journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Echocardiography

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612508/incremental-benefit-of-three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-the-assessment-of-a-primary-pericardial-hemangioma
#1
Mohammed J Arisha, Ming C Hsiung, Navin C Nanda, Ahmed ElKaryoni, Ahmed H Mohamed, Jeng Wei
Hemangiomas are rarely found in the heart and pericardial involvement is even more rare. We report a case of primary pericardial hemangioma, in which three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) provided incremental benefit over standard two-dimensional images. Our case also highlights the importance of systematic cropping of the 3D datasets in making a diagnosis of pericardial hemangioma with a greater degree of certainty. In addition, we also provide a literature review of the features of cardiac/pericardial hemangiomas in a tabular form...
June 13, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612452/unusual-interatrial-membrane-in-the-left-atrium-a-newer-obstacle-for-transseptal-based-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-techniques
#2
Antonio Popolo Rubbio, Sarah Mangiafico, Salvatore Scandura, Sergio Buccheri, Marco Barbanti, Giuseppe Ronsivalle, Maria Elena Di Salvo, Marta Chiarandà, Tatiana Salerno, Anna Caggegi, Sandra Giaquinta, Davide Capodanno, Carmelo Grasso, Corrado Tamburino
We present a case of a patient with severe mitral regurgitation referred to our Institution for an echocardiographic examination as part of the routine workup to assess the eligibility for mitral valve percutaneous repair with either the MitraClip or Cardioband systems. Echocardiography showed the presence of an unusual interatrial membrane in the left atrium that represented a contraindication for the puncture of the interatrial septum. The patient was finally deferred to percutaneous mitral valve replacement using transapical access...
June 13, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600838/usefulness-of-three-dimensional-echocardiography-in-the-assessment-of-valvular-involvement-in-loeffler-endocarditis
#3
Carlos M Hernandez, Mohammed J Arisha, Amier Ahmad, Ethan Oates, Navin C Nanda, Anil Nanda, Anita Wasan, Beda E Caleti, Cinthia L P Bernal, Sergio M Gallardo
Loeffler endocarditis is a complication of hypereosinophilic syndrome resulting from eosinophilic infiltration of heart tissue. We report a case of Loeffler endocarditis in which three-dimensional transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography provided additional information to what was found by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography alone. Our case illustrates the usefulness of combined two- and three-dimensional echocardiography in the assessment of Loeffler endocarditis. In addition, a summary of the features of hypereosinophilic syndrome and Loeffler endocarditis is provided in tabular form...
June 9, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600804/noninvasive-pulmonary-transit-time-a-new-parameter-for-general-cardiac-performance
#4
Anouk G W de Lepper, Ingeborg H F Herold, Salvatore Saporito, R Arthur Bouwman, Massimo Mischi, Hendrikus H M Korsten, Koen D Reesink, Patrick Houthuizen
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary transit time (PTT) assessed with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a novel tool to evaluate cardiac function. PTT represents the time for a bolus of contrast to pass from the right to the left ventricle, measured according to the indicator dilution principles using CEUS. We investigated the hypothesis that PTT is a measure of general cardiac performance in patient populations eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). METHODS: The study population consisted of heart failure patients referred for CRT with NYHA class II-IV, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤35% and QRS≥120 ms...
June 9, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593726/the-evolution-of-basal-septal-hypertrophy-from-benign-and-age-related-normal-variant-to-potentially-obstructive-and-symptomatic-cardiomyopathy
#5
REVIEW
Anthony C Pearson
Localized thickening of the basal portion of the ventricular septum or basal septal hypertrophy (BSH) has been identified both at autopsy and by imaging studies for decades; despite numerous investigations, there is no consensus on the significance of this finding and a remarkable lack of consistency in terminology. This paper summarizes the scientific literature on the topic, focusing on recent echocardiographic findings. A case description illustrating some of the complex issues involved in measurement and diagnosis and differentiation from sigmoidal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is presented...
June 8, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589708/modified-continuity-equation-using-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-three-dimensional-imaging-for-aortic-valve-area-estimation
#6
Pedro Pinto Teixeira, Ruben Ramos, Pedro Rio, Luísa Moura Branco, Guilherme Portugal, Ana Abreu, Ana Galrinho, Hugo Marques, Luísa Figueiredo, Rui Cruz Ferreira
PURPOSE: Aortic valve area (AVA) is usually estimated by the continuity equation (CE) in which the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) area is calculated assuming a circular shape. This study aimed to compare measurements of LVOT area using standard 2D transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE), 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE), and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and assess their relative impact on AVA estimated by the CE. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively enrolled 60 patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) who systematically underwent 2DTTE, 3DTEE, and MDCT...
