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Health Education Research

Ingo Menrath, Gundula Ernst, Karin Lange, Nora Eisemann, Ruediger Szczepanski, Doris Staab, Mareike Degner, Ute Thyen
For frequent pediatric chronic conditions, especially less common chronic conditions patient education programs are missing. A recently developed modular patient education approach (ModuS) combines disease-specific modules with generic psychosocial topics. ModuS was associated with increased disease-specific knowledge and improvements in families' well-being in children with asthma. In this study we tested if new developed ModuS programs for seven, mostly less common, chronic conditions show comparable program-associated effects...
December 10, 2018: Health Education Research
Adi Nugroho, Robert W S Coulter, Vicki Erasmus, Pipiet A Laksmono, Tengku S Mihari, Jan Hendrik Richardus
Implementers of outreach program in Indonesia often provide formal training for their outreach workers (OWs) only at the startup. We believe continuous training can be provided by experienced OWs at any time if an appropriate training package is available. Using a one-group pre-test-post-test study design; we developed, implemented and evaluated an OW-informed training program aimed at increasing OWs' knowledge and skills for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women. We analyzed longitudinal data from 75 OWs from 7 Indonesian cities using one-way within-subjects ANOVA to examine the effects of the training program on participants' knowledge and perceived skills over time Average overall knowledge among participants increased from pre-test to immediate post-test (P < 0...
December 1, 2018: Health Education Research
J Jones, B Carter, R Wilkerson, C Kramer
This study assessed attitudes toward HIV and awareness of previous HIV prevention campaigns among young black men in the United States of America (USA). The study also ascertained the appropriateness of HIV testing messages for young black men and explored the use of social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages for social media marketing campaigns. Nineteen (n = 19) black male college students attending a public university in Atlanta, GA, USA from September 2016 to October 2016 participated in three focus groups...
December 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Roula Kteily-Hawa, Lori A Chambers, Shriya Hari, Chikermane Vijaya, Ragulan Suruthi, Shazia Islam, Mandana Vahabi
Story-based learning is well recognized as an effective strategy for adult health education. However, there is a scarcity of research on story-based health education among women in South Asian diasporic communities. To address this gap, we undertook a pilot study in Toronto to explore how South Asian women respond to the use of fact-based and story-based materials for HIV/STI prevention. A total of 78 women were recruited from across the city. We engaged nearly half of the women (n=40) using fact sheets on HIV/STIs, and the remainder (n=38) using stories written by South Asian women on HIV/STIs...
November 27, 2018: Health Education Research
Azita Kiani Asiabar, Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi, Majid Hajifaraji, Farid Zayeri
Gaining weight above the Institute of Medicine recommended range contributes to the development of obesity, which increases risk for diseases. We evaluated the effectiveness of an educational program with the spouse's participation on the optimal gestational weight gain (GWG) in pregnancy. We conducted a randomized controlled trial on 128 nulliparous women attending Najmieh Hospital-Antenatal Clinic based in Tehran-Iran. Participants randomly allocated into two groups of interventions and one control group...
November 27, 2018: Health Education Research
S Passmore, L Jones
There has been an emphasis on schools to promote healthy lifestyles and many intervention programmes have attempted this. Most programmes are evaluated at the time and/or shortly afterwards. This is a review of the impact and sustainability of the Health for Life programme 2-5 years after the initial phase. It captures the experiences of the senior school staff who delivered the programme through semi-structured interviews. Senior teachers recognized the importance of promoting healthy lifestyles in primary schools...
November 23, 2018: Health Education Research
Luke Wolfenden, Jannah Jones, Ben Parmenter, Lubna Abdul Razak, John Wiggers, Philip J Morgan, Meghan Finch, Rachel Sutherland, Christophe Lecathelinais, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Karen Gillham, Sze Lin Yoong
The primary aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a childcare-based intervention in increasing child physical activity by allowing children unrestricted access to outdoor areas for free-play when structured activity is not taking place. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in six childcare services. Intervention services provided children unrestricted access outdoors for active free-play, while control services provided their usual scheduled periods of outdoor play. Consent was obtained from 231 children...
November 15, 2018: Health Education Research
J Niederdeppe, D Kemp, E Jesch, L Scolere, A Greiner Safi, N Porticella, R J Avery, M C Dorf, A D Mathios, S Byrne
Exposure to cigarette advertising can increase the likelihood of youth smoking initiation and may encourage people who already smoke to continue. Requiring prominent, graphic warning labels could reduce these effects. We test whether graphic versus text-only warning labels in cigarette advertisements influence cognitive and emotional factors associated with youth susceptibility to smoking and adult intentions to quit. We conducted two randomized, between-subjects experiments with middle-school youth (n = 474) and adult smokers (n = 451)...
October 24, 2018: Health Education Research
S C Carvajal, S Huang, M L Bell, C Denman, J Guernsey de Zapien, E Cornejo, J Chang, L K Staten, C Rosales
Chronic diseases are the primary health burden among Mexican-origin populations and health promotion efforts have not been able to change negative population trends. This research presents behavioral and subjective health impacts of two related community health worker (CHW) interventions conducted in the US-Mexico border region. Pasos Adelante (United States) and Meta Salud (Mexico) are 12-13 week CHW-led preventive interventions implemented with Mexico-origin adults. Curricula include active learning modules to promote healthy dietary changes and increasing physical activity; they also incorporate strategies to promote social support, empowerment and group exercise components responsive to their communities...
