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Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA

Nidhi Singh, Puja Chauhan, Hitendra Kumar Loh, Mangala Kohli, Rajesh Kumar Suri
PURPOSE: The study was undertaken to make a qualitative and quantitative assessment of unnamed foramen and tunnels in adult human scapulae with aid of plain and contrast radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 dry bones, 60 each of the right and the left side were included in the study. Distribution of these foramina and tunnels was noted for their number, side, location, course and communication. Their morphometry was done using Vernier's caliper. RESULTS: Incidence of scapular foramina was 7...
October 12, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Ga Young Lee, Young Jin Heo, Hyun Seok Jung, Hye Jung Choo, Young Jun Cho, Hae Woong Jeong, Jin Wook Baek
Persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is a rare cerebrovascular variation of remnant fetal carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomoses. The PTA variant terminates in the cerebellar artery with no direct connection to the basilar artery. We present a rare case of a PTA variant that terminated directly into the ipsilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery.
October 7, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Veerle De Grove, Inneke Willekens, Leon Lenchik, Maryam Shahabpour, Johan de Mey, Michel De Maeseneer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the amount of fluid in the joints of the ankle and midfoot on MR imaging in asymptomatic volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one healthy asymptomatic volunteers (42 ankles) were evaluated with MRI imaging. There were 13 men and 8 women. The mean age was 24.7 years (19-42 years). MR imaging was performed on a 3T MR system using proton density weighted images with fat saturation (TR 2969, TE 30 ms, NA 2, slice thickness 2...
October 6, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Marcin Majos, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Zofia Szemraj-Rogucka, Marcin Elgalal, Raffaele De Caro, Veronica Macchi, Michał Polguj
BACKGROUND: An in-depth knowledge of renal vascular anatomy is essential when planning many surgical procedures; however, a few data exists regarding renal artery diameter. The aim of this study was to assess this morphological feature and to investigate whether a correlation exists between renal artery diameter and the type of arterial supply, with a particular emphasis on variant anatomy and the presence of multiple renal arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computed tomography angiography (CTA) studies of 248 patients, i...
October 5, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
V Macchi, A Porzionato, A Morra, E E E Picardi, C Stecco, M Loukas, R S Tubbs, R De Caro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Jean-Christophe Maran, Lucie Cassagnes, Vincent Delmas, Dominique Musset, René Frydman, Gérard Mage, Michel Canis, Louis Boyer, Olivier Ami
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the observable MRI changes in the urogenital sinus during the second stage of labor and delivery by comparing the changes in the positions of the anatomical structures of the maternal perineum using MRI-based vector 3-D models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven pregnant women underwent 3-D MRI sequences using a Philips 1 T Panorama open MRI during the pre-labor period and during the second stage of labor. A 3-D vector reconstruction platform (BABYPROGRESS, France) enabled the transformation of volumes of 2-D images into finite element meshes...
September 26, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Mugurel Constantin Rusu, N Măru, M Săndulescu, C J Sava
Nasal anatomic variations are relevant during nasal surgical and endoscopic procedures. The extent of imaging methods, such as the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), allows a better characterization of such peculiar anatomic traits. The bifid inferior turbinate (BIT) is a rare finding, being previously reported less than ten times. It was found and described on CT scans of patients, being usually associated with the absence of the uncinate process (UP). We hereby report for the first time a bilateral true BIT which differs from the previously reported BITs by the fact that the UPs were present and the bifidity was oriented laterally...
September 25, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Qing-Lin Fei, Yuan-Yuan Zhou, Yi-Xiao Yuan, Shan-Quan Sun
The aim of this study was to reveal the external features of the bronchial artery (BA) system, so as to provide morphological basis for clinic. The BAs in 48 adult cadavers were dissected and analyzed. The number of BAs in 48 cases was 118. The incidence of BA arising from thoracic aorta, right posterior intercostal artery, and right subclavian artery was 69.49, 27.12, and 3.39%, respectively. The origin of BAs in individual specimen might be single, two, or all of them, respectively. According to the different origin and/or origins of BAs, it could be divided into five categories...
September 23, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Julien Gaillard, Laurent-Marie Bourcheix, Alain-Charles Masquelet
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue defect on lower limb can result in an intractable wound. Surgeons resort in flaps to cover these injuries. Including fascia as in the case of a fasciocutaneous flap increases survey of the flap. Rising a perforator flap avoids to sacrifice a major vessel whence the nourishing perforator artery is born. We wanted to explore suprafascial distribution of the fibular skin perforator arteries supposing possible to find out a vascular axis composed of anastomoses of the fibular perforator vessels...
September 21, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Th von Arx, M Schaffner, M M Bornstein
PURPOSE: The objective of this review is to present an update and summary of clinical findings of cases with a patent nasopalatine duct (NPD) reported in the literature from 1881 to 2016. METHODS: Previous articles and reviews about patent NPDs were studied and copies of all original publications were obtained for data verification. Furthermore, a literature search was conducted. In addition, the study sample was complemented with four cases recently seen in our institution...
