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Midwifery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419979/clinical-profile-of-persistent-genito-pelvic-postpartum-pain
#1
Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F Pukall
OBJECTIVE*: the primary aim was to describe the pain characteristics of persistent genito-pelvic postpartum pain (PPP) and compare these characteristics by mode of delivery. The secondary aim was to incorporate psychosocial variables into the conceptualization of PPP by exploring the relationship among postpartum depressive symptoms, fatigue, and PPP. DESIGN: cross-sectional study design. SETTING: online survey. PARTICIPANTS: 106 women recruited from the community who gave birth within twelve months prior to completing the survey...
April 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395200/women-s-intentions-of-informal-and-formal-help-seeking-for-mental-health-problems-during-the-perinatal-period-the-role-of-perceived-encouragement-from-the-partner
#2
Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro
OBJECTIVES: this study aimed to examine the relationship between women's intentions to seek informal help and to seek professional help and to explore the indirect effects of women's perceived encouragement to seek professional help from their male partner. Moreover, this study aimed to examine if these relationships vary as function of the presence of higher levels of perinatal distress. DESIGN: cross-sectional internet survey. SETTING: participants were recruited through advertisements published in pamphlets and posted on social media websites (e...
April 5, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#3
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411530/the-influence-of-intrapartum-opioid-use-on-breastfeeding-experience-at-6-weeks-post-partum-a-secondary-analysis
#4
Julie-Anne Fleet, Meril Jones, Ingrid Belan
OBJECTIVE: To examine breastfeeding experiences up to 6 weeks postpartum for mothers administered intranasal fentanyl, subcutaneous fentanyl or intramuscular pethidine for intrapartum analgesia. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was undertaken using the per-protocol dataset to examine the third phase of a larger randomised controlled trial. This phase of the study examined breastfeeding intention and experience from the first hour of birth to 6 weeks postpartum. Medical records were audited and women were contacted at 6 weeks postpartum to complete a telephone questionnaire...
April 3, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414983/a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-comparing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-between-hands-and-knees-delivery-position-and-supine-position-in-china
#5
Hongyu Zhang, Shurong Huang, Xiaolan Guo, Ningning Zhao, Yujing Lu, Min Chen, Yingxia Li, Junqin Wu, Lihua Huang, Fenglan Ma, Yuhong Yang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Renfei Guo, Wenzhi Cai
BACKGROUND: the supine position is the most frequently offered for birth delivery in China and many other countries, but the hands-and-knees position is now gaining prominence with doctors in China. This study aims to examine the differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes among low-risk women who gave birth either in the hands-and-knees position or the supine position. METHODS: a randomised controlled trial was conducted in 11 hospitals in China from May to December in 2012...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412526/birth-setting-labour-experience-and-postpartum-psychological-distress
#6
Anna L MacKinnon, Lisa Yang, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Phyllis Zelkowitz
OBJECTIVE: although psychosocial risk factors have been identified for postpartum depression (PPD) and perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the role of labour- and birth-related factors remains unclear. The present investigation explored the impact of birth setting, subjective childbirth experience, and their interplay, on PPD and postpartum PTSD. METHOD: in this prospective longitudinal cohort study, three groups of women who had vaginal births at a tertiary care hospital, a birthing center, and those transferred from the birthing centre to the tertiary care hospital were compared...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399472/first-time-fathers-experiences-of-their-prenatal-preparation-in-relation-to-challenges-met-in-the-early-parenthood-period-implications-for-early-parenthood-preparation
#7
Petra Pålsson, Eva K Persson, Maria Ekelin, Inger Kristensson Hallström, Linda J Kvist
OBJECTIVE: to describe first-time fathers experiences of their prenatal preparation in relation to challenges met in the early parenthood period. DESIGN: a qualitative study was conducted and data was analysed with a phenomenographical approach. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 15 first-time fathers were recruited from three postnatal units in southern Sweden and interviewed approximately one month after their baby was born. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: three categories and 14 conceptions about fathers' experiences of their preparation emerged from the data...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384551/nature-works-best-when-allowed-to-run-its-course-the-experience-of-midwives-promoting-normal-births-in-a-home-birth-setting
#8
Ingvild Aune, Mari A Hoston, Nora J Kolshus, Christel E G Larsen
OBJECTIVE: to gain a deeper understanding of how midwives promote a normal birth in a home birth setting in Norway. DESIGN/SETTING: a qualitative approach was chosen for data collection. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine midwives working in a home birth setting in different areas in Norway. The transcribed interviews were analysed with the help of systematic text condensation. FINDINGS: the analysis generated two main themes: «The midwife's fundamental beliefs» and «Working in line with one's ideology»...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399474/exploring-knowledge-of-pre-eclampsia-and-views-on-a-potential-screening-test-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Amy C Wotherspoon, Ian S Young, David R McCance, Valerie A Holmes
OBJECTIVE: to explore knowledge of pre-eclampsia and opinions on potential screening tests for pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews of women planning a pregnancy, currently pregnant or post-partum with experience of pre-eclampsia. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: eleven women with type 1 diabetes were recruited from a pre-pregnancy planning clinic or antenatal clinic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the women, asking a series of open-ended questions about their current knowledge of pre-eclampsia and their views on screening for pre-eclampsia...
