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Advances in Therapy

Claus G Roehrborn, Francisco Cruz, Ferdinando Fusco
Available α1-blockers (ABs) have different profiles of receptor selectivity. Silodosin exhibits the highest selectivity for the α1A adrenergic receptor. This pharmacological feature couples with a singular urodynamic and clinical profile. The magnitude of bladder outlet obstruction improvement in patients receiving silodosin is higher if compared to other ABs. From a clinical point of view, current evidence suggests an advantage in favor of silodosin in terms of nocturia improvement and cardiovascular safety...
October 17, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Helen S Pentikis, Nikki Adetoro, Carol J Braun
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a serious infection that is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing potential. SYM-1219 is a novel, granule formulation containing 2 g of secnidazole that is being developed as a single, oral dose to treat women with BV. Because many of the women diagnosed with BV use hormonal contraception, the effect of SYM-1219 on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of commonly prescribed oral contraceptive drugs, ethinyl estradiol (EE2), and norethindrone (NET) was evaluated...
October 15, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Stefan Fruehauf, Burkhard Otremba, Oliver Stötzer, Christine Rudolph
INTRODUCTION: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a serious and frequent complication of cytotoxic chemotherapy. Biosimilar filgrastim (Nivestim™, Hospira Inc, A Pfizer Company, Lake Forest, IL, USA) is a granulocyte-colony stimulating factor licensed for the treatment of neutropenia and FN induced by myelosuppressive chemotherapy. The primary goal of this VENICE study ( identifier, NCT01627990) was to observe the tolerability, safety and efficacy of biosimilar filgrastim in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy...
October 14, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Zheng-Jie Xu, Jun-Ping Shi, De-Rong Yu, Li-Juan Zhu, Ji-Dong Jia, Jian-Gao Fan
INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a serious form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) that can progress to advanced fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Differentiating between non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and NASH/advanced fibrosis is an important step in the management of NAFLD. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components are important risk factors for NAFLD, and NASH is thought to be the hepatic injury of MS. The prevalence of NASH among NAFLD patients with MS is thought to be high...
October 14, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Richard Lindstrom, Richard Lewis, Dana M Hornbeak, Lilit Voskanyan, Jane Ellen Giamporcaro, John Hovanesian, Steven Sarkisian
INTRODUCTION: The study objective was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication-lowering effect of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) on one preoperative medication. METHODS: Fifty-seven qualified phakic eyes with OAG on 1 medication, preoperative medicated IOP of 18-30 mmHg, and preoperative unmedicated (post-washout) IOP of 22-38 mmHg underwent implantation of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in a standalone procedure...
October 13, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Nabil El Naggar, Sanjay Kalra
: Diabetes is a growing public health concern. Effective use of therapies for this chronic disease is necessary to improve long-term prognosis, but treatment adherence can be difficult to promote in clinical practice, and insulin, in particular, can impact both positively and negatively on patients' quality of life (QoL). Currently, guidelines advocate for QoL as a treatment goal in its own right, with treatment decisions based on patient concerns regarding injection frequency and adverse events, as well as glycemic control...
October 13, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Candida J Rebello, Frank L Greenway
The homeostatic controls over eating are inextricably linked to the reward aspects of eating. The result is an integrated response that coordinates the internal milieu with the prevailing environment. Thus, appetite, which reflects a complex interaction among the external environment, behavioral profile, and subjective states as well as the storage and metabolism of energy, has an important role in the regulation of energy balance. In the prevailing food environment which offers an abundance of food choices it is likely that the motivation to consume from a wide range of delectable foods plays a greater role in contributing to overeating than in the past when the motivation to eat was largely governed by metabolic need...
October 7, 2016: Advances in Therapy
José A Sacristán, Luís Lizan, Marta Comellas, Pilar Garrido, Cristina Avendaño, Juan J Cruz-Hernández, Javier Espinosa, Tatiana Dilla
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore the main factors explaining the relative weight of the different attributes that determine the value of oncologic treatments from the different perspectives of healthcare policy makers (HCPM), oncologists, patients and the general population in Spain. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted to assess: (1) the importance of the attributes on treatment choice when comparing a new cancer drug with a standard cancer treatment; (2) the importance of survival, quality of life (QoL), costs and innovation in cancer; and (3) the most worrying side effects related to cancer drugs...
October 7, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Jesus F San-Miguel, Hermann Einsele, Philippe Moreau
: Panobinostat is an oral pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor developed by Novartis. Panobinostat acts via epigenetic modification and inhibition of the aggresome pathway. In August 2015, the European Commission authorized panobinostat for use in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone for the treatment of relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM) in patients who have received ≥2 prior regimens including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory drug. In January 2016, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommended panobinostat for use in the same combination and patient population...
September 27, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Furio Colivicchi, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Laura Franzini, Giuseppe Imperoli, Lorenzo Castello, Alessandro Aiello, Claudio Ripellino, Nazarena Cataldo
INTRODUCTION: Switching from any statin to another non-equipotent lipid lowering treatment (LLT) may cause a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increase and has been associated with a higher probability of negative cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of switching from rosuvastatin to any other LLT on clinical outcomes in primary care. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis based on data from IMS Health Longitudinal Patient Database, which is a general practice database including information of more than 1...
