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Journal of Pediatric Nursing

Robert N E Carlsson, Ragnar N Henningsson
PURPOSE: The induction of anesthesia is known to be the most stressful part of the day of surgery for the child. Non-pharmacologic intervention is a field of great interest. The aims of this prospective randomized study were to evaluate if (1). A preoperative visit to the operating theatre would attenuate the anxiety of the child on the day of surgery. (2). A preoperative visit to the operating theatre would attenuate the anxiety of the parent on the day of surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: Children aged 3-12years and their parents were randomly assigned to the intervention group visiting the operating theatre before surgery and the control group, which never visited there...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Julia E Blanchette, Cheryl Switzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Cristine A Roberts, Jennifer Hunter, An-Lin Cheng
PURPOSE: About 80% of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have sleep problems that may disrupt optimal family functioning. We explored the impact of sleep problems on families' resilience. DESIGN AND METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods design was used to discern whether resilience differed between families whose children with ASD have or do not have sleep problems, to seek predictors for family hardiness/resilience, and to determine whether narrative findings support, expand, or conflict quantitative findings...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown, Stefano Tiziani, Ruy Carrasco
PROBLEM: Juvenile Arthritis (JA) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases in children. A variety of sociocultural factors that influence health outcomes in children with JA have been examined in previous research. However, clinical guidelines to guide the care of these children lack support because this research has not been systematically examined and synthesized. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary research articles from five internet databases were included if they were peer-reviewed articles in English of studies conducted in the U...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Dana M Bakula, Christina M Sharkey, Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Alexandria J Mullins, Jonathan Meyer, Larry L Mullins, Amy B Wisniewski
PURPOSE: Provide recommendations for the development of an interdisciplinary care (IDC) clinic for the treatment of youth with disorders/differences of sex development (DSD). DSD consist of a group of complex congenital medical disorders in which the development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Youth with DSD require care from multiple specialized healthcare disciplines, including several medical specialties, surgery, nursing, and mental health. METHOD: Recommendations are based on an interdisciplinary care clinic model that allows for a team of relevant professionals who share knowledge, ideas, and responsibility of care...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Katja Janhunen, Päivi Kankkunen, Tarja Kvist
PURPOSE: To describe the quality of care for children in emergency departments (ED) as perceived by the nursing staff, and to compare the quality of care for children in a pediatric ED and in a general ED and to identify care quality factors that predict nursing staff's satisfaction with pediatric care in an ED. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was performed using the 41-item Children Revised Humane Caring Scale (CRHCS) to collect data (n=147) from acute hospitals' pediatric EDs and general EDs in November 2015...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Rachel McCormick
PROBLEM: An increasing body of research is showing associations between green space and overall health. Children are spending more time indoors while pediatric mental and behavioral health problems are increasing. A systematic review of the literature was done to examine the association between access to green space and the mental well-being of children. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to English language, ages 0-18years, and publish date 2012-2017. RESULTS: Twelve articles relating to green space and the mental well-being of children were reviewed...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Amanda J Hessels, Sharon W Darby, Edwin Simpser, Lisa Saiman, Elaine L Larson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the Nursing-Kids Intensity of Care, a measure of the intensity of nursing care needs, defined as the quantity and type of direct and indirect care activities performed by caregivers in a national sample. DESIGN AND METHODS: A 40-item tool previously tested in a small sample was psychometrically tested on a sample of 116 children with complex medical conditions by 33 nurse raters across 11 pediatric sites. RESULTS: The Nursing-Kids Intensity of Care tool demonstrated components of usability, feasibility, inter-rater, test-retest and internal consistency reliability and construct validity in the national study sample...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Richard Santos, Gabriel Huerta, Menuka Karki, Andrea Cantarero
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the social determinants associated with the overweight or obesity prevalence of 85 elementary schools during the 2010-11 academic year in a predominantly Hispanic school district. METHODS: A binomial logistic regression is used to analyze the aggregate overweight or obesity rate of a school by the percent of Hispanic students in each school, selected school and neighborhood characteristics, and its geographical location. RESULTS: The proportion of Hispanic enrollment more readily explains a school's aggregate overweight or obesity rate than other social determinants or spatial location...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Petronella Stoltz, Renee C B Manworren
