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Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530016/assessment-of-caregiving-constructs-toward-a-personal-familial-group-and-cultural-construction-of-dementia-care-through-the-eyes-of-personal-construct-psychology
#1
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528453/issues-of-aging-an-exploration-of-asian-american-families-in-the-southern-region-of-the-united-states-from-the-perspective-of-community-leaders
#2
Suzie S Weng
This paper focuses on older adults and the aging concerns of this population among groups of Asian American communities in a specific state in the southern region of the United States. A qualitative approach was used to gain a more in-depth understanding of issues related to aging from caregivers who are Asian American leaders from a community perspective. Areas of concern identified include intergenerational dynamics, physical and mental health concerns, and the need for a community center and living facility...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523474/perceptions-of-successful-aging-among-older-adults-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#3
Iftekhar Amin
To analyze older adults' definitions of successful aging in Bangladesh. The purposively selected study sample comprised twelve participants who were aged over 60. Interviews using in-depth semi-structured questionnaires were conducted based on participants' chosen mode, either face-to-face, or by phone. Findings of this study support that successful aging is multidimensional - that is - for Bangladeshis successful aging encompasses dimensions such as adaptation to an aging body, financial security, family and intergenerational care, and social participation...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516309/assessing-the-process-of-retirement-a-cross-cultural-review-of-available-measures
#4
Julia C Rafalski, Jack H Noone, Kate O'Loughlin, Alexsandro L de Andrade
Retirement research is now expanding beyond the post-World War II baby boomers' retirement attitudes and plans to include the nature of their workforce exit and how successfully they adjust to their new life. These elements are collectively known as the process of retirement. However, there is insufficient research in developing countries to inform the management of their ageing populations regarding this process. This review aims to facilitate national and cross-cultural research in developing and non-English speaking countries by reviewing the existing measures of the retirement process published in English and Portuguese...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497244/invisible-voices-an-intersectional-exploration-of-quality-of-life-for-elderly-south-asian-immigrant-women-in-a-canadian-sample
#5
Shahid Alvi, Arshia U Zaidi
Despite the emerging presence of South Asian elderly population in Canada, there continues to be a paucity of research concerning the immigration and acculturation experiences of these marginalized elderly populations and their quality of life. This research builds knowledge of the quality of life experiences faced by South Asian elderly immigrant women residing in Canada using an intersectional analytical framework. While there is a gradually developing body of research regarding elder persons globally, the present research is unique in that explores challenges, stresses and strains, and builds an understanding of the treatment of older ethnic minorities and immigrant families...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493065/healthcare-utilization-by-older-age-groups-in-northern-states-of-peninsular-malaysia-the-role-of-predisposing-enabling-and-need-factors
#6
Shamzaeffa Samsudin, Norehan Abdullah
Determining factors that affect healthcare utilization by the elderly is vital for the health system to be more responsive in providing care to this vulnerable group. The main objective of this paper is to identify the effect of the predisposing, enabling, and need factors on doctor visits and in-patient care for the elderly residing in the northern region of Malaysia. A multistage cluster sampling was used in selecting the sample for the study. A total of 1414 respondents aged 60 and over were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478599/alaska-native-elders-in-recovery-linkages-between-indigenous-cultural-generativity-and-sobriety-to-promote-successful-aging
#7
Jordan P Lewis, James Allen
This article builds on the People Awakening (PA) Project, which explored an Alaska Native (AN) understanding of the recovery process from alcohol use disorder and sobriety. The aim of this study is to explore motivating and maintenance factors for sobriety among older AN adult participants (age 50+) from across Alaska. Ten life history narratives of Alaska Native older adults, representing Alutiiq, Athabascan, Tlingit, Yup'ik/Cup'ik Eskimos, from the PA sample were explored using thematic analysis. AN older adults are motivated to abstain from, or to quit drinking alcohol through spirituality, family influence, role socialization and others' role modeling, and a desire to engage in indigenous cultural generative activities with their family and community...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477203/the-role-of-ngos-in-enabling-elderly-activity-and-care-in-the-community-a-case-study-of-silver-wings-in-south-korea
