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Health Education Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931171/motivating-parent-support-for-physical-activity-the-role-of-framed-persuasive-messages
#1
Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Rachael Stone, Jocelyn Jarvis, Amy Latimer-Cheung
Parent support for physical activity (PA) is a behavior unto itself that requires motivation. Persuasive messages may be one method for motivating parent support for their children's PA. Message framing is one strategy for optimizing the impact of messages. The current study examined the relative effectiveness of gain- versus loss-framed messages for encouraging parent support for children's PA. Regardless of message frame, parents had an increase in social cognitive antecedents (e.g. perceived behavioral control, intentions) and support for children's PA following message exposure...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931170/strengthening-teachers-abilities-to-implement-a-vision-health-program-in-taiwanese-schools
#2
L C Chang, L L Liao, M I Chen, Y Z Niu, P L Hsieh
We designed a school-based, nationwide program called the 'New Era in Eye Health' to strengthen teacher training and to examine whether the existence of a government vision care policy influenced teachers' vision care knowledge and students' behavior. Baseline data and 3-month follow-up data were compared. A random sample of teachers (n = 660) from school vision health clusters in 22 cities/counties in Taiwan were invited to participate in our study and 436 agreed to participate (response rate = 66.1%). The mean age of participant teachers was 41...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931169/effect-of-educational-package-on-lifestyle-of-primiparous-mothers-during-postpartum-period-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Farzaneh Khodabandeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahin KamaliFard, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#4
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931167/the-cost-effectiveness-and-return-on-investment-of-a-combined-social-and-physical-environmental-intervention-in-office-employees
#5
J M van Dongen, J K Coffeng, M F van Wier, C R L Boot, I J M Hendriksen, W van Mechelen, P M Bongers, A J van der Beek, J E Bosmans, M W van Tulder
This study explored the cost-effectiveness and return-on-investment of a combined social and physical environmental worksite health promotion program compared with usual practice, and of both intervention conditions separately. Participants were randomized to the combined intervention (n = 92), social environmental intervention (n = 118), physical environmental intervention (n = 96), or control group (n = 106). The social environmental intervention consisted of group motivational interviewing and the physical environmental intervention of workplace modifications...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931166/a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial-to-determine-impacts-of-the-harvest-of-the-month-program
#6
Robert G LaChausse
The study purpose was to examine the impact of the Harvest of the Month (HOTM) program on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, FV preferences, other eating behaviors, physical activity and other variables related to healthy eating. A clustered randomized controlled trial was employed in 28 elementary schools. After parental consent was obtained, students in grades 4-6 were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions (Intervention= 127, Control= 148). Students in the intervention group participated in HOTM, a widely used school-based nutrition promotion and obesity prevention program...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931165/adolescents-and-young-adults-perceptions-of-electronic-cigarettes-as-a-gateway-to-smoking-a-qualitative-study-in-switzerland
#7
Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Suris
Electronic cigarettes (ECs) acting as a gateway to smoking traditional cigarettes (TCs) is a growing public health concern of EC use among youths. To gather the opinions and perceptions of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) on whether and how EC can act as a gateway to smoking TC among youths. A qualitative method included 42 AYAs. Participants identified a significant risk of EC acting as a gateway to TC use, several factors contributing to this phenomenon such as a facilitated transition to smoking or its perception as a harmless toy...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931164/impact-of-patient-education-on-influenza-vaccine-uptake-among-community-dwelling-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Ka Chun Leung, Carlo Mui, Wing Yan Chiu, Yuk Yiu Ng, Matthew H Y Chen, Pui Hung Ho, Chun Pong Kwok, Suki S M Lam, Chun Yip Wong, Kit Yee Wong, Herbert H Pang
This randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effectiveness of brief face-to-face patient education in increasing influenza vaccination rate among elderly in the community. Recruitment and intervention were conducted at two general outpatient clinics in Hong Kong. 529 eligible patients were randomly assigned to intervention or control group with 1:1 allocation ratio. Patients in the intervention group received 3-min one-on-one verbal education by medical students and a pamphlet regarding influenza vaccination...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854575/university-students-perceived-risk-of-and-intention-to-use-waterpipe-tobacco
