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Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824807/biobehavioral-framework-of-symptom-and-health-outcomes-of-uncertainty-and-psychological-stress-in-parkinson-disease
#1
Kim W Austin, Suzanne W Ameringer, Angela R Starkweather, Leslie J Cloud, Jamie L Sturgill, Ronald K Elswick
Parkinson disease (PD) is a debilitating, progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by complex motor and nonmotor symptoms that fluctuate in onset, severity, level of disability, and responsiveness to treatment. The unpredictable nature of PD and the inability to halt or slow disease progression may result in uncertainty and psychological stress. Uncertainty and psychological stress have important implications for symptom and health outcomes in PD. Uncertainty and psychological stress have been shown to worsen symptoms, functional capacity, and quality of life in chronic illnesses; however, the causal mechanisms have yet to be elucidated...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824806/implementation-of-a-stroke-competency-program-to-improve-nurses-knowledge-of-and-adherence-to-stroke-guidelines
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824805/the-emerging-role-of-the-gut-microbiome-in-adult-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Pamela K Newland, Margaret Heitkemper, Yanjiao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2.3 million people worldwide are currently living with multiple sclerosis (MS). The pathophysiologic mechanism of MS is not well known. It has been suggested that alterations in the normal gut flora may contribute to MS etiology and symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this review are to describe the data suggesting a role for the gut microbiome in MS research and address its implications for practice. METHODS: A literature search of the following databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane library database, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences) was conducted to find published studies relevant to gut microbiome in patients with MS...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824804/predictors-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-neurosurgical-patients
#4
Jodi D Hellickson, Wendy R Worden, Crystal Ryan, Anne G Miers, Deborah A Benike, Sydney P Frank, Lori M Rhudy
In the neurosurgery patient population, one of the most frequent complications is postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The purpose of this predictive correlational study was to examine the incidence and predictors of PONV in a cohort of 519 neurosurgery patients undergoing elective spinal and intracranial procedures. Patients were interviewed, and their medical records were reviewed every 24 hours for up to 72 hours postoperatively to identify risk factors for PONV development. After summarizing univariate associations, a multivariable logistic regression model for each outcome was developed using forward and backward stepwise selection, with the p value for a variable to enter or leave the model set to ...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824803/caregiving-immediately-after-stroke-a-study-of-uncertainty-in-caregivers-of-older-adults
#5
Eeeseung Byun, Barbara Riegel, Marilyn Sommers, Nancy Tkacs, Lois Evans
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of stroke survivors experience high rates of mental and physical morbidity. Stroke has sudden onset, and the outcome is not immediately known. Uncertainties surrounding the new caregiving role may not only necessitate major changes in the lives of family caregivers but also contribute to negative health outcomes for the caregiver. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to describe caregiver uncertainty across the early weeks after a family member's stroke and to explore characteristics of caregivers and stroke survivors associated with that uncertainty...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824802/parental-perceptions-of-family-social-supports-in-families-with-children-with-epilepsy
#6
Wendy R Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824801/parent-perceptions-of-family-social-supports-in-families-with-children-with-epilepsy
#7
Kim A Decker, Wendy R Miller, Janice M Buelow
PURPOSE AND BACKGROUND: When a child is diagnosed with epilepsy, not only has the child's life been disrupted but also the family's sense of normalcy. Although there is considerable literature discussing family concerns and social support issues in families with chronically ill children, a major gap lies in the exploration of how the specifics of childhood epilepsy affect parents and family operations. The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial care needs of parents of children with epilepsy...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824800/transient-ischemic-attack-and-cognitive-impairment-a-review
#8
Christine A Ganzer, Andrea Barnes, Constance Uphold, Alan R Jacobs
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a neurologic deficit resulting from focal ischemia in the brain, spinal cord, or retina. Historically, the definition included symptom resolution within 24 hours. However, recent studies investigating cognition after TIA suggest that deficits in executive function persist at 7 days post-TIA, although few studies have examined these effects long term. Recent advances in neuroimaging techniques provide emerging evidence of permanent microvascular tissue damage in the brain, suggesting that the effects of TIA may persist beyond resolution of focal symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824799/the-glasgow-coma-scale-gcs-deciphering-the-motor-component-of-the-gcs
#9
Megan Maserati, Anita Fetzick, Ava Puccio
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was developed to standardize the assessment of neurologically compromised patients, to assist in triaging severity of injury, and to direct management decisions for an individualized plan of care. This examination allows for frequent assessments to ascertain worsening of neurological symptoms that would warrant additional radiological scans or interventions. The GCS score is composed of three components: eye, verbal, and motor, with motor being the most difficult to assess. A need for clarification of the motor component of the GCS was identified in a neurotrauma intensive care unit (ICU) at a level 1 hospital in the United States...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824798/educating-parents-on-sports-related-concussions
