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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448905/restoration-of-sleep-using-a-novel-biomimetic-protocol-for-adult-osa-clinical-case-report
#1
G Dave Singh, Mark Kraver, Oleg Chernyshev
Background A sleep study of a 56-year old male with excessive daytime sleepiness demonstrated an AHI of 16.4hr -1 with 13% of total sleep time in REM sleep and a mean oxygen desaturation (SpO 2 ) of 86%. Clinical presentation On intra-oral examination, it was found that the patient had maxillary hypoplasia and bilateral torus mandibularis. A 3D cone-beam CT (CBCT) scan was taken, and 28 craniofacial parameters were measured. Surgical reduction of the mandibular tori followed by biomimetic oral appliance therapy (BOAT) was initiated...
February 15, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431599/lithuanian-dentists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practices-regarding-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#2
Laurynas Jokubauskas, Gaivilė Pileičikienė, Gediminas Žekonis, Aušra Baltrušaitytė
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes toward, and aspects of clinical practice regarding obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among Lithuanian dentists. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period from December 2016 to March 2017. A survey instrument was designed and pilot tested prior to full-scale administration. Self-administered questionnaires, including a cover letter, were distributed to 550 dentists during continuing dental education programs...
February 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400137/oral-pathology-in-clinical-dental-practice
#3
Dan Jenkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394870/a-3-year-study-of-patients-with-tinnitus-and-jaw-muscle-tenderness
#4
Lennart Unell, Dan Ström, Kristina Ekman, Anders Johansson, Kristina Arnrup, Gunnar E Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated three-year results of treatment with an interocclusal appliance in 89 tinnitus patients with jaw muscle tenderness. METHODS: Subjective tinnitus severity was recorded using a visual analog scale (VAS). The number of tender muscles was registered. The patients were followed annually. After three years, 64 patients were examined (72%). RESULTS: Tinnitus severity at baseline was high (mean VAS value 68.3). After one year, the VAS values were substantially lower (mean 37...
February 2, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385907/analysis-of-synovial-fluid-visfatin-level-in-temporomandibular-joint-disorders
#5
Günay Yapıcı Yavuz, Göksel Şimşek Kaya, Ahmet Kızıltunç
BACKGROUND: Biochemical analysis of synovial fluid (SF) is an important means of understanding the pathogenesis of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and confirming diagnoses made using traditional methods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not SF visfatin levels can serve as a biochemical marker in the diagnosis of TMD. METHOD: Sixty samples of SF were obtained from 60 patients with internal derangement (ID) or osteoarthritis (OA)...
February 1, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376479/tooth-loss-and-craniofacial-factors-associated-with-changes-in-mandibular-condylar-morphology
#6
Vandilson Pinheiro Rodrigues, Benedito Viana Freitas, Izabel Cristina Vieira de Oliveira, Pedro César Fernandes Dos Santos, Heloiza Viana Freitas de Melo, Jose Bosio
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between tooth loss and craniofacial factors with changes in mandibular condylar morphology. METHODS: A total of 123 patients participated in this cross-sectional study. The mandibular condylar morphology was evaluated using digital panoramic radiography. The exposure variables included gender, age group, molar relationship, facial growth pattern, facial asymmetry, dental midline, posterior crossbite, presence of fixed dental prosthesis, and tooth loss...
January 29, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376478/relationship-of-self-reported-sleep-bruxism-and-awake-bruxism-with-chronotype-profiles-in-italian-dental-students
#7
Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Frank Lobbezoo, Patricia Correa-Faria, Luca Lombardo, Giuseppe Siciliani, Edoardo Stellini, Daniele Manfredini
OBJECTIVES: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the association between possible sleep bruxism (SB) and awake bruxism (AB) with sleep characteristics and chronotype (i.e. circadian cycle preference). METHODS: One-hundred-nineteen young adults filled out a self-reported questionnaire to assess SB and AB, a questionnaire about daily life aspects, as well as the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) to profile chronotype. RESULTS: The frequency of self-reported SB and AB was 25...
January 29, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359644/osseous-changes-of-the-mandibular-condyle-affect-backward-rotation-of-the-mandibular-ramus-in-angle-class-ii-orthodontic-patients-with-idiopathic-condylar-resorption-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#8
Takashi S Kajii, Takahiro Fujita, Yui Sakaguchi, Kaoru Shimada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether osseous changes of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condyle affect backward rotation of the mandibular ramus in Angle Class II orthodontic patients with idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR). METHODS: Twenty Japanese women with Class II malocclusion with ICR (ICR group) and 24 women with Class II malocclusion without ICR (non-ICR group) were examined. Pre-treatment panoramic radiographs were used to measure condylar ratios. Pre-treatment lateral cephalograms were used to evaluate maxillofacial morphology...