#8
Yunjeong Yang
South Korea is now one of the most rapidly aging societies in the world and meeting the elderly's needs requires a systemic and paradigm change. In this study I argue that community-based care of the elderly in the community should be seen as complementary to, and arguably more fundamental than, enhancing long-term care services per se. Based on qualitative interviews and observations, this paper presents a case study of Silver Wings, the community-based initiative of local non-governmental organization (NGO) Saerom to provide older people's self-help groups with support from HelpAge Korea...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455810/the-role-of-religiousness-spirituality-and-social-networks-in-predicting-depressive-symptoms-among-older-korean-americans
#9
Yeon-Shim Lee, So-Young Park, Soonhee Roh, Harold G Koenig, Grace J Yoo
This study (1) examined the effects of religiousness/spirituality and social networks as predictors of depressive symptoms in older Korean Americans and (2) compared the best predictors of depressive symptoms. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 200 older Korean Americans residing in the New York City area in 2009. Best-subsets regression analyses were used to evaluate the best predictors of depressive symptoms. Nearly 30% of older Korean participants reported mild or severe depressive symptoms. The best model fit for depressive symptoms involved four predictors: physical health status, religious/spiritual coping skills, social networks, and annual household income...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386658/a-social-constructionist-approach-to-diversity-and-social-relations-among-muslim-americans
#10
Kristine J Ajrouch
Social relations among Muslim elders in the U.S. were examined to investigate diversity within an ethnic group whose members share a common religious belief system. Data included a web-based survey (N = 264) and semi-structured interviews (N = 18). A social constructionist perspective was used recognizing that ethnicity is fluid, not static and culture was highlighted as a way of seeing as opposed to a way of being. Regression analysis was conducted using survey data to investigate diversity among Muslims elders concerning social contact and activities...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258333/older-and-younger-african-americans-story-schemas-and-experiences-of-living-with-hiv-aids
#11
Andrea Nevedal, Stewart Neufeld, Mark Luborsky, Andrea Sankar
This paper reports findings from a study that compared older (n = 21, ≥ age 50) and younger (n = 96, ≤ age 49) African Americans' stories (N = 117) of living with HIV/AIDS to determine how they make sense of the experience. The purpose was to: (1) identify and describe the cultural models African Americans use to inform their stories of living with HIV/AIDS, and (2) to compare older and younger adults' HIV stories. To characterize the cultural models engaged in the telling of these HIV stories, we conducted schema analysis...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091847/using-the-newly-developed-floor-sitting-movement-analysis-proforma-to-study-the-effect-of-age-and-activity-on-floor-sitting-in-indian-adults
#12
Anjana Nagrajan, Sebestina A D'Souza
Floor-sitting is culturally relevant to the Indian context. The present study aimed to examine the effect of age and activity on the movement patterns used and time taken to perform floor-sitting in Indian adults. Video-recordings of 30 young (23.30 ± 2.53 years) and 30 older (69.67 ± 6.45 years) adults performing floor-sitting without and with an activity (simulated feeding) were analyzed using the Floor-sitting Movement Analysis Proforma (FMAP) developed for the study. For inter-rater reliability of the FMAP, two raters analyzed the performance of a random sample of 20 participants...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028743/changes-in-home-and-health-over-nine-years-among-very-old-people-in-latvia-results-from-the-enable-age-project
#13
Charlotte Löfqvist, Signe Tomsone, Susanne Iwarsson, Vibeke Horstmann, Maria Haak
To meet the needs of an increasing, heterogeneous, ageing population it is imperative to understand links between home and health. In Latvia, only limited research targeting the health and home situation of very old people is available. Consequently, the aim of this study was to describe how the home environment and aspects of health have changed over nine years between 2002 and 2011 for very old people in Latvia, living in their home environment. This study is based on the Latvian part of the cross-national European ENABLE-AGE Project comprising data on objective, as well as perceived, aspects of home and health...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013425/the-impact-of-cuban-economic-reform-on-older-persons
#14
David L Strug
This paper discusses the economic reforms initiated by Cuban President Raúl Castro in 2008 and its effect on the country's fast-growing, vulnerable population of older persons 60+ years of age. Cubans are living longer and the country has a very low birthrate. These two factors combined have reduced the proportion of the population in the work force. This adversely affects the economy. Population aging is a major reason why the government has introduced structural reforms and reduced social spending, which have weakened the welfare state on which older persons depend...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613058/finding-a-sense-of-home-across-the-pacific-in-old-age-chinese-american-senior-s-report-of-life-satisfaction-in-a-foreign-land
