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Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681836/erratum-global-eradication-of-measles-are-we-poised
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_16_233.].
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681835/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-and-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-a-5-year-analysis
#2
LETTER
Malavalli Venkatesh Bhavana, Sangeeta Joshi, Ranjeeta Adhikary, Hosdurg Bhaskar Beena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681834/inconsistency-in-disk-diffusion-while-testing-carbapenems-in-chryseobacterium-spp
#3
LETTER
Vivek Hada, Anuradha Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681833/oncogenic-human-papillomavirus-types-in-a-high-risk-population
#4
LETTER
Mahima Lall, Pankaj Kumar, Aashish Choudhary, Lalit Dar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681832/hepatitis-b-vaccination-for-healthcare-workers
#5
LETTER
Sadia Khan, Anil Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681831/impact-factor-an-important-parameter-to-decide-the-quality-of-publication
#6
LETTER
B S Nagoba, N M Suryawanshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681830/isolation-of-salmonella-typhi-from-high-vaginal-swab-in-a-case-of-septic-abortion
#7
Pragnya Paramita Jena, Shalini Dewan Duggal, Avinash Kumar, Tanisha Bharara, Abha Sharma, Renu Gur
Salmonella Typhi can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnant females with adverse outcomes. Risk of infections increases manifold during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and immunological phenomena. S. Typhi has the ability to cross placenta (vertical transmission) resulting in miscarriage, stillbirth or premature labour. We report a case of a pregnant female who was admitted to emergency department with fever, missed abortion and hypovolaemic shock. Subsequently, S. Typhi was isolated from her high vaginal swab and blood cultures...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681829/molecular-characterisation-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#8
Arindam Chakraborty, Prabha Adhikari, Shalini Shenoy, Vishwas Saralaya
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) express a multitude of virulence factors (VFs) to break the inertia of the mucosal barrier of the urinary tract. The aim of the present study was undertaken to characterised the UPEC strains and to correlate carriage of specific virulence markers with different phylogroups and also to correlate these findings with clinical outcome of patients. A total of 156 non-repeated, clinically significant UPEC isolates were studied. Virulent genes were determined by two set of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681828/development-and-evaluation-of-a-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-combined-with-au-nanoprobe-assay-for-rapid-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#9
Thongchai Kaewphinit, Jutturong Ckumdee, Kosum Chansiri, Somchai Santiwatanakul
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has been proposed as an inexpensive and easy to perform assay for molecular diagnostics. We present a novel strategy for the detection of LAMP amplicons derived from Mycobacterium tuberculosis by the use of Au-nanoprobes. When applied to a total of 93 clinical specimens, the LAMP assay demonstrated sensitivity and specificity higher than that of polymerase chain reaction and culture. The Au-nanoprobe augmented LAMP test platform with its advantages of robust reagents and a simple colorimetric detection method can be adapted easily for the rapid detection of other infectious disease agents at a low cost...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681827/exploring-the-prescribing-behaviours-and-the-mind-of-antibiotic-prescribers-is-critical-for-a-successful-antibiotic-stewardship-programme-results-of-a-survey-from-eastern-india
#10
Nikhila Ravi, Anirban Laha, Lalawmpuia Hmar, Suddhasatwya Chatterjee, Jyotsna Goswami, Gaurav Goel, Kingshuk Dhar, Tanushree Ghosh, Soumyadip Chatterjee, Soumitra Shankar Datta, Sanjay Bhattacharya
Quantitative and qualitative analysis were used to ascertain practices, perceptions and barriers about antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) in an oncology hospital in eastern India. In 2014 and 2017, 62% and 69.1% of the patients audited were found to be on anti infective medications respectively. Nearly 47% of patients in the study group (2014) who were on therapeutic antibiotics had an average cost of $46.48 per patient per day (inter-quartile range: $17.23-$94.76). Antibiotic related consultations from clinical microbiologists, was found to be in demand, and education of prescribers and policymakers was identified as critical to the success of ASP...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681826/prevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-viral-pathogens-among-health-care-workers-and-risk-mitigation-programme-in-a-paediatric-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Charu Nayyar, Rushika Saksena, Vikas Manchanda
The health-care workers (HCWs) are at an occupational risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens, mainly, HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus. HBV is currently the only blood-borne virus for which a vaccine is available. All health-care institutions must encourage the HCWs to undergo screening for blood-borne pathogens.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681825/co-circulation-of-all-four-dengue-virus-serotypes-first-report-from-odisha
#12
Baijayantimala Mishra, Jyotirmayee Turuk, Subhra Jyoti Sahu, Atul Khajuria, Subrat Kumar, Anupam Dey, Ashok Kumar Praharaj
The present report describes the detection of co-circulation of all the four dengue serotypes along with rarely detected dengue viruses (DENVs)-4 for the first time in Odisha. One hundred and forty-eight blood samples were tested for dengue NS1 antigen ELISA and IgM antibody (Ab), and twenty early samples were subjected for type-specific multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Twenty-three samples found positive for dengue NS1 and/or IgM Ab; five were positive by RT-PCR. DENV-4 was detected in one sample, DENV-2 in two and 2 were co-infected with DENV-1 and 3...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681824/levels-of-circulating-immune-complexes-containing-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-specific-antigens-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-sarcoidosis-patients
#13
B Goyal, J A Sheikh, R Agarwal, I Verma
