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Glycoconjugate Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929266/brazilian-meningococcal-c-conjugate-vaccine-physicochemical-immunological-and-thermal-stability-characteristics
#1
Renata Chagas Bastos, Marilza Batista Corrêa, Iaralice Medeiros de Souza, Milton Neto da Silva, Denise da Silva Gomes Pereira, Fernanda Otaviano Martins, Camila da Silva Faria, Ana Paula Dinis Ano Bom, Maria de Lourdes Leal, Ellen Jessouroun, José Godinho da Silva, Ricardo de Andrade Medronho, Ivna Alana Freitas Brasileiro da Silveira
High temperature is known to cause some instability in polysaccharide-protein conjugated vaccines and studies under stress conditions may be useful in determining whether short-term accidental exposure to undesired conditions can compromise product quality. In this study, we examined the structural stability of three industrial batches of Brazilian Meningococcal C conjugate bulk (MPCT) incubated at 4, 37, and 55 °C for 5 weeks. The effect of exposure to the storage temperatures was monitored by HPLC-SEC, CZE, CD and NMR techniques...
September 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905280/enzymatic-synthesis-of-fucose-containing-galacto-oligosaccharides-using-%C3%AE-galactosidase-and-identification-of-novel-disaccharide-structures
#2
Anne Usvalampi, Hannu Maaheimo, Olli Tossavainen, Alexander D Frey
Fucosylated oligosaccharides have an important role in maintaining a healthy immune system and homeostatic gut microflora. This study employed a commercial β-galactosidase in the production of fucose-containing galacto-oligosaccharides (fGOS) from lactose and fucose. The production was optimized using experiment design and optimal conditions for a batch production in 3-liter scale. The reaction product was analyzed and the produced galactose-fucose disaccharides were purified. The structures of these disaccharides were determined using NMR and it was verified that one major product with the structure Galβ1-3Fuc and two minor products with the structures Galβ1-4Fuc and Galβ1-2Fuc were formed...
September 13, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905148/building-a-pgc-lc-ms-n-glycan-retention-library-and-elution-mapping-resource
#3
Jodie L Abrahams, Matthew P Campbell, Nicolle H Packer
Porous graphitised carbon-liquid chromatography (PGC-LC) has been proven to be a powerful technique for the analysis and characterisation of complex mixtures of isomeric and isobaric glycan structures. Here we evaluate the elution behaviour of N-glycans on PGC-LC and thereby provide the potential of using chromatographic separation properties, together with mass spectrometry (MS) fragmentation, to determine glycan structure assignments more easily. We used previously reported N-glycan structures released from the purified glycoproteins Immunoglobulin G (IgG), Immunoglobulin A (IgA), lactoferrin, α1-acid glycoprotein, Ribonuclease B (RNase B), fetuin and ovalbumin to profile their behaviour on capillary PGC-LC-MS...
September 13, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887741/effects-of-lectins-on-initial-attachment-of-cariogenic-streptococcus-mutans
#4
Takashi Ito, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Yasuyoshi Shiota, Yuki Ito, Tadashi Yamamoto, Shogo Takashiba
Oral bacteria initiate biofilm formation by attaching to tooth surfaces via an interaction of a lectin-like bacterial protein with carbohydrate chains on the pellicle. This study aimed to find naturally derived lectins that inhibit the initial attachment of a cariogenic bacterial species, Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), to carbohydrate chains in saliva in vitro. Seventy kinds of lectins were screened for candidate motifs that inhibit the attachment of S. mutans ATCC 25175 to a saliva-coated culture plate...
September 8, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823097/epitope-mapping-of-histo-blood-group-antigens-bound-to-norovirus-vlps-using-std-nmr-experiments-reveals-fine-details-of-molecular-recognition
#5
Brigitte Fiege, Mila Leuthold, Francisco Parra, Kevin P Dalton, Peter J Meloncelli, Todd L Lowary, Thomas Peters
Attachment of human noroviruses to histo blood group antigens (HBGAs) is thought to be critical for the infection process. Therefore, we have determined binding epitopes of synthetic type 1 to 6 blood group A- and B-tetrasaccharides binding to GII.4 human Norovirus virus like particles (VLPs) using STD NMR experiments. So far, little information is available from crystal structure analysis studies on the interactions of the reducing-end sugars with the protruding domain (P-domain) of the viral coat protein VP1...
August 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823068/stress-affects-surface-glycoconjugates-of-the-rat-endometrium-at-the-time-of-implantation
#6
Elham Aliabadi, Zohreh Makoolati, Tahereh Talaei-Khozani, Fakhreddin Mesbah Ardekani
One of the treatments to infertility is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). In the course of IVF, fertilization rate can be improved through stress reduction. Probably one of the causes of low outcome of IVF is changes in uterine glycoconjugates that are first site of contact between blastocyst and uterus, due to stress, e.g., stress of injection. Thus, the study of the injectional stress effects on implantation period is very important to improve the outcome of IVF. Sixteen mature female rats were divided to experimental and control groups...
