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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

Rafaela Scariot, Briana Gonsar, Navenett Gill, Fabio Furquim, Paola Fernanda Cotait de Lucas Corso, Paula Cristina Trevillato, Anitha Potluri, Alexandre Rezende Vieira
Objective Compare the anatomical dimensions of mandibular condyles with the same CBCT measurements. Methods Four landmarks were identified on the condyles of dried skulls and are measured with their corresponding areas in CBCT images: Right Width of Condyle (RW), Left Width of Condyle (LW), Right Length of Condyle (RL), and Left Length of Condyle (LL). Results With respect to direct measurements on the dry skulls, statistically significant differences were found between sexes (p < 0.001). When the real values were compared with the CBCT, it was observed that the bias depends on the magnitude of the measurement...
December 8, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
L Parnell Taylor, Wayne O Sletten, Thomas D Dumont
Objective Bioesthetic maxillary anterior guided orthoses (BMAGOs) were designed and adjusted to establish the mandibular location referred to as stable seated condylar position SSCP. This study demonstrates treatment efficacy of this device on tinnitus. Methods All patients had histories of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), head, neck and shoulder pain. Each patient wore the BMAGO at all times, eating, talking and sleeping with it functioning as a surrogate occlusion. Patients were seen every two weeks for adjustments...
November 30, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Wen-Juh Hwang, Kevin Huang, Jehn-Shyun Huang
BACKGROUND: Spasticity and pain in the masticatory muscles or mouth opening limitation have been reported as early signs and symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These signs and symptoms are also frequently seen in, and thus mistaken for, temporomandibular disorders (TMD). CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The authors report a case of ALS initially presenting with signs and symptoms of TMD. The TMD was followed by dysarthria of insidious onset, leading to the diagnosis of ALS...
November 28, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Hiromichi Hokama, Chihiro Masaki, Taro Mukaibo, Shintaro Tsuka, Yusuke Kondo, Ryuji Hosokawa
Objective To evaluate the utility of vacuum-pressed, BruxChecker® sheets for the diagnosis of sleep bruxism. Methods Twenty subjects participated in this study. Tooth contact during sleep was recorded using a 0.1 mm-thick polyvinyl chloride sheet called BruxChecker®. The area of the BruxChecker® in which the red dye was removed was measured. In addition, the EMG activity of the masseter muscle during sleep was recorded. The numbers of bruxism bursts and episodes were counted, and their correlations with the peeled area of the red dye on the BruxChecker® were evaluated...
November 27, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ana Maria Bettoni Rodrigues da Silva, Laís Valencise Magri, Marco Antônio Moreira Rodrigues da Silva, Manoel Damião de Sousa Neto
OBJECTIVE: To verify if the maximal molar bite force (BF) and the electromyographic activity (EMG) are altered in TMD patients with abfraction lesions (AL) when compared to those without AL. METHODS: The sample was composed of 45 patients (18-60 years old), 30 diagnosed with TMD (RDC/TMD) (15 with AL and 15 without AL) and 15 controls. The BF and the EMG of the masticatory muscles (maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and chewing gum) were measured. RESULTS: TMD patients showed decreased BF (p < 0...
November 24, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mehmet Fatih Şentürk, Derya Yıldırım, Elif Bilgir
Objective To evaluate ultrasonography (US) guidance on the single-puncture temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthrocentesis technique. Methods Twenty-four patients were randomly divided into two groups (n = 12 in each group), and single puncture arthrocentesis (SPA) was performed with and without US guidance in groups 1 and 2. During the one-year follow-up period, the groups were statistically evaluated by the visual analog scale for pain, maximum mouth opening, lateral excursion, and protrusion within each group and between the two groups...
November 24, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Dan Jenkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Miguel Sanchez, Alejandro Cisneros, Larry F Wolff
Objective To assess the prevalence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and parafunctional habits as well as to investigate their association with age, gender, and number of missing teeth. Methods This retrospective study is based on 4204 randomly selected patients who were examined to determine their symptoms of TMD, such as clicking, difficulty chewing, difficulty opening/closing, as well self-reported joint pain and parafunctional habits. Results Clenching/grinding was reported by 26.5% of the examined population, clicking by 14...
November 16, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Eleonora Ortu, Davide Pietropaoli, Fray Adib, Chiara Masci, Mario Giannoni, Annalisa Monaco
Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of two techniques for fabricating a Bimler device by assessing the patient's surface electromyography (sEMG) activity at rest before treatment and six months after treatment. Methods Twenty-four patients undergoing orthodontic treatment were enrolled in the study; 12 formed the test group and wore a Bimler device fabricated with a Myoprint impression using neuromuscular orthodontic technique and 12 formed the control group and were treated by traditional orthodontic technique with a wax bite in protrusion...
