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Health Education Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115424/schoolyard-upgrade-in-a-randomized-controlled-study-design-how-are-school-interventions-associated-with-adolescents-perception-of-opportunities-and-recess-physical-activity
#1
Lars B Christiansen, Mette Toftager, Charlotte S Pawlowski, Henriette B Andersen, Annette K Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen
School recess physical activity is important for adolescent s health and development, and several studies have established evidence based on cross-sectional studies that it is influenced by the environment in the schoolyard. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and variation across schools of a school-based intervention on students perceived opportunities for physical activity in the schoolyard, and to evaluate if an improved collective perception of opportunities was followed by an increase in PA during recess for the 13-15 year-old students...
January 23, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088755/hispanic-mothers-beliefs-regarding-hpv-vaccine-series-completion-in-their-adolescent-daughters
#2
A M Roncancio, K K Ward, C C Carmack, B T Muñoz, F L Cribbs
Rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion among adolescent Hispanic females in Texas in 2014 (∼39%) lag behind the Healthy People 2020 goal (80%). This qualitative study identifies Hispanic mothers' salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs regarding having their adolescent daughters complete the vaccine series. Thirty-two mothers of girls (aged 11-17) that had received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine, completed in-depth interviews. Six girls had received one dose of the HPV vaccine, 10 girls had received two doses, and 16 girls had received all three doses...
January 14, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087587/association-between-dietary-intake-and-school-valued-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#3
H S K Chan, C Knight, M Nicholson
Approximately one in four Australian children aged 5-17 years are overweight or obese. Most of the health effects of overweight and obesity in childhood do not eventuate until into adulthood; therefore, motivation for children to have a healthy diet may be low. This scoping review examined the literature for associations between diet quality in 5-18 year olds and 'school-valued' outcomes including student attendance, academic performance, behaviour at school and mental health. A literature search for studies that assessed dietary intake and at least one 'school-valued' outcome in schoolchildren, in highly developed countries was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087586/using-e-cigarettes-in-the-home-to-reduce-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-disadvantaged-parents-accounts
#4
Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are subject to considerable public health debate. Most public health experts agree that for smokers who find it particularly challenging to quit, e-cigarettes may reduce harm. E-cigarette use in the home may also reduce children's secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, although e-cigarette vapour may pose risks. This is the first qualitative study to explore disadvantaged parents' views and experiences of e-cigarettes in relation to reducing SHS exposure in the home. Interviews with 25 disadvantaged parents from Edinburgh who smoked and had children aged 1-3 were conducted in 2013, with 17 re-interviewed in 2014...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052932/lay-understanding-of-the-causes-of-binge-drinking-in-the-united-kingdom-and-australia-a-network-diagram-approach
#5
David A Keatley, Eamonn Ferguson, Adam Lonsdale, Martin S Hagger
Binge drinking is associated with deleterious health, social and economic outcomes. This study explored the lay understanding of the causes of binge drinking in members of the general public in the United Kingdom and Australia. Participants in the United Kingdom (N = 133) and Australia (N = 102) completed a network diagram exercise requiring them to draw causal paths and provide path strength ratings between 12 candidate factors (24-h opening, age, alcohol advertizing, alcohol availability, boredom, drinking culture, income, low cost, parental influence, peer pressure, stress and supermarket discounts) and binge drinking...
January 3, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052931/pastoral-perceptions-of-the-learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#6
Chandra R Story, Tyra T Gross, Idethia S Harvey, Melicia C Whitt-Glover
African-American women experience higher rates of obesity compared to other racial/ethnic groups. High levels of reported church attendance among African-Americans have led to the proliferation of faith-based health programs. Pastors can influence success for faith-based programs. The purpose of this study was to assess pastors' perceptions of the L.A.D.I.E.S. intervention, designed to increase physical activity levels in sedentary African-American women. For the L.A.D.I.E.S. intervention, 31 churches (n = 418 women) were randomized at the church level to a faith-based, non-faith-based or self-guided program...
