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Health Education Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#1
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380629/factors-associated-with-the-implementation-of-a-vegetable-and-fruit-program-in-a-population-of-australian-elementary-schools
#2
N Nathan, J Wiggers, R Wyse, C M Williams, R Sutherland, S L Yoong, C Lecathelinais, L Wolfenden
Implementation of vegetable and fruit programs in schools is less than optimal. This study aimed to identify, using a theoretical framework, factors associated with implementation of a school vegetable and fruit program; that provides a time in class for children to consume a piece of vegetable or fruit they have brought from home. Three hundred and three randomly selected school principals across the state of New South Wales, Australia responded to a 25-min telephone survey. Principals were asked if their school had implemented a vegetable and fruit program, and which of 12 factors from Damschroder's consolidated framework for implementation research had facilitated or impeded implementation...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380628/physicians-perspectives-on-the-informational-needs-of-low-risk-prostate-cancer-patients
#3
Charlotte J Hagerman, Paula G Bellini, Kim M Davis, Richard M Hoffman, David S Aaronson, Daniel Y Leigh, Riley E Zinar, David Penson, Stephen Van Den Eeden, Kathryn L Taylor
Despite the evidence indicating that decision aids (DA) improve informed treatment decision making for prostate cancer (PCa), physicians do not routinely recommend DAs to their patients. We conducted semi-structured interviews with urologists (n = 11), radiation oncologists (n = 12) and primary care physicians (n = 10) about their methods of educating low-risk PCa patients regarding the treatment decision, their concerns about recommending DAs, and the essential content and format considerations that need to be addressed...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380627/promoting-cancer-screening-among-churchgoing-latinas-fe-en-acci%C3%A3-n-faith-in-action
#4
J P Elder, J Haughton, L G Perez, M E Martínez, C L De la Torre, D J Slymen, E M Arredondo
Cancer screening rates among Latinas are generally low, reducing the likelihood of early cancer detection in this population. This article examines the effects of a community intervention (Fe en Acción/Faith in Action) led by community health workers (promotoras) on promoting breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening among churchgoing Latinas. Sixteen churches were randomly assigned to a cancer screening or a physical activity intervention. We examined cancer knowledge, barriers to screening and self-reported mammography, clinical breast exam, Pap test, fecal occult blood test and sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy at baseline and 12 months follow-up...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334997/self-efficacy-and-comfort-with-partner-assisted-skin-examination-in-patients-receiving-follow-up-care-for-melanoma
#5
J DiMillo, D C Brosseau, C Gomez-Garibello, N C Hall, H Ezer, B Wang, A Körner
The objective of this study was to examine the role of interpersonal variables on melanoma survivors' self-efficacy for performing skin self-examinations (SSEs) during melanoma follow-up care. Specifically, the impact of comfort with partner assistance for SSE, SSE support received from one's partner, general partner support, relationship satisfaction, as well as partner attendance at a SSE education session, were examined. One hundred and thirty-seven patients with melanoma between the ages of 18 and 70 years, who also reported being involved in a romantic relationship, received a standardized education on SSE, and completed self-report questionnaires...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334988/attitudes-and-lifestyle-changes-following-jog-your-mind-results-from-a-multi-factorial-community-based-program-promoting-cognitive-vitality-among-seniors
#6
Sophie Laforest, Agathe Lorthios-Guilledroit, Kareen Nour, Manon Parisien, Michel Fournier, Dave Ellemberg, Danielle Guay, Charles-Émile Desgagnés-Cyr, Nathalie Bier
This study examined the effects on attitudes and lifestyle behavior of Jog your Mind, a multi-factorial community-based program promoting cognitive vitality among seniors with no known cognitive impairment. A quasi-experimental study was conducted. Twenty-three community organizations were assigned either to the experimental group (offering the program) or to the control group (creating a waiting list). They recruited 294 community-dwelling seniors. The aims of the study were to verify the effects of the program on attitudes and behaviors related to cognitive vitality and to explore its effects on cognitive vitality...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334962/exposure-to-fictional-medical-television-and-health-a-systematic-review
#7
Beth L Hoffman, Ariel Shensa, Charles Wessel, Robert Hoffman, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs have long been a staple of television programming, and they remain popular today. We aimed to examine published literature assessing the influence of medical television programs on health outcomes. We conducted systematic literature searches in PubMed, PsychINFO and CINAHL. Selected studies had to be scholarly research, to involve exposure to fictionalized medical television programming, and to assess associations between exposures and outcomes. Of 3541 unique studies identified, nineteen met selection criteria...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334909/changes-in-awareness-of-cancer-risk-factors-among-adult-new-zealanders-caanz-2001-to-2015
#8
R Richards, B McNoe, E Iosua, A I Reeder, R Egan, L Marsh, L Robertson, B Maclennan, A Dawson, R Quigg, A-C Petersen
Behaviour change, specifically that which decreases cancer risk, is an essential element of cancer control. Little information is available about how awareness of risk factors may be changing over time. This study describes the awareness of cancer risk behaviours among adult New Zealanders in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.Telephone interviews were conducted in 2001 (n = 436) and 2014/5 (n = 1064). Participants were asked to recall things they can do to reduce their risk of cancer...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334770/smokers-perceptions-of-sources-of-advice-about-quitting-findings-from-the-australian-arm-of-the-itc-4-country-survey
#9
James Balmford, Ron Borland
Smokers are exposed to advice about quitting from numerous sources. Within the 2013 ITC 4-Country Survey, 1211 Australian smokers or recent ex-smokers rated the perceived importance of eight sources of advice, categorized into evidence-based, non evidence-based, personal experience and vicarious experience (two items each), and also rated their intention to quit, nicotine dependence, use of quit medication, health concerns and harm beliefs. The eight items were all positively correlated. Respondents who placed greater importance on their experiences (either personal or vicarious) were more likely to agree that the evidence for smoking-related harm is exaggerated, and although not more likely to intend to quit overall, these responses were most strongly related to quit intention...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158558/step-care-treatment-for-smoking-cessation
#10
Jon O Ebbert, Melissa A Little, Robert C Klesges, Zoran Bursac, Karen C Johnson, Fridtjof Thomas, Mark W Vander Weg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158490/perceptions-and-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-pregnancy
#11
Andrea McCubbin, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Janine Barnett, Kristin Ashford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158420/factors-influencing-implementation-of-a-preschool-based-physical-activity-intervention
#12
Erica Y Lau, Ruth P Saunders, Michael W Beets, Bo Cai, Russell R Pate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115424/schoolyard-upgrade-in-a-randomized-controlled-study-design-how-are-school-interventions-associated-with-adolescents-perception-of-opportunities-and-recess-physical-activity
#13
Lars B Christiansen, Mette Toftager, Charlotte S Pawlowski, Henriette B Andersen, Annette K Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen
School recess physical activity is important for adolescent s health and development, and several studies have established evidence based on cross-sectional studies that it is influenced by the environment in the schoolyard. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and variation across schools of a school-based intervention on students perceived opportunities for physical activity in the schoolyard, and to evaluate if an improved collective perception of opportunities was followed by an increase in PA during recess for the 13-15 year-old students...
