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Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

Johan Bjureberg, Brjánn Ljótsson, Matthew T Tull, Erik Hedman, Hanna Sahlin, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Jonas Bjärehed, David DiLillo, Terri Messman-Moore, Clara Hellner Gumpert, Kim L Gratz
The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a widely-used, theoretically-driven, and psychometrically-sound self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties. However, at 36-items, the DERS may be challenging to administer in some situations or settings (e.g., in the course of patient care or large-scale epidemiological studies). Consequently, there is a need a briefer version of the DERS. The goal of the present studies was to develop and evaluate a 16-item version of the DERS - the DERS-16...
June 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Lauren M Bylsma, Iris B Mauss, Jonathan Rottenberg
This special section endeavors to facilitate the integration of biologically-based assessments of emotion into the clinical setting. This goal is consistent with the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative, which aims to identify transdiagnostic biobehavioral mechanisms that underlie mental disorders. We focus on four challenges to applying biologically-informed research on emotion and emotion regulation to clinical contexts: (1) How do we assess emotion in an RDoC framework? (2) How do we integrate measures of emotion with other systems in a wider context? (3) What do physiological indices of emotion tell us about clinical phenomena? and (4) How do we integrate physiological assessments into clinical practice? Throughout this comment, we refer to the articles in this special section to make our points, and, when possible, offer suggestions for future work to continue to address these challenges...
March 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Catherine Tuvblad, Devika Dhamija, Leslie Berntsen, Adrian Raine, Jianghong Liu
This is the first study to assess the validity the Chinese version of the Reactive and Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ). The RPQ was administered to 11 year-old participants in the China Jintan Child Cohort Study, a population-based longitudinal study of 1352 children. Similar to other studies, a two-factor solution with one reactive and one proactive subscale best described the data. Overall, the Chinese version of the RPQ had good construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability...
March 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Tory Eisenlohr-Moul, Jessica R Peters, Kaitlyn D Chamberlain, Marcus Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) features have been linked to deficits in mindfulness, or nonjudgmental attention to present-moment stimuli. However, no previous work has examined the role of fluctuations in mindfulness over time in predicting BPD features. The present study examines the impact of both between-person differences and within-person changes in mindfulness. DESIGN: 40 women recruited to achieve a flat distribution of BPD features completed 4 weekly assessments of mindfulness (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; FFMQ) and BPD features...
March 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Joelle LeMoult, K Lira Yoon, Jutta Joormann
Difficulty regulating emotions following stressful events is a hallmark of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Although individuals' ability to regulate their emotions is believed to have direct consequences for both emotional and physical wellbeing, few studies have examined the cardiovascular effects of different emotion regulation strategies in MDD. To the best of our knowledge, the current study is the first to examine the effects of two emotion regulation strategies, cognitive distraction and rumination, on both self-reported sadness and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in individuals with MDD and healthy controls (CTLs)...
March 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Lisanne L Stone, Suzanne H W Mares, Roy Otten, Rutger C M E Engels, Jan M A M Janssens
Although the detrimental influence of parenting stress on child problem behavior is well established, it remains unknown how these constructs affect each other over time. In accordance with a transactional model, this study investigates how the development of internalizing and externalizing problems is related to the development of parenting stress in children aged 4-9. Mothers of 1582 children participated in three one-year interval data waves. Internalizing and externalizing problems as well as parenting stress were assessed by maternal self-report...