August 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822024/glycosaminoglycans-and-glycolipids-as-potential-biomarkers-in-lung-cancer
#7
Guoyun Li, Lingyun Li, Eun Ji Joo, Ji Woong Son, Young Jin Kim, Jae Ku Kang, Kyung Bok Lee, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt
In this report, we used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and Western blotting to analyze the content and structure of glycosaminoglycans, glycolipids and selected proteins to compare differences between patient-matched normal and cancerous lung tissues obtained from lung cancer patients. The cancer tissue samples contained over twice as much chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) as did the normal tissue samples, while the amount of heparan sulfate (HS) and hyaluronan (HA) in normal and cancer tissues were not significantly different...
August 18, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812216/an-overview-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-glycation-of-albumin-a-potential-disease-marker-in-diabetes-mellitus
#8
REVIEW
Km Neelofar, Jamal Ahmad
Non-enzymatic glycation of macromolecules, especially proteins leading to their oxidation is increased in diabetes mellitus due to hyperglycaemia and play an important role in associated complications of the disease. Protein glycation mostly occurs in intra chain lysine residues resulting in the formation of early stage Amadori products which are finally converted to advance glycation end products (AGEs). This review deals with the structural studies of in vitro and in vivo glycated human serum albumin (HSA)...
August 15, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808804/identification-of-a-new-liver-specific-c-type-mrna-transcriptional-variant-for-mouse-st3gal5-gm3-gm4-synthase
#9
Fumi Shishido, Satoshi Uemura, Takahiro Nitta, Jin-Ichi Inokuchi
GM3, a major lipid component of the plasma membrane outer leaflet in mammalian cells, is synthesized in the luminal side of Golgi by ST3GAL5 protein (ST3G5), a type II membrane protein. Two strains of St3Gal5 knockout mice have been established for studies of GM3 physiological function: St3Gal5-Ex5-KO (lacking exon 5, which contains the catalytic domain of ST3G5), and St3Gal5-Ex3-KO (lacking exon 3, which contains the initiation codons). Results of the present study demonstrate that GM3 synthesis is still present, at a low level, in liver of St3Gal5-Ex3-KO mice...
August 14, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752383/construction-and-functional-characterization-of-truncated-versions-of-recombinant-keratanase-ii-from-bacillus-circulans
#10
Haisheng Wang, Wenqin He, Peixia Jiang, Yanlei Yu, Lei Lin, Xiaojun Sun, Mattheos Koffas, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt
There is a need for degradative enzymes in the study of glycosaminoglycans. Many of these enzymes are currently available either in their natural or recombinant forms. Unfortunately, progress in structure-activity studies of keratan sulfate (KS) have been impeded by the lack of a commercially available endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase, keratantase II. The current study uses a recently published sequence of a highly thermostable keratanase II identified in Bacillus circulans to clone and express a series of truncation mutants in Escherichia coli BL21...
July 27, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725972/the-versatility-of-n-alkyl-methoxyamine-bi-functional-linkers-for-the-preparation-of-glycoconjugates
#11
Stefan Munneke, Emma M Dangerfield, Bridget L Stocker, Mattie S M Timmer
The application of N-glycosyl-N-alkyl-methoxyamine bi-functional linkers for the synthesis of a variety of glycoconjugates is described. The linker contains a specific functional group, such as an amine, azide, thiol, or carboxylic acid, which can be used for conjugation methodologies that include amide ligation, sulfonylation, copper-mediated Huisgen cycloaddition or thiol-maleimide coupling. In this way, glycoconjugates equipped with biotin, a fluorescent reporter, or a protein were efficiently synthesised, thus demonstrating the versatility of this type of oxyamine linker for the construction of glycoconjugate probes...
July 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676909/unexpected-features-of-exponentially-growing-tobacco-bright-yellow-2-cell-suspension-culture-in-relation-to-excreted-extracellular-polysaccharides-and-cell-wall-composition
#12
Mohammad Issawi, Mohammad Muhieddine, Celine Girard, Vincent Sol, Catherine Riou
This article presents a new insight about TBY-2 cells; from extracellular polysaccharides secretion to cell wall composition during cell suspension culture. In the medium of cells taken 2 days after dilution (end of lag phase), a two unit pH decrease from 5.38 to 3.45 was observed and linked to a high uronic acid (UA) amount secretion (47.8%) while, in 4 and 7 day-old spent media, pH increased and UA amounts decreased 35.6 and 42.3% UA, respectively. To attain deeper knowledge of the putative link between extracellular polysaccharide excretion and cell wall composition, we determined cell wall UA and neutral sugar composition of cells from D2 to D12 cultures...
July 4, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674831/quantification-and-comparison-of-acidic-polysaccharides-in-edible-fish-intestines-and-livers-using-hplc-ms-ms
#13
Shuang Song, Qi Yu, Bao Zhang, Chunqing Ai, Yujiao Sun, Yinghuan Fu, Meiyu Zhao, Chengrong Wen
Fish intestines and livers are usually considered as delicious and nutritious food in China. Acidic polysaccharides are important nutrients in these food of animal origin, but there is currently little information regarding their quantitative distributions. The present study demonstrated a method to quantify acidic polysaccharides simultaneously by analyzing their disaccharides produced from the acid hydrolysis using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry...
