Read by QxMD icon Read

Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry

Parisa Farrokh, Bagher Yakhchali, Ali Asghar Karkhane
Thermostable lipases have many applications in detergent industries and in organic synthesis. There are many ways to improve thermal stability of enzymes e.g., higher hydrophobicity, greater structural packing, higher content of the charged residues and lower thermolabile ones. In this study, thermolabile Gln (sensitive to higher temperatures) was substituted with Ala in native ELBn12 and mutated K173A lipases 2, to examine its effect on thermal stability and activity of the lipases. Single (Q177A) and double mutants (K173A/Q177A) were expressed in Escherichia coli pLysS...
July 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Sergio Oddi, Antonio Totaro, Lucia Scipioni, Beatrice Dufrusine, Tomasz Maciej Stepniewski, Jana Selent, Mauro Maccarrone, Enrico Dainese
In this study, we investigated the role of CB1 palmitoylation in modulating the functional interaction with G proteins both in the absence and in the presence of agonist binding. Our data show that the non-palmitoylated CB1 receptor significantly reduced its association with Gαi2 . The agonist-stimulation induced a partial dissociation of Gαi2 proteins from the wild-type receptor, while on the C415A mutant the agonist binding was not able to induce a significant dissociation of Gαi2 from the receptor. Our data suggest that the lack of palmitoyl chain hampers the ability of the receptor to functionally interact with the Gαi2 and indicate that the palmitoyl chain is responsible for the functional transmission of the agonist-induced conformational change of the receptor to the G protein...
July 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Wu Zou, Raihana Edros, Mohamed Al-Rubeai
The growing demand for recombinant therapeutics has driven biotechnologists to develop new production strategies. One such strategy for increasing the expression of heterologous proteins has focused on enhancing cell-specific productivity through environmental perturbations. In this work, the effects of hypothermia, hyperosmolarity, high shear stress, and sodium butyrate treatment on growth and productivity were studied using three (low-, medium-, and high-producing) CHO cell lines that differed in their specific productivities of monoclonal antibody...
July 6, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Huadong Peng, Lalehvash Moghaddam, Anthony Brinin, Brett Williams, Sagadevan Mundree, Victoria S Haritos
As promising alternatives to fossil-derived oils, microbial lipids are important as industrial feedstocks for biofuels and oleochemicals. Our broad aim is to increase lipid content in oleaginous yeast through expression of lipid accumulation genes and use Saccharomyces cerevisiae to functionally assess genes obtained from oil-producing plants and microalgae. Lipid accumulation genes DGAT (diacylglycerol acyltransferase), PDAT (phospholipid: diacylglycerol acyltransferase) and ROD1 (phosphatidylcholine: diacylglycerol choline-phosphotransferase) were separately expressed in yeast and lipid production measured by fluorescence, solvent extraction, TLC and GC of fatty acid methyl esters...
June 25, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Anderson Albino Gomes, Elisa Pazinatto Telli, Luiz Claudio Miletti, Everton Skoronski, Marcos Gomes Ghislandi, Gustavo Felippe da Silva, Maria de Lourdes Borba Magalhães
Optimization of cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis is crucial for cost-effective bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Enzyme immobilization in solid support allows enzyme recycling for reuse, lowering hydrolysis costs. Graphene is a nanomaterial isolated in 2004, which possesses exceptional properties for biomolecule immobilization. This study evaluates the potential for β-glucosidase recycling by immobilization on graphene nanosheets. Data reported here demonstrated that graphene-immobilized β-glucosidase can be recycled for at least eight cycles...
June 21, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Dong-Fang Xie, Hui Fang, Jia-Qi Mei, Jin-Yan Gong, Hong-Peng Wang, Xiu-Ying Shen, Jun Huang, Le-He Mei
To improve the thermostability of (R)-selective amine transaminase from Aspergillus terreus (AT-ATA), we used computer software Disulfide by Design and Modelling of Disulfide Bonds in Proteins to identify mutation sites where the disulfide bonds were most likely to form. We obtained three stabilized mutants (N25C-A28C, R131C-D134C, M150C-M280C) from seven candidates by site-directed mutagenesis. Compared to the wild type, the best two mutants N25C-A28C and M150C-M280C showed improved thermal stability with a 3...
June 21, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Prakash Parajuli, Anaya Raj Pokhrel, Jae Kyung Sohng
7,8-Dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) has been conjugated with glucose moiety to produce glucoside derivatives. Three analogues of 7,8-DHF (7-O-β-d-glucosyl-8-hydroxyflavone, 7-hydroxy-8-O-β-d-glucosyl flavone, and 7,8-di-O-β-d-glucosylflavone) have been successfully produced from in vitro reaction using glycosyltransferase of Bacillus licheniformis. Production of these 7,8-DHF derivatives were shifted to cheaper and easier approach in this study by using engineered Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) ΔpgiΔzwfΔushA cells in which the flow of glucose-6-phospahte toward glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway and hydrolysis of UDP-α-d-glucose were blocked while directing the carbon flux toward UDP-α-d-glucose by overexpressing UDP-α-d-glucose pathway genes...
