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Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438063/measuring-the-needs-of-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-an-assessment-of-current-methodological-strategies-and-key-recommendations
#1
Lauren R Bangerter, Joan M Griffin, Steven H Zarit, Rachel Havyer
While dementia caregivers are regarded as a population with high unmet needs, there is little consensus as to how caregivers' needs should be conceptualized and measured. This article describes how dementia caregivers' needs are currently assessed in the scientific literature with the goal of suggesting guidelines for the enhancement of future measurement of caregiver needs. A review of 26 articles identified overarching themes within measurement approaches including variation in methodological rigor, proxy indicators of need, dual needs assessment of caregiver and person with dementia (PWD), and third-party needs assessment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398129/using-tai-chi-to-reduce-fall-risk-factors-among-older-adults-an-evaluation-of-a-community-based-implementation
#2
Mary P Gallant, Meaghan Tartaglia, Susan Hardman, Kara Burke
This study aimed to evaluate a community-based implementation of an evidence-based fall prevention program, in which 131 individuals participated in Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance. Self-report and functional performance assessments included demographics, health and fall history, the Activities-Specific Balance Scale, the Timed Up and Go test, and the Functional Reach test. Pre-post scores were compared with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The mostly female participants were 73 years old, on average. At baseline, 18% reported being afraid or very afraid of falling, and 18% had fallen in the past 6 months...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385112/influence-of-religion-on-later-burden-and-health-of-new-black-and-white-caregivers
#3
Carla R A Fider, Jerry W Lee, Peter C Gleason, Patricia Jones
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between positive aspects of religiosity and reduced stress in caregivers, and negative aspects of religiosity and increased caregiver burden. METHOD: Using data from the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study, we performed multiple linear regression analysis on 584 caregivers. RESULTS: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380728/underlying-motivations-of-volunteering-across-life-stages
#4
Takashi Yamashita, Jennifer R Keene, Chi-Jung Lu, Dawn C Carr
Volunteering is beneficial not only for individuals' well-being but also for society's well-being; yet only a fraction of U.S. citizens regularly engage in volunteer activities. This study examined how underlying motivations are associated with interest in volunteering for individuals in three major life phases: early, middle, and later adulthood. Data were collected from 1,046 adults who volunteered through nonprofit organizations in Nevada (USA). Exploratory factor analysis revealed that community service, career advancement, and well-being were common underlying motivations for individuals across life stages...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380727/health-related-behavior-mediates-the-association-between-personality-and-memory-performance-in-older-adults
#5
Mark S Allen, Sylvain Laborde, Emma E Walter
This prospective study explored the potential mediating role of health-related behavior (alcohol involvement, diet, television viewing, and physical activity) in the association between personality and change in memory performance over 2 years. A nationally representative sample of 8,376 U.K. participants aged 55 years and older (4,572 women, 3,804 men) completed self-report measures of personality and health-related behavior in 2010, and completed a memory performance task in 2010 and 2012. After removing variance associated with potential confounding variables, neuroticism and agreeableness had negative associations, and openness and conscientiousness positive associations with change in memory performance...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380726/translation-and-implementation
#6
Joseph E Gaugler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380725/exercise-and-quality-of-life-in-dementia
#7
Akin Ojagbemi, Nnenna Akin-Ojagbemi
This study appraises evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in improving quality of life (QoL) in persons with dementia (PwDs). The Cochrane, Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases were searched for peer-reviewed clinical trials of exercise in PwD. Additional searches of the PubMed for ahead-of-print citations and reference lists of articles were undertaken. Studies not including QoL as an outcome were excluded. Thirteen studies comprising 903 PwDs were identified...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380724/psychological-distress-and-the-use-of-clinical-preventive-services-by-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
Szu-Hsuan Lin, Omolola E Adepoju, Bita A Kash, Bethany DeSalvo, Darcy K McMaughan
In this study, we explored whether psychological distress plays a role in the use of recommended clinical preventive services among community-dwelling older adults. The sample is drawn from respondents 65 years and older who participated in the 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Logistic regressions with selected covariates were entered in the model to estimate odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for the independent effect of psychological distress on the utilization of each of five preventive services...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380723/social-workers-attempts-to-navigate-among-the-elderly-their-families-and-foreign-home-care-workers-in-the-haredi-community
#9
Anat Freund, Tova Band-Winterstein
BACKGROUND: The study's aim is to examine social workers' experience in facilitating the integration of foreign home care workers (FHCWs) into the ultraorthodox Jewish (UOJ) community for the purpose of treating older adults. METHOD: Using the qualitative-phenomenological approach, semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 social workers in daily contact with UOJ older adult clients in the process of integrating FHCWs. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed three central themes-integrating FHCWs into the aging UOJ family: barriers and challenges in the interaction between the two worlds; "even the rabbi has a FHCW": changing trends in caring for older adults; and the social worker as mediator and facilitator of a successful relationship...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380722/effects-of-a-savoring-intervention-on-resilience-and-well-being-of-older-adults
#10
Jennifer L Smith, Agnieszka A Hanni
Savoring is the ability to be mindful of positive experiences and to be aware of and regulate positive feelings about these experiences. Previous research has found that savoring interventions can be effective at improving well-being of younger adults, but findings have not been extended to older populations. This pilot study examined the effects of a 1-week savoring intervention on older adults' psychological resilience and well-being (i.e., depressive symptoms and happiness). Participants, 111 adults ages 60 or over, completed measures of resilience, depressive symptoms, and happiness pre- and postintervention as well as 1 month and 3 months after the intervention...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380721/planning-ahead
