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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

Joanna Kuć, Krzysztof Dariusz Szarejko, Krzysztof Aleksandrowicz, Maria Gołębiewska
BACKGROUND: Kimmerle anomaly belongs to the anatomic varieties of the first cervical vertebra. The clinical pattern is dominated by vascular- and neurogenic-type headaches, dizziness, decreased postural muscle tension, and vegetative symptoms. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old woman who suffered from headache and pain in the left temporomandibular joint underwent clinical examination, electromyography of masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint vibration analysis, cone beam computed tomography, and soft tissue mobilization...
January 4, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Janey Prodoehl, Steven Kraus, Gary D Klasser, Kathy D Hall
OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of entry-level physical therapist (PT) education related to the diagnosis and management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in accredited, entry-level United States PT programs. METHODS: An electronic survey explored specific TMD diagnostic and management curricular content, including the use of evidence-based diagnostic criteria, opportunities for students to interact with individuals with TMD, and faculty qualifications. RESULTS: Eighty-four programs completed the survey...
January 4, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Kamal G Effat
OBJECTIVE: Facial pain associated with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is considered a component of Costen's syndrome. However, prior to the current study, no previous clinical and radiographic studies have addressed facial pain in patients with TMD. METHODS: The study included 212 patients with chronic facial pain examined in an otolaryngology clinic. These were stratified into 132 patients with TMD and 80 patients without TMD. Clinical and radiographic findings were documented in both groups...
January 4, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Salih Eren Meral, Hakan Hıfzı Tüz, Özgür Başlarlı
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient satisfaction with botulinum toxin type A injections for the management of masticatory myofascial pain and dysfunction. METHODS: The study group included 25 patients with myofascial pain and dysfunction. Maximum mouth opening (MMO), measured with a ruler, and pain, measured on a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS), were assessed before treatment and six weeks after treatment. Satisfaction with the treatment, measured on a 10-cm VAS, was obtained six weeks post-treatment...
January 2, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
ShiYao Liu, LinHui Shen, RuoPing Jiang, JiuXiang Lin, TianMin Xu
OBJECTIVE: To characterize ethnic differences between Chinese and White-Americans between 8.5 and 17.5 years of age, with respect to transverse cephalometric characteristics and to establish transverse craniofacial normative values for Chinese adolescents. METHODS: Two-hundred fifty-seven and 547 posteroanterior cephalograms were selected from 35 White-Americans and 157 Chinese with individual normal occlusions. Transverse measurements were obtained and compared between ethnicities to guide determination of normative values for Chinese adolescents...
December 20, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Isabela de Castro Souza, Tahyná Duda Deps Almeida, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: Identify factors associated with the prevalence of reported bruxism in children/adolescents with Down Syndrome (DS). METHODS: The study included 112 children/adolescents with DS and their parents/caregivers. Oral habits, pacifier/finger sucking, upper respiratory infections (<six months), and breathing type (nasal/buccal) were diagnosed. Reported bruxism was recorded through parents' report ("Does your child have audible teeth grinding?")...
December 18, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Sergio Paduano, Rosaria Bucci, Roberto Rongo, Roberta Silva, Ambra Michelotti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional epidemiologic study was to estimate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and oral parafunctions in Italian adolescents and to assess the associations between age, gender, oral habits, and TMD. METHODS: Three hundred sixty-one adolescents, aged 14-18 years, were examined for TMDs according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. Furthermore, oral habits were explored by means of a written questionnaire...
December 14, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Milica Jeremic-Knezevic, Aleksandar Knezevic, Nikola Boban, Daniela Djurovic Koprivica, Jasmina Boban
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to correlate degree of depression, somatization, and chronic pain in asymptomatic women with clinical findings, using Research Diagnostic Criteria/Temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD). METHODS: A total of 200 female participants, ages 18-65, filled out a standard RDC/TMD axis II form for the assessment of chronic pain, disability, depression, and non-specific physical symptoms and underwent clinical examination of the temporomandibular joint...
December 11, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Hee Jin Lee, Seong Taek Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships among sleep quality, perceived pain, and psychological distress among patients with TMJ and orofacial pain. METHODS: The authors examined 3276 patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) who visited the Orofacial Pain Clinic at Yonsei University College of Dentistry. The authors conducted a survey using the sleep-quality questionnaire and classified TMD patients into two groups based on Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. For statistical analysis, the authors calculated the correlations between pain intensity as measured using a numeric rating scale (NRS) and various factors...
