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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL

Reham Hassan, Nehal Roshdy, Noha Issa
The aim of the present study was to investigate the shaping abilities of XP Shaper and compare it with other single file rotary NiTi systems utilizing full rotation and reciprocation motion, by cone beam computed tomography. Mesiobuccal canals of forty-five mandibular first molars, were allocated into three equal groups (n=15) according to the rotary system applied; WaveOne, OneShape and XP shaper. Pre-and post-instrumentation images were obtained at 3mm, 5mm and 7mm from the apex using cone beam computed tomography and assessed to determine canal transportation and centering ability...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Stefania Martignon, Margarita Usuga-Vacca, Fabián Cortés, Andrea Cortes, Luis Fernando Gamboa, Sofía Jacome-Lievano, Jaime Alberto Ruiz-Carrizosa, María Clara González-Carrera, Luis Fernando Restrepo-Perez, Nicolás Ramos
The aim of this study was to assess whether caries risk, nutritional status, access to dental care and socio-behavioral factors are associated to two caries experience outcome variables using the Epidemiologic International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDASepi), which includes initial enamel caries lesions: 1- The presence of ICDAS-epi caries experience (dmf-ICDASepi ≥ 1), and 2- Having an ICDAS-epi caries experience (dmft-ICDASepi) higher than national figures for the same age. The sample included 316 eight- to 71-month-old children from the municipality of Anapoima, Colombia...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Francina Escobar-Arregoces, Catalina Latorre-Uriza, Juliana Velosa-Porras, Nelly Roa-Molina, Alvaro J Ruiz, Jaime Silva, Estefania Arias, Juliana Echeverri
Periodontal disease and its inflammatory response have been related to adverse outcomes in pregnancy such as preterm birth, preeclampsia and low birth weight. This study analyzed systemic inflammatory response in patients with high risk of preterm delivery and its relationship to periodontal disease. A pilot study was conducted for a case and control study, on 23 patients at risk of preterm delivery and 23 patients without risk of preterm delivery as controls. Exclusion criteria were patients who had received periodontal treatment, antibiotic or antimicrobial agents within the past three months, or with infections or baseline diseases such as diabetes or hypercholesterolemia...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Javier L Nino-Barrera, Luis F Gamboa-Martinez, Horacio Laserna-Zuluaga, Jessy Unapanta, Daniela Hernández-Mejia, Carolina Olaya, Diana Alzate-Mendoza
The aims of this study were to analyze whether age, tooth type and sex are related to radiographically visible extrusion of filling material as an unintended outcome in teeth undergoing endodontic treatment with a thermoplastic obturation technique (Calamus® or GuttaCore®) and to determine whether the presence of such overfilling is associated to postoperative pain. We selected 120 teeth with diagnoses involving vital pulp and indication for endodontic treatment. Biomechanical preparation was performed using the Protaper Next® system with X2 or X3 master apical file...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Lina M Velandia, Laura V Álvarez, Lofthy P Mejía, Martha J Rodríguez
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in schoolchildren from a public educational institution in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Eighty-eight 7- to 10-year-olds took part in the study; of whom half had MIH. The translated and adapted version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 8-10) was applied by means of an interview. The dependent variable was OHRQoL and explanatory variables were presence and severity of MIH, sex, age, socioeconomic status and social security...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Orlando L Catanzaro, Ana Andornino, Nicole Brasquet, Irene Di Martino, Alejandra Arganiaraz
Major gingival-periodontal changes according to age have been observed in both diabetic and non-diabetic rats. Male Wistar rats weighing 200-220 g were divided into two groups: 1) Nondiabetic (ND) and 2) Diabetic (D) by receiving an intraperitoneal (ip) dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (50 mg /kg). Animals from both groups (ND and D) were euthanized at 4, 8, 12, 17 y 25 weeks after treatment with saline solution or STZ. Glycemia values in ND rats were 5 to 6 mmol/L, while in D, glycemia increased progressively between weeks 4 and 25, with values ranging from 18...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Shyrley Díaz, María Mondol, Angélica Peñate, Guillermina Puerta, Marcelo Boneckér, Saul Martins Paiva, Jenny Abanto
