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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

Brandon Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Sara Oliveira Aguiar, Ivana Meyer Prado, Karen Simon Rezende Silveira, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Sheyla Márcia Auad, Saul Martins Paiva, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra
OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep bruxism prevalence and its association with circadian preference and sleep-related characteristics among dental students. METHODS: Dental students of the Federal University of Minas Gerais participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants answered a scale assessing individuals' circadian preference, and a questionnaire regarding sleep-related characteristics and behaviors, history of muscle ache in the temporomandibular area, and history of bruxism...
May 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Miguel Maulén-Yáñez, Walther Meeder-Bella, Patricio Javier Videla-Jiménez, Wilfredo Alejandro González-Arriagada
Objective To study the association between mandibular kinematics and muscular diagnoses in temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Method Retrospective, descriptive clinical study based on an analysis of 370 clinical records of muscle diagnoses in TMD. Statistical analysis was performed with the SPSS program. Results Five different muscle diagnoses were considered. Myospasm and centrally mediated myalgia were discarded from the statistical analysis because of their low incidences. The diagnoses included in the analysis were protective co-contraction, myofascial pain, and myalgia...
May 7, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Rodolfo Miralles, Natalia Andrea Gamboa, Mario Felipe Gutiérrez, Hugo Santander, Saúl Valenzuela, Ricardo Bull, Aler Daniel Fuentes, Rosa Córdova
Objective To compare the effect of breathing type on electromyographic (EMG) activity of respiratory muscles during tooth clenching at different decubitus positions. Methods Forty young men participants were included, 11 with upper costal, 9 with mixed, and 20 with costo-diaphragmatic breathing type. EMG recordings of diaphragm (DIA), external intercostal (EIC), sternocleidomastoid (SCM), and latissimus dorsi (LAT) muscles during tooth clenching in the intercuspal position were performed in dorsal, left lateral, and ventral decubitus positions...
May 7, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Natsuki Segami, Takayuki Nojima
Background Ganglion cysts in the temporomandibular joint are treated by resection; however, there has been insufficient discussion regarding the appropriate approach for surgical resection. Clinical presentation A 55-year-old man presented with a left preauricular swelling for one year. The examination revealed a moderately hard mass with a 30-mm diameter, tenderness, and restricted movement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a cystic lesion with a 25 mm-long axis. Considering a diagnosis of temporomandibular cyst, separation of the cyst wall through a preauricular incision was attempted...
April 23, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Filiz Keyf, Defne Burduroğlu, Selma Fırat Güven, Bülent Çiftçi
Background Oral appliance therapy for obstructive sleep apnea can be helpful in mild and moderate cases. This clinical report evaluates the efficacy of a protocol that predicts an optimal jaw position and describes the response of a young OSA patient to treatment. Clinical Presentation A 27-year-old woman was diagnosed with moderate OSA and had an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 25.8/hr. In order to fabricate a custom device, an alternative procedure to determine the optimal protrusion and vertical positioning of the jaw was applied...
April 18, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
H Clifton Simmons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Fulvia Costantinides, Silvia Parisi, Ingrid Tonni, Christiane Bodin, Erica Vettori, Giuseppe Perinetti, Roberto Di Lenarda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the accuracy and the diagnostic reliability of kinesiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosis of patients presenting temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A literature survey carried out through PubMed, SCOPUS, LILIACS, and the Cochrane Library from the inceptions to the last access on August 18 2016 was performed to locate randomized clinical trials, controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, or retrospective studies (with or without a control group), that examined the diagnostic reliability of recording devices of mandibular movements in comparison to MRI...
April 8, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Luis Eduardo Almeida, Kyle Hresko, Adam Sorenson, Seth Butcher, Lobat Tayebi, Rosalia Leonardi, Carla Loreto, Jose Bosio, Flavio Camejo, Andrea Doetzer
Objective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) is a transmembrane protein involved in the innate immune system and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD). The purpose of this study was to histologically examine the level of expression of TLR-4 relative to severity of TMD. Methods Thirty-one human TMJ disc samples were immunostained for TLR-4 and evaluated for intensity of stain. Among the samples, 8 were control samples, 16 were from patients with anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR), and 7 were from patients with anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDwoR)...
April 2, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Saeid Nokar, Leyla Sadighpour, Hamed Shirzad, Afsaneh Shahrokhi Rad, Alireza Keshvad
Objective This study sought to assess the clinical signs and subjective symptoms of TMD, including the occlusal condition. Methods Recruited individuals included 123 patients (58 men, 65 women) aged 15 to 65 years (mean 38.6 years) who had been referred to the TMD department. Helkimo dysfunction, occlusal, and anamnestic indices were used to assess signs of TMD, occlusal condition, and symptoms, respectively. Relationships of occlusal factors with signs and symptoms of TMD were evaluated by Spearman's correlation test...
