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Heart and Vessels

Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Daisuke Hotta, Ryota Nomura, Yusuke Nakagaki, Takeo Murahashi, Kenji Kamiyama, Tetsuyuki Yoshimoto, Takeshi Aoki, Shinya Tanaka
Human and animal studies have revealed a stabilization of atherosclerotic plaques by statins. However, the stabilization of human carotid plaques has not been thoroughly described pathologically. This analysis explored the relationship between statin therapy and plaque stability in carotid endarterectomy (CEA) specimens. We analyzed specimens harvested between May 2015 and February 2017, from 79 consecutive patients presenting with > 70% carotid artery stenoses, of whom 66 were untreated (group 1) and 13 treated (group 2) with a statin...
May 22, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Tetsuji Morishita, Hiroyasu Uzui, Akira Nakano, Yoshitomo Fukuoka, Hiroyuki Ikeda, Naoki Amaya, Kenichi Kaseno, Kentaro Ishida, Jong-Dae Lee, Hiroshi Tada
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships among the traditional risk factors, lipid profile, and pentraxin-3 in stable angina (SAP). Plasma pentraxin-3 and serum LDL, HDL, and high-sensitivity CRP levels were measured in 163 SAP and 28 non-coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Their relationships with five risk factors, hypertension (HT), dyslipidemia (DL), diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity (body mass index: BMI > 25 kg/m2 ), and high age (> 75 years), were evaluated. No significant difference was observed in the pentraxin-3 level between patients in SAP and in non-CAD [2...
May 22, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Angela Pucci, Claudia Mattioli, Marco Matteucci, Daniele Lorenzini, Francesca Panvini, Simone Pacini, Chiara Ippolito, Michele Celiento, Andrea De Martino, Amelio Dolfi, Beatrice Belgio, Uberto Bortolotti, Fulvio Basolo, Giovanni Bartoloni
Cardiac myxomas are rare tumors with a heterogeneous cell population including properly neoplastic (lepidic), endothelial and smooth muscle cells. The assessment of neoplastic (lepidic) cell differentiation pattern is rather difficult using conventional light microscopy immunohistochemistry and/or whole tissue extracts for mRNA analyses. In a preliminary study, we investigated 20 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded cardiac myxomas by means of conventional immunohistochemistry; in 10/20 cases, cell differentiation was also analyzed by real-time RT-PCR after laser capture microdissection of the neoplastic cells, whereas calretinin and endothelial antigen CD31 immunoreactivity was localized in 4/10 cases by double immunofluorescence confocal microscopy...
May 22, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Kenichiro Otsuka, Koki Nakanishi, Kenei Shimada, Haruo Nakamura, Hitoshi Inanami, Hiroki Nishioka, Kohei Fujimoto, Noriaki Kasayuki, Minoru Yoshiyama
Sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTnI) predicts all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in various clinical settings. However, its clinical significance in hemodialysis (HD) patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has not been fully elucidated. This study investigated the association of cTnI with LV morphology and function, and its long-term outcome in HD patients with preserved LVEF. This prospective study consists of 96 HD patients with preserved LVEF (69 ± 8 years and 63% male) who underwent two-dimensional echocardiographic examination and biomarker tests including cTnI, brain natriuretic peptide, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein...
May 22, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Christiane Pees, Julian A Heno, Gabriele Häusler, Diana-Alexandra Ertl, Talin Gulesserian, Ina Michel-Behnke
Turner syndrome (TS) is a common genetic disorder in females with high incidence of ascending aortic dilatation and even dissection occurring as early as in the second decade. Known risk factors (RF) are bicuspid aortic valves (BAV), coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and arterial hypertension. Since 10% of dissections occur in patients without RF, an intrinsic aortic wall abnormality has been postulated. This study aimed to investigate the elasticity of the ascending aorta as a surrogate marker of aortic wall texture...
May 18, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Marco Loffi, Petr Tousek, Tomas Budesinsky, Libor Lisa, Andrea Santangelo, Petr Widimsky, Viktor Kocka
This study assessed the Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) impact on the coronary flow in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after bioresorbable scaffold implantation. Only few data about OCT use in STEMI are available and coronary flow before and after OCT is not well studied yet. 54 patients with OCT performed at the end of procedure from the Prague 19 trial were selected and coronary flow was evaluated as TIMI frame count (TFC) before and just after OCT. Significant increase in TIMI frame count after OCT [from 9...
