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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

Ilaria De Giorgi, Tommaso Castroflorio, Giovanni Cugliari, Andrea Deregibus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an occlusal splint on body posture of intra-articular temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders patients. METHODS: The study was performed on 45 women affected by TMJ disorders divided into an occlusal splint group and a control group. Rasterstereographic recordings were performed at baseline and after 1, 3, and 6 months, in order to analyze the following postural parameters: trunk inclination, cervical and lumbar arrows, kyphotic and lordotic angles, trunk imbalance, pelvic tilt and torsion...
September 14, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Simona Maria Iacob, Andrea Maria Chisnoiu, Liana Maria Lascu, Antonela Marcela Berar, Daniela Studnicska, Mirela Ioana Fluerasu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether PostureScreen® Mobile app is a useful, simple tool that is accessible for dentists to evaluate the correlation between malocclusion and posture. METHODS: Twenty-nine subjects underwent static and dynamic dental occlusion examinations and a postural exam with PostureScreen® Mobile app, a photographic method. The subjects were divided into groups depending on their static and dynamic occlusion features. The postural parameters were then compared between these groups...
September 10, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Sevgi Özdinç, Hilal Ata, Halit Selçuk, Hilal Başak Can, Nimet Sermenli, Fatma Nesrin Turan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and associated risk factors. METHODS: This study was conducted using 212 university students. Based on the Fonseca anamnestic index, the population was divided into two groups: those with TMD and those without TMD. The two groups were compared in terms of global body posture, craniohorizontal and craniovertebral angles, neck and temporomandibular joint range of motion, stress level, and sleep quality...
September 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Yeon-Hee Lee, Suk Chon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate possible relationships among hematologic factors, psychological dimensions, the presence of self-reported sleep problems, and clinical characteristics in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: Twenty-five postmenopausal female patients with primary BMS (aged 55.2 ± 9.6 years) were included. All participants underwent clinical and psychological evaluations and blood sampling. The patients were subdivided according to the absence or presence of the self-reported sleep problems...
August 31, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Primo Guilherme Vargas Pasqual, Rodrigo Lorenzi Poluha, Ênio Tadashi Setogutti, Eduardo Grossmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate joint effusion and positioning of the articular disc through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after two different arthrocentesis techniques. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with dislocation of the articular disc without reduction (ADDwoR) were included and randomly divided into two groups: single needle arthrocentesis with distention of the upper compartment of the TMJ (A1) and conventional arthrocentesis with 2 needles (A2). RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was observed between the different effusion categories (p = 0...
August 30, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Duygu Goller Bulut, Fatma Avci, Gözde Özcan
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was planned to analyze masticatory activation in bruxism patients with and without attrition by ultrasonographic evaluation of mandibular adductor muscles. METHODS: Sixty bruxism patients (group 1: 30 without attrition, group 2: 30 with attrition) and an age-sex matched control of 30 (group 3) were clinically examined. The thickness of bilateral temporalis and masseter muscles during clench and rest was measured by ultrasonography. RESULTS: The mean muscle thicknesses were higher in bruxing patients than in controls...
August 28, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Shaista Afroz, Mio Naritani, Hidehiko Hosoki, Yoshizo Matsuka
BACKGROUND: Posterior disc displacement (PDD) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is quite rare. The normal position of a disc is slightly anterior to the condyle, so the chances of disc displacement to the posterior direction are low. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old Japanese female reported with a chief complaint of lack of occlusion on the right-side molar teeth. Clinical examination revealed lack of occlusal contact in the right posterior region, nearly normal range of mouth opening (41...
August 28, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Yusuf Emes, Itır Şebnem Bilici, Buket Aybar, Erkan Sancaklı, Halim Issever, Serhat Yalcin
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to evaluate if occlusal types affect the type of temporomandibular disorders and if the onset of complaints are related to the type of internal derangements. METHODS: One hundred thirty-four patients were evaluated. Occlusion types were grouped as Angle Class I, II, and III. The temporomandibular disorders were classified as masticatory muscle disorders, anterior disc dislocation with reduction, and anterior disc dislocation without reduction...
August 28, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Karen Galloway, Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Kenneth Heffner, Macario Camacho
OBJECTIVE: Minor surgeries on the oral cavity, e.g., frenulectomies, are often performed under general mask anesthesia. The objective is to present the nasal cannula technique for ventilating step-by-step method for ventilating during general anesthesia for minor surgeries in neonates and pediatric patients. TECHNIQUE: The nasal cannula technique for ventilating has been used in over 20 pediatric cases (neonates and toddlers), without the need to re-mask during the procedure and without complications or oxygen desaturations...
August 14, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Anna Colonna, Daniele Manfredini, Luca Lombardo, Luca Muscatello, Rosario Marchese-Ragona, Niki Arveda, Giuseppe Siciliani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between volumetric measurements of craniofacial morphology and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). METHODS: Computerized tomography (CT) scans of 20 individuals aged 18 to 40 with (TMD group) or without TMJ pain (control group) were gathered based on a case-control design. Three-dimensional reconstructions were performed to evaluate the gonial angle, condylar volume, and the distance between the posterior edge of the condyle and the sigmoid notch...
