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Journal of Biological Rhythms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730962/geographical-origin-delayed-implantation-and-induced-ovulation-explain-reproductive-seasonality-in-the-carnivora
#1
Sandra A Heldstab, Dennis W H Müller, Sereina M Graber, Laurie Bingaman Lackey, Eberhard Rensch, Jean-Michel Hatt, Philipp Zerbe, Marcus Clauss
Patterns of reproductive seasonality in the Carnivora are difficult to study comparatively, due to limited numbers of species for which information is available. Long-term databases of captive populations could overcome this difficulty. We apply a categorical description and a quantitative high-resolution measure (birth peak breadth, the number of days in which 80% of all births occur) based on daily observations in captivity to characterize the degree of reproductive seasonality in the Carnivora for 114 species with on average 1357 births per species...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665713/a-clockwork-wikipedia-from-a-broad-perspective-to-a-case-study
#2
Omer Benjakob, Rona Aviram
While research has shown that scientists use Wikipedia and that scientific content on Wikipedia ramifies back into scientific literature, many questions remain on how the two sides interact and through what paradigm this dynamic may be best understood. Using the circadian clock field as a case study, we discuss this scientific field's representation on Wikipedia. We traced the changes made to the articles for "Circadian clock" and "Circadian rhythm" and reviewed the debates that informed them over a span of a decade, using Wikipedia's native and third-party tools...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635963/tau-independent-phase-analysis-a-novel-method-for-accurately-determining-phase-shifts
#3
Michael C Tackenberg, Jeff R Jones, Terry L Page, Jacob J Hughey
Estimations of period and phase are essential in circadian biology. While many techniques exist for estimating period, comparatively few methods are available for estimating phase. Current approaches to analyzing phase often vary between studies and are sensitive to coincident changes in period and the stage of the circadian cycle at which the stimulus occurs. Here we propose a new technique, tau-independent phase analysis (TIPA), for quantifying phase shifts in multiple types of circadian time-course data...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618281/melatonin-independent-photoperiodic-entrainment-of-the-circannual-tsh-rhythm-in-the-pars-tuberalis-of-the-european-hamster
#4
Cristina Sáenz de Miera, Dominique Sage-Ciocca, Valérie Simonneaux, Paul Pévet, Stefanie Monecke
Adaptation of biological rhythms to a seasonal environment in circannual mammals is achieved via the synchronization of intrinsic circannual rhythms to the external year by photoperiod. In mammals, the photoperiodic information is integrated to seasonal physiology via the pineal hormone melatonin regulation of pars tuberalis (PT) TSHβ expression and its downstream control of hypothalamic dio2 gene expression. In the circannual European hamster, however, photoperiodic entrainment of the circannual clock is possible in pinealectomized animals...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614896/modeling-strengthens-molecular-link-between-circadian-polymorphisms-and-major-mood-disorders
#5
Amanda R Liberman, Lumbardh Halitjaha, Ahmet Ay, Krista K Ingram
Anxiety and other mood disorders, such as major depressive disorder (MDD) and seasonal affective disorder (SAD), affect nearly one-fifth of the global population and disproportionately affect young adults. Individuals affected by mood disorders are frequently plagued by sleep and circadian problems, and recent genetic studies provide ample support for the association of circadian and sleep syndromes with depression and anxiety. Mathematical modeling has been crucial in understanding some of the essential features of the mammalian circadian clock and is now a vital tool for dissecting how circadian genes regulate the molecular mechanisms that influence mood...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589522/the-circadian-clock-of-the-ant-camponotus-floridanus-is-localized-in-dorsal-and-lateral-neurons-of-the-brain
#6
Janina Kay, Pamela Menegazzi, Stephanie Mildner, Flavio Roces, Charlotte Helfrich-Förster
The circadian clock of social insects has become a focal point of interest for research, as social insects show complex forms of timed behavior and organization within their colonies. These behaviors include brood care, nest maintenance, foraging, swarming, defense, and many other tasks, of which several require social synchronization and accurate timing. Ants of the genus Camponotus have been shown to display a variety of daily timed behaviors such as the emergence of males from the nest, foraging, and relocation of brood...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589511/circadian-rhythms-and-reproductive-phenology-covary-in-a-natural-plant-population
#7
Matti J Salmela, Robby L McMinn, Carmela R Guadagno, Brent E Ewers, Cynthia Weinig
The circadian clock is a molecular timekeeper that matches endogenous rhythms in diverse traits with 24-h cycles in the external environment. Although a lack of clock resonance to the environment is detrimental to performance, clock phenotypes in wild populations nevertheless deviate substantially from the predicted optimal cycle length of 24 h, and significant genetic variation exists for circadian parameters. Here, we describe covariation between 2 traits considered to reflect adaptation to different aspects of temporal environmental heterogeneity, circadian rhythms (adaptation to daily environmental cycles) and flowering time (adaptation to seasonal cycles), in a Rocky Mountain population of the mustard Boechera stricta, a North American relative of Arabidopsis thaliana...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761750/obesity-disrupts-rhythmic-clock-gene-expression-in-maternal-adipose-tissue-during-rat-pregnancy
#8
Rachael C Crew, Peter J Mark, Brendan J Waddell
Obesity during pregnancy causes numerous maternal and fetal health complications, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Adipose tissue dysfunction in obesity has previously been linked to disruption of the intrinsic adipose clock gene network that is crucial for normal metabolic function. This adipose clock also undergoes major change as part of the maternal metabolic adaptation to pregnancy, but whether this is affected by maternal obesity is unknown. Consequently, in this study we tested the hypothesis that obesity disturbs rhythmic gene expression in maternal adipose tissue across pregnancy...
