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Lasers in Medical Science

Doaa Abdelmageed El Faham, Mohamed Amr Hussein Elnoury, Mona Ibraheim Morsy, Marwa Abdelmoneim El Shaer, Ghada Mohammed Nour Eldin, Osama Mahmoud Azmy
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used in photobiomodulation to promote healing, regenerate, and restore tissue function. Women with persistent thin endometrium were assumed to encounter diminished activity in the regenerative and functional capacity of their endometrium. The aim of this study was to examine the ability of LLLT in 635 nm wavelength to enhance the proliferation and gene expression of in vitro cultured endometrial cells. Single (SE) versus multiple exposures (ME) to LLLT were examined in the study groups and compared to controls...
March 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Paulo V Mezzaroba, Dalton M Pessôa Filho, Alessandro M Zagatto, Fabiana Andrade Machado
This study aimed to investigate the effect of prior LED sessions on the responses of cardiorespiratory parameters during the running incremental step test. Twenty-six healthy, physically active, young men, aged between 20 and 30 years, took part in this study. Participants performed two incremental load tests after placebo (PLA) and light-emitting diode application (LED), and had their gas exchange, heart rate (HR), blood lactate, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) monitored during all tests. The PLA and LED conditions were compared using the dependent Student t test with significance set at 5%...
March 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Naoaki Rikihisa, Mai Tominaga, Shoji Watanabe, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Yoshiaki Saito, Hiromi Sakai
Our previous study proposed using artificial blood cells (hemoglobin vesicles, Hb-Vs) as photosensitizers in dye laser treatment for port-wine stains (PWSs). Dye laser photons are absorbed by red blood cells (RBCs) and hemoglobin (Hb) mixture, which potentially produce more heat and photocoagulation and effectively destroy endothelial cells. Hb-Vs combination therapy will improve clinical outcomes of dye laser treatment for PWSs because very small vessels do not contain sufficient RBCs and they are poor absorbers/heaters of lasers...
March 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Haiyun Ye, Minzhong Yu, Lin Lu, Chenjin Jin, Guangwei Luo
Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) is a standard method for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) treatment. However, conventional PRP usually significantly damages the retinal structure and vision. Retinal pattern scanning laser (PASCAL) photocoagulation has emerged as a new technique with fewer complications for the treatment of retinal disorders. This study compares the therapeutic effects of short-pulse PASCAL to conventional single-spot PRP for PDR. Fifty-two PDR patients (104 eyes) were randomly assigned into a short-pulse PASCAL-PRP treatment (SP) group and a conventional PRP treatment (TP) group...
March 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Jun Ma, Bin Chen, Dong Li, Yue Zhang, Zhaoxia Ying
Port-wine stain (PWS) birthmark is a congenital microvascular malformation of the skin. A 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser can achieve a deeper treatment, but the weak absorption by blood limits its clinical application. Multiple laser pulses (MLPs) are a potential solution to enhance the curative effect of a Nd:YAG laser. To reduce the pulse number (pn ) required for the thermal destruction of the blood vessel, the effect of glucose in conjunction with MLP was investigated. In vivo experiments were performed on a dorsal skin chamber model...
March 14, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Robson Almeida de Rezende, Daniela Nascimento Silva, Lúcio Frigo
To evaluate low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to enhance postoperative mouth opening after orthognathic surgery. Prospective clinical trial of 82 patients allocated into an intervention group (laser, LG) and a control group (no laser, CG) and subgroups according to the procedure type : (1) surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME); (2) maxillary surgery; (3) mandibular surgery; or (4) bimaxillary surgery. LG patients received LLLT immediately after surgery and every 24 h thereafter for 3 days, using a gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode laser (780 nm, 28 spots, 14 on each side of the face, output power 2 J/spot)...
March 12, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
S M Ayuk, N N Houreld, H Abrahamse
The current study evaluated the photobiomodulatory effect of visible red light on cell proliferation and viability in various fibroblast diabetic models in vitro, namely, unstressed normal (N) and stressed normal wounded (NW), diabetic wounded (DW), hypoxic wounded (HW) and diabetic hypoxic wounded (DHW). Cells were irradiated at a wavelength of 660 nm with a fluence of 5 J/cm2 (11.23 mW/cm2 ), which related to an irradiation time of 7 min and 25 s. Control cells were not irradiated (0 J/cm2 ). Cells were incubated for 48 h and cellular proliferation was determined by measuring 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in the S-phase (flow cytometry), while viability was assessed by the Trypan blue exclusion test and Apoptox-glo triplex assay...
