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Nutrition in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464781/physicochemical-stability-and-sterility-of-standard-parenteral-nutrition-solutions-and-simulated-y-site-admixtures-for-neonates
#1
Pau Riera, Gemma Garrido-Alejos, Joana Cardenete, Elisenda Moliner, Edgar Zapico-Muñiz, Daniel Cardona, Noe Garin
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is frequently needed in neonatal intensive care. The use of standard PN has emerged as an easy-to-prescribe approach that allows one to have on-site, ready-to-use PN. The aim of this study was to test the physicochemical stability and sterility of 2 specific PN solutions as well as simulate Y-site compatibility with lipid injectable emulsions (ILE). METHODS: Our study considered 2 standard ILE-free PN solutions according to neonatal weight...
February 21, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451716/improving-growth-for-infants-%C3%A2-1250-grams-receiving-an-exclusive-human-milk-diet
#2
Robert K Huston, Andrea M Markell, Elizabeth A McCulley, Stuart K Gardiner, Sean L Sweeney
BACKGROUND: An exclusive human milk diet (EHM) fortified with human milk-based fortifier decreases necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) compared to maternal milk supplemented with preterm formula and bovine fortifier (PTF). Growth has been less with EHM and also maternal milk supplemented with donor human milk and bovine fortifier (HMBF). The objective was to evaluate the effect of a standardized feeding protocol on the growth of infants ≤1250 g birth weight supported with EHM and HMBF. The effect on the incidence of NEC was also evaluated...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446858/enteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-an-underutilized-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Ala K Shaikhkhalil, Wallace Crandall
Enteral nutrition (EN) for the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) involves administration of a liquid nutrition product, administered orally or through tube feeding, while excluding typical dietary components. It is a safe and effective, but largely underused, therapy in the United States as a treatment for CD. EN is a particularly attractive option for pediatric CD as it avoids side effects of corticosteroids, improves growth, and may have a higher likelihood of achieving mucosal healing than some traditional medications...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446855/associations-between-enteral-nutrition-and-acute-respiratory-infection-among-patients-in-new-york-metropolitan-region-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities
#4
Marissa Burgermaster, Meghan Murray, Lisa Saiman, David S Seres, Elaine L Larson
BACKGROUND: Pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTCF) serve a complicated and resource-intensive patient population with high usage of nutrition support. However, the relationship between nutrition support and outcomes among pLTCF residents is not well understood. We described this relationship in three metropolitan New York pLTCF and a subsample of infants from one of these facilities with a feeding disorders unit. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used logistic regression to assess relationships between enteral nutrition (EN), and acute respiratory infections (ARI) among residents (n = 720, 50% male, mean age = 5...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436744/long-term-use-of-mixed-oil-lipid-emulsion-in-adult-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients-a-case-series
#5
Manpreet S Mundi, Megan T McMahon, Jennifer J Carnell, Ryan T Hurt
BACKGROUND: Despite providing significant benefits, home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can be associated with complications such as infections, intestinal failure-associated liver disease, and metabolic abnormalities. Soybean oil (SO)-based intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been noted to contribute to some of these complications, leading to the development of alternative sources of ILE. Mixed-oil (MO) ILE has recently been approved for use in adults with short-term studies revealing a benefit over SO ILE...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436734/risk-of-malnutrition-evaluated-by-mini-nutritional-assessment-and-sarcopenia-in-noninstitutionalized-elderly-people
#6
Ilaria Liguori, Francesco Curcio, Gennaro Russo, Michele Cellurale, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition indices and muscle mass and strength in the elderly are poorly investigated. Moreover, malnutrition seems to be 1 of the more important factors in the cause of sarcopenia. The presence of sarcopenia and its relationship with malnutrition indices were studied in noninstitutionalized elderly people who underwent Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA). METHODS: A total of 473 elderly subjects (mean age, 80.9 ± 6.6 years) admitted to CGA were studied...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427560/enteral-nutrition-options-for-short-term-access
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth Pash
The preferred method of nutrition support in the presence of a functional gastrointestinal tract is enteral nutrition (EN). Many factors contribute to the selection process for the type of enteral access device to be used. Short-term enteral access tubes are placed into the nares or, sometimes, orally, usually at bedside. The short-term access provides a means to meet patient nutrient needs and can provide a chance to assess tolerance of the tube feedings if more permanent long-term placement is determined to be required...
