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Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA

Marc Soubeyrand, Bruno Grignon, Fabrice Duparc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Łukasz Olewnik, Anna Waśniewska, Michał Polguj, Michał Podgórski, Piotr Łabętowicz, Kacper Ruzik, Mirosław Topol
PURPOSE: The palmaris longus (PL) muscle is characterized by high-morphological variability. It is clinically important as it is routinely harvested for the reconstruction of other tendons. The study characterizes the morphology of the PL in human fetuses and creates a new classification based on its variations that would relate to the spectrum of morphological variability in adults. METHODS: Eighty spontaneously aborted human foetuses (44 male, 36 female, 160 upper limbs), aged 18-38 weeks of gestation, were examined...
July 18, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Vladimir Musil, Josef Sach, David Kachlik, Matej Patzelt, Josef Stingl
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe the origin of the Latin anatomical term vasa vasorum and its role in current medical research and to present examples of grammatical errors in its use. METHODS: Literary searches oriented on the term vasa vasorum were used to identify publications using it in the medical literature from the seventeenth century up to the present. RESULTS: The Latin term vasa vasorum was introduced by Ludwig in 1739...
July 18, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Silvia Gandolfi, Isabelle Auquit-Auckbur, Yoann Poirot, Albane Bonmarchand, Jordane Mouton, Raphael Carloni, Iad Nseir, Fabrice Duparc
INTRODUCTION: The elbow joint is particularly exposed to soft tissue injuries associated with fractures and dislocations. Different coverage options within the past decades for recovering loss of soft tissue defects around the elbow region have been proposed based on anatomical research. Our aim was to make an updated focus on the anatomical basis of different techniques of coverage of loss of tissues around the elbow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The main procedures of flaps were defined: local random, axial fasciocutaneous, local muscle pedicle, propeller and free microvascular flaps...
July 10, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Istemihan Coban, Suzan Sirinturk, Fuat Unat, Yelda Pinar, Figen Govsa
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the upper eyelids following traumatic, congenital and tumor surgeries is often difficult owing to a variety of reasons including the influence of the lacrimal system, visual system and aesthetic appearance. In most cases of the reconstruction in the upper eyelid tarsal plate is the main anatomical area that should be protected against the damage. The aim of this study is to investigate the types and the measurements of the tarsal plate of the upper eyelids in Anatolian population...
July 9, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Andreas Kurrek, Angelo Troedhan, Marko Konschake
PURPOSE: An ongoing clinical trial regarding intra- and post-surgical morbidity in maxillary apicoectomies showed significant higher morbidity for upper canines and palatal roots of upper 1st premolars. Analysis of available presurgical cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)-scans revealed the existence of an unknown bone-canal branching off from the bone-canal or groove of the anterior superior alveolar artery (asaa). Aim of the study was the determination of the contents of this newly found bone canal in human cadaver heads, its prevalence as possible standard anatomical structure and its automatized detection with a contemporary high-resolution TRIUM-CBCT-device in vivo...
July 6, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Mark J Lambrechts, Nicholas W Wiegers, Felipe Ituarte, Francis H Shen, Ali Nourbakhsh
PURPOSE: This cadaver study was initiated to identify safe zones for psoas abscess debridement using a dorsal spinal approach. METHODS: Twenty total specimens were dissected and lumbar transverse process (TP) and psoas muscles were identified. The distance from the lateral psoas muscle to the transverse process tip was measured. The lumbar plexus was dissected from the psoas and the distance from the TP to the lateral border of the lumbar plexus was measured. The area between the lateral edge of the psoas and lumbar plexus at each lumbar level was considered a safe zone of approach for entry into the psoas muscle for abscess debridement...
July 5, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Philippe Manyacka Ma Nyemb, Christian Fontaine, Véronique Martinot-Duquennoy, Xavier Demondion, Jean-Marc Ndoye
INTRODUCTION: The trapezius muscle is a good option for soft tissue defects in the cervical and thoracic regions. However, pedicled flaps raised from perforators in the trapezius are rare. Through a series of cadaver dissections, the authors aim to map the perforating arteries in the trapezius muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dissection of 58 anatomical regions in 32 cadavers was carried out. The perforating arteries of the trapezius were inventoried based on their location, dimensions and frequency using the scapular spine and spinous process line as landmarks...
July 5, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Onur Levent Ulusoy, Deniz Alis, Aysegul Oz, Sezgi Burcin Barlas, Bedriye Koyuncu Sokmen, Sadik Sever, Ayhan Mutlu, Bulent Colakoglu
PURPOSE: The subclavius posticus muscle (SPM) is an aberrant muscle, and the presence of the SPM has a clinical significance, since the SPM might lead to thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). To date, no radiological study has been evaluated the prevalence of the SPM in the adult population. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of the SPM using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed brachial plexus, neck, and thoracic MRI of the patients who underwent MRI for various pathologies...
