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Glycoconjugate Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124565/glycosaminoglycans-from-fish-swim-bladder-isolation-structural-characterization-and-bioactive-potential
#1
Yongxi Pan, Peipei Wang, Fuming Zhang, Yanlei Yu, Xing Zhang, Lei Lin, Robert J Linhardt
The swim bladder of fish is an internal gas-filled organ that allows fish to control their buoyancy and swimming depth. Fish maws (the dried swim bladders of fish) have been used over many centuries as traditional medicines, tonics and a luxurious gourmet food in China and Southeast Asia. Little is known about the structural information of polysaccharides comprising this important functional material of fish tissue. In the present study, the total glycosaminoglycan (GAG) from fish maw was characterized. Two GAGs were identified, chondroitin sulfate (CS, having a molecular weight of 18-40 kDa) and heparan sulfate (HS), corresponding to 95% and 5% of the total GAG, respectively...
November 10, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105004/special-issue-glycobiology-on-stem-cells-editorial
#2
EDITORIAL
Toshisuke Kawasaki, Robert K Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063990/identification-and-biochemical-characterization-of-wbwb-a-novel-udp-gal-neu5ac-r-%C3%AE-1-4-galactosyltransferase-from-the-intestinal-pathogen-escherichia-coli-serotype-o104
#3
Diana Czuchry, Walter A Szarek, Inka Brockhausen
The intestinal pathogen Escherichia coli serotype O104:H4 (ECO104) can cause bloody diarrhea and haemolytic uremic syndrome. The ECO104 O antigen has the unique repeating unit structure [4Galα1-4Neu5,7,9Ac3α2-3Galβ1-3GalNAcβ1-], which includes the mammalian sialyl-T antigen as an internal structure. Previously, we identified WbwC from ECO104 as the β3Gal-transferase that synthesizes the T antigen, and showed that α3-sialyl-transferase WbwA transfers sialic acid to the T antigen. Here we identify the wbwB gene product as a unique α1,4-Gal-transferase WbwB that transfers Gal from UDP-Gal to the terminal sialic acid residue of Neu5Acα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAcα-diphosphate-lipid acceptor...
October 24, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039121/degradation-of-glycosphingolipids-in-oyster-ceramide-glycanase-and-ceramidase-in-the-hepatopancreas-of-oyster-crassostrea-virginica
#4
Nadejda V Pavlova, Su-Chen Li, Yu-Teh Li
The hepatopancreas of oyster, Crassostrea virginica, was found to contain two unique glycosphingolipid (GSL) cleaving enzymes, ceramide glycanase (CGase) and ceramidase. These two enzymes were found to be tightly associated together through the consecutive purification steps including gel filtration, hydrophobic interaction and cation-exchange chromatographies. They were separated only by preparatory SDS-PAGE. The purified CGase was found to have a molecular mass of 52 kDa and pH optimum of 3.2-3.3. This enzyme prefers to hydrolyze the acidic GSLs, II(3)SO3LacCer and gangliosides over the neutral GSLs...
October 16, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980094/podocalyxin-as-a-major-pluripotent-marker-and-novel-keratan-sulfate-proteoglycan-in-human-embryonic-and-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
REVIEW
Hidenao Toyoda, Yuko Nagai, Aya Kojima, Akiko Kinoshita-Toyoda
Podocalyxin (PC) was first identified as a heavily sialylated transmembrane protein of glomerular podocytes. Recent studies suggest that PC is a remarkable glycoconjugate that acts as a universal glyco-carrier. The glycoforms of PC are responsible for multiple functions in normal tissue, human cancer cells, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). PC is employed as a major pluripotent marker of hESCs and hiPSCs. Among the general antibodies for human PC, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81 recognize the keratan sulfate (KS)-related structures...
October 5, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971282/investigating-the-candidacy-of-the-serotype-specific-rhamnan-polysaccharide-based-glycoconjugates-to-prevent-disease-caused-by-the-dental-pathogen-streptococcus-mutans
#6
Frank St Michael, Qingling Yang, Chantelle Cairns, Evgeny Vinogradov, Perry Fleming, Alexander C Hayes, Annie Aubry, Andrew D Cox
Dental caries remains a major health issue and the Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus mutans is considered as the major pathogen causing caries. More recently, S. mutans has been recognised as a cause of endocarditis, ulcerative colitis and fatty acid liver disease along with the likelihood of increased cerebral hemorrhage following a stroke if S. mutans is present systemically. We initiated this study to examine the vaccine candidacy of the serotype specific polysaccharides elaborated by S. mutans. We have confirmed the carbohydrate structures for the serotype specific rhamnan containing polysaccharides from serotypes c, f and k...
