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Journal of Critical Care

Afreen Ferdoash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
David M Maslove, Yuri Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Caleb Leung, Amanda Lucas, Peter Brindley, Shellie Anderson, Jason Park, Ashley Vergis, Lawrence M Gillman
INTRODUCTION: Research in healthcare leadership has focused on leaders. In contrast, organizational success may be more influenced by followers. Kelley described five followership styles based on two characteristics: active engagement and independent critical thinking. We examined the literature on the association between followership style and workplace outcomes. METHODS: Articles from MEDLINE, CINAHL, and EMBASE were searched. Given the paucity of studies, we expanded our search to non-healthcare databases...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Ghislaine Douflé, Eddy Fan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Funda Sungur Biteker, Murat Biteker, Volkan Doğan, Bülent Özlek, Eda Özlek, Oğuzhan Çelik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
May S Hua, Xiaoyue Ma, Guohua Li, Hannah Wunsch
PURPOSE: To examine the ability of existing triggers for intensive care unit (ICU) palliative care consultation to predict 6-month mortality, and derive new triggers for consultation based on risk factors for 6-month mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of NY state residents who received intensive care, 2008-2013. We examined sensitivity and specificity of existing triggers for predicting 6-month mortality and used logistic regression to generate patient subgroups at high-risk for 6-month mortality as potential novel triggers for ICU palliative care consultation...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Samuel H Howitt, Diana Blackshaw, Eustace Fontaine, Ibrahim Hassan, Ignacio Malagon
PURPOSE: Preoperative airway colonization is associated with increased risk of postoperative respiratory complications following lung resection. This study compares the rates of preoperative lower respiratory tract colonization identified by traditional culture and novel 16S polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples for 49 lung resection patients underwent culture and 16S PCR analyses...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Armand R J Girbes, Toon van Galen, Sara Signo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Jeremy M Kahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Emilie Langlais, Nicolas Nesseler, Estelle Le Pabic, Denis Frasca, Yoann Launey, Philippe Seguin
PURPOSE: To determine whether the addition of the frailty status assessed by the clinical frailty scale (CFS) to the SOFA score (SOFA-CFS) improves the performance of the SOFA score alone in predicting the hospital mortality of elderly critically ill patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study performed between February 2015 and February 2016 including 189 patients aged ≥65 years and hospitalized ≥24 h in the intensive care unit (ICU). RESULTS: The SOFA-CFS score did not improve the performance of the SOFA score alone in predicting hospital mortality (AUC = 0...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Peter M Reardon, Shannon M Fernando, Kyle Murphy, Erin Rosenberg, Kwadwo Kyeremanteng
Delayed activation of the rapid response team (RRT) is common and has been associated with adverse outcomes. However, little is known about the factors associated with delayed activation. This was an observational study from two hospitals in Ottawa, Canada, including adult inpatients with experiencing an activation of the RRT. Data was collected between May 1, 2012 and May 31, 2016 and groups were divided between those with activation within 1 h of meeting call criteria and those with >1 h (delayed activation)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Alasdair R Burns, Kwok M Ho
PURPOSE: Using urinary indices as a quick bedside test to assist management of oliguria and acute kidney injury (AKI) has long been sought. This study assessed whether urinary potassium excretion is related to simultaneously calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) and can predict AKI in the critically ill. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, the correlation between 2-h urinary potassium excretion and simultaneously calculated CrCl of 61 critically ill patients was assessed by Pearson's correlation coefficient, and their ability to predict AKI (≥stage 1 KDIGO) in the subsequent 7 days was assessed by area under the receiver-operating-characteristic (AUROC) curve...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Nattachai Srisawat, Nattaya Sintawichai, Win Kulvichit, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Patita Sitticharoenchai, Nicha Thamrongsat, Sadudee Peerapornratana
PURPOSE: In a resource limited settings, there is sparse information about the management of acute kidney injury (AKI) based on systemic data collection. This survey aimed to described the current management of AKI in intensive care units (ICUs) across Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to 160 physicians involved in the intensive care between January and December 2014 across Thailand. Distribution was done through an online survey platform or telephone interview...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Pravin Amin, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Dilip R Karnad, Guy A Richards
Chikungunya is an arbovirus that is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito causing a febrile illness with periodic outbreaks in large parts of the world. In the last decade it has become a public health concern in a host of countries and has affected international tourists. In the vast majority of cases Chikungunya presents as an acute febrile illness, associated with rash, headache, myalgia and debilitating arthralgia or even polyarthritis. A small proportion of patients present atypically with nervous, ocular, renal, myocardial, respiratory and renal system involvement and may require ICU management...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Kirsi-Maija Kaukonen, Michael Bailey, David Pilcher, D James Cooper, Rinaldo Bellomo
PURPOSE: Despite the recent Sepsis-3 consensus, the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria continue to be assessed and recommended. Such use implies equivalence and interchangeability of criteria. Thus, we aimed to test whether such criteria are indeed equivalent and interchangeable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2000 to 2015, we identified patients with infection, organ failure, and at least one SIRS criterion in 179 Intensive Care Units in Australia and New...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Joseph S Piktel, Lance D Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Tak Kyu Oh, Eunjeong Ji, Young-Jae Cho, Young-Tae Jeon, You-Hwan Jo, In-Ae Song
PURPOSE: Previous studies have found an increase in in-hospital mortality when trainee physicians rotate. Our retrospective cohort study investigated whether trainee physicians' turnover influenced 30-day mortality in Korean intensive care units (ICUs), which have high-intensity daytime intensivist coverage only on weekdays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were adults over 19years old admitted to ICUs in a Korean tertiary care academic hospital between 2012 and 2016...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Gisele Sampaio Silva, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Pravin Amin
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an RNA virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus. ZIKV can be transmitted by bites from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species, sexual activity, blood transfusion and from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. A total of 50 territories and countries in the Americas had reported ZIKV infections. For those with symptoms, the presentation is similar to dengue fever with body aches, joint pain, fatigue, malaise, fever and conjunctivitis lasting up to seven days...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Céline Sarfati, Alex Moore, Catherine Pilorge, Priscilla Amaru, Paula Mendialdua, Emilie Rodet, François Stéphan, Saïda Rezaiguia-Delclaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Elizabeth M Viglianti, Rachel Kramer, Andrew J Admon, Michael W Sjoding, Carol L Hodgson, Rinaldo Bellomo, Theodore J Iwashyna
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the organ failures that develop among patients with prolonged ICU stays, defined as those who spent a minimum of 14 days in an ICU. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of consecutive patients from a university hospital who were in an ICU for a minimum of 14 days during 2014-2016. We calculated daily Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores from admission to ICU day 14. The primary outcome was the number of new late organ failures, defined as occurring on ICU day 4 through 14...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
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