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Dysphagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995244/medicine-administration-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-new-zealand-an-interprofessional-stakeholder-driven-online-survey
#1
Monica Amer Oad, Anna Miles, Avril Lee, Angela Lambie
Medicine administration errors are twice as frequent in people with dysphagia than in those without. Medicine administration is particularly critical for people with Parkinson's disease where late, or missed doses reduce medicine effectiveness and impact on the quality of life. The aim of this study was to explore the current medicine administration practices of people with Parkinson's disease in New Zealand. A self-administered online survey was developed by an interprofessional group including people with Parkinson's disease (the primary stakeholders), speech-language pathologists and pharmacists...
July 11, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955953/tongue-shape-dynamics-in-swallowing-using-sagittal-ultrasound
#2
Mai Ohkubo, James M Scobbie
Ultrasound imaging is simple, repeatable, gives real-time feedback, and its dynamic soft tissue imaging may make it superior to other modalities for swallowing research. We tested this hypothesis and measured certain spatial and dynamic aspects of the swallowing to investigate its efficacy. Eleven healthy adults wearing a headset to stabilize the probe participated in the study. Both thickened and thin liquids were used, and liquid bolus volumes of 10 and 25 ml were administered to the subjects by using a cup...
June 28, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931606/dysphagia-management-in-iran-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-healthcare-providers
#3
Sima Farpour, Hamid Reza Farpour, David Smithard, Bahareh Kardeh, Fatemeh Ghazaei, Mohsen Zafarghasempour
Despite the remarkable burden of dysphagia, appropriate multidisciplinary management is lacking in Iran and patients are often deprived of effective treatments. Obtaining a full understanding of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of healthcare providers is necessary to determine the gaps in improvement of the quality of care for dysphagic patients. A questionnaire was designed covering demographic information and the parameters of KAP. Face and content validity were determined. Test-retest reliability confirmed that the questionnaire scores are stable over time (r = 0...
June 21, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922848/establishing-a-multidisciplinary-head-and-neck-clinical-pathway-an-implementation-evaluation-and-audit-of-dysphagia-related-services-and-outcomes
#4
Barbara Pisano Messing, Elizabeth C Ward, Cathy Lazarus, Keri Ryniak, Melissa Kim, Jessica Silinonte, Dorothy Gold, Carol B Thompson, Karen T Pitman, Ray Blanco, Ryan Sobel, Karen Harrer, Karen Ulmer, Geoffrey Neuner, Kruti Patel, Mei Tang, Gregory Lee
Head and neck cancer (HNC) guidelines recommend regular multidisciplinary team (MDT) monitoring and early intervention to optimize dysphagia outcomes; however, many factors affect the ability to achieve these goals. The aims of this study were to explore the barriers/facilitators to establishing and sustaining a MDT HNC care pathway and to examine the dysphagia-related speech-language pathology (SLP) and dietetic components of the pathway. Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), a mixed methods study design was used to evaluate an established MDT HNC pathway...
June 19, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915928/changes-in-swallowing-and-cough-functions-among-stroke-patients-before-and-after-tracheostomy-decannulation
#5
Min Kyu Park, Sook Joung Lee
We investigated the functional changes in swallowing and voluntary coughing before and after tracheostomy decannulation among stroke patients who had undergone a tracheostomy. We also compared these functions between stroke patients who underwent tracheostomy tube removal and those who did not within 6 months of their stroke. Seventy-seven stroke patients who had undergone a tracheostomy were enrolled. All patients were evaluated by videofluoroscopic swallowing studies and a peak flow meter through the oral cavity serially until 6 months after their stroke...
June 18, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948262/characterizing-the-flow-of-thickened-barium-and-non-barium-liquid-recipes-using-the-iddsi-flow-test
#6
Carly E A Barbon, Catriona M Steele
The use of thickened liquids for dysphagia management has become wide-spread. Videofluoroscopy is commonly used to determine dysphagia severity and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions, including texture modification, but this requires the use of radio-opaque contrast media. In order for the results of a videofluoroscopy to have validity with respect to confirming swallowing safety and efficiency on different liquid consistencies, it is important to understand the flow characteristics of the contrast media used and how the flow of these stimuli compares to the flow of liquids that are provided outside the assessment context...
