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Lee Roosevelt, Megan Diebel, Ruth E Zielinski
Assessment of labor progress through vaginal digital examination (VE) remains one of the most challenging skills for midwifery students. As VE during labor has become a less frequent occurrence there are less opportunities for student midwives to gain mastery of the skill. Best practices for teaching and evaluating VE involve a step-wise, multi modal approach. More research is needed on how to standardize teaching for this essential skill.
February 23, 2018: Midwifery
Nina M Molenaar, Marlies E Brouwer, Johannes J Duvekot, Huibert Burger, Esther M Knijff, Witte J Hoogendijk, Claudi L H Bockting, G S de Wolf, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: prescription rates of antidepressants during pregnancy range from 2-3% in The Netherlands to 6.2% in the USA. Inconclusive evidence about harms and benefits of antidepressants during pregnancy leads to variation in advice given by gynaecologists and midwives. The objective was to investigate familiarity with, and adherence to the Dutch multidisciplinary guideline on Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) use during pregnancy by gynaecologists and midwives in the Netherlands...
February 21, 2018: Midwifery
Maria Lindqvist, Margareta Persson, Margareta Nilsson, Eva Uustal, Inger Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: this study explores women's experiences of the first two months after obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) during childbirth with a focus on problematic recovery. METHODS: this qualitative study used inductive qualitative content analysis to investigate open-ended responses from 1248 women. The data consists of short and comprehensive written responses to open-ended questions focusing on recovery in the national quality register, the Perineal Laceration Register, two months after OASIS at childbirth...
February 20, 2018: Midwifery
Karl Krupp, Caitlyn D Placek, Meredith Wilcox, Kavitha Ravi, Vijaya Srinivas, Anjali Arun, Purnima Madhivanan
OBJECTIVE: According to the World Health Organization, about half of all pregnant women in India suffer from some form of anemia. While poor nutrition is the most common cause, social factors, such as gender and religion, also impact anemia status. This study investigates the relationship between anemia and socioeconomic and health-related factors among pregnant women in Mysore, India. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study conducted between January 2009 and 2012 SETTING: 144 rural villages ten or more kilometers outside of Mysore City received integrated antenatal care and HIV testing services provided by mobile medical clinic in their communities...
February 20, 2018: Midwifery
Kimberly Garcia, Donna Dowling, Gretchen Mettler
INTRODUCTION: Guatemala's Maternal Mortality Rate is 65th highest in the world at 120 deaths per 100,000 births. Contributing to the problem is traditional birth attendants (TBAs) attend most births yet lack knowledge about obstetrical emergencies. Government trainings in existence since 1955 have not changed TBA knowledge. Government trainings are culturally insensitive because they are taught in Spanish with written material, even though most TBAs are illiterate and speak Mayan dialects...
February 17, 2018: Midwifery
Roselane Gonçalves, Jacqueline Isaac Machado Brigagão, Glauce Cristine Ferreira Soares
We describe the experience of study circles on the theme 'good obstetrics practices backed by scientific evidence' and argue that they prepared midwifery students to dialogue with hospital staff and empowered them in the process of negotiating the implementation of practices put forward by the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM). We conclude that study circles are an efficient strategy of preparing midwifery students to be active participants in the maternity care team and lead discussions of evidenced-based practice...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
Allison M Cummins, Raechel Wight, Nicole Watts, Christine Catling
OBJECTIVE: first year midwifery students learn early in semester about situations in midwifery where a high level of emotion is expressed, such as taking a sexual history, being faced with the body image changes of pregnancy and working with women in the extreme pain of labour. Commencing students usually have not had exposure to the realities of studying and working in midwifery, and often have an idealised view of midwifery that may lead to attrition from the course. We aimed to equip students with personal and professional tools to discuss sensitive issues in midwifery and promote self-care through the development of two workshops...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
Reham Khresheh, Mona Almalik, Arwa Owies, Lesley Barclay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and outcomes of introducing childbirth preparation programs in a sample of Maternal and Child Health centres in Jordan. DESIGN: An exploratory, descriptive design, and practice- research engagement was used to implement and evaluate the proposed childbirth preparation program. Face to face interviews and field notes were used to collect data. Outcomes of pregnancy and birth were collected from interviews with women using a structured format...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
Laura Goodwin, Beck Taylor, Farina Kokab, Sara Kenyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Midwifery
Shefaly Shorey, Lina Ang, Esther C L Goh
OBJECTIVE: this study aims to understand fathers' expectations, needs, and experiences in infant care during the early postpartum period in Singapore. DESIGN: a descriptive qualitative study design was adopted. SETTING: the study was conducted in a tertiary public hospital in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: fifty participants (first-time as well as experienced fathers) were recruited from postnatal wards of a public hospital...