July 4, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Jung-Hee Bae, Ji-Soo Lee, Da-Yae Choi, JeongHoon Suhk, Seong Taek Kim
PURPOSE: The descending part of the trapezius muscle is clinically associated with neck pain and aesthetic applications. The innervation of the trapezius muscle is not well described in the medical literature for clinicians. The aim of study was to analyze the perforating branch pattern of the accessory nerve in the descending part of the trapezius muscle with the aim of describing the most efficient and reproducible BoNT injection sites for aesthetic treatment of shoulder contouring...
June 26, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Daniele Gibelli, Michaela Cellina, Stefano Gibelli, Annalisa Cappella, Antonio Giancarlo Oliva, Giovanni Termine, Chiarella Sforza
Anatomical variants of the ethmoid bone have a special importance in several fields, especially in otolaryngology; a precise understanding of the complex anatomy and anatomic variations of the ethmoid bone is crucial for radiological diagnosis of paranasal pathology and for surgical work-up in order to avoid potential complications. The present study aims at helping general radiologists to become familiar with the most common forms of ethmoid anatomical variants and their clinical relevance.
June 22, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Ana González-Castillo, Santiago Rojas, Marisa Ortega, Alfonso Rodríguez-Baeza
PURPOSE: Situs inversus totalis is mirror transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. Very few reports have been published on anatomic dissections of cadavers with this condition. METHODS: This work describes a case of situs inversus totalis identified during the anatomical dissection of a 91-year-old woman. RESULTS: Thoracic and abdominal viscera were inverted, but otherwise normal. The aorta originated from the right ventricle, which exhibited characteristics of the systemic ventricle...
June 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Joshua G Davimes, Nicholas Bacci, Pedzisai Mazengenya
The sternalis muscle is an infrequent, non-pathological anatomical variant typically misrepresented in a clinical context. It presents with 3-8% prevalence, according to cadaveric studies. The muscles were identified during routine cadaver prosection at the School of Anatomical Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand. Here, we report two cases of the sternalis muscle in two South African White cadavers. Analysis of the sternalis muscles revealed unilaterally present, distinctly defined muscle masses on the right (case number 1, female) and left (case number 2, male) hemithorax, lateral to the sternum...
June 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Yujin Myung, Bomi Choi, Sang Jun Yim, Bo La Yun, Heeyeon Kwon, Chang Sik Pak, Chanyeong Heo, Jae Hoon Jeong
PURPOSE: Studies focusing on the originating patterns of the deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) have not been conducted. Here, we analyzed the vascular anatomy of the DIEA with computed tomographic angiography (CTA) to provide assistance during proximal pedicle dissection of a DIEA-based flap. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on patients who had undergone breast reconstruction with the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap and the deep inferior epigastric perforator flap from March 2006 to October 2016...
June 20, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Marko Konschake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Patrick Kennedy, Alexander Payatakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Ana Isabel Cisneros, Marta Herreros, Jesús Obón, Jaime Whyte
PURPOSE: To describe the ontogeny of vertical semicircular canals using computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have studied 39 human fetuses aged between 17 and 38 weeks of development through multi-helicoidal CT. RESULTS: The first signs of ossification in the semicircular canals, superior and posterior, are from 19 weeks of development, through two primary ossification centers in each canal, which will take part in the formation of the outer cover oriented towards the middle and posterior brain fossae, respectively...
June 18, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Yunus Emre Kundakci, Nadire Unver Dogan, Ibrahim Guler, Ismihan Ilknur Uysal, Zeliha Fazliogullari, Ahmet Kagan Karabulut
PURPOSE: We aimed to research in detail the morphology of the facet orientation (FO) and tropism (FT) in degenerative diseases. METHOD: This study consisted of patients with disc degeneration (DD) and with lumbar spondylolisthesis (LS) as well as a control group without these two diseases. The group of patients with DD was separated by DD grades. Vertebral body and intervertebral discs' (IVDs) morphometric values, facet joint osteoarthritis (OA) grading, FO and FT were examined in all the groups...
June 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Kursat Murat Ozcan, Omer Hizli, Hakan Ulusoy, Zafer Unsal Coskun, Guven Yildirim
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the medial and inferior localization of orbit in patients with maxillary sinus hypoplasia using paranasal computerized tomography. METHODS: We included 76 patients who had a hypoplastic maxillary sinus at least on one side, and 76 patients with normal maxillary sinuses (control group). To assess the localization of orbit, we measured the distances from middle meatal antrostomy point to medial border of orbital medial wall and to the lower border of orbital floor in all patients...
June 15, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Veronica Macchi, Edgardo Enrico Edoardo Picardi, Andrea Porzionato, Aldo Morra, Lineo Tabarin, Flaviano Gusella, Bruno Grignon, Raffaele De Caro
PURPOSE: In forensic clinical anatomy computed tomography (CT) is used in post-mortem radiological investigation as an objective nondestructive documentation of the body surface and of the interior of the body. This technique is applied also in paleopathology, in particular in mummy studies, with the aim of providing a permanent record of the mummy's features, investigating the embalming procedure employed and analyzing the extent of the preservation in detail. METHODS: For the Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy, the mortal remains of Saint Leopold Mandic and Saint Pio da Pietralcina, as examples of Mercy known by everyone, have been brought to Rome in February 2016...
June 13, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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