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Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140116/the-effect-of-ethnicity-on-the-incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-moderate-to-high-risk-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-in-south-africa-a-controlled-observational-study
#1
A Alli, S Omar, S Tsang, B I Naik
Background: We conducted this prospective controlled observational study to compare the effect of ethnicity on the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) between moderate to high-risk African and non-African patients undergoing general anesthesia. Methods: Using Apfel score risk factors and predicted length of surgery (>30 minutes), 89 moderate to high risk patients undergoing general anesthesia were recruited in a university hospital between March 2009 and November 2010...
June 2017: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940096/erratum-anesthetic-considerations-for-the-neonate-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940095/efficacy-of-cervical-epidural-steroid-injections-for-cervical-radiculopathy
#3
LETTER
Samaresh Das, Neelam Suri, Adil Suleiman Al Kharausi, Nilay Chatterjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940094/spq-self-promoter-questionnaire-or-spec-self-promotion-evaluator-collector
#4
Deepak Gupta, Sarwan Kumar
Healing hospitals have evolved into business companies (institutions). Therefore, the need arises to evaluate the care rendered not only for the sake of adequacy of healing among patients but also for the sake of self-promotions to ensure returning customers. This letter brings forth our post-hoc objective method that can be an answer and/or replacement to pre-hoc subjective scoring of services by Net Promoter Score® or The National Health Service Friends and Family Test. Both the abovementioned scores work on the flawed avenue based on the satisfaction perceived immediate post-care/service by consumers (employees or patients)...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940093/postoperative-pain-management-practice-at-teaching-hospitals-in-jordan
#5
LETTER
Aboud Al Jabari, Islam Massad, Khaled Al Zaben, Ibrahim Habebeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939707/the-use-of-flexible-fiberoptic-cystoscope-for-difficult-endotracheal-intubation-in-tmj-ankylosis-patients-a-case-series
#6
Taiseer Hussain Al-Khateeb, Daher K Rabad
Background: Fiberoptic bronchoscopes might be vital for the safe performance of difficult endotracheal intubations. However, many hospitals in low or middle-income countries are unable to afford the equipment. We describe the use of a flexible fiberoptic cystoscope, as an alternative to a bronchoscope, for difficult nasoendotracheal intubation in patients with temporomandibular joint ankyloses. Methods: Eight Jordanian patients (five females and three males) with severe restriction of mouth opening, due to ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint, underwent awake nasoendotracheal intubation using a flexible fiberoptic cystoscope under local anesthesia...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939706/post-partum-malignant-hypertension-in-a-patient-with-preeclampsia-and-abruptio-placenta
#7
Anthony K Woodall, Amir O El Hassan, Alan D Kaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939705/anesthetic-management-of-advanced-stage-ludwig-s-angina-a-case-report-and-review-with-emphasis-on-compromised-airway-management
#8
REVIEW
Mohammed Al Harbi, Jubil Thomas, Nancy Khalil Hassan, Nermeen Said Hassanin, Salah Wannous, Chadi Abouras, Ahmed Al Harthi, Vassilios Dimitrou
Ludwig’s angina, although uncommon, remains a potentially life-threatening condition because of the risk of impending airway obstruction. Effective treatment is based on early recognition of the clinical process, with the appropriate use of parenteral antibiotics, securing the airway, and formal surgical drainage of the infection. Awake fiberoptic intubation under topical anesthesia may be the preferred method to secure the airway. Flexible nasotracheal intubation requires skill and experience. When fiberoptic bronchoscopy is not feasible, not available, or has failed, an elective awake cricothyrotomy and tracheostomy are the options...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939704/dose-dependent-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-ketamine-in-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#9
Zafer Gundogdu, Ismail Demirel, Mustafa Kemal Bayar, Zeynep Ozkan, Serpil Bayindir, Fatma Kocyigit, Onur Hanbeyoglu, Mustafa Kahraman
Introduction: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is commonly observed in severe sepsis, hemorrhagic shock, liver transplantation, hepatic resection, and major trauma. Ketamine suppresses the production of cytokines, such as IL-6 and TNF-α, via NF-κB inhibition. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of ketamine in liver I/R injury. Materials and Methods: Female Wistar-Albino rats (n = 18), weighing 150-200g, were divided into three groups (n = 6 each)...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939703/ultrasound-guided-in-plane-penile-nerve-block-for-circumcision-a-new-modified-technique-suggests-lower-anesthetic-volume-and-narcotic-use
#10
M-Irfan Suleman, Anita N Akbar Ali, Valbona Kanarek, Ming Li, Ashay Patel
Context: Circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedures in pediatric males. Anesthesia is often the classic dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB), which is based on landmark identification and tactile feel of tissue resistance during needle advancement. However, this technique is associated with technical failures and vascular complications. Objective: We used an ultrasound-guided in-plane technique to avoid injury of penile vascular and neural tissues during DPNB...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939701/effects-of-circuit-leak-development-over-time-and-response-during-low-flow-volume-and-pressure-controlled-ventilation
#11
Roland Kaddoum, Chadi I Yaacoub, George M McKelvey, Hong Wang
