journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health Policy and Planning

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110265/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-disparate-policies-on-child-health-experimental-evidence-from-the-philippines
#1
John W Peabody, Stella Quimbo, Jhiedon Florentino, Riti Shimkhada, Xylee Javier, David Paculdo, Dean Jamison, Orville Solon
BACKGROUND  : Should health systems invest more in access to care by expanding insurance coverage or in health care services including improving the quality of care? Comparing these options experimentally would shed light on the impact and cost-effectiveness of these strategies. METHODS  : The Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) was a randomized policy experiment conducted across 30 districts in the Philippines. The study had a control group and two policy intervention groups intended to improve the health of young children...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108530/use-of-performance-metrics-for-the-measurement-of-universal-coverage-for-maternal-care-in-mexico
#2
Edson Serván-Mori, David Contreras-Loya, Octavio Gomez-Dantés, Gustavo Nigenda, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Rafael Lozano
This study provides evidence for those working in the maternal health metrics and health system performance fields, as well as those interested in achieving universal and effective health care coverage. Based on the perspective of continuity of health care and applying quasi-experimental methods to analyse the cross-sectional 2009 National Demographic Dynamics Survey (n = 14 414 women), we estimated the middle-term effects of Mexico's new public health insurance scheme, Seguro Popular de Salud (SPS) (vs women without health insurance) on seven indicators related to maternal health care (according to official guidelines): (a) access to skilled antenatal care (ANC); (b) timely ANC; (c) frequent ANC; (d) adequate content of ANC; (e) institutional delivery; (f) postnatal consultation and (g) access to standardized comprehensive antenatal and postnatal care (or the intersection of the seven process indicators)...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108529/does-charging-different-user-fees-for-primary-and-secondary-care-affect-first-contacts-with-primary-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#3
Thomas Hone, John Tayu Lee, Azeem Majeed, Lesong Conteh, Christopher Millett
Policy-makers are increasingly considering charging users different fees between primary and secondary care (differential user charges) to encourage utilisation of primary health care in health systems with limited gate keeping. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the impact of introducing differential user charges on service utilisation. We reviewed studies published in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, EconLIT, HMIC, and WHO library databases from January 1990 until June 2015. We extracted data from the studies meeting defined eligibility criteria and assessed study quality using an established checklist...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104695/infectious-disease-risk-and-international-tourism-demand
#4
Jaume Rosselló, Maria Santana-Gallego, Waqas Awan
CONTEXT:  For some countries, favourable climatic conditions for tourism are often associated with favourable conditions for infectious diseases, with the ensuing development constraints on the tourist sectors of impoverished countries where tourism's economic contribution has a high potential. This paper evaluates the economic implications of eradication of Malaria, Dengue, Yellow Fever and Ebola on the affected destination countries focusing on the tourist expenditures. METHODS:  A gravity model for international tourism flows is used to provide an estimation of the impact of each travel-related disease on international tourist arrivals...
January 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104694/patient-perceptions-of-continuity-of-health-care-and-associated-factors-cross-sectional-study-in-municipalities-of-central-colombia-and-north-eastern-brazil
#5
Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Pierre De Paepe, Maria Rejane Ferreira da Silva, Jean-Pierre Unger, M B Aller, María Luisa Vázquez
Despite the fragmentation of healthcare provision being considered one of the main obstacles to attaining effective health care in Latin America, very little is known about patients' perceptions. This paper analyses the level of continuity of health care perceived by users and explores influencing factors in two municipalities of Colombia and Brazil, by means of a cross-sectional study based on a survey of a multistage probability sample of people who had suffered at least one health problem within the previous three months (2163 in Colombia; 2167 in Brazil)...
January 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073934/the-influence-of-customer-medicine-seller-transactional-dynamics-on-childhood-diarrhoea-management-a-qualitative-study-in-ghana
#6
Lauren Rosapep, Emily Sanders, Kathryn Banke
In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) jointly revised the recommended treatment for acute paediatric diarrhoea to specify supplementing reduced osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) with zinc. In many countries, however, a significant knowledge-practice gap persists in appropriate diarrhoea management among private healthcare providers. For example, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project recently demonstrated that over-the-counter medicine sellers (MS) in Ghana recommended inappropriate diarrhoea treatments, despite their demonstrated knowledge of appropriate treatment protocols...
