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Food Microbiology

Caroline Vincent, Valentine Usongo, Chrystal Berry, Denise M Tremblay, Sylvain Moineau, Khadidja Yousfi, Florence Doualla-Bell, Eric Fournier, Céline Nadon, Lawrence Goodridge, Sadjia Bekal
Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is one of the top serovars causing human salmonellosis. This serovar ranks second and third among serovars that cause human infections in Québec and Canada, respectively, and has been associated with severe infections. Traditional typing methods such as PFGE do not display adequate discrimination required to resolve outbreak investigations due to the low level of genetic diversity of isolates belonging to this serovar. This study evaluates the ability of four whole genome sequence (WGS)-based typing methods to differentiate among 145 S...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Marcelo Valle Garcia, Gilson Parussolo, Camila Brombilla Moro, Angélica Olivier Bernardi, Marina Venturini Copetti
The aim of this study was to identify fungal species present in 200 samples of rosemary, fennel, cinnamon, clove, pepperoni, black and white pepper and oregano and evaluate the mycotoxigenic potential of the some Aspergilli isolated. Clove, black and white peppers were analyzed by direct plating. For rosemary, cinnamon, fennel, pepperoni pepper and oregano samples were used spread plate. Mycotoxigenic capacity was verified by the agar plug method. With the exception of clove, all the spices showed high fungal contamination, especially by Aspergillus sp...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Mirella Luciani, Maria Schirone, Ottavio Portanti, Pierina Visciano, Gisella Armillotta, Rosanna Tofalo, Giovanna Suzzi, Luigia Sonsini, Tiziana Di Febo
In this study, a new and alternative method based on monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for the rapid detection of Yersinia enterocolitica O:8 was developed. This microorganism is an emerging foodborne pathogen causing gastrointestinal disease in humans. The transmission can occur through contaminated food such as raw or undercooked meat, milk and dairy products, water and fresh vegetables. Nine MAbs (46F7, 54B11, 54C11, 62D10, 64C7, 64C10, 72E8, 72E10, 72G6) were characterized and selected versus Y. enterocolitica O:8, and only 2 of them showed also a weak cross-reaction with Campylobacter jejuni...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Ganyu Gu, Andrea Ottesen, Samantha Bolten, Padmini Ramachandran, Elizabeth Reed, Steve Rideout, Yaguang Luo, Jitendra Patel, Eric Brown, Xiangwu Nou
Fresh produce, like spinach, harbors diverse bacterial populations, including spoilage and potentially pathogenic bacteria. This study examined the effects of produce washing in chlorinated water and subsequent storage on the microbiota of spinach. Baby spinach leaves from a commercial fresh-cut produce processor were assessed before and after washing in chlorinated water, and then after one week's storage at 4, 10, and 15 °C. Microbial communities on spinach were analyzed by non-selective plating, qPCR, and 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Juan M Martínez, Carlota Delso, Diederich Aguilar, Guillermo Cebrián, Ignacio Álvarez, Javier Raso
The influence of temperature (7-43 °C), pH (3.5-7.0) and ethanol concentration (6-25%) on PEFinduced autolysis and the release of mannose from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Changes in the release of intracellular compounds absorbing at 260 nm and 280 nm depended on storage conditions and differed among untreated and PEF-treated cells. For untreated cells, the increase of the Abs260 and Abs280 values during 3 weeks of storage was very low when incubated in media of different pH, different ethanol concentrations, or at 7° and 25 °C...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Walid M Al-Rousan, Amin N Olaimat, Tareq M Osaili, Anas A Al-Nabulsi, Radwan Y Ajo, Richard A Holley
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the antimicrobial action of different concentrations of acetic (0.3% and 0.4%) or citric (1% and 1.4%) acids and their combinations (1% citric acid plus 0.4% acetic acid and 1.4% citric acid plus 0.3% acetic acid) against Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus in tabbouleh salad stored at 21, 10 and 4 °C. Acetic acid was more inhibitory toward S. Typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7 than citric acid at 21 °C; S. Typhimurium and E...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Eugenio Parente, Teresa Zotta, Karoline Faust, Francesca De Filippis, Danilo Ercolini
The structure of microbial association networks was investigated for seventeen studies on food bacterial communities using the CoNet app. The results were compared with those for host and environmental microbiomes. Microbial association networks of food bacterial communities shared several properties with those of host microbiomes, although they were less complex and lacked a scale-free, small world structure that is characteristic of environmental microbial communities. This may depend on both the initial contamination pattern, whose main source is the raw material microbiome, and on the copiotrophic nature of food environments, with lack of well defined, specific niches...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Brendan D Smith, Benoit Divol