Study Objective: To study the effects of circuit leak development over time and response during volume and pressure controlled ventilation using low flow in human patient simulator and to examine the minimum fresh gas flow needed to compensate for such a leak. Design/Setting: Prospective study using a patient Simulation Lab at Wayne State University. Measurements: A human patient simulator was endotracheally intubated. The endotracheal tube (ETT) was connected to the Datex-Ohmeda AS/3 Anesthesia machine. The tidal volume was set to 500ml in the volume controlled trial and the pressure to 6cm H2O in the pressure controlled trial...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939700/nasotracheal-intubation-with-parker-flex-tip-versus-preformed-nasal-endotracheal-tubes-for-children-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Moustafa Abdelaziz Moustafa, Yasser Mohamed Ossman
Abstract: The design of the endotracheal tube might be an important factor in the incidence of injurious complications during nasotracheal intubation. Aim of the work: Primary aim: to compare the parker flex tip (PFT) and the preformed nasal (PNT) tubes regarding the ease of insertion during nasotracheal intubation in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy. Secondary aim: to verify the incidence of traumatic complications of both types of tubes during nasotracheal intubation in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939698/analgetic-efficacy-of-flurbiprofen-axcetil-in-rigid-cystoscopy-for-men-a-prospective-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jinguo Wang, Haichun Ma, Lei Wang, Honglan Zhou, Yang Gao, Na Wang
Objective: To evaluate the analgesic effect of preprocedural flurbiprofen axetil on rigid cystoscopy-associated pain for men. Methods: Fifty-two men scheduled for cystoscopy were recruited in this study. The effects of oxybuprocaine jelly alone or in combination with preprocedural flurbiprofen axetil, were compared. The pain intensity was assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS) scores during injecting oxybuprocaine jelly into the urethra, during inserting rigid cystoscope into the urethra, during viewing inside the urinary bladder, at the first urination after cystoscopy and at the first urination on the following morning at home...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939697/effect-of-induced-acute-mild-arterial-hypertension-on-postoperative-analgesic-requirements-after-laparoscopic-ovarian-cystectomy-a-randomized-double-blinded-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Atef K Salama, Nasr M Abdalla
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of inducing acute hypertension during laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on postoperative nalbuphine analgesic requirements. Methods: The total dose of nalbuphine used in the hypertension group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p <0.001). The VAS score was significantly lower in the hypertension group on arrival to PACU and during the period between 1 and 6 hours postoperatively. Results: The total dose of nalbuphine used in the hypertension group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p <0...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939696/the-numask%C3%A2-is-as-effective-as-the-face-mask-in-achieving-maximal-preoxygentation
#15
Usharani Nimmagadda, M Ramez Salem, Dimitry Voronov, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic
Background: Preoxygenation before anesthetic induction is a widely accepted maneuver to increase oxygen reserves and delay desaturation during apnea. There is limited data regarding the use of the NuMask® in the perioperative setting, and no data as to its efficacy in achieving maximal preoxygenation. We hypothesize that the NuMask® may be a useful alternative to the face mask in achieving maximal preoxygenation. Methods: After IRB approval, the NuMask® was compared with the classic face mask with respect to achieving maximal pre-oxygenation in 30 healthy volunteers using tidal volume breathing...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939695/perimortem-cesarean-section
#16
EDITORIAL
Anis Baraka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487649/palpate-intercristal-line-correctly-not-transgress-too-high-can-be-too-close-to-conus-medullaris
#17
LETTER
Deepak Gupta, David H Rustom, Shushovan Chakrabortty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487648/arterial-cannulation-simple-swaying-maneuver-may-be-an-answer-to-counter-failure-complication-rates
#18
LETTER
Deepak Gupta, Hassan H Amhaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487647/anesthesia-for-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-case-report
#19
Khalid R Alzaben, Omar Q Samarah, Salameh S Obeidat, Oday Halhouli, Murad Al Kharabsheh
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease comprises a group of disorders characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Reviewing the anaesthetic literature produced conflicting reports about the best anaesthetic options for patients with CMTD; as they are at increased risk of prolonged response to muscle relaxants, malignant hyperthermia and risks of regional anaesthesia. We present a case of the successful use of total intravenous anaesthesia with dexmedetomidine and propofol combined with caudal block using bupivacaine mixed with dexmedetomidine without any complications, for a 17 year old male patient with Charcot Marie-Tooth disease who underwent a lower limb orthopedic surgery...
June 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487646/perioperative-care-of-an-infant-with-gomez-lopez-hernandez-syndrome
#20
Onur Balaban, Joseph D Tobias
Gomez-Lopez-Hernandez syndrome, also known as cerebello-trigeminal dermal dysplasia, is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome classically characterized by the triad of rhombencephalosynapsis, trigeminal anesthesia, and bilateral parietal alopecia. Associated clinical features include a characteristic facial appearance (mid-face hypoplasia, hypertelorism, and low-set, posteriorly rotated ears), brachycephaly, strabismus, ataxia, developmental delay, short stature, and corneal opacities. Given the associated congenital anomalies, anesthetic care may be required for various surgical interventions...
June 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
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