March 30, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390254/validation-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-pregnancy-experience-scale
#10
Judith Esi van der Zwan, Wieke de Vente, Hans M Koot, Anja C Huizink
The Pregnancy Experience Scale - Brief version (PES-Brief) assesses the frequency and intensity of the hassles and uplifts of pregnancy. This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Dutch PES-Brief-Beleving van Zwangerschap Schaal - verkorte versie (BZS-K)-in a sample of healthy Dutch pregnant women. Participants (n=115) completed questionnaires twice during pregnancy, within a three-week interval. Factor analyses resulted in the expected two factors, one positive and one negative. The BZS-K showed sufficient internal consistency (α=...
March 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388456/women-s-experiences-of-labour-and-birth-when-having-a-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-abnormality-in-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#11
Kay Jones, Kathleen Baird, Jenny Fenwick
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's experiences of labour and birth in the context of a termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality in the second trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: meta-synthesis of 10 qualitative studies which included the experiences of 581 women. Data analysis was informed by van Manen's four lifeworld existentials (lived body, lived space, lived time and lived human relationships) and focused only on women's experiences of their labour and birth when terminating a pregnancy in the second trimester for fetal abnormality...
March 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399473/innovation-in-preregistration-midwifery-education-web-based-interactive-storytelling-learning
#12
Mandie Scamell, Thomas Hanley
BACKGROUND: through a critical description of the implementation of a web based interactive storytelling learning activity introduced into an undergraduate, preregistration midwifery education programme, this paper will explore how low-cost, low-fidelity online storytelling, designed using Moodle, can be used to enhance students' understanding of compassion and empathy in practice. SAMPLE: cross sectional sample of first year undergraduate Midwifery students (n111) METHOD: drawing from both research and audit data collected in an Higher Education Institution in London England, the paper presents the case for using web based technology to create a sustainable model for midwifery education...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391147/influence-of-a-pelvic-floor-training-programme-to-prevent-perineal-trauma-a-quasi-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Fatima Leon-Larios, Isabel Corrales-Gutierrez, Rosa Casado-Mejía, Carmen Suarez-Serrano
BACKGROUND: perineal injury is common after birth and may be caused by tears or episiotomy or both. Perineal massage has been shown to prevent episiotomies in primiparous women. On the other hand, pelvic floor exercises might have an influence by shortening the first and second stages of labour in the primigravida. AIM: the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a pelvic floor training following a birth programme on perineal trauma. DESIGN: a single-blind quasi-randomized controlled trial with two groups: standard care and intervention...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390256/maternal-education-and-breastfeeding-practices-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jian Zhao, Yun Zhao, Mengran Du, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee
OBJECTIVE: to examine the association between maternal education and breastfeeding prevalence in China. METHODS: a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted based on the literature of observational studies retrieved from electronic databases of CNKI, Medline, Embase, CINHAL, ProQuest and Science Direct. Maternal education was recoded into two binary categorical variables using different cut-off points. Both fixed and random effect models were used to estimate the pooled association between maternal education and breastfeeding prevalence in China...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390255/exploring-the-needs-and-challenges-of-women-reintegrating-after-obstetric-fistula-repair-in-northern-ghana
#15
Kimberly Jarvis, Solina Richter, Helen Vallianatos
