journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health Policy and Planning

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228339/thresholds-for-decision-making-informing-the-cost-effectiveness-and-affordability-of-rotavirus-vaccines-in-malaysia
#1
Tharani Loganathan, Chiu-Wan Ng, Way-Seah Lee, Raymond C W Hutubessy, Stéphane Verguet, Mark Jit
Cost-effectiveness thresholds (CETs) based on the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (CMH) are extensively used in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) lacking locally defined CETs. These thresholds were originally intended for global and regional prioritization, and do not reflect local context or affordability at the national level, so their value for informing resource allocation decisions has been questioned. Using these thresholds, rotavirus vaccines are widely regarded as cost-effective interventions in LMICs...
December 8, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190374/scaling-up-newborn-care-in-afghanistan-opportunities-and-challenges-for-the-health-sector
#2
Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Zelaikha Anwari, Khaksar Yousufi, Karla Fossand, Sher Shah Amin, David B Hipgrave, Sherin Varkey
Newborn health in Afghanistan is receiving increased attention, but reduction in newborn deaths there has not kept pace with declines in maternal and child mortality. Using the continuum of care and health systems building block frameworks, this article identifies, organizes and provides a synthesis of the available evidence on and gaps in coverage of care and health systems, programmes, policies and practices related to newborn health in Afghanistan. Newborn mortality in Afghanistan is related to the nation's weak health system, itself associated with decades of conflict, low and uneven coverage of essential interventions, demand-side and cultural specificities, and compromised quality...
November 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165682/the-silencing-of-political-context-in-health-research-in-ethiopia-why-it-should-be-a-concern
#3
Marit Tolo Østebø, Megan D Cogburn, Anjum Shams Mandani
In 2004, the Ethiopian government launched what has been called an innovative and groundbreaking solution to the country's public health challenges; the Health Extension Programme (HEP). The positive public health outcomes that have been reported following the implementation of the HEP have led researchers and global health actors to propose it as a model for other countries to emulate. In this systematic review, we point to a potential weakness and methodological bias in the existing research. Despite being implemented within a context of an increasingly authoritarian regime, research conducted following the implementation of HEP reflects a limited discussion of the political context...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165644/-the-money-can-be-a-motivator-to-me-a-little-but-mostly-pbf-just-helps-me-to-do-better-in-my-job-an-exploration-of-the-motivational-mechanisms-of-performance-based-financing-for-health-workers-in-malawi
#4
Julia Lohmann, Danielle Wilhelm, Christabel Kambala, Stephan Brenner, Adamson S Muula, Manuela De Allegri
Performance-based financing (PBF) is assumed to improve health care delivery by motivating health workers to enhance their work performance. However, the exact motivational mechanisms through which PBF is assumed to produce such changes are poorly understood to date. Although PBF is increasingly recognized as a complex health systems intervention, its motivational effect for individual health workers is still often reduced to financial 'carrots and sticks' in the literature and discourse. Aiming to contribute to the development of a more comprehensive understanding of the motivational mechanisms, we explored how PBF impacted health worker motivation in the context of the Malawian Results-based Financing for Maternal and Newborn Health (RBF4MNH) Initiative...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165641/how-to-do-or-not-to-do-%C3%A2-measuring-health-worker-motivation-in-surveys-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
J Borghi, J Lohmann, E Dale, F Meheus, J Goudge, K Oboirien, A Kuwawenaruwa
A health system's ability to deliver quality health care depends on the availability of motivated health workers, which are insufficient in many low income settings. Increasing policy and researcher attention is directed towards understanding what drives health worker motivation and how different policy interventions affect motivation, as motivation is key to performance and quality of care outcomes. As a result, there is growing interest among researchers in measuring motivation within health worker surveys...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165621/treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-complex-emergencies-in-developing-countries-a-scoping-review
#6
Geraldine Munn-Mace, Divya Parmar
Almost 172 million people live in complex emergencies globally resulting from political and/or economic instability. The provision and continuity of health care in complex emergencies remain a significant challenge. Health agencies are often hesitant to implement tuberculosis programmes in particular because its treatment requires a longer commitment than most acute diseases. However, not treating tuberculosis promptly increases mortality and untreated tuberculosis further increases the incidence of tuberculosis...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161379/strong-vertical-tb-programme-embedded-in-a-developing-primary-healthcare-system-impact-on-patient-and-community-experiences-in-cambodia
#7
Neisha Sundaram, Richard James, Um Sreynimol, Pen Linda, Joanne Yoong, Saint Saly, Pichenda Koeut, Mao Tan Eang, Richard Coker, Mishal Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161375/health-system-factors-affecting-implementation-of-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-imci-qualitative-insights-from-a-south-african-province
#8
Himani Pandya, Wiedaad Slemming, Haroon Saloojee
The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy has been adopted by 102 countries including South Africa, as the preferred primary health care (PHC) delivery strategy for sick children under 5 years. Despite substantial investment to support IMCI in South Africa, its delivery remains sub-optimal, with varied implementation in different settings. There is scarce research globally, and in the local context, examining the effects of health system characteristics on IMCI implementation. This study explored key determinants of IMCI delivery in a South African province, with a specific focus on health system building blocks using a health system dynamics framework...