February 13, 2018: Midwifery
Teresa Arias, Kirstie Coxon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: the limited availability of high quality evidence related to second stage management of the perineum (SSMP) combined with a perceived shift in UK practice towards a 'hands off' the perineum/fetal head approach are likely to have impacted significantly on student midwives' understanding of SSMP. This paper presents a classroom based educational session using low fidelity simulation, which was designed in response to student feedback and aimed to improve confidence in this skill...
February 13, 2018: Midwifery
Liz Floyd, Fiona Bryce, Rohit Ramaswamy, Adeyemi Olufolabi, Emmanuel Srofenyoh, David Goodman, Nancy Pearson, Kerry Morgan, Cecilia Tetteh, Victoria Ahwireng, Medge Owen
OBJECTIVE: to introduce and embed a midwife-led obstetric triage system in a busy labour ward in Accra, Ghana to improve the quality of care and to reduce delay. DESIGN: the study utilized a participatory action research design. Local staff participated in baseline data collection, the triage training course design and delivery, and post-training monitoring and evaluation. SETTING: a regional referral hospital in Accra, Ghana undertaking 11,032 deliveries in 2012...
February 12, 2018: Midwifery
Susanne Lohmann, Elke Mattern, Gertrud M Ayerle
OBJECTIVE: To explore how midwives perceive patient preferences related to midwifery care in Germany. DESIGN: This qualitative study, which was part of a larger study, used a hermeneutic-interpretive approach and involved focus group interviews with midwives. Data collection and analysis were done in a conjoined fashion between April 2015 and September 2016. SETTING: Four focus group interviews were conducted in four different federal states of Germany...
February 10, 2018: Midwifery
Clara Bermúdez-Tamayo, Mira Johri, Nils Chaillet
INTRODUCTION: audits of indications for cesarean section (CS), feedback for health professionals, and implementation of best practices, as compared with usual care (QUARISMA study), resulted in a small reduction in the rate of CS in Quebec and important cost savings from a health care payer perspective. Determining the budget impact would enable estimation of the financial consequences if the program is extended nationwide. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a retrospective pre-post study design was used to estimate cost prior to and after the implementation of QUARISMA in Quebec (105,351 subjects)...
February 9, 2018: Midwifery
Margaret Fisher, Rachel Stanyer
OBJECTIVE: to share the experience of a model of peer mentoring in a pre-qualification midwifery programme DESIGN: description of the framework and benefits of the model SETTING: University and practice PARTICIPANTS: third year midwifery students INTERVENTIONS: practical activities meeting regulatory body requirements in a pre-qualification mentorship module MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: informal evaluations by students of key activities undertaken during peer mentoring demonstrated a range of positive outcomes...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
Chloé Barasinski, Anne Debost-Legrand, Didier Lemery, Françoise Vendittelli
OBJECTIVE: the principal objective of our study was to describe the practices reported by French midwives during the active second stage of labor (expulsion phase). DESIGN: this cross-sectional Internet survey questioned French midwives who attended at least one childbirth in 2013. SETTING: this open survey was posted on a website from June 15 through December 1, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1496 midwives from 377 maternity units participated in the study...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
F J Soriano-Vidal, R Vila-Candel, P J Soriano-Martín, A Tejedor-Tornero, E Castro-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Maternity care has focused on lowering maternal and neonatal morbidity, though women's beliefs and expectations of care have been set aside. Women face childbirth with preconceived expectations, some of which could be expressed on their birth plan. The latter could beinfluenced by health professionals through prenatal education classes, though this has not been measured before. Antenatal classes have been argued against,since no resulting improvement in childbirth experience has been demonstrated, though some advantages may be seen: they favour communication and give time for expressing maternal expectations and beliefs...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
George Kent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
Karline Wilson-Mitchell, Jamie Robinson, Mary Sharpe
OBJECTIVE: to develop and deliver a two-day Respectful Maternity Care workshop for midwives using Intellectual Partnership Model principles SETTING: rural Tanzania BACKGROUND: respectful Maternity Care is an objective, measurable indicator of quality maternal newborn care INTERVENTIONS: using the Intellectual Partnership Model, educators facilitated cocreation of solutions alongside learners for complex ethical and logistic problems in the workplace FINDINGS: the mean scores on a 10-item multiple choice test increased by 20% on average following completion of the interventions; however 2-year certificate learners were less prepared for critical thinking work and social innovations than those midwives who had 3 or 4 year formal training KEY CONCLUSIONS: the implementation of the Intellectual Partnership Model revealed that midwife learners were creative, innovative, context specific in their social innovation creations related to Respectful Maternity Care when supported by respectful facilitators...
February 7, 2018: Midwifery
Penny R Marzalik, Karen Johnson Feltham, Karen Jefferson, Kim Pekin
US midwifery education is provided through graduate education for the CNM/CM and didactic education with apprenticeship for the CPM. Clinical practice varies throughout the country depending on the credential held and current state legislation. A lack of clinical sites for midwifery education is a significant challenge to all programs and a barrier to meeting the national maternity care provider shortage.
February 5, 2018: Midwifery
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