journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Cardiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875478/functional-mitral-stenosis-following-mitral-valve-repair
#1
Vincent Chan, Thierry Mesana, Subodh Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the evidence describing functional mitral stenosis (MS) following surgical mitral valve repair. RECENT FINDINGS: Functional MS is an evolving concept and has been implicated in the repair of functional and organic mitral regurgitation. Following repair of functional mitral regurgitation, an elevation in peak transmitral gradient and pulmonary artery pressure has been observed under physiologic stress. These changes have been associated with worse functional status early after restrictive annuloplasty...
November 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861189/oral-anticoagulation-for-stroke-prevention-amongst-atrial-fibrillation-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease-an-update
#2
Andrew C T Ha, Atul Verma, Subodh Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The majority of evidence on the safety and efficacy of oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention amongst patients with atrial fibrillation is derived from those without significant valvular heart disease. This article will review current knowledge, areas of uncertainty and controversy, and ongoing research on oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention amongst patients with valvular heart disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The rates of stroke, systemic embolism, and major bleeding were similar for patients with and without significant native valvular disease when treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or vitamin K antagonists...
November 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861188/controversies-in-quantification-of-mitral-valve-regurgitation-role-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Kim A Connelly, Edwin C Ho, Howard Leong-Poi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mitral regurgitation remains a common problem, and when severe, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. At present, echocardiography remains the primary modality for assessing both mechanism and severity of mitral regurgitation. However, recent studies demonstrate that the echocardiographic assessment of mitral regurgitation severity may be subject to variability as a result of semiquantitative parameters, dependence upon loading conditions and significant interobserver variability...
November 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861187/genetic-testing-in-cardiomyopathies-an-update-on-indications-and-benefits
#4
Natasha Aleksova, Julie Rutberg, Martin Green, Haissam Haddad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As rapid genetic testing has become increasingly accessible in a timely fashion, more genetic mutations are identified in inherited conditions such as cardiomyopathies. Understanding when to consider genetic testing is an important part of the management of patients whose presentations vary from decompensated heart failure to sudden cardiac death. RECENT FINDINGS: We describe the benefits of genetic testing for risk stratification of family members, prognostication of probands, and identification of novel disease-causing mutations and examine the possible role of genetic predisposition in seemingly acquired cardiomyopathies such as peripartum and anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy...
November 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906707/hybrid-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-current-approaches-and-future-directions
#5
Gianluigi Bisleri, Benedict Glover
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation has rapidly evolved during the past decade: although the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation via a transcatheter approach has been consistently successful, persistent and long-standing atrial fibrillation still represents a major clinical challenge with less favorable outcomes to date. Because novel, minimally invasive surgical approaches have been developed for atrial fibrillation ablation, the aim of the present review is to analyze the current evidence surrounding the integration of surgical and transcatheter strategies in a hybrid fashion for the treatment of atrial fibrillation...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902526/editorial-introductions
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898435/percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-closure-current-state-of-the-art
#7
Mohammad-Ali Jazayeri, Venkat Vuddanda, Valay Parikh, Dhanunjaya R Lakkireddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The authors reviewed the seminal and more recent literature surrounding the major modalities for percutaneous left atrial appendage closure used in contemporary practice, with particular emphasis on safety and efficacy, technical challenges, and future developments. RECENT FINDINGS: Along with the continued practice of surgical left atrial appendage closure, which has evolved substantially with the advent of clipping techniques, a number of percutaneous methods have been developed to close the left atrial appendage with endocardial, epicardial, and hybrid approaches...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898434/the-continuing-challenge-of-evaluating-diastolic-function-by-echocardiography-in-children-developing-concepts-and-newer-modalities
#8
Wadi Mawad, Mark K Friedberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assessment of diastolic function by echocardiography is challenging but important. Left ventricular filling has been more extensively studied than the right ventricle, and predominantly in adult populations. Although multiple parameters exist to assess diastolic function, they all have limitations, including load and heart rate dependency, which make assessment of diastolic function particularly challenging. The purpose of this article is to review evolving concepts and modalities for echo assessment of diastolic function in children...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875477/smartphone-based-arrhythmia-monitoring
#9
Paul Garabelli, Stavros Stavrakis, Sunny Po
The use of smartphones for arrhythmia monitoring is another leap for ECG utilization and arrhythmia detection - effectively taking the technology to any smartphone user. Smart wearable technology, while very common, is limited mostly to activity tracking and exercise motivation. Rhythm strip generating smartphone products (Kardia Mobile by AliveCor and ECG Check by Cardiac Designs) are more powerful at arrhythmia detection than wearable monitors. These products, which have been studied in a variety of situations, rely on an external device with metal sensors to create a rhythm strip, which is usually Lead I...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875476/pacing-to-prevent-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Surendra K Chutani, Arti N Shah, Bharat K Kantharia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pacemakers are frequently implanted in patients with atrial fibrillation. Many patients with pacemakers also develop atrial fibrillation. Over a period of time, through many studies on different pacing modes, sites, and algorithms, significant insights have been gained in the field of treatment and prevention of atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this review is to discuss some aspects of the scientific basis, current standards and possible future research related to cardiac pacing for prevention of atrial fibrillation...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875475/scar-based-catheter-ablation-for-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Pablo B Nery, Rebecca Thornhill, Girish M Nair, Elena Pena, Calum J Redpath