June 11, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948261/tongue-pressure-measurement-and-videofluoroscopic-study-of-swallowing-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Tatsuyuki Fukuoka, Takahiro Ono, Kazuhiro Hori, Yosuke Wada, Yuki Uchiyama, Shuhei Kasama, Hiroo Yoshikawa, Kazuhisa Domen
This study investigated the relationship between tongue pressure during swallowing and dysphagia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). A total of 24 patients with PD (12 men and 12 women, mean age 70.4 years) were studied. Their mean Hoehn and Yahr scale was 3.0 ± 1.3 (range 1-5). All participants underwent tongue pressure measurement and videofluorography during swallowing. Tongue pressure when swallowing 5 mL of barium on videofluorography was measured using a sensor sheet with five sensors. Based on the findings of videofluorography, the patients were divided into two groups: dysphagic PD group (n = 9) and non-dysphagic PD group (n = 15)...
June 8, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948260/predictors-of-patient-reported-dysphagia-following-imrt-plus-chemotherapy-in-oropharyngeal-cancer
#8
Ester Orlandi, Rosalba Miceli, Gabriele Infante, Aurora Mirabile, Daniela Alterio, Maria Cossu Rocca, Nerina Denaro, Riccardo Vigna-Taglianti, Annamaria Merlotti, Antonio Schindler, Nicole Pizzorni, Carlo Fallai, Lisa Licitra, Paolo Bossi
The aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the factors associated with patient-reported dysphagia in patients affected by locally advanced oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) treated with definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy (CHT), with or without induction CHT. We evaluated 148 OPC patients treated with IMRT and concurrent CHT, without evidence of disease and who had completed their treatment since at least 6 months. At their planned follow-up visit, patients underwent clinical evaluation and completed the M...
June 8, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948259/swallowing-changes-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Rachel W Mulheren, Alba M Azola, Stephanie Kwiatkowski, Eleni Karagiorgos, Ianessa Humbert, Jeffrey B Palmer, Marlís González-Fernández
Older adults may evidence changes in swallowing physiology. Our goals were to identify dysphagia risk in community-dwelling older adults with no history of dysphagia, and to compare swallowing physiology and safety between older and younger adults. Thirty-two older adults with no history of dysphagia were prospectively recruited and completed the Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI), two trials of a 3 oz. swallow screen, and videofluoroscopy (VFSS). Self-ratings of swallowing function were compared to published norms by paired t tests, and multivariate logistic regression models were generated to determine whether these ratings and VFSS analysis of swallowing function were associated with failure of one or both swallow screen trials...
June 8, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882104/inter-rater-agreement-of-clinicians-treatment-recommendations-based-on-modified-barium-swallow-study-reports
#10
Laurie Slovarp, Jennifer Danielson, Julie Liss
The modified barium swallow study (MBSS) is a commonly used radiographic procedure for diagnosis and treatment of swallowing disorders. Despite attempts by dysphagia specialists to standardize the MBSS, most institutions have not adopted such standardized procedures. High variability of assessment patterns arguably contribute to variability of treatment recommendations made from diagnostic information derived from the MBSS report. An online survey was distributed to speech-language pathologists (SLPs) participating in American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) listservs...
June 7, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882103/translation-and-validation-of-the-dysphagia-handicap-index-in-hebrew-speaking-patients
#11
Yael Shapira-Galitz, Michael Drendel, Ruth Yousovich-Ulriech, Liat Shtreiffler-Moskovich, Michael Wolf, Yonatan Lahav
The Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI) is a 25-item questionnaire assessing the physical, functional, and emotional aspects of dysphagia patients' quality of life (QoL). The study goal was to translate and validate the Hebrew-DHI. 148 patients undergoing fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing (FEES) in two specialized dysphagia clinics between February and August 2017 filled the Hebrew-DHI and self-reported their dysphagia severity on a scale of 1-7. 21 patients refilled the DHI during a 2-week period following their first visit...
June 7, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872993/medically-unexplained-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-at-the-university-hospital-ent-outpatient-clinic-for-dysphagia-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#12
Rob J C G Verdonschot, Laura W J Baijens, Sophie Vanbelle, Michelle Florie, Remco Dijkman, Irene P M Leeters, Bernd Kremer, Carsten Leue
Medically unexplained oropharyngeal dysphagia (MUNOD) is a rare condition. It presents without demonstrable abnormalities in the anatomy of the upper aero-digestive tract and/or swallowing physiology. This study investigates whether MUNOD is related to affective or other psychiatric conditions. The study included patients with dysphagic complaints who had no detectible structural or physiological abnormalities upon swallowing examination. Patients with any underlying disease or disorder that could explain the oropharyngeal dysphagia were excluded...
