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Glycoconjugate Journal

Nikos A Afratis, Konstantina Karamanou, Zoi Piperigkou, Demitrios H Vynios, Achilleas D Theocharis
Glycosaminoglycans are integral part of the dynamic extracellular matrix (ECM) network that control crucial biochemical and biomechanical signals required for tissue morphogenesis, differentiation, homeostasis and cancer development. Breast cancer cells communicate with stromal ones to modulate ECM mainly through release of soluble effectors during cancer progression. The intracellular cross-talk between cell surface receptors and estrogen receptors is important for the regulation of breast cancer cell properties and production of ECM molecules...
October 24, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Daniela Beccati, Miroslaw Lech, Jennifer Ozug, Nur Sibel Gunay, Jing Wang, Elaine Y Sun, Joël R Pradines, Victor Farutin, Zachary Shriver, Ganesh V Kaundinya, Ishan Capila
Heparan sulfate (HS), a glycosaminoglycan present on the surface of cells, has been postulated to have important roles in driving both normal and pathological physiologies. The chemical structure and sulfation pattern (domain structure) of HS is believed to determine its biological function, to vary across tissue types, and to be modified in the context of disease. Characterization of HS requires isolation and purification of cell surface HS as a complex mixture. This process may introduce additional chemical modification of the native residues...
October 22, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Yin Chen, Megan Reddy, Yanlei Yu, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were prepared from the muscular stomach or gizzard of the chicken. The content of GAGs on a dry weight basis contains 0.4 wt.% a typical value observed for a muscle tissue. The major GAG components were chondroitin-6-sulfate and chondroitin-4-sulfate (~64 %) of molecular weight 21-22 kDa. Hyaluronan (~24 %) had a molecular weight 120 kDa. Smaller amounts (12 %) of heparan sulfate was also present which was made of more highly sulfated chains of molecular weight of 21-22 kDa and a less sulfated low molecular weight (< 10 kDa) heterogeneous partially degraded heparan sulfate...
October 17, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Manuela Viola, Kathrin Brüggemann, Evgenia Karousou, Ilaria Caon, Elena Caravà, Davide Vigetti, Burkhard Greve, Christian Stock, Giancarlo De Luca, Alberto Passi, Martin Götte
Proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans modulate numerous cellular processes relevant to tumour progression, including cell proliferation, cell-matrix interactions, cell motility and invasive growth. Among the glycosaminoglycans with a well-documented role in tumour progression are heparan sulphate, chondroitin/dermatan sulphate and hyaluronic acid/hyaluronan. While the mode of biosynthesis differs for sulphated glycosaminoglycans, which are synthesised in the ER and Golgi compartments, and hyaluronan, which is synthesized at the plasma membrane, these polysaccharides partially compete for common substrates...
October 15, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Li Hui Wu, Xiao Ting Shao, Jun Xia Guo, Hui Sun, Qi Chen, Jing Pan, Qian Qian Cai, Yi Wei Dong, Zhong Yi Chen, Xiao Mei Yan, Min Peng, Nanbert Zhong, Xing Zhong Wu
Sialic acid modification is a kind of post-translational modification. To investigate the regulation effect of sialic acid on neural differentiation, we used CycloManN propanyl perac (CycloManN pro), a metabolic precursor of sialic acid, to treat PC12 cells. We noted that CycloManN pro indeed robustly promoted global sialylation detected by MAL II lectin blot in PC12 cells. Simultaneously, we interestingly found that the neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells was significantly promoted by the CycloManN pro treatment...
October 10, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Jandhyam Srikanth, Rathinasamy Agalyadevi, Ponnusamy Babu
The site-specific quantitation of N- and O-glycosylation is vital to understanding the function(s) of different glycans expressed at a given site of a protein under physiological and disease conditions. Most commonly used precursor ion intensity based quantification method is less accurate and other labeled methods are expensive and require enrichment of glycopeptides. Here, we used glycopeptide product (y and Y0) ions and (18)O-labeling of C-terminal carboxyl group as a strategy to obtain quantitative information about fold-change and relative abundance of most of the glycoforms attached to the glycopeptides...