February 10, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397040/phase-angle-as-a-sarcopenia-marker-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#8
Natalia de Moraes Santana, Claudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Cristiane Pereira da Silva, Natalia Fernandes Dos Santos, Roberta Maria Lins Mendes
BACKGROUND: Phase angle (PhA) has been proposed as a parameter to predict clinical outcomes and mortality for various diseases. Several studies have considered it an important nutrition assessment tool. However, the usefulness of this parameter as a sarcopenia marker has not yet been evaluated. This study was developed to evaluate the performance of PhA as a sarcopenia marker in hospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving elderly patients admitted to a hospital in northeastern Brazil...
February 3, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397039/nutrition-status-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-inpatients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#9
Tássia Kirchmann Lazzari, Gabriele Carra Forte, Denise Rossato Silva
BACKGROUND: The association between tuberculosis (TB) and malnutrition is well recognized. Considering the risk of mortality due to malnutrition in patients with TB, it is necessary to conduct a thorough nutrition assessment to identify individuals at nutrition risk. The study objective was to assess the nutrition status of hospitalized patients with TB, co-infected or not by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Patients with confirmed diagnosis of TB were included using a cross-sectional design...
February 3, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397032/impact-of-gastrostomy-feeding-tube-placement-on-the-1-year-trajectory-of-care-in-patients-after-stroke
#10
Janina Wilmskoetter, Annie N Simpson, Sarah L Logan, Kit N Simpson, Heather S Bonilha
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding tubes are commonly placed in acute stroke patients with a need for enteral nutrition. However, PEG tubes are associated with medical complications and a decrease in quality of life. We compared the 1-year care trajectory of stroke patients with and without PEG tube placement to enhance knowledge about the long-term impact of PEG tube placement. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of commercially insured stroke patients included in the Truven Health MarketScan Research Databases of 2011...
February 3, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393551/comparison-of-resting-energy-expenditure-assessment-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#11
Karen Ringwald-Smith, Ashley Hobar, Casey Flowers, Katie Badgett, Ruth Williams-Hooker, Robin R Roach, April Sykes, Zhaohua Lu, Paul Mackert, Belinda N Mandrell
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of energy requirements is an important part of the nutrition assessment of pediatric oncology patients. Adequate provision of energy in this population is of extreme importance because of the prevalence of malnutrition and its effect on growth, development, quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. Numerous methods are used in clinical practice for estimating the resting energy expenditures (REE), specifically indirect calorimetry and predictive equations. A relatively new instrument used to assess REE is the hand-held indirect calorimeter...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377333/permissive-or-trophic-enteral-nutrition-and-full-enteral-nutrition-had-similar-effects-on-clinical-outcomes-in-intensive-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Camila F A Silva, Simone G de Vasconcelos, Thales A da Silva, Flávia M Silva
The aim of this study was to systematically review the effect of permissive underfeeding/trophic feeding on the clinical outcomes of critically ill patients. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials to evaluate the mortality, length of stay, and mechanical ventilation duration in patients randomized to either hypocaloric or full-energy enteral nutrition was performed. Data sources included PubMed and Scopus and the reference lists of the articles retrieved. Two independent reviewers participated in all phases of this systematic review as proposed by the Cochrane Handbook, and the review was reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 26, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377324/differences-in-prevalence-of-muscle-weakness-sarcopenia-in-haemodialysis-patients-determined-by-hand-grip-strength-due-to-variation-in-guideline-definitions-of-sarcopenia
#13
Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Rachel Hung, Omid Sadeghi-Alavijeh, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness is associated with increased mortality, and hemodialysis (HD) patients are at an increased risk for muscle loss. There is no agreed definition for muscle weakness, so we determined whether using different cut-off criteria recommended by guideline groups altered the prevalence in HD patients. METHODS: We measured hand grip strength (HGS) in HD outpatients, comparing HGS with clinical guideline cut-offs (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People [EWGSOP] and North American Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project [FNIH]) used to define muscle wasting (sarcopenia) with age-matched and gender-matched normative data...