October 24, 2018: Health Education Research
E T Quilliam, B A McKay, M K Lapinski, G Viken, J Plasencia, Z Wang, A Fraser
Millions of dollars have been spent on the design and dissemination of educational materials to improve handwashing to prevent infectious diseases. School-age children have been the focus of many of these efforts; yet little is known about the content of these materials. This study uses content analysis to examine the theoretical and motivational trends as well as the communication approach used in a sample of hand hygiene intervention materials targeting elementary-age children. Two trained coders analyzed 144 communication materials...
October 20, 2018: Health Education Research
L Sullivan, L Pursell, M Molcho
Concussion education is an important aspect of concussion prevention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a novel, theory of planned behavior (TPB)-driven concussion education program on secondary school athletes' concussion-reporting relevant cognitions immediately post-intervention and at 3 months follow-up. Data were collected from 428 secondary school athletes during the 2016-2017 academic year: 229 were assigned to an intervention group of which 59 (25.76%) completed assessments at all timepoints; 199 were assigned to a control group of which 153 (76...
October 20, 2018: Health Education Research
D A Rubin, K S Wilson, K E Honea, D M Castner, J G McGarrah, D J Rose, M Dumont-Driscoll
NCT02058342. Registered 6 February 2014 retrospectively registered.
October 20, 2018: Health Education Research
S B Birtwistle, G Ashcroft, R Murphy, I Gee, H Poole, P M Watson
Exercise referral schemes aim to increase physical activity amongst inactive individuals with or at risk of long-term health conditions. Yet many patients referred to these schemes (by health professionals) fail to take up the exercise opportunities on offer. Understanding factors influencing uptake to exercise referral schemes may help improve future attendance. Using the Socio-Ecological Model as a framework, this qualitative study aimed to explore factors influencing uptake to an exercise referral scheme based in the North West of England...
October 10, 2018: Health Education Research
G Scaioli, F Bert, M Martorana, R Gili, R Thomas, M R Gualano, R Siliquini
Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (ECs) and a lack of regulation of EC advertising, this study aimed to analyse online videos promoting ECs to assess the main marketing messages that could influence consumers' perceptions of associated risks and benefits. A web search of EC advertising videos was performed on YouTube by using keywords related to EC promotion. An evaluation grid was used to analyse promotional messages contained in each video. The most frequent promotional messages were related to health benefits (67...
September 20, 2018: Health Education Research
Margaret M Thomas, Philayrath Phongsavan, Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Adrian E Bauman
Physical inactivity is a major contributor to non-communicable disease and people of low socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to be insufficiently active. Physical activity mass media campaigns aim to increase physical activity participation, but little is known about their impact on low SES groups. We reviewed the published literature from 1990 to June 2016 to identify reports of physical activity mass media campaigns. We documented evaluation/study design, target population, campaign outcomes assessed, SES measures used and analysed the results of the SES comparisons...
October 1, 2018: Health Education Research
N M Ja, J S Tiffany
The benefits of positive parent-adolescent relationships and effective communication on sexual risk have been demonstrated among minority parents and teenagers. However, there is need for illuminating how structural inequalities, such as economic disadvantage and being an ethnic/racial minority, shape parents' approaches to adolescent sexuality. Schalet's cultural framework describes White middle-income Dutch parents' 'normalization' (i.e. support for self-regulated sexuality, healthy relationships and normalization of teenage sexuality) versus White middle-income American parents' 'dramatization' (i...
October 1, 2018: Health Education Research
N H Kime, A Pringle, M J Rivett, P M Robinson
Physical activity is a key component in the management of diabetes, but most people do not engage in recommended levels of physical activity. A recent consensus statement on exercise management in type 1 diabetes (T1D) fails to mention behavioral change and the specific determinants impacting on exercise management. The aim of this study is to investigate the needs of adults with T1D around physical activity and the challenges they face. Using a person-centered approach, focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews recorded the perspectives of 67 adults aged ≥18 with diabetes...
October 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Chloe S Gordon, Sandra C Jones, Lisa K Kervin, Steven J Howard
Advertisements are persuasive texts designed to communicate ideas explicitly and implicitly through visual grammar. Counter-advertisements allow students to engage with advertising texts as creators rather than consumers and challenge media messages. Based in critical media literacy theory, this paper explores how elementary students interpret and redesign advertisements to create meaning. This study focused on the messages upper-elementary school students created about alcohol following a 10-lesson alcohol media literacy programme...
October 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Fovzieh Sanaati, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Hamidreza Farrokh Eslamlo, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 189 pregnant women to determine the effect of lifestyle-based training for women and their husbands on post-partum anxiety (PPA) and depression (PPD). Follow-ups were continued up for 6 weeks after childbirth. Participants were allocated to three groups using block randomization. In the first intervention group, both the women and their husbands, and in the second intervention group only the women received the lifestyle-based education. In the control group, women received only routine care...
October 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Carla Rodriguez-Sanchez, Franco Sancho-Esper, Luis V Casaló
Despite its potentially harmful effects, adolescent binge drinking is becoming increasingly common worldwide. To enable the design of more effective school information campaigns, the underlying factors of heavy alcohol use must be carefully analysed. This study investigated how individual, social and contextual factors relate to adolescent binge drinking. It also explored whether adolescents' exposure to information campaigns at school moderates the relationships between perceived parental and peer alcohol consumption and adolescent binge drinking...
October 1, 2018: Health Education Research
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