August 14, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Alain Haggiag, Jose Tadeu Tesseroli de Siqueira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the improvement in reducing the pain of patients diagnosed with masticatory myofascial pain and bruxism when undergoing treatment with a partial posterior interocclusal device for the management and control of awake bruxism through biofeedback. METHODS: Sixty patients were evaluated during the following periods: pretreatment, 7, 30, and 90 days. The evaluation was carried out by measuring the reduction in pain using clinical and numerical scales...
August 11, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Amândio Dias, Luís Redinha, Gonçalo V Mendonça, Pedro Pezarat-Correia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review on the effectiveness of occlusal splints for improving muscle strength. Occlusal splints are oral appliances that cause joint stabilization. METHODS: A mix of medical and sports science terms was used to perform the search on several databases (Web of Science, Science Direct, SPORT Discus, PubMed, and Springer). RESULTS: Twelve studies were reviewed, and their analysis indicates a trend pointing toward a limited interaction between the use of occlusal splints and improved muscle strength...
August 5, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Sirin Rabia Adisen, Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Ferabi Erhan Ozdiler
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of cervical vertebral anomalies (CVAs) in different skeletal malocclusions and to evaluate the relationship between upper airway dimension and vertebral anomalies. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on lateral cephalometric radiographs of 2062 patients aged 7-49 years. Skeletal malocclusion type, presence of CVAs, and upper airway area of 1856 patients who met the inclusion criteria of the study were recorded. The obtained data were transferred to the SPSS program for statistical analysis...
July 31, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Nathan J Pettit, Ronald C Auvenshine
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate change in hyoid bone position for patients suffering from myofascial pain and to evaluate the modified hyoid triangle as a three-dimensional cephalometric modality for measuring hyoid position. METHODS: Pre- and post-treatment CBCT scans for 30 female patients resolved of myofascial pain were reviewed by a blinded investigator using the modified hyoid triangle. Changes in dimensions of the hyoid triangle were analyzed with the t-test for paired comparisons...
July 31, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Emidgio Nogueira Coutinho, Kelly Pereira Rodrigues Dos Santos, Eduardo Henrique Barros Ferreira, Raydelane Grailea Silva Pinto, Mariana de Oliveira Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between self-reported sleep bruxism and temporomandibular disorder in undergraduate students from Brazil. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, carried out on 600 undergraduate students of a faculty from Brazil. The Fonseca's Anamnestic Index and the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder-axis II were used. RESULTS: Of the 600 students, women (63%), aged ≤23 years old (60...
July 26, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Afshin Teymoortash, Stephan Hoch, Daniel Weber, Thomas Wilhelm, Thomas Günzel
OBJECTIVE: A group of patients with recurrent parotitis had clinical symptoms suggesting an obstruction of the glandular duct system, though without any signs of sialoliths or other ductal pathologies. METHODS: Clinical and radiological data of five patients with recurrent obstructive parotitis and long-standing definite bruxism were reviewed retrospectively. Ultrasonography, MRI, and sialendoscopy were performed for evaluation of ductal pathologies as the cause of glandular obstruction...
July 26, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ebru İspirgil, Sinem Burcu Erdoğan, Ata Akın, Olcay Şakar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic effects of occlusal splint therapy on masseter muscles of patients with myofascial pain accompanied by bruxism with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS: Twenty-four patients were randomly divided into two groups, where the study group (n = 12) received occlusal splint therapy and the control group (n = 12) underwent no therapy. Measurements were categorized into four subgroups: painful or painless control and painful or painless splint...
July 26, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ilke Coskun Benlidayi, Rengin Guzel, Ufuk Tatli, Fariz Salimov, Onur Keceli
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the impact of neck pain on cervical alignment in patients with TMDs. METHOD: Patients diagnosed with TMDs between November 2013 and November 2015 were included. All subjects underwent lateral cervical X-ray evaluation and completed the RDC/TMD Axis II Biobehavioral Questionnaire for TMDs. Patients with neck pain also completed the Neck Pain & Disability Scale (NPDS). Cervical lordosis angle was measured according to C2-C7 Cobb's method...
July 26, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Eduardo Grossmann, Rodrigo Lorenzi Poluha, Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki, Liogi Iwaki Filho
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of arthrocentesis when varying the irrigation volume in patients with disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). METHODS: Thirty DDWOR patients were equally divided into two groups: G1 (50 mL) and G2 (200 mL). Information was compared for pain, the maximum interincisal distance (MID), protrusion, and right and left laterality. RESULTS: Arthrocentesis was able to reduce the pain and increase the MID, protrusion, and both laterality values significantly one year after the procedure (p < 0...
July 26, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Valeria Luzzi, Marco Brunori, Sergio Terranova, Carlo Di Paolo, Gaetano Ierardo, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete upper airway collapse during sleep with consequent oxygen desaturations and cardiovascular, neurological, and metabolic impairment. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The authors report the case of a 66-year-old male presenting "metabolic syndrome" (obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, multi-drug treated arterial hypertension), atopy, mouth breathing due to turbinate hypertrophy, and pathological daytime sleepiness...
July 26, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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