May 18, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Masataka Ogiso, Toshiaki Isogai, Ken Kato, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Tamotsu Tejima, Eiji Isozaki
Cardiac involvement in muscular dystrophy (MD) is known to cause heart failure (HF). However, little is known about the differences in electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings between MD patients with and without the experience of hospitalization for HF. We retrospectively identified 95 MD patients (mean age at diagnosis of MD 41.1 ± 18.7 years; males 64.2%), including nine (9.4%) patients who were hospitalized for HF (the HF group) and 86 (90.6%) patients who were not (the non-HF group) during the follow-up period (16...
May 15, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Motoyuki Kumagai, Kenji Minakata, Hidetoshi Masumoto, Masaya Yamamoto, Atsushi Yonezawa, Takafumi Ikeda, Kyokun Uehara, Kazuhiro Yamazaki, Tadashi Ikeda, Kazuo Matsubara, Masayuki Yokode, Akira Shimizu, Yasuhiko Tabata, Ryuzo Sakata, Kenji Minatoya
This study investigated the safety and efficacy of a sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) with biodegradable gelatin hydrogel sheets as therapeutic angiogenesis in canine chronic myocardial infarction (MI) models. Canine chronic MI model was induced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery and its diagonal branches. At 4 week post-induction, we applied either saline (Control group, n = 5) or 200 μg of bFGF (Treatment group, n = 6) soaked gelatin hydrogel sheets on the ischemic area of the left ventricular (LV) wall...
May 14, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Masahiko Noguchi, Junya Ako, Takeshi Morimoto, Yosuke Homma, Takashi Shiga, Kotaro Obunai, Hiroyuki Watanabe
Door to balloon (D2B) time was reported an important factor of the clinical outcome of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). D2B time is influenced by various factors; however, modifiable factors have not been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study was to identify modifiable factors associated with prolonged D2B time. We historically included 239 consecutive STEMI patients who visited emergency department and underwent primary PCI between April 2013 and September 2016...
May 7, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Satoshi Fujita, Eitaro Fujii, Yoshihiko Kagawa, Katsuhiro Inoue, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Masaaki Ito
It is important to visually confirm radiofrequency ablation lesions during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation for procedural efficiency, which requires the integration of a three-dimensional (3D) left atrial image reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) or a magnetic resonance imaging. However, an EP Navigator allows seamless integration of 3D anatomy obtained through 3D rotational angiography (3D-ATG) into an electroanatomical mapping system. We hypothesized that 3D-ATG can be used during AF ablation while significantly reducing the effective dose (ED) and without compromising image morphology compared to a 3D-CT image...
May 7, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Ilona Korzonek-Szlacheta, Bartosz Hudzik, Justyna Nowak, Janusz Szkodzinski, Jolanta Nowak, Mariusz Gąsior, Barbara Zubelewicz-Szkodzinska
There is little published data on the association of platelet function and 25(OH)D concentration. We investigated the associations between mean platelet volume (MPV) and 25(OH)D concentration in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Study population was divided into three groups: group 1-25(OH)D < 10 ng/mL (N = 22), group 2-25(OH)D 10-20 ng/mL (N = 42), and group 3-25(OH)D > 20 ng/mL (N = 14). Study groups shared similar demographics. MPV values were the highest in group 1, moderate in group 2, and the lowest in group 3 (11...
May 3, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Mareomi Hamada, Akiyoshi Ogimoto, Kiyotaka Ohshima, Shigehiro Miyazaki, Norio Kubota, Shuntarto Ikeda, Yuji Shigematsu
The influence of shunts between the coronary artery (CA) and the left ventricle (LV), on chest pain (CP) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is unknown. We examined the incidence of CA-LV shunts and their influence on CP in HCM patients. Twenty normal control subjects (NCS), 3 with CP due to CA-LV shunts (CP patients), and 60 with HCM participated. Interventricular septal wall thickness (IVST), LV posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), cardiac and stroke indexes (CI and SI), LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), and proximal diameters of the CA were measured...
May 2, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Maura M Zylla, Henrike A K Hillmann, Tanja Proctor, Meinhard Kieser, Eberhard Scholz, Edgar Zitron, Hugo A Katus, Dierk Thomas
The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) was introduced to provide protection from sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with transiently elevated risk or during ongoing risk stratification. Benefits and clinical characteristics of routine WCD use remain to be assessed in larger patient populations. This study aims to identify determinants of WCD compliance, therapies, and inappropriate alarms in a real-life cohort. A total of 106 cases (68.9% male) were included between 11/2010 and 04/2016. WCD therapies, automatically recorded arrhythmia episodes, inappropriate WCD alarms, patient compliance, and outcome after WCD prescription were analyzed...
