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Health Education Research

Pratibha Nayak, Dianne C Barker, Jidong Huang, Catherine B Kemp, Theodore L Wagener, Frank Chaloupka
While the market share of electronic vapor products (EVPs), sold primarily through vape shops and other outlets, has increased rapidly, these products remained largely unregulated until 2016. This study, conducted prior to announcement of the deeming regulations, provides insights into vape shop operator attitudes toward potential government regulations of EVPs. In 2015, we conducted 37 in-person interviews of vape shop operators across nine US cities. Shops were identified through extensive web-searches. We used QSR International's NVivo 11 qualitative data analysis software to analyze the transcripts...
March 26, 2018: Health Education Research
Karishma S Furtado, Elizabeth L Budd, Xiangji Ying, Anna J deRuyter, Rebecca L Armstrong, Tahna L Pettman, Rodrigo S Reis, Pauline Sung-Chan, Zhaoxin Wang, Tahnee Saunders, Leonardo A Becker, Jianwei Shi, Long Sum Tabitha Mui, Ross C Brownson
Implementation of evidence-based practices can improve efficiency and effectiveness of public health efforts. Few studies have explored the political contextual factors that impact implementation of evidence-based non-communicable disease prevention (EBNCDP). This study aimed to do so in Australia, Brazil, China and the United States. Investigators conducted 10-13 qualitative, semi-structured interviews of public health practitioners working in functionally similar public health organizations in each country (total N = 50)...
March 14, 2018: Health Education Research
Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, Rachel Vickers Smith
The aim of this study is to determine, among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM), the 12-month efficacy of a single-session, clinic-based intervention promoting condom use to enhance sexual pleasure (purpose 1) and the use of condoms from the start-to-finish of anal sex (purpose 2). A pre-test, post-test randomized controlled trial was conducted, using a 12-month period of follow-up observation, in STI clinics. Data from 394 YBMSM completing baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments were analyzed...
March 9, 2018: Health Education Research
R B Acton, L Vanderlee, C A Roberto, D Hammond
An increasing number of countries are developing front-of-package (FOP) labels; however, there is limited evidence examining the impact of specific design characteristics for these labels. The current study investigated consumer perceptions of several FOP label design characteristics, including potential differences among sociodemographic sub-groups. Two hundred and thirty-four participants aged 16 years or older completed nine label rating tasks on a laptop at a local shopping mall in Canada. The rating tasks asked participants to rate five primary design characteristics (border, background presence, background colour, 'caution' symbol and government attribution) on their noticeability, readability, believability and likelihood of changing their beverage choice...
March 3, 2018: Health Education Research
S Tomokawa, S Kaewviset, J Saito, T Akiyama, J Waikugul, K Okada, J Kobayashi, M Jimba
Thailand formulated a National School Health Policy (NSHP) in 1998, and it has been widely implemented but has not been evaluated. This case study aimed to identify factors that have influenced the implementation of NSHP in Thailand. For this purpose, we conducted a document review and key informant interviews. We selected key interviewees, from NSHP implementers at national, provincial and school levels in four geographical areas. We adopted a content analysis method, using a framework of 12 influential components of successful policy implementation and triangular policy framework...
March 2, 2018: Health Education Research
Obrey Alexis, Aaron Worsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Health Education Research
H Zachor, J C Chang, S Zelazny, K A Jones, E Miller
To explore the effect of provider communication-skills training on frequency of intimate partner violence (IPV) and reproductive coercion (RC) assessment, four family planning clinics were randomized to IPV/RC communication-skills building workshop or standard knowledge-based IPV/RC training and compared to historical controls from the same clinics (before any training). Female patients aged 16-29 completed after-visit surveys. Primary outcomes included provider discussion about IPV/RC, receipt of safety card with IPV/RC resources and patient disclosure of IPV/RC...
February 28, 2018: Health Education Research
Roberto Cardarelli, Mary Horsley, Lisa Ray, Nancy Maggard, Jennifer Schilling, Sarah Weatherford, Fran Feltner, Kayla Gilliam
This exploratory study aimed to address the effectiveness of a lay-health worker (LHW) model in addressing social needs and readmissions of high-risk patients admitted in a rural community hospital. A quasi-experimental study design assessed implementation of a LHW model for assisting high-risk patients with their post-discharge social needs. Outcome measures included 30-day hospital readmissions rates during a 4-month baseline period compared with a 6-month post-implementation period. The LHW intervention involved assessment and development of a personalized social needs plan for enrolled patients (e...
February 21, 2018: Health Education Research
Obrey Alexis, Aaron Worsley
Evidence suggests that black men are disproportionately more affected than any other ethnicity by prostate cancer. The aim of this review is to identify studies exploring black men of African and Caribbean descent, their fears of prostate cancer and their attitudes towards screening. Four databases were searched and reference lists of relevant papers were hand searched. The inclusion criteria were studies exploring attitudes towards screening and fear of prostate cancer in black men of African and Caribbean backgrounds, peer-reviewed research, qualitative studies, surveys, questionnaires and English language publications...
