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Biomedical Chromatography: BMC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149492/effects-of-tao-hong-si-wu-decoction-on-acute-blood-stasis-in-rats-based-on-a-lc-q-tof-ms-metabolomics-and-network-approach
#1
Qi Ma, Peng-Ling Li, Yong-Li Hua, Peng Ji, Wan-Ling Yao, Xiao-Song Zhang, Li-Jia Zhong, Yan-Ming Wei
A novel approach using metabolomics coupled with a metabolic network was used to investigate the effects of THSWD on the rat model of acute blood stasis syndrome. Acute blood stasis syndrome was induced by placing the rats in ice-cold water following two injections with epinephrine. The hemorheological indicators (WBV and PV), and the blood coagulation indicators (TT, PT, APTT, and FIB) were detected. The nonparametric univariate method and multivariate statistical analysis were performed for determining the potential biomarkers...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148595/determination-of-cefoperazone-and-sulbactam-in-serum-by-hplc-ms-ms-an-adapted-method-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-children
#2
Xiu-Jun Wu, Xin Huang, Hai-Yan Shi, Xing-Kai Chen, Qian Dong, Guo-Xiang Hao, Yan Li, Yi Zheng, Wei Zhao
A rapid, accurate and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic -tandem mass spectrometry method has been validated for the simultaneous determination of cefoperazone and sulbactam in a small volume sample for children. A Shim-pack XR-ODS C18 column with gradient elution of water (0.1% formic acid) and acetonitrile (0.1% formic acid) solution was used for separation at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The calibration curves of two analytes in serum showed excellent linearity over the concentration ranges of 0...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148594/metabolic-study-of-paeoniflorin-and-total-paeony-glucosides-from-paeoniae-radix-rubra-in-rats-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-sequential-mass-spectrometry-uplc-esi-ms-n
#3
Lijun Zhu, Shanshan Sun, Yanxi Hu, Yufeng Liu
A clear understanding of the metabolism of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is extremely important in their rational clinical application and effective material foundation research. A novel and reliable strategy was performed to find more metabolites of paeoniflorin, determine the metabolites of total paeony glucosides (TPG) by means of determining those metabolites of paeoniflorin, and compare the metabolism differences between paeoniflorin and TPG by intragastric administration. This strategy was characterized as follows: firstly, the rats were divided into two groups (the paeoniflorin group and the TPG group) to find different metabolism mechanism between paeoniflorin and TPG; secondly, UPLC-FT-ICR MS and UPLC-Q-TOF MS(2) were applied to obtain accurate molecular weight and structural information respectively; thirdly, the metabolites were tentatively identified by a combination of data-processing methods including mass defect screening, characteristic neutral loss screening and product ion screening; finally, a comparative study was employed in the metabolism of paeoniflorin and TPG...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148589/determination-of-telbivudine-in-the-plasma-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-in-long-term-treatment-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatographic-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#4
Bicui Chen, Li Chen, Cai Cheng, Mingkang Zhong, Xiaojin Shi, Jiming Zhang, Bin Wang
Usually, creatine kinase elevation is commonly reported in telbivudine-treated patients. However, little is known abosut the relationship between this adverse drug reaction and plasma concentration. In this study, a sensitive, rapid and safe quantitative bioanalytical method has been established by using LC-MS/MS for the determination of telbivudine in a clinical study of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. The assay was linear in a dynamic 10-10,000 ng/mL range (r(2) > 0.999) and total analysis time was 6 min in this method...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148582/comparative-pharmacokinetics-study-of-orientin-in-rat-plasma-by-uhplc-ms-ms-after-intravenous-administration-of-single-orientin-and-trollius-chinensis-bunge-extract
#5
Nan Zhao, Qi Sun, Yang Song, Lin Wang, Tingjian Zhang, Fanhao Meng
Orientin showed a broad array of biological activities, and it is the major bioactive compound in the Trollius chinensis Bunge. Thus, this paper was conducted to investigate the comparative pharmacokinetics of orientin after intravenous administration of single orientin and Trollius chinensis Bunge extract. Sample preparation involved a simple one-step deproteinization procedure with acetonitrile. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters BEH C18 column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148163/development-and-validation-of-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-method-for-determination-of-lisinopril-in-human-plasma-by-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-and-pre-column-derivatization
#6
Noushin Rastkari, Reza Ahmadkhaniha
A sensitive, reliable and simple HPLC method was developed for the determination of lisinopril in human plasma. The method consists of extraction and clean-up steps based on magnetic solid-phase extraction and pre-column derivatization with a fluorescent reagent. The mobile phase consisted of a mixture of methanol-sodium dihydrogen phosphate (pH 3.0; 0.005 m; 75:25, v/v). The flow rate was set at 0.7 mL/min. Fluorescence detection was performed at 470nm excitation and 530nm emission wavelengths. Total chromatography run time was 5 min...