#15
Heying Jenny Zhan, Qi Wang, Zoe Fawcett, Xiaoqing Li, Xiying Fan
Finding a sense of home for international migrants is challenging. It is even more so for older adults who migrate to a foreign country later in life to follow their adult children. This study examines Chinese immigrant elders' report of their sense of home and life-satisfaction. Based on 21 intensive interviews and107 surveys with elderly immigrants of Chinese descent, this research finds that a comfortable living condition in a natural and built environment contribute to Chinese elders' narrative of a sense of home...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541156/validation-of-a-chinese-version-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-scale-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-mainland-china
#16
Xiao-Ling Lin, Da-Li Lu, Juliana Gottschling, Daniel L Segal, Si-Yuan Tang
The Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS) was developed as an international screening instrument for anxiety in older adults. The aims of the present study were to translate the GAS into Chinese and to subsequently evaluate the preliminary psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the GAS (GAS-C) among community-dwelling Chinese older adults. The translation of the GAS into Chinese was developed through a translation and back translation process. A sample of 206 community-dwelling older adults (51.9 % men, Mean age = 70...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484326/socioeconomic-status-health-behaviors-obesity-and-self-rated-health-among-older-arabs-in-israel
#17
R N Rabia Khalaila
Socioeconomic inequalities in health are well documented. Recently, researchers have shown interest in exploring the mechanisms by which measures of SES operate through it to impact SRH, such as material, psychosocial and behavioral factors. To examine the relationships between SES indicators and self-rated health (SRH); and to determine whether health behaviors and obesity mediate the association between SES indicators and SRH. A secondary analysis of data previously collected through the third survey of socioeconomic and health status of the Arab population in Israel, in which the SRH of 878 Arab-Israelis age 50 or older were analyzed using logistic regression...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465414/rearing-generations-lakota-grandparents-commitment-to-family-and-community
#18
Mary Kate Dennis, Joseph P Brewer
Disproportionately, American Indian grandparents assume the responsibility of raising their grandchildren. Few studies have examined the experiences of American Indian grandparents living on reservations. Utilizing Indigenous Methodologies and exploratory, in-depth interviews with 25 Lakota elders living on the reservation. This study explored the realities of raising grandchildren including: reasons they began caring for their grandchildren, challenges they face, and they reveal the care and concern for the broader community's grandchildren within the cultural and social context of the reservation...
March 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682893/culturally-relevant-physical-activity-through-elders-in-motion-physical-activity-programming-for-older-aboriginal-adults-in-the-northwest-territories-canada
#19
Lauren A Brooks-Cleator, Audrey R Giles
The 2011 National Household Survey found that the number of Aboriginal peoples in Canada aged 65 and over has increased by over 46 % since the 2006 Canadian Census (Statistics Canada 2011). Despite this dramatic increase in older Aboriginal peoples, there is a dearth of research concerning this cohort, especially regarding their engagement with physical activity. Using a case study methodology, this research sought to examine if the Northwest Territories (NWT) Recreation and Parks Association's (NWTRPA) Elders in Motion (EIM) program is culturally relevant for the participants...
December 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637514/homeownership-among-older-adults-in-urban-china-the-importance-of-institutional-factors
#20
Danan Gu, Yin Yin, Junshan Zhou, Jessica Sautter, Li Qiu
Homeownership is a key element to maintain social welfare and stability in an aging society. Yet, the existing literature on homeownership does not adequately address non-Western cultures and institutional factors. We used two nationwide surveys in 2006 and 2010 to investigate how institutional factors are associated with homeownership among older adults in China. Institutional factors were measured by proxy measures of job seniority, political status, type of work units, and hierarchy of cities. After controlling for demographics, resources, health needs, neighborhood characteristics, and cultural factors, we found that homeownership was strongly associated with these institutional factors among the current cohorts of older adults in China...
December 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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