February 9, 2018: Health Education Research
Leslie R Carnahan, Kristine Zimmermann, Manorama M Khare, Ellen Paulsey, Yamile Molina, JoEllen Wilbur, Stacie E Geller
The majority of rural US men fail to meet physical activity (PA) guidelines and are at risk for chronic diseases. This study sought to understand rural men's perceptions about PA and PA engagement and the influence of masculinity and social norms. From 2011 to 2014, 12 focus groups were conducted with men prior to a church-based health promotion intervention. Men were recruited from Illinois' rural, southernmost seven counties, where 40% of men report no exercise in the past 30 days. We used inductive content analysis methods to identify PA-related themes, and subsequently used elements of the Health, Illness, Men, and Masculinities framework as a lens to explore subthemes...
February 8, 2018: Health Education Research
Marie Leiner, Jesus Peinado, Angelica Baylon, Isis Lopez, Indu Pathak
Patient misunderstandings of healthcare-related instructions result in significant health, social and economic consequences. Pushing the boundaries of traditional academic methods may offer strategies that promote new ways to improve communication and understanding between healthcare providers, caregivers and patients. Comics can be an educational tool, offering an innovative strategy to communicate health-related information. Our study objective was to compare parents' understanding of health-related instructions (i...
April 1, 2018: Health Education Research
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
April 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Kelly Henning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Health Education Research
T K Masupe, K Ndayi, L Tsolekile, P Delobelle, T Puoane
The colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care providers...
February 1, 2018: Health Education Research
D Noonan, S Silva, J Njuru, T Bishop, L J Fish, L A Simmons, S H Choi, K I Pollak
Text-based interventions are effective for smoking cessation, but have not been tested in rural older adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a text-based Scheduled Gradual Reduction (SGR) program to a non-SGR text messaging support condition among rural older adults. Adults over 60 years were randomized to either: (i) the SGR program (n = 20), a text-based program to reduce smoking over 4-weeks plus text-based support messages; or (ii) control (n = 20), receipt of text-based support messages only...
February 1, 2018: Health Education Research
K Perepezko, L Tingey, P Sato, S Rastatter, C Ruggiero, J Gittelsohn
Youth obesity is a major public health problem in the United States, especially among urban-based, minority youth. The B'More Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) trial worked at multiple levels of the food environment, including carryouts, to increase access to and demand for healthy, affordable foods. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implementation of BHCK's carryout intervention. Process evaluation was conducted to assess intervention reach (number of interactions with youth and adults either in person or on social media), dose delivered (number of food samples and promotional materials distributed, social media posts and meetings with owners) and fidelity (availability of promoted items)...
February 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Mohammad Bagherniya, Ali Taghipour, Manoj Sharma, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Isobel R Contento, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Mohammad Safarian
Social cognitive theory (SCT) is a well-known theory for designing nutrition education and physical activity programs for adolescents. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intervention studies based on SCT in reducing or preventing overweight and obesity in adolescents. An electronic literature search in PubMed-Medline, Web of Science and Scopus was performed to identify intervention studies based on SCT aiming at preventing or reducing obesity in adolescents. All the articles published up to July 2016 were included...
February 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Erica C Spears, Jeffrey J Guidry, Idethia S Harvey
There is a paucity in the literature examining the African American middle-class. Most studies of African Americans and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) have concentrated on lower-SES individuals, or make no distinction between African Americans of varying socio-economic positions. Middle-class African Americans are vulnerable in ways often overlooked by researchers. This study quantitatively examines specific T2DM knowledge and perceptions of risk in middle-class African Americans (N = 121). The majority of respondents, 70...
December 11, 2017: Health Education Research
Cam Escoffery, Patricia Mullen, Brooke Genkin, Lucja Bundy, Shade Owolabi, Regine Haardörfer, Rebecca Williams, Lara Savas, Michelle Kegler
Few community interventions exist to reduce secondhand exposure to tobacco smoke in the home. This study presents the coaching process of a larger intervention to promote smoke-free homes across an efficacy and 2 effectiveness trials. It furthers assesses the coaching call's reach and participants' satisfaction with the call across three intervention sites. The sources of the data were from baseline and 3-month follow-up surveys, coaching forms or online tracking system and interviews with coaches. Reach for the coaching call across trials was fairly high from 72% to 92%...
December 1, 2017: Health Education Research
Carla J Berg, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Gillian L Schauer, Bridget Freisthler
As recreational marijuana expands, it is critical to develop standardized surveillance measures to study the retail environment. To this end, our research team developed and piloted a tool assessing recreational marijuana retailers in a convenience sample of 20 Denver retailers in 2016. The tool assesses: (i) compliance and security (e.g. age-of-sale signage, ID checks, security cameras); (ii) marketing (i.e. promotions, product availability and price) and (iii) contextual and neighborhood features (i.e. retailer type, facilities nearby)...
December 1, 2017: Health Education Research
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