November 16, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144552/simultaneous-determination-of-tilianin-and-its-metabolites-in-mice-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#7
Liping Wang, Qingwei Chen, Lijun Zhu, Xuejun Zeng, Qiang Li, Ming Hu, Xinchun Wang, Zhongqiu Liu
Tilianin is an active flavonoid glycoside found in many medical plants. Data are lacking regarding its pharmacokinetics and disposition in vivo. The objective of this study was to develop a sensitive, reliable, and validated ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method to simultaneously quantify tilianin and its main metabolites and to determine its pharmacokinetics in wild-type and breast cancer resistance protein knockout (Bcrp1-/-) FVB mice. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on a C18 column by utilizing acetonitrile and 0...
November 16, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143972/determination-of-tubuloside-b-by-lc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study-in-rats
#8
Shenbao Yang, Ruiying Qu, Peilu Sun, Shan Xiong, Siyi Yan, Zhipeng Deng
Tubuloside B, a novel neuroprotective phenylethanoid, is a major active constituent of Cistanche tubulosa and Cistanche deserticola. A specific and sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the quantification of tubuloside B in rat plasma. Sample preparation was conducted through a protein-precipitation extraction with methanol using tubuloside A as internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation was achieved by using a Capcell Pak C18 column (2...
November 16, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143970/sample-preparation-for-large-scale-bioanalytical-studies-based-on-liquid-chromatographic-techniques
#9
REVIEW
Andrei Medvedovici, Elena Bacalum, Victor David
Quality of the analytical data obtained for large-scale and long term bioanalytical studies based on liquid chromatography depends on a number of experimental factors including the choice of sample preparation method. This review discusses this tedious part of bioanalytical studies, applied to large scale samples and using liquid chromatography coupled with different detector types as core analytical technique. The main sample preparation methods included in this paper are protein precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction, derivatization, and their versions...
November 16, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135039/a-novel-fast-method-for-aqueous-derivatization-of-thc-oh-thc-and-thc-cooh-in-human-whole-blood-and-urine-samples-for-routine-forensic-analyses
#10
Fabio Stefanelli, Federica Giorgia Pesci, Mario Giusiani, Silvio Chericoni
A novel aqueous in situ derivatization procedure with propyl chloroformate (PCF) for the simultaneous, quantitative analysis of Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-hydroxy-Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (OH-THC) and 11-nor-Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol-carboxylic acid (THC-COOH) in human blood and urine is proposed. Unlike current methods based on the silylating agent (BSTFA) added in an anhydrous environment, this new proposed method allows to add the derivatizing agent (propyl chloroformate, PCF) directly to the deproteinized blood and recover the derivatives by liquid-liquid extraction...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135035/analysis-and-measurement-of-serotonin
#11
REVIEW
András Seitz, Stelvio M Bandiera
Serotonin, also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine, is an important signaling molecule in the central and peripheral nervous systems of humans. Acting through several receptor types, it helps regulate the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system and brain. Serotonin signaling has also been implicated in the etiology of several diseases, including depression, anxiety disorders, hypertension and irritable bowel syndrome. The present review focuses on the chemical analysis of serotonin in biological fluids and biomatrices and traces the development and application of early methods based on UV absorbance or fluorescence to more widely-used current methods such as high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134675/analytical-approach-dissipation-pattern-and-risk-assessment-of-pesticide-residue-in-green-leafy-vegetables-a-comprehensive-review
#12
REVIEW
Waziha Farha, A M Abd El-Aty, Md Musfiqur Rahman, Ji Hoon Jeong, Ho-Chul Shin, Jing Wang, Sung Shik Shin, Jae-Han Shim
The category of "leafy vegetables" comprises a wide range of plants, including cabbage, lettuce, leeks, spinach, Swiss chard, and kale, and it forms a significant component of the human diet. Typically, leafy vegetables are low in calories and fat, are great sources of vitamins, protein, dietary fibre, minerals (including iron, calcium, and nitrates), and are rich in phytochemicals. To counter the impact of pests on vegetables, a broad variety of pesticides is used. Because of their large surface areas, leafy vegetables are expected to have high residual pesticide levels...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131420/chromatographic-analysis-of-voc-patterns-in-exhaled-breath-from-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#13
Simonetta Capone, Maria Tufariello, Angiola Forleo, Valentina Longo, Lucia Giampietruzzi, Antonio Vincenzo Radogna, Flavio Casino, Pietro Siciliano
Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes many diseases. The analysis of exhaled breath for exogenous and endogenous Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) can provide fundamental information on active smoking and insight into the health damage that smoke is creating. Various exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have been reported as typical of smoking habit and recent tobacco consumption, but to date, no eligible biomarkers have been identified. Aiming to identify such potential biomarkers, in this pilot study we analysed the chemical patterns of exhaled breath from 26 volunteers divided in groups of nonsmokers and subgroups of smokers sampled at different periods of withdrawal from smoking...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131376/method-development-for-quantification-of-quizartinib-in-rat-plasma-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-pharmacokinetic-application
#14
Essam Ezzelddin, Muzaffar Iqbal, Gamal Mostafa, Khalid A Al-Rashood, Toqa El Nahhas
Quizartinib is a highly potent inhibitor of the fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor, which is one of the most commonly mutated genes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Quizartinib has shown a significant antileukemic clinical influence among relapsed/refractory acute AML patients. This study aimed at developing and validating an analytical method for the measurement of quizartinib in rat plasma using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The method was validated according to FDA guidelines, and the results obtained in this work met the set criteria...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130499/combined-metabolomic-and-correlation-networks-analyses-reveal-fumarase-insufficiency-altered-amino-acids-metabolism
#15
Entai Hou, Xian Li, Zerong Liu, Fuchang Zhang, Zhongmin Tian
Fumarase catalyzes the interconversion of fumarate and L-malate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Fumarase insufficiencies were associated with increased level of fumarate and decreased level of malate and exacerbated salt-induced hypertension. To gain insights into the metabolism profiles that induced by fumarase insufficiency and identify key regulatory metabolites, we applied a GC-MS based metabolomics platform coupled with a network approach to analyze fumarase insufficient HUVEC cells and negative controls...