#9
Mary Kay Rayens, Melinda J Ickes, Karen M Butler, Amanda T Wiggins, Debra G Anderson, Ellen J Hahn
Emerging tobacco product use is increasing. We evaluated factors associated with perceived risk of and intention to use waterpipe tobacco by surveying students at a large university in the southeastern U.S. (N = 667). Proportional odds modeling assessed whether demographic characteristics and social acceptability are associated with perceived risk of waterpipe tobacco use; and if these factors and perceived risk are related to intention to use waterpipe tobacco. Participants who perceived waterpipe tobacco to be more socially acceptable had lower odds of perceiving it as risky (95% confidence interval [CI] 0...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854574/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-targeting-sexual-communication-skills
#10
L Widman, C E Golin, K Kamke, J Massey, M J Prinstein
Adolescent girls are at substantial risk of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. To reduce these risks, we developed Health Education And Relationship Training (HEART), a web-based intervention focused on developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of this new program and examined if perceived acceptability varied according to participant ethnicity, sexual orientation or sexual activity status. Participants were part of a randomized controlled trial of 222 10th-grade girls (Mage = 15...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854573/evaluation-of-a-sexual-abuse-prevention-education-program-for-school-age-children-in-china-a-comparison-of-teachers-and-parents-as-instructors
#11
Y Jin, J Chen, Y Jiang, B Yu
The aim of this present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention curriculum toward children and to compare the knowledge gains between children who were taught by teachers and their parents. Four hundred and eighty-four school-age children recruited from one primary school in Beijing, China, were randomly assigned to a CSA prevention program administered by teachers or their parents or to a wait-list control group. The findings reveal that children in the teacher education group demonstrated the highest level of CSA prevention knowledge and skills, followed by the parent education group, while children in the control group showed the least improvements...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854572/planning-community-based-assessments-of-hiv-educational-intervention-programs-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Ben Kelcey, Zuchao Shen
A key consideration in planning studies of community-based HIV education programs is identifying a sample size large enough to ensure a reasonable probability of detecting program effects if they exist. Sufficient sample sizes for community- or group-based designs are proportional to the correlation or similarity of individuals within communities. As a result, efficient and effective design requires reasonable a priori estimates of the correlational structure among individuals within communities. In this study, we investigate the degree of correlation among individuals within communities and regions using samples of sixth-grade adolescents from 609 local area district communities and 122 regions in 15 sub-Saharan African nations...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854571/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-french-hazardous-drinkers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Juliette Guillemont, Chloé Cogordan, Bertrand Nalpas, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Pierre Arwidson
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention to reduce alcohol consumption among hazardous drinkers. A two-group parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted among adults identified as hazardous drinkers according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. The intervention delivers personalized normative feedback and some general information about alcohol. Participants can review their motivations and fears regarding reducing their alcohol intake, set individual goals and monitor their progress via a consumption diary and other tools...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854570/involving-mosques-in-health-promotion-programmes-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-mclass-intervention-on-smoking-in-the-home
#14
R King, S Warsi, A Amos, S Shah, G Mir, A Sheikh, K Siddiqi
Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure is high among UK Bangladeshi and Pakistani populations, reflecting higher male smoking prevalence and fewer home smoking restrictions than the general population. The Muslim Communities Learning About Second-hand Smoke (MCLASS) study explored the feasibility and acceptability of implementing SHS education in 14 UK mosques. Religious teachers (RTs) in seven intervention mosques were trained and provided with a culturally appropriate educational package. After the intervention, mosque leaders, RTs and congregants' experiences and perceptions of the intervention were explored through interviews and focus group discussions...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854569/linking-smokers-to-a-quitline-randomized-controlled-effectiveness-trial-of-a-support-person-intervention-that-targets-non-smokers