January 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064212/impact-of-a-critical-health-workforce-shortage-on-child-health-in-zimbabwe-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#7
Connie A Haley, Sten H Vermund, Precious Moyo, Aaron M Kipp, Bernard Madzima, Trevor Kanyowa, Teshome Desta, Kasonde Mwinga, Marie A Brault
Despite notable progress reducing global under-five mortality rates, insufficient progress in most sub-Saharan African nations has prevented the achievement of Millennium Development Goal four (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Country-level assessments of factors underlying why some African countries have not been able to achieve MDG#4 have not been published. Zimbabwe was included in a four-country study examining barriers and facilitators of under-five survival between 2000 and 2013 due to its comparatively slow progress towards MDG#4...
January 7, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062516/systems-thinking-in-public-health-a-bibliographic-contribution-to-a-meta-narrative-review
#8
Saad Chughtai, Karl Blanchet
BACKGROUND: Research across the formal, natural and social sciences has greatly expanded our knowledge about complex systems in recent decades, informing a broadly inclusive, cross-disciplinary conceptual framework referred to as Systems Thinking (ST). Its use in public health is rapidly increasing, although there remains a poor understanding of how these ideas have been imported, adapted and elaborated by public health research networks worldwide. METHOD: This review employed a mixed methods approach to narrate the development of ST in public health...
January 6, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052986/can-voluntary-pooled-procurement-reduce-the-price-of-antiretroviral-drugs-a-case-study-of-efavirenz
#9
Sung Wook Kim, Jolene Skordis-Worrall
PURPOSE: A number of strategies have aimed to assist countries in procuring antiretroviral therapy (ARV) at lower prices. In 2009, as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) commenced a voluntary pooled procurement scheme, however, the impact of the scheme on ARV prices remains uncertain. This study aims to estimate the effect of VPP on drug prices using Efavirenz as a case study. METHODS: This analysis uses WHO Global price report mechanism (GPRM) data from 2004 to 2013...
January 4, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052985/experiences-of-using-life-histories-with-health-workers-in-post-conflict-and-crisis-settings-methodological-reflections
#10
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Haja Wurie, Sally Theobald, Wilson Mashange, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Richard Mangwi, Tim Martineau
INTRODUCTION: Life history is a research tool which has been used primarily in sociology and anthropology to document experiences of marginalized individuals and communities. It has been less explored in relation to health system research. In this paper, we examine our experience of using life histories to explore health system trajectories coming out of conflict through the eyes of health workers. METHODS: Life histories were used in four inter-related projects looking at health worker incentives, the impact of Ebola on health workers, deployment policies, and gender and leadership in the health sector...
January 4, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025325/developing-a-decision-support-system-to-link-health-technology-assessment-hta-reports-to-the-health-system-policies-in-iran
#11
Shahram Yazdani, Mohammad-Pooyan Jadidfard
The recent increase of 'Health Technology Assessment' (HTA)-related activities in Iran has necessitated the clarification of policy-making process based on the HTA reports. This study aimed to develop a Decision Support System (DSS) in order to adopt evidence-informed policies regarding health technologies in Iran. The study can be classified as Health Policy and Systems Research. A core panel of seven experts conducted two separate reviews of relevant literature for: 1- Determining the potential technology-related policies...
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025324/defining-pharmaceutical-systems-strengthening-concepts-to-enable-measurement
#12
REVIEW
Tamara Hafner, Helena Walkowiak, David Lee, Francis Aboagye-Nyame
: Pharmaceutical products are indispensable for improving health outcomes. An extensive body of work on access to and use of medicines has resulted in an assortment of tools measuring various elements of pharmaceutical systems. Until now however, there has been little attempt to conceptualize a pharmaceutical system as an entity and define its strengthening in a way that allows for measuring systems strengthening. The narrow focus of available tools limits their value in ascertaining which interventions result in stronger, more resilient systems...
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025323/role-of-emerging-private-hospitals-in-a-post-soviet-mixed-health-system-a-mixed-methods-comparative-study-of-private-and-public-hospital-inpatient-care-in-mongolia
#13
Uranchimeg Tsevelvaanchig, Hebe Gouda, Peter Baker, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990 severely impacted the health sector in Mongolia. Limited public funding for the post-Soviet model public system and a rapid growth of poorly regulated private providers have been pressing issues for a government seeking to re-establish universal health coverage. However, the evidence available on the role of private providers that would inform sector management is very limited. This study analyses the current contribution of private hospitals in Mongolia for the improvement of accessibility of health care and efficiency...
