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Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

Meridith L Eastman, Ashlee A Moore, Jennifer Cecilione, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
The Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale (MPVS; Mynard & Joseph, 2000) is a 16-item self-report scale that captures peer victimization across four dimensions: physical victimization, verbal victimization, social manipulation, and attacks on property. Performance of the scale has not been evaluated among older adolescents. We examined the factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and performance of the scale in two separate epidemiological U.S. samples representing different age groups: 9-14 year olds (N=610) and 15-17 year olds (N=524)...
December 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Paula A Aduen, Taylor N Day, Michael J Kofler, Sherelle L Harmon, Erica L Wells, Dustin E Sarver
Recent models suggest that social skills training's inefficacy for children with ADHD may be due to target misspecification, such that their social problems reflect inconsistent performance rather than knowledge/skill gaps. No study to date, however, has disentangled social skills acquisition from performance deficits in children with ADHD. Children ages 8-12 with ADHD ( n =47) and without ADHD ( n =23) were assessed using the well-validated social behavioral analysis framework to quantify cross-informant social skills acquisition deficits, performance deficits, and strengths...
September 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Moran Hausman-Kedem, Barry E Kosofsky, Gail Ross, Kaleb Yohay, Emily Forrest, Margaret H Dennin, Reena Patel, Kristen Bennett, James P Holahan, Mary J Ward
To compare community diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) reported by parents to consensus diagnoses made using standardized tools plus clinical observation. 87 participants (85% male, average age 7.4 years), with reported community diagnosis of ASD were evaluated using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) (ADOS-2), Differential Ability Scale (DAS-II), and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS-II). Detailed developmental and medical history was obtained from all participants. Diagnosis was based on clinical consensus of at least two expert clinicians, using test results, clinical observations, and parent report...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Rosmary Ros, Paulo A Graziano, Katie C Hart
Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify profiles of social functioning for preschoolers with externalizing behavior problems (EBP) and examine how profiles are predictive of response to a behavioral treatment program. Method: 139 preschoolers with EBP participated in an 8-week Summer Treatment Program for Pre-Kindergartners (STP-PreK). Latent profiles of social functioning were created from parent and teacher rated atypicality and social skills scales, along with child performance on an emotion knowledge and hostile attribution task...
September 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Brian W Bauer, Hanna C Gustafsson, Joel Nigg, Sarah L Karalunas
Objective: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts compared to those without ADHD. Increased risk is at least partially attributable to a subset of children with ADHD and comorbid depression or disruptive behavior disorders; however, the early predictors and mechanisms driving increased risk are not well understood. Here, we investigate the contributions of two candidate mechanisms for increased suicidal ideation in children with ADHD: executive function and negative affect...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Matthew Price, Sarah Pallito, Alison C Legrand
Potentially traumatic events (PTEs) increase risk for psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Social support (SS) is associated with reduced symptoms for each disorder. Each disorder, however, is highly heterogeneous such that they are comprised of clusters of different symptoms. It is unclear if SS is associated with all clusters equally. The current study examined the relation between SS and the symptom clusters of each disorder...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Jaclyn M Kamradt, Allison M Momany, Molly A Nikolas
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adulthood in over 50% of cases, although its associated symptom profiles, comorbid problems, and neuropsychological deficits change substantially across development. Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms may contribute to associations between ADHD and comorbid problems and may partially explain the substantial heterogeneity observed in its correlates. 349 adults aged 18-38 years (M = 23.2, SD = 4.5, 54.7% male, 61.03% with ADHD) completed a multi-informant diagnostic procedure and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Angela A T Schuurmans, Karin S Nijhof, Rutger C M E Engels, Isabela Granic
Residential care is among the most intensive forms of treatment in youth care. It serves youths with severe behavioral problems and is primarily focused on targeting externalizing problems. Despite best efforts, effect sizes remain moderate, which may be due to the disregarding of internalizing symptoms - in particular anxiety - and to limitations regarding the delivery model of interventions. This initial randomized controlled trial ( n  = 37) aimed to examine the effectiveness of a biofeedback videogame intervention ( Dojo ) as an addition to treatment as usual for youths with and without intellectual disability (ID) in residential care with clinical levels of anxiety and externalizing problems...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Klaas J Wardenaar, Rob B K Wanders, Bertus F Jeronimus, Peter de Jonge
Psychometric work on the widely used Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS) has mostly used classical psychometrics and ignored common internet-administered versions. Therefore, the present study used not only classical, but also modern psychometrics based on item response theory (IRT) to evaluate an internet-administered version of the DASS (Dutch translation). Internet-administered DASS data were collected as part of a large internet-based study in the Dutch adult population ( n  = 7972). Initially, external correlates (i...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Johan Ahlen, Sarah Vigerland, Ata Ghaderi
