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Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology

Shaan Gupta, Emmanuelle Bélanger, Susan P Phillips
John Henry (JH) theory provides a framework for understanding the physiological toll exerted on low socioeconomic status (SES) individuals as they overcome psychosocial stressors imposed by their environments. This theory suggests that resilience, a seemingly positive social adaptation, may in fact be physically deleterious. JH theory has been well-described in low-SES rural male African Americans, however it is currently unclear whether validity of this theory extends to women, other races and outside the rural US...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Conor Martin, Bob Woods, Siôn Williams
The loss of language skills is one of the most challenging aspects of living with dementia. This is particularly true for bilingual individuals, who have difficulty in maintaining fluency in more than one language. Language and culture overlap greatly, with potential implications for the well-being of people with dementia (PWD) being cared for in their 'second' language or culture. Our aim was to review the available relevant literature, together with an examination of the potential effects of linguistic incongruity on healthcare in general for Welsh speakers in Wales...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Cristiano S Gomes, Catherine M Pirkle, Juliana F S Barbosa, Afshin Vafaei, Saionara M A Câmara, Ricardo O Guerra
Frailty at older ages is an adverse health condition that is more prevalent in women than men and the excess prevalence in women cannot be adequately explained by common risk factors. Reproductive history events may be among contributing factors. This study aims to examine associations between age at first childbirth, lifetime parity, and history of hysterectomy with frailty status in community dwelling older women. This is a cross-sectional study of 1047 women participating in the International Mobility in Aging Study at baseline (2012, aged between 65 and 74 years old)...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Stephen Neville, Valerie Wright-St Clair, Jed Montayre, Jeffery Adams, Peter Larmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Seungah H Lee, Kimberly J Johnson, Jiyoung Lyu
This study was a cross-sectional investigation of volunteer activity among four distinct Asian ethnic subgroups-Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Vietnamese-who have immigrated to the United States. Data from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) were used with an analytic sample of Chinese (n = 547), Filipino (n = 229), Korean (n = 490), and Vietnamese (n = 546) adults 50 and older. A series of logistic regression models were estimated to examine differences and similarities across the four ethnic groups in volunteer activity...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Emiley Chang, Sarah Choi, Ivy Kwon, Daniel Araiza, Mignon Moore, Laura Trejo, Catherine Sarkisian
We described and compared seniors' stroke-related health beliefs among four racial/ethnic communities to inform a culturally-tailored stroke prevention walking intervention. Specific attention was paid to how seniors combined pathophysiology-based biomedical beliefs with non-biomedical beliefs. We conducted twelve language-concordant, structured focus groups with African American, Chinese American, Korean American, and Latino seniors aged 60 years and older with a history of hypertension (n = 132) to assess stroke-related health beliefs...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Isok Kim, Suk-Young Kang, Wooksoo Kim
Older Asian immigrants are one of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. population and a growing number of them reside in non-traditional destination cities. However, there is a paucity of research on older Asian immigrants living in these non-traditional destination cities, and how this residential choice impacts their stress and mental health. In the current study, we examined how stressors and social support contribute to the overall mental health of older Asian immigrants who lack access to culturally responsive formal social support services...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Shoba Nayar, Valerie A Wright-St Clair
This study sought to uncover the process through which older Chinese, Indian and Korean immigrants residing in Auckland, New Zealand contribute to, and participate in, local community. There is a paucity of literature addressing the everyday activities of older Asian immigrants living in New Zealand. The few studies that do exist focus solely on one ethnic group with little discussion of how community participation occurs. Grounded theory methodology was employed. Focus groups and individual interviews with 76 Chinese, Indian or Korean older immigrants were recorded, transcribed, translated, and analysed using grounded theory methods of dimensional analysis to develop a theory of participation...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Ojo Melvin Agunbiade, Dimeji Togunde
Emerging evidence has shown a gradual increase in sexually transmitted infections among elderly. This study explores the views of elderly Yoruba men and women (60+) on condoms use and its suitability against sexual infections. The research design was a sequential exploratory mixed method that consisted of vignettes based focus group discussion and a structured questionnaire. Twelve vignettes based Focus Group Discussion and a survey of 252 elderly Yoruba people (aged 60+) were carried out. The findings revealed limited awareness and experience with condoms...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Emily H Eckemoff, S Sudha, Dan Wang
This pilot study examined immigrant Russian seniors and adult children's views on end-of-life care, and hospice staff members' experiences providing care to diverse immigrant clients, in areas of North Carolina with a high proportion of immigrants. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews with informants, including Russian immigrant seniors, Russian adult children, and hospice staff, and analyzed by qualitative techniques. Findings indicate that there is little awareness of end-of-life care options among the Russian immigrant community in North Carolina...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Agus Surachman, Anne B Edwards, Kathryn A Sweeney, Ralph L Cherry