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Percutaneous catheter ablation can be an effective treatment for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. However, catheter ablation for the treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation is associated with success rates of 45-50% at 1 year. To address the challenge of ablating patients with persistent atrial fibrillation, several approaches have been proposed. Atrial scar-based catheter ablation is a promising strategy for ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861186/the-genetics-of-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Kenshi Hayashi, Hayato Tada, Masakazu Yamagishi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent findings regarding the role of rare and common genetic variants in atrial fibrillation. RECENT FINDINGS: Atrial fibrillation is associated with several clinical risk factors and its development is affected by genetic background. To date, rare variants from more than 30 genes have been identified from studies of familial cases or individuals with lone atrial fibrillation. In addition to using the candidate gene approach for the identification of rare variants, next-generation sequencing approaches such as genomic, whole exome and targeted sequencing have been employed...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861185/three-dimensional-printing-changing-clinical-care-or-just-a-passing-fad
#13
Justin Ryan, Chelsea Gregg, David Frakes, Stephen Pophal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advances in medical imaging and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction software have enabled a proliferation of 3D modeling and 3D printing for clinical applications. In particular, 3D printing has garnered an extraordinary media presence over the past few years. There is growing optimism that 3D printing can address patient specificity and complexity for improved interventional and surgical planning. Will this relatively untested technology bring about a paradigm shift in the clinical environment, or is it just a transient fad? RECENT FINDINGS: Case studies and series centered around 3D printing are omnipresent in clinical and engineering journals...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861184/catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-a-model-for-genotype-specific-therapy
#14
Thomas M Roston, Filip Van Petegem, Shubhayan Sanatani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a life-threatening syndrome defined by exercise-induced or emotion-induced ventricular arrhythmias, typically caused by gain-of-function mutations in RYR2-encoded ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2). This review will discuss recent advances and ongoing challenges in devising genotype-specific CPVT therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: CPVT patients were once universally thought to be at high risk of sudden death; however, as more cases emerge, CPVT is being re-defined as a complex syndrome of variable expressivity...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801691/sudden-cardiac-death-in-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-with-a-mustard-or-senning-baffle-the-myocardial-ischemia-hypothesis
#15
Paul Khairy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The literature on sudden death in transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) with atrial switch surgery is reviewed and a pathophysiological mechanism is proposed. RECENT FINDINGS: Over 80% of sudden deaths in patients with D-TGA and Mustard or Senning baffles occur during exercise. Factors most consistently associated with ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death include heart failure parameters and atrial arrhythmias. Atrial arrhythmias have been observed to trigger malignant ventricular arrhythmias...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801690/five-decades-of-pediatric-heart-transplantation-challenges-overcome-challenges-remaining
#16
Steven Zangwill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pediatric heart transplants continue to be the therapy of choice for children with end stage heart failure. The interplay of limited donor supply, improvement in ventricular assist device (VAD) technology and utilization, and a focus on optimizing long-term outcomes make it critically important for practitioners to be aware of an evolving diagnostic and therapeutic arsenal. RECENT FINDINGS: Data suitable to define best practices for pediatric heart transplantation consist of an amalgam of small single center series, registry reviews and judicious inference from adult studies...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755138/efficacy-of-adjunctive-measures-used-to-assist-pulmonary-vein-isolation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review
#17
Girish M Nair, Roshan Raut, Karan Bami, Pablo B Nery, Calum J Redpath, Mouhannad M Sadek, Martin S Green, David H Birnie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary vein reconnection leading to recurrence of atrial arrhythmias after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation remains a significant challenge. A number of adjunctive measures during PVI have been used to attempt to reduce pulmonary vein reconnection and recurrence of atrial arrhythmias. We performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the efficacy of adjunctive measures used during PVI in reducing recurrent atrial arrhythmias...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755137/real-world-outcomes-complications-and-cost-of-catheter-based-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-an-update
#18
Andrew C T Ha, Harindra C Wijeysundera, David H Birnie, Atul Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Catheter-based ablation for atrial fibrillation is a useful and effective form of rhythm-control therapy for symptomatic patients. This article reviews the 'real-world' experience on the outcomes, complications, and costs of atrial fibrillation ablation. RECENT FINDINGS: Currently, real-world outcomes of atrial fibrillation ablation are derived from retrospective analysis of administrative databases or prospective registries from selected centers and patients...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755136/the-wearable-defibrillator-current-technology-indications-and-future-directions
#19
Sven Reek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator has been available for over a decade. In recent years, the device has been prescribed increasingly for a wide range of indications. The purpose of this review is to describe the technical and clinical aspects of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator. The available literature on safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness is reviewed, and indications for use will be discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator has been used successfully in more than 100 000 patients for a variety of indications...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749402/editorial-introductions
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
journal
journal
29307
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"