Read by QxMD icon Read

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA

İlhan Bahşi, Mustafa Orhan, Piraye Kervancıoğlu, Eda Didem Yalçın
INTRODUCTION: The pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) infiltration is performed to reduce blood flow during endoscopic sinus surgery and septorhinoplasty, as well as to control posterior epistaxis and provide regional anesthesia in dental procedures. PPF infiltration performed with consideration of the morphometrics of greater palatine foramen (GPF), greater palatine canal (GPC) and PPF would increase the success of the procedure and reduce the risk of complications. The aim of this study is to investigate the GPF, GPC, lesser palatine foramen (LPF), lesser palatine canal (LPC) and PPF morphology via the images obtained by CBCT, to provide information for interventional procedures...
January 8, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Mutsuaki Edama, Tomoya Takabayashi, Takuma Inai, Takanori Kikumoto, Wataru Ito, Emi Nakamura, Ryo Hirabayashi, Masahiro Ikezu, Fumiya Kaneko, Ikuo Kageyama
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the strain applied to each of the tendon fiber bundles of the medial head of the gastrocnemius (MG), the lateral head of the gastrocnemius (LG), and the soleus muscle (Sol) that compose the Achilles tendon (AT) when the subtalar joint is pronated and supinated. METHODS: Three AT twist types (least, moderate, extreme) were investigated. Using the MicroScribe system, the AT and the talocrural and subtalar joints were digitized to reconstruct three-dimensional models...
January 8, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Fabrice Duparc, Bruno Grignon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Omar Hasan, Stephanie Greco, Timothy Kennedy, Darren Carpizo, Jeffrey Kempf, John Nosher
Hepatic arterial infusion pumps are increasingly utilized as an option for liver directed therapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma. After skeletonization of the hepatic artery through the ligation of extra-hepatic branches, these pumps are implanted surgically with their tip placed in the common hepatic artery. Subsequently, a nuclear medicine pump study is performed to ensure homogeneous perfusion of the liver and detect any extrahepatic perfusion. We report a peripheral arc between the superior mesenteric artery and celiac axis, which caused misperfusion on the SPECT nuclear medicine scan...
January 5, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Özlem Elvan, Orhan Beger, Meryem İlkay Karagül, Deniz Uzmansel, Necat Şakir Yılmaz, Zeliha Kurtoğlu Olgunus
PURPOSE: The aim of present study was to reveal slip transfers related to flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and flexor digitorum longus (FDL) by dissection and to investigate detailed structure of chiasma plantare composed of FHL-FDL tendons and quadratus plantae (QP), with precise composition of the long flexor tendons of lesser toes by histological sections in human fetuses. METHOD: Slip transfers related to FHL and FDL tendons were identified and the related morphometric measurements were taken with dissection in 28 formalin-fixed fetuses (25-40 weeks)...
January 3, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Emanuele Felli, Taiga Wakabayashi, Pietro Mascagni, Zineb Cherkaoui, Vanina Faucher, Patrick Pessaux
Aberrant splenic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is extremely rare and recognition of this anomaly is important in the pre-operative planning of complex surgery such as pancreatic surgery, liver transplantation and vascular surgery. We present the case of an 80-year-old female diagnosed as septic shock due to mesenteric ischemia and obstructive pyelonephritis. Her splenic artery was originating from the SMA and the anomaly was readily appreciated on the pre-operative CT images. An explorative laparotomy associating extensive small bowel resection with endarterectomy of the proximal part of the SMA was performed...
January 3, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Jan Bartoníček, Ondřej Naňka
"Syndesmologia siue historia ligamentorum corporis humani", published in 1742 by a German anatomist Josias Weitbrecht (1702-1747), who for a long time lived and worked in St. Petersburg, is the first comprehensive textbook of syndesmology. The accuracy and quality of the accompanying illustrations are fascinating, even after almost 300 years. Weitbrecht was also the first to describe the synovial folds of the hip joint, later named after him as the retinacula of Weitbrecht. This eponym appeared in the first half of the nineteenth century in the studies of femoral neck fractures published in the UK...
January 2, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Silvio Antonio Garbelotti Junior, Paulo Ricardo Rocha, Bianca Maria Liquidato, Sérgio Ricardo Marques, Luis Alfonso Arráez-Aybar, Luís Otávio Carvalho de Moraes
The cricoid cartilage serves as an anatomical reference for several surgical procedures for access to the airway. Additionally, it serves as an attachment point for muscles that move the vocal folds. We present a case where the cricoid cartilage arch is divided into distinct superior and inferior arches, with a fibrous membrane between them. We did not find any similar description to this case in the literature, which makes it unique to date. This type of variation is important knowledge for clinicians and surgeons during airway management in the anterior neck region...
January 2, 2019: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Xiaowen Li, Xinjing Zhang, Qian Lu, Ang Li, Jingyi Lin, Haining Fan, Rui Tang
PURPOSE: During the last decades, it has been established that there are numerous individual anatomical variations of the arterial blood supply in human liver. In the present study, we examined the liver vascularization of an intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patient. METHODS: For surgical planning, an enhanced CT scan was performed and a three-dimensional model of liver vascularization constructed. RESULTS: The patient was diagnosed as a Michel's type VII hepatic artery variation...
December 22, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Mariusz Baumgart, Marcin Wiśniewski, Magdalena Grzonkowska, Mateusz Badura, Michał Szpinda, Katarzyna Pawlak-Osińska
PURPOSES: Details concerning the normal growth of the pelvic girdle in the fetus are of importance in the early detection of congenital defects. This study was executed to quantitatively evaluate the primary ossification center of the ischium with relation to its linear, planar and volumetric parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using methods of CT, digital-image analysis, and statistics, geometrical dimensions of the ischium's primary ossification center in 42 spontaneously aborted human fetuses (21 ♂ and 21 ♀) aged 18-30 weeks were calculated...