January 23, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336237/masticatory-function-and-oral-stereognosis-in-bruxers
#9
Mariana Barbosa Câmara-Souza, Olívia Maria Costa Figueredo, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mastication and oral sensory function of individuals with and without sleep bruxism. METHODS: The sample comprised 60 volunteers, of which 30 were bruxers (mean age = 30.5 ± 6.0) and 30 non-bruxers (mean age = 28.6 ± 3.3). Sleep bruxism was clinically diagnosed and confirmed using the Bruxoff® device. Mastication was evaluated according to swallowing threshold and masticatory efficiency. Swallowing threshold was determined from the median particle size of Optosil®, obtained after an individualized number of masticatory cycles, which was first determined by chewing peanuts; masticatory efficiency was estimated by the sieving method...
January 16, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327675/the-relationship-between-oral-tori-and-bite-force
#10
Chan-Woo Jeong, Kyung-Ho Kim, Hyo-Won Jang, Hye-Sun Kim, Jong-Ki Huh
Objective The relationship between bite force and torus palatinus or mandibularis remains to be explained. The major aim of this study was to determine the correlation between bite force and oral tori. Methods The bite force of 345 patients was measured with a bite force recorder; impressions of the shape and size of the oral tori were taken on plaster models prior to orthodontic treatments. Subsequently, the relationship between oral tori and bite force was analyzed. Results The size, shape, and incidence of torus palatinus was not significantly correlated with bite force...
January 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327673/evaluation-of-the-electromyographic-fatigue-of-the-masseter-and-temporalis-muscles-in-individuals-with-osteoporosis
#11
Veridiana Wanshi Arnoni, Paulo Batista de Vasconcelos, Luiz Gustavo de Sousa, Bruno Ferreira, Marcelo Palinkas, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Gabriel Pádua da Silva, Solange Aparecida Caldeira Monteiro, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo, Selma Siéssere
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the electromyographic fatigue of the masseter and temporalis muscles in individuals with and without osteoporosis. Methods Median frequency of the initial, mid, and final periods of the electromyographic signal in the 33 subjects with osteoporosis (OG) and 33 subjects without osteoporosis [control (CG)] was analyzed. Results OG showed a decrease in median frequency along the electromyographic signal, with a significant difference for the right masseter: initial vs...
January 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327661/evaluations-of-the-tongue-and-hyoid-bone-positions-and-pharyngeal-airway-dimensions-after-maxillary-protraction-treatment
#12
Dong-Min Hwang, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoon Jeong Choi, Chung-Ju Hwang
Objective To assess changes in the tongue and hyoid bone positions and airway dimensions after maxillary protraction using lateral cephalograms. Methods Lateral cephalograms were obtained before (C0) and after (C1) an observation period for untreated children with skeletal Class I malocclusion and before (T0), immediately after (T1), and one year after (T2) maxillary protraction in children with skeletal Class III malocclusion. Cephalometric measurements were compared between the time points in both patient groups...
January 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327658/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-il-1-receptor-1-in-the-discs-of-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-dysfunction
#13
Luis Eduardo Almeida, Adam Sorenson, Kyle Hresko, Seth Butcher, Rosalia Leonardi, Carla Loreto, Jose Bosio, Lobat Tayebi, Andrea Doetzer
Objective Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) may affect a patient's quality of life, and one of the etiologies can be anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR) and anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWoR). Interleukin 1 Receptor 1 (IL-1R1) is a membrane receptor that plays an important role on initiating immune and inflammatory response by binding the agonists ligands of IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate, through immunohistochemical analysis, the association of IL-1R1 with TMD...
January 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318948/a-comparative-clinical-study-of-temporomandibular-disorder-patients-in-the-otolaryngology-clinic-versus-a-rheumatology-clinic
#14
Kamal G Effat, Abeer Berty
Objective Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) may be associated with local or widespread symptoms, including pain. The aim of this study was to compare clinical features of TMD patients presenting to an otolaryngology clinic with TMD patients presenting to a rheumatology clinic. Methods The study included 107 patients in the otolaryngology setting and 103 patients in the rheumatology setting. A comparison between both groups was made regarding the clinical data. Results Patients in the otolaryngology setting featured more otological symptoms, compared with those in the rheumatology setting...