March 8, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Tatiane Garcia Stancker, Stella Souza Vieira, Andrey Jorge Serra, Rafael do Nascimento Lima, Regiane Dos Santos Feliciano, José Antônio Silva, Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Marcia Ataize Dos Santos Vieira, Maíra Cecília Brandão Simões, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
This study aimed to determine whether photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) could improve the bioavailability and chondroprotective benefits of mesenchymal stem cells injected into the knees of rats used as an experimental model of osteoarthritis (OA) as well as reduce the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and degradation of type II collagen (COL2-1) in the cartilage. Adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ADSCs) were collected from three male Fischer 344 rats and characterized by flow cytometry. Fifty female Fischer 344 rats were distributed into five groups of 10 animals each...
March 8, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Thomas Beltrame, Cleber Ferraresi, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Richard L Hughson
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) might have a beneficial impact on cytochrome-c oxidase enzyme activity. Thus, it was hypothesized that photobiomodulation by light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) could influence aerobic metabolism dynamics. Possible LEDT-mediated aerobic improvements were investigated mainly by a precise characterization of the pulmonary O2 uptake dynamics during moderate exercise transitions. Eight healthy young adults were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study...
March 7, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Natália Guimarães Barbosa, Amanda Katarinny Goes Gonzaga, Luzia Leiros de Sena Fernandes, Aldilane Gonçalves da Fonseca, Salomão Israel Monteiro Lourenço Queiroz, Telma Maria Araújo Moura Lemos, Éricka Janine Dantas da Silveira, Ana Miryam Costa de Medeiros
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) in the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and secondary oral burning (SOB) by unstimulated sialometry, symptom assessment, and measurement of salivary TNF-α levels. Forty-four patients were randomized into four treatment groups: BMS/laser (n = 10), BMS/ALA (n = 5), SOB/laser (n = 15), and SOB/ALA (n = 14). The control group consisted of eight healthy female subjects. Unstimulated salivary flow was measured before and after treatment, and the collected saliva was stored at - 20 °C for the analysis of TNF-α...
March 3, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Min Ho Hwang, Hyeong Guk Son, Jae Won Lee, Chang Min Yoo, Jae Hee Shin, Hyo Geun Nam, Hyun Jung Lim, Seung Min Baek, Jeong Hun Park, Joo Han Kim, Hyuk Choi
The etiology of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration accompanied by low back pain (LBP) is largely unknown, and there are no curative therapies. Painful IVD degeneration is associated with infiltrated macrophage-mediated inflammatory response of human nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. The present study aimed to address the hypothesis that pro-inflammatory cytokines derived from macrophages lead to the altered molecular phenotype of human NP cells and to investigate the effects of phototherapy (630, 525, 465 nm with 16, 32, 64 J/cm2 ) on pain-related cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 and chemokine IL-8 under inflammatory conditions in human NP cells...
March 3, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Erdem Eriş, İrfan Perente, Esra Vural, Dilek Yaşa, Abdullah Ozkaya
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is seen with polypoidal lesions and branching vascular networks (BVNs) (Spaide et al. in Retina 15(2):100-110, 1995; Yannuzzi et al. in Retina 10(1):1-8, 1990). There are reports about laser photocoagulation for PCV (Yuzawa et al. in Japan J Ophthalmol 47(4):379-384, 2003; Lee et al. in Eye 23(1):145-148, 2009); however, all these reports are about final vision and frequent relapses. Therefore, this treatment merits rigorous scrutiny using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)...
March 2, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Angelamaria Becorpi, Giuseppina Campisciano, Nunzia Zanotta, Zelinda Tredici, Secondo Guaschino, Felice Petraglia, Annalisa Pieralli, Giovanni Sisti, Francesco De Seta, Manola Comar
The composition of vaginal microbiome in menopause and cancer survivor women changes dramatically leading to genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) in up to 7% of patients. Recent reports suggest that laser therapy may be valuable as a not hormonal therapeutic modality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of fractional CO2 laser treatment on the vaginal secretory pathway of a large panel of immune mediators, usually implicated in tissue remodeling and inflammation, and on microbiome composition in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors...
March 1, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Hasan Norouzi, Karim Khoshgard, Fatemeh Akbarzadeh
Hyperthermia is an anti-cancer treatment in which the temperature of the malignant tumor is increased more than other adjacent normal tissues. Microwave, ultrasound, laser, and radiofrequency sources have been used for hyperthermia of cancerous tissues. In the past decade, near-infrared (NIR) laser for cancer therapy, known as photo-thermal therapy (PTT), was expanded in which the photo-sensitizer agent converts the light photon energy to heat. The heat following PTT can destroy cancer cells. There are some photo-sensitizer agents which have been used for PTT; however, owing to recent advances in nanotechnology, noble metal nanoparticles like gold (Au) nanoparticles (GNPs) have been used successfully in PTT...