#10
Ian Macdonald, Roxanne Hauber
PURPOSE: Approximately 30 million children and adolescents in the United States participate in various forms of organized sports, and incidents of traumatic brain injuries in emergency departments have increased to 62% from 2001 to 2009. Knowledge, information, and preventive interventions appear to have been well disseminated among athletic personnel at the professional, collegiate, and high school levels. Research regarding parents' perceptions and knowledge of sports-related concussions (SRCs) however is lacking...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824797/publish-what-you-preach-practice-what-we-publish
#11
DaiWai M Olson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579967/collaborative-care-on-the-stroke-unit-a-cross-sectional-outcomes-study
#12
Janet G Wood
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic and quality outcomes associated with a collaborative advanced practice nurse and hospitalist physician model of care on the inpatient stroke unit as compared with usual hospitalist physician-led care. BACKGROUND: High functioning collaborative teams are anticipated to be essential under value-based reimbursement. METHODS: Hospitalist nurse practitioners were assigned to the stroke unit in collaboration with hospitalist physicians to implement daily hospital management for patients with stroke and transient ischemic attack...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579966/reliability-and-validity-for-neuroscience-nurses
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579965/the-influence-of-neurocognitive-functioning-on-proactive-coping-behaviors-in-adults-with-hiv
#14
Shameka L Cody, Pariya L Fazeli, Linda D Moneyham, David E Vance
Although many can appreciate the life-sustaining benefits of combination antiretroviral therapy, some adults with HIV continue to have difficulty managing physical, neurocognitive, and everyday stressors. Fortunately, some adults with HIV are able to use accumulated resources (e.g., social networks) to help them engage in proactive coping behaviors such as planning and problem solving. Others, however, manage their stressors by engaging in avoidant coping, isolating themselves, or ruminating about the negative aspects of their situation...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579964/prognosis-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-after-implementation-of-a-nurse-assessment-protocol
#15
Débora Moura da P Oliveira, Carlos Umberto Pereira, Záira Moura da P Freitas
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of a patient with traumatic brain injury (TBI) depends on the severity of the injury, the patient's level of consciousness upon admission, and differences in treatment protocols. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the prognosis of TBI victims after implementation of a nurse assessment protocol. METHOD: This is a blind, nonrandomized clinical study carried out at a public emergency hospital in the state of Sergipe, Brazil...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579963/external-ventricular-catheters-is-it-appropriate-to-use-an-open-monitor-position-to-adequately-trend-intracranial-pressure-in-a-neuroscience-critical-care-environment
#16
Nicole E Sunderland, Nancy E Villanueva, Susan J Pazuchanics
Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring can be an important assessment tool in critically and acutely ill patients. An external ventricular drain offers a comprehensive way to monitor ICP and drain cerebrospinal fluid. The Monro-Kellie hypothesis, Pascal's principle, and fluid dynamics were used to formulate an assumption that an open/monitor position on the stopcock is an adequate trending measure for ICP monitoring while concurrently draining cerebrospinal fluid. Data were collected from 50 patients and totaled 1053 separate number sets...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579962/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-case-study
#17
Roger Kelsey Halbert
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune syndrome that presents with personality changes, autonomic dysfunction, and neurologic deterioration. Most patients with this syndrome progress from psychosis to seizure to catatonia, often associated with abnormal movements, autonomic instability, and hypoventilation. First-line treatment constitutes resection of the associated neoplasm, corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasma exchange. Second-line treatment includes rituximab and cyclophosphamide...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579961/impaired-work-productivity-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
Molly McNett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579960/impaired-work-productivity-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Elizabeth A Crago, Thomas J Price, Catherine M Bender, Dianxu Ren, Samuel M Poloyac, Paula R Sherwood
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a sudden debilitating condition affecting individuals during the most productive times of their lives. Treatment advances have reduced mortality rates but increased the number of survivors facing deficits in physical and neuropsychological function. OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between neuropsychological function and work productivity after aSAH. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with aSAH, employed before hemorrhage, were recruited from an ongoing National Institutes of Health study...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579959/developing-guidelines-for-the-reversal-of-anticoagulant-and-antithrombotic-agents-in-the-setting-of-intracranial-hemorrhage
#20
Michael A Christensen, Caleb M Cooper
BACKGROUND: The use of anticoagulants and antithrombotic agents in the population is increasing as the population ages with a concomitant rise in chronic diseases such as atrial fibrillation. The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) with these agents is small but clinically significant. The purpose of this article is to illustrate how a single institution developed anticoagulation-associated ICH treatment guidelines. METHODOLOGY: A literature review of the topic was performed using the PubMed and Cochrane Evidence-Based Medicine review databases using keywords including antithrombotic agents, antiplatelet agents, traumatic brain injury, and intracranial hemorrhage...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
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