November 16, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Larry M Wolford, Aluisio Galiano
Background Adolescent internal condylar resorption (AICR) is a temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathology that develops predominately in teenage females during pubertal growth (onset between ages 11 and 15 years), with a distinct clinical, radiographic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) presentation. Clinical and imaging presentation The condition usually occurs bilaterally with: (1) Progressive retrusion of the mandible; (2) High occlusal plane angle facial morphology; (3) Worsening Class II occlusion; and (4) TMJ symptoms such as pain, headaches, noises, etc...
November 10, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Geun-Shin Lee, Hye-Kyoung Kim, Mee-Eun Kim
Objective To identify potential risk factors of response to oral appliance in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods Fifteen OSA patients were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, cephalometric measurements, and the results of home sleep testing were retrospectively obtained at baseline, and a sleep test was done again at the end of treatment. Results Twelve subjects were responders and three were non-responders. The diastolic blood pressure, minimum pulse rate, SNA (Angle between sella-nasion and nasion-A point), ANB (Anteroposterior maxilla/mandible discrepancy), and facial convexity of non-responders was higher than those of responders...
November 8, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Tommaso Cutilli, Secondo Scarsella, Desiderio Di Fabio, Antonio Oliva, Maria Adelaide Continenza, Giacomo Sollecchia, Stefano Necozione, Sara Bernardi
Objective To define the association between mandibular fractures and alterations of the cranio-atlo-axial joint (CAAJ). Methods 315 cases of displaced mandibular fractures were retrospectively evaluated by CT scan and cervical X-ray for associated alterations of the CAAJ. Statistical analysis employed the chi-square and Cohen's kappa coefficient. Results Single fractures amounted to 69.84% and multiple fractures to 30.16% of total fractures. CT scans showed a rotation of the atlas on the same side of single fractures and subluxation of the CAAJ...
November 8, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Guzin Neda Hasanoglu Erbasar, Cansu Alpaslan
Objective To identify coping strategies used by patients with myalgia and to assess the influence of pain characteristics and coping attitudes on their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods One hundred patients diagnosed with myalgia due to temporomandibular disorders were included in this study. They were administered a three-part questionnaire. For preselecting associated coping variables, correlation analysis was performed between coping strategies and OHRQoL domains. A block-wise hierarchical multiple regression analysis was carried out to evaluate whether coping strategies had any influence on OHRQoL...
November 6, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Aluisio Galiano, Larry Wolford, João Gonçalves, Daniela Gonçalves
Objective To evaluate treatment outcomes for patients with TMJ adolescent internal condylar resorption (AICR) treated by a specific surgical protocol, including: (1) Removal of bilaminar tissue surrounding the condyle, (2) Articular disc repositioning with Mitek anchor technique, and (3) Concomitant orthognathic surgery. Methods This study evaluated 24 AICR patients treated by the specific surgical protocol with clinical subjective and objective examinations and lateral cephalogram assessments for surgical changes and long-term outcomes...
October 27, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Simona Tecco, Alessandro Nota, Silvia Caruso, Jasmina Primozic, Giuseppe Marzo, Alberto Baldini, Enrico Felice Gherlone
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prevalence of the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among Italian adolescents. METHODS: The data were recorded from 567 subjects (246 males and 321 females; age range 11-19 years), grouped according to age and molar class relationship. RESULTS: Forty-four point one percent of subjects showed at least one sign or symptom of TMD, which were significantly more frequent in the 16-19 year-old group (52...
October 26, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Tamer Celakil, Almina Muric, Bilge Gökcen Roehlig, Gulumser Evlioglu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of bio-oxidative ozone application with occlusal splints in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with pain. METHODS: Forty participants were selected after the diagnosis of TMD and randomly divided into two groups: ozone group (OG, n = 20) and occlusal splint group (OCSG, n = 20). Ozone was applied to patients three times per week, for a total of six sessions. Patients in the OCSG were instructed to use occlusal splints every night over a period of four weeks...
October 24, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Kaan Orhan, Hakan Avsever, Seçil Aksoy, Umut Seki, Poyzan Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: To report the number and frequency of incidental findings (IFs) detected during magnetic resonance (MR) imaging screening of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and to define related diseases. METHODS: Bilateral TMJ MR images in the sagittal and coronal sections, from 518 patients with TMJ symptoms were evaluated retrospectively. Patients who were diagnosed with IFs were sent for consultation and clarification of the findings. Patient age, gender, IFs, locations, and diseases were classified and noted...
October 17, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Steven Kraus, Janey Prodoehl
Objective To investigate physical therapy treatment outcomes and patient satisfaction in patients with a diagnosis of disc displacement without reduction with limited opening (DDWoR wLO). Methods Records of 97 patients with DDWoR wLO who received physical therapy in one outpatient clinic were used in this cross-sectional study. Outcomes included number of visits, maximum active interincisal opening, self-reported pain, and patient satisfaction. Results The average number of physical therapy visits per patient was 5...
October 4, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
James R McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Dan Jenkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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