The wine matrix contains limited carbon compounds to sustain microbial life. Brettanomyces bruxellensis is one of very few yeast species that has adapted to this environment. Indeed, the presence of growth-inhibiting compounds and conditions do not prevent its proliferation. Literature regarding the nutritional requirements of this yeast is surprisingly poor, given the observation that B. bruxellensis produces biomass with apparently less nutrients than other yeasts. In this study, various carbon sources were screened in a synthetic wine medium, under anaerobic and semi-aerobic growth conditions, in order to determine which compounds B...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Joaquín Cicotello, Irma V Wolf, Luisa D'Angelo, Daniela M Guglielmotti, Andrea Quiberoni, Viviana B Suárez
The ability of twelve strains belonging to three Leuconostoc species (Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Leuconostoc lactis and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides) to grow under diverse sub-lethal technological stress conditions (cold, acidic, alkaline and osmotic) was evaluated in MRS broth. Two strains, Leuconostoc lactis Ln N6 and Leuconostoc mesenteroides Ln MB7, were selected based on their growth under sub-lethal conditions, and volatile profiles in RSM (reconstituted skim milk) at optimal and under stress conditions were analyzed...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
David Laureys, Maarten Aerts, Peter Vandamme, Luc De Vuyst
Eight water kefir fermentation series differing in the presence of oxygen, the nutrient concentration, and the nutrient source were studied during eight consecutive backslopping steps. The presence of oxygen allowed the proliferation of acetic acid bacteria, resulting in high concentrations of acetic acid, and decreased the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium aquikefiri. Low nutrient concentrations resulted in slow water kefir fermentation and high pH values, which allowed the growth of Comamonas testosteroni/thiooxydans...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
A F Andeta, D Vandeweyer, F Woldesenbet, F Eshetu, A Hailemicael, F Woldeyes, S Crauwels, B Lievens, J Ceusters, K Vancampenhout, L Van Campenhout
Enset (Ensete ventricosum) provides staple food for 15 million people in Ethiopia after fermentation into kocho. The fermentation process has hardly been investigated and is prone to optimization. The aim of this study was to investigate the physicochemical and microbial dynamics of fermentation practices in the Gamo highlands. These practices show local variation, but two steps were omnipresent: scraping of the pseudostem and fermenting it in a pit or a bamboo basket. Enset plants were fragmented and fermented for two months in order to investigate the physicochemical (temperature, moisture content, pH and titratable acidity) and microbial dynamics (total viable aerobic counts, counts of Enterobacteriaceae, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts and moulds and Clostridium spores counts, and Illumina Miseq sequencing)...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Tiffany Malleck, Guillaume Daufouy, Stéphane André, Véronique Broussolle, Stella Planchon
Temperatures encountered in cannery allow growth of thermophilic spore-forming bacteria, including the strictly anaerobe Moorella thermoacetica, which grows optimally from 55 °C to 65 °C and is the main cause of spoilage of low-acid canned foods (LACFs) at high temperature. Resistance to wet-heat, biocides and UV-C of spores formed at different temperatures was assessed either for a selection of M. thermoacetica strains or for the strain M. thermoacetica ATCC 39073. Spores formed at 45 °C were significantly more sensitive to wet-heat than spores produced at 55 °C, while spores produced at 65 °C were as heat-resistant as spores produced at 55 °C...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Carolina N Gomes, Jaqueline Passaglia, Felipe P Vilela, Fátima M H S Pereira da Silva, Sheila S Duque, Juliana P Falcão
Campylobacter spp. have been the most commonly reported gastrointestinal bacterial pathogen in many countries. Consumption of improperly prepared poultry meat has been the main transmission route of Campylobacter spp. Although Brazil is the largest exporter of poultry meat in the world, campylobacteriosis has been a neglected disease in the country. The aim of this study was to characterize 50 Campylobacter coli strains isolated from different sources in Brazil regarding the frequency of 16 virulence genes and their survival capability under five different stress conditions...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Haiying Cai, Ting Zhang, Qi Zhang, Jie Luo, Chenggang Cai, Jianwei Mao
