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Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903881/social-work-s-participation-in-the-geriatric-education-centers-educational-evaluation-a-brief-report
#1
Kristina M Hash, Marla Berg-Weger, Daniel B Stewart, David P Elliott
This study was conducted to determine the level and types of participation of social workers in the activities of the Geriatric Education Centers (GECs). Through an online survey of GECs, the level of participation of social work professionals was compared with those in dentistry, nursing, medicine, and pharmacy, during the years 2010 to 2014. Thirty-one percent (14) of the 45 GECs completed the survey. The results found increases in participation for both social workers and nurses for both GEC activities and involvement in leadership positions within the centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#2
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899701/-calm-satisfied-comforting-the-experience-and-meaning-of-rabbit-assisted-activities-for-older-adults
#3
Natalie Pitheckoff, Sara J McLaughlin, Kate de Medeiros
Animal-assisted activity programs are commonly used in long-term care facilities to enhance the well-being of older residents. Although research suggests that older adults benefit from these programs, little is known about the experience from the perspective of older adults themselves. In this qualitative study, we used direct observation and in-depth interviews to gain an understanding of the experience of participating in a unique rabbit-assisted activity program delivered in a Midwestern residential facility...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881697/adult-day-services-outcomes-delphi-review-of-an-integrated-participant-assessment-system
#4
Shannon Jarrott, Aaron M Ogletree
Adult day services (ADS) aim to help elders age in place, but evidence of impact on participants lags behind caregiver research. To play a larger role in the continuum of care, ADS participant outcomes should regularly be documented with standard measures. We conducted a Delphi review of one integrated participant assessment system. Capturing physical, mental, and cognitive health indicators and activity engagement of typical ADS participants (i.e., frail elders eligible for nursing home placement), experts evaluated the system on instrument validity, relevance, and application...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837055/the-residential-long-term-care-role-in-health-care-transitions
#5
Diane E Berish, Robert Applebaum, Jane K Straker
The objective of the current study is to describe the activities long-term care facilities are undertaking to reduce hospital admissions and readmissions by working to improve health care transitions. The data were collected via an online survey from 888 nursing facilities (NFs) and 527 residential care facilities (RCFs) that completed the care integration module of the Ohio Biennial Survey of Long-Term Care. Questions focused on partnerships, current work, type of care model, and perceived barriers to reducing hospital readmissions...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794055/disseminating-the-otago-exercise-program-in-the-united-states-perceived-and-actual-physical-performance-improvements-from-participants
#6
Tiffany E Shubert, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Marcia G Ory
The Otago Exercise Program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program disseminated internationally. Little is known about the implementation or effectiveness of the OEP in the United States. The purposes were to (a) identify characteristics of older adults enrolled in OEP, and (b) examine perceived and actual functional performance changes after participation in 8 weeks of the program. Baseline and 8-week functional and self-report data were collected on 210 older adults from 2013 to 2015. Linear mixed models and general estimating equations logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic factors were performed to assess changes...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798291/home-delivered-meals-and-risk-of-self-reported-falls-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#7
Kali S Thomas, Ravi B Parikh, Andrew R Zullo, David Dosa
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether home-delivered meals, and the frequency of delivery, reduces self-reported falls among homebound older adults. Data come from a randomized parallel three-arm study of 371 older adults on seven Meals on Wheels programs' waiting lists. Participants were randomly assigned to receive (a) daily meal delivery (n = 139); (b) once weekly, frozen meal delivery (n = 106); or (c) control, remain on the waiting list for meals (n = 126). Participants were surveyed at baseline and 15 weeks post randomization...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777374/perceptions-of-older-residents-and-their-adult-children-regarding-continuing-care-retirement-community-staff
#8
Shiri Shinan-Altman, Liat Ayalon
This study examined the perspectives of continuing care retirement community (CCRC) residents and their adult children regarding services provided by staff in the CCRC. The study is based on semistructured qualitative interviews with 49 residents and their 34 adult children from 11 CCRCs. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Three major themes emerged: (a) "Reliance on the CCRC staff," (b) "Dissatisfaction with the CCRC staff," and (c) "Disregard to the CCRC staff." Findings suggest that staff should maintain constant contact with all residents, including those who are not satisfied with staff's function and those who do not use staff services, to identify and respond to the residents' changing needs...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733660/pilot-study-for-implementing-an-osteoporosis-education-and-exercise-program-in-an-assisted-living-facility-and-senior-community
#9
Aparna P Nanduri, Sally Fullman, Lori Morell, Steve Buyske, Mary L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis. METHOD: Residents from an assisted living and senior community program were enrolled after medical clearance. Participant demographics, geriatric fitness assessments, exercise logs, quizzes, and surveys were collected at baseline and 24 weeks. Data were analyzed using paired t tests and ANOVA of change scores for the pooled data within the R statistical environment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729400/cognitive-impairment-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias-in-the-lives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-older-adults-and-their-caregivers-needs-and-competencies
#10
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Sarah Jen, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen
Cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias are important health concerns for older adults. As a marginalized and growing segment of the older adult population, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults face distinct risk factors related to cognitive impairment and dementias, including social isolation, discrimination, barriers to health care access, limited availability of and support for caregivers, and higher rates of certain chronic illnesses. We examine cognitive impairment and dementias among LGBT older adults, describe their unique risk factors, and outline key competencies for health care and human service providers to ensure culturally relevant care for LGBT older adults experiencing cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, or other dementias, as well as their caregivers, families, and communities...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708073/exploring-path-models-of-disablement-in-residential-care-and-assisted-living-residents
