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Health Education Research

Fovzieh Sanaati, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Hamidreza Farrokh Eslamlo, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 189 pregnant women to determine the effect of lifestyle-based training for women and their husbands on post-partum anxiety (PPA) and depression (PPD). Follow-ups were continued up for 6 weeks after childbirth. Participants were allocated to three groups using block randomization. In the first intervention group, both the women and their husbands, and in the second intervention group only the women received the lifestyle-based education. In the control group, women received only routine care...
August 9, 2018: Health Education Research
Carla Rodriguez-Sanchez, Franco Sancho-Esper, Luis V Casal├│
Despite its potentially harmful effects, adolescent binge drinking is becoming increasingly common worldwide. To enable the design of more effective school information campaigns, the underlying factors of heavy alcohol use must be carefully analysed. This study investigated how individual, social and contextual factors relate to adolescent binge drinking. It also explored whether adolescents' exposure to information campaigns at school moderates the relationships between perceived parental and peer alcohol consumption and adolescent binge drinking...
August 2, 2018: Health Education Research
Michelle I Jongenelis, Iain S Pratt, Terry Slevin, Tanya Chikritzhs, Wenbin Liang, Simone Pettigrew
Informing drinkers of the health risks associated with alcohol consumption via warning statements located on alcohol products can increase their capacity to make healthier choices. This study assessed whether exposing at-risk drinkers to warning statements relating to specific chronic diseases increases the extent to which alcohol is believed to be a risk factor for those diseases and influences consumption intentions. Australians drinking at levels associated with long-term risk of harm (n = 364; 72% male) completed an online survey assessing their drinking habits, beliefs in the link between alcohol and various diseases and drinking intentions...
August 2, 2018: Health Education Research
Xian-Liang Liu, Chiung-Jung Jo Wu, Karen Willis, Yan Shi, Maree Johnson
This study examined the impact of inpatient education on diabetes knowledge, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) symptom management and diabetes self-management on discharge for patients with ACS and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A cross-sectional survey and patient health record review of 160 patients was conducted in a major hospital in Shanghai. Patient education received was measured using a visual analogue scale. The survey included valid and reliable measures of diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, attitudes to ACS and clinical outcomes...
July 31, 2018: Health Education Research
John K Krugu, Fraukje E F Mevissen, Gerard Van Breukelen, Robert A C Ruiter
In sub-Saharan Africa, theory and evidenced-based interventions that are systematically designed and using sound evaluation methods to report on effectiveness are limited. A sex education programme called SPEEK was developed, implemented and evaluated in Ghana using the Intervention Mapping approach. SPEEK aimed at delaying sexual initiation, reducing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and preventing pregnancy, targeting junior high school students in a West African rural setting. The final programme included 11 (interactive) lessons using a diverse range of theory-based methods...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Reza Sadeghi, Mehri Hashemi, Narges Khanjani
Providing health care services has always been considered as a hazardous job due to a number of reasons. The risk of blood-borne viruses and the importance of their prevention has led to the formulation of principles called standard precautions (SPs). The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of an educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model constructs on the behavior of nurses in emergency centers regarding observing SPs in Sirjan, Iran. This was a quasi-experimental study. The study population included 100 emergency personnel working in health centers in Sirjan city (of Iran), who were randomly divided into two intervention (n = 50) and control (n = 50) groups...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Faika Zanjani, Hannah K Allen, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
Risk of experiencing alcohol and medication interactions (AMI) is significant among older adults due to the substantial prevalence of alcohol and medication use in this segment of the population. Given the lack of community-level AMI prevention interventions for older adults, this study aimed to examine the immediate effects of a brief, pharmacy-based intervention to prevent AMI among older adults, as well as assess differential effects by past-month drinking status. A convenience sample of 134 adults aged 59 and older was recruited from four pharmacies in rural Virginia...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Michelle C Kegler, Derrick D Beasley, Shuting Liang, Megan Cotter, Emily Phillips, April Hermstad, Rentonia Williams, Jeremy Martinez, Kara Riehman
Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), this study aimed to identify factors that influence implementation of evidence-based provider and client-oriented strategies to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in safety net health systems. Site visits and key informant interviews (n=33) were conducted with project leaders and staff in five health systems funded by an American Cancer Society grants program. Within- and cross-site analyses identified CFIR constructs that influenced implementation of provider and client-oriented strategies to promote CRC screening through colonoscopies and fecal immunochemical tests...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
J Berria, G Minatto, L R A Lima, C R Martins, E L Petroski
To identify the predictors of dropout in the 'Mexa-se' intervention according to the body mass index (BMI) category. This was a controlled, non-randomized study. The intervention included: (i) increase in the intensity of physical activities (PA) in physical education (PE) classes; (ii) active recess; (iii) educational sessions on PA, nutrition and body image; and (iv) educational materials. Dropout was considered when students dropped out of intervention, or did not reach 75% attendance in PE classes. The independent variables were gender, age, study period, socioeconomic status, BMI, PA, screen time, food consumption, health perception, attitudes toward PA, self-efficacy for PA, perception of the school environment, body image and self-esteem...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Yiyi Yang, Lu Tang
Alcohol consumption poses significant health and safety risks to women. Understanding why women drink and how they experience drinking is the first step in creating efficacious interventions and effective social support programs. Presented here is a qualitative study examining stories women told about drinking on a blog: Eighty-nine stories categorized as 'in-depth, personal and insightful essays' were analysed and four narratives were identified about women's drinking in different stages in their lives: youth (narrative of good girl and narrative of bad girl), adulthood (narrative of pleasure) and old age (narrative of sin)...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
R Haard├Ârfer, M Kreuter, C J Berg, C Escoffery, L T Bundy, M Hovell, P D Mullen, R Williams, M C Kegler
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a creating a smoke-free home (SFH) on cessation and reduction of cigarette smoking on low-income smokers. This secondary data analysis uses data from study participants who were originally recruited through 2-1-1 information and referral call centers in Atlanta (Georgia, 2013), North Carolina (2014) and the Texas Gulf Coast (2015) across three randomized controlled trials testing an intervention aimed at creating SFHs, pooling data from 941 smokers. Participants who reported adopting a SFH were more likely to report quitting smoking than those who did not adopt a SFH...
