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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406732/investigation-of-neurodegenerative-and-inflammatory-processes-in-sleep-bruxism
#1
Aydin Keskinruzgar, Aysun Kalenderoglu, Günay Yapici Yavuz, Mahmut Koparal, Ali Simsek, Ayse Sevgi Karadag, Mustafa Utkun
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the anxiety and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in patients with sleep bruxism (SB) and to develop objective measurements to assess the neurodegenerative and inflammatory processes associated with this disease. METHODS: A group of 40 SB patients were compared with a control group consisting of 40 healthy individuals (without SB). Anxiety results and the OCT measurements of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and choroidal thickness were assessed in both groups...
November 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394203/comparison-of-hyoid-bone-positions-and-pharyngeal-airway-dimensions-in-different-body-mass-index-percentile-adolescent-subjects
#2
Yasemin Nur Korkmaz, Suleyman Kutalmış Buyuk, Esra Genç
OBJECTIVE: Increased body mass index (BMI) is a growing problem worldwide and can affect medical conditions through morphological structures. The purpose of this study was to examine the hyoid bone position and pharyngeal airway dimensions on the sagittal section in different BMI percentile adolescent subjects. METHODS: Fifty-five adolescent patients were subdivided into three groups, considering their BMI percentiles: Normal-weight (16 subjects), overweight (20 subjects), and obese (19 subjects)...
November 5, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353788/three-dimensional-volumetric-analysis-of-mandibular-condyle-changes-in-growing-subjects-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#3
Alessandro Nota, Silvia Caruso, Shideh Ehsani, Alberto Baldini, Simona Tecco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the mandibular condylar volumein a sample of subjects 11-26 years old. METHODS: CBCT condylescans from 94 patients (mean age 18.2 ± 4.5 y) acquired with areconstructed layer thickness of 0.5 mm and a 512×512 matrix were examined. Data on condylar volume were compared among three groups with different age ranges: 11-16 years, 17-21years, and 22-26 years. Condylar volumetric measurements were performed with Mimics™ software...
October 24, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332921/condylar-long-axis-and-articular-eminence-in-mri-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#4
Maria Grazia Piancino, Michele Tepedino, Francesco Cavarra, Ennio Bramanti, Giuseppina Laganà, Claudio Chimenti, Stefano Cirillo
OBJECTIVE: To compare morphologic findings in MRI and skeletal divergence of a group of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) subdivided into condylar symmetric and asymmetric. METHODS: Fifty-nine adults (26.7 years old) with TMD were retrospectively recruited. Condylar height symmetry was evaluated by orthopantomography (Habets's method) and used to divide patients into Symmetric and Asymmetric groups; skeletal divergence was assessed on lateral cephalograms...
October 17, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311546/differences-in-non-specific-physical-symptom-levels-and-pressure-pain-thresholds-between-patients-with-masticatory-myofascial-pain-and-arthralgia
#5
Ricardo De Souza Tesch, Fabrício Sanches Fernandes, Eduardo Esberard Favilla, Gilberto Senechal De Goffredo Filho, Cristiana Pessoa De Queiroz Faria Goes
OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of non-specific physical symptoms and pressure pain threshold (PPT) found in patients with masticatory myofascial pain with those found in patients with temporomandibular arthralgia alone. METHODS: The study followed an observational and cross-sectional protocol. A total of 64 female patients were evaluated for the presence of painful TMD, non-specific physical symptom levels, and PPT. RESULTS: The group of patients with masticatory myofascial pain presented a lower mean for PPT as well as a higher mean for standardized T-Scores for non-specific physical symptom levels...
October 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296920/efficacy-of-dry-needling-in-patients-with-myofascial-temporomandibular-disorders-related-to-the-masseter-muscle
#6
Mehmet Cem Özden, Berkem Atalay, Ali Veysel Özden, Abdülkadir Burak Çankaya, Erdinç Kolay, Sami Yıldırım
OBJECTIVE: This randomized, single-center clinical trial aimed to compare the efficacy of superficial dry needling (SDN) and deep dry needling (DDN) in patients with myofascial temporomandibular disorder (MTMD) related to the masseter muscle. METHODS: Forty patients showing MTMD with trigger points in the masseter muscle were randomly assigned to groups. Dry needling of the masseter muscle was performed once per week for three weeks. Pressure pain threshold (PPT) measurements, visual analog scale scores, and maximal jaw opening were assessed...
