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Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645235/external-validity-of-the-new-york-university-caregiver-intervention-key-caregiver-outcomes-across-multiple-demonstration-projects
#1
Elizabeth B Fauth, Mark A Jackson, Donna K Walberg, Nancy E Lee, Leisa R Easom, Gayle Alston, Angel Ramos, Kristen Felten, Asenath LaRue, Mary Mittelman
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The Administration on Aging funded six New York University Caregiver Intervention (NYUCI) demonstration projects, a counseling/support intervention targeting dementia caregivers and families. Three sites (Georgia, Utah, Wisconsin) pooled data to inform external validity in nonresearch settings. This study (a) assesses collective changes over time, and (b) compares outcomes across sites on caregiver burden, depressive symptoms, satisfaction with social support, family conflict, and quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645225/medication-regimen-complexity-and-low-adherence-in-older-community-dwelling-adults-with-substantiated-self-neglect
#2
Sharon Abada, Leslie E Clark, Arup K Sinha, Rui Xia, Kathleen Pace-Murphy, Renee J Flores, Jason Burnett
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether medication regimen complexity predicts medication adherence levels in a sample of community-dwelling adults 65 years and older with Adult Protective Services-substantiated self-neglect. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data ( N = 31 participants) from a pilot intervention to increase medication adherence among the target group was performed. The Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) and the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8)™ were the primary independent and dependent measures, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643549/examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-geriatric-fear-of-falling-measure-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#3
Tuo-Yu Chen, Jerri D Edwards, Megan Janke
This current study investigated the construct validity and reliability of the Geriatric Fear of Falling Measure (GFFM) among community-dwelling older adults in the United States. Eighty-eight participants were assessed on the GFFM together with demographics, falls, and fear of falling and falls-efficacy measures at baseline and an 8-week follow-up visit. Cronbach's alpha, regression analyses, and correlation analyses were used to examine the psychometric properties of the GFFM. The results showed that the GFFM demonstrated good construct validity and reliability among community-dwelling older adults in the United States...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587587/book-review-complementary-and-integrative-therapies-for-mental-health-and-aging-lavretsky-h-sajatovic-m-reynolds-c-iii-eds-2016-complementary-and-integrative-therapies-for-mental-health-and-aging-new-york-ny-oxford-university-press-571-pp-125-isbn-978-0199380862
#4
Nora Rye, Tess Schleitwiler, Keith A Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573936/exploring-variation-in-certified-nursing-assistant-assignments-from-the-perspective-of-nursing-home-residents-a-comparison-of-adopters-and-nonadopters-of-consistent-assignment
#5
Tonya J Roberts, Kimberly Nolet, Barbara Bowers
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare certified nursing assistant (CNA) staffing between adopter and nonadopters of consistent assignment. DATA SOURCES: One month of preexisting CNA assignment and scheduling sheets from a purposive sample of 30 homes. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive comparative study was conducted to calculate and compare numbers of CNAs assigned per resident across homes. DATA EXTRACTION: Resident names and CNA assignments were abstracted from assignment records and entered into the Advancing Excellence consistent assignment tool to calculate numbers of CNAs assigned per resident...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554264/health-variables-are-informative-in-screening-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-elderly-african-americans
#6
Siny Tsang, Scott A Sperling, Moon-Ho Park, Ira M Helenius, Ishan C Williams, Carol Manning
To aid primary care providers in identifying people at increased risk for cognitive decline, we explored the relative importance of health and demographic variables in detecting potential cognitive impairment using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Participants were 94 older African Americans coming to see their primary care physicians for reasons other than cognitive complaints. Education was strongly associated with cognitive functioning. Among those with at least 9 years of education, patients with more vascular risk factors were at greater risk for mild cognitive impairment...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554239/video-communication-with-cognitively-intact-nursing-home-residents-a-scoping-review
#7
Amy M Schuster, Elizabeth G Hunter
Limited research exists examining video communication among cognitively intact nursing home residents to connect with family. This scoping review evaluated existing literature for video communication usage with nursing home residents, family, and nursing homes. A comprehensive search was completed using PubMed and EBSCOhost (including AgeLine, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) between 1972 and 2016 to locate English-language articles. The analysis identified five eligible studies (four involved an intervention, one assessed family views) meeting inclusion criteria...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506145/areas-of-control-desired-by-patients-and-families-referred-to-hospice-care-perspectives-of-hospice-admissions-staff
#8
Hyunjin Noh
Sense of control in end-of-life (EOL) care plays a critical role in the patient's well-being. However, little is known about the areas of control essential to patients and families at a specific time point in the illness trajectory: when patients stop curative treatments and are referred to hospice. This study qualitatively explored such areas. Sixteen admissions staff members from four hospice agencies were interviewed about their perceptions of areas in which patients and families worried about losing control by accepting hospice...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506093/the-virtual-short-physical-performance-battery-psychometric-properties-and-validation-in-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Rachel E Bollaert, Anthony P Marsh, Gary R Cutter, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) who undergo declines in physical function that require attention of clinicians and researchers. Objective and perceived measures of disablement feasible for clinical and residential settings, such as the Short Physical Performance Battery and its virtual counterpart (vSPPB), are critical for defining the degree of disablement. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the psychometric properties and validity of the vSPPB as a measure of perceived lower extremity physical function in older adults with MS (age ≥60 years)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460561/assisting-frail-seniors-with-toileting-in-a-home-bathroom-approaches-used-by-home-care-providers
#10
Emily C King, Veronique M Boscart, Brett M Weiss, Tilak Dutta, Jack P Callaghan, Geoff R Fernie