June 1, 2018: Health Education Research
M S Pednekar, E M Nagler, P C Gupta, P S Pawar, N Mathur, K Adhikari, L S Codeira, A M Stoddard, G Sorensen
Research on processes of bringing effective tobacco control interventions to scale to increase quit rates among tobacco users is uncommon. This study examines processes to bring to scale one such intervention for school teachers, i.e. Tobacco Free Teacher-Tobacco Free Society (TFT-TFS). This intervention provides a foundation for an effective and low cost approach to promote cessation through schools. The present study was conducted in the states of Bihar and Maharashtra in 2014 using quantitative and qualitative methods...
June 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Randi M Williams, Thomas Wilkerson, Cheryl L Holt
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is widely used in health behavior interventions. The lack of diverse samples in the development of this theory warrants additional study on how it performs among minorities. While studies have utilized HBM to address colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, limited information exists confirming how these constructs influence screening. Data from three CRC screening trials were used to examine how perceived benefits/barriers perform among African Americans (AA) and whether they serve as mechanisms of the intervention effects on screening...
June 1, 2018: Health Education Research
J Schwarzman, A Bauman, B Gabbe, C Rissel, T Shilton, B J Smith
Program evaluation is essential to inform decision making, contribute to the evidence base for strategies, and facilitate learning in health promotion and disease prevention organizations. Theoretical frameworks of organizational learning, and studies of evaluation capacity building describe the organization as central to evaluation capacity. Australian prevention organizations recognize limitations to current evaluation effectiveness and are seeking guidance to build evaluation capacity. This qualitative study identifies organizational facilitators and barriers to evaluation practice, and explores their interactions in Australian prevention organizations...
June 1, 2018: Health Education Research
J D Guldager, P T Andersen, J von Seelen, A Leppin
School-based interventions for increasing physical activity among children are widespread, however there is still a lack of knowledge about how school context factors are linked to implementation quality and effectiveness of programmes. The aim of this paper is to examine teacher-perceived effectiveness of a Danish national classroom-based health programme 'Active Around Denmark' and in particular, to investigate whether perceptions vary as a function of school social context factors. After completion of the programme all teachers (N = 5...
June 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, Rachel Vickers Smith
The aim of this study is to determine, among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM), the 12-month efficacy of a single-session, clinic-based intervention promoting condom use to enhance sexual pleasure (purpose 1) and the use of condoms from the start-to-finish of anal sex (purpose 2). A pre-test, post-test randomized controlled trial was conducted, using a 12-month period of follow-up observation, in STI clinics. Data from 394 YBMSM completing baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments were analyzed...
June 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Marie Leiner, Jesus Peinado, Angelica Baylon, Isis Lopez, Indu Pathak
Patient misunderstandings of healthcare-related instructions result in significant health, social and economic consequences. Pushing the boundaries of traditional academic methods may offer strategies that promote new ways to improve communication and understanding between healthcare providers, caregivers and patients. Comics can be an educational tool, offering an innovative strategy to communicate health-related information. Our study objective was to compare parents' understanding of health-related instructions (i...
April 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Karishma S Furtado, Elizabeth L Budd, Xiangji Ying, Anna J deRuyter, Rebecca L Armstrong, Tahna L Pettman, Rodrigo S Reis, Pauline Sung-Chan, Zhaoxin Wang, Tahnee Saunders, Leonardo A Becker, Jianwei Shi, Long Sum Tabitha Mui, Ross C Brownson
Implementation of evidence-based practices can improve efficiency and effectiveness of public health efforts. Few studies have explored the political contextual factors that impact implementation of evidence-based non-communicable disease prevention (EBNCDP). This study aimed to do so in Australia, Brazil, China and the United States. Investigators conducted 10-13 qualitative, semi-structured interviews of public health practitioners working in functionally similar public health organizations in each country (total N = 50)...
April 1, 2018: Health Education Research
R B Acton, L Vanderlee, C A Roberto, D Hammond
An increasing number of countries are developing front-of-package (FOP) labels; however, there is limited evidence examining the impact of specific design characteristics for these labels. The current study investigated consumer perceptions of several FOP label design characteristics, including potential differences among sociodemographic sub-groups. Two hundred and thirty-four participants aged 16 years or older completed nine label rating tasks on a laptop at a local shopping mall in Canada. The rating tasks asked participants to rate five primary design characteristics (border, background presence, background colour, 'caution' symbol and government attribution) on their noticeability, readability, believability and likelihood of changing their beverage choice...
April 1, 2018: Health Education Research
S Tomokawa, S Kaewviset, J Saito, T Akiyama, J Waikugul, K Okada, J Kobayashi, M Jimba
Thailand formulated a National School Health Policy (NSHP) in 1998, and it has been widely implemented but has not been evaluated. This case study aimed to identify factors that have influenced the implementation of NSHP in Thailand. For this purpose, we conducted a document review and key informant interviews. We selected key interviewees, from NSHP implementers at national, provincial and school levels in four geographical areas. We adopted a content analysis method, using a framework of 12 influential components of successful policy implementation and triangular policy framework...
April 1, 2018: Health Education Research
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