October 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296919/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-an-institution-s-experience
#7
Mehmet Ali Altay, Alexandra Radu, Sean E Pack, Nelli Yıldırımyan, Andres Flores-Hidalgo, Dale A Baur, Faisal A Quereshy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate and report the outcomes associated with the management of patients who were treated surgically for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). METHODS: Demographic and medical profiles of patients with a diagnosis of MRONJ were created. The type of surgical treatment, complications, and treatment outcomes were identified. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients with an average age of 68.42 years (range 40-90 years) were included...
October 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295164/ultra-low-frequency-transcutaneous-electric-nerve-stimulation-ulf-tens-in-subjects-with-craniofacial-pain-a-retrospective-study
#8
Stefano Mummolo, Alessandro Nota, Simona Tecco, Silvia Caruso, Enrico Marchetti, Giuseppe Marzo, Tommaso Cutilli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of ultra-low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (ULF-TENS) on pain and electromyographic values in subjects affected by temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 80 non-consecutive patients (58 women, 22 men, mean age 35.3 ± 9.9 years) suffering from pain associated with temporomandibular disorders was performed. The sample was treated with ULF-TENS, and outcomes were evaluated by anamnestic index, dysfunction index, visual analog scale, and surface electromyography of the masticatory muscles...
October 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286692/the-hyoid-bone-an-overview
#9
Ronald C Auvenshine, Nathan J Pettit
The hyoid bone is a small horseshoe-shaped bone located between the mandible and the shoulder girdle. It is classified as a sesamoid bone which means it is a freely floating bone. However, it is anything but freely floating. The hyoid bone is a vestigial structure and is found as part of the tongue in lower animal forms. The hyoid bone is attached to the base of the skull, the mandible, the tongue, the larynx, and the scapular belt. Even though the hyoid bone is an important structure, it has not received the attention that it deserves...
October 5, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270763/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-temporomandibular-disorder-patients
#10
Supawadee Jariyasakulroj, Somsak Mitrirattanakul
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and associated factors in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. METHODS: Medical records of 350 TMD patients were collected. The EDS status was measured by Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). TMD patients were classified according to ESS scores into TMD patients with EDS (ESS ≥10) and without EDS (ESS <10). The relationship between EDS status and associated factors, such as demographic, TMD symptom severity, and psychological status was analyzed using chi-square and t-test...
September 30, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265209/physical-therapists-self-perceived-adequacy-of-entry-level-education-and-their-current-confidence-levels-with-respect-to-temporomandibular-disorders-a-pilot-study
#11
Inae C Gadotti, Alixandra Lakow, Jocelyn Cheung, Michael Tang
OBJECTIVE: Physical therapy (PT) has been shown to be one of the most effective conservative treatments for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The objectives of this pilot study are to determine the self-perceived knowledge, adequacy of entry-level education, and the current confidence levels of PTs in Florida regarding TMD treatment. METHODS: An online questionnaire was used. The overall experience, education, and confidence regarding TMD treatment and its implications were discussed...
September 28, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244669/can-the-severity-of-orofacial-myofunctional-conditions-interfere-with-the-response-of-analgesia-promoted-by-active-or-placebo-low-level-laser-therapy
#12
Carolina Almeida Rodrigues, Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Laís Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of orofacial myofunctional condition (OMC) on pain perception, temporomandibular disorders (TMD) severity, and the response to low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in women with painful TMD. METHODS: Seventy-eight women, 59 with TMD, received active laser (30) or placebo (29), with 19 controls. OMC, TMD severity, pain intensity, and pressure pain threshold (PPT) were assessed at different times during the masticatory test: before treatment (LLLT dose: 780nm), during, and after 30 days...
September 23, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231809/liquid-platelet-rich-fibrin-injections-as-a-treatment-adjunct-for-painful-temporomandibular-joints-preliminary-results
#13
Jonathan B Albilia, Carlos Herrera-Vizcaino, Hillary Weisleder, Joseph Choukroun, Shahram Ghanaati
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical benefits of liquid platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and dysfunction. METHODS: Forty-eight TMJs in 37 patients with painful internal derangement (ID) (Wilkes' I-V) were included. Patients were injected with 1.5-2cc of PRF within the superior joint space at 2-week intervals. Pain and subjective dysfunction were recorded using a visual analog scale. Statistical analyses were done using the ANOVA test...