PURPOSE: Needle procedures, like venipuncture and intravenous (IV) catheter insertion, are recognized as a common cause of pain and fear for children in hospitals and emergency departments. The purpose of this study was to compare children's self-reported pain and fear related to IV insertion with administration of either the topical local anesthetic EMLA® or 1% buffered lidocaine delivered with the J-Tip Needleless Injection System® (J-Tip®). DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective, randomized trial, 150 consecutive pediatric patients 8 to 18years of age undergoing IV insertion were randomly assigned 1:1 to treatment group...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Jennifer Morone
PROBLEM: Social and physical contexts which make up social determinants of health (SDOH) have tremendous impacts on youth development, health and well-being. Despite knowledge and evidence of these impacts, few pediatric SDOH screening tools are known. The purpose of this review was to identify and evaluate available pediatric SDOH screening tools. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to studies in the English language, with pediatric populations, conducted in the United States, and were peer-reviewed, primary studies...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Nadya Golfenshtein, Janet A Deatrick, Amy J Lisanty, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
BACKGROUND: Mothers of infants with complex congenital heart disease are exposed to increased stress which has been associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. The coping mechanisms these mothers use critically effect the familial illness adaptation and most likely infant outcomes. Currently no data-based strategies have been developed for mothers to facilitate their coping, and proactively promote their adaptation in the critical care settings. A potential strategy is mindfulness which is currently used in other clinical settings with stress-reduction effects...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Eunyoung Hong, Youngmi Kang
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to identify whether there are gender differences in sexual behaviors among Korean adolescents and to explore the factors that influence safe sex practices across both sexes. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using nationally representative data obtained from the 2014 Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Sample consisted of 3,210 adolescents who had experience of sexual intercourse. The dependent variable in this study was practicing safe sex...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Reem A Ali, Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Karimeh M Alnuaimi, Fatmeh A Alzoubi
PURPOSE: To explore factors affecting skipping breakfast rate, and to identify its perceived reasons among preadolescent students and their mothers in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using cluster stratified sampling, preadolescent (10-11years) students (N=1915) and their mothers (N=1299) from 26 public and private schools completed a self-reported questionnaire. Breakfast skipping and its related habits were described. Children's and mothers' perceptions of regular breakfast eating and sociodemographic factors were analyzed in relation to breakfast skipping in children...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Weichao Yuwen, Frances M Lewis, Amy J Walker, Teresa M Ward
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe parents' experiences in caring for 2-5-year-old children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study using single-occasion in-depth interviews was conducted. Nine parents (eight mothers and one father) were interviewed in-person or via telephone. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Methods used to protect the trustworthiness of study results included maintenance of an audit trail, peer debriefing, and member checks...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Judith A Vessey, Rachel L DiFazio, Tania D Strout, Brian D Snyder
PURPOSE: Limited research has been conducted on the non-medical out-of-pocket expenses (NOOPEs) incurred by families of children with chronic health conditions. The study objectives were to: 1) calculate the estimated NOOPEs incurred by families during hospitalization of their child, 2) identify predictors of high NOOPEs, and 3) assess the impact of the child's chronic health condition on the family's finances. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective observational study...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, Funda Kardaş Özdemir
BACKGROUND: There is a need to assess the impact of initiatives to reduce exposure to environmental light and sound in preterm infants undergoing painful interventions in neonatal intensive care units. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to identify the effect of covering the eyes and playing the intrauterine ambient sounds on premature infants' pain and physiological parameters during venipuncture. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Mary Beth Coughlin, Kristen A Sethares
PROBLEM: This integrative review aims to synthesize the findings of studies on chronic sorrow in parents, to analyze the findings along three specific research questions, and to identify areas for future research. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of parents, mothers and/or fathers of non-adult children published in peer-reviewed journals that answered the research questions: 1) How does the experience of chronic sorrow differ between mothers and fathers? 2) What factors have been identified to impact the experience of chronic sorrow over time? 3) What strategies by health care providers for helping parents cope with chronic sorrow have been identified to be most and least helpful? SAMPLE: Nineteen studies from a literature search within the databases of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Psycarticles and SocIndex were included in the review...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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