The literature provides several examples of anxiety symptoms questionnaires for children. However, these questionnaires generally contain many items, and might not be ideal for screening in large populations, or repeated testing in clinical settings. The Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is an extensively used and evaluated 44-item questionnaire developed to assess anxiety symptoms in children, and provides a sound base for the development of an abbreviated anxiety symptoms questionnaire. Although methodological standards have been presented in how to develop abbreviated questionnaires, previous studies have often suffered from several limitations regarding validating procedures...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Nicole Hirschmann, Ursula Kastner-Koller, Pia Deimann, Manuel Schmelzer, Jakob Pietschnig
When using behavioral-observation methods for coding video footage, it is unknown how much time of an interaction needs to be coded to gain results that are representative for the behavior of interest. The current study examined this problem using the INTAKT, a standardized observational measure for assessing the quality of mother-child interactions. Results from coding only 10 min of each video (i.e., thin slices) were compared with results from coding the remaining parts (averaging about 40 min) of the interaction...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Sarah Jo David, Andrew J Marshall, Emma K Evanovich, Gregory H Mumma
A network analysis approach to psychopathology regards symptoms as mutually interacting components of a multifaceted system (Borsboom & Cramer, 2013). Although several studies using this approach have examined comorbidity between disorders using cross-sectional samples, a direct application of the network analysis approach to intraindividual dynamic relations between symptoms in a complex, comorbid case has not been reported. The current article describes an intraindividual dynamic network analysis (IDNA) approach to understanding the psychopathology of an individual using dynamic (over time) lead-lag interrelations between symptoms...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Joyce Weeland, Jolien van Aar, Geertjan Overbeek
The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is one of the most widely used and well-validated parent rating scales for children's disruptive behavior. This screening instrument is a short, targetted and easy to implement inventory with good psychometric properties and is normed for different countries, among which the United States, Spain, Sweden and Norway. The ECBI has been successfully used for research and clinical purposes, in several countries including The Netherlands. To date, Dutch studies have relied on Scandinavian or US norm scores...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Louise Frogner, Anna-Karin Andershed, Henrik Andershed
Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemotional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Henrik Andershed, Olivier F Colins, Randall T Salekin, Alexandros Lordos, Melina Nicole Kyranides, Kostas A Fanti
The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1-3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Olivier F Colins, Henrik Andershed, Randall T Salekin, Kostas A Fanti
The aim of this study was to compare two youth psychopathy models (i.e., callous-unemotional versus multidimensional model) in their ability to predict future and stable conduct problems (CP). At baseline, mothers and fathers of 321 boys and 369 girls (ages 7-12) completed measures that tap callous-unemotional and other psychopathic traits. Parent-reported CP was collected at baseline and at 6- and 12 month follow-ups. Children were assigned to mutually exclusive groups based on their levels of CP and psychopathic traits...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Cristina M López, Cynthia Luethcke Lancaster, Daniel F Gros, Ron Acierno
Objectives: While evidence-based treatments exist for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a significant sub-set of veterans continue to meet criteria for PTSD after treatment. Sleep problems may affect treatment retention and predict efficacy for PTSD treatments. Methods: The present study used data from a clinical trial of Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) administered to veterans (N=154) to evaluate whether residual sleep symptoms remained after treatment completion, and if so, whether these residual sleep symptoms were associated with higher levels of PTSD and comorbid depression at the end of treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Tonya M Pan, Sarah D Mills, Rina S Fox, Sharon H Baik, Kadie M Harry, Scott C Roesch, Georgia Robins Sadler, Vanessa L Malcarne
The Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) is a widely used measure of optimism and pessimism, with three positively worded and three negatively worded content items. This study examined the structural validity and invariance, internal consistency reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the English and Spanish versions of the LOT-R among Hispanic Americans. A community sample of Hispanic Americans ( N = 422) completed self-report measures, including the LOT-R, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, in their preferred language of English or Spanish...
December 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Sunhye Bai, Steve S Lee
Objective: Given its considerable public health significance, identifying predictors of early expressions of conduct problems is a priority. We examined the predictive validity of daring, a key dimension of temperament, and the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART), a laboratory-based measure of risk taking behavior, with respect to two-year change in parent, teacher-, and youth self-reported oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and antisocial behavior. Method: At baseline, 150 ethnically diverse 6- to 10-year old (M=7...
December 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Margaret H Sibley, Jonathan S Comer, Jaife Gonzalez
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate notoriously poor treatment utilization. Barriers to access have been partially addressed through tailored therapy content and therapist delivery style; yet, additional challenges to engaging this population remain. To leverage modern technology in support of this aim, the current study investigates parent-teen therapy for ADHD delivered over a videoconferencing format. In this preliminary feasibility study, teens and parents ( N= 20) received an empirically supported dyadic therapy that incorporates skills-based modules with motivational interviewing...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
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