May 2, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Tazuru Igarashi, Shinichi Niwano, Hiroe Niwano, Tomoharu Yoshizawa, Hironori Nakamura, Hidehira Fukaya, Tamami Fujiishi, Naruya Ishizue, Akira Satoh, Jun Kishihara, Masami Murakami, Junya Ako
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have recently been reported to exhibit additional cardioprotective effects; however, their effect in atrial remodeling, such as in atrial fibrillation (AF), remains unclear. In this study, the effect of linagliptin on atrial electrical and structural remodeling was evaluated in a canine AF model. Sixteen beagle dogs with 3-week atrial rapid stimulation were divided into the linagliptin group (9 mg/kg/day, n = 8) and pacing control group (n = 8). Three additional dogs without rapid pacing were assigned into non-pacing group, which was used as sham in this study...
May 2, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Ryosuke Higuchi, Tetsuya Tobaru, Kenichi Hagiya, Mike Saji, Itaru Takamisawa, Jun Shimizu, Nobuo Iguchi, Shuichiro Takanashi, Morimasa Takayama, Mitsuaki Isobe
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been established as a low-invasive therapy for aortic stenosis, but circulatory collapse necessitating mechanical circulatory support could occur during TAVI due to procedure itself or procedural complications. The purpose of this study is to describe the outcomes of patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in TAVI. Among 384 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI from April 2010 to July 2017 in Sakakibara Heart Institute, we evaluated seven patients (1...
May 2, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Atsushi Doi, Masahiko Takagi, Hisashi Katayama, Tomotaka Yoshiyama, Yusuke Hayashi, Hiroaki Tatsumi, Minoru Yoshiyama
Abnormal P-wave characteristics were reportedly associated with left ventricular interstitial fibrosis as defined by cardiac magnetic resonance images. The objective of this study is to investigate the utility of P-wave characteristics to predict atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence and the recovery of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) after catheter ablation (CA) for AF. Two hundred and five AF patients (109 paroxysmal and 96 persistent) who underwent CA were enrolled. We measured maximum P-wave duration (max PWD) and P-wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTFV1) calculated as a product of P-wave terminal amplitude (PTaV1) and duration (PTdV1) in lead V1 during sinus rhythm...
April 30, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Yoshitaka Okabe, Kanichi Otowa, Yasuhito Mitamura, Hisayoshi Murai, Soichiro Usui, Shuichi Kaneko, Masayuki Takamura
Estimation of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) is considered to be an established method by which to assess stable coronary artery stenosis. Induction of maximal coronary hyperemia is important during the FFR procedure. Papaverine has been reported to increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA). The purpose of the present study was to discover predictors of papaverine-induced VAs developing during FFR measurement. A total of 213 clinically stable patients were included in the study. FFRs were determined after intracoronary papaverine administration (12 mg into the left and 8 mg into the right coronary arteries)...
April 30, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Beibei Han, Yongguang Li, Zhifeng Dong, Qing Wan, Hong Shen, Jingbo Li, Meng Wei, Chengxing Shen
Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) are at high risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). However, the risk factors of CIN in AMI patients with preserved LVEF remain largely unknown now. The present study explored the relationship between LV diastolic function and CIN in this patient cohort. The present prospective cohort study enrolled 379 AMI patients with preserved LVEF (≥ 50%) who underwent emergency percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI)...
April 27, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Satoshi Higuchi, Makoto Suzuki, Yu Horiuchi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Mike Saji, Hideaki Yoshino, Ken Nagao, Takeshi Yamamoto, Morimasa Takayama
Recent randomized clinical trials have questioned the clinical benefits of thrombus aspiration (TA) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Real-world data on TA and the efficacy of TA for various culprit lesions have not been sufficiently evaluated. This study mainly aimed to evaluate whether the clinical impact of TA depends on culprit lesions in the setting of STEMI. We surveyed the Tokyo Coronary Care Unit Network Registry, a prospective cohort study, between 2010 and 2014, which included 10,232 patients with STEMI...
April 27, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Gang Su, Guangli Sun, Hai Liu, Liliang Shu, Zhenxing Liang
Several miRNAs have been demonstrated to be involved in endothelial dysfunction during atherosclerosis (AS). However, the detailed roles and underlying mechanisms of miR-34a in AS-associated endothelial cell apoptosis are far from being addressed. Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/- ) mice fed with high-fat diet (HFD) were used as in vivo model of AS. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-treated human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were applied as in vitro model of AS. The effects of miR-34a on atherosclerotic lesions were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Oil Red O staining...
April 27, 2018: Heart and Vessels
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