There is no study assessing the impact of dental caries (DC), traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and dental malocclusions (DM) on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children from Spanish-speaking countries in population-based samples. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of DC, TDI and DM, on Colombian preschool children's OHRQoL through a cross-sectional study. The clinical setting included private and public preschools in Cartagena,Colombia. The sample included 643 preschool children aged 1-5 years and their parents, who answered the Colombian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (C-ECOHIS) and socioeconomic questionnaire...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Gabriel P Pastore, Douglas R Goulart, Patricia R Pastore, Alexandre J Prati, Màrcio de Moraes
The aim of the present study was to identify the relationship among instruments used to screen and diagnose temporomandibular disorders (TMD). A retrospective study was conducted using medical records of patients with temporomandibular disorder who had visited the institution for initial assessment between January and December 2015. Medical history and physical examination data were collected, particularly those focusing on the diagnosis of TMD and TMJ (temporomandibular joint) function. The following instruments were used to assess the severity of the TMD signs and symptoms: the Fonseca Anamnestic index (FAI), the Helkimo index (HI), the American Association of Orofacial Pain Questionnaire (AAOPQ) and the Jaw Symptom & Oral Habit Questionnaire (JSOHQ)...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Pedro A Teixeira, Marcelo S Coelho, Augusto S Kato, Carlos E Fontana, Carlos Es Bueno, Daniel G Pedro-Rocha
The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of 2. 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 17% ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), and 1% peracetic acid (PAA) on human fibroblasts. FG11 and FG15 cell lines were cultured in 24-well cell culture plates for cell proliferation assessment and 96-well cell culture plates for the methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay; Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) was used as control data. The experimental solutions were used at 0. 01%, 0...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Gustavo Hs Merlo, Carla C Piardi, Ezequiel Gabrielli, Francisco Wmg Muniz, Cassiano K Rösing, Paulo Rg Colussi
The aim of this study was to assess history of orthodontic treatment and its determinants in adolescents. This was a crosssectional study conducted in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil, on a representative sample of adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, regularly enrolled in 20 high schools. A structured questionnaire was applied to assess demographic, behavioral and health variables. The association between history of orthodontic treatment and the dependent variables was analyzed by the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
June 2018: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Mehmet B Özel, Tamer Tüzüner, Zeynep A Güplü, Nichola J Coleman, Andrew P Hurt, Celai K Buruk
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of 10 wt% benzalkonium chloride (TB-BAC) or 10 wt% cetylpyridinium chloride (TB-CPC) on the antimicrobial properties of the orthodontic adhesive primer, Transbond XTT (TB). Antimicrobial activity was assessed using a zone of inhibition diffusion test and the release of the antimicrobial compounds was monitored by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Shear bond strength (SBS) was tested using bovine enamel. Control, TB, specimens failed to demonstrate intrinsic antibacterial activity at 1, 7 and 14 days; whereas, TB-BAC and TB-CPC showed antibacterial effects at all times...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
María M Barnetche, Lila S Cornejo
The purpose of this research was to analyze the oral health status of youth housed in socio-educational centers of the Juvenile Penal Area of the Province of Córdoba, Argentina of corrections by considering clinical evaluation and the main sociodemographic data. Socio-demographics, healthy and unhealthy habits of self-care, and dental clinical profile were assessed for this purpose. An exploratory cross-sectional study was carried out on 70 14- to 18-year-olds who had been institutionalized for at least six months...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Alejandra Folco, Sandra Benítez-Rogé, Diana Calabrese, Marina Iglesias, María Lumi, Pedro Hetch, María E Mateu
Knowledge of the best way to evaluate changes in transverse dimension produced by orthodontic treatment enables the estimation of potential space that may be generated and optimizes planning. The aim of this study was to compare two methods for measuring changes in transverse dimension following tooth alignment by passive self-ligating system: Method 1 (M1) considering palatal landmarks and Method 2 (M2) considering dental landmarks. Subjects were 12 patients of both sexes, aged 15 to 24 years old, with moderate crowding (Nance discrepancy -4 to -6 mm), who were treated with the Damon System at the Department of Orthodontics of the School of Dentistry, Buenos Aires University...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Ana M Biondi, Silvina G Cortese, Lucía Babino, Diana E Fridman