December 20, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Andrew David Clelland, Ourania Varsou
PURPOSE: Groin injury, sportsman's groin and inguinal disruption (ID) refer to a diffuse chronic groin pain syndrome that has significant impact on athletes and is often unresponsive to conservative management. The ID aetiology is poorly understood but may involve weakness of the inguinal ligament attachments or the posterior inguinal canal wall or the tendons of adductor longus and rectus abdominis. We discuss the literature in which the inguinal ligament was directly targeted for ID management in athletic populations...
December 20, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Tim Leschinger, Felix Krane, Michael Hackl, Alexander van Tongel, Martin Scaal, Lars Peter Müller, Kilian Wegmann
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence and topography of the dominant nutrient foramen at the clavicle. METHODS: 317 macerated human clavicles (167 right and 150 left) were available for the study. After detecting the dominant nutrient foramen, the total distance from the sternal surface to the examined nutrient foramen was measured. A foramen index (FI) was used for further data processing. RESULTS: We detected a dominant foramen in 300/317 (94...
December 19, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Federico Canavese, Alain Dimeglio, François Bonnel, Marco Corradin, Bruno Pereira, Amélie Marcoul, Yann Philippe Charles
PURPOSE: The thoracic spine, the chondral and osseous ribs, and the sternum together make up the thoracic cage. These elements are strictly correlated, although their growth is not synchronous. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive data set of thoracic dimensions and non-invasive volumetric assessment in a large cohort of males and females from early childhood to young adult age. METHODS: In all, 622 healthy individuals (406 girls, 216 boys) aged 6-18 years were consecutively enrolled between 2006 and 2016...
December 17, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Lei Zhang, Xiaoguang Guo, Yang Liu, Min Ou, Xiaoyan Lin, Ji Qi, Yanxiao Xu, Guoyou Wang, Shijie Fu
PURPOSE: The aims of this study had been to classify the superior angle of the scapula based on morphological features, and to investigate its correlation with the suprascapular notch. METHODS: 303 samples of Chinese dried scapular specimens were collected from the Department of anatomy, Southwest Medical University. According to the anatomical morphological characteristics of the superior angle of the scapula, the morphological classification was performed to explore its correlation with the suprascapular notch (SSN)...
December 15, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Lara Nokovitch, Julien Davrou, François Bidault, Bernard Devauchelle, Stéphanie Dakpé, Christian Vacher
PURPOSE: Initially described by Baudet in 1982, the fibula flap including the lateral head of the soleus muscle allows a one-stage reconstruction for large maxillo-mandibular defects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of muscular branches destined to the soleus muscle and their distance from the origin of the fibular artery, to assess the vascular anatomy of the free fibula flap including the lateral head of the soleus muscle applied to maxillo-mandibular reconstruction...
December 14, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Jung Ah Park, Je-Sung Lee, Ki-Seok Koh, Wu-Chul Song
PURPOSE: The Frankfurt line is the most frequently and widely used reference line in cephalometric analysis, but has shortcomings including the difficulty of landmark identification. This study investigated using the superior border of the zygomatic arch as a new external bony landmark, including measuring the angle between the new reference line and the Frankfurt line. METHODS: Facial computed tomography scans were obtained from 170 patients (100 males and 70 females) hospitalized at Konkuk University Chungju Hospital...
December 14, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Adamantios Michalinos, Dimitrios Schizas, Dimitrios Ntourakis, Dimitrios Filippou, Theodore Troupis
PURPOSE: The arc of Bühler, an anastomotic vessel between celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery, is a rare anatomic variation. Various radiologic and surgical procedures can be affected by its existence. We aim to review all available information and identify possible clinical implications. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. The following terms were utilized in various combinations: "Bühler", "arc of Bühler", "visceral aneurysm", "pancreaticoduodenal arcades"...
December 14, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Rafaela Scariot, Paola Corso, Briana Gonsar, Navenett Gill, Paula Cristina Trevillato, Anitha Potluri, Alexandre Rezende Vieira
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between condylar bone morphological characteristics with occlusal conditions. Besides the study will compare the tomography images with the real condition in 122 temporomandibular joints from 61 skulls. The occlusal conditions were evaluated by number of teeth missing, measurement of overjet and overbite, in millimeters, and presence or absence of crossbite, openbite and dental rotation. The condylar bone morphological conditions were classified in five types (normal, presence of erosion, presence of osteophytes, flattening and/or deformation)...
December 14, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Vito De Blasi, Silviu-Tiberiu Makkai-Popa, Luca Arru, Patrick Pessaux, Juan Santiago Azagra
PURPOSE: Our aim is to present a rare case of anatomic variation of the arterial blood supply to the liver because preoperative knowledge of hepatic vascular variations is mandatory in hepatic surgery and liver transplantation. METHODS: We present a case of unusual arterial blood supply to the liver, a right hepatic artery coming from the splenic artery, associated to a classical common hepatic artery and a left hepatic artery from the left gastric artery. Preoperative diagnosis was made using CT-scan and 3D reconstruction...
December 13, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
M Bartikian, A Ferreira, A Gonçalves-Ferreira, L L Neto
PURPOSE: In many medical schools, the study of Anatomy is becoming increasingly theoretical owing to the difficulty of having human body parts available, rather than offering the students the possibility of a more realistic and practical approach. We developed a project where we use a 3D printer to produce models of the human skull bones, with high quality and quantity to satisfy the needs for Anatomy classes and to be available for request to study at home. METHODS: We selected regular and well-shaped bones of the head upon which we based the 3D models...
December 13, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"