OBJECTIVE: to explore the cultural, social and economic needs and challenges of women in northern Ghana as they resume their day-to-day lives post obstetric fistula repair. DESIGN: a critical ethnographic approach. SETTING: a state run fistula treatment center in Tamale, northern Ghana, and 24 rural communities in northern Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: ninety-nine (N=99) participants were recruited using purposive, convenience and snowball sampling...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384553/neonatal-resuscitation-training-for-midwives-in-uganda-strengthening-skill-and-knowledge-retention
#16
Clare Mildenberger, Cathryn Ellis, Kelley Lee
The objective of this project was to improve birth outcomes for babies in a regional referral hospital in Uganda by strengthening factors that influence the retention and application of neonatal resuscitation skills. Initial training in neonatal resuscitation is not enough on its own. In order to better understand the gap between training and effective practice, an evaluation of a neonatal resuscitation program was carried out. This included practical skill testing of local midwives using a neonatal resuscitation doll pre- and post-training, as well as follow up testing at 1 month and 12 months, followed by focus groups and interviews...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384552/the-realization-of-bfhi-step-4-in-finland-initial-breastfeeding-and-skin-to-skin-contact-according-to-mothers-and-midwives
#17
Mervi Hakala, Pirjo Kaakinen, Maria Kääriäinen, Risto Bloigu, Leena Hannula, Satu Elo
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact are the best start for infant life. Breastfeeding ensures the best trajectory for development and growth while preventing many diseases later in life. It is recommended that initial breastfeeding occur during the first hour and that generally exclusive breastfeeding is adopted during the first six months. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe how initial breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact (Step 4 of the BFHI) is implemented in Finnish maternity hospitals as well as to explain the factors connected to it...
March 22, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347853/exposure-to-traumatic-events-at-work-posttraumatic-symptoms-and-professional-quality-of-life-among-midwives
#18
Ran Cohen, Dmitry Leykin, Dita Golan-Hadari, Mooli Lahad
OBJECTIVE: in their line of duty, midwives are often exposed to traumatic births that may lead to symptoms of compassion fatigue (CF), which includes burnout (BO) and secondary traumatic stress (STS).Conversely, midwives derive pleasure and great satisfaction in seeing the positive effect they have on their clients. This experience is known as compassion satisfaction (CS). Together, CS and CF comprise the professional quality of life (ProQOL). The aim of this paper was to study midwives' professional quality of life and traumatic experiences...
March 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364621/-working-towards-being-ready-a-grounded-theory-study-of-how-practising-midwives-maintain-their-ongoing-competence-to-practise-their-profession
#19
Susan Calvert, Elizabeth Smythe, Barbara McKenzie-Green
OBJECTIVE: to present a grounded theory research study explaining how New Zealand midwives maintain their ongoing competence to practise their profession. DESIGN: grounded theory, an interpretive emergent research methodology was used to examine the process of maintaining competence in midwifery practice. SETTING: New Zealand urban and rural practice settings. PARTICIPANTS: twenty-six midwives from across New Zealand were interviewed and asked about maintaining their competence to practise...
March 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363110/-i-was-told-not-to-do-it-but%C3%A2-infant-feeding-practices-amongst-hiv-positive-women-in-southern-thailand
#20
Dusanee Suwankhong, Pranee Liamputtong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: mothers living with HIV are encouraged not to breastfeed as it can transmit HIV to their infants. However, there is little known about how Thai women with HIV perceive and experience their infant feeding practices. This paper explores the breastfeeding experiences among Thai women living with HIV in southern Thailand. METHODS: semi-structured interviews and drawing methods were used with 30 HIV-positive women in rural communities of southern Thailand...
March 14, 2017: Midwifery
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