June 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761749/effects-of-light-and-temperature-on-daily-activity-and-clock-gene-expression-in-two-mosquito-disease-vectors
#9
Gustavo B S Rivas, Rayane Teles-de-Freitas, Márcio G Pavan, José B P Lima, Alexandre A Peixoto, Rafaela Vieira Bruno
Most organisms feature an endogenous circadian clock capable of synchronization with their environment. The most well-known synchronizing agents are light and temperature. The circadian clock of mosquitoes, vectors of many pathogens, drives important behaviors related to vectoral capacity, including oviposition, host seeking, and hematophagy. Main clock gene expression, as well as locomotor activity patterns, has been identified in Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus under artificial light-dark cycles...
June 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671710/functionally-complete-excision-of-conditional-alleles-in-the-mouse-suprachiasmatic-nucleus-by-vgat-ires-cre
#10
David R Weaver, Vincent van der Vinne, E Lela Giannaris, Thomas J Vajtay, Kristopher L Holloway, Christelle Anaclet
Mice with targeted gene disruption have provided important information about the molecular mechanisms of circadian clock function. A full understanding of the roles of circadian-relevant genes requires manipulation of their expression in a tissue-specific manner, ideally including manipulation with high efficiency within the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). To date, conditional manipulation of genes within the SCN has been difficult. In a previously developed mouse line, Cre recombinase was inserted into the vesicular GABA transporter (Vgat) locus...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671709/regulation-of-the-neuroligin-1-gene-by-clock-transcription-factors
#11
Lydia Hannou, Erika Bélanger-Nelson, Emma K O'Callaghan, Julien Dufort-Gervais, Maria Neus Ballester Roig, Pierre-Gabriel Roy, Jean-Martin Beaulieu, Nicolas Cermakian, Valérie Mongrain
NEUROLIGIN-1 (NLGN1) is a postsynaptic adhesion molecule involved in the regulation of glutamatergic transmission. It has been associated with several features of sleep and psychiatric disorders. Our previous work suggested that transcription of the Nlgn1 gene could be regulated by the transcription factors CLOCK and BMAL1 because they bind to the Nlgn1 gene promoter in vivo. However, whether CLOCK/BMAL1 can directly activate Nlgn1 transcription is not yet known. We thus aimed to verify whether CLOCK/BMAL1, as well as their homologs NPAS2 and BMAL2, can activate transcription via the Nlgn1 promoter by using luciferase assays in COS-7 cells...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671708/serge-daan
#12
Roelof A Hut, Menno P Gerkema, Domien G M Beersma, Joost M Tinbergen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671707/prediction-of-cognitive-performance-and-subjective-sleepiness-using-a-model-of-arousal-dynamics
#13
Svetlana Postnova, Steven W Lockley, Peter A Robinson
A model of arousal dynamics is applied to predict objective performance and subjective sleepiness measures, including lapses and reaction time on a visual Performance Vigilance Test (vPVT), performance on a mathematical addition task (ADD), and the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS). The arousal dynamics model is comprised of a physiologically based flip-flop switch between the wake- and sleep-active neuronal populations and a dynamic circadian oscillator, thus allowing prediction of sleep propensity. Published group-level experimental constant routine (CR) and forced desynchrony (FD) data are used to calibrate the model to predict performance and sleepiness...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671706/circadian-regulation-of-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-retinal-photoreceptors
#14
Janet Ya-An Chang, Liheng Shi, Michael L Ko, Gladys Y-P Ko
Energy expenditure and metabolism in the vertebrate retina are under circadian control, as we previously reported that the overall retinal ATP content and various signaling molecules related to metabolism display daily or circadian rhythms. Changes in the fission and fusion process of mitochondria, the major organelles producing ATP, in retinal photoreceptors are largely dependent on light exposure, but whether mitochondrial dynamics in photoreceptors and retinal neurons are under circadian control is not clear...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463186/daily-profiles-of-light-exposure-and-evening-use-of-light-emitting-devices-in-young-adults-complaining-of-a-delayed-sleep-schedule
#15
Solenne Van der Maren, Christophe Moderie, Catherine Duclos, Jean Paquet, Véronique Daneault, Marie Dumont