This study analyzes mothers' preference of a future primary caregiver by using within-family analysis approach in the context of Sundanese population in rural West Java, Indonesia. This is a cross-sectional study involving healthy mothers (60-69 years old) with a perfect score of Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL), and who had at least two living children. The within-family analysis of a selection of future caregivers was conducted based on the report from 177 mothers of their 904 children using multilevel modeling with binomial outcome...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Jordan P Lewis, Keri Boyd, James Allen, Stacy Rasmus, Tammy Henderson
This study explores continuity and change in the roles of rural Alaska Native grandparents, describing their importance in contemporary Yup'ik social life and structure. The study is distinctive in its focus on the experiences of Yup'ik grandparents who are primary caregivers raising their grandchildren in Southwest Alaska. Qualitative data were gathered using a semi-structured interview from 20 Yup'ik grandparents, ages 46 to 95, who raised their grandchildren as the primary caregiver for at least one year...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Gina M McCaskill, Kathleen A Bolland, Cynthia J Brown, T Mark Beasley
Physical inactivity among older adults around the world is a growing concern. In the United States, older African Americans report high levels of physical inactivity, especially older African Americans with chronic conditions. This study examined the influence of chronic conditions on aerobic activity among a sample of community-dwelling, older African Americans with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions, such as hypertension and arthritis. Findings indicate that regardless of age, the number of chronic conditions was a significant influence in self-report of aerobic activity...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Mirkka Söderman, Sirpa Rosendahl, Christina Sällström
BACKGROUND: The total number of people with dementia symptoms is expected to double every 20 years and there will also be an increase in the number of older immigrants in several countries. There are considerable deficiencies in the present knowledge of how to conduct well-functioning health care for immigrants with dementia symptoms. The aim of this study was to explore caring and uncaring encounters between assistant nurses and immigrants in two group homes for persons with dementia symptoms in Sweden: a Finnish-speaking as well as a Swedish-speaking context...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Leng Leng Thang, Wei-Jun Jean Yeung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Lihong Shi
This article explores an emerging trend among young and middle-aged rural couples in Northeast China who have purchased recently marketized commercial insurance as a way to prepare for self-support in old age. It discusses how the commercial insurance industry has created a rural elder-care market among a population that traditionally relied on family for support in old age. It also delves into the ways in which the transformations of intergenerational exchange and family structure and a lack of health care access have contributed to the preparation for self-support in old age and have thus fostered the creation of a rural elder-care market for the insurance industry...
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Zhipeng Gao, Katherine Bischoping
To people familiar with Confucian teachings about revering elders, it may be surprising that, over the last decade and a half, a discourse has emerged and spread widely in China in which elders are denigrated as out-of-date and corrupt. Using newspaper articles, commentaries and videos, this paper first traces the emergence of intergenerational conflicts over bus seats, along with related phenomena that have become flashpoints in the new elder-blaming discourse. Second, this paper delineates and challenges popular and academic notions that intergenerational differences in values and dispositions entirely account for intergenerational conflict...
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, John Knodel
Myanmar is one of the poorest and least healthy countries in Southeast Asia. As elsewhere in the region, population aging is occurring. Yet the government welfare and health systems have done little to address the long-term care (LTC) needs of the increasing number of older persons thus leaving families to cope on their own. Our study, based on the 2012 Myanmar Aging Survey, documents the LTC needs of persons aged 60 and older and how they are met within the context of the family. Nearly 40% of persons in their early 60s and 90% of those 80 and older reported at least one physical difficulty...
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Johan Suen, Leng Leng Thang
Informal caregivers play an increasingly important and demanding role in providing and ensuring long-term care for elders. To date, few studies have qualitatively explored the challenges and coping strategies adopted by informal caregivers of dependent elders from lower-income households in Singapore. Based on data from in-depth interviews with 19 respondents, this study provides detailed and nuanced accounts of the lived experiences of low-income informal caregivers. The strains associated with the scarcity of resources among low-income caregivers are compounded by contextual challenges such as fractured familial relationships, role conflicts, and perceived barriers in their institutional environment...
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Yunjeong Yang
South Korea is now one of the most rapidly aging societies in the world and meeting the elderly's needs requires a systemic and paradigm change. In this study I argue that community-based care of the elderly in the community should be seen as complementary to, and arguably more fundamental than, enhancing long-term care services per se. Based on qualitative interviews and observations, this paper presents a case study of Silver Wings, the community-based initiative of local non-governmental organization (NGO) Saerom to provide older people's self-help groups with support from HelpAge Korea...
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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