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Dysphagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275908/narrow-band-imaging-enhances-the-detection-rate-of-penetration-and-aspiration-in-fees
#1
Julie C Nienstedt, Frank Müller, Almut Nießen, Susanne Fleischer, Jana-Christiane Koseki, Till Flügel, Christina Pflug
Narrow band imaging (NBI) is widely used in gastrointestinal, laryngeal, and urological endoscopy. Its original purpose was to visualize vessels and epithelial irregularities. Based on our observation that adding NBI to common white light (WL) improves the contrast of the test bolus in fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), we now investigated the potential value of NBI in swallowing disorders. 148 FEES images were analyzed from 74 consecutive patients with swallowing disorders, including 74 with and 74 without NBI...
March 9, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275907/changes-in-swallowing-related-quality-of-life-after-endoscopic-treatment-for-zenker-s-diverticulum-using-swal-qol-questionnaire
#2
REVIEW
C Colpaert, O M Vanderveken, K Wouters, P Van de Heyning, C Van Laer
Dysphagia affects the most cardinal of human functions: the ability to eat and drink. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate swallowing dysfunction in patients diagnosed with Zenker's diverticulum using the Swallowing Quality of Life (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire preoperatively. In addition, SWAL-QOL was used to assess changes in the outcome of swallowing function after endoscopic treatment of Zenker's diverticulum compared to baseline. Pre- and postoperative SWAL-QOL data were analyzed in 25 patients who underwent endoscopic treatment of Zenker's diverticulum between January 2011 and December 2013...
March 9, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271296/cross-cultural-translation-adaptation-and-reliability-of-the-danish-m-d-andeson-dysphagia-inventory-mdadi-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Sara Fredslund Hajdú, Christina Caroline Plaschke, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Irene Wessel
The objectives were to translate and culturally adapt the M.D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) into Danish and subsequently test the reliability of the Danish version. The MDADI was translated into Danish and cross culturally adapted through cognitive interviews. The final version was test-retest evaluated in a group of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients who responded to the questionnaire twice with a mean of eight days apart. Interclass correlation coefficient, Cronbach's alpha, floor and ceiling effects, standard error of measurement and minimal detectable change were investigated...
March 7, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271295/rheological-behaviors-of-thickened-infant-formula-prepared-with-xanthan-gum-based-food-thickeners-for-dysphagic-infants
#4
Sung-No Yoon, Byoungseung Yoo
Thickened infant formula (TIF) prepared with commercial xanthan gum (XG)-based food thickeners are commonly used to care for infants with swallowing difficulties or regurgitation. In this study, the rheological properties of TIF prepared with four commercial food thickeners (coded A-D) were determined as a function of thickener concentration, thickener type, and setting time because the selection of an appropriate food thickener for TIF preparation is necessary for managing dysphagia in infants. The flow and dynamic rheological properties of TIF were investigated at three different concentrations (1...
March 7, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271294/effect-of-food-thickener-on-the-inhibitory-effect-of-mitiglinide-tablets-on-post-prandial-elevation-of-blood-glucose-levels
#5
Takashi Tomita, Hidekazu Goto, Kenji Sumiya, Tadashi Yoshida, Katsuya Tanaka, Kenzo Kudo, Yukinao Kohda
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of food thickener on the pharmacodynamics of mitiglinide (MGN), a drug belonging to a class of rapid-acting insulin secretagogues. First, MGN tablets were coated by immersion in a xanthan gum-based food-thickening agent. This treatment was shown to delay disintegration rates of MGN tablets in vitro. The pharmacodynamics of MGN after ingestion of a single oral dose of an MGN tablet, with or without food thickener immersion, were then examined in an open-label crossover study comprising 5 healthy participants...
March 7, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204979/one-year-swallowing-outcomes-in-patients-treated-with-prophylactic-gabapentin-during-radiation-based-treatment-for-oropharyngeal-cancer
#6
Heather M Starmer, WuYang Yang, Christine G Gourin, Rachit Kumar, Bronwyn Jones, Todd McNutt, Sierra Cheng, Harry Quon
Recent investigations by our study team have demonstrated patients using gabapentin for pain management during chemoradiotherapy (CRT) do well maintaining swallowing during treatment with less need for narcotic pain medication, PEG dependence, weight loss, and short-term swallowing morbidity. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the long-term swallowing function of these patients 1-year following treatment. Sequential patients receiving CRT for oropharyngeal cancer and concurrent gabapentin were evaluated 1-year following treatment for swallowing outcomes...
February 15, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101665/feasibility-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-adjusted-dswal-qol-questionnaire-for-dysphagic-patients-with-additional-language-and-or-cognitive-impairment-part-i
#7
Ingeborg S Simpelaere, Jan Vanderwegen, Kristien Wouters, Marc De Bodt, Gwen Van Nuffelen
The Swallowing Quality-of-Life questionnaire (SWAL-QoL) is considered the gold standard for assessing health-related quality of life in people with dysphagia. However, many dysphagic patients struggle to complete this questionnaire because of additional functional sequelae such as language impairment and cognitive disorders. In this study, we sought to develop an adjusted Dutch version of the SWAL-QoL (aDSWALQoL) and to evaluate its psychometric properties and feasibility compared with the original questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078454/measuring-competency-development-in-objective-evaluation-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies
#8
Natrah Ahmad Nordin, Anna Miles, Jacqui Allen
Clinical interpretation of videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) has often been criticized for its poor objectivity and inter-rater agreement. In order to address this, objective VFSS measures have been developed, reported and demonstrated to be valid and reliable. However, widespread clinical implementation is lacking. Reasons cited include lack of training and excessive time taken to perform measures. This study investigated competency development in selected standardized objective VFSS measures among speech-language pathologists (SLPs) naive to quantitative measurement...
