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Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576681/psychopathic-personality-works-better-than-cu-traits-for-predicting-fearlessness-and-adhd-symptoms-among-children-with-conduct-problems
#1
Louise Frogner, Anna-Karin Andershed, Henrik Andershed
Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemotional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576680/callous-unemotional-traits-only-versus-the-multidimensional-psychopathy-construct-as-predictors-of-various-antisocial-outcomes-during-early-adolescence
#2
Henrik Andershed, Olivier F Colins, Randall T Salekin, Alexandros Lordos, Melina Nicole Kyranides, Kostas A Fanti
The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1-3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576679/comparing-different-approaches-for-subtyping-children-with-conduct-problems-callous-unemotional-traits-only-versus-the-multidimensional-psychopathy-construct
#3
Olivier F Colins, Henrik Andershed, Randall T Salekin, Kostas A Fanti
The aim of this study was to compare two youth psychopathy models (i.e., callous-unemotional versus multidimensional model) in their ability to predict future and stable conduct problems (CP). At baseline, mothers and fathers of 321 boys and 369 girls (ages 7-12) completed measures that tap callous-unemotional and other psychopathic traits. Parent-reported CP was collected at baseline and at 6- and 12 month follow-ups. Children were assigned to mutually exclusive groups based on their levels of CP and psychopathic traits...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225414/residual-sleep-problems-predict-reduced-response-to-prolonged-exposure-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#4
Cristina M López, Cynthia Luethcke Lancaster, Daniel F Gros, Ron Acierno
Objectives: While evidence-based treatments exist for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a significant sub-set of veterans continue to meet criteria for PTSD after treatment. Sleep problems may affect treatment retention and predict efficacy for PTSD treatments. Methods: The present study used data from a clinical trial of Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) administered to veterans (N=154) to evaluate whether residual sleep symptoms remained after treatment completion, and if so, whether these residual sleep symptoms were associated with higher levels of PTSD and comorbid depression at the end of treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170597/the-psychometric-properties-of-english-and-spanish-versions-of-the-life-orientation-test-revised-in-hispanic-americans
#5
Tonya M Pan, Sarah D Mills, Rina S Fox, Sharon H Baik, Kadie M Harry, Scott C Roesch, Georgia Robins Sadler, Vanessa L Malcarne
The Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) is a widely used measure of optimism and pessimism, with three positively worded and three negatively worded content items. This study examined the structural validity and invariance, internal consistency reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the English and Spanish versions of the LOT-R among Hispanic Americans. A community sample of Hispanic Americans ( N = 422) completed self-report measures, including the LOT-R, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, in their preferred language of English or Spanish...
December 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170596/early-onset-conduct-problems-predictions-from-daring-temperament-and-risk-taking-behavior
#6
Sunhye Bai, Steve S Lee
Objective: Given its considerable public health significance, identifying predictors of early expressions of conduct problems is a priority. We examined the predictive validity of daring, a key dimension of temperament, and the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART), a laboratory-based measure of risk taking behavior, with respect to two-year change in parent, teacher-, and youth self-reported oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and antisocial behavior. Method: At baseline, 150 ethnically diverse 6- to 10-year old (M=7...