A number of factors can contribute to a delayed sleep schedule. An important factor could be a daily profile of light exposure favoring a later circadian phase. This study aimed to compare light exposure between 14 young adults complaining of a delayed sleep schedule and 14 matched controls and to identify possible associations between habitual light exposure and circadian phase. Exposure to white and blue light was recorded with ambulatory monitors for 7 consecutive days. Participants also noted their daily use of light-emitting devices before bedtime...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444612/circadian-clock-synchronization-of-the-cell-cycle-in-zebrafish-occurs-through-a-gating-mechanism-rather-than-a-period-phase-locking-process
#16
Ricardo Laranjeiro, T Katherine Tamai, William Letton, Noémie Hamilton, David Whitmore
Studies from a number of model systems have shown that the circadian clock controls expression of key cell cycle checkpoints, thus providing permissive or inhibitory windows in which specific cell cycle events can occur. However, a major question remains: Is the clock actually regulating the cell cycle through such a gating mechanism or, alternatively, is there a coupling process that controls the speed of cell cycle progression? Using our light-responsive zebrafish cell lines, we address this issue directly by synchronizing the cell cycle in culture simply by changing the entraining light-dark (LD) cycle in the incubator without the need for pharmacological intervention...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415605/a-semi-natural-approach-for-studying-seasonal-diapause-in-drosophila-melanogaster-reveals-robust-photoperiodicity
#17
Dóra Nagy, Gabriele Andreatta, Stefano Bastianello, Ane Martín Anduaga, Gabriella Mazzotta, Charalambos P Kyriacou, Rodolfo Costa
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster survives thermally stressful conditions in a state of reproductive dormancy (diapause), manifested by reduced metabolic activity and arrested ovarian development in females. Unlike insects that rely primarily on photoperiodic stimuli to initiate the diapause program, in this species dormancy is regulated by low temperature and enhanced by shorter photoperiods. Overwintering phenotypes are usually studied under simple laboratory conditions, where animals are exposed to rectangular light-dark (LD) cycles at a constant temperature...
April 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432701/plasticity-of-light-induced-concurrent-glutamatergic-and-gabaergic-quantal-events-in-the-suprachiasmatic-nucleus
#18
Juan Cheng, Xu Huang, Yue Liang, Tian Xue, Liecheng Wang, Jin Bao
Neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) exhibit circadian variation in their neuronal activities. Here, we show that their input synapses undergo daily regulation. We discovered daily variation in the frequencies, but not the peak amplitudes, of miniature postsynaptic currents (mPSCs) for both glutamatergic and GABAergic synapses. In addition, the changes in the frequencies of mPSCs from glutamatergic and GABAergic synapses were antiphasic: An increase in the glutamatergic mPSC frequency and a decrease in the GABAergic mPSC frequency co-occurred during the dark phase of the light-dark cycle...
February 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281921/circadian-clearance-of-a-fungal-pathogen-from-the-lung-is-not-based-on-cell-intrinsic-macrophage-rhythms
#19
Shan Chen, Kevin K Fuller, Jay C Dunlap, Jennifer J Loros
Circadian rhythms govern immune cell function, giving rise to time-of-day variation in the recognition and clearance of bacterial or viral pathogens; to date, however, no such regulation of the host-fungal interaction has been described. In this report, we use murine models to explore circadian control of either fungal-macrophage interactions in vitro or pathogen clearance from the lung in vivo. First, we show that expression of the important fungal pattern recognition receptor Dectin-1 ( clec7a), from either bone marrow-derived or peritoneum-derived macrophages, is not under circadian regulation at either the level of transcript or cell surface protein expression...
February 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277155/wnt-takes-two-to-tango-molecular-links-between-the-circadian-clock-and-the-cell-cycle-in-adult-stem-cells
#20
Toru Matsu-Ura, Sean R Moore, Christian I Hong
Like two dancers, the circadian clock and cell cycle are biological oscillators engaged in bidirectional communication, resulting in circadian clock-gated cell division cycles in species ranging from cyanobacteria to mammals. The identified mechanisms for this phenomenon have expanded beyond intracellular molecular coupling components to include intercellular connections. However, detailed molecular mechanisms, dynamics, and physiological functions of the circadian clock and cell cycle as coupled oscillators remain largely unknown...
February 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
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