September 26, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Nicholas J Murphy, Jillian P Eyles, David J Hunter
Highly prevalent among the elderly, hip osteoarthritis (OA) carries a heavy burden of disease. Guidelines for the management of hip OA are often extrapolated from knee OA research, despite clear differences in the etiopathogenesis and response to treatments of OA at these sites. We propose that hip OA requires specific attention separate from other OA phenotypes. Our understanding of the etiopathogenesis of hip OA has seen significant advance over the last 15 years, since Ganz and colleagues proposed femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) as an important etiological factor...
September 26, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Tushar Garimella, Xiaoli You, Reena Wang, Shu-Pang Huang, Hamza Kandoussi, Marc Bifano, Richard Bertz, Timothy Eley
: The treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been revolutionized in recent years by the development of direct-acting antiviral regimens that do not contain peginterferon (pegIFN) and/or ribavirin (RBV). While direct-acting antiviral-based regimens have been shown to be greatly superior to pegIFN/RBV-based regimens in terms of efficacy and safety, they have a greater susceptibility to drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Daclatasvir (DCV)-the benchmark pangenotypic nonstructural protein 5A inhibitor-has been shown to be efficacious and generally well tolerated in partnership with other HCV direct-acting antivirals, including sofosbuvir, asunaprevir (ASV), and ASV plus beclabuvir...
September 23, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Anna Trisia Beby, Tom Cornelis, Raymund Zinck, Frank Xiaoqing Liu
INTRODUCTION: In the Netherlands, the current standard of care for treating patients with end-stage renal disease is three sessions of in-center hemodialysis (conventional ICHD). However, the literature indicates that high dose hemodialysis (high dose HD) may provide better health outcome such as survival and quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of high dose HD, both in-center and at home, in comparison to conventional ICHD from a Dutch payer's perspective over a 5 year period...
September 23, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Kaoru Yokoyama, Kiyotaka Yamazaki, Miiko Katafuchi, Sameh Ferchichi
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic and progressive disease in which the long-term management is important. This study sought to assess treatment persistence and dose escalation in the maintenance phase with adalimumab (ADA) or infliximab (IFX) in a Japanese real-world setting. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using the Japan Medical Data Center database. CD patients with either ADA or IFX prescriptions between January 2012 and February 2015 were included...
September 23, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Tingting Wang, Shiwei Sheng, Meifang Ruan, Jing Yan, Jianying Gu, Yumin Jiang, Yunchao Gao, Hankui Lu
INTRODUCTION: The immune colloidal gold (ICG) method of measuring thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is a rapid and easy-to-perform test, allowing off-site measurements. This study compared the clinical utility of the first ICG-based qualitative and quantitative TSH test methods in China with the third-generation serum TSH assay used worldwide. METHODS: Fingertip and venous blood was collected within 30 min from 283 patients initially suspected of hypothyroidism...
September 7, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Mazin Derzi, Theodore R Johnson, Ahmed M Shoieb, Hugh D Conlon, Penny Sharpe, Andrew Saati, Sarah Koob, Michael W Bolt, Leslie G Lorello, Jim McNally, Carol F Kirchhoff, Teresa A Smolarek, Michael W Leach
INTRODUCTION: PF-06438179, a potential biosimilar to Remicade(®) (infliximab, Janssen Biotech, Inc.), is a chimeric mouse-human monoclonal antibody targeting human tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF). METHODS: Analytical (small subset reported here) and nonclinical studies compared the structural, functional, and in vivo nonclinical similarity of PF-06438179 with Remicade sourced from the United States (infliximab-US) and/or European Union (infliximab-EU). RESULTS: The peptide map profiles were superimposable, and peptide masses were the same, indicating identical amino acid sequences...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Frank Coffey, Patrick Dissmann, Kazim Mirza, Mark Lomax
INTRODUCTION: Acute pain remains highly prevalent in the Emergency Department (ED) setting. This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled UK study investigated the efficacy and safety of low-dose methoxyflurane analgesia for the treatment of acute pain in the ED in the adult population of the STOP! trial. METHODS: Patients presenting to the ED requiring analgesia for acute pain (pain score of 4-7 on the Numerical Rating Scale) due to minor trauma were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive methoxyflurane (up to 6 mL) or placebo (normal saline), both via a Penthrox(®) (Medical Developments International Limited, Scoresby, Australia) inhaler...
August 27, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Ryan N Hansen, An Pham, Scott A Strassels, Stela Balaban, George J Wan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Advances in Therapy
James R Docherty, Martin Steinhoff, Dianne Lorton, Michael Detmar, Gregor Schäfer, Anna Holmes, Anna Di Nardo
: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease with transient and non-transient redness as key characteristics. Brimonidine is a selective α2-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonist approved for persistent facial erythema of rosacea based on significant efficacy and good safety data. The majority of patients treated with brimonidine report a benefit; however, there have been sporadic reports of worsening erythema after the initial response. A group of dermatologists, receptor physiology, and neuroimmunology scientists met to explore potential mechanisms contributing to side effects as well as differences in efficacy...
August 25, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Andrew Hughes, Donal Landers, Hendrik-Tobias Arkenau, Saj Shah, Richard Stephens, Amrik Mahal, Matthew Simmons, Charlotte Lemech, Jennifer Royle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2016: Advances in Therapy
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