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025322/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025321/national-income-inequality-and-ineffective-health-insurance-in-35-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Francisco N Alvarez, Abdulrahman M El-Sayed
Global health policy efforts to improve health and reduce financial burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) has fuelled interest in expanding access to health insurance coverage to all, a movement known as Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Ineffective insurance is a measure of failure to achieve the intended outcomes of health insurance among those who nominally have insurance. This study aimed to evaluate the relation between national-level income inequality and the prevalence of ineffective insurance...
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025320/does-donor-proliferation-in-development-aid-for-health-affect-health-service-delivery-and-population-health-cross-country-regression-analysis-from-1995-to-2010
#16
Sarah Wood Pallas, Jennifer Prah Ruger
BACKGROUND: Previous literature suggests that increasing numbers of development aid donors can reduce aid effectiveness but this has not been tested in the health sector, which has experienced substantial recent growth in aid volume and number of donors. METHODS: Based on annual data for 1995-2010 on 139 low- and middle-income countries that received health sector aid from donors reporting to the OECD's Creditor Reporting System, the study used two-step system generalized method of moments regression models to test whether the number of health aid donors and an index of health aid donor fragmentation affect health services (measured by DTP3 immunization rate) or health outcomes (measured by infant mortality rate) for three subsectors of health aid...
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993962/the-impact-of-prenatal-care-quality-on-neonatal-infant-and-child-mortality-in-zimbabwe-evidence-from-the-demographic-and-health-surveys
#17
Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
The impact of the quality of prenatal care on child mortality outcomes has received less attention in sub-Saharan Africa. This study endeavoured to explore the effect of the quality of prenatal care and its individual components on neonatal, infant and under-five mortality. The empirical analysis uses data from the three most recent waves of the nationally representative Demographic and Health Survey for Zimbabwe conducted in 1999, 2005/06 and 2010/11. The results indicate that a one-unit increase in the quality of prenatal care lowers the prospect of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality by approximately 42...
December 19, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993961/support-and-performance-improvement-for-primary-health-care-workers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review-of-intervention-design-and-methods
#18
REVIEW
Ashwin Vasan, David C Mabey, Simran Chaudhri, Helen-Ann Brown Epstein, Stephen D Lawn
Primary health care workers (HCWs) in low- and middle-income settings (LMIC) often work in challenging conditions in remote, rural areas, in isolation from the rest of the health system and particularly specialist care. Much attention has been given to implementation of interventions to support quality and performance improvement for workers in such settings. However, little is known about the design of such initiatives and which approaches predominate, let alone those that are most effective. We aimed for a broad understanding of what distinguishes different approaches to primary HCW support and performance improvement and to clarify the existing evidence as well as gaps in evidence in order to inform decision-making and design of programs intended to support and improve the performance of health workers in these settings...
December 19, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993960/patterns-of-informal-patient-payments-in-bulgaria-hungary-and-ukraine-a-comparison-across-countries-years-and-type-of-services
#19
Tetiana Stepurko, Milena Pavlova, Irena Gryga, Péter Gaál, Wim Groot
Informal payments for health care are a well-known phenomenon in many health care systems around the world. While informal payments could be an important source of health care financing, they have an adverse impact on efficiency and access to care, and are a major impediment to ongoing health care reforms. This paper aims to study the scale and patterns of informal patient payments for out-patient and in-patient services in three former-socialist countries: Bulgaria, Hungary and Ukraine. The data are collected in 2010 and 2011 based on national representative samples and are analysed in pooled models to explain variations in payments...
December 19, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993959/optimizing-tubal-ligation-service-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-to-measure-the-task-sharing-experience-of-marie-stopes-international-ethiopia
#20
Olivia Nuccio, Birhanu Sendek, Min Hae Park, Tesfaye Mesele, Francis Ogojo Okello, Cristin Gordon-Maclean
The Ethiopian government implements a progressive task-sharing policy for health services as a strategy to address shortages of highly skilled providers and increase access to critical services, such as family planning. Since 2009, Marie Stopes International Ethiopia has trained health officers to provide tubal ligations, a permanent method of family planning, as part of its task-sharing strategy. The objectives of this research were to evaluate task-sharing tubal ligations to health officers at Marie Stopes International Ethiopia, specifically: (a) to investigate safety, as measured by the proportion of major adverse events; (b) to evaluate the feasibility, as measured by adherence to the standard tubal ligation procedure protocol and (c) to investigate acceptability to clients of the tubal ligation procedure provided by health officers...
December 19, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
journal
journal
29360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"