June 12, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Hui Deng, Mario van der Stelt
2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) as an important endogenous signaling lipid that activates the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 R and CB2 R), thereby regulating a diverse range of physiological processes including anxiety, appetite, inflammation, memory, pain sensation and nociception. Diacylglycerol lipases (DAGLs) are the principle enzymes responsible for 2-AG biosynthesis. Recently, the (patho)physiological functions of DAGLs have been explored by both genetic methods and chemical tools. This review will focus on the recent efforts to develop highly selective and in vivo active DAGLs inhibitors using activity-based protein profiling...
June 6, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Rosa Maria Chura-Chambi, Helen Andrade Arcuri, Felipe Lino, Natan Versati, Mario Sergio Palma, Denize C Favaro, Ligia Morganti
Endostatin (ES) is an antiangiogenic protein that exhibits antitumor activity in animal models. However, the activity observed in animals was not observed in human clinical trials. ES-BAX is a fusion protein composed of two functional domains: ES, which presents specificity and is internalized by activated endothelial cells and the proapoptotic BH3 domain of the protein BAX, a peptide inductor of cellular death when internalized. We have previously shown (Chura-Chambi et al., Cell Death Dis, 5, e1371, 2014) that ES-BAX presents improved antitumor activity in relation to wild-type ES...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Huo-Xi Jin, Xiao-Kun OuYang, Zhong-Ce Hu
An effective epoxide hydrolase (EH) production strain was mutagenized using (60) Co gamma and UV irradiation. Among positive mutant strains, the EH activity of C2-44 reached 33.7 U/g, which was 267% as much as that of the original Aspergillus niger ZJB-09103. Compared with the wild type, there were significant changes in morphology for C2-44, including the color of mycelia on the slants and the shape of conidial head. In addition, glucose and soybean cake were the optimal carbon and nitrogen source in terms of EH activity for the mutant C2-44 instead of soluble starch and peptone for the wild-type strain...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Sheng Yang, Yan Long, Hong Yan, Huawan Cai, Yadong Li, Xingguo Wang
The cumA, a gene encoding a multicopper oxidase (MCO), was cloned from the soil-dwelling bacterium Pseudomonas sp. 593. Its corresponding product was overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS and purified to homogeneity through Ni-affinity chromatography. The amino acid sequence of the CumA of Pseudomonas sp. 593 was strongly homologous to that of CumA as previously reported. The CumA was quite stable in neutral pH and had poor thermostability. Meanwhile, its optimum pH and temperature toward laccase substrates 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (DMP), syringaldazine (SGZ), and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) were 5...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Massimiliano Bergallo, Elisa Loiacono, Giovanna Rizzo, Marialuisa Caiazzo, Giuseppe Palladino, Alessandro Amore
Bacterial-derived DNA fragments (BDNAs) have been shown to be present in a dialysis fluid, to pass through dialyzer membranes, and to induce interleukin 6 (IL-6) in mononuclear cells. DNA fragments are thought to be derived from microorganisms inhabiting hemodialysis water and fluid. The primary aim of the present study was to develop two degenerated TaqMan real-time quantitative-PCR (Q-PCR) for detection of a broad range of bacterial DNA that specifically detect 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) (862 and 241 bp) and evaluate the efficiency of the Bellco Selecta resin to capture the BDNAs in the dialysis fluid...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Mohammad H Darvishi, Alireza Nomani, Hadi Hashemzadeh, Mohsen Amini, Mohammad A Shokrgozar, Rassoul Dinarvand
A novel biotinylated chitosan-graft-polyethyleneimine (Bio-Chi-g-PEI) copolymer was synthesized and evaluated as a nonviral gene delivery carrier for improvement of the transfection efficiency, endosomal escape, and targeted gene delivery of a plasmid encoding green fluorescent protein N1 (pEGFP-N1) into two different biotin-overexpressing cell lines including HeLa and OVCAR-3 cells. The structure of the obtained copolymers was confirmed by (1) H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1) H NMR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Tomohide Uno, Takeshi Yanase, Hiromasa Imaishi
Aspergillus oryzae is a fungus widely used in traditional Japanese fermentation industries. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) proteins are ubiquitously distributed in nature and display a broad range of enzymatic activities. A novel CYP52 (CYP52G3) gene was found in A. oryzae. In this study, we report the functional characterization of CYP52G3. The recombinant protein was expressed heterologously in Escherichia coli, and its membrane fraction isolated. CYP52G3 showed activities for 7-ethoxycoumarin and α-naphtoflavone...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Cinzia Calcabrini, Umberto Mancini, Roberta De Bellis, Anna Rita Diaz, Maddalena Martinelli, Luigi Cucchiarini, Piero Sestili, Vilberto Stocchi, Lucia Potenza