September 19, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
David Kachlik, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to extend and revise the sections of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) dealing with the lower limb structures and to justify the use of newly proposed anatomical terms in clinical medicine, education, and research. METHODS: Anatomical terms were gathered during our educational experience from anatomical textbooks and journals and compared with the four previous editions of the official Latin anatomical nomenclature. RESULTS: The authors summarise 270 terms with their definitions and explanations for both constant and variable morphological structures (bones, joints, muscles, vessels, nerves and superficial structures) of the hip, thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and foot completed with several grammatical remarks and some general anatomical terms...
September 18, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Won-Kang Lee, Jung-Hee Bae, Kyung-Seok Hu, Takafumi Kato, Seong-Taek Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Masahito Yamamoto, Urara Kojyo, Nobuaki Yanagisawa, Keisuke Mitomo, Takeshi Takayama, Koji Sakiyama, Shinichi Abe
INTRODUCTION: Major anatomical textbooks generally state that the biceps brachii muscle (BB) is composed of long and short heads, whereas the brachialis muscle (BR) consists of a single head. However, the numbers of heads comprising the BB and the BR are very variable. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the branching patterns of the musculocutaneous nerve (MC) influence the number of heads of the BB and the BR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphological examinations of the BB and MC were conducted using cadavers of 22 Japanese individuals, and morphological examinations of the BR and the MC were conducted in 9 of those 22 individuals...
September 11, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
José-Olímpio M Vasconcelos-Filho, Adamastor H Pereira, Guilherme B B Pitta, Laécio Leitão-Batista, Aldemar A Castro, Alberto Ribeiro Souza-Leão, Cláudio M Lacerda
PURPOSE: To measure the distance between the right and middle hepatic veins and portal vein branches, in human cirrhotic liver casts. Was this measure actually smaller in the cirrhotic liver than in normal one? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was authorized by an area Research Ethics Committee, and each study subject or legal representative granted signed informed consent. Acrylic corrosion casts of 21 resected cirrhotic livers were generated. Diameters of hepatic veins and portal branches and pertinent intervening distances were measured...
September 9, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Louis Chenin, Sharmila Tandabany, Pascal Foulon, Eric Havet, Johann Peltier
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: The median sacral artery (MSA) is a relatively small vessel that always arises from the posterior, terminal part of the infrarenal aorta. In most cases, the MSA runs behind the iliocaval junction. Here, we describe a very rare case of an MSA running in front of this junction. CASE REPORT: During a human cadaveric dissection of the retroperitoneal area, we unexpectedly observed that the MSA passed in front of the left common iliac vein...
September 5, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Achilleas Siozopoulos, Vasilios Thomaidis, Panos Prassopoulos, Aliki Fiska
PURPOSE: Literature includes a number of studies using structural MRI (sMRI) to determine the volume of the amygdala, which is modified in various pathologic conditions. The reported values vary widely mainly because of different anatomical approaches to the complex. This study aims at estimating of the normal amygdala volume from sMRI scans using a recent anatomical definition described in a study based on post-mortem material. METHODS: The amygdala volume has been calculated in 106 healthy subjects, using sMRI and anatomical-based segmentation...
August 31, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Ross Bannon, Shivani Parihar, Yiannis Skarparis, Ourania Varsou, Enis Cezayirli
PURPOSE: The pterygopalatine fossa is one of the most complex anatomical regions to understand. It is poorly visualized in cadaveric dissection and most textbooks rely on schematic depictions. We describe our approach to creating a low-cost, 3D model of the pterygopalatine fossa, including its associated canals and foramina, using an affordable "desktop" 3D printer. METHODS: We used open source software to create a volume render of the pterygopalatine fossa from axial slices of a head computerised tomography scan...
August 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Alex Fourdrain, Florence De Dominicis, Chloé Blanchard, Jules Iquille, Sophie Lafitte, Pierre-Louis Beuvry, David Michel, Geoni Merlusca, Eric Havet, Pascal Berna
PURPOSE: Anatomic variations of the pulmonary arterial tree can cause technical difficulties during pulmonary lobectomy in general and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Using CT angiography and 3D reconstruction, we sought to identify anatomic variations of the pulmonary arterial tree and assess their respective frequencies. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 88 pulmonary arterial trees in 44 patients having undergone VATS lobectomy for lung cancer over an 18-month period in Amiens University Hospital's Department of Thoracic Surgery...
August 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou, Hassan Bagheri, Yelda Pinar, Figen Govsa
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of anesthetic techniques of thoracic paravertebral block required to redefine anatomical landmarks of the inferior lumbar (Petit) triangle (ILT). Anesthesiologists are mainly interested in the ILT to perform the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. The aim of this study was to provide comprehensive information of the ILT to improve the success of TAP block. METHODS: Descriptional anatomy of ILTs such as dimensions, space, area, and types was analyzed in 25 preserved adult male cadavers...
August 23, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Anna Seidel, Bastian Bergauer, Michael Lell, Thomas Buder, Cornelius von Wilmowsky, Eva Dach, Manfred Wichmann, Ragai-Edward Matta
PURPOSE: Advanced imaging modalities, such as multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), greatly facilitate diagnostic medicine. In radiological research, it is important to know how accurately a scanned object is visualized, and whether the methodology leads to image distortion. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether formalin fixation impacted the accuracy of virtual 3D bone models generated via CBCT and MSCT using a software-based evaluation method that excluded human measurement errors...
August 21, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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