#15
Christi A Patten, Raymond Boyle, David Tinkelman, Tabetha A Brockman, Amy Lukowski, Paul A Decker, Joanne D'Silva, Edward Lichtenstein, Shu-Hong Zhu
Evidence-based treatments (e.g. quitlines) are greatly underutilized by smokers limiting their public health impact. A three-session phone intervention for nonsmoking family members and friends (i.e. support persons) was successful for increasing smoker quitline enrollment. To enhance the intervention's potential translatability, in this study, we delivered treatment for the non-smoker within ongoing quitline services and compared the efficacy of the three-call intervention to a streamlined version (one call)...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486643/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-outcomes-of-a-workplace-self-management-intervention-and-an-intensive-monitoring-intervention
#16
Laura H Schopp, Mary J Clark, William R Lamberson, David J Uhr, Marian A Minor
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare outcomes of two voluntary workplace health management methods: an adapted worksite self-management (WSM) approach and an intensive health monitoring (IM) approach. Research participants were randomly assigned to either the WSM group or the IM group by a computer-generated list (n = 180; 92 WSM and 88 IM). Participants completed baseline, 3 and 12-month follow-up surveys. Individuals receiving workplace WSM and IM improved in self-efficacy and nearly all health behaviors and health status variables after the intervention, compared to before the intervention...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482104/mediating-alcohol-use-in-eastern-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-role-of-popular-media-in-young-people-s-recreational-drinking
#17
Emeka W Dumbili, Lesley Henderson
Nigeria has high levels of alcohol consumption, and little or no regulation of the alcohol industry. There is a dearth of studies exploring young adults' drinking in a Nigerian context with only a few predominantly quantitative surveys. These do not explore the social meanings attached to drinking practices nor do they shed light on potential gender differences and how these are mediated by popular media. This qualitative study addresses this gap with semi-structured interviews involving 31 undergraduate students...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482058/underage-drinking-group-identity-and-access-to-alcohol-a-qualitative-study-of-chinese-youths
#18
S Yoon, W W T Lam, J T L Sham, T H Lam
Despite substantial research into underage youth's source of alcohol, few studies have examined how they go about obtaining alcohol through various means. This study explored the nature of alcohol access by Chinese adolescents and how their own perceptions around alcohol availability influence them to source alcohol in particular ways. This research involved focus groups with 111 young people aged 14-17 in Hong Kong, China. A grounded theory analysis was conducted using NVivo 10. While participants perceived ease of obtaining alcohol from retail outlets, proxy purchasing through friendship group members was reported as routine experience primarily to avoid potential embarrassment of being turned away...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481977/long-live-love-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-an-online-school-based-sexuality-education-program-in-the-netherlands
#19
Sanne van Lieshout, Fraukje Mevissen, Esri de Waal, Gerjo Kok
Schools are a common setting for adolescents to receive health education, but implementation of these programs with high levels of completeness and fidelity is not self-evident. Programs that are only partially implemented (completeness) or not implemented as instructed (fidelity) are unlikely to be effective. Therefore, it is important to identify which determinants affect completeness and fidelity of program implementation. As part of the launch of Long Live Love+ (LLL+), an online school-based sexuality education program for adolescents aged 15-17, we performed a process evaluation among teachers and students to measure the levels of completeness and fidelity, identify factors influencing teachers' implementation, and to evaluate the students' response...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472284/randomized-controlled-trial-of-abstinence-and-safer-sex-intervention-for-adolescents-in-singapore-6-month-follow-up
#20
Mee Lian Wong, Junice Y S Ng, Roy K W Chan, Martin T W Chio, Raymond B T Lim, David Koh
We assessed the efficacy of an individual-based behavioral intervention on sexually transmitted infections' (STI) risk-reduction behaviors in Singapore. A randomized controlled trial of a behavioral intervention compared to usual care was conducted on sexually active heterosexual adolescents aged 16-19 years attending the only public STI clinic. The intervention included two on-site skills-based sessions targeting individual, relational and environmental influences on sexual behaviors, followed by online support...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
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