The aim of the present work was to evaluate and compare variations in mineral density (MD) using laser-induced fluorescence (LF) after applying 5% Sodium Fluoride Varnish (Duraphat®), 5% Sodium Fluoride Varnish with Tricalcium Phosphate (Clinpro®) or Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (Recaldent®) on teeth with Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH). Mineral density of 92 MIH teeth with mild (Mi) and moderate (Mo) lesions was assessed using a DIAGNOdent device (KaVo, Biberach, Germany). LF values were recorded on day 0 (baseline) and on days 15, 30 and 45; the remineralizing agents were applied immediately after LF readings at baseline and on days 15 and 30...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Karla Cruz-Moreira, Fuad Huamán-Garaicoa, Gabriela Mena
The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge on oral cancer and level of preventive care among the population. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate 408 individuals through a face-to-face survey at Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil during the 2016 academic year. Sixty-one percent (61%) of respondents said they knew of the existence of oral cancer, but 56.1% did not know that 'white spots' in the oral cavity could become malignant, and 50.7% did not know that 'lumps'could be oral cancer...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Leidy Y Bastidas-Legarda, Edgar O Beltrán, Lina M Marín-Gallón, Jaime E Castellanos, Sonia P Bohórquez
In this work, we established an in vivo murine model of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection involving inoculation by scarification of the oral mucosain order to study its dissemination towards the trigeminal ganglion (TG). Both viral DNA and infectious virions were detected on the third day postinfection (p.i.). Viral proteins revealed by immunohistochemistry were mainly found at seven days p.i., when the latency-associated transcript (LAT) was also detected. This model simulated the dissemination process of HSV-1, which could be used to study herpes pathogenesis starting in the oral mucosa...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Julio Chávez-Lozada, Carmen Urquía-Morales
Indirect restorations need to be attached with adhesive luting agents to prevent them from becoming dislodged and provide adequate marginal sealing. The aim of this study was to evaluate bond strength to dentin of self-etching resin cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 flat dentin surfaces were randomly distributed among 5 groups, according to cements used; Group 1: RelyxU100 (3M/ESPE), Group 2: Bis Cem (Bisco), Group 3: Max Cem (Kerr), Group 4: SeT PP (SDI) and Group 5: Relyx ARC (3M/ESPE), control...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Graciela J Barreda, Elizabeth A Dzierewianko, Karina A Muñoz, Gisela I Piccoli
Orthodontic treatments with Invisalign® require the use of attachments, which are composite resin buttons attached to tooth surfaces. Attachments constitute one of the most powerful tools for improving the efficiency of orthodontic tooth movement. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate surface wear over six months in two resin composites (Filtek Z350 XT, 3MESPE and Amelogen Plus TW, Ultradent Products Inc. ) used for making Invisalign® attachments. These composites were selected for their esthetic and mechanical properties...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Miguel Germán Borda, Nicolás Castellanos-Perilla, Judy Andrea Patiño, Sandra Castelblanco, Carlos Alberto Cano, Diego Chavarro-Carvajal, Mario U Pérez-Zepeda
Edentulism is related to a number of conditions in older adults, impacting their overall health status and thus their quality of life and relationship with the environment. At the same time, self-rated health has been shown to be an accurate marker of overall health status. However there is little information on how edentulism relates to self-rated health in older adults of Hispanic origin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of edentulism on self-rated health in older adults. We analyzed data from SABE Ecuador 2009, a cross-sectional study that included a probabilistic representative sample of 5, 235 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Taisa B Raveli, Dirceu B Raveli, Luiz G Gandini, Ary Santos-Pinto
The aim of this study was to evaluate dental and skeletal changes induced by the use of Herbst appliance compared to natural growth in young adults with Class II division I malocclusion with mandibular retrusion, by means of lateral oblique radiographs. Forty-six subjects, I4 -18 years old, after pubertal growth peak, with Class II division I malocclusion were assessed. Subjects were divided into two groups: the Experimental group included 23 subjects treated with Metallic Splinted Herbst and the Control group included 23 subjects followed without treatment...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
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