January 10, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318946/analysis-of-facial-soft-tissue-values-and-cranial-skeletal-widths-in-different-body-mass-index-percentile-adolescent-subjects
#15
S Kutalmış Buyuk, Esra Genc, Huseyin Simsek, Ahmet Karaman
Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze facial soft tissue thickness and cranial skeletal transverse widths in adolescent subjects with different body mass index (BMI) percentiles. Methods The 80 subjects were divided into three groups according to BMI percentile: normal-weight, overweight, and obese adolescent subjects. Facial soft tissue linear and cranial skeletal transversal width measurements were performed on lateral and postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs. Results Glabella, nasion, pogonion, and gnathion soft tissue thicknesses were significantly different among normal-weight, overweight, and obese subjects (p < 0...
January 10, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308993/the-role-of-occlusion-in-temporomandibular-disorders-tmd-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-nfbc-1966
#16
Päivi Jussila, Laura Krooks, Ritva Näpänkangas, Jari Päkkilä, Raija Lähdesmäki, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Aune Raustia
Objective To investigate the role of occlusion in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC 1966). Methods Subjects (n = 1962) participated in clinical medical and dental examinations. The association between TMD signs and diagnoses with occlusal disturbances, i.e. malocclusions and occlusal interferences, was examined. Pearson's chi-square test, as expressed by odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) and logistic regression models, were used in the analysis...
January 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216797/mandibular-condylar-dimensions-correlation-between-3d-tomography-and-dried-skull-measurements
#17
Rafaela Scariot, Briana Gonsar, Navenett Gill, Fabio Furquim, Paola Fernanda Cotait de Lucas Corso, Paula Cristina Trevillato, Anitha Potluri, Alexandre Rezende Vieira
Objective Compare the anatomical dimensions of mandibular condyles with the same CBCT measurements. Methods Four landmarks were identified on the condyles of dried skulls and are measured with their corresponding areas in CBCT images: Right Width of Condyle (RW), Left Width of Condyle (LW), Right Length of Condyle (RL), and Left Length of Condyle (LL). Results With respect to direct measurements on the dry skulls, statistically significant differences were found between sexes (p < 0.001). When the real values were compared with the CBCT, it was observed that the bias depends on the magnitude of the measurement...
December 8, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191153/the-effect-of-specially-designed-and-managed-occlusal-devices-on-patient-symptoms-of-tinnitus-a-cohort-study
#18
L Parnell Taylor, Wayne O Sletten, Thomas D Dumont
Objective Bioesthetic maxillary anterior guided orthoses (BMAGOs) were designed and adjusted to establish the mandibular location referred to as stable seated condylar position SSCP. This study demonstrates treatment efficacy of this device on tinnitus. Methods All patients had histories of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), head, neck and shoulder pain. Each patient wore the BMAGO at all times, eating, talking and sleeping with it functioning as a surrogate occlusion. Patients were seen every two weeks for adjustments...
November 30, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182055/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-presenting-as-the-temporomandibular-disorder-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Wen-Juh Hwang, Kevin Huang, Jehn-Shyun Huang
BACKGROUND: Spasticity and pain in the masticatory muscles or mouth opening limitation have been reported as early signs and symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These signs and symptoms are also frequently seen in, and thus mistaken for, temporomandibular disorders (TMD). CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The authors report a case of ALS initially presenting with signs and symptoms of TMD. The TMD was followed by dysarthria of insidious onset, leading to the diagnosis of ALS...
November 28, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179652/the-effectiveness-of-an-occlusal-disclosure-sheet-to-diagnose-sleep-bruxism-a-pilot-study
#20
Hiromichi Hokama, Chihiro Masaki, Taro Mukaibo, Shintaro Tsuka, Yusuke Kondo, Ryuji Hosokawa
Objective To evaluate the utility of vacuum-pressed, BruxChecker® sheets for the diagnosis of sleep bruxism. Methods Twenty subjects participated in this study. Tooth contact during sleep was recorded using a 0.1 mm-thick polyvinyl chloride sheet called BruxChecker®. The area of the BruxChecker® in which the red dye was removed was measured. In addition, the EMG activity of the masseter muscle during sleep was recorded. The numbers of bruxism bursts and episodes were counted, and their correlations with the peeled area of the red dye on the BruxChecker® were evaluated...
November 27, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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