December 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989230/delivering-parent-teen-therapy-for-adhd-through-videoconferencing-a-preliminary-investigation
#7
Margaret H Sibley, Jonathan S Comer, Jaife Gonzalez
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate notoriously poor treatment utilization. Barriers to access have been partially addressed through tailored therapy content and therapist delivery style; yet, additional challenges to engaging this population remain. To leverage modern technology in support of this aim, the current study investigates parent-teen therapy for ADHD delivered over a videoconferencing format. In this preliminary feasibility study, teens and parents (N=20) received an empirically supported dyadic therapy that incorporates skills-based modules with motivational interviewing...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983149/characteristics-of-repetitive-thought-associated-with-borderline-personality-features-a-multimodal-investigation-of-ruminative-content-and-style
#8
Jessica R Peters, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Brian T Upton, Nina A Talavera, Jacob J Folsom, Ruth A Baer
Increased ruminative style of thought has been well documented in borderline personality disorder (BPD); however, less is known about how the content of rumination relates to domains of BPD features. Relationships between forms of rumination and BPD features were examined in an undergraduate sample with a wide range of BPD features. Participants completed self-report measures of rumination and a free-writing task about their repetitive thought. Rumination on specific themes, including anger rumination, depressive brooding, rumination on interpersonal situations, anxious rumination, and stress-reactive rumination were significantly associated with most BPD features after controlling for general rumination...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824225/initial-psychometric-validation-of-the-non-suicidal-self-injury-scar-cognition-scale
#9
Taylor A Burke, Thomas M Olino, Lauren B Alloy
Given the growing literature on the detrimental psychological consequences of NSSI, it is surprising that scarce research has focused on the permanent physical consequences of NSSI, scarring to one's tissue (Burke et al. 2015; Lewis 2016). Indeed, with recent research suggesting that upwards of half of those with a history of NSSI bear scarring as a result of the behavior (Burke et al. 2016), the psychological implications of scarring are important to understand. Given preliminary literature suggesting that the vast majority of individuals who bear NSSI scars ascribe a great deal of meaning to their scarring, and that this meaning varies widely, a psychometrically sound scale is needed to comprehensively and systematically assess NSSI scar-related cognitions...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533584/reversal-learning-deficits-in-criminal-offenders-effects-of-psychopathy-substance-use-and-childhood-maltreatment-history
#10
Monika Dargis, Richard C Wolf, Michael Koenigs
Deficits in reinforcement learning are presumed to underlie the impulsive and incorrigible behavior exhibited by psychopathic criminals. However, previous studies documenting reversal learning impairments in psychopathic individuals have not investigated this relationship across a continuous range of psychopathy severity, nor have they examined how reversal learning impairments relate to different psychopathic traits, such as the interpersonal-affective and lifestyle-antisocial dimensions. Furthermore, previous studies have not considered the role that childhood maltreatment and substance use may have in this specific cognitive deficit...
June 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720784/child-conduct-problems-across-home-and-school-contexts-a-person-centered-approach
#11
Michael J Sulik, Clancy Blair, Mark Greenberg
To examine patterns of conduct problems across the home and school context, we used latent class analysis to analyze primary caregivers' and teachers' ratings on the conduct problems subscale of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (R. Goodman, 1997) in the Family Life Project ( N = 1,292), a prospective study of child development in rural and small town contexts. We found a similar four-class solution at five and seven years of age. In decreasing prevalence, the following classes were identified: (1) low symptoms reported by both informants (low cross-context); (2) high parent-reported symptoms, low teacher-reported symptoms (home context); (3) low parent-reported symptoms, moderate teacher-reported symptoms (school context); and (4) high symptoms reported by both informants (high cross-context)...
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479668/sex-differences-in-the-contribution-of-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-trauma-to-children-s-psychopathology
#12
Sarah A O Gray, Katherine Theall, Rebecca Lipschutz, Stacy Drury
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a marker of parasympathetic activity, has been shown to moderate the relation between adversity and child behavioral outcomes; however, this work has been conducted in primarily Caucasian samples and limited in focus to family-level adversity. The current analysis extends the previous literature to examine the co-contribution of exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs), baseline RSA, and RSA withdrawal to internalizing and externalizing behavior in a sample of primarily African American youth ( n = 92) recruited using neighborhood mapping techniques from communities high in epidemiological indicators of adversity...
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286370/interaction-between-prenatal-maternal-stress-and-autonomic-arousal-in-predicting-conduct-problems-and-psychopathic-traits-in-children
#13
Yu Gao, Yonglin Huang, Xiaobo Li
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that neurobiological deficits combine with psychosocial risk factors to impact on the development of antisocial behavior. The current study concentrated on the interplay of prenatal maternal stress and autonomic arousal in predicting antisocial behavior and psychopathic traits. METHODS: Prenatal maternal stress was assessed by caregiver's retrospective report, and resting heart rate and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were measured in 295 8- to 10-year-old children...