July 3, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656506/comparing-naturally-occurring-glycosylated-forms-of-proline-rich-antibacterial-peptide-drosocin
#14
Deepti S Lele, Gagandeep Kaur, Menithalaxmi Thiruvikraman, Kanwal J Kaur
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are key players of innate immunity. Amongst various classes of AMPs, proline rich AMPs from insects enjoy special attention with few members of this class bearing O-glycosylation as post-translational modification. Drosocin, a 19 amino acid glycosylated AMP is a member of proline rich class, synthesized in the haemolymph of Drosophila melanogaster upon bacterial challenge. We report herein the chemical synthesis of drosocin carrying disaccharide (β-Gal(1 → 3)α-GalNAc) and comparison of its structural and functional properties with another naturally occurring monoglycosylated form of drosocin i...
June 27, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752382/glyco-24-xxiv-international-symposium-on-glycoconjugates
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624993/cancer-stem-cell-marker-glycosylation-nature-function-and-significance
#16
REVIEW
Brody W Mallard, Joe Tiralongo
Glycans are essential for the maintenance of normal biological function, with alterations in glycan expression being a hallmark of cancer. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subset of cells within a tumour capable of self-renewal, cellular differentiation and resistances to conventional therapies. As is the case with stem cells, marker proteins present on the cell surface are frequently used to identify and enrich CSCs, with the expression of these markers statistical correlating with the likelihood of cancer recurrence and overall patient survival...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616799/dolichol-phosphate-mannose-synthase-a-glycosyltransferase-with-unity-in-molecular-diversities
#17
REVIEW
Dipak K Banerjee, Zhenbo Zhang, Krishna Baksi, Jesús E Serrano-Negrón
N-glycans provide structural and functional stability to asparagine-linked (N-linked) glycoproteins, and add flexibility. Glycan biosynthesis is elaborative, multi-compartmental and involves many glycosyltransferases. Failure to assemble N-glycans leads to phenotypic changes developing infection, cancer, congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) among others. Biosynthesis of N-glycans begins at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with the assembly of dolichol-linked tetra-decasaccharide (Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-PP-Dol) where dolichol phosphate mannose synthase (DPMS) plays a central role...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597243/probing-the-catalytic-site-of-rabbit-muscle-glycogen-phosphorylase-using-a-series-of-specifically-modified-maltohexaose-derivatives
#18
Makoto Nakamura, Yasushi Makino, Chika Takagi, Tohru Yamagaki, Masaaki Sato
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) is an allosteric enzyme whose catalytic site comprises six subsites (SG1, SG-1, SG-2, SG-3, SG-4, and SP) that are complementary to tandem five glucose residues and one inorganic phosphate molecule, respectively. In the catalysis of GP, the nonreducing-end glucose (Glc) of the maltooligosaccharide substrate binds to SG1 and is then phosphorolyzed to yield glucose 1-phosphate. In this study, we probed the catalytic site of rabbit muscle GP using pyridylaminated-maltohexaose (Glcα1-4Glcα1-4Glcα1-4Glcα1-4Glcα1-4GlcPA, where GlcPA = 1-deoxy-1-[(2-pyridyl)amino]-D-glucitol]; abbreviated as PA-0) and a series of specifically modified PA-0 derivatives (Glc m -AltNAc-Glc n -GlcPA, where m + n = 4 and AltNAc is 3-acetoamido-3-deoxy-D-altrose)...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573337/immunological-characterization-of-a-rigid-%C3%AE-tn-mimetic-on-murine-inkt-and-human-nk-cells
#19
Silvia Fallarini, Alvaro Brittoli, Michele Fiore, Grazia Lombardi, Olivier Renaudet, Barbara Richichi, Cristina Nativi
The ability of a rigid α-Tn mimetic (compound 1) to activate murine invariant natural killer T (iNKT) and human natural killer (NK) cells, two subsets of lymphocytes involved in cancer immunesurveillance, was investigated. For this purpose, the mimetic 1 was properly conjugated to a stearic acid containing glycerol-based phospholipid (compound 5) to be presented, in the context of the conserved non polymorphic major histocompatibility complex class I-like molecules (CD1d), to iNKT cells. On the contrary, the mimetic 1 was conjugated to a multivalent peptide-based scaffold (compound 6) to induce NK cell activation...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555433/structural-and-activity-variability-of-fractions-with-different-charge-density-and-chain-length-from-pharmaceutical-heparins
#20
Yanlei Yu, Makoto Hirakane, Daisuke Mori, Lei Lin, Fuming Zhang, Hong Zhang, Robert J Linhardt
Heparin is a structurally complex polysaccharide used as a clinical anticoagulant. It is comprised of a heterogeneous mixture of polysaccharide chains having a variety of sequences and lengths. The production methods and regulatory controls of pharmaceutical heparins have changed over the years. This study assesses the structural and activity uniformity of the polysaccharide chains comprising two contemporary heparin products. The heparin fractions with different sizes and charges were separated with size exclusion and ion exchange chromatography...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
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