2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Lea R Dougherty, Sarah L Blankenship, Philip A Spechler, Srikanth Padmala, Luiz Pessoa
Although neuroimaging studies in adults demonstrate that cognitive reappraisal effectively down-regulates negative affect and results in increased prefrontal and decreased amygdala activity, very limited empirical data exist on the neural basis of cognitive reappraisal in children. This study aimed to pilot test a developmentally-appropriate guided cognitive reappraisal task in order to examine the effects of cognitive reappraisal on children's self-reports of affect and brain responses. Study 1 (N =19, 4-10 years-old) found that children successfully employed guided cognitive reappraisal to decrease subjective ratings of negative affect, supporting the effectiveness of the guided cognitive reappraisal task...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Sarah A Thomas, Justin W Weeks, Lea R Dougherty, Melanie F Lipton, Samantha E Daruwala, Kathryn Kline, Andres De Los Reyes
Social anxiety often develops in adolescence, and precedes the onset of depression and substance use disorders. The link between social anxiety and use of behaviors to minimize distress in social situations (i.e., safety behaviors) is strong and for some patients, this link poses difficulty for engaging in, and benefiting from, exposure-based treatment. Yet, little is known about whether individual differences may moderate links between social anxiety and safety behaviors, namely variations in genetic alleles germane to anxiety...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Katherine J Ameringer, Chih-Ping Chou, Steve Sussman, Jennifer B Unger, Adam M Leventhal
Shared latent dimensions may account for the co-occurrence of multiple forms of psychological dysfunction. However, this conceptualization has rarely been integrated into the smoking literature, despite high levels of psychological symptoms in smokers. In this study, we used confirmatory factor analysis to compare three models (1-factor, 2-factor [internalizing-externalizing], and 3-factor [low positive affect-negative affect-disinhibition]) of relations among nine measures of affective and behavioral symptoms implicated in smoking spanning depression, anxiety, happiness, anhedonia, ADHD, aggression, and alcohol use disorder symptoms...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Joy Gabrielli, Yo Jackson, Shaquanna Brown
The Behavioral Assessment System for Children-2 (BASC-2) is used to assess behavioral and emotional outcomes for youth. Research providing evidence for use of the BASC-2 parent-report form historically has included biological parents reporting on their children (Reynolds and Kamphaus 2004). For youth residing in out-of-home placements through enrollment in foster care, caregivers reporting on their functioning may include foster parents or residential staff. Given the significant adverse mental health outcomes for youth in foster care and the need to adequately assess adjustment in foster care, the purpose of the study was to evaluate the measurement properties of caregivers' report on the parent report form (PRS) of the BASC-2 in foster care youth...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Gabriela M Hungerford, Dainelys Garcia, Daniel M Bagner
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) with 12- to 15-month-old infants from predominately Hispanic, low-income families. Mothers of 144 infants were screened at a pediatric clinic as part of a larger study examining a brief home-based intervention for infants at-risk for behavior problems. Reliability was good for the BITSEA problem scale in all analyses and acceptable for the BITSEA competence scale in most analyses...
September 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Jared K Harpole, Cheri A Levinson, Carol M Woods, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Justin W Weeks, Patrick J Brown, Richard G Heimberg, Andrew R Menatti, Carlos Blanco, Franklin Schneier, Michael Liebowitz
The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE; Leary Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 9, 371-375, 1983) assesses fear and worry about receiving negative evaluation from others. Rodebaugh et al. Psychological Assessment, 16, 169-181, (2004) found that the BFNE is composed of a reverse-worded factor (BFNE-R) and straightforwardly-worded factor (BFNE-S). Further, they found the BFNE-S to have better psychometric properties and provide more information than the BFNE-R. Currently there is a lack of research regarding the measurement invariance of the BFNE-S across gender and ethnicity with respect to item thresholds...
