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International Journal of Health Planning and Management

Mahmood Nekoei Moghadam, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Vahideh Sadeghi, Ali-Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Mahmud Tupchi, Sahar Parva
BACKGROUND: According to World Bank Group report, while Primary Health Care (PHC) services in Iran were appropriate to the needs of the population in the late 1970s and 1980s, the changing burden of diseases and shifting demand patterns have rendered the existing PHC system no longer suitable to meet current and emergent needs. Based on previous studies, one of the main PHC challenges in Iran relates to human resources issues. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2012 at 3 scales of local (Tabriz city), provincial (East Azerbaijan), and national levels...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Paul H Caldron, Ann Impens, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) refer to the provision of direct pro bono medical services in lower and middle income countries for periods ranging from days to a few weeks by physicians from rich countries. Survey data have provided limited information on demographic and professional profiles of physicians as well as monetary and manpower inputs. Understanding why physicians participate, however, remains incomplete. The study's objective was to elicit physicians' motivations directly...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Michael Jones, Tata Chanturidze, Sam Franzen, Alex Manu, Mike Naylor
The Government of Kazakhstan is engaged in a "root and branch" modernisation of the health care sector. One aspect of the raft of modernisation programmes was to revisit the State Guaranteed Health Benefits Package, with the aim to review citizen entitlements to healthcare. This paper reviews the ongoing evolution of the planning of the health benefits package in Kazakhstan, with the main challenges encountered, and critical lessons learned, to be considered for similar attempts elsewhere. The main conclusions are that: the design process requires a blend of technical and socio-political analysis, because it attracts public interest, and therefore political risks; the scale and burden of analysis need to be kept to manageable proportions; and the relationship between the benefits package and funding modalities needs to be carefully managed by the State, to ensure access to declared entitlements to all members, including the most vulnerable, while keeping the package financially feasible...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Albino Kalolo, Lara Gautier, Ralf Radermacher, Manfred Stoermer, Albrecht Jahn, Menoris Meshack, Manuela De Allegri
The need to understand how an intervention is received by the beneficiary community is well recognised and particularly neglected in the micro-health insurance (MHI) domain. This study explored the views and reactions of the beneficiary community of the redesigned Community Health Fund (CHF) implemented in the Dodoma region of Tanzania. We collected data from focus group discussions with 24 groups of villagers (CHF members and nonmembers) and in-depth interviews with 12 key informants (enrolment officers and health care workers)...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Gillian Le, Molyaneth Heng, Keosothea Nou, Phina So, Tim Ensor
Maternal death remains high in low resource settings. Current literature on obstetric referral that sets out to tackle maternal death tends to focus on problematization. We took an alternative approach and rather asked what works in contemporary obstetric referral in a low income setting to find out if positive inquiry could generate original insights on referral that could be transformative. We documented and analysed instances of successful referral in a rural province of Cambodia that took place within the last year...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Mohammad Alyahya, Heba Hijazi, Heather Harvey
BACKGROUND: While the main focus of accreditation initiatives has been on hospitals, the implementation of these programs is a relatively new notion among other types of healthcare facilities. Correspondingly, this study aims to understand how accreditation is perceived among primary public healthcare centers using an isomorphic institutional theory. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 56 healthcare professionals and administrative staff from seven non-profit healthcare centers in Jordan using an explanatory case-study approach...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Yen-Han Lee, Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Timothy C Chiang, Warren A Kaplan
It has been over 20 years since Taiwan's implementation of its National Health Insurance (NHI) program. Under this program, the health insurance coverage rate has reached approximately 99% of the population. Despite guaranteeing the residents of Taiwan equal access regardless of socioeconomic status and background, critical problems and controversies persist, and they continue to challenge the NHI. We analyze the primary issues facing the NHI program with emphasis on financial and consumer behavioral aspects...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Calum Paton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Bernhard Eicher
Hospitals are responsible for a remarkable part of the annual increase in healthcare expenditure. This article examines one of the major cost drivers, the expenditure for investment in hospital assets. The study, conducted in Switzerland, identifies factors that influence hospitals' investment decisions. A suggestion on how to categorize asset investment models is presented based on the life cycle of an asset, and its influencing factors defined based on transaction cost economics. The influence of five factors (human asset specificity, physical asset specificity, uncertainty, bargaining power, and privacy of ownership) on the selection of an asset investment model is examined using a two-step fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Moheddine Younsi, Mohamed Chakroun, Amine Nafla