January 3, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158558/step-care-treatment-for-smoking-cessation
#7
Jon O Ebbert, Melissa A Little, Robert C Klesges, Zoran Bursac, Karen C Johnson, Fridtjof Thomas, Mark W Vander Weg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158490/perceptions-and-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-pregnancy
#8
Andrea McCubbin, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Janine Barnett, Kristin Ashford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158420/factors-influencing-implementation-of-a-preschool-based-physical-activity-intervention
#9
Erica Y Lau, Ruth P Saunders, Michael W Beets, Bo Cai, Russell R Pate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923866/the-association-between-cannabis-use-and-motivation-and-intentions-to-quit-tobacco-within-a-sample-of-australian-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-smokers
#10
Laura Twyman, Billie Bonevski, Christine Paul, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Jamie Bryant, C Oldmeadow, K Palazzi, A Guillaumier
This study aimed to (i) describe concurrent and simultaneous tobacco and cannabis use and (ii) investigate the association between cannabis use and motivation and intentions to quit tobacco in a sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 and 2014 with current tobacco smokers receiving aid from two community service organizations in New South Wales, Australia. At least weekly cannabis use for the month prior to survey, motivation to quit tobacco and intentions to quit tobacco were measured in 369 participants (77% consent rate)...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923865/engaging-parents-of-children-with-and-without-asthma-in-smoking-specific-parenting-results-from-a-3-year-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluation
#11
Linda Ringlever, Marieke Hiemstra, Rutger C M E Engels, Onno C P van Schayck, Roy Otten
: The present study evaluated long-term effects of a home-based smoking prevention program targeting smoking-specific parenting in families with children with and without asthma. A total of 1398 non-smoking children (mean age 10.1) participated, of which 197 (14.1%) were diagnosed with asthma. Families were blinded to group assignment. The intervention group (n = 684) received booklets with assignments that actively encouraged parents to engage in smoking-specific parenting strategies...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923864/outcomes-of-the-smoker-s-health-project-a-pragmatic-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-tobacco-dependence-interventions-based-on-self-determination-theory
#12
Geoffrey C Williams, Christopher P Niemiec, Heather Patrick, Richard M Ryan, Edward L Deci
A pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial examined whether extending the duration of a cost-effective, intensive tobacco-dependence intervention designed to support autonomy will facilitate long-term tobacco abstinence. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three tobacco-dependence interventions based on self-determination theory, namely, Intensive Treatment (IT; six contacts over 6 months), Extended Need Support (ENS; eight contacts over 12 months) and Harm Reduction (HR; eight contacts over 12 months with medication use if willing to reduce cigarette use by half)...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923863/using-the-theory-of-normative-social-behavior-to-understand-compliance-with-a-smoke-free-law-in-a-middle-income-country
#13
M J Byron, J E Cohen, S Frattaroli, J Gittelsohn, D H Jernigan
Smoke-free laws, which ban smoking in public venues, can be effective in protecting public health, but it has been difficult to achieve compliance with these laws in low- and middle-income countries. This study was conducted to understand the social norms around public smoking and learn how to improve compliance in Bogor, the first Indonesian city to pass a comprehensive smoke-free law. Eleven stratified focus groups were conducted (n = 89). Data were analyzed using the theory of normative social behavior, which posits that the influence of descriptive norms (perceptions about what other people do) on behavior is moderated by injunctive norms (perceptions about what one is expected to do), outcome expectations and group identity...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923862/use-of-a-motivational-interviewing-informed-strategy-in-group-orientations-to-improve-retention-and-intervention-attendance-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lan Xiao, Nan Lv, Lisa G Rosas, Shweta Karve, Veronica Luna, Elizabeth Jameiro, Nancy Wittels, Jun Ma
High retention and treatment adherence are essential to ensure the quality of evidence from clinical trials. Strategies for improving these have been explored but actual rates in lifestyle intervention trials indicate challenges. This study examined the use of a motivational interviewing-informed strategy during interactive group orientations prior to obtaining informed consent, collecting baseline data and randomization in a healthy dietary pattern intervention trial for asthma control in adults. The themes generated from small group discussions and echoed in large group discussions during the orientation sessions helped potential participants better understand the scientific rationale of the research design and procedures and the practical implications for them to participate in the study...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923861/critical-stakeholder-determinants-to-the-implementation-of-intersectoral-community-approaches-targeting-childhood-obesity