October 2, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929266/brazilian-meningococcal-c-conjugate-vaccine-physicochemical-immunological-and-thermal-stability-characteristics
#7
Renata Chagas Bastos, Marilza Batista Corrêa, Iaralice Medeiros de Souza, Milton Neto da Silva, Denise da Silva Gomes Pereira, Fernanda Otaviano Martins, Camila da Silva Faria, Ana Paula Dinis Ano Bom, Maria de Lourdes Leal, Ellen Jessouroun, José Godinho da Silva, Ricardo de Andrade Medronho, Ivna Alana Freitas Brasileiro da Silveira
High temperature is known to cause some instability in polysaccharide-protein conjugated vaccines and studies under stress conditions may be useful in determining whether short-term accidental exposure to undesired conditions can compromise product quality. In this study, we examined the structural stability of three industrial batches of Brazilian Meningococcal C conjugate bulk (MPCT) incubated at 4, 37, and 55 °C for 5 weeks. The effect of exposure to the storage temperatures was monitored by HPLC-SEC, CZE, CD and NMR techniques...
September 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905280/enzymatic-synthesis-of-fucose-containing-galacto-oligosaccharides-using-%C3%AE-galactosidase-and-identification-of-novel-disaccharide-structures
#8
Anne Usvalampi, Hannu Maaheimo, Olli Tossavainen, Alexander D Frey
Fucosylated oligosaccharides have an important role in maintaining a healthy immune system and homeostatic gut microflora. This study employed a commercial β-galactosidase in the production of fucose-containing galacto-oligosaccharides (fGOS) from lactose and fucose. The production was optimized using experiment design and optimal conditions for a batch production in 3-liter scale. The reaction product was analyzed and the produced galactose-fucose disaccharides were purified. The structures of these disaccharides were determined using NMR and it was verified that one major product with the structure Galβ1-3Fuc and two minor products with the structures Galβ1-4Fuc and Galβ1-2Fuc were formed...
September 13, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905148/building-a-pgc-lc-ms-n-glycan-retention-library-and-elution-mapping-resource
#9
Jodie L Abrahams, Matthew P Campbell, Nicolle H Packer
Porous graphitised carbon-liquid chromatography (PGC-LC) has been proven to be a powerful technique for the analysis and characterisation of complex mixtures of isomeric and isobaric glycan structures. Here we evaluate the elution behaviour of N-glycans on PGC-LC and thereby provide the potential of using chromatographic separation properties, together with mass spectrometry (MS) fragmentation, to determine glycan structure assignments more easily. We used previously reported N-glycan structures released from the purified glycoproteins Immunoglobulin G (IgG), Immunoglobulin A (IgA), lactoferrin, α1-acid glycoprotein, Ribonuclease B (RNase B), fetuin and ovalbumin to profile their behaviour on capillary PGC-LC-MS...
September 13, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887741/effects-of-lectins-on-initial-attachment-of-cariogenic-streptococcus-mutans
#10
Takashi Ito, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Yasuyoshi Shiota, Yuki Ito, Tadashi Yamamoto, Shogo Takashiba
Oral bacteria initiate biofilm formation by attaching to tooth surfaces via an interaction of a lectin-like bacterial protein with carbohydrate chains on the pellicle. This study aimed to find naturally derived lectins that inhibit the initial attachment of a cariogenic bacterial species, Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), to carbohydrate chains in saliva in vitro. Seventy kinds of lectins were screened for candidate motifs that inhibit the attachment of S. mutans ATCC 25175 to a saliva-coated culture plate...
September 8, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752382/glyco-24-xxiv-international-symposium-on-glycoconjugates
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823097/epitope-mapping-of-histo-blood-group-antigens-bound-to-norovirus-vlps-using-std-nmr-experiments-reveals-fine-details-of-molecular-recognition
#12
Brigitte Fiege, Mila Leuthold, Francisco Parra, Kevin P Dalton, Peter J Meloncelli, Todd L Lowary, Thomas Peters
Attachment of human noroviruses to histo blood group antigens (HBGAs) is thought to be critical for the infection process. Therefore, we have determined binding epitopes of synthetic type 1 to 6 blood group A- and B-tetrasaccharides binding to GII.4 human Norovirus virus like particles (VLPs) using STD NMR experiments. So far, little information is available from crystal structure analysis studies on the interactions of the reducing-end sugars with the protruding domain (P-domain) of the viral coat protein VP1...
August 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823068/stress-affects-surface-glycoconjugates-of-the-rat-endometrium-at-the-time-of-implantation
#13
Elham Aliabadi, Zohreh Makoolati, Tahereh Talaei-Khozani, Fakhreddin Mesbah Ardekani
One of the treatments to infertility is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). In the course of IVF, fertilization rate can be improved through stress reduction. Probably one of the causes of low outcome of IVF is changes in uterine glycoconjugates that are first site of contact between blastocyst and uterus, due to stress, e.g., stress of injection. Thus, the study of the injectional stress effects on implantation period is very important to improve the outcome of IVF. Sixteen mature female rats were divided to experimental and control groups...
August 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822024/glycosaminoglycans-and-glycolipids-as-potential-biomarkers-in-lung-cancer
#14
Guoyun Li, Lingyun Li, Eun Ji Joo, Ji Woong Son, Young Jin Kim, Jae Ku Kang, Kyung Bok Lee, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt
In this report, we used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and Western blotting to analyze the content and structure of glycosaminoglycans, glycolipids and selected proteins to compare differences between patient-matched normal and cancerous lung tissues obtained from lung cancer patients. The cancer tissue samples contained over twice as much chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) as did the normal tissue samples, while the amount of heparan sulfate (HS) and hyaluronan (HA) in normal and cancer tissues were not significantly different...