October 6, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Tadahisa Mikami, Hiroshi Kitagawa
Sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains are a class of long linear polysaccharides that are covalently attached to multiple core proteins to form proteoglycans (PGs). PGs are major pericellular and extracellular matrix components that surround virtually all mammalian cell surfaces, and create conducive microenvironments for a number of essential cellular events, such as cell adhesion, cell proliferation, differentiation, and cell fate decisions. The multifunctional properties of PGs are mostly mediated by their respective GAG moieties, including chondroitin sulfate (CS), heparan sulfate (HS), and keratan sulfate (KS) chains...
October 6, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Pratibha Dwivedi, Kunj B Mishra, Pritika, Bhuwan B Mishra, Vinod K Tiwari
The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of deoxy-azido sugars 1 with alkyne derivatives of p-vanillin, 3-methoxy-4-(prop-2-ynyloxy)benzaldehyde (2) and 2-methoxy-1-(prop-2-ynyloxy)-4-((prop-2-ynyloxy)methyl)benzene) (4) to afford regioselective triazole-linked vanillinglycoconjugates 5 and 6 was investigated in the presence of CuI/DIPEA in dichloromethane. All the developed glycoconjugates were characterized on the basis of IR, NMR, and MS. Graphical abstract Triazolyl vanillin glycoconjugates via click chemistry.
October 3, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Y Fujii, T Fujiwara, Y Koide, I Hasan, S Sugawara, S Rajia, S M A Kawsar, D Yamamoto, D Araki, R A Kanaly, Y Ogawa, H Fujita, Y Ozeki
An N-acetyl sugar-binding lectin (termed iNoL) displaying cytotoxic activity against human cancer cells was isolated from the slipper lobster Ibacus novemdentatus (family Scyllaridae). iNoL recognized monosaccharides containing N-acetyl group, and glycoproteins (e.g., BSM) containing oligosaccharides with N-acetyl sugar. iNoL was composed of five subunits (330, 260, 200, 140, and 30 kDa), which in turn consisted of 70-, 40-, and 30-kDa polypeptides held together by disulfide bonds. Electron microscopic observations and gel permeation chromatography indicated that iNoL was a huge (500-kDa) molecule and had a polygonal structure under physiological conditions...
September 22, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Yuriy A Knirel, Xi Guo, Sof'ya N Senchenkova, Andrei V Perepelov, Bin Liu, Alexander S Shashkov
Based on the O-specific polysaccharides of the lipopolysaccharides (O-polysaccharides, O-antigens), strains of a clonal species Escherichia coli are classified into 184 O serogroups. In this work, structures of the O-polysaccharides of E. coli O69 and O146 were elucidated and gene clusters for their biosynthesis were characterized. The O-polysaccharides were released from the lipopolysaccharides by mild acid hydrolysis and studied by sugar analysis and one- and two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy before and after O-deacetylation...
September 19, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Arun V Everest-Dass, Daniel Kolarich, Dana Pascovici, Nicolle H Packer
Human blood group polymorphisms are known to be determined by the expression of A, B or H antigens and the Lewis antigens. Protection against microbial infections has been associated with inheritance of polymorphisms in genes encoding and regulating the expression of ABH and Lewis antigens in bodily secretions and epithelial tissue surfaces, subsequently resulting in the presentation of different glycosylated terminal antigens on the cell surface. We investigated the role of blood group antigens in diversifying the glycosylation of buccal epithelial cells (BEC) that line the oral cavity...
September 17, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Dongdong Wang, DanXu, Yuelin Sun, Yuanyuan Wu, Lili Ma, Jinyou Duan
In this study, we synthesized a novel water-soluble low molecular chitosan (LMC) derivative through Vilsmeier reaction and reductive amination reaction. The derivative was characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, (1)H NMR, FTIR and SEM techniques. The results showed that the derivative effectively reduced the cell viability rate, inhibited cell metastasis, induced cell apoptosis and dissipated mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Moreover, the antitumor activity was strengthened with the increase of the degree of substitution of tanshinone I (TanI)...
September 15, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Konstantina Karamanou, Diana Carolina Restrepo Espinosa, Anneliese Fortuna-Costa, Mauro Sérgio Gonçalves Pavão
Glycosaminoglycans with unique sulfation patterns have been identified in different species of ascidians (sea squirts), a group of marine invertebrates of the Phylum Chordata, sub-phylum Tunicata (or Urochordata). Oversulfated dermatan sulfate composed of [4-α-L-IdoA-(2-O-SO3)(-1) → 3-β-D-GalNAc(4-OSO3)(-1)]n repeating disaccharide units is found in the extracellular matrix of several organs, where it seems to interact with collagen fibers. This dermatan sulfate co-localizes with a decorin-like protein, as indicated by immunohistochemical analysis...
