Read by QxMD icon Read

Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Sandra Bouma
The publication of the landmark paper "Defining Pediatric Malnutrition: A Paradigm Shift Toward Etiology-Related Definitions" launched a new era in diagnosing pediatric malnutrition. This work introduced the paradigm shift of etiology-related definitions-nonillness and illness related-and the use of anthropometric z scores to help identify and describe children with malnutrition (undernutrition) in the developed world. Putting the new definition into practice resulted in some interesting observations: (1) Etiology-related definitions result in etiology-related interventions...
October 20, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Peggi Guenter, Beth Lyman
New enteral connectors are now available based on the development of standards using the International Organization of Standardization process to prevent misconnections between systems that should not connect. Enteral devices with the new patient access connectors, called ENFit, are being now introduced for the purpose of improving patient safety. Transitioning to these new connectors poses benefits and challenges for facilities or agencies implementing these new devices. Information from appropriate resources should be sought by clinicians who need to partner with their suppliers and clinical organizations to see how best to meet these challenges...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Steve Plogsted, Stephen C Adams, Karen Allen, M Petrea Cober, June Greaves, Kris M Mogensen, Amy Ralph, Daniel Robinson, Ceressa Ward, Joe Ybarra, Beverly Holcombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Wednesday Marie A Sevilla, Barbara McElhanon
Enteral nutrition is delivered via the gastrointestinal tract when oral intake is not sufficient to maintain nutrition status. There is evidence that long-term home enteral nutrition (HEN) can be advantageous to pediatric patients by improving quality of life and function. Data from pediatric patients receiving either nasogastric tube or gastrostomy tube feeds indicate good outcomes in terms of maintaining and improving nutrition status as evidenced by anthropometric measurements. As the number of pediatric patients requiring HEN increases, development of an effective program to allow smooth transition to the home is necessary...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Ruba A Abdelhadi, Katina Rahe, Beth Lyman
Enteral nutrition (EN) support has proven to be a nutrition intervention that can provide full or partial calories to promote growth and development in infants and children. To supply these nutrients, an enteral access device is required, and the use of these devices is growing. Placement of the proper device for the patient need, along with appropriate care and monitoring, is required for individualized patient management. When complications arise, early identification and management can prevent more serious morbidity...
October 13, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Laura E Matarese, Pamela Charney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Leeda Tayem, Noureddine Litaiem, Mariem Jones, Faten Zeglaoui
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency is common in developing countries. Its dermatologic manifestations include hair and nail changes and glossitis. Cases of generalized hyperpigmentation associated with vitamin B12 deficiency have rarely been reported. Localized hyperpigmentation is less frequently described, affecting palms, soles, and flexural areas. We report a rare case of reversible melasma-like cutaneous hyperpigmentation associated with pernicious anemia and discuss the possible mechanisms of this association...
October 4, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Arlene A Escuro, A Christine Hummell
Over the past few decades, the number of enteral formulas for use in hospitalized, critically ill, and home enteral patients has dramatically increased. Several enteral nutrition (EN) formula categories exist, which makes it challenging for clinicians to sort through the product claims and find the appropriate formula for the patient. Many formulas are available within each category, some of which may be significantly different from one another. Numerous systematic reviews of existing research and clinical practice guidelines evaluate the use of specialty formulas...
September 30, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Robert K Huston, Carl F Heisel, Benjamin R Vermillion, J Mark Christensen, Leah Minc
INTRODUCTION: Calcium chloride (CaCl2) has been the only calcium additive available in the United States that has a low aluminum (Al) content. Calcium gluconate in glass vials (CaGluc-Gl) has a high Al content while calcium gluconate in plastic vials (CaGluc-Pl) has a low Al content. The purpose of this study was to measure Al concentrations in neonatal parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions prepared using various calcium additives. METHODS: Samples of solutions compounded with CaCl2 or CaGluc-Gl and sodium phosphate (NaPhos) as well as CaGluc-Pl and sodium glycerophosphate (NaGP) with and without cysteine were analyzed for Al content...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
John L Fitzstevens, Kelsey C Smith, James I Hagadorn, Melissa J Caimano, Adam P Matson, Elizabeth A Brownell
Human milk-associated microbes are among the first to colonize the infant gut and may help to shape both short- and long-term infant health outcomes. We performed a systematic review to characterize the microbiota of human milk. Relevant primary studies were identified through a comprehensive search of PubMed (January 1, 1964, to June 31, 2015). Included studies were conducted among healthy mothers, were written in English, identified bacteria in human milk, used culture-independent methods, and reported primary results at the genus level...