January 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078453/a-bump-in-the-road-an-uncommon-cause-of-dysphagia
#9
Lukas Boomgaert, Christophe Balliauw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042641/progression-of-dysphagia-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-6
#10
Chiharu Isono, Makito Hirano, Hikaru Sakamoto, Shuichi Ueno, Susumu Kusunoki, Yusaku Nakamura
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6), an autosomal dominant triplet repeat disease, predominantly affects the cerebellum with a late onset and generally good prognosis. Dysphagia is commonly associated with the outcomes of neurodegenerative diseases such as SCA6. Although the characteristics of dysphagia have been rarely reported in SCA6, our previous study indicated that dysphagia is generally milder in SCA6 than in SCA3, another inherited ataxia with multisystem involvement. However, abnormalities in the pharyngeal phase in SCA6 were indistinguishable from those in SCA3, with no explainable reason...
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132098/animal-models-for-dysphagia-studies-what-have-we-learnt-so-far
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca Z German, A W Crompton, Francois D H Gould, Allan J Thexton
Research using animal models has contributed significantly to realizing the goal of understanding dysfunction and improving the care of patients who suffer from dysphagia. But why should other researchers and the clinicians who see patients day in and day out care about this work? Results from studies of animal models have the potential to change and grow how we think about dysphagia research and practice in general, well beyond applying specific results to human studies. Animal research provides two key contributions to our understanding of dysphagia...
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130600/history-of-the-use-and-impact-of-compensatory-strategies-in-management-of-swallowing-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Cathy L Lazarus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124124/special-section-on-drs-25th-anniversary
#13
EDITORIAL
Reza Shaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110437/6th-essd-congress-milan-2016-abstract-book
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101666/history-of-the-use-of-esophageal-stent-in-management-of-dysphagia-and-its-improvement-over-the-years
#15
Kulwinder S Dua
The art and science of using stents to treat dysphagia and seal fistula, leaks and perforations has been evolving. Lessons learnt from the deficiencies of previous models led to several improvements making stent deployment easier, and with some designs, it was also possible to remove the stents if needed. With these improvements, besides malignant dysphagia, newer indications for using stents emerged. Unfortunately, despite several decades of evolution, as yet, there is no perfect stent that "fits all." This article is an overview of how this evolution process happened and where we are currently with using stents to manage patients with dysphagia and with other esophageal disorders...
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101664/history-and-evolution-of-the-barium-swallow-for-evaluation-of-the-pharynx-and-esophagus
#16
REVIEW
Marc S Levine, Stephen E Rubesin
This article reviews the history of the barium swallow from its early role in radiology to its current status as an important diagnostic test in modern radiology practice. Though a variety of diagnostic procedures can be performed to evaluate patients with dysphagia or other pharyngeal or esophageal symptoms, the barium study has evolved into a readily available, non-invasive, and cost-effective technique that can facilitate the selection of additional diagnostic tests and guide decisions about medical, endoscopic, or surgical management...
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101663/history-of-fiberoptic-endoscopic-evaluation-of-swallowing-for-evaluation-and-management-of-pharyngeal-dysphagia-changes-over-the-years
#17
REVIEW
Susan E Langmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044204/25%C3%A2-years-of-dysphagia-rehabilitation-what-have-we-done-what-are-we-doing-and-where-are-we-going
#18
REVIEW
Caryn Easterling
As deglutologists, we strive to use the best evidence available in the treatment of swallowing disorders. Evidence-based medicine is a bottom-up approach that thoughtfully combines the best external evidence with individual clinical expertise and the patients' choice reflective of their clinical state and preferences for their specific care plan. Evidence-based medicine is not restricted to randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses; rather, evidence-based medicine includes our ability to discriminate the best external evidence with which to answer clinical questions and then skillfully and appropriately being able to apply this evidence in the care and treatment of our patients (Sackett et al...
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044203/advances-with-neonatal-aerodigestive-science-in-the-pursuit-of-safe-swallowing-in-infants-invited-review
#19
REVIEW
Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Feeding, swallowing, and airway protection are three distinct entities. Feeding involves a process of sequential, neurosensory, and neuromotor interactions of reflexes and behaviors facilitating ingestion. Swallowing involves anterograde bolus movement during oral-, pharyngeal-, and esophageal phases of peristalsis into stomach. During these events, coordination with airway protection is vital for homeostasis in clearing any material away from airway vicinity. Neurological-airway-digestive inter-relationships are critical to the continuum of successful feeding patterns during infancy, either in health or disease...
February 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042642/the-dysphagia-research-society-accelerating-a-priority-research-agenda
#20
REVIEW
Sudarshan R Jadcherla, Gary H McCullough, Stephanie K Daniels, Douglas J Van Daele, Kulwinder Dua, Cathy Lazarus, Reza Shaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Dysphagia
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