November 11, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110318/simultaneous-determination-and-pharmacokinetic-study-of-giraldoid-a-giraldoid-b-in-rat-plasma-after-oral-administration-of-daphne-giraldii-nitsche-extracts-by-lc-ms-ms
#16
Huyiligeqi, Xiaoxv Dong, Jing Fu, Sali Cao, Chunjing Yang, Longtai You, Zhongyi Zhang, Jian Ni
A simple sensitive LC-MS/MS method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of giraldoid A and giraldoid B in rat plasma. The method was applied to the pharmacokinetics studies of the two compounds from Daphne giraldii Nitsche. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on an ACQUITY UPLC™ BEH C18 column (100 × 2.1 mm, 1.7 mm) by gradient elution with a flow rate of 0.2 mL min(-1). The method was linear over the concentration range of 1.0-1000 ng mL(-1) , and the lower limit of quantification were 1...
November 7, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105854/simultaneous-determination-and-tissue-distribution-studies-of-four-phenolic-acids-in-rat-tissue-by-uflc-ms-ms-after-intravenous-administration-of-salvianolic-acid-for-injection
#17
Shuang Li, Xiuman Xie, Dongxiang Li, Zhiguo Yu, Ling Tong, Yunli Zhao
A rapid, simple and sensitive ultra-fast liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination and tissue distribution studies of rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid D, lithospermic acid and salvianolic acid B in rats after intravenous administration of salvianolic acid for injection. The tissue homogenate samples were pretreated by protein precipitation with pre-cooled acetonitrile. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters Cortecs UPLC C18 column (1...
November 6, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105801/pharmacokinetics-of-pidotimod-in-broiler-chickens-by-uhplc-ms-ms-after-oral-and-intravenous-administration
#18
Ruili Zhang, Mei Qiu, Li Zhao, Liangliang Cui, Chunyuan Wang, Jiajia Zhu, Zhihui Hao
Pidotimod is widely used in children as an immune promoter but it has not been fully evaluated in animals. Pharmacokinetics of pidotimod and its oral bioavailability have not been described in broiler chickens. We developed a simple and sensitive UHPLC-MS/MS assay for rapid determination of pidotimod levels in chicken blood. Recoveries were nearly 100% and the coefficients of accuracy and precision were minimal. Healthy broiler chickens were given 10 mg/kg pidotimod either orally or intravenously. The oral pidotimod was rapidly absorbed [time of reaching maximum concentration (tmax ) 1...
November 6, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088500/a-sensitive-lc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneous-quantification-of-geniposide-and-its-active-metabolite-genipin-in-rat-plasma-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#19
Fuguo Shi, Hong Pan, Yi Li, Linyan Huang, Qin Wu, Yuanfu Lu
Genipin (GP), an active metabolite of geniposide (GE), exhibited more potent pharmacological effects than its parent compound. In this paper, a sensitive LC-MS/MS method was developed and fully validated for the simultaneous determination of GE and GP in rat plasma. We found GP degraded rapidly in rat plasma at room temperature as a result of the irreversible binding with the endogenous nucleophiles in plasma. GP is stable when the samples pH is less than or equal to 4.0. The degradation of GP in rat plasma was well prevented by immediate addition of 5% glacial acetic acid to the freshly collected plasma...
October 31, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088495/proteomics-analysis-of-altered-proteins-in-kidney-of-mice-with-aristolochic-acid-nephropathy-using-the-fluorogenic-derivatization-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method
#20
Chia-En Lin, Wen-Shin Chang, Jen-Ai Lee, Ting-Ya Chang, Yu-Shen Huang, Yoshiro Hirasaki, Hung-Shing Chen, Kazuhiro Imai, Shih-Ming Chen
Aristolochic acid (AA) causes interstitial renal fibrosis, which called aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN). There is no specific indicator for diagnosing AAN, so this study was to investigate the biomarkers for AAN using a proteomics method. The C3H/He female mice were given ad libitum AA-distilled water (0.5 mg/kg/day) and distilled water for 56 days in the AA and normal groups, respectively. The AA-induced proteins in the kidney were investigated using a proteomics study, including fluorogenic derivatization with 7-chloro-N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-2,1,3- benzoxadiazole-4-sulfonamide (DAABD-Cl), and followed by high performance liquid chromatography analysis and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (FD-LC-MS/MS) with a MASCOT database searching system...
October 31, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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