The present study was conducted to understand the aetiological link between tuberculosis (TB) and sarcoidosis. Sera from smear-positive TB subjects (n = 24), smear-negative TB subjects (n = 24), sarcoidosis patients (n = 24) and healthy controls (n = 24) were collected and circulating immune complexes were isolated. Sandwich ELISA was performed for detecting four highly specific mycobacterial regions of difference (RD) proteins (early secretory antigenic target 6 [ESAT6], 10 KDa culture filtrate protein [CFP10], 21 KDa CFP [CFP21] and mycobacterial protein from species TB [MPT 64])...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681823/comparative-analysis-of-syndromic-case-management-and-polymerase-chain-reaction-based-diagnostic-assays-for-treatment-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-genital-mycoplasmas-in-patients-of-genitourinary-discharge
#14
Nazneen Arif, Sujeesh Sebastian, Neena Khanna, Seema Sood, Benu Dhawan
To respond to the situation of high prevalence and need for effective treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in low-resource settings, syndromic diagnostic approach was recommended by the World Health Organization and was adopted by National AIDS Control Organization at the primary health centre level. A retrospective study was undertaken in symptomatic patients attending an STI clinic to validate the syndromic approach for genitourinary discharge syndrome. For aetiological diagnosis, culture and/or polymerase chain reaction was used...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681822/emergence-of-rmtc-and-rmtf-16s-rrna-methyltransferase-in-clinical-isolates-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#15
Lavanya Mohanam, Thangam Menon
Occurrence of aminoglycoside (AG) resistance in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is investigated in this study. Antimicrobial susceptibility test and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for amikacin and gentamicin were performed followed by polymerase chain reaction amplifications of AG modifying enzyme genes (aac(6´)-I, aac(6´)-II, aac(3)-II/VI, ant(2´´)-I, aph(3´)-VI) and 16S methylases (rmtA-D, rmtF and armA). MIC50and MIC90were 64, 128 and > 256, >256 for amikacin and gentamicin, respectively...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681821/risk-factors-and-frequency-of-tuberculosis-associated-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-among-hiv-tuberculosis-co-infected-patients-in-southern-india
#16
Ramachandran Vignesh, Chinnambedu R Swathirajan, Sunil S Solomon, Esaki Muthu Shankar, Kailapuri G Murugavel
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) continues to be a complication in HIV/tuberculosis (TB) co-infected patients initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with developing IRIS to identify a possible biomarker to predict or diagnose IRIS in patients initiating HAART. A total of 175 HIV/TB co-infected patients initiating HAART were followed up longitudinally during September 2010 to May 2013 attending a HIV care clinic in Chennai...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681820/changing-epidemiology-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-in-normal-flora-of-skin
#17
Vikas Gautam, Nandini Sethuraman, Ramanpreet Kaur, Suchet Sachdev, Neelam Marwaha, Pallab Ray
Coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) have recently emerged as important pathogens causing nosocomial blood stream infections. To evaluate the prevalence of CoNS in cutaneous normal flora, skin swabs were collected from voluntary blood donors and processed for culture and identification using matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight (MALDI-TOF). CoNS were isolated from 96% of blood donors, most commonly Staphylococcus hominis (86%), followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis (22%) and Staphylococcus haemolyticus (9%)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681819/genome-sequence-of-an-invasive-strain-of-streptococcus-gordonii
#18
Thangam Menon, V Naveen Kumar
We report the genome sequence of IE35, a strain of Streptococcus gordonii isolated from the blood of a patient with prosthetic valve endocarditis. Whole-genome sequencing of S. gordonii IE35 strain by the combination of Illumina HiSeq2000 paired-end, Ion Torrent single-end sequencing and gap closing by Illumina NextSeq yielded a single, circular chromosome of 2,190,105 bp. It had 2106 predicted coding sequences, of which 2014 genes encoded proteins involved in various cellular processes and 66 genes coded for RNA...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681818/molecular-identification-and-phenotypic-characterisation-of-sporothrix-globosa-from-clinical-cases-of-eastern-assam-north-east-india
#19
Reema Nath, Pinky Lahon, Longmindar Timung
Sporotrichosis is known to be endemic in the state of Assam, North-east India, which is situated in the Sub-Himalayan region. This disease is an acute or chronic infection caused by Sporothrix schenckii species complex which currently includes several species of clinical relevance such as Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto, Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix mexicana, Sporothrix pallida and Sporothrix luriei. S. globosa is the prevalent species in India. Eight culture-positive patients were diagnosed from suspected consecutive cases of two lymphocutaneous and six fixed cutaneous forms over a period of 4 years in a clinical mycology laboratory of a tertiary care centre in Eastern Assam...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681817/the-evaluation-of-interferon-lambda-4-rs368234815-as-a-predictor-factor-in-treated-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-1a-infection
#20
Shahram Jalilian, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Manoochehr Makvandi, Ali Teimoori, Azarakhsh Azaran, Mehdi Parsanahad, Gholamabas Kayedani
CONTEXT: Host factors including single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in or near interferon lambda (IFNL) gene are the important factors in predicting response to treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and association of IFNL4 rs368234815 with IFNL3 SNPs rs12979860, rs8099917 and other factors including cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, fibrosis, viral load, age and body mass index in genotype 1a treated CHC patients, to achieve rapid virologic response (RVR) and sustained virologic response (SVR)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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