November 27, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Aydin Keskinruzgar, Aysun Kalenderoglu, Günay Yapici Yavuz, Mahmut Koparal, Ali Simsek, Ayse Sevgi Karadag, Mustafa Utkun
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the anxiety and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in patients with sleep bruxism (SB) and to develop objective measurements to assess the neurodegenerative and inflammatory processes associated with this disease. METHODS: A group of 40 SB patients were compared with a control group consisting of 40 healthy individuals (without SB). Anxiety results and the OCT measurements of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and choroidal thickness were assessed in both groups...
November 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Yasemin Nur Korkmaz, Suleyman Kutalmış Buyuk, Esra Genç
OBJECTIVE: Increased body mass index (BMI) is a growing problem worldwide and can affect medical conditions through morphological structures. The purpose of this study was to examine the hyoid bone position and pharyngeal airway dimensions on the sagittal section in different BMI percentile adolescent subjects. METHODS: Fifty-five adolescent patients were subdivided into three groups, considering their BMI percentiles: Normal-weight (16 subjects), overweight (20 subjects), and obese (19 subjects)...
November 5, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Alessandro Nota, Silvia Caruso, Shideh Ehsani, Alberto Baldini, Simona Tecco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the mandibular condylar volumein a sample of subjects 11-26 years old. METHODS: CBCT condylescans from 94 patients (mean age 18.2 ± 4.5 y) acquired with areconstructed layer thickness of 0.5 mm and a 512×512 matrix were examined. Data on condylar volume were compared among three groups with different age ranges: 11-16 years, 17-21years, and 22-26 years. Condylar volumetric measurements were performed with Mimics™ software...
October 24, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Donna Knauss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Patrick Girouard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
John A Krasowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Soo-Min Ok, Seung-Min Lee, Hae Ryoun Park, Sung-Hee Jeong, Ching-Chang Ko, Yong-Il Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify a marker for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) diagnosis by comparing the concentrations of urinary pyridinoline (PYD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and C-terminal telopeptides type I collagen (CTX-I), and CTX-II of TMJ OA patients with those of a non-symptomatic group. METHODS: PYD, DPD, CTX-I, and CTX-II concentrations in the urine of 36 non-symptomatic subjects and 31 TMJ OA subjects were analyzed...
November 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Maria Grazia Piancino, Michele Tepedino, Francesco Cavarra, Ennio Bramanti, Giuseppina Laganà, Claudio Chimenti, Stefano Cirillo
OBJECTIVE: To compare morphologic findings in MRI and skeletal divergence of a group of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) subdivided into condylar symmetric and asymmetric. METHODS: Fifty-nine adults (26.7 years old) with TMD were retrospectively recruited. Condylar height symmetry was evaluated by orthopantomography (Habets's method) and used to divide patients into Symmetric and Asymmetric groups; skeletal divergence was assessed on lateral cephalograms...
October 17, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ricardo De Souza Tesch, Fabrício Sanches Fernandes, Eduardo Esberard Favilla, Gilberto Senechal De Goffredo Filho, Cristiana Pessoa De Queiroz Faria Goes
OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of non-specific physical symptoms and pressure pain threshold (PPT) found in patients with masticatory myofascial pain with those found in patients with temporomandibular arthralgia alone. METHODS: The study followed an observational and cross-sectional protocol. A total of 64 female patients were evaluated for the presence of painful TMD, non-specific physical symptom levels, and PPT. RESULTS: The group of patients with masticatory myofascial pain presented a lower mean for PPT as well as a higher mean for standardized T-Scores for non-specific physical symptom levels...
October 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mehmet Cem Özden, Berkem Atalay, Ali Veysel Özden, Abdülkadir Burak Çankaya, Erdinç Kolay, Sami Yıldırım
OBJECTIVE: This randomized, single-center clinical trial aimed to compare the efficacy of superficial dry needling (SDN) and deep dry needling (DDN) in patients with myofascial temporomandibular disorder (MTMD) related to the masseter muscle. METHODS: Forty patients showing MTMD with trigger points in the masseter muscle were randomly assigned to groups. Dry needling of the masseter muscle was performed once per week for three weeks. Pressure pain threshold (PPT) measurements, visual analog scale scores, and maximal jaw opening were assessed...
October 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mehmet Ali Altay, Alexandra Radu, Sean E Pack, Nelli Yıldırımyan, Andres Flores-Hidalgo, Dale A Baur, Faisal A Quereshy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate and report the outcomes associated with the management of patients who were treated surgically for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). METHODS: Demographic and medical profiles of patients with a diagnosis of MRONJ were created. The type of surgical treatment, complications, and treatment outcomes were identified. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients with an average age of 68.42 years (range 40-90 years) were included...
October 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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