asian-and-european-long-term-care-policy
#10
Naonori Kodate, Virpi Timonen
In the era of global ageing, amid political concerns about increasing care needs and long-term sustainability of current care regimes, most high-income economies are seeking to minimise the use of institutional care and to expand formal home care for their older populations. In long-term care reforms, concerns about public funding, formal providers and the paid care workforce are foremost. However, an integral yet hidden part of all these reforms is the stealthily growing role of family carers. This article aims to identify and spell out how developments in formal home care bring about different modes of increasing, encouraging and necessitating family care inputs, across welfare states...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597090/ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-preferred-activities-among-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori-of-advanced-age-in-new-zealand
#11
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Angela Rapson, Mere Kepa, Martin Connolly, Sally Keeling, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Joanna B Broad, Lorna Dyall, Santosh Jatrana, Janine Wiles, Avinesh Pillai, Nick Garrett, Ngaire Kerse
This study explored active aging for older Māori and non-Māori by examining their self-nominated important everyday activities. The project formed part of the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study of aging well in New Zealand. Māori aged 80 to 90 and non-Māori aged 85 were recruited. Of the 937 participants enrolled, 649 answered an open question about their three most important activities. Responses were coded under the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Activities and Participation domains...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530016/assessment-of-caregiving-constructs-toward-a-personal-familial-group-and-cultural-construction-of-dementia-care-through-the-eyes-of-personal-construct-psychology
#12
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528453/issues-of-aging-an-exploration-of-asian-american-families-in-the-southern-region-of-the-united-states-from-the-perspective-of-community-leaders
#13
Suzie S Weng
This paper focuses on older adults and the aging concerns of this population among groups of Asian American communities in a specific state in the southern region of the United States. A qualitative approach was used to gain a more in-depth understanding of issues related to aging from caregivers who are Asian American leaders from a community perspective. Areas of concern identified include intergenerational dynamics, physical and mental health concerns, and the need for a community center and living facility...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523474/perceptions-of-successful-aging-among-older-adults-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#14
Iftekhar Amin
To analyze older adults' definitions of successful aging in Bangladesh. The purposively selected study sample comprised twelve participants who were aged over 60. Interviews using in-depth semi-structured questionnaires were conducted based on participants' chosen mode, either face-to-face, or by phone. Findings of this study support that successful aging is multidimensional - that is - for Bangladeshis successful aging encompasses dimensions such as adaptation to an aging body, financial security, family and intergenerational care, and social participation...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516309/assessing-the-process-of-retirement-a-cross-cultural-review-of-available-measures
#15
Julia C Rafalski, Jack H Noone, Kate O'Loughlin, Alexsandro L de Andrade
Retirement research is now expanding beyond the post-World War II baby boomers' retirement attitudes and plans to include the nature of their workforce exit and how successfully they adjust to their new life. These elements are collectively known as the process of retirement. However, there is insufficient research in developing countries to inform the management of their ageing populations regarding this process. This review aims to facilitate national and cross-cultural research in developing and non-English speaking countries by reviewing the existing measures of the retirement process published in English and Portuguese...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497244/invisible-voices-an-intersectional-exploration-of-quality-of-life-for-elderly-south-asian-immigrant-women-in-a-canadian-sample
#16
Shahid Alvi, Arshia U Zaidi
Despite the emerging presence of South Asian elderly population in Canada, there continues to be a paucity of research concerning the immigration and acculturation experiences of these marginalized elderly populations and their quality of life. This research builds knowledge of the quality of life experiences faced by South Asian elderly immigrant women residing in Canada using an intersectional analytical framework. While there is a gradually developing body of research regarding elder persons globally, the present research is unique in that explores challenges, stresses and strains, and builds an understanding of the treatment of older ethnic minorities and immigrant families...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493065/healthcare-utilization-by-older-age-groups-in-northern-states-of-peninsular-malaysia-the-role-of-predisposing-enabling-and-need-factors
#17
Shamzaeffa Samsudin, Norehan Abdullah
Determining factors that affect healthcare utilization by the elderly is vital for the health system to be more responsive in providing care to this vulnerable group. The main objective of this paper is to identify the effect of the predisposing, enabling, and need factors on doctor visits and in-patient care for the elderly residing in the northern region of Malaysia. A multistage cluster sampling was used in selecting the sample for the study. A total of 1414 respondents aged 60 and over were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478599/alaska-native-elders-in-recovery-linkages-between-indigenous-cultural-generativity-and-sobriety-to-promote-successful-aging
#18
Jordan P Lewis, James Allen
This article builds on the People Awakening (PA) Project, which explored an Alaska Native (AN) understanding of the recovery process from alcohol use disorder and sobriety. The aim of this study is to explore motivating and maintenance factors for sobriety among older AN adult participants (age 50+) from across Alaska. Ten life history narratives of Alaska Native older adults, representing Alutiiq, Athabascan, Tlingit, Yup'ik/Cup'ik Eskimos, from the PA sample were explored using thematic analysis. AN older adults are motivated to abstain from, or to quit drinking alcohol through spirituality, family influence, role socialization and others' role modeling, and a desire to engage in indigenous cultural generative activities with their family and community...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477203/the-role-of-ngos-in-enabling-elderly-activity-and-care-in-the-community-a-case-study-of-silver-wings-in-south-korea
#19
Yunjeong Yang
South Korea is now one of the most rapidly aging societies in the world and meeting the elderly's needs requires a systemic and paradigm change. In this study I argue that community-based care of the elderly in the community should be seen as complementary to, and arguably more fundamental than, enhancing long-term care services per se. Based on qualitative interviews and observations, this paper presents a case study of Silver Wings, the community-based initiative of local non-governmental organization (NGO) Saerom to provide older people's self-help groups with support from HelpAge Korea...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455810/the-role-of-religiousness-spirituality-and-social-networks-in-predicting-depressive-symptoms-among-older-korean-americans
#20
Yeon-Shim Lee, So-Young Park, Soonhee Roh, Harold G Koenig, Grace J Yoo
This study (1) examined the effects of religiousness/spirituality and social networks as predictors of depressive symptoms in older Korean Americans and (2) compared the best predictors of depressive symptoms. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 200 older Korean Americans residing in the New York City area in 2009. Best-subsets regression analyses were used to evaluate the best predictors of depressive symptoms. Nearly 30% of older Korean participants reported mild or severe depressive symptoms. The best model fit for depressive symptoms involved four predictors: physical health status, religious/spiritual coping skills, social networks, and annual household income...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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