#15
R M J J van der Kleij, M R Crone, R Reis, T G W M Paulussen
Several intersectoral community approaches targeting childhood obesity (IACOs) have been launched in the Netherlands. Translation of these approaches into practice is however arduous and implementation. We therefore studied the implementation of five IACOs in the Netherlands for one-and-a-half years. IACO implementation was evaluated via an adapted version of the MIDI questionnaire, consisting of 18 theory-based constructs. A response rate of 62% was obtained. A hierarchical multivariate linear regression model was used to analyse our data; the final regression model predicted 65% of the variance in adherence...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923860/using-a-domestic-and-sexual-violence-prevention-advocate-to-implement-a-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-athletes
#16
M C D Jaime, M Stocking, K Freire, L Perkinson, S Ciaravino, E Miller
'Coaching Boys into Men' is an evidence-based dating violence prevention program for coaches to implement with male athletes. A common adaptation of this program is delivery by domestic violence and sexual violence prevention advocates instead of coaches. We explored how this implementer adaptation may influence athlete uptake of program messages and outcomes. Randomly, one school received the program delivered by an advocate while another school received the program delivered by coaches. Athletes completed baseline and follow-up surveys (n = 148), and a subset who received the advocate-led program participated in focus groups (four groups; n = 26)...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744355/decision-making-for-pap-testing-among-pacific-islander-women
#17
Jie W Weiss, Michele Mouttapa, Lola Sablan-Santos, Jasmine DeGuzman Lacsamana, Lourdes Quitugua, Sora Park Tanjasiri
This study employed a Multi-Attribute Utility (MAU) model to examine the Pap test decision-making process among Pacific Islanders (PI) residing in Southern California. A total of 585 PI women were recruited through social networks from Samoan and Tongan churches, and Chamorro family clans. A questionnaire assessed Pap test knowledge, beliefs and past behaviour. The three MAU parameters of subjective value, subjective probability and momentary salience were measured for eight anticipated consequences of having a Pap test (e...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744354/developing-a-model-of-health-behavior-change-to-reduce-parasitic-disease-in-vietnam
#18
Suni Petersen, Trina Do, Christy Shaw, Kaile Brake
Worldwide more deaths occur due to conditions that can be ameliorated by behavior change. Changing health behaviors using models popularized in non-western countries has not proven particularly successful. The purpose of this study was to test variables elicited during qualitative interviews and cultural conversations to develop a model of health behavior change from the ground up in Vietnam. Village leaders and women representatives from the Women's Committee were trained as health advocates to facilitate changes in health practices that led to parasitic and infectious diseases...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651394/self-management-education-for-rehabilitation-inpatients-suffering-from-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
A Reusch, R Weiland, C Gerlich, K Dreger, C Derra, D Mainos, T Tuschhoff, A Berding, C Witte, B Kaltz, H Faller
Although inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects patients' psychological well-being, previous educational programs have failed to demonstrate effects on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life. Therefore, we developed a group-based psychoeducational program that combined provision of both medical information and psychological self-management skills, delivered in an interactive manner, and evaluated it in a large, cluster-randomized trial. We assigned 540 rehabilitation inpatients suffering from IBD (mean age 43 years, 66% female) to either the new intervention or a control group comprising the same overall intensity and the same medical information, but only general psychosocial information...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540182/reducing-tobacco-use-among-low-socio-economic-status-youth-in-delhi-india-outcomes-from-project-activity-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
Melissa B Harrell, Monika Arora, Shalini Bassi, Vinay K Gupta, Cheryl L Perry, K Srinath Reddy
To test the efficacy of an intervention to reduce tobacco use among youth (10-19 years old) in slum communities in Delhi, India. This community-based cluster-randomized trial included 14 slums composed of purposely built resettlement colonies and adjacent inhabitant-built Jhuggi Jhopris. Youth in the intervention received a 2 year multiple-component intervention: (a) youth and adult leader training; (b) peer-led interactive activities and outreach; (c) tobacco cessation camps; and (d) enforcement of India's Tobacco Control Law (smoke-free environments and youth access)...
October 2016: Health Education Research
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