August 18, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812216/an-overview-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-glycation-of-albumin-a-potential-disease-marker-in-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Km Neelofar, Jamal Ahmad
Non-enzymatic glycation of macromolecules, especially proteins leading to their oxidation is increased in diabetes mellitus due to hyperglycaemia and play an important role in associated complications of the disease. Protein glycation mostly occurs in intra chain lysine residues resulting in the formation of early stage Amadori products which are finally converted to advance glycation end products (AGEs). This review deals with the structural studies of in vitro and in vivo glycated human serum albumin (HSA)...
August 15, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808804/identification-of-a-new-liver-specific-c-type-mrna-transcriptional-variant-for-mouse-st3gal5-gm3-gm4-synthase
#16
Fumi Shishido, Satoshi Uemura, Takahiro Nitta, Jin-Ichi Inokuchi
GM3, a major lipid component of the plasma membrane outer leaflet in mammalian cells, is synthesized in the luminal side of Golgi by ST3GAL5 protein (ST3G5), a type II membrane protein. Two strains of St3Gal5 knockout mice have been established for studies of GM3 physiological function: St3Gal5-Ex5-KO (lacking exon 5, which contains the catalytic domain of ST3G5), and St3Gal5-Ex3-KO (lacking exon 3, which contains the initiation codons). Results of the present study demonstrate that GM3 synthesis is still present, at a low level, in liver of St3Gal5-Ex3-KO mice...
August 14, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624993/cancer-stem-cell-marker-glycosylation-nature-function-and-significance
#17
REVIEW
Brody W Mallard, Joe Tiralongo
Glycans are essential for the maintenance of normal biological function, with alterations in glycan expression being a hallmark of cancer. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subset of cells within a tumour capable of self-renewal, cellular differentiation and resistances to conventional therapies. As is the case with stem cells, marker proteins present on the cell surface are frequently used to identify and enrich CSCs, with the expression of these markers statistical correlating with the likelihood of cancer recurrence and overall patient survival...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616799/dolichol-phosphate-mannose-synthase-a-glycosyltransferase-with-unity-in-molecular-diversities
#18
REVIEW
Dipak K Banerjee, Zhenbo Zhang, Krishna Baksi, Jesús E Serrano-Negrón
N-glycans provide structural and functional stability to asparagine-linked (N-linked) glycoproteins, and add flexibility. Glycan biosynthesis is elaborative, multi-compartmental and involves many glycosyltransferases. Failure to assemble N-glycans leads to phenotypic changes developing infection, cancer, congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) among others. Biosynthesis of N-glycans begins at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with the assembly of dolichol-linked tetra-decasaccharide (Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-PP-Dol) where dolichol phosphate mannose synthase (DPMS) plays a central role...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597243/probing-the-catalytic-site-of-rabbit-muscle-glycogen-phosphorylase-using-a-series-of-specifically-modified-maltohexaose-derivatives
#19
Makoto Nakamura, Yasushi Makino, Chika Takagi, Tohru Yamagaki, Masaaki Sato
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) is an allosteric enzyme whose catalytic site comprises six subsites (SG1, SG-1, SG-2, SG-3, SG-4, and SP) that are complementary to tandem five glucose residues and one inorganic phosphate molecule, respectively. In the catalysis of GP, the nonreducing-end glucose (Glc) of the maltooligosaccharide substrate binds to SG1 and is then phosphorolyzed to yield glucose 1-phosphate. In this study, we probed the catalytic site of rabbit muscle GP using pyridylaminated-maltohexaose (Glcα1-4Glcα1-4Glcα1-4Glcα1-4Glcα1-4GlcPA, where GlcPA = 1-deoxy-1-[(2-pyridyl)amino]-D-glucitol]; abbreviated as PA-0) and a series of specifically modified PA-0 derivatives (Glc m -AltNAc-Glc n -GlcPA, where m + n = 4 and AltNAc is 3-acetoamido-3-deoxy-D-altrose)...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573337/immunological-characterization-of-a-rigid-%C3%AE-tn-mimetic-on-murine-inkt-and-human-nk-cells
#20
Silvia Fallarini, Alvaro Brittoli, Michele Fiore, Grazia Lombardi, Olivier Renaudet, Barbara Richichi, Cristina Nativi
The ability of a rigid α-Tn mimetic (compound 1) to activate murine invariant natural killer T (iNKT) and human natural killer (NK) cells, two subsets of lymphocytes involved in cancer immunesurveillance, was investigated. For this purpose, the mimetic 1 was properly conjugated to a stearic acid containing glycerol-based phospholipid (compound 5) to be presented, in the context of the conserved non polymorphic major histocompatibility complex class I-like molecules (CD1d), to iNKT cells. On the contrary, the mimetic 1 was conjugated to a multivalent peptide-based scaffold (compound 6) to induce NK cell activation...
August 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
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