Chinese sweet rice wine (CSRW) is a popular alcoholic drink in China. To investigate the effect of the microbial composition in CSRW starters on the final quality of the alcoholic drink, high-throughput sequencing on the fungal internal transcribed spacer II and bacterial 16S rRNA gene of the microflora in 8 starter samples was performed. The sequencing data analysis showed that 10 genera of yeasts and mold, and 11 genera of bacteria were identified. Fungal diversity analyses showed the significant variances in the fungal compositions among the starter samples...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Saud Alanazi, Maryam Alnoman, Saeed Banawas, Ryoichi Saito, Mahfuzur R Sarker
C. perfringens type A is the causative agent of C. perfringens type A food poisoning (FP) and non-food-borne (NFB) human gastrointestinal diseases. Due to its ability to form highly heat-resistant spores, it is of great interest to develop strategies alternative to thermal processing to inactivate C. perfrinegens. Thus, in this study we evaluated the inhibitory effects of essential oil constituents (EOCs) (cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), and carvacrol) against germination, outgrowth and vegetative growth of spores of C...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Marília Gonçalves Cattelan, Yara Paula de Oliveira Nishiyama, Tânia Maria Vinturim Gonçalves, Alexandre Rodrigo Coelho
There is a broad research interest in the search for alternatives to chemical additives for use as natural food preservatives. Although many natural compounds have biological in vitro properties evidenced, in situ studies are still scarce. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) and salt (NaCl) concentrations against Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739), in salad dressing, using the response surface methodology. The experiment included a 22 central composite rotatable design (CCRD) in a total of 11 formulations of salad dressings...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Antonio Alfonzo, Raimondo Gaglio, Alessandro Miceli, Nicola Francesca, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Giancarlo Moschetti, Luca Settanni
Microbiological, chemical and physical parameters of minimally processed red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) subjected to two different transformation processes were investigated. A classic ready-to-eat (RTE) process (P1) and a production without cutting (P2) were monitored during refrigerated (4 °C) storage (15 d). Total mesophilic microorganisms, total psychrotrophic microorganisms and pseudomonads were detected at the highest cell densities in all samples. Presumptive Pseudomonas population dominated the cultivable microbial community of RTE red chicory and were characterized genetically...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
David I Walker, Andrew Younger, Louise Stockley, Craig Baker-Austin
A wide variety of pathogenic agents such as bacteria, viruses and parasites can be greatly concentrated in filter feeding bivalve molluscan shellfish (BMS), that are grown in faecally contaminated waters. Human health risks associated with the consumption of BMS are also compounded by the traditional pattern of consuming them raw or lightly cooked. Because of these well-established food safety risks, food legislation such as that in Europe stipulates that BMS production areas are monitored for faecal contamination and classified accordingly...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Fernanda B Campagnollo, Larissa P Margalho, Bruna A Kamimura, Marcelo D Feliciano, Luisa Freire, Letícia S Lopes, Verônica O Alvarenga, Vasco A P Cadavez, Ursula Gonzales-Barron, Donald W Schaffner, Anderson S Sant'Ana
Artisanal raw milk cheeses are highly appreciated dairy products in Brazil and ensuring their microbiological safety has been a great need. This study reports the isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains with anti-listerial activity, and their effects on Listeria monocytogenes during refrigerated shelf-life of soft Minas cheese and ripening of semi-hard Minas cheese. LAB strains (n = 891) isolated from Minas artisanal cheeses (n = 244) were assessed for anti-listerial activity by deferred antagonism assay at 37 °C and 7 °C...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
E Cabrera-Díaz, L Martínez-Chávez, J Sánchez-Camarena, J A Muñiz-Flores, A Castillo, P Gutiérrez-González, S M Arvizu-Medrano, D G González-Aguilar, N E Martínez-Gonzáles
Simultaneous and individual enumeration of Salmonella, Shigella and Listeria monocytogenes was compared on inoculated Roma tomatoes and Serrano peppers using an Most Probable Number (MPN) technique. Samples consisting of tomatoes (4 units) or peppers (8 units) were individually inoculated with a cocktail of three strains of Salmonella, Shigella or L. monocytogenes, or by simultaneous inoculation of three strains of each pathogen, at low (1.2-1.7 log CFU/sample) and high (2.2-2.7 log CFU/sample) inocula. Samples were analyzed by an MPN technique using universal pre-enrichment (UP) broth at 35 °C for 24 ± 2 h...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
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