November 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145600/the-influence-of-gender-and-household-headship-on-voluntary-health-insurance-the-case-of-north-west-cameroon
#9
Tessa Oraro, Nestor Ngube, George Yuh Atohmbom, Siddharth Srivastava, Kaspar Wyss
Within the existing health financing literature, males are typically categorized as the household's decision-makers. While this view accurately reflects many local sociocultural realities, approximately a quarter of sub-Saharan African households are now headed by females. In light of various efforts to expand health insurance coverage in the region, it is necessary to examine whether the factors influencing voluntary health insurance enrolment are analogous across male- and female-headed households. This study sought to identify the gendered determinants of voluntary enrolment into a church-run micro health insurance scheme...
November 13, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136172/assessing-the-contraceptive-supply-environment-in-kinshasa-drc-trend-data-from-pma2020
#10
S Babazadeh, S Lea, P Kayembe, P Akilimali, L Eitmann, P Anglewicz, J Bertrand
Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 (PMA2020) is a population-based and facility-based survey program conducted in 11 countries to track contraceptive use dynamics and the supply environment. Annual data collection provides trend data unavailable from any other source. Two-stage cluster sampling was used to select 58 enumeration areas in Kinshasa; data were collected in 2014, 2015 and 2016 from three to six service delivery points (SDPs) per EA. Of the 228-248 SDPs surveyed each year, only two-thirds reported to offer family planning (FP) services...
November 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136148/legal-but-limited-abortion-service-availability-and-readiness-assessment-in-nepal
#11
Suzanne O Bell, Linnea Zimmerman, Yoonjoung Choi, Michelle J Hindin
The government of Nepal revised its law in 2002 to allow women to terminate a pregnancy up to 12 weeks gestation for any indication on request, and up to 18 weeks if certain conditions are met. We evaluated the readiness of facilities in Nepal to provide three abortion services, manual vacuum aspiration (MVA), medication abortion (MA) and post-abortion care (PAC), using the service availability and readiness assessment (SARA) framework. The framework consists broadly of three domains; service availability, general service readiness and service readiness specific to individual services (i...
November 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121223/health-system-strengthening-prospects-and-threats-for-its-sustainability-on-the-global-health-policy-agenda
#12
Joseph F Naimoli, Sweta Saxena, Laurel E Hatt, Kristina M Yarrow, Trenton M White, Temitayo Ifafore-Calfee
In 2013, Hafner and Shiffman applied Kingdon's public policy process model to explain the emergence of global attention to health system strengthening (HSS). They questioned, however, HSS's sustainability on the global health policy agenda, citing various concerns. Guided by the Grindle and Thomas interactive model of policy implementation, we advance and elaborate a proposition: a confluence of developments will contribute to maintaining HSS's prominent place on the agenda until at least 2030. Those developments include (1) technical, managerial, financial, and political responses to unpredictable public health crises that imperil the routine functioning of health systems, such as the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease (Ebola) epidemic in West Africa; (2) similar responses to non-crisis situations requiring fully engaged, robust health systems, such as the pursuit of the new Sustainable Development Goal for health (SDG3); and (3) increased availability of new knowledge about system change at macro, meso, and micro levels and its effects on people's health and well-being...
November 7, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126109/do-prospective-payment-systems-ppss-lead-to-desirable-providers-incentives-and-patients-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-developing-countries
#13
Si Ying Tan, G J Melendez-Torres
The reform of provider payment systems, from retrospective to prospective payment, has been heralded as the right move to contain costs in the light of rising health expenditures in many countries. However, there are concerns on quality trade-off. The heightened attention given to prospective payment system (PPS) reforms and the rise of empirical evidence regarding PPS interventions among developing countries suggest that a systematic review is necessary to understand the effects of PPS reforms in developing countries...