Home care providers experience high occupational injury rates. Improving safety is becoming increasingly urgent as this sector expands to support the aging population. Caregivers identify assisting with toileting as a particularly frequent and difficult activity. This mixed-methods observational study identified and analyzed the toileting subactivities that place care providers at the greatest risk of musculoskeletal injury. Eight personal support workers (home care aides) assisted a frail older adult (actor) in a simulated home bathroom...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460557/an-online-program-for-caregivers-of-persons-living-with-dementia-lessons-learned
#11
Mariya Kovaleva, Lindsey Blevins, Patricia C Griffiths, Kenneth Hepburn
The population of individuals living with dementia and their caregivers and the need to provide caregiver training will increase in the next several decades. In-person caregiver educational programs are delimited by logistical and resource boundaries that could be overcome with online programs. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore the acceptability and ways to improve the content and delivery of an online 7-week psychoeducational pilot program-Tele-Savvy. Thirty-six caregivers who completed the pilot were interviewed about their experience with Tele-Savvy and their suggestions for its improvement...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452250/implementation-of-a-complex-intervention-to-support-leadership-development-in-nursing-homes-a-multimethod-participatory-study
#12
Belinda Dewar, Karen Barrie, Cathy Sharp, Julienne Meyer
Leadership is key to quality improvement in nursing homes. This article reports on the initial analysis of the transformational My Home Life Leadership Support program for nursing home managers being implemented in Scotland. It analyses learning from a multimethod participatory descriptive study. Contribution analysis theory informed the evaluation. Evidence-Based Practice, Relationship-Centered Care, Appreciative Inquiry, and Caring Conversations informed the intervention to develop transformational leadership...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452242/the-homecare-aide-workforce-initiative-implementation-and-outcomes
#13
Penny H Feldman, Miriam Ryvicker, Lauren M Evans, Yolanda Barrón
Improved training and support are thought to improve retention among direct care workers. However, few studies have examined actual retention. This study examined satisfaction and retention among home health aides enrolled in the "Homecare Aide Workforce Initiative" (HAWI) at three New York agencies. Data included surveys of HAWI trainees and new hires and payroll data for HAWI graduates and others. Three months after hire, 91% of HAWI hires reported they were "very satisfied" or "satisfied" with the job; 57% reported they were "not at all likely" to leave their job in the coming year...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438063/measuring-the-needs-of-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-an-assessment-of-current-methodological-strategies-and-key-recommendations
#14
Lauren R Bangerter, Joan M Griffin, Steven H Zarit, Rachel Havyer
While dementia caregivers are regarded as a population with high unmet needs, there is little consensus as to how caregivers' needs should be conceptualized and measured. This article describes how dementia caregivers' needs are currently assessed in the scientific literature with the goal of suggesting guidelines for the enhancement of future measurement of caregiver needs. A review of 26 articles identified overarching themes within measurement approaches including variation in methodological rigor, proxy indicators of need, dual needs assessment of caregiver and person with dementia (PWD), and third-party needs assessment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398129/using-tai-chi-to-reduce-fall-risk-factors-among-older-adults-an-evaluation-of-a-community-based-implementation
#15
Mary P Gallant, Meaghan Tartaglia, Susan Hardman, Kara Burke
This study aimed to evaluate a community-based implementation of an evidence-based fall prevention program, in which 131 individuals participated in Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance. Self-report and functional performance assessments included demographics, health and fall history, the Activities-Specific Balance Scale, the Timed Up and Go test, and the Functional Reach test. Pre-post scores were compared with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The mostly female participants were 73 years old, on average. At baseline, 18% reported being afraid or very afraid of falling, and 18% had fallen in the past 6 months...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385112/influence-of-religion-on-later-burden-and-health-of-new-black-and-white-caregivers
#16
Carla R A Fider, Jerry W Lee, Peter C Gleason, Patricia Jones
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between positive aspects of religiosity and reduced stress in caregivers, and negative aspects of religiosity and increased caregiver burden. METHOD: Using data from the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study, we performed multiple linear regression analysis on 584 caregivers. RESULTS: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378629/primary-specialty-and-coordinated-care
#17
Joseph E Gaugler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380728/underlying-motivations-of-volunteering-across-life-stages
#18
Takashi Yamashita, Jennifer R Keene, Chi-Jung Lu, Dawn C Carr
Volunteering is beneficial not only for individuals' well-being but also for society's well-being; yet only a fraction of U.S. citizens regularly engage in volunteer activities. This study examined how underlying motivations are associated with interest in volunteering for individuals in three major life phases: early, middle, and later adulthood. Data were collected from 1,046 adults who volunteered through nonprofit organizations in Nevada (USA). Exploratory factor analysis revealed that community service, career advancement, and well-being were common underlying motivations for individuals across life stages...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380727/health-related-behavior-mediates-the-association-between-personality-and-memory-performance-in-older-adults
#19
Mark S Allen, Sylvain Laborde, Emma E Walter
This prospective study explored the potential mediating role of health-related behavior (alcohol involvement, diet, television viewing, and physical activity) in the association between personality and change in memory performance over 2 years. A nationally representative sample of 8,376 U.K. participants aged 55 years and older (4,572 women, 3,804 men) completed self-report measures of personality and health-related behavior in 2010, and completed a memory performance task in 2010 and 2012. After removing variance associated with potential confounding variables, neuroticism and agreeableness had negative associations, and openness and conscientiousness positive associations with change in memory performance...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380726/translation-and-implementation
#20
Joseph E Gaugler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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