September 27, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Matthew L Bechtold, Fazia A Mir, Christine Boumitri, Lena B Palmer, David C Evans, Laszlo N Kiraly, Douglas L Nguyen
Long-term nutrition support requires long-term enteral access. To ensure the success of long-term enteral access, many factors need to be taken into consideration. This article represents a guide to placing and maintaining access in patients requiring long-term nutrition and addresses many of the common questions regarding long-term enteral access, such as indications, types of access, feeding after access placed, and recognition and treatment of potential complications. This guide will help the clinician establish and maintain access to maximize nutrition in patients requiring long-term nutrition...
September 22, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Elizabeth Bobo
A blenderized tube feeding (BTF) is a mixture of food and liquid that is pureed and administered through a feeding tube. This method of providing nourishment has been used for millenniums. In fact, it could be viewed as the original form of nutrition support. However, over time, the role of BTF has changed. Initially, it was the only method of nourishing a patient who could not sustain himself or herself on oral feeds. With the development of commercial formulas in the mid-20th century, the usage of this feeding modality declined drastically due to the nutrition precision, ease, and sterility of commercial formulas...
September 19, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Kelly Green Corkins, Teresa Shurley
Infant formulas are designed to be a substitute for breast milk. Since they are sole source of nutrition for growing and developing infants, they are highly regulated by the government. All ingredients in infant formulas must be considered "generally recognized as safe." Manufacturers are continually modifying their products to make them more like breast milk. Functional ingredients added to infant formula include long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, nucleotides, prebiotics, and probiotics. The most common breast milk substitutes are standard cow's milk-based term infant formulas, which include subcategories of organic and breast milk supplementation, and come in standard dilutions of 19 or 20 calories per ounce...
September 19, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Gardner Yost, Geetha Bhat
BACKGROUND: Advanced heart failure is associated with a wide range of physiological derangements, including muscular deterioration, weight loss, and cardiac cachexia. These conditions, as well as poor nutrition status, have been shown to affect the quality of outcomes in patients who undergo left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Noting that handgrip strength has been shown to be an effective indicator of poor functional status, muscular strength, and nutrition, we investigated its use as a tool for prediction of length of stay (LOS) in patients undergoing LVAD implantation...
September 6, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Mustafa Kemal Kilic, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Gunes Arik, Basak Bolayir, Ozgur Kara, Hacer Dogan Varan, Fatih Sumer, Mehmet Emin Kuyumcu, Meltem Halil, Zekeriya Ulger
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is an important problem for older adults, leading to morbidity and mortality; therefore, early detection with a precise method is essential. We aimed to investigate the role of bioelectrical impedance analysis-derived phase angle as a determinant of sarcopenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross section of 263 community-dwelling and hospitalized older adults (>65 years) were assessed in terms of sarcopenia with bioelectrical indices and anthropometric measurements...
September 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Shengxian Fan, Xiaodong Ni, Jian Wang, Yongliang Zhang, Shen Tao, Wencheng Kong, Yousheng Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have noticed the high incidence of suboptimal vitamin D (VtD) status and bone loss in short bowel syndrome (SBS) with parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence. However, limited data have focused on adult SBS without PN dependence. Therefore, our objective was to investigate the incidence and risk factors of suboptimal VtD status and bone loss in adult SBS even after weaning off PN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 60 adult patients with SBS...
September 1, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Lisa Musillo, Laryssa Marie Grguric-Smith, Edward Coffield, Karen Totino, Jody C DiGiacomo
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition therapy is essential to the care of critically ill patients. Information that is used to calculate the differences between patients' nutrition prescription and actual provision may be flawed due to errors in manually recording the amount of enteral nutrition (EN) provided. This study's purpose was to evaluate the accuracy of the EN volume delivered as recorded in the electronic medical record (EMR) relative to the EN volume retrieved from the EN pump. METHODS: This prospective, blinded, observational study occurred from June 2014 to April 2015 with a total of 218 patients...
September 1, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Hassan S Dashti, Kris M Mogensen
Small, frequent meals (SFMs) are a dietary regimen characterized by multiple small eating episodes throughout the day. Clinical nutrition guidelines recommend SFMs (eg, 6-10 meals) to patients experiencing common symptoms (eg, early satiety) and gastrointestinal-related symptoms. However, whether the provision of SFMs palliatively improves morbidity of nutritionally at-risk individuals has yet to be elucidated. This narrative review summarizes current clinical guidelines recommending SFMs for the management of diseases in adult patients (≥18 years), with supporting experimental and epidemiologic evidence, and it provides suggestions pertaining to this recommendation by drawing on potential considerations from investigations in healthy adults...
September 1, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Lisa Epp, Lisa Lammert, Nishanth Vallumsetla, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
BACKGROUND: Long-term use of enteral nutrition (EN) continues to increase due to significant noted benefits. Patients also continue to express significant desire to pursue holistic and organic diets. Despite this, many nutrition providers are not well versed in assisting patients with blenderized tube feeding (BTF), and prevalence of its use is unknown. METHODS: A validated survey was administered to Oley Foundation members or individuals with access to the Oley website to assess the prevalence of BTF...
September 1, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"