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Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903881/social-work-s-participation-in-the-geriatric-education-centers-educational-evaluation-a-brief-report
#1
Kristina M Hash, Marla Berg-Weger, Daniel B Stewart, David P Elliott
This study was conducted to determine the level and types of participation of social workers in the activities of the Geriatric Education Centers (GECs). Through an online survey of GECs, the level of participation of social work professionals was compared with those in dentistry, nursing, medicine, and pharmacy, during the years 2010 to 2014. Thirty-one percent (14) of the 45 GECs completed the survey. The results found increases in participation for both social workers and nurses for both GEC activities and involvement in leadership positions within the centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#2
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899701/-calm-satisfied-comforting-the-experience-and-meaning-of-rabbit-assisted-activities-for-older-adults
#3
Natalie Pitheckoff, Sara J McLaughlin, Kate de Medeiros
Animal-assisted activity programs are commonly used in long-term care facilities to enhance the well-being of older residents. Although research suggests that older adults benefit from these programs, little is known about the experience from the perspective of older adults themselves. In this qualitative study, we used direct observation and in-depth interviews to gain an understanding of the experience of participating in a unique rabbit-assisted activity program delivered in a Midwestern residential facility...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881697/adult-day-services-outcomes-delphi-review-of-an-integrated-participant-assessment-system
#4
Shannon Jarrott, Aaron M Ogletree
Adult day services (ADS) aim to help elders age in place, but evidence of impact on participants lags behind caregiver research. To play a larger role in the continuum of care, ADS participant outcomes should regularly be documented with standard measures. We conducted a Delphi review of one integrated participant assessment system. Capturing physical, mental, and cognitive health indicators and activity engagement of typical ADS participants (i.e., frail elders eligible for nursing home placement), experts evaluated the system on instrument validity, relevance, and application...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837055/the-residential-long-term-care-role-in-health-care-transitions
#5
Diane E Berish, Robert Applebaum, Jane K Straker
The objective of the current study is to describe the activities long-term care facilities are undertaking to reduce hospital admissions and readmissions by working to improve health care transitions. The data were collected via an online survey from 888 nursing facilities (NFs) and 527 residential care facilities (RCFs) that completed the care integration module of the Ohio Biennial Survey of Long-Term Care. Questions focused on partnerships, current work, type of care model, and perceived barriers to reducing hospital readmissions...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794055/disseminating-the-otago-exercise-program-in-the-united-states-perceived-and-actual-physical-performance-improvements-from-participants
#6
Tiffany E Shubert, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Marcia G Ory
The Otago Exercise Program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program disseminated internationally. Little is known about the implementation or effectiveness of the OEP in the United States. The purposes were to (a) identify characteristics of older adults enrolled in OEP, and (b) examine perceived and actual functional performance changes after participation in 8 weeks of the program. Baseline and 8-week functional and self-report data were collected on 210 older adults from 2013 to 2015. Linear mixed models and general estimating equations logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic factors were performed to assess changes...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798291/home-delivered-meals-and-risk-of-self-reported-falls-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#7
Kali S Thomas, Ravi B Parikh, Andrew R Zullo, David Dosa
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether home-delivered meals, and the frequency of delivery, reduces self-reported falls among homebound older adults. Data come from a randomized parallel three-arm study of 371 older adults on seven Meals on Wheels programs' waiting lists. Participants were randomly assigned to receive (a) daily meal delivery (n = 139); (b) once weekly, frozen meal delivery (n = 106); or (c) control, remain on the waiting list for meals (n = 126). Participants were surveyed at baseline and 15 weeks post randomization...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777374/perceptions-of-older-residents-and-their-adult-children-regarding-continuing-care-retirement-community-staff
#8
Shiri Shinan-Altman, Liat Ayalon
This study examined the perspectives of continuing care retirement community (CCRC) residents and their adult children regarding services provided by staff in the CCRC. The study is based on semistructured qualitative interviews with 49 residents and their 34 adult children from 11 CCRCs. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Three major themes emerged: (a) "Reliance on the CCRC staff," (b) "Dissatisfaction with the CCRC staff," and (c) "Disregard to the CCRC staff." Findings suggest that staff should maintain constant contact with all residents, including those who are not satisfied with staff's function and those who do not use staff services, to identify and respond to the residents' changing needs...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769822/patterns-of-shelter-use-among-men-new-to-homelessness-in-later-life-duration-of-stay-and-psychosocial-factors-related-to-departure
#9
David W Rothwell, Tamara Sussman, Amanda Grenier, Sebastian Mott, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin
People who become homeless for the first time in late life are a growing but understudied population. This study draws on administrative data from one shelter (N = 1,214 first-time homeless) to assess the extent to which age is related to shelter stay and, to examine psychosocial factors that may be associated with shelter departure. Our bivariate and survival analysis results suggest that older homeless men stay in the shelter 2 weeks longer than younger clients. Older men with pending legal issues and mobility concerns were more likely to leave the shelter than those without such concerns...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26491029/social-support-and-playing-around-an-examination-of-how-older-adults-acquire-digital-literacy-with-tablet-computers
#10
Hsin-Yi Sandy Tsai, Ruth Shillair, Shelia R Cotten
This study examines how older adults learn to use tablet computers. Learning to use new technologies can help older adults to be included in today's digital society. However, learning to use new technologies is not always easy, especially for older adults. This study focuses on how older adults learn to use a specific technology, tablet computers, and the role that social support plays in this process. Data for this project are from 21 in-depth interviews with individuals who own tablet computers. We examine how older adults engage with tablet devices and increase their digital literacy...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084479/reducing-the-digital-divide-connecting-older-adults-to-ipad-technology