September 10, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Suna Ji, Fang Wang, Yue Chen, Changwei Yang, Panwang Zhang, Xuebing Zhang, Frederic A Troy, Bing Wang
Recent studies have shown a relationship between the level of the sialic acid (Sia), N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) in red meat and its risk in cancer, cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Unresolved is the Sia concentration in different organs of piglets during development. Our aim was to determine the level of free and conjugated forms of Neu5Gc, N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and ketodeoxynonulsonic acid (Kdn) in fresh and cooked spleen, kidney, lung, heart, liver, and skeletal muscle from 3-days-old (n = 4-8), 38-days-old (n = 10) and adult piglets (n = 4) by LC-MS/MS...
September 9, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Helena Frey, Kristin Moreth, Louise Tzung-Harn Hsieh, Jinyang Zeng-Brouwers, Birgit Rathkolb, Helmut Fuchs, Valérie Gailus-Durner, Renato V Iozzo, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Liliana Schaefer
Secondary polycythemia, a disease characterized by a selective increase in circulating mature erythrocytes, is caused by enhanced erythropoietin (Epo) concentrations triggered by hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α). While mechanisms of hypoxia-dependent stabilization of HIF-2α protein are well established, data regarding oxygen-independent regulation of HIF-2α are sparse. In this study, we generated a novel transgenic mouse model, in which biglycan was constitutively overexpressed and secreted by hepatocytes (BGN (Tg)), thereby providing a constant source of biglycan released into the blood stream...
September 6, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Heshan Chen, Xiaosheng Luo, Saifeng Qiu, Wengjie Sun, Jianbo Zhang
A metal free and highly stereoselective procedure for the synthesis of 2,3-unsaturated-C-glycosides has been developed between glycals and unactivated aryl acetylenes in the presence of TMSOTf through a triflated C-vinyl glycosides intermediate. The flexibility of the procedure was tested by a wide variety of glycals and unactivated aryl acetylenes (20 examples). The corresponding alkynyl C-glycosides were obtained in good yields with completely α-selectivity in a short time (<25 min). And a plausible mechanism for the synthesis of alkynyl C-glycosides was depicted...
August 26, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Hongyan Li, Xin Liu, Yan Xu, Xiaoke Wang, Huajie Zhu
Two extracellular polysaccharides, designated as WPA and WPB, were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus aculeatus using Q-Sepharose fast flow and Sephacryl S-300 column chromatography. WPA composed of mannose and galactose in a molar ratio of 3.9:1.0, and WPB mainly contained mannose. The molecular weight of WPA and WPB was about 28.1 kDa and 21.0 kDa, respectively. On the basis of methylation and NMR analysis, the possible main chain of WPA was [→5)-β-D-Galf-(1 → 2,6)-α-D-Manp(1→], and WPB was mainly [→2,6)-α-D-Manp(1→], both with [α-D-Manp(1 → 2)-α-D-Manp(1 → 2)-α-D-Manp(1→] substituted at C-2 of [→2,6)-α-D-Manp(1→]...
August 24, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Ming-Yi Ho, Alice L Yu, John Yu
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) are composed of complex glycans linked to sphingosines and various fatty acid chains. Antibodies against several GSLs designated as stage-specific embryonic antigens (SSEAs), have been widely used to characterize differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells. In view of the cross-reactivities of these antibodies with multiple glycans, a few laboratories have employed advanced mass spectrometry (MS) technologies to define the dynamic changes of surface GSLs upon ES differentiation. However, the amphiphilic nature and heterogeneity of GSLs make them difficult to decipher...
August 22, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
V Lavanya, Neesar Ahmed, Md Khurshid Alam Khan, Shazia Jamal
Dietary lectins have been shown to affect the proliferation of human cancer cell lines. The anti-proliferative effects of lectins from varied sources have been extensively studied and in some cases, the underlying mechanism has been explored. Except for peanut agglutinin (PNA), the mitogenic effects of no other lectins have been studied in detail. In the present study, we have shown that jacalin, lectin purified from jackfruit (Artocarpus integrifolia) seeds act as a mitogen for K562, the Bcr-Abl expressing erythroleukemia cell line (K562) and the effect was found to be dose dependent...
August 19, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
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