June 5, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872992/7th-essd-congress-and-world-dysphagia-summit-barcelona-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785680/an-unusual-case-of-heartburn-and-esophageal-stenosis
#14
M J Fernández-Aceñero, J M Riesco, R Campos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785679/drooling-in-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-of-a-role-for-divided-attention
#15
Hannah Reynolds, Nick Miller, Richard Walker
Drooling is a frequently reported symptom in Parkinson's Disease (PD) with significant psychosocial impact and negative health consequences including silent aspiration of saliva with the associated risk of respiratory infections. It is suggested that in PD drooling is associated with inefficient oropharyngeal swallowing which reduces the effective clearance of saliva rather than hyper-salivation. This is compounded by unintended mouth opening and flexed posture increasing anterior loss of saliva. It is reported to occur most frequently during cognitively distracting concurrent tasks suggesting an impact from divided attention in a dual-task situation...
May 21, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774424/lingual-and-jaw-kinematic-abnormalities-precede-speech-and-swallowing-impairments-in-als
#16
Bridget J Perry, Rosemary Martino, Yana Yunusova, Emily K Plowman, Jordan R Green
Early identification of bulbar involvement in persons with ALS is critical for improving diagnosis and prognosis; however, efficacious diagnostic markers have not yet been identified. The purpose of this study was to determine whether kinematic changes of the tongue and jaw during swallowing, measured using 3D electromagnetic articulography (EMA), predate clinically identifiable symptoms of speech and swallowing impairment in persons diagnosed with ALS. Data were collected from 16 adults diagnosed with ALS and 18 neurotypical controls...
May 17, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766275/implementing-cough-reflex-testing-in-a-clinical-pathway-for-acute-stroke-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Makaela Field, Rachel Wenke, Arman Sabet, Melissa Lawrie, Elizabeth Cardell
Silent aspiration is common after stroke and can lead to subsequent pneumonia. While standard bedside dysphagia assessments are ineffective at predicting silent aspiration, cough reflex testing (CRT) has shown promise for identifying patients at risk of silent aspiration. We investigated the impact of CRT on patient and service outcomes when embedded into a clinical pathway. 488 acute stoke patients were randomly allocated to receive either CRT or standard care (i.e. bedside assessment). Primary outcomes included confirmed pneumonia within 3 months post stroke and length of acute inpatient stay...
May 15, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761381/impaired-tongue-function-as-an-indicator-of-laryngeal-aspiration-in-adults-with-acquired-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#18
Martin Checklin, Tania Pizzari
Tongue function assessment typically forms part of a clinical bedside swallowing evaluation (CBSE). The predictive value of lingual function for calculating aspiration risk in isolation is not known. The aim of this systematic review was to collate current evidence on the utility of assessing lingual deficits for predicting aspiration. Health databases Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SpeechBITE, AMED and Embase were searched from inception to November 2016. Studies were included if there was a comparison between a clinical lingual assessment (index test) and aspiration on instrumental assessments (reference test) in adults who had been diagnosed with oropharyngeal dysphagia...
May 14, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761380/saliva-production-and-enjoyment-of-real-food-flavors-in-people-with-and-without-dysphagia-and-or-xerostomia
#19
Angela M Dietsch, Cathy A Pelletier, Nancy Pearl Solomon
Non-food gustatory stimulation has multiple potential therapeutic benefits for people with dysphagia and xerostomia. This study examined palatability and saliva flow associated with dissolvable flavored films. Taste strips with real-food flavors dissolved on the tongues of 21 persons with dysphagia and/or xerostomia and 21 healthy age- and sex-matched adults while sublingual gauze pads absorbed saliva over randomized 3-min trials. Participants rated taste enjoyment for each trial on a hedonic general labeled magnitude scale...
May 14, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728769/correction-to-patient-adherence-to-dysphagia-recommendations-a-systematic-review
#20
Brittany N Krekeler, Courtney K Broadfoot, Stephen Johnson, Nadine P Connor, Nicole Rogus-Pulia
The original version of this article unfortunately contains mistakes. The second sentence in the section "Results", under the heading "Study Design" was incorrect. It should read as: Two studies [24, 29] used a prospective cohort study design with a JAMA rating of 2. Four studies [17, 25, 27, 34] completed retrospective studies earning a JAMA score of 3. Four studies [26, 28, 30, 33] earned a JAMA quality rating score of 4 and used the following designs: case series [26, 28, 33], and pilot study [30]...
May 4, 2018: Dysphagia
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