#11
Lorraine J Phillips, Gregory F Petroski, Vicki S Conn, Marybeth Brown, Emily Leary, Linda Teri, Sheryl Zimmerman
This study examined the relationships between individual and environmental factors and physical activity, and between physical activity and functional limitations and disability in residential care/assisted living (RC/AL) residents. Participants completed questionnaires and physical performance tests, and wore the Fitbit Motion Tracker® to capture physical activity. Model fit was analyzed using two-level path models with residents nested within RC/AL settings. Model parameters were estimated using the MPlus robust maximum likelihood method...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708072/do-villages-promote-aging-in-place-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Carrie Graham, Andrew E Scharlach, Elaine Kurtovich
Villages are a new, grassroots, consumer-directed model that aims to promote aging in place and prevent unwanted relocations for older adults. In exchange for a yearly membership fee, Villages provide seniors with opportunities for social engagement (social events and classes), civic engagement (member-to-member volunteer opportunities), and an array of support services. In total, 222 Village members were surveyed at intake and 12-month follow-up to examine changes in their confidence aging in place, social connectedness, and health...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697796/spatial-associations-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-older-adults
#13
Ellen K Cromley, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Allison R Heid, Rachel A Pruchno
Multimorbidity, the presence of two or more chronic conditions in an individual, presents a major challenge for meeting the health care needs of older adults. This study advances understanding of multiple chronic conditions by using local colocation quotients to reveal spatial associations for five chronic conditions (arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, and pulmonary disease) in a statewide panel of older adults in New Jersey. Among adults with three or more conditions, large concentrations of Arthritis-Heart Disease-Pulmonary Disease, Arthritis-Hypertension-Pulmonary Disease, and Diabetes-Heart Disease-Hypertension were observed, each triad located in different regions of the state...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683319/a-case-based-approach-to-learning-geriatric-medicine
#14
Jennifer M Reckrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664172/2016-year-in-review
#15
Joseph E Gaugler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664171/comparison-between-quality-of-care-provided-by-trained-feeding-assistants-and-certified-nursing-assistants-during-between-meal-supplementation-in-long-term-care-settings
#16
Emily K Hollingsworth, Emily A Long, Sandra F Simmons
The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of feeding assistance provided by trained non-nursing staff with care provided by certified nursing assistants (CNAs). Research staff provided an 8-hr training course that met federal and state requirements to non-nursing staff in five community long-term care facilities. Trained staff were assigned to between-meal supplement and/or snack delivery for 24 weeks. Using standardized observations, research staff measured feeding assistance care processes between meals across all study weeks...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655237/seniors-online-attitudes-toward-the-internet-and-coping-with-everyday-life
#17
Alexander Seifert, Hans Rudolf Schelling
Many older people do not use the Internet. We investigated the attitudes of older people who do (onliners) or do not (offliners) use the Internet, to assess their views of the Internet and whether they see the Internet as a resource for coping with everyday life situations. Participants aged ≥65 years (N = 1,037), living in Switzerland, were interviewed in a telephone survey. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were conducted. The data show (a) many of the respondents viewed the Internet as useful, in general, and for coping with everyday life situations; (b) onliners saw more positive aspects of the Internet than did offliners; and (c) among onliners, 53% agreed with the statement, "The Internet allows me to stay independent longer into old age...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655236/caregiving-subgroups-differences-in-the-associations-between-the-resilience-resources-and-life-satisfaction
#18
Seungyoun Kim, Bob G Knight
Using a model of resilience, this study compared the direct and indirect associations between resilience resources (sense of mastery, openness to experience, emotion regulation, and social support) and life satisfaction among caregiving subgroups (spouses, adult-children, and parents). Participants were included from the survey of Midlife in the United States (MIDUS II). Estimates of direct and indirect relationships between the resources and life satisfaction were calculated for each subgroup, and differences in the relationships between subgroups were tested...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605554/do-recipients-of-an-association-sponsored-quality-award-program-experience-better-quality-outcomes-compared-with-other-nursing-facilities-across-the-united-states
#19
Nicholas Castle, Doug Olson, Urvi Shah, Kevin Hansen
BACKGROUND: This study explores the relationship between recipients of an association-sponsored Quality Award Program and select measures of quality in U.S. nursing facilities, examined both cross-sectionally and over time. METHOD: Data used came from Quality Award Program recipients over 9 years (2003-2011) and a set of quality indicators from the Online Survey Certification and Reporting (OSCAR) database. These data were analyzed using a variety of multivariate regression techniques...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769822/patterns-of-shelter-use-among-men-new-to-homelessness-in-later-life-duration-of-stay-and-psychosocial-factors-related-to-departure
#20
David W Rothwell, Tamara Sussman, Amanda Grenier, Sebastian Mott, Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin
People who become homeless for the first time in late life are a growing but understudied population. This study draws on administrative data from one shelter (N = 1,214 first-time homeless) to assess the extent to which age is related to shelter stay and, to examine psychosocial factors that may be associated with shelter departure. Our bivariate and survival analysis results suggest that older homeless men stay in the shelter 2 weeks longer than younger clients. Older men with pending legal issues and mobility concerns were more likely to leave the shelter than those without such concerns...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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