January 26, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323429/editor-s-note
#14
EDITORIAL
Jeanette M Hasse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323428/enteral-nutrition-in-the-management-of-crohn-s-disease-reviewing-mechanisms-of-actions-and-highlighting-potential-venues-for-enhancing-the-efficacy
#15
REVIEW
Moftah H Alhagamhmad
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic condition that affects the gut and has adverse effects on growth and development. There is a global increase in the incidence and prevalence rates, and several factors are believed to contribute to this rise, including dietary habits. In contrast, the use of enteral nutrition (EN) as an exclusive source of nutrition is increasingly becoming the preferred induction treatment of pediatric CD patients in part to address the nutrition complications. However, EN therapy is considered less effective in adults with CD...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323425/evaluating-mid-upper-arm-circumference-z-score-as-a-determinant-of-nutrition-status
#16
Karen Stephens, April Escobar, Erika Nicole Jennison, Lindsey Vaughn, Rhonda Sullivan, Susan Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) z-score, has recently been listed as an independent indicator for pediatric malnutrition. This investigation examined the relationship between MUAC z-score and the z-scores for conventional indicators (ie, weight-for-length and body mass index) to expand the available evidence for nutrition classification z-score threshold ranges in U.S. practice settings. METHODS: This was a single-center study of children through 18 years of age seen between October 2015 and September 2016...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323421/head-and-neck-cancer-tumor-seeding-at-the-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-site
#17
REVIEW
June R Greaves
The National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute estimates that over 13,000 new cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) will be diagnosed in 2017. Patients with HNC often require enteral nutrition (EN) via gastrostomy tube to provide nutrition support and hydration because of tumor obstruction of the oropharynx and/or cumulative effects of chemoradiation therapy. The percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube has become the preferred technique for EN access because placement is considered a minimally invasive procedure...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365364/determining-efficacy-safety-and-preparation-of-standardized-parenteral-nutrition
#18
LETTER
Chelsea K Krueger, Todd W Canada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365362/graduation-day-healthcare-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult
#19
REVIEW
Kelly Green Corkins, Michelle A Miller, John R Whitworth, Carol McGinnis
Because more patients with pediatric-onset chronic conditions are surviving into adulthood, they are graduating from pediatric healthcare to self-management and adult healthcare. This transfer of care needs to be a process of transitioning medical and nutrition care. Despite having position statements from professional organizations and several proposed models, issues in the transition process have been well described, and gaps in transition care persist. Healthcare providers need to be aware of special needs of emerging adults related to education on chronic condition and self-management skills, emotional support before and after transition, and legal rights for both the patient and the parent if the emerging adult is not developmentally appropriate to make his or her own healthcare decisions...
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365361/enteral-access-devices-types-function-care-and-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Linda M Lord
Enteral access feeding devices are placed in patients who have a functional and accessible gastrointestinal (GI) tract but are not able to consume or absorb enough nutrients to sustain adequate nutrition and hydration. For many individuals, enteral nutrition support is a lifesaving modality to prevent or treat a depleted nutrient state that can lead to tissue breakdown, compromised immune function, and poor wound healing. Psychological well-being is also affected with malnutrition and dehydration, triggering feelings of apathy, depression, fatigue, and loss of morale, negatively impacting a patient's ability for self-care...
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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