November 6, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106574/a-conceptual-framework-for-investigating-the-impacts-of-international-trade-and-investment-agreements-on-noncommunicable-disease-risk-factors
#14
Ashley Schram, Arne Ruckert, J Anthony VanDuzer, Sharon Friel, Deborah Gleeson, Anne-Marie Thow, David Stuckler, Ronald Labonte
We developed a conceptual framework exploring pathways between trade and investment and noncommunicable disease (NCD) outcomes. Despite increased knowledge of the relevance of social and structural determinants of health, the discourse on NCD prevention has been dominated by individualizing paradigms targeted at lifestyle interventions. We situate individual risk factors, alongside key social determinants of health, as being conditioned and constrained by trade and investment policy, with the aim of creating a more comprehensive approach to investigations of the health impacts of trade and investment agreements, and to encourage upstream approaches to combating rising rates of NCDs...
November 2, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092057/health-system-dynamics-analysis-of-eyecare-services-in-trinidad-and-tobago-and-progress-towards-vision-2020-goals
#15
Tasanee Braithwaite, Blaine Winford, Henry Bailey, Petra Bridgemohan, Debra Bartholomew, Deo Singh, Subash Sharma, Rishi Sharma, Juan Carlos Silva, Alastair Gray, Samuel S Ramsewak, Rupert R A Bourne
Avoidable blindness is an important global public health concern. This study aimed to assess Trinidad and Tobago's progress towards achieving the Pan American Health Organization, 'Strategic Framework for Vision 2020: The Right to Sight-Caribbean Region,' indicators through comprehensive review of the eyecare system, in order to facilitate health system priority setting. We administered structured surveys to six stakeholder groups, including eyecare providers, patients and older adult participants in the National Eye Survey of Trinidad and Tobago...
October 30, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088357/health-financing-at-district-level-in-malawi-an-analysis-of-the-distribution-of-funds-at-two-points-in-time
#16
Josephine Borghi, Spy Munthali, Lameck B Million, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez
There is growing attention to tracking country level resource flows to health, but limited evidence on the sub-national allocation of funds. We examined district health financing in Malawi in 2006 and 2011, and equity in the allocation of funding, together with the association between financing and under five and neonatal mortality. We explored the process for receiving and allocating different funding sources at district level. We obtained domestic and external financing data from the Integrated Financial Management Information System (2006-11) and AidData (2000-12) databases...
October 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077844/pathways-to-high-and-low-performance-factors-differentiating-primary-care-facilities-under-performance-based-financing-in-nigeria
#17
Shunsuke Mabuchi, Temilade Sesan, Sara C Bennett
The determinants of primary health facility performance in developing countries have not been well studied. One of the most under-researched areas is health facility management. This study investigated health facilities under the pilot performance-based financing (PBF) scheme in Nigeria, and aimed to understand which factors differentiated primary health care centres (PHCCs) which had performed well, vs those which had not, with a focus on health facility management practices. We used a multiple case study where we compared two high-performing PHCCs and two low-performing PHCCs for each of the two PBF target states...
October 25, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069407/reimagining-infertility-a-critical-examination-of-fertility-norms-geopolitics-and-survey-bias
#18
Jasmine Fledderjohann, Liberty Walther Barnes
While it is estimated that 15% of couples worldwide are infertile, this figure hinges critically on the quality, inclusiveness and availability of infertility data sources. Current infertility data and statistics fail to account for the infertility experiences of some social groups. We identify these people as the invisible infertile , and refer to their omission from infertility data and statistics-whether intentional or unintentional-as the process of invisibilization . We identify two processes through which invisibilization in survey data is produced: sampling, with focus on exclusionary definitions of the population at-risk, and survey instrument design, with focus on skip patterns and question wording...
October 24, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040516/integrated-mental-health-services-in-china-challenges-and-planning-for-the-future
#19
Di Liang, Vickie M Mays, Wei-Chin Hwang
Eager to build an integrated community-based mental health system, in 2004 China started the '686 Programme', whose purpose was to integrate hospital and community services for patients with serious mental illness. In 2015, the National Mental Health Working Plan (2015-2020) proposed an ambitious strategy for implementing this project. The goal of this review is to assess potential opportunities for and barriers to successful implementation of a community-based mental health system that integrates hospital and community mental health services into the general healthcare system...
October 13, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040476/national-responses-to-global-health-targets-exploring-policy-transfer-in-the-context-of-the-unaids-90-90-90-treatment-targets-in-ghana-and-uganda
#20
Ellen McRobie, Fred Matovu, Aisha Nanyiti, Justice Nonvignon, Daniel Nana Yaw Abankwah, Kelsey K Case, Timothy B Hallett, Johanna Hanefeld, Lesong Conteh
Global health organizations frequently set disease-specific targets with the goal of eliciting adoption at the national-level; consideration of the influence of target setting on national policies, programme and health budgets is of benefit to those setting targets and those intended to respond. In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS set 'ambitious' treatment targets for country adoption: 90% of HIV-positive persons should know their status; 90% of those on treatment; 90% of those achieving viral suppression...
October 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
journal
journal
29360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"