February 28, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Rehab Mohamed Sobhi, Iman Sharaoui, Eman Ahmad El Nabarawy, Reham Shehab El Nemr Esmail, Rehab Aly Hegazy, Dina Hesham Fouad Aref
Macular amyloidosis (MA) represents a common variant of primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis. It has a characteristic female predominance; none of the treatment modalities described is either curative or uniformly effective in patients with macular amyloidosis. To determine the effect of fractional CO2 laser in macular amyloidosis in comparison to fractional CO2 laser-assisted drug delivery of topical steroids and topical vitamin C, the study includes 10 female patients with cutaneous macular amyloidosis aged between 20 and 62 years...
February 26, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Fernanda Oliveira Duarte, Marcela Sene-Fiorese, Antonio Eduardo Aquino, Filippo Aragão Savioli, Pamela Cristina Lopes Quintiliano, Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Liliane Isabel Guimarães, Lian Tock, Lila Missae Oyama, Valter Tadeu Boldarine, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto
Investigations suggest the benefits of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to improve noninvasive body contouring treatments, inflammation, insulin resistance and to reduce body fat. However, the mechanism for such potential effects in association with exercise training (ET) and possible implications in browning adiposity processes remains unclear. Forty-nine obese women were involved, aged between 20 and 40 years with a body mass index (BMI) of 30-40 kg/m2 . The volunteers were divided into Phototherapy (808 nm) and SHAM groups...
February 23, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Abid Keen, Gousia Sheikh, Iffat Hassan, Yasmeen Jabeen, Shagufta Rather, Syed Mubashir, Insha Latif, Sumaya Zeerak, Muzafar Ahmad, Aqib Hassan, Peerzada Ashraf, Faizan Younis, Najamul Saqib
Scars are abnormal wound responses in predisposed individuals. They occur after any kind of wound and skin inflammation in predisposed individuals. Despite their benign nature, they can be aesthetically disabling. Although several approaches have been tried in their management, most of them have produced poor results. This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of fractional CO2 laser treatment in the management of post-burn and post-traumatic scars. One hundred consecutive patients (77 females and 23 males) affected by post-burn scars as well as post-traumatic atrophic scars were treated with monthly sessions of fractional CO2 laser treatment...
February 23, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Le Han, Ben Liu, Xianyan Chen, Haiyan Chen, Wenjia Deng, Changsheng Yang, Bin Ji, Miaojian Wan
Activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an important role in hair follicle morphogenesis and hair growth. Recently, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) was evaluated for stimulating hair growth in numerous clinical studies, in which 655-nm red light was found to be most effective and practical for stimulating hair growth. We evaluated whether 655-nm red light + light-emitting diode (LED) could promote human hair growth by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling. An in vitro culture of human hair follicles (HFs) was irradiated with different intensities of 655-nm red light + LED, 21 h7 (an inhibitor of β-catenin), or both...
February 21, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Soram Oh, Yu Gu, Hiran Perinpanayagam, Yeon-Jee Yoo, Yoon Lee, Ryun Kyung Kim, Seok Woo Chang, Jongho Lee, Qiang Zhu, Kee Yeon Kum
The purpose of this study was to compare dentinal tubule sealing effects of a 532-nm diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) laser, gallic acid/Fe3+ complex, and three commercially available dentin desensitizers. Human premolars (n = 44) extracted for orthodontics had standardized cervical cavities prepared, etched (37% phosphoric acid) and randomly assigned to either a control (n = 4), or one of five treatment groups (n = 8/group). Desensitizing treatments were either a 532-nm DPSS laser, gallic acid/Fe3+ complex, oxalate-based Super Seal™ (SS), DIO™ Enamel Coating Pen Pro Tooth (Dio), or adhesive-type Hybrid Coat™ (HC)...
February 17, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Renata Luri Toma, Murilo Xavier Oliveira, Ana Cláudia Muniz Renno, E-Liisa Laakso
Muscle fatigue is a process influenced by several mechanisms such as concentration of metabolic substrates, changes in blood flow, and increases in reactive oxygen species that impair contractile muscle function. In this context, photobiomodulation has been investigated for preventing muscle fatigue, with reports of positive effects on muscle performance. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 904-nm LASER photobiomodulation on rectus femoris muscle performance in young women. Eighteen young women participated in a randomized, participant and assessor-blinded crossover trial with placebo control...
February 17, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
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