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Seminars in Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165850/the-histopathological-findings-of-patients-who-underwent-blepharoplasty-due-to-dermatochalasis
#1
Ali Karnaz, Yasemin Aslan Katircioglu, Evin Singar Ozdemir, Pınar Celebli, Sema Hucumenoglu, Firdevs Ornek
PURPOSE: To assess changes in lymphatic vessels, collagen, and elastic fiber structure in excised tissues with dermatochalasis (DC). METHODS: In this prospective histopathological study, 70 upper eyelid skins of 35 patients operated on for dermatochalasis were compared with 10 eyelid skins of 10 patients operated on for other diagnoses. In histopathological examination, the two groups of patients were compared with respect to number of lymphatic vessels, largest lymphatic vessel diameter, number of elastic fibers, number of macrophages, edema between collagen fibers, and depth of stromal collagen bed...
February 6, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005448/tear-film-and-ocular-surface-evaluation-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
S Kan, U Acar, M Kizilgul, E Beyazyildiz, A B Cankaya, M Apaydin, S Beysel, M Ozbek
BACKGROUND: Dry eye syndrome is one of the complaints of diabetic patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the tear functions in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) using tests: Schirmer, tear break-up time (TBUT), and tear film osmolarity (TFO) tests and the Ocular Surface Disease Index score (OSDI). METHODS: Pregnant women with GDM (Group 1, n=46) and healthy pregnant women (Group 2, n=36) were enrolled. Initially, all participants were asked to answer the OSDI and then they underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination including Schirmer, TBUT, and TFO tests...
December 22, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005433/combined-special-capsular-tension-ring-and-toric-iol-implantation-for-management-of-astigmatism-and-high-axial-myopia-with-cataracts
#3
Yang Zhao, Jiaxin Li, Ke Yang, Xiao Li, Siquan Zhu
AIM: This study aimed to compare the effects of toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with a capsular tension ring and toric IOL implantation only in patients with axial myopic astigmatism who had undergone cataract surgery. METHODS: Of 34 patients with axial myopia, 16 patients who had received IOL and capsular tension ring (CTR) implantation were included in the combined group and 18 patients who received toric IOL implantation only were included in the simple group...
December 22, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001465/posterior-capsule-opacification-and-nd-yag-rates-with-two-acrylic-intraocular-lenses-after-age-related-cataract-treatment-three-year-results
#4
Miro Kalauz, Sanja Masnec, Rajko Kordić, Tomislav Kuzman, Sania Vidas, Ivan Škegro, Sonja Jandroković, Sanja Perić
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence and intensity of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) between two intraocular lenses (IOLs) over three years. METHODS: Eighty-three patients underwent cataract surgery with implantation of Acreos Adapt AO or Acrysof SA60AT. PCO values were assessed using a photographic image analysis system (EPCO 2000) and the amount of PCO at the slit lamp. RESULTS: Mean PCO score was 2.78 ± 1.55 for the Acreos Adapt AO and 2...