June 7, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589566/prevalence-of-optimal-valve-morphology-for-mitraclip-in-patients-with-mitral-regurgitation
#7
Juan Manuel Monteagudo Ruiz, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Dolores Mesa, Teresa González-Alujas, Marta Sitges, Fernando Carrasco-Chinchilla, Chi-Hion Li, Antonio Grande-Trillo, Amparo Martínez, Javier Matabuena, David Alonso-Rodríguez, Iolanda Aquila, José Luis Zamorano
AIMS: To evaluate how often patients with moderate-to-severe or severe mitral regurgitation (MR) meet the anatomical criteria for MitraClip implant and to examine the role of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for this task. METHODS AND RESULTS: From February to June 2015, all patients undergoing a TTE in nine Spanish hospitals were prospectively included. Patients with moderate-to-severe and severe mitral regurgitation were selected for analysis. Anatomical eligibility criteria for MitraClip were defined according to the EVEREST trial...
June 7, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573824/bone-cement-cardiac-and-pulmonary-embolism
#8
Tomás F Cianciulli, Diego E Mc Loughlin, Luis A Morita, María C Saccheri, Jorge A Lax
This case describes a complication of bone cement use. A 65-year-old male patient with back spine trauma caused by a fall, underwent a percutaneous vertebroplasty. Five years later, he consulted for palpitations, and the electrocardiogram showed supraventricular arrhythmia. A transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography showed a hyperechogenic linear structure of 7 cm length, running from the lateral wall of the right ventricle to the right atrium through the tricuspid valve. This foreign body, which was suspicious for bone cement embolism, appeared rigid and was attached at the lateral wall of the right ventricle, with its proximal end free in the right atrium...
June 1, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573739/apical-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-with-left-ventricular-apical-aneurysm-importance-of-multi-modality-imaging
#9
Nisharahmed Kherada, Juan M Vinardell, Christos G Mihos, Orlando Santana
Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an uncommon variant of HCM characterized by apical hypertrophy without the septal predominance seen in the majority of HCM cases. In 2% of patients, a concomitant left ventricular apical aneurysm is observed, which increases the risk of sudden death and adverse HCM-related events. Multimodality imaging is helpful for appropriate identification of this particular morphologic pattern. Herein, we present a case of apical HCM with a left ventricular apical aneurysm, exemplifying the utility of a multimodality approach from resting electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiogram, left ventriculography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, for proper risk stratification and treatment planning...
June 1, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573718/automatic-detection-of-end-diastolic-and-end-systolic-frames-in-2d-echocardiography
#10
Massoud Zolgharni, Madalina Negoita, Niti M Dhutia, Michael Mielewczik, Karikaran Manoharan, S M Afzal Sohaib, Judith A Finegold, Stefania Sacchi, Graham D Cole, Darrel P Francis
BACKGROUND: Correctly selecting the end-diastolic and end-systolic frames on a 2D echocardiogram is important and challenging, for both human experts and automated algorithms. Manual selection is time-consuming and subject to uncertainty, and may affect the results obtained, especially for advanced measurements such as myocardial strain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed and evaluated algorithms which can automatically extract global and regional cardiac velocity, and identify end-diastolic and end-systolic frames...
June 1, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573678/cardiac-involvements-in-hypereosinophilia-associated-syndrome-case-reports-and-a-little-review-of-the-literature
#11
Xuanyi Jin, Chunyan Ma, Shuang Liu, Zhengyu Guan, Yonghuai Wang, Jun Yang
Hypereosinophilia-associated syndrome is a rare group of systemic diseases without certain underlying causes. Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), are initial considerations, when underlying causes remains unexplained despite of complete evaluation of hypereosinophilia. In this study, we report two rare cases, one case of HES with Loeffler endocarditis, and the other one of EGPA with restrictive cardiomyopathy mimicking myocardial infarction, to further address differential chief cardiac manifestations between HES and EGPA...
June 1, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560795/management-of-an-asymptomatic-patient-with-the-apical-variant-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#12
Meghan K Borden Trojan, Robert W Biederman
Healthcare professionals are faced with challenging decisions regarding patient evaluation and management on a daily basis. Once a diagnosis is made, additional challenges include how to proceed with the management. Here, we present an eighty-two-year-old female who was incidentally diagnosed with the apical variant of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy on a transthoracic echocardiogram. She was found to have newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation, but was otherwise asymptomatic from a cardiomyopathy standpoint. No specific guidelines exist for this patient population...
May 30, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560785/image-of-a-left-atrial-mass-after-a-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-a-child
#13
Khaled Hadeed, Bertrand Leobon, Yves Dulac, Philippe Acar
Invagination of an appendage into the left atrium is a rare complication. It occurs spontaneously or after open-heart surgery. In our case, a postoperative transesophageal echocardiogram, after closure of a ventricular septal defect in a 5-month-old infant, revealed a large mass in the left atrium. A diagnosis of a left appendage inversion was confirmed after external examination of the heart. Herein, we provide echocardiographic images before, during, and after manual reversion of the left appendage. Misdiagnosis of this complication could have led to an additional unnecessary surgical procedure that could have impacted on the patient's morbidity...
May 30, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560766/systolic-longitudinal-strain-correlates-with-visual-assessment-of-regional-left-ventricular-function-during-dobutamine-stress-echocardiography-and-discriminates-the-segments-with-induced-contractility-impairment
#14
Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik, Dawid Miśkowiec, Jarosław D Kasprzak
BACKGROUND: The relationship between visual and strain assessment of left ventricular (LV) function during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) remains poorly investigated. We assessed systolic longitudinal strain (SLS) and strain rate (SLSR) in segments visually graded as normokinetic, hypokinetic, or akinetic at baseline (0) and peak stage (1) of DSE and compared deformation changes between segments with and without induced contractility worsening. METHODS: From 250 patients examined by DSE, 238 patients with diagnostic test were included, mean age of 62±9 years (105 females)...
May 30, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560753/big-thrombus-sitting-in-an-atrial-septal-aneurysm
#15
Julián Vega Adauy, Luigi Gabrielli, Samuel Córdova, Rodrigo Saavedra, Paul McNab
A 79 year-old-man presented three episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and weight loss. Endoscopy revealed bleeding and extrinsic compression at the pyloric region. Computed tomography scan showed a pancreatic tumor, peritoneal carcinomatosis, vascular infiltration, and incidentally found a partially calcified hypodense lesion of 35 mm in the left atrium, suggesting a myxoma or a thrombus. Echocardiography revealed moderate left atrium enlargement, dilated left atrial appendage with spontaneous echo contrast, moderate dilatation and dysfunction of the left ventricle, ejection fraction was 39%, and an atrial septal aneurysm in which a piriform, mass of 35×33×25 mm, was "sitting," suggesting an organized thrombus...
May 30, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560714/clinical-presentation-and-echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-postinfarction-papillary-muscle-rupture-a-review-of-22-cases
#16
Bradley W Ternus, Sunil Mankad, William D Edwards, Rekha Mankad
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) continue to be common in the United States. Mechanical complications of AMI can lead to cardiogenic shock (CS) and death. The aim of this study was to review the cases of papillary muscle ruptures in the setting of myocardial infarctions at a tertiary care center, with a focus on the clinical presentation and echocardiographic diagnosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective study from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2014...
May 30, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548371/the-additional-utility-of-two-dimensional-strain-in-detection-of-coronary-artery-disease-presence-and-localization-in-patients-undergoing-dobutamine-stress-echocardiogram
#17
Alaa Roushdy, Yomna Abou El Seoud, Mohamed Abd Elrahman, Basem Wadeaa, Adel Eletriby, Zainab Abd El Salam
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiogram (DSE) is a feasible and safe exercise-independent stress modality for diagnoses of coronary artery disease (CAD), but it is subjective, and operator dependant. Two-dimensional strain at peak stress could overcome these limitations and thus increase the accuracy of DSE. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective observational study in which 80 patients underwent DSE, two-dimensional strain at peak stress, and coronary angiography...
May 26, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517107/right-coronary-artery-coronary-sinus-fistula-with-coronary-sinus-ostium-stenosis
#18
Lihong Pu, Rongjuan Li, Ya Yang, Guowen Liu, Yueli Wang
Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare anomaly of the coronary artery. The draining site of a right coronary artery (RCA) fistula may usually be the right ventricle, right atrium, or pulmonary artery. Here, we present a patient with right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula (RCACSF) complicated by aneurysmal dilatation of the coronary sinus (CS) and stenosis of CS ostium.
May 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517046/three-dimensional-proximal-flow-convergence-automatic-calculation-for-determining-mitral-valve-area-in-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis
#19
Francisco Sampaio, Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, João Almeida, Paulo Fonseca, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, José Ribeiro, Vasco Gama
PURPOSE: Management of patients with mitral stenosis (MS) depends heavily on the accurate quantification of mitral valve area (MVA) using echocardiography. All currently used two-dimensional (2D) methods have limitations. Estimation of MVA using the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method with real time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography may circumvent those limitations. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of 3D direct measurement of PISA in the estimation of MVA. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients (median age of 63 years; 77...
May 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517030/gerbode-defect-and-multivalvular-dysfunction-complex-complications-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Catarina Ruivo, Joana Guardado, Fernando Montenegro Sá, Fátima Saraiva, Alexandre Antunes, Joana Correia, João Morais
We report a clinical case of a 40-year-old male with surgically corrected congenital heart disease (CHD) 10 years earlier: closure of ostium primum, mitral annuloplasty, and aortic valve and root surgery. The patient was admitted with acute heart failure. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a dysmorphic and severely incompetent aortic valve, a partial tear of the mitral valve cleft repair and annuloplasty ring dehiscence. A true left ventricular-to-right atrial shunt confirmed a direct Gerbode defect...
May 18, 2017: Echocardiography
journal
journal
29170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"