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088755/hispanic-mothers-beliefs-regarding-hpv-vaccine-series-completion-in-their-adolescent-daughters
#14
A M Roncancio, K K Ward, C C Carmack, B T Muñoz, F L Cribbs
Rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion among adolescent Hispanic females in Texas in 2014 (∼39%) lag behind the Healthy People 2020 goal (80%). This qualitative study identifies Hispanic mothers' salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs regarding having their adolescent daughters complete the vaccine series. Thirty-two mothers of girls (aged 11-17) that had received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine, completed in-depth interviews. Six girls had received one dose of the HPV vaccine, 10 girls had received two doses, and 16 girls had received all three doses...
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#15
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087586/using-e-cigarettes-in-the-home-to-reduce-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-disadvantaged-parents-accounts
#16
Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are subject to considerable public health debate. Most public health experts agree that for smokers who find it particularly challenging to quit, e-cigarettes may reduce harm. E-cigarette use in the home may also reduce children's secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, although e-cigarette vapour may pose risks. This is the first qualitative study to explore disadvantaged parents' views and experiences of e-cigarettes in relation to reducing SHS exposure in the home. Interviews with 25 disadvantaged parents from Edinburgh who smoked and had children aged 1-3 were conducted in 2013, with 17 re-interviewed in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052932/lay-understanding-of-the-causes-of-binge-drinking-in-the-united-kingdom-and-australia-a-network-diagram-approach
#17
David A Keatley, Eamonn Ferguson, Adam Lonsdale, Martin S Hagger
Binge drinking is associated with deleterious health, social and economic outcomes. This study explored the lay understanding of the causes of binge drinking in members of the general public in the United Kingdom and Australia. Participants in the United Kingdom (N = 133) and Australia (N = 102) completed a network diagram exercise requiring them to draw causal paths and provide path strength ratings between 12 candidate factors (24-h opening, age, alcohol advertizing, alcohol availability, boredom, drinking culture, income, low cost, parental influence, peer pressure, stress and supermarket discounts) and binge drinking...
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052931/pastoral-perceptions-of-the-learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#18
Chandra R Story, Tyra T Gross, Idethia S Harvey, Melicia C Whitt-Glover
African-American women experience higher rates of obesity compared to other racial/ethnic groups. High levels of reported church attendance among African-Americans have led to the proliferation of faith-based health programs. Pastors can influence success for faith-based programs. The purpose of this study was to assess pastors' perceptions of the L.A.D.I.E.S. intervention, designed to increase physical activity levels in sedentary African-American women. For the L.A.D.I.E.S. intervention, 31 churches (n = 418 women) were randomized at the church level to a faith-based, non-faith-based or self-guided program...
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923866/the-association-between-cannabis-use-and-motivation-and-intentions-to-quit-tobacco-within-a-sample-of-australian-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-smokers
#19
Laura Twyman, Billie Bonevski, Christine Paul, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Jamie Bryant, C Oldmeadow, K Palazzi, A Guillaumier
This study aimed to (i) describe concurrent and simultaneous tobacco and cannabis use and (ii) investigate the association between cannabis use and motivation and intentions to quit tobacco in a sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 and 2014 with current tobacco smokers receiving aid from two community service organizations in New South Wales, Australia. At least weekly cannabis use for the month prior to survey, motivation to quit tobacco and intentions to quit tobacco were measured in 369 participants (77% consent rate)...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923865/engaging-parents-of-children-with-and-without-asthma-in-smoking-specific-parenting-results-from-a-3-year-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluation
#20
Linda Ringlever, Marieke Hiemstra, Rutger C M E Engels, Onno C P van Schayck, Roy Otten
The present study evaluated long-term effects of a home-based smoking prevention program targeting smoking-specific parenting in families with children with and without asthma. A total of 1398 non-smoking children (mean age 10.1) participated, of which 197 (14.1%) were diagnosed with asthma. Families were blinded to group assignment. The intervention group (n = 684) received booklets with assignments that actively encouraged parents to engage in smoking-specific parenting strategies. Control families (n = 714) received booklets containing basic information about youth smoking...
December 2016: Health Education Research
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