#11
Lusine Nahapetyan, Pamela Orpinas, Anne Glass, Xiao Song
Hospice is underutilized in the United States, and many patients enroll for short periods of times. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to identify significant predictors of intentions to use hospice in community-dwelling older adults. The Theory of Planned Behavior informed the selection of predictors. Data were collected from 146 White older adults ( M age = 69.5; 69% females). Multiple linear regression analyses showed that higher hospice knowledge, normative beliefs that support hospice utilization, higher perceived control to use hospice, and preferences for end-of-life care that favor comfort and quality of life over living as long as possible were significant predictors of intentions to use hospice...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380720/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-pleasant-events-schedule-alzheimer-s-disease-short-version
#12
Amber B Amspoker, Gayle Hersch, A Lynn Snow, Nancy Wilson, Robert O Morgan, Shubhada Sansgiry, Mark E Kunik
Alzheimer's disease and other dementias are often associated with a gradual loss of the ability to participate in rewarding activities. Caregivers may struggle with spending quality time with the person with dementia (PWD) when the demands of caregiving dominate. However, the importance of activity participation among PWDs is internationally recognized. The Pleasant Events Schedule-Alzheimer's Disease (PES-AD) Short Form measures frequency of engagement in pleasant events. It has been used to assess overall frequency of engagement in 20 activities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380719/organizational-characteristics-associated-with-the-predicted-sustainability-of-villages
#13
Andrew E Scharlach, Amanda J Lehning, Joan K Davitt, Emily A Greenfield, Carrie L Graham
Guided by resource dependence theory, this mixed-methods study examined organizational characteristics contributing to the perceived sustainability of Villages, a rapidly proliferating grassroots approach for promoting social participation and service access for community-dwelling older adults. Surveys conducted with leaders of 86% of Villages in the United States in 2012 found that higher predicted confidence in their Village's 10-year survival was associated with greater financial reserves, human resources, number of Village members, formal policies and procedures, and formal collaboration agreements...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378629/primary-specialty-and-coordinated-care
#14
Joseph E Gaugler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378626/intergenerational-scholarship
#15
Joseph E Gaugler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26452627/the-utility-of-the-family-empowerment-scale-with-custodial-grandmothers
#16
Bert Hayslip, Gregory C Smith, Julian Montoro-Rodriguez, Frederick H Streider, William Merchant
The Family Empowerment Scale (FES) was developed specifically to assess empowerment in families with emotional disorders. Its relevance to custodial grandfamilies is reflected in the difficulties in grandchildren's social, emotional, and behavioral functioning, wherein such difficulties may be explained via either reactions to changes in their family structure or in their responses to the newly formed family unit. Utilizing 27 items derived from the 34-item version of the FES, which had represented differential levels of empowerment (family, service system, community) as indexed by one's attitudes, knowledge, and behavior, we explored the factor structure, internal consistency, construct, and convergent validity of the FES with grandparent caregivers...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25883044/association-of-filial-responsibility-ethnicity-and-acculturation-among-japanese-american-family-caregivers-of-older-adults
#17
Christina E Miyawaki
Challenges of filial caregiving practices by 1st-generation immigrants due to differences in caregiving values between their home and host countries are well documented. This study explored the filial responsibility of later generation Japanese American caregivers of older adults. Acculturation and filial responsibility were measured using the Suinn-Lew Asian Self Identity Acculturation scale and Filial Values Index, respectively. A qualitative interview guide was developed using Gordon's assimilation theory, and 21 caregivers ( M age = 68 years, 86% female, seven in each generation) were interviewed...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26753803/older-adults-acceptance-of-activity-trackers
#18
Kimberly C Preusse, Tracy L Mitzner, Cara Bailey Fausset, Wendy A Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usability and acceptance of activity tracking technologies by older adults. METHOD: First in our multimethod approach, we conducted heuristic evaluations of two activity trackers that revealed potential usability barriers to acceptance. Next, questionnaires and interviews were administered to 16 older adults ( Mage = 70, SDage = 3.09, rangeage = 65-75) before and after a 28-day field study to understand facilitators and additional barriers to acceptance...
February 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380718/a-naturalistic-study-of-driving-behavior-in-older-adults-and-preclinical-alzheimer-disease
#19
Ganesh M Babulal, Sarah H Stout, Tammie L S Benzinger, Brian R Ott, David B Carr, Mollie Webb, Cindy M Traub, Aaron Addison, John C Morris, David K Warren, Catherine M Roe
A clinical consequence of symptomatic Alzheimer's disease (AD) is impaired driving performance. However, decline in driving performance may begin in the preclinical stage of AD. We used a naturalistic driving methodology to examine differences in driving behavior over one year in a small sample of cognitively normal older adults with ( n = 10) and without ( n = 10) preclinical AD. As expected with a small sample size, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups, but older adults with preclinical AD drove less often, were less likely to drive at night, and had fewer aggressive behaviors such as hard braking, speeding, and sudden acceleration...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380717/physical-function-does-not-predict-care-assessment-need-score-in-older-veterans
#20
Monica C Serra, Odessa Addison, Jamie Giffuni, Lydia Paden, Miriam C Morey, Leslie Katzel
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Health Administration's Care Assessment Need (CAN) score is a statistical model, aimed to predict high-risk patients. We were interested in determining if a relationship existed between physical function and CAN scores. METHOD: Seventy-four older (71 ± 1 years) male Veterans underwent assessment of CAN score and subjective (Short Form-36 [SF-36]) and objective (self-selected walking speed, four square step test, short physical performance battery) assessment of physical function...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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