#11
Julie A Delello, Rochell R McWhorter
America's older adult population is increasing at a dramatic rate due to better health care, technology, and improved living conditions. However, as individuals 65 years and older begin to live longer and experience multiple life changes, there is a larger incidence of social isolation leading to loneliness, depression, and a general decline in health. This mixed-method study aimed to explore whether information and communication technologies, specifically iPads, improved the lives of older adults. Our findings suggest that the use of technology increased knowledge, elicited closer family ties, and led to a greater overall connection to society...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25956445/determinants-of-job-satisfaction-and-turnover-intent-in-home-health-workers-the-role-of-job-demands-and-resources
#12
Yuri Jang, Ahyoung A Lee, Michelle Zadrozny, Sung-Heui Bae, Miyong T Kim, Nathan C Marti
Based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) model, this study explored the impact of job demands (physical injury and racial/ethnic discrimination) and resources (self-confidence in job performance and recognition by supervisor/organization/society) on home health workers' employee outcomes (job satisfaction and turnover intent). Using data from the National Home Health Aide Survey (N = 3,354), multivariate models of job satisfaction and turnover intent were explored. In both models, the negative impact of demands (physical injury and racial/ethnic discrimination) and the positive impact of resources (self-confidence in job performance and recognition by supervisor and organization) were observed...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25873451/the-case-for-individualized-goal-attainment-scaling-measurement-in-elder-abuse-interventions
#13
David Burnes, Mark S Lachs
Research available to inform the development of effective community-based elder abuse protective response interventions is severely limited. Elder abuse intervention research is constrained by a lack of research capacity, including sensitive and responsive outcome measures that can assess change in case status over the course of intervention. Given the heterogeneous nature of elder abuse, standard scales can lack the flexibility necessary to capture the diverse range of individually relevant issues across cases...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25416511/predicting-help-seeking-attitudes-toward-mental-health-services-among-american-indian-older-adults-is-andersen-s-behavioral-model-a-good-fit
#14
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Kyoung Hag Lee, Yeon-Shim Lee, James I Martin, Michael J Lawler
American Indian (AI) older adults are vulnerable to mental health disparities, yet very little is known about the factors associated with help-seeking for mental health services among them. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of Andersen's Behavioral Model in explaining AI older adults' help-seeking attitudes toward professional mental health services. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine predisposing, enabling, and need variables as predictors of help-seeking attitudes toward mental health services in a sample of 233 AI older adults from the Midwest...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25736425/primary-care-providers-hiv-prevention-practices-among-older-adults
#15
Tracy Davis, Pamela B Teaster, Alice Thornton, John F Watkins, Linda Alexander, Faika Zanjani
PURPOSE: To explore primary care providers' HIV prevention practices for older adults. Primary care providers' perceptions and awareness were explored to understand factors that affect their provision of HIV prevention materials and HIV screening for older adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data were collected through 24 semistructured interviews with primary care providers (i.e., physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who see patients older than 50 years...
December 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511922/enhancing-and-maintaining-memory-in-older-adulthood
#16
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25933674/the-impact-of-mental-aerobics-training-on-older-adults
#17
Bert Hayslip, Kay Paggi, Daniela Caballero
Mental Aerobics (MA) is a cognitively oriented intervention designed to improve older adults' perceptions of their cognitive ability as well as positively impact their performance. Forty-seven community-residing older adults (M age = 67.39, SD = 5.75) were randomly assigned to either a treatment (n = 24) or a waiting list control (n = 23) group. Participants in both treatment and control conditions completed measures of depression, self-rated health, cognitive functioning, and cognitive self-efficacy. Findings support the conclusion that MA can be an effective intervention in improving older adults' affectivity, everyday task self-efficacy, and self-rated health...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25669875/measuring-filial-piety-in-the-21st-century-development-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-10-item-contemporary-filial-piety-scale
#18
Terry Y S Lum, Elsie C W Yan, Andy H Y Ho, Michelle H Y Shum, Gloria H Y Wong, Mandy M Y Lau, Junfang Wang
The experience and practice of filial piety have evolved in modern Chinese societies, and existing measures fail to capture these important changes. Based on a conceptual analysis on current literature, 42 items were initially compiled to form a Contemporary Filial Piety Scale (CFPS), and 1,080 individuals from a representative sample in Hong Kong were surveyed. Principal component analysis generated a 16-item three-factor model: Pragmatic Obligations (Factor 1; 10 items), Compassionate Reverence (Factor 2; 4 items), and Family Continuity (Factor 3; 2 items)...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25608870/a-review-of-self-management-interventions-for-people-with-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#19
REVIEW
Catherine Quinn, Gill Toms, Daniel Anderson, Linda Clare
Self-management offers a way of helping people with dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to play an active role in managing their condition. Barlow, Wright, Sheasby, Turner, and Hainsworth have defined self-management as the "individual's ability to manage the symptoms, treatment, physical and psychosocial consequences and life style changes inherent in living with a chronic condition." Although commonly used in other chronic health conditions, there has been relatively little exploration of the role of self-management in dementia or MCI...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25586268/physical-and-cognitive-impacts-of-digital-games-on-older-adults-a-meta-analytic-review
#20
REVIEW
Fan Zhang, David Kaufman
The purpose of this study is to examine the physical and cognitive impacts of digital games on older adults. We conducted five independent meta-analyses by reporting 58 effect sizes generated from 36 studies. Results suggested that playing digital games is effective in improving older adults' physical balance (g = 0.67), balance confidence (g = 0.46), functional mobility (g = 0.53), executive function (g = 0.76), and processing speed (g = 0.54). Based on the results of heterogeneity analysis, we conducted moderator analyses for physical balance and processing speed...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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