Some epidemiological studies have suggested possible associations between exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) and various diseases. Recently, ELF-EMF has been considered as a therapeutic agent. To support ELF-EMF use in regenerative medicine, in particular in the treatment of skin injuries, we investigated whether significant cell damage occurs after ELF-EMF exposure. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was evaluated in the human keratinocyte exposed for 1 H to 50 Hz ELF-EMF in a range of field strengths from 0...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Wanhong Liu, Huanyan Wang, Yupei Chen, Shunqin Zhu, Min Chen, Xiaozhong Lan, Guoping Chen, Zhihua Liao
Previous publications reported that the artemisinin level was increased in Artemisia annua following a night-frost period. However, the molecular mechanism was not clear. In this study, we found that exogenous jasmonate (JA) effectively enhanced the freezing tolerance of A. annua. The JA biosynthetic genes (LOX1, LOX2, allene oxide cyclase [AOC], and jasmonate resistant 1 [JAR1]) were induced by cold stress, leading to an increase in endogenous JA in cold-treated A. annua. Increased endogenous JA enhanced the expression of three JA-responsive transcription factors, ethylene response factor 1, ethylene response factor 2, and octadecanoid-responsive AP2/ERF, all of which were reported to transcriptionally activate the expression of artemisinin biosynthetic genes, such as amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS), CYP71AV1, DBR2, and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1)...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Saranya Paranji, Sekaran Ganesan
The mixed intracellular enzyme (MICE) from Citrobacter freundii, capable of degrading o-phenylene diamine (OPD), was extracted and characterized. Cofactors such as zinc and copper ions enhanced the MICE activity. The functionalized nanoporous-activated carbon (FNAC) matrix, zinc-impregnated FNAC matrix (Zn(2+) -FNAC), copper-impregnated FNAC matrix (Cu(2+) -FNAC), and zinc- and copper-impregnated FNAC matrix (Zn(2+) -Cu(2+) -FNAC) were prepared and characterized to immobilize MICE. The parameters such as time (0-240 Min), pH (1-10), temperature (20-50 ºC), amount of MICE (1-5 mg), particle size of carbon (100-600 μm), and mass of carbon (0...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Brenda Eugenia Aguilera, Gabriela Chávez-Calvillo, Darwin Elizondo-Quiroga, Mónica Noemí Jimenez-García, Mauricio Carrillo-Tripp, Laura Silva-Rosales, Rodolfo Hernández-Gutiérrez, Abel Gutiérrez-Ortega
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) still represents a major problem to the swine industry worldwide, causing high mortality rates in infected animals. Virus-like particles (VLPs) have gained attention for vaccine development, serving both as scaffolds for epitope expression and immune response enhancers. The commercial subunit vaccines against PCV2 consist of VLPs formed by the self-assembly of PCV2 capsid protein (CP) expressed in the baculovirus vector system. In this work, a PCV2 protective epitope was inserted into three different regions of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) CP, namely, the N- and C-termini and a predicted antigenic region located near the N-terminus...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Małgorzata Pleszczyńska, Adrian Wiater, Teresa Bachanek, Janusz Szczodrak
Biofilm-related infections of the oral cavity, including dental caries and periodontitis, represent the most prevalent health problems. For years, the treatment thereof was largely based on antibacterial chemical agents. Recently, however, there has been growing interest in the application of more preventive and minimally invasive biotechnological methods. This review focuses on the potential applications of enzymes in the treatment and prevention of oral diseases. Dental plaque is a microbial community that develops on the tooth surface, embedded in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances of bacterial and host origin...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Na Li, Guangwei Sun, Shujun Wang, Yu Wang, Zhilong Xiu, Dongsheng Sun, Xin Guo, Ying Zhang, Xiaojun Ma
After islet isolation, diffusion has become the main mechanism to transport oxygen and nutrients into the core of islets. However, diffusion has limitations, by which nutrients cannot effectively reach the core of large islets and can eventually cause core cell death and islet loss. This problem can be resolved by dispersing islets into single islet cells, but single islet cells do not exhibit insulin release function in in vitro culture. In this study, we intended to establish a new islet engineering approach by forming islet cell clusters to improve islet survival and function...
May 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"