March 30, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Paul Koole, Adriaan J J Zonnenberg, Jan Mulder
Objective A survey was held to establish whether laypeople knew the location of their temporomandibular joint. Methods A sample of 61 participants, visiting their dental office for a routine check-up, was given a three-question survey of whether they knew the location of their temporomandibular joint and could point to this location. Results Thirty-eight participants answered the question affirmatively. Only 13 pointed to the correct location. Of these, six participants received consultation for TMD in the past, three participants were healthcare providers, and four participants actually had knowledge of the exact location...
March 25, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Amanda Fonteque Giozet, Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki, Eduardo Grossmann, Isolde Terezinha Santos Previdelli, Gustavo Nascimento de Souza Pinto, Liogi Iwaki Filho
Objective To correlate the clinical aspects of symptomatic patients with chronic articular disc displacement with reduction with alterations in the articular disc (AD) morphology and sagittal position. Methods Records from 109 patients were selected that included data on AD morphology and sagittal position as determined by MRI. According to the MRI results, the sagittal position and AD morphology with opened and closed mouth were correlated with many clinical variables. Results More than half of the patients studied were female, and the biconcave and hemiconvex morphologies were most common...
March 23, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Alime Okkesim, Melda Misirlioglu, Selmi Yilmaz
Objective To compare the differences in masticatory muscle volume and occlusal force distribution between patients with sleep bruxism (SB) and healthy individuals. Methods The study was performed on 14 SB patients and 12 controls aged between 20 and 27 years. Magnetic resonance images from a previous clinical trial were used for volumetric measurements of masticatory muscles. Distribution of bite forces was recorded using T-Scan® II. T-tests were used for data comparison. Results The mean age of the subjects was 23 ± 1...
March 20, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Luz V Mendoza-García, Irene A Espinosa de Santillana, Victor Hernández Vidal
Objective To analyze the association between mandibular vertical asymmetry and the presence of TMD in adult patients. Methods This case-control study recruited patients from the orthodontic clinic at FEBUAP. Patients were classified on the basis of diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD). Panoramic radiographs were measured to determine mandibular vertical asymmetry indices according to criteria described by Kjellberg and Habets. Both methods (DC/TMD and index criteria) were standardized a priori...
March 13, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ana Maria Wintergerst, Filiberto Hernández-Sánchez
Objective To develop reference data for young men/women on the variability of parameters used for the evaluation of masticatory function with an artificial test food. Methods Subjects included were 200 18-25-year olds with complete dentition and "normal" occlusion. An artificial test food was chewed in two tests (20 cycles and swallowing threshold), during which sequences/cycles were counted and timed. Medium-particle-size (MPS) and broadness of particle distribution were calculated evaluating the chewed material...
February 22, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
John E Mitakides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Noshir R Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Maria Fernanda Rabelo Bozzini, José Valladares-Neto, João Batista de Paiva, José Rino-Neto
OBJECTIVES: To compare the pharyngeal airway dimensions in adults with skeletal Class III malocclusion and well-balanced faces, to ascertain whether sex can influence such measurements and to correlate skeletal pattern with pharyngeal dimensions. METHODOLOGY: Fifty adults were recruited and assigned to two groups: skeletal Class III (n = 25; 12 males and 13 females, mean age = 26.1 years), and skeletal Class I (n = 25; 11 males and 14 females, mean age = 26...
March 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Daniele Manfredini, Silvia Cerea, Chiara Pavan, Luca Guarda-Nardini
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed at investigating personality traits in chronic temporomandibular joints (TMJ) pain patients with and without joint effusion. METHODS: Two groups of chronic TMJ pain patients were recruited. The TMJ pain control group was composed of patients showing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of TMJ effusion, while the TMJ pain test group included patients with chronic TMJ pain seemingly not justified, due to the absence of MRI-detected disorders...
March 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Nikolaus Ballenberger, Harry von Piekartz, Mira Danzeisen, Toby Hall
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical patterns of impairment affecting the cervical spine and masticatory systems in different subcategories of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) by an explorative data-driven approach. METHODS: For this observational study, 144 subjects were subdivided according to Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs into: Healthy controls, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) signs without symptoms, TMJ affected, temporomandibular muscles affected, or TMJ and muscles affected...
March 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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