December 21, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960641/proparacaine-induced-mydriasis-during-strabismus-surgery
#5
Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Sharma, Nripen Gaur, Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Rashmi Ramachandran
AIM: To evaluate the mydriatic effect of proparacaine hydrochloride (PH) in children undergoing strabismus surgery under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: This was a pilot, prospective, non-randomized, self-controlled interventional study. Nine children with esotropia or exotropia undergoing horizontal muscle squint surgery under GA at a tertiary eye care center were included. The six Group 1 patients underwent both eye surgeries, while the three Group 2 patients underwent single eye surgery...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960639/outer-retinal-tubulation-in-subretinal-neovascularization-associated-with-macular-telangiectasia-type-2
#6
Duc Anh Hua, Giulio Barteselli, Jay Chhablani
PURPOSE: To describe characteristics of outer retinal tubulation (ORT) in eyes with subretinal neovascular membrane (SRNVM) associated with Macular Telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel type 2). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of longitudinal spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans of 46 eyes of 30 patients with SRNVM associated with MacTel type 2 was performed. To identify ORTs, each B-scan image of the macular cube (512 X 128) scan on the Cirrus® SD-OCT was reviewed...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960623/surgical-management-and-outcome-of-open-globe-injuries-with-posterior-segment-complications-a-10-year-review
#7
Tian Xia, Alain Bauza, Nishant G Soni, Marco A Zarbin, Paul D Langer, Neelakshi Bhagat
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics, management, and outcomes of open globe injured (OGI) eyes that underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for posterior segment complications. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of cases that underwent PPV for posterior segment complications associated with OGI between 2003-2012 at University Hospital, Newark, NJ. RESULTS: 120 eyes were identified and classified as follows: "early retinal detachment (RD)" (within 30 days of OGI), 64 (53%) eyes; "delayed RD" (≥30 days after OGI), 30 (25%) eyes; and "no RD," 26 (22%) eyes...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960588/investigation-of-association-between-autophagy-related-gene-polymorphisms-and-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-and-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma-in-a-spanish-population
#8
Lourdes de Juan-Marcos, Francisco A Escudero-Domínguez, Emiliano Hernández-Galilea, Fernando Cruz-González, Isora Follana-Neira, Rogelio González-Sarmiento
PURPOSE: Cellular stress conditions are important mechanisms implicated in the pathogenesis of pseudoexfoliation syndrome. One of the potential cellular responses to these stress conditions is induction of autophagy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether genetic variants in three critical genes of autophagy (ATG16L, ATG2B, ATG5) may be involved in the development of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (XFS) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (XFG) in a Spanish population. METHODS: 108 patients (64 XFS, 44XFG) and 118 healthy controls were evaluated...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960586/long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-who-maintain-dry-macula-after-three-monthly-ranibizumab-injections
#9
Kyung Min Kim, Jae Hui Kim, Young Suk Chang, Jong Woo Kim, Chul Gu Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes in visual acuity and retinal microstructure in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who had maintained dry macula after initial treatment. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 55 eyes that were diagnosed with neovascular AMD, were treated with three monthly ranibizumab injections, and maintained dry macula during a two-year follow-up. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at three months and at the final follow-up were compared, and the degree of visual improvement was compared between eyes with and without improvement of the ellipsoid zone...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960584/the-prevalence-of-strabismus-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-southeastern-region-of-brazil
#10
Luisa Fioravanti Schaal, Silvana Artioli Schellini, Leonardo Toledo Pesci, Alicia Galindo, Carlos Roberto Padovani, Jose Eduardo Corrente
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of strabismus and associated risk factors in southeastern Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study using a systematic sample from nine municipalities in a southeastern region of Brazil composed of 1852 individuals aged ≥1 and ≤12 years old was done. Visual acuity (VA), ocular alignment, and refractive error (RE) were evaluated. Strabismic individuals (strabismus group) were compared to orthotropic individuals (orthotropic group) to analyze risk factors linked to heterotropias...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960582/ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-pseudophakic-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-hyphema-or-vitreous-hemorrhage
#11
Saba T Alniemi, Sejal R Amin, Luanne Sculley, Sophie J Bakri
PURPOSE: To describe IOL haptic with iris or ciliary body touch on ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in pseudophakic patients with unexplained recurrent hyphema or vitreous hemorrhage. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 10 patients who presented with unexplained recurrent hyphema and or vitreous hemorrhage. RESULTS: There were eight posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PCIOL) and two sulcus lenses. Four cases had a history of glaucoma; two cases which had a history of trabeculectomy were found to have some bridging vessels along the sclerostomy requiring argon laser gonioplasty...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960578/sutureless-scleral-tunnel-trabeculectomy-evaluation-of-feasibility-and-effectiveness-versus-conventional-trabeculectomy-for-management-of-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#12
Hany A Khairy, Moataz F Elsawy, Khaled Said-Ahmed