June 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Eric A Storch, Brittany M Rudy, Monica S Wu, Adam B Lewin, Tanya K Murphy
Inter-rater agreement for symptom impairment associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) varies between parents and children. However, extraneous variables that may influence these agreement differences have scarcely been examined. Therefore, the purpose of this paper was to examine moderators of parent and child agreement on ratings of overall OCD-related impairment and impairment across three domains (i.e., school, social, home) as measured by the Children's OCD Impact Scale - Child and Parent versions (COIS-C/P)...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Robert C Schlauch, Cory A Crane, Rebecca J Houston, Danielle S Molnar, Nicolas J Schlienz, Alan R Lang
The current project sought to examine the psychometric properties of a personality based measure (Substance Use Risk Profile Scale; SURPS: introversion-hopelessness, anxiety sensitivity, impulsivity, and sensation seeking) designed to differentially predict substance use preferences and patterns by matching primary personality-based motives for use to the specific effects of various psychoactive substances. Specifically, we sought to validate the SURPS in a clinical sample of substance users using cue reactivity methodology to assess current inclinations to consume a wide range of psychoactive substances...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Kendra L Read, Cara A Settipani, Jeremy Peterman, Philip C Kendall, Scott Compton, John Piacentini, James McCracken, Lindsey Bergman, John Walkup, Dara Sakolsky, Boris Birmaher, Anne Marie Albano, Moira Rynn, Golda Ginsburg, Courtney Keeton, Elizabeth Gosch, Cynthia Suveg, Joel Sherrill, John March
The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is a widely used parent-report of child and adolescent behavior. We examined the ability of the CBCL-A scale, a previously published subset of CBCL items, to predict the presence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), and social phobia (SoP), as well as anxiety severity, among 488 youth randomized in the Child Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS). We predicted that the CBCL-A's unique inclusion of items related to somatic symptoms would better identify anxiety disorder and severity than other CBCL scales, given that somatic complaints are often key features of anxiety among youth...
March 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Matthew W Gallagher, Timothy A Brown
Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is no longer considered an anxiety disorder in DSM-5, previous research has indicated high rates of comorbid anxiety and mood disorders in individuals with PTSD. The goal of the present study was to build upon previous examinations of diagnostic comorbidity by using Bayesian methods of estimating current and lifetime comorbidity rates to determine more precise estimates of the proportion of individuals in a clinical sample with PTSD that also meet criteria for various emotional disorders...
March 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner, Janine Slavec, Gabriela Hungerford, Kristine Kent, Dara Babinski, Karen Derefinko, Dave Pasalich
OBJECTIVE: The current pilot study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and initial outcome of an intensive and more condensed version of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (90 minute sessions for 5 days/week over the course of 2 weeks). METHOD: Using an open trial design, 11 children (M child age = 5.01 years) and their mothers completed a baseline period of 2 weeks, a treatment period of 2 weeks, and a post-treatment evaluation. A follow-up evaluation was also conducted 4 months following treatment completion...
March 1, 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Nicholas P Allan, Aaron M Norr, Daniel W Capron, Amanda M Raines, Michael J Zvolensky, Norman B Schmidt
Anxiety sensitivity (AS) comprises three lower-order dimensions, physical concerns, cognitive concerns, and social concerns, all of which are related to unipolar mood and anxiety disorders (emotional distress disorders). The pattern of these relations suggests that AS cognitive concerns might be best classified as associated with emotional distress disorders clustered together as distress disorders whereas AS physical concerns might be best classified as associated with emotional distress disorders clustered together as fear disorders...
March 2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Mariëlle E Abrahamse, Marianne Junger, Patty H O Leijten, Robert Lindeboom, Frits Boer, Ramón J L Lindauer
The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is an established parent rating scale to measure disruptive behavior problems in children aged between 2 and 16 years. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch translation, including analysis on the one-dimensional structure of the ECBI scales using item response theory. Data from two samples from the Netherlands were used, a community sample (N = 326; 51 % boys) and a multi-ethnic clinical sample (N = 197; 62 % boys). The one-dimensional structure of the ECBI Intensity and Problem Scales were confirmed in both of these samples...
2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Olivier F Colins, Thomas Grisso, Pauline Vahl, Laura Guy, Eva Mulder, Natasja Hornby, Christine Pronk, Monica Markus, Theo Doreleijers, Robert Vermeiren
In the U.S., the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version (MAYSI-2) has been shown to be a reliable and valid tool to identify youth with mental health needs upon entry in detention facilities. The present study examined the factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the Dutch MAYSI-2 administered as part of routine clinical assessments in up to 955 detained male adolescents. Standardized mental health screening questionnaires (Youth Self-Report and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) were used to test the convergent validity of the Dutch MAYSI-2...
2015: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
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