This paper examines the determinants of healthcare expenditure for low-, middle- and high-income countries, and it quantifies their influences in order to assess policies for achieving universal health coverage. We elaborate two models, a fixed-effect model and the dynamic panel model, to estimate the factors associated with the total health expenditure growth as well as its major components for 167 countries over the period of 1993-2013. The panel data on total health expenditure per capita and its components were taken from the World Development Indicators...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Janna M Wisniewski, Valerie A Yeager, Mark L Diana, David R Hotchkiss
The number of health systems strengthening (HSS) programs has increased in the last decade. However, a limited number of studies providing robust evidence for the value and impact of these programs are available. This study aims to identify knowledge gaps and challenges that impede rigorous monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of HSS, and to ascertain the extent to which these efforts are informed by existing technical guidance. Interviews were conducted with HSS advisors at United States Agency for International Development-funded missions as well as senior M&E advisors at implementing partner and multilateral organizations...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Federica Angeli, Hans Maarse
OBJECTIVES: This work aims to test whether different segments of healthcare provision differentially attract private capital and thus offer heterogeneous opportunities for private investors' diversification strategies. METHODS: Thomson Reuter's SDC Platinum database provided data on 2563 merger and acquisition (M&A) deals targeting healthcare providers in Western Europe between 1990 and 2010. Longitudinal trends of industrial and geographical characteristics of M&As' targets and acquirers are examined...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Younhee Kim, Dong-Hyun Oh, Minah Kang
This study evaluates productivity changes in the healthcare systems of 30 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries over the 2002-2012 periods. The bootstrapped Malmquist approach is used to estimate bias-corrected indices of healthcare performance in productivity, efficiency and technology by modifying the original distance functions. Two inputs (health expenditure and school life expectancy) and two outputs (life expectancy at birth and infant mortality rate) are used to calculate productivity growth...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Derick W Brinkerhoff
As global programs for HIV response look to transfer responsibility and financing increasingly to country governments, the political will to take on these responsibilities becomes increasingly prominent. However, defining and assessing political will are problematic; it involves intent and motivation, and thus is inherently difficult to observe. It is intimately connected to capacity and is contextually embedded. This article describes an operational model of political will comprised of seven components that are observable and measurable...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Hongxing Yu, Jie Luo, Lan Yao, Bo Qian, Tianwei Shi, Youmei Feng
BACKGROUND: To alleviate the difficulties of rural residents in receiving timely healthcare, the Chinese government launched a medical rural-aid program that solicited urban medical professionals to go to rural hospitals for a 1-year tenure. However, many of urban doctors did not accomplish this task. In this study, we attempted to investigate the reasons behind the failure to fulfill this program and to explore a more feasible solution. METHODS: Eleven doctors and nurses participated in the focus group discussions...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Jo Durham, Vanphanom Sychareun, Anna Rodney, Hebe N Gouda, Nicola Richards, Rasika Rampatige, Maxine Whittaker
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provides an opportunity to strengthen disability-related health information. This study analysed the health information system in Lao PDR and sought evidence of interventions to improve disability-related health information. The study was based on a literature review and key informant interviews (N = 17) informed by the Health Metrics Network's Framework and Standards and the Performance of Routine Information System Management framework. The Lao health information system is in an embryonic stage with health data often incomplete, inaccurate and poorly used...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Arno Tausch
OBJECTIVES: In the light of recent very prominent studies, especially that of Mukherjee and Krieckhaus (), one should be initially tempted to assume that nowadays globalization is a driver of a good public health performance in the entire world system. Most of these studies use time series analyses based on the KOF Index of Globalization. We attempt to re-analyze the entire question, using a variety of methodological approaches and data. Our re-analysis shows that neoliberal globalization has resulted in very important implosions of public health development in various regions of the world and in increasing inequality in the countries of the world system, which in turn negatively affect health performance...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Kieke G H Okma, Adrian Kay, Shelby Hockenberry, Joanne Liu, Susan Watkins
Apart from governments, there are many other actors active in the health policy arena, including a wide array of international organizations (IOs), public-private partnerships and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that state as their main mission to improve the health of (low-income) populations of low-income countries. Despite the steady rise in numbers and prominence of NGOs, however, there is lack of empirical knowledge about their functioning in the international policy arena, and most studies focus on the larger organizations...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
John Koku Awoonor-Williams, James F Phillips, Ayaga A Bawah
Ghana's Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative develops accessible healthcare with participatory community support, using strategies developed and tested by a project of the Navrongo Health Research Centre. In 1996, the project was expanded to a district-wide four-celled trial. In response to evidence that strategies could reduce fertility and childhood mortality, a replication project was launched to develop methods for scale-up. Based on experience gained, CHPS scale-up was launched in 2000...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
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