September 20, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215301/does-occlusal-splint-affect-posture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ilaria De Giorgi, Tommaso Castroflorio, Giovanni Cugliari, Andrea Deregibus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an occlusal splint on body posture of intra-articular temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders patients. METHODS: The study was performed on 45 women affected by TMJ disorders divided into an occlusal splint group and a control group. Rasterstereographic recordings were performed at baseline and after 1, 3, and 6 months, in order to analyze the following postural parameters: trunk inclination, cervical and lumbar arrows, kyphotic and lordotic angles, trunk imbalance, pelvic tilt and torsion...
September 14, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198398/is-posturescreen%C3%A2-mobile-app-an-accurate-tool-for-dentists-to-evaluate-the-correlation-between-malocclusion-and-posture
#15
Simona Maria Iacob, Andrea Maria Chisnoiu, Liana Maria Lascu, Antonela Marcela Berar, Daniela Studnicska, Mirela Ioana Fluerasu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether PostureScreen® Mobile app is a useful, simple tool that is accessible for dentists to evaluate the correlation between malocclusion and posture. METHODS: Twenty-nine subjects underwent static and dynamic dental occlusion examinations and a postural exam with PostureScreen® Mobile app, a photographic method. The subjects were divided into groups depending on their static and dynamic occlusion features. The postural parameters were then compared between these groups...
September 10, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198391/temporomandibular-joint-disorder-determined-by-fonseca-anamnestic-index-and-associated-factors-in-18-to-27-year-old-university-students
#16
Sevgi Özdinç, Hilal Ata, Halit Selçuk, Hilal Başak Can, Nimet Sermenli, Fatma Nesrin Turan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and associated risk factors. METHODS: This study was conducted using 212 university students. Based on the Fonseca anamnestic index, the population was divided into two groups: those with TMD and those without TMD. The two groups were compared in terms of global body posture, craniohorizontal and craniovertebral angles, neck and temporomandibular joint range of motion, stress level, and sleep quality...
September 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165803/burning-mouth-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-with-self-reported-sleep-problems
#17
Yeon-Hee Lee, Suk Chon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate possible relationships among hematologic factors, psychological dimensions, the presence of self-reported sleep problems, and clinical characteristics in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: Twenty-five postmenopausal female patients with primary BMS (aged 55.2 ± 9.6 years) were included. All participants underwent clinical and psychological evaluations and blood sampling. The patients were subdivided according to the absence or presence of the self-reported sleep problems...
August 31, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165804/evaluation-of-effusion-and-articular-disc-positioning-after-two-different-arthrocentesis-techniques-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-disc-displacement-without-reduction
#18
Primo Guilherme Vargas Pasqual, Rodrigo Lorenzi Poluha, Ênio Tadashi Setogutti, Eduardo Grossmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate joint effusion and positioning of the articular disc through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after two different arthrocentesis techniques. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with dislocation of the articular disc without reduction (ADDwoR) were included and randomly divided into two groups: single needle arthrocentesis with distention of the upper compartment of the TMJ (A1) and conventional arthrocentesis with 2 needles (A2). RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was observed between the different effusion categories (p = 0...
August 30, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153104/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-jaw-elevator-muscles-in-young-adults-with-bruxism-and-with-and-without-attrition-type-tooth-wear-a-pilot-study
#19
Duygu Goller Bulut, Fatma Avci, Gözde Özcan
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was planned to analyze masticatory activation in bruxism patients with and without attrition by ultrasonographic evaluation of mandibular adductor muscles. METHODS: Sixty bruxism patients (group 1: 30 without attrition, group 2: 30 with attrition) and an age-sex matched control of 30 (group 3) were clinically examined. The thickness of bilateral temporalis and masseter muscles during clench and rest was measured by ultrasonography. RESULTS: The mean muscle thicknesses were higher in bruxing patients than in controls...
August 28, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153093/posterior-disc-displacement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-rare-case-report
#20
Shaista Afroz, Mio Naritani, Hidehiko Hosoki, Yoshizo Matsuka
BACKGROUND: Posterior disc displacement (PDD) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is quite rare. The normal position of a disc is slightly anterior to the condyle, so the chances of disc displacement to the posterior direction are low. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old Japanese female reported with a chief complaint of lack of occlusion on the right-side molar teeth. Clinical examination revealed lack of occlusal contact in the right posterior region, nearly normal range of mouth opening (41...
August 28, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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