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraocular pressure-lowering effect of sutureless scleral tunnel trabeculectomy with Mitomycin-C (MMC) compared to the standard trabeculectomy with MMC in patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: This was a masked, randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 34 eyes of 34 patients with bilateral POAG. Patients were randomized to receive sutureless sclera flap trabeculectomy with MMC or conventional trabeculectomy with MMC...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960577/endothelial-cell-count-in-eye-bank-corneal-grafts-impact-of-death-cause-and-donor-diseases
#13
Filip Filev, Olaf J C Hellwinkel, Mau-Thek Eddy, Stephan J Linke, Birgit Wulff
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of death causes and documented donor diseases on initial endothelial cell counts (after retrieval) and the development of corneal graft endothelia during organ culture. METHODS: The retrospective statistic analyses was conducted on a data set of 10,185 human corneas prepared at the Hamburg Eye Bank. RESULTS: Although we observed that death by gunshot trauma or alcoholism seems to be associated with marginally higher endothelium cell counts (independently from donor age), we could prove that only donor age is a relevant predictive parameter for the initial cell-density of the endothelium and its development in vitro...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960573/systematic-review-of-knowledge-assessments-for-glaucoma-patients
#14
Esteban Peralta, Kelly W Muir, Jullia A Rosdahl
Glaucoma is a chronic eye disease affecting millions of people worldwide; it is frequently treated with daily eyedrop medications when patients are asymptomatic. Patient education is an essential feature for adherence to treatments. Developing useful patient education interventions is predicated on understanding what glaucoma patients know about their disease and identifying gaps in their knowledge. Thirteen studies that have measured and described glaucoma patient knowledge using questionnaires were identified from the literature, including cross-sectional studies of disease knowledge and studies evaluating the efficacy of an educational intervention, both randomized controlled and observational...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935338/pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-vitreomacular-traction-syndrome-analysing-the-preoperative-prognostic-factors
#15
Petros Petrou, Andreas Kontos, Marie-Hélène Errera, Philip J Banerjee, Sidath E Liyanage, Louisa Wickham, Krishna Patel, Ilias Georgalas, Efstratios Gotzaridis, Dimitris Papaconstantinou, David G Charteris
PURPOSE: To identify the prognostic factors affecting the surgical outcomes in patients with vitreomacular traction syndrome undergoing pars plana vitrectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical study of 67 eyes of 67 patients with vitreomacular traction syndrome who underwent pars plana vitrectomy. Demographic, clinical, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics were collected and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to examine the effect of parameters on change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA)...
December 9, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935332/intraocular-pressure-after-intravitreal-triesence-injection
#16
Elizabeth A Atchison, Sophie J Bakri
PURPOSE: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a frequent adverse event associated with intravitreal triamcinolone acetate injection. The incidence of elevated IOP with preserved forms of triamcinolone has been studied but the effect of preservative-free formulations has not been clinically evaluated. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational clinical study. METHODS: For patients undergoing intravitreal injections over the study period, age, sex, history of glaucoma or ocular hypertension were recorded...
December 9, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929738/clinical-severity-and-tear-biomarkers-eosinophil-cationic-protein-and-ccl23-in-chronic-allergic-conjunctival-diseases
#17
Maki Shoji, Jun Shoji, Noriko Inada
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between clinical severity and tear levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and CC chemokine ligand 23 (CCL23) in patients with chronic allergic conjunctival disease (cACD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This clinical study included 21 patients with cACD, including atopic keratoconjunctivitis and vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and 14 subjects as controls. The clinical severity score was determined by objective findings. Tear ECP grade was evaluated using tear ECP levels determined by enzyme immunoassay...
December 8, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929730/detection-of-glaucoma-using-image-processing-techniques-a-critique
#18
B Naveen Kumar, R P Chauhan, Nidhi Dahiya
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this article is to present a summary of different types of image processing methods employed for the detection of glaucoma, a serious eye disease. INTRODUCTION: Glaucoma affects the optic nerve in which retinal ganglion cells become dead, and this leads to loss of vision. The principal cause is the increase in intraocular pressure, which occurs in open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma, the two major types affecting the optic nerve...
December 8, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929728/editorial-retraction
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929720/unclassified-axenfeld-rieger-syndrome-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#20
Aparna Rao, Debananda Padhy, Sarada Sarangi, Gopinath Das
PURPOSE: To report anterior segment features in unclassified anterior segment dysgenesis with overlapping features of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome and other developmental anomalies. METHODS: This retrospective study included those with atypical or overlapping features in one or both eyes, which were identified as unclassified ASD. Typical ARS was defined as the presence of posterior embryotoxon with or without iris changes like stromal hypoplasia, corectopia, polycoria, or ectropion uvea with or without systemic features...
December 8, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
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