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260835/psychometric-properties-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-scale-7-gad-7-in-outpatients-with-anxiety-and-mood-disorders
#14
Lauren A Rutter, Timothy A Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187772/fearful-faces-do-not-lead-to-faster-attentional-deployment-in-individuals-with-elevated-psychopathic-traits
#15
Sylco S Hoppenbrouwers, Jaap Munneke, Karen A Kooiman, Bethany Little, Craig S Neumann, Jan Theeuwes
In the current study, a gaze-cueing experiment (similar to Dawel et al. 2015) was conducted in which the predictivity of a gaze-cue was manipulated (non-predictive vs highly predictive). This was done to assess the degree to which individuals with elevated psychopathic traits can use contextual information (i.e., the predictivity of the cue). Psychopathic traits were measured with the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale-Short Form (SRP-SF) in a mixed sample (undergraduate students and community members). Results showed no group difference in reaction times between high and non-predictive cueing blocks, suggesting that individuals with elevated psychopathic traits can indeed use contextual information when it is relevant...
2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286372/is-distraction-an-adaptive-or-maladaptive-strategy-for-emotion-regulation-a-person-oriented-approach
#16
Martin Wolgast, Lars-Gunnar Lundh
Distraction is an emotion regulation strategy that has an ambiguous status within cognitive-behavior therapy. According to some treatment protocols it is counterproductive, whereas according to other protocols it is seen as a quite useful strategy. The main purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that distraction is adaptive when combined with active acceptance, but maladaptive when combined with avoidant strategies. A non-clinical community sample of adults (N = 638) and a clinical sample (N = 172) completed measures of emotion regulation and well-being...
2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286371/further-evidence-for-reliability-and-validity-of-the-triarchic-psychopathy-measure-in-a-forensic-sample-and-a-community-sample
#17
Josanne D M van Dongen, Laura E Drislane, Henk Nijman, Sabrina E Soe-Agnie, Hjalmar J C van Marle
Psychopathy is often described as a constellation of personality characteristics encompassing features such as impulsivity and antisociality, and a lack of empathy and guilt. Although the use of self-reports to assess psychopathy is still debated, there are distinct advantages to such measures and recent research suggests that they may not be as problematic as previously thought. This study further examined the reliability and validity of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) in a community sample (N = 496) and forensic psychiatric patient sample (N = 217)...
2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408785/all-anxiety-is-not-created-equal-correlates-of-parent-youth-agreement-vary-across-subtypes-of-anxiety
#18
Emily M Becker, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg
Research has examined patterns and correlates of parent/youth informant discrepancies in the reporting of youth anxiety. However, little work has examined whether it is better to conceptualize patterns and correlates of informant disagreement across anxiety broadly, or more useful to consider disagreement on specific symptom clusters. Using data from the Child Adolescent/Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS; N = 488; Walkup et al., 2008), the current study applied the most recent recommended analytic strategies to study informant discrepancies and examined differences in the magnitude and patterns of disagreement for: (a) broadband anxiety symptoms, versus (b) symptoms of specific anxiety diagnoses (or anxiety subtypes; e...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163364/distress-tolerance-and-social-support-in-adolescence-predicting-risk-for-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms-following-a-natural-disaster
#19
Joseph R Cohen, Carla Kmett Danielson, Zachary W Adams, Kenneth J Ruggiero
The purpose of the multi-measure, multi-wave, longitudinal study was to examine the interactive relation between behavioral distress tolerance (DT) and perceived social support (PSS) in 352 tornado-exposed adolescents aged 12-17 years ( M =14.44; SD =1.74). At baseline, adolescents completed a computer-based task for DT, and self-report measures of PSS, depressed mood, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use, and interpersonal conflict. Symptoms also were assessed 4 and 12 months after baseline...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255197/confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-self-and-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-8-to-10-year-olds
#20
Yu Gao, Wei Zhang
The factorial structure of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU; Frick 2004) has been inconsistent across various studies using different rater versions and samples. In this study the factorial structure of the self- and parent-report versions of the ICU was examined in a community sample of 340 boys and girls aged 8- to 10-years. A series of confirmatory factor analyses revealed that (1) for self-report ICU, a two-factor model comprising one Uncaring and one Callousness factor fit the data best; the factorial structure was invariant across sex, although boys showed higher scores than girls on the Uncaring factor; (2) for the parent-report